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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806318/-effectiveness-comparison-of-titanium-elastic-nail-and-locking-compression-plate-fixation-in-treating-femoral-subtrochanteric-fractures-in-older-children
#1
Xuepeng Xu, Xiaobo Lu, Leiming Luo, Xihai Zhang, Yuanhui Wang
Objective: To compare the effectiveness of titanium elastic nail (TEN) and locking compression plate fixation in treating femoral subtrochanteric fracture in older children. Methods: Between April 2015 and September 2016, 35 older children (aged 7-13 years) with femoral subtrochanteric fractures were treated, the clinical data were retrospectively reviewed. TEN fixation was used in 19 cases (group A) and locking compression plate fixation in 16 cases (group B). There was no significant difference in age, gender, sides, fracture causes, type of fracture, and time from injury to operation between 2 groups ( P >0...
October 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794955/early-functional-treatment-of-proximal-phalanx-fractures-in-children-a-case-series-study
#2
Stefan Bohr, Toghrul Mammadli
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess proper indications a nonsurgical treatment regime for pediatric fractures of the proximal phalanx based on principles of early functional treatment. METHODS: A case series (evidence level 4) of 30 pediatric patients with fractures of the proximal phalanx were treated nonsurgically using protective dynamic splinting techniques and fiberglass casting material. Assessments were performed clinically and by x-ray within 4 to 8 weeks of commencement of treatment...
May 23, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706729/use-of-a-multivector-mandibular-distractor-for-treatment-of-pediatric-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-pilon-fractures-a-case-based-review
#3
Rachel Pedreira, Brian H Cho, Angela Geer, Ramon A DeJesus
Background: The difficulties in surgical treatment of pilon fractures of the finger include fragment reconstitution and posthealing stiffness. In adults, external fixation with traction and early active range of motion (AROM)/passive range of motion (PROM) during healing is considered necessary for avoiding joint stiffness and attaining realignment. The authors present a unique approach to pediatric pilon fractures that uses open reduction and multivector external fixation with delayed AROM/PROM...
April 2018: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698292/does-the-watson-jones-or-modified-smith-petersen-approach-provide-superior-exposure-for-femoral-neck-fracture-fixation
#4
Paul M Lichstein, John P Kleimeyer, Michael Githens, John S Vorhies, Michael J Gardner, Michael Bellino, Julius Bishop
BACKGROUND: A well-reduced femoral neck fracture is more likely to heal than a poorly reduced one, and increasing the quality of the surgical exposure makes it easier to achieve anatomic fracture reduction. Two open approaches are in common use for femoral neck fractures, the modified Smith-Petersen and Watson-Jones; however, to our knowledge, the quality of exposure of the femoral neck exposure provided by each approach has not been investigated. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What is the respective area of exposed femoral neck afforded by the Watson-Jones and modified Smith-Petersen approaches? (2) Is there a difference in the ability to visualize and/or palpate important anatomic landmarks provided by the Watson-Jones and modified Smith-Petersen approaches? METHODS: Ten fresh-frozen human pelvi underwent both modified Smith-Petersen (utilizing the caudal extent of the standard Smith-Petersen interval distal to the anterosuperior iliac spine and parallel to the palpable interval between the tensor fascia lata and the sartorius) and Watson-Jones approaches...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686900/are-unnecessary-serial-radiographs-being-ordered-in-children-with-distal-radius-buckle-fractures
#5
Shi-Neng James Ling, Aidan J Cleary
Background. Torus or buckle distal radius fractures are common injuries in the pediatric population. By definition, they are stable and can be treated conservatively with a wrist splint or soft crepe bandage. Objective. The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of serial radiographs in the clinical outcome of children with stable distal radius buckle fractures. Materials and Methods. A one-month retrospective analysis was undertaken at two major hospitals in Queensland-Logan and Redlands Hospital...
2018: Radiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679137/ten-versus-external-fixator-in-the-management-of-pediatric-diaphyseal-femoral-fractures-evaluation-of-the-outcomes
#6
Giuseppe Rollo, Pasquale Guida, Michele Bisaccia, Paolo Pichierri, Marco Filipponi, Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Auro Caraffa, Alessandro Stasi, Valentina Russi, Domenico Lupariello, Luigi Meccariello
INTRODUCTION: Over the last 20 years, the incidence of pediatric diaphyseal femoral fractures was increased, due to changes in the children's daily activities. The healing times are different according to the chosen treatment and to other factors such as age, type of fracture, involvement of the soft tissues, and concomitance with other injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2000 to 2015, 38 pediatric patients with diaphyseal femoral fractures were surgically treated and enrolled in the study...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664878/c2-translaminar-screw-fixation-in-children
#7
Brian W Yang, Michael P Glotzbecker, Michael Troy, Mark R Proctor, Michael T Hresko, Daniel J Hedequist
BACKGROUND: Axis (C2) screw fixation has been shown to be effective in treating disorders that necessitate cervical stabilization. Although translaminar C2 screws have demonstrated clinical efficacy in adults, this technique has not yet been thoroughly investigated in children. This study describes the indications, technique, and results of translaminar C2 screw fixation in a case series of pediatric cervical spine disorders. METHODS: We searched the orthopaedic database at our institution for patients who had undergone a cervical spinal fusion that encompassed C2 between 2007 and 2017...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661673/the-use-of-pediatric-flexible-intramedullary-nails-for-minimally-invasive-fibular-fracture-fixation
#8
James C Connors, Mark A Hardy, Duane J Ehredt, Michael A Coyer
Fibular fractures in the setting of an unstable ankle joint require surgical fixation; however, several factors contradict open surgical correction. Severe soft tissue compromise can delay adequate fracture reduction and preclude the standard incisional approach. The soft tissue envelope in the setting of obesity, diabetes, and/or peripheral vascular disease further complicates definitive treatment. Poorly timed open fixation can lead to delayed healing of the incision site, with wound breakdown and the potential for hardware failure...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628708/management-of-displaced-midshaft-clavicle-fractures-in-adolescent-patients-using-intramedullary-flexible-nails-a-case-series
#9
Emmanuel D Eisenstein, Jennifer J Misenhimer, Ahmed Kotb, Ahmed M Thabet, Amr A Abdelgawad
Introduction: Clavicle fractures are common injuries in adolescent patients. In this study we present our technique and results for treating non-comminuted displaced midshaft clavicle fractures using flexible intra medullary nails. Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data using the electronic medical record was performed. Adolescent patients presenting to a level one pediatric trauma center with acute displaced non comminuted clavicular shaft fractures who were treated with intra medullary flexible nails were included in this study...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601461/pediatric-forefoot-fractures-assessment-of-fracture-patterns-and-predictors-of-complicated-outcome
#10
Rodrick K Lim, Bridgette Gerson, Jamie A Seabrook, Jaime Reardon, Naveen Poonai
BACKGROUND: Forefoot fractures account for 6% to 10% of fractures in children, and although the majority heals with supportive treatment, complications may lead to pain and disability. No previous study in children has evaluated complication risk in the emergency department based on initial assessment characteristics. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to identify the radiological and clinical variables that increase the complication rate of pediatric forefoot fractures...
April 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589455/-supracondylar-fracture-of-the-humerus-in-childhood
#11
P Havránek, T Pešl, J Hendrych, M Kučerová
INTRODUCTION: Supracondylar fracture of the humerus can be considered the most serious fracture in childhood. Problems with its diagnostics and treatment as well as its complications and sequels have not been fully solved yet. That is evidenced by a large amount of articles with frequently inconsistent conclusions. The aim is to evaluate contemporary diagnostic and therapeutic approach based on our own clinical experience. METHODS: A total of 2847 children with skeletal injury were treated by the authors during the year 2016...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440906/percutaneous-autologous-bone-marrow-transplantation-for-the-treatment-of-delayed-union-of-limb-bone-in-children
#12
Jun Wu, Hongxi Guo, Xing Liu, Ming Li, Yujiang Cao, Xiangyang Qu, Hai Zhou, Liuqi Weng
Background and purpose: Percutaneous autologous bone marrow transplantation (PABMT) is a minimally invasive therapeutic strategy for the treatment of delayed bone union in adults, which has been confirmed by many studies. However, there is no report on PABMT application in pediatric orthopedic surgery. The aim of this article was to analyze the therapeutic effect of PABMT in children with delayed union of limb bone and its influence in relation to delayed bone union therapy, transplantation period, patients' sex, fracture location, and fracture fixation...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432321/evaluation-of-intramedullary-fixation-for-pediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures-in-developing-countries
#13
Andrew T Chen, William Z Morris, Lewis G Zirkle, Raymond W Liu
OBJECTIVES: To report the clinical results following treatment of pediatric femoral shaft fractures with the SIGN Fracture Care International (SIGN) pediatric and standard fin nails. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospectively collected data SETTING:: Sixteen global SIGN centers from 2003-2013 PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: One hundred and twelve pediatric patients who sustained a diaphyseal pediatric femoral shaft fracture INTERVENTION:: Intramedullary fixation with the standard or pediatric SIGN nail MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS:: Main outcome measurements include clinical and radiographic healing and postoperative complications RESULTS:: The mean age of the pediatric fin patients was 9...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430494/elastic-stable-intramedullary-nailing-of-femoral-shaft-fracture-experience-in-48-children
#14
Rajesh Govindasamy, Ramkumar Gnanasundaram, Saravanan Kasirajan, Syed Ibrahim, Jimmy Joseph Melepuram
Background: Femoral shaft fractures are an incapacitating pediatric injury accounting for 1.6% of all pediatric bony injuries. Management of these fractures is largely directed by age, fracture pattern, associated injuries, built of the child and socioeconomic status of the family. We retrospectively evaluated the use of elastic stable intramedullary nail (ESIN) in surgical management of femoral shaft fractures in children and its complications. Methods: Fifty two children were treated with titanium elastic nails (TEN) from June 2009 to June 2014 at our institution...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424161/-application-of-convolute-manipulation-for-the-treatment-of-femoral-fractures-in-children
#15
Jian-Guo Xu, Xin Xu, Jun-Hui Yu, Su-Ye Miao, Su-Jian Miao, Jing Wu
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the application of convoluted manipulation in pediatric femoral fractures. METHODS: From March 2015 to October 2016, 12 children with femoral fractures were treated by Chinese traditional manipulation including 8 males and 4 females with an average age of 6 years old ranging from 1 to 12 years old. The causes of injury were falls in 10 cases and traffic accidents in 2 cases. Of which 1 case was transverse fractures, 4 cases were oblique fractures and 4 cases were spiral fractures, 2 cases were comminuted fracture, 1 case was greenstick fracture...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424151/-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures-in-children-with-closed-reduction-and-external-fixation
#16
Chao-Feng Zhao, Quan-Yang Gao, Tian-Jian Zhang, Lu-Li Han, Jun-Feng Zhao, Gang Chen, Yu Cui
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of closed reduction and minimally invasive treatment of humeral shaft fractures in children. METHODS: From July 2011 to April 2015, 39 cases of pediatric humeral shaft fractures were treated by closed reduction and external fixation, including 27 males and 12 females with a mean age of 8.6 years old ranging from 3 to 14 years old. Time from injury to the treatment was 2 h to 7 days with an average of 2.7 days. There were 6 cases of upper fracture, 21 cases of middle fracture and 12 cases of lower fracture...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409070/orthopaedic-fixation-devices-used-in-children-a-radiologist-s-guide
#17
Hailey Allen, Kirkland W Davis, Kenneth Noonan, Yoshimi Endo, Jie C Nguyen
Fractures are common in children with some requiring surgical reduction and fixation to maintain anatomical alignment. Although various surgical techniques and principles are shared between children and adults, certain unique considerations in children can influence the surgical approach and device selection. In particular, for skeletally immature children, it is of utmost importance to protect certain critical open growth plates because permanent injury can produce severe growth disturbances. The often robust healing response and potential limited patient compliance can also influence the treatment algorithm and decision making...
February 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383281/spontaneous-healing-of-a-pediatric-scaphoid-proximal-pole-fracture-nonunion
#18
Neal Rupani, Nicholas Riley, Ian McNab
Background  Scaphoid fractures in the pediatric population are rare. The majority of nondisplaced fractures tend to unite; however, there is an increased risk of nonunion in proximal pole fractures. Limited evidence exists in their outcomes, owing to the scarcity of the fracture pattern. Case Description  A 13-year-old boy who presented late after developing a traumatic proximal pole scaphoid fracture developed nonunion. He was treated conservatively owing to it being asymptomatic and developed union at 18 months...
February 2018: Journal of Wrist Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319378/nonhealing-orbital-floor-fracture-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-unique-presentation-of-pseudo-silent-sinus-syndrome
#19
Siwei Zhou, Katherine Duncan, S Tonya Stefko
Silent sinus syndrome was first described as spontaneous enophthalmos and hypoglobus associated with subclinical maxillary sinusitis without prior trauma or surgery. This clinical entity has later been described after trauma in which damage to the ostiomeatal complex leads to atelectasis of the maxillary sinus. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who presented 4 years after sustaining a non-operative orbital floor fracture with enophthalmos and transient diplopia. Computed tomography (CT) demonstrated enlargement in size of the original orbital floor fracture and bilateral maxillary sinus disease...
January 10, 2018: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285334/bisphosphonates-therapy-in-children-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-clinical-experience-in-oral-surgery
#20
G Ierardo, M Bossù, G D'Angeli, M Celli, G Sfasciotti
Objectives: To define the possible complications of oral surgery in childhood in patients affected by type 1 Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and treated with bisphosphonates (BP). Methods: The study was conducted among 20 patients in childhood with an age range 8-14 (12 ♂ e 8 ♀) affected by OI. Patients were initially evaluated at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Rare Disease Center Skeletal Dysplasia-Bone Metabolic Pathologies and after at the Policlinico Umberto I, University Hospital of Rome, Head and Neck Department, UOC Pediatric Dentistry...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
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