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Loyse Martorano Fernandes, José Cordeiro Lima Neto, Thiago Farias Rocha Lima, Marcela Baraúna Magno, Bianca Marques Santiago, Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti, Leopoldina de Fátima Dantas de Almeida
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The evidence that mouthguards prevent dental trauma is inconsistent. The aim of this study was to determine, through a systematic review and meta-analysis (MA), the impact of mouthguards (MG) on the prevalence of dento-alveolar trauma (DT) among athletes of contact sports. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were performed at Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs, Cochrane Library and SIGLE without restriction of language or publication date. After the application of eligibity criteria, studies were evaluated regarding their methodology quality and risk of bias...
September 17, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
David W Donnelly, Therese Kearney, Eilis McCaughan, Amy Downing, David Weller, Adam W Glaser, Anna Gavin
BACKGROUND: Erectile dysfunction is common among older men; however, diagnosis and treatment compared to reported prevalence is low. We aim to identify the degree to which older men are offered treatment for the condition and determine the level of unmet need within Northern Ireland (NI). METHODOLOGY: Analysis of data collected using a cross-sectional survey was conducted for men aged ≥60 years with data weighted to the NI population by age and deprivation. Respondents answered questions on sociodemographic factors, health-related characteristics, ability to function sexually, level of sexual interest and activity, and any treatment offered to improve erections in the last 3 years...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Flemming Skjøth, Henrik Vadmann, Søren Pihlkjaer Hjortshøj, Sam Riahi, Gregory Y H Lip, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to study the risk of death and development of arrhythmia and/or subsequently heart failure after an atrial flutter ablation procedure compared with an atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedure. METHODS: This observational study is based on data from Danish nationwide health databases. Patients with a first-time ablation procedure for either atrial flutter or AF in the period 2000-2016 were included. Rates of renewed arrhythmia, heart failure or death were compared and reported as adjusted hazard ratios (HR)...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Rahel Mahmud, Adam Gray, Adam Nabeebaccus, Martin Brunel Whyte
AIMS: Prolonged QT interval on electrocardiogram (ECG) increases the risk of ventricular arrhythmia. Patients admitted to acute medical units (AMU) may be at risk of QT prolongation from multiple, recognised risk factors. Few data exist regarding incidence or outcomes of QT prolongation in acute general medical admissions. The aims were to determine the incidence of Bazett's-corrected QT (QTc) prolongation upon admission to AMU; the relationship between QTc and inpatient mortality, length of stay and readmission; proportion with prolonged QTc subsequently administered QT interval-prolonging drugs...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Osnat Malka, Diego Santos-Garcia, Ester Feldmesser, Elad Sharon, Renate Krause-Sakate, Hélène Delatte, Sharon van Brunschot, Mitulkumar Patel, Paul Visendi Muhindira, Habibu Mugerwa, Susan Seal, John Colvin, Shai Morin
Insect-plant associations and their role in diversification are mostly studied in specialists. Here, we aimed to identify macroevolution patterns in the relationships between generalists and their host plants that have the potential to promote diversification. We focused on the Bemisia tabaci species complex containing more than 35 cryptic species. Mechanisms for explaining this impressive diversification have focused so far on allopatric forces that assume a common, broad, host range. We conducted a literature survey which indicated that species in the complex differ in their host range, with only few showing a truly broad one...
September 17, 2018: Molecular Ecology
Anna Domoslawska, Slawomir Zdunczyk, Monika Franczyk, Marta Kankofer, Tomasz Janowski
The aim of this study was to evaluate the total antioxidant capacity and protein peroxidation intensity in seminal plasma of infertile and fertile dogs. The study was conducted on 10 infertile and 10 fertile dogs of various breeds. Infertility was defined as conception failure at least 3 matings with different bitches. Semen was collected by manual manipulation. The sperm concentration and motility parameters were evaluated using CASA Hamilton Thorne, Vers. IVOS 12.3. The morphology of spermatozoa and the percentage of live and dead sperm cells were assessed microscopically, total antioxidant capacity and the content of SH-groups in seminal plasma were determined spectrophotometrically, the contents of protein peroxidation markers in seminal plasma, bityrosine and formylokinurenine, were determined using spectrofluorimetric methods...
September 17, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
Mariusz Sikora, Magdalena Chrabąszcz, Cezary Maciejewski, Michał Zaremba, Anna Waśkiel, Małgorzata Olszewska, Lidia Rudnicka
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory systemic disease. Growing evidence suggests that human homeostasis depends on a mutualistic relationship with gut bacteria that produce a number of biologically active compounds. Therefore, enteric microbiota dysbiosis with gut barrier disruption may be an important factor in the development of chronic inflammatory diseases. The aim of our study was to assess non-invasive markers of intestinal barrier integrity in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. Concentrations of claudin-3 (intestinal epithelial tight junction structure) and intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP; marker of enterocyte damage) were determined in the blood of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis (n = 20) and healthy individuals (n = 20) using commercially available enzyme-linked immunoassay test kits...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
Stéphanie Almeida Scalvino, Audrey Chapelle, Neïla Hajem, Elian Lati, Philippe Gasser, Jean-Christophe Choulot, Laurence Michel, Michel Hocquaux, Estelle Loing, Joan Attia, Joanna Wdzieczak-Bakala
OBJECTIVE: Hair greying (i.e., canities) is a component of chronological aging and occurs regardless of gender or ethnicity. Canities is directly linked to the loss of melanin and increase in oxidative stress in the hair follicle and shaft. To promote hair pigmentation and reduce the hair greying process, an agonist of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH), a biomimetic peptide (palmitoyl tetrapeptide-20; PTP20) was developed. The aim of this study was to describe the effects of the designed peptide on hair greying...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Cosmetic Science
Suman Chakraborty
Microfluidics based lab-on-a-chip technology holds tremendous promises towards point-of-care diagnosis of diseases as well was for developing engineered devices aimed towards replicating the intrinsic functionalities of human bodies as mediated by blood vessel-mimicking circulatory networks. While the analysis of transport of blood including its unique cellular constituents has remained to be the focus of many reported studies, a progressive interest on understanding the interplay between electric field and blood flow dynamics has paved a new way towards further developments from scientific, engineering as well as clinical viewpoint...
September 17, 2018: Electrophoresis
Viviane Bernardes de Oliveira Chaiben, Thabata Baechtold da Silveira, Murilo Henrique Guedes, João Pedro de Almeida Fernandes, João Henrique Fregadolli Ferreira, Julianna Beltrão, Giovanna Foltran Leal, Lucas Henrique Olandoski Erbano, Natasha Ludmila Bosch, Roberto Pecoits Filho, Thyago Proença de Moraes, Cristina Pellegrino Baena
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing, with a potential impact in the risk of acceleration of dementia. The potential association between glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and cognitive performance was scarcely studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate cognitive performance levels across different degrees of kidney function. METHODS: We analyzed 240 outpatients in a nephrology service, classified according to eGFR: Advanced (≤ 30ml/min/1...
September 13, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Julia Izadora da Silva Martins, Isabela Maria Bertoglio, Amanda Carolina Damasceno Zanuto Guerra, Mariana Espiga Maioli, Vinicius Daher Alvares Delfino
INTRODUCTION: Purpura fulminans (PF) is a rapid progressive thrombotic disease in which hemorrhagic infarction of the skin and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) occurs. It can potentially cause acute kidney injury (AKI). However, there is no description in the medical literature of renal histological findings of PF. CASE REPORT: A 20-year-old female patient, previously healthy, was admitted to the emergency department (ED) with odynophagia, fever, generalized myalgia and anuria, which evolved with the appearance of purpuric plaques on the face and limbs...
September 13, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Paula de Marchi Scarpin Hagemann, Luis Cuadrado Martin, Carmen Maria Bueno Neme
INTRODUCTION: The sources of stress involved in chronic kidney disease (CKD) can lead to depressive states, directly affecting the hemodialysis patient's quality of life (QOL). There are few reports and studies on therapeutic interventions that aim to minimize depressive symptoms in these patients and an even greater shortage of studies using music therapy. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of music therapy on QOL and depressive symptoms in hemodialysis patients...
September 13, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Eric Gehring, Bruno Bellosi, Ambra Quacchia, Marco Conedera
Dryocosmus kuriphilus Yasumatsu has become a major pest for Castaneasativa since its arrival in Europe. Its galling activity results in the formation of different gall types and prevents the development of normal shoots. Repeated and uncontrolled attacks cause, besides the production of galls and the attendant gall-related reduction in leaf area, progressive corruption of the branch architecture, including the death of branch parts, and an increase in dormant bud activation. Thus far, there have been few attempts to quantify branch architecture damage...
August 30, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Lokesh Basavarajappa, Arun Kumar Thittai
Rotation Elastogram (RE) is a 2D spatial distribution map of the estimated local rigid-body rotation undergone by a target when subjected to an external compression, which is one of the recent variants in elastographic imaging. A recent study has shown that inclusion-contrast in RE is independent of inclusion-background modulus contrast and thus may be helpful in distinguishing between barely-stiff benign and malignant lesions. However, estimation of quality RE requires not only precise axial displacement estimates but also lateral displacement estimates...
September 17, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Leila Mollaahmadi, Afsaneah Keramat, Ashraf Ghiasi, Mozhgan Hashemzadeah
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between Semen Parameters and IUI success rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out during a 4 year period (2011-2015) on the medical records of 350 couples admitted at the infertility center of Beast Hospital in Tehran. The participants' data such as age, duration of infertility, semen parameters (including volume, concentration, motility, normal morphology and TMSC) before and after sperm processing as well as the IUI results were extracted from the patients' records...
September 17, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Fırat Tülek, Ali Gemici, Feride Söylemez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to compare the effectiveness and safety of oxytocin and cervical ripening balloon in women with unfavorable cervices for inducing labor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total of eighty pregnant women between 37-41 gestational weeks having singleton pregnancies and intact membranes with unfavorable cervix were randomized in two groups, cervical ripening balloon (n=40) and oxytocin infusion (n=40). The primary outcomes were the labor time and the route of delivery...
September 17, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Jun-Won Lee, Sang Wook Park, Jung-Woo Son, Sung-Gyun Ahn, Seung-Hwan Lee
AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the left distal transradial approach (ldTRA) as a default route for coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Between 11 Oct 2017 and 9 Jan 2018, 200 consecutive patients were enrolled in a single centre. The radial artery was punctured with a 20-gauge venipuncture catheter needle by three expert left radial approach operators. The success rates of arterial puncture, CAG, and PCI were 95...
September 18, 2018: EuroIntervention
M Kuruvilla, J Kalangara, F Eun-Hyung Lee
OBJECTIVE: Among the symptom constellation that characterizes allergic conjunctivitis, many such as burning and stinging can be attributed to chronic neuropathic pain. There is accumulating data to support that these hallmark symptoms might be linked to the effects of allergen induced neuromodulation. This review will emphasize the key characteristics of neuropathic itch and pain in allergic conjunctivitis and its pathologic mechanisms. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using a PubMed search focusing on allergic conjunctivitis, allergic conjunctivitis, neurogenic inflammation, neuropathic itch, neuropathic pain...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
A M Giménez Arnau, A Valero Santiago, J Bartra Tomás, I Jáuregui Presa, M Labrador-Horrillo, F J Miquel Miquel, J Ortiz de Frutos, J Sastre, F J Silvestre Salvador, M Ferrer Puga
Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a heterogeneous condition that can severely impact quality of life, which is why rapid disease control is essential. Symptomatic first-line treatment of CSU is the licensed dose of second-generation H1 antihistamines. For second-line treatment, this dose may be increased by up to four times. In patients who fail to respond to these higher doses of H1 antihistamines, treatment with omalizumab (up to 24 weeks) is recommended to achieve disease control. After this 24-week period, the patient response profile to omalizumab should be defined in order to identify refractory patients...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Yu Ozaki, Tomonori Baba, Yasuhiro Homma, Hiroki Tanabe, Hironori Ochi, Sammy Bannno, Taiji Watari, Kazuo Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the branching pattern of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) named Fan type has been reported that LFCN injury cannot be avoided in surgical dissections that use the direct anterior approach to the hip joint in the cadaveric study. We hypothesized that the Fan type can be identified by ultrasound The aim of this study was to investigate whether LFCN injury occurs in DAA-THA in cases identified as the Fan type based on preoperative ultrasound of the proximal femur...
2018: SICOT-J
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