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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583052/two-postmodernisms-in-rheumatology
#1
Hasan Yazici
While randomization is an essential tool of data collection and interpretation, it can be misused. One such misuse is using a subgroup of a data set for validation purposes after randomizing the whole data set into two groups after which we attempt to validate the outcome data from one group with the outcome in the other. This surely validates only the randomization process. Two examples are given from disease criteria reports from Behçet's syndrome and gout. P-values are misunderstood and misused, and this is usually in the direction of investigators trying to show significant differences in their studies...
April 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499043/bioethics-and-transhumanism
#2
Allen Porter
Transhumanism is a "technoprogressive" socio-political and intellectual movement that advocates for the use of technology in order to transform the human organism radically, with the ultimate goal of becoming "posthuman." To this end, transhumanists focus on and encourage the use of new and emerging technologies, such as genetic engineering and brain-machine interfaces. In support of their vision for humanity, and as a way of reassuring those "bioconservatives" who may balk at the radical nature of that vision, transhumanists claim common ground with a number of esteemed thinkers and traditions, from the ancient philosophy of Plato and Aristotle to the postmodern philosophy of Nietzsche...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488264/the-primacy-of-discourse-in-the-study-of-gender-in-family-therapy
#3
Olga Sutherland, Andrea LaMarre, Carla Rice
Family therapists and scholars increasingly adopt poststructural and postmodern conceptions of social reality, challenging the notion of stable, universal dynamics within family members and families and favoring a view of reality as produced through social interaction. In the study of gender and diversity, many envision differences as social constructed rather than as "residing" in people or groups. There is a growing interest in discourse or people's everyday use of language and how it may reflect and advance interests of dominant groups in a society...
May 10, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468022/from-conflict-and-misunderstanding-to-respect
#4
Ivan Cvitković
Sociologists of the 19(th) and the 20(th) centuries were tackling the relation between science and religion. A few models of these relations were offered, by which the monopoly over the truth by any one of those is crashed. Therefore, there are a few models but each is with lots of limitations. None is sufficient to explain the relation between the science and religion, but each contributes to certain extent to better understanding of those relations. Almost every one of the interpretations was under the influence of the social (particularly ideological and political) conditions in which they were emerging...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390521/toward-a-postmodern-pragmatic-discourse-semioethics-for-brain-injury-care-empirically-driven-group-inquiry-as-a-dialogical-practice-in-pursuit-of-the-peircean-aesthetic-ideal-of%C3%A2-reasonableness
#5
REVIEW
Gary Goldberg
A postmodern framework is proposed for conceptualizing the impact of brain injury on the subjective being of the injured person. Semiosis, the 'action of signs,' is argued as necessary for this recovery of subjectivity that escapes the mechanistic materialism and mind-matter dualism of modern science. Ethical dilemmas in brain injury care are best approached through an empirical 'semioethics' implemented as a dialogical practice among a group of selected stakeholders seeking a logical solution that best addresses the criterion of maximizing reasonableness as a tempering of rationality with relational concerns in the face of the constraints imposed by the injury...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327224/stereotypes-violate-the-postmodern-construction-of-personal-autonomy
#6
Chris C Martin
Individual autonomy, as constructed in the postmodern era, is violated by stereotypes, which makes stereotype accuracy morally unpalatable. Yet people are clustered and homogenized by social forces, entailing some accuracy in stereotypes. This tension can be ameliorated by unveiling the constructed nature of autonomous selfhood, and explaining why social clustering has occurred and been adaptive.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#7
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793224/the-microbiome-of-the-built-environment-and-human-behavior-implications-for-emotional-health-and-well-being-in-postmodern-western-societies
#8
C E Stamper, A J Hoisington, O M Gomez, A L Halweg-Edwards, D G Smith, K L Bates, K A Kinney, T T Postolache, L A Brenner, G A W Rook, C A Lowry
It is increasingly evident that inflammation is an important determinant of cognitive function and emotional behaviors that are dysregulated in stress-related psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and affective disorders. Inflammatory responses to physical or psychological stressors are dependent on immunoregulation, which is indicated by a balanced expansion of effector T-cell populations and regulatory T cells. This balance is in part driven by microbial signals. The hygiene or "old friends" hypothesis posits that exposure to immunoregulation-inducing microorganisms is reduced in modern urban societies, leading to an epidemic of inflammatory disease and increased vulnerability to stress-related psychiatric disorders...
2016: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730737/the-digital-generation-and-nursing-robotics-a-netnographic-study-about-nursing-care-robots-posted-on-social-media
#9
Henrik Eriksson, Martin Salzmann-Erikson
The aim of this study was to present the functionality and design of nursing care robots as depicted in pictures posted on social media. A netnographic study was conducted using social media postings over a period of 3 years. One hundred and Seventy-two images were analyzed using netnographic methodology. The findings show that nursing care robots exist in various designs and functionalities, all with a common denominator of supporting the care of one's own and others' health and/or well-being as a main function...
April 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692691/targeted-methylation-sequencing-reveals-dysregulated-wnt-signaling-in-parkinson-disease
#10
Lusi Zhang, Jie Deng, Qian Pan, Yan Zhan, Jian-Bing Fan, Kun Zhang, Zhuohua Zhang
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative movement disorder. Both environmental and genetic factors play important roles in PD etiology. A number of environmental toxins cause parkinsonism in human and animal models. Genetic studies of rare early onset familial PD cases resulted in identification of disease-linked mutations in multiple genes. Nevertheless, the potential interaction between environment and genetics in PD pathogenesis remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that environmental factors induce abnormal epigenetic regulation that is involved in the pathogenesis of both familial and sporadic PD...
May 13, 2016: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637727/scientists-should-oppose-the-drive-of-postmodern-ideology
#11
Marcel Kuntz
The National Academies of Sciences of the USA recently published a report entitled Gene Drive on the Horizon. This commentary discusses the 'Aligning Research with Public Values' aspects in this report, the topic of public engagement, and the worrying ideological shift towards postmodernism which aims to deconstruct Enlightenment values.
December 2016: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548240/quantifying-mosaic-development-towards-an-evo-devo-postmodern-synthesis-of-the-evolution-of-development-via-differentiation-trees-of-embryos
#12
Bradly Alicea, Richard Gordon
Embryonic development proceeds through a series of differentiation events. The mosaic version of this process (binary cell divisions) can be analyzed by comparing early development of Ciona intestinalis and Caenorhabditis elegans. To do this, we reorganize lineage trees into differentiation trees using the graph theory ordering of relative cell volume. Lineage and differentiation trees provide us with means to classify each cell using binary codes. Extracting data characterizing lineage tree position, cell volume, and nucleus position for each cell during early embryogenesis, we conduct several statistical analyses, both within and between taxa...
August 18, 2016: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461344/first-contact-acute-stress-reactions-and-experiences-of-emergency-department-consultations-following-an-incident-of-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Philippa Olive
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to explore women's emotional and affective responses following an incident of intimate partner violence experienced during emergency department attendances. BACKGROUND: A growing body of research has explored women's experiences of emergency departments following intimate partner violence still little remains known about the experience and impact of emotional and affective responses during these attendances. DESIGN: A descriptive qualitative design was used, underpinned theoretically by critical realism and postmodern complexity theory to attend to multiple, intersecting mechanisms that lie behind events and experiences...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455058/future-challenges-of-robotics-and-artificial-intelligence-in-nursing-what-can-we-learn-from-monsters-in-popular-culture
#14
Henrik Erikson, Martin Salzmann-Erikson
It is highly likely that artificial intelligence (AI) will be implemented in nursing robotics in various forms, both in medical and surgical robotic instruments, but also as different types of droids and humanoids, physical reinforcements, and also animal/pet robots. Exploring and discussing AI and robotics in nursing and health care before these tools become commonplace is of great importance. We propose that monsters in popular culture might be studied with the hope of learning about situations and relationships that generate empathic capacities in their monstrous existences...
December 0: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443944/navigating-critical-theory-and-postmodernism-social-justice-and-therapist-power-in-family-therapy
#15
Justine D'Arrigo-Patrick, Chris Hoff, Carmen Knudson-Martin, Amy Tuttle
The family therapy field encourages commitment to diversity and social justice, but offers varying ideas about how to attentively consider these issues. Critical informed models advocate activism, whereas postmodern informed models encourage multiple perspectives. It is often not clear how activism and an emphasis on multiple perspectives connect, engendering the sense that critical and postmodern practices may be disparate. To understand how therapists negotiate these perspectives in practice, this qualitative grounded theory analysis drew on interviews with 11 therapists, each known for their work from both critical and postmodern perspectives...
July 21, 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311259/-different-philosophical-traditions-for-knowledge-development-in-nursing-sciences
#16
Ariane Ballard, Christelle Khadra, Sylvie Le May, Sylvie Gendron
INTRODUCTION: doctoral studies in nursing engage a critical reflections about philosophical traditions inherent to knowledge development. BACKGROUND: critical realism, hermeneutics, postmodernism and poststructuralism refer to philosophical traditions that are generally less explored in nursing, although they are attracting greater attention. OBJECTIVE: this paper offers an introductory presentation to these traditions as the authors also reflect upon their contribution to nursing knowledge development in...
March 2016: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27203787/new-sophistry-self-deception-in-the-nursing-academy
#17
Bernard M Garrett
In this essay, I advance an argument against the expansion and acceptance of postmodern metaphysical antirealist ideologies in the development of nursing theory in North America. I suggest mystical theoretical explanations of care, the rejection of empirical epistemology, and a return to divinity in nursing represent an intellectual dead end, as these ideas do little to help resolve real-world health issues and also negate the need for the academic discrimination of bad ideas. I examine some of the philosophical foundations of nursing theory and deconstruct some of the more preternatural theories that have become established as the dominant conventional wisdom in the academy...
July 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050116/connectivity-an-emerging-concept-for-physiotherapy-practice
#18
David A Nicholls, Karen Atkinson, Wenche S Bjorbækmo, Barbara E Gibson, Julie Latchem, Jens Olesen, Jenny Ralls, Jennifer Setchell
Having spent their first century anchored to a biomedical model of practice, physiotherapists have been increasingly interested in exploring new models and concepts that will better equip them for serving the health-care needs of 21st century clients/patients. Connectivity offers one such model. With an extensive philosophical background in phenomenology, symbolic interactionism, structuralism, and postmodern research, connectivity resists the prevailing western biomedical view that health professionals should aim to increase people's independence and autonomy, preferring instead to identify and amplify opportunities for collaboration and co-dependence...
2016: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26988694/-is-she-alive-is-she-dead-representations-of-chronic-disorders-of-consciousness-in-douglas-coupland-s-girlfriend-in-a-coma
#19
Matthew Colbeck
Depictions of coma have come to dominate literary and filmic texts over the last half century, a phenomenon coinciding with advancements in medical technology that have led to remarkable increases in the survival rates of patients with chronic disorders of consciousness. Authors of coma fiction are preoccupied with the imagined subjective experience of coma, often creating complex, dream-like worlds from which the protagonist must escape if survival is to be achieved. However, such representations appear to conflict with medical case studies and patient narratives that reveal that most often survivors of coma have no recollection of the coma itself...
September 2016: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26893129/the-wounded-blogger-analysis-of-narratives-by-women-with-breast-cancer
#20
Gerard Coll-Planas, Mariona Visa
The purpose of this article is to analyse the representation of the body in seven blogs by Spanish women with breast cancer. Using both texts and images, we analyse how they reproduce modern and postmodern logic to represent the wounded body. Based on Frank's proposals, this article draws the conclusion that the women bloggers mainly reproduce the modern logic (characterised by the restitution narrative and a predictable, disassociated and monadic body), but there are elements which break with this logic (the quest narrative, the body presented as associated, dyadic and full of desire, and the acceptance of contingency)...
July 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
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