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Postmodernism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673023/thoughts-on-chemistry-and-scientific-truth-in-post-factual-times
#1
EDITORIAL
Peter R Schreiner
"… The value and meaning of scientific truth has not been overcome by postmodernism or post-factual tendencies. Just because politics is mostly a representation of opinions, this does not imply that truth has become irrelevant. Quite the opposite, the value of truth is growing in turbulent times and for scientists it constitutes the currency of credibility and accountability …" Read more in the Guest Editorial by Peter R. Schreiner.
April 19, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517159/issuing-and-responding-to-unusual-questions-a-conversation-analytic-account-of-tom-andersen-s-therapeutic-practice
#2
Olga Smoliak, Amanda Le Couteur, Christopher Quinn-Nilas
Tom Andersen is considered one of the key contributors to the development of postmodern practice. Little is known, however, about the ways in which his ideas and practices are routinely carried out in situ. We used Conversation Analysis (CA) to investigate a session of couple therapy facilitated by Andersen. We show how Andersen and client participants oriented to and addressed problems of understanding that occurred between them. The source of this trouble was Andersen's use of unusual question formulations...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406762/-critical-review-of-gender-ideology-in-the-light-of-metaphysical-realism
#3
Enrique Eduardo Burguete Miguel
The implementing of gender ideology in the imaginary of current welfare-state societies owes much to a long process in the history of thought, which has culminated in an accommodation of post-feminist discourse. This paper sets out the epistemological principles that are present in gender ideology, as a response to both its recent and more-remote antecedents. It is furthermore framed by an urge for emancipation that began with medieval scholasticism, the latest manifestation of which lies in the post-structuralist deconstructionism that outlines the concept of queer...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353290/postmodernity-addictive-societies-cannabis-and-suicidal-behaviour-towards-a-brave-new-world
#4
Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla
Editorial of vol. 30-1.
January 1, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154387/postmodernism-and-beyond-in-occupational-therapy
#5
Craig Greber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963308/why-involve-families-in-acute-mental-healthcare-a-collaborative-conceptual-review
#6
Aysegul Dirik, Sima Sandhu, Domenico Giacco, Katherine Barrett, Gerry Bennison, Sue Collinson, Stefan Priebe
OBJECTIVES: Family involvement is strongly recommended in clinical guidelines but suffers from poor implementation. To explore this topic at a conceptual level, a multidisciplinary review team including academics, clinicians and individuals with lived experience undertook a review to explore the theoretical background of family involvement models in acute mental health treatment and how this relates to their delivery. DESIGN: A conceptual review was undertaken, including a systematic search and narrative synthesis...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961578/what-is-caring-in-nursing-sorting-out-humanistic-and-christian-perspectives
#7
R Shirlene Newbanks, Linda S Rieg, Beverly Schaefer
Historically, some propose that organized nursing was founded on biblical principles and the caring behaviors and characteristics of Christ, and that caring originates with God. More recently, perceptions of caring have shifted to a humanistic, postmodern worldview, where the source of caring is within the person. This integrative literature review synthesized caring literature from humanistic, postmodern, and biblical, theological worldviews. Findings reveal that 95% of research and 85% of nonresearch publications were written from the humanistic perspective...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951119/fake-news-and-post-truth-pronouncements-in-general-and-in-early-human-development
#8
REVIEW
Victor Grech
Fake news and post-truth pronouncements are increasingly common, and are unfortunately also progressively being applied to the sciences, including the medical sciences. This editorial briefly reviews this unsavoury trend and highlights recent debunking of fake truths in early human development. Science is arguably the last metanarrative with any significant cachet in the postmodern period. We, as scientists, must strive to ensure that our work is transparent and of the highest possible standard so as to continue to uphold science's integrity and probity...
December 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905275/human-development-and-pastoral-care-in-a-postmodern-age-donald-capps-erik-h-erikson-and-beyond
#9
Hetty Zock
This article discusses Donald Capps's use of Erik H. Erikson's life-cycle theory as the basic psychological framework for his theory of pastoral care. Capps was attracted to Erikson's existential-psychological model, his hermeneutic approach, and his religious sensitivity. Capps's thought develops from first exploring biblical foundations for using Eriksonian theory for pastoral care to gradually embracing certain postmodern features. The article concludes with reflections on the usefulness of Erikson's life-cycle theory and Capps's work for contemporary pastoral care...
April 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841813/-you-need-to-do-your-research-vaccines-contestable-science-and-maternal-epistemology
#10
Melissa L Carrion
Individuals who refuse vaccines are often painted as anti-science or ill-informed. However, drawing from interviews with 50 mothers who refused one or more vaccines ( n = 50), results from this study suggest that such depictions lack nuance and may detract from the ability of communication efforts to effectively address concerns. In particular, participants' explanations for vaccine refusal relied on paradoxical arguments about science and expertise. On one hand, participants defended the ideal of science but criticized existing research for failing to meet requisite standards...
April 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813389/postmodernism-vs-science
#11
Michael Shermer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583052/two-postmodernisms-in-rheumatology
#12
Hasan Yazici
While randomization is an essential tool of data collection and interpretation, it can be misused. One such misuse is using a subgroup of a data set for validation purposes after randomizing the whole data set into two groups after which we attempt to validate the outcome data from one group with the outcome in the other. This surely validates only the randomization process. Two examples are given from disease criteria reports from Behçet's syndrome and gout. P-values are misunderstood and misused, and this is usually in the direction of investigators trying to show significant differences in their studies...
April 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499043/bioethics-and-transhumanism
#13
Allen Porter
Transhumanism is a "technoprogressive" socio-political and intellectual movement that advocates for the use of technology in order to transform the human organism radically, with the ultimate goal of becoming "posthuman." To this end, transhumanists focus on and encourage the use of new and emerging technologies, such as genetic engineering and brain-machine interfaces. In support of their vision for humanity, and as a way of reassuring those "bioconservatives" who may balk at the radical nature of that vision, transhumanists claim common ground with a number of esteemed thinkers and traditions, from the ancient philosophy of Plato and Aristotle to the postmodern philosophy of Nietzsche...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488264/the-primacy-of-discourse-in-the-study-of-gender-in-family-therapy
#14
Olga Sutherland, Andrea LaMarre, Carla Rice
Family therapists and scholars increasingly adopt poststructural and postmodern conceptions of social reality, challenging the notion of stable, universal dynamics within family members and families and favoring a view of reality as produced through social interaction. In the study of gender and diversity, many envision differences as social constructed rather than as "residing" in people or groups. There is a growing interest in discourse or people's everyday use of language and how it may reflect and advance interests of dominant groups in a society...
May 10, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468022/from-conflict-and-misunderstanding-to-respect
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ivan Cvitković
Sociologists of the 19(th) and the 20(th) centuries were tackling the relation between science and religion. A few models of these relations were offered, by which the monopoly over the truth by any one of those is crashed. Therefore, there are a few models but each is with lots of limitations. None is sufficient to explain the relation between the science and religion, but each contributes to certain extent to better understanding of those relations. Almost every one of the interpretations was under the influence of the social (particularly ideological and political) conditions in which they were emerging...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390521/toward-a-postmodern-pragmatic-discourse-semioethics-for-brain-injury-care-empirically-driven-group-inquiry-as-a-dialogical-practice-in-pursuit-of-the-peircean-aesthetic-ideal-of%C3%A2-reasonableness
#16
REVIEW
Gary Goldberg
A postmodern framework is proposed for conceptualizing the impact of brain injury on the subjective being of the injured person. Semiosis, the 'action of signs,' is argued as necessary for this recovery of subjectivity that escapes the mechanistic materialism and mind-matter dualism of modern science. Ethical dilemmas in brain injury care are best approached through an empirical 'semioethics' implemented as a dialogical practice among a group of selected stakeholders seeking a logical solution that best addresses the criterion of maximizing reasonableness as a tempering of rationality with relational concerns in the face of the constraints imposed by the injury...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327224/stereotypes-violate-the-postmodern-construction-of-personal-autonomy
#17
Chris C Martin
Individual autonomy, as constructed in the postmodern era, is violated by stereotypes, which makes stereotype accuracy morally unpalatable. Yet people are clustered and homogenized by social forces, entailing some accuracy in stereotypes. This tension can be ameliorated by unveiling the constructed nature of autonomous selfhood, and explaining why social clustering has occurred and been adaptive.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#18
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793224/the-microbiome-of-the-built-environment-and-human-behavior-implications-for-emotional-health-and-well-being-in-postmodern-western-societies
#19
REVIEW
C E Stamper, A J Hoisington, O M Gomez, A L Halweg-Edwards, D G Smith, K L Bates, K A Kinney, T T Postolache, L A Brenner, G A W Rook, C A Lowry
It is increasingly evident that inflammation is an important determinant of cognitive function and emotional behaviors that are dysregulated in stress-related psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and affective disorders. Inflammatory responses to physical or psychological stressors are dependent on immunoregulation, which is indicated by a balanced expansion of effector T-cell populations and regulatory T cells. This balance is in part driven by microbial signals. The hygiene or "old friends" hypothesis posits that exposure to immunoregulation-inducing microorganisms is reduced in modern urban societies, leading to an epidemic of inflammatory disease and increased vulnerability to stress-related psychiatric disorders...
2016: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730737/the-digital-generation-and-nursing-robotics-a-netnographic-study-about-nursing-care-robots-posted-on-social-media
#20
Henrik Eriksson, Martin Salzmann-Erikson
The aim of this study was to present the functionality and design of nursing care robots as depicted in pictures posted on social media. A netnographic study was conducted using social media postings over a period of 3 years. One hundred and Seventy-two images were analyzed using netnographic methodology. The findings show that nursing care robots exist in various designs and functionalities, all with a common denominator of supporting the care of one's own and others' health and/or well-being as a main function...
April 2017: Nursing Inquiry
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