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Pediatric + fracture + healing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817534/radius-regeneration-after-open-fracture-and-extrusion-a-case-report
#1
Kristopher B McCall, David Y Chong
A pediatric patient presenting with an open forearm fracture with segmental defect is rare, and the pediatric orthopedic literature to guide treatment is sparse. There are several described methods to treat the defect, including bone grafting and bone transport techniques. In addition, there are reports of fibular regeneration after resection if the periosteum is left intact. We present a case report of complete regeneration of over half of a pediatric radial shaft with an intact periosteum, after traumatic extrusion from an open fracture...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777278/elastic-intramedullary-nailing-versus-open-reduction-internal-fixation-of-pediatric-tibial-shaft-fractures
#2
Andrew T Pennock, Tracey P Bastrom, Vidyadhar V Upasani
BACKGROUND: The optimal fixation strategy for unstable pediatric tibia fractures is unclear with some favoring elastic intramedullary nails (EIN) and others favoring plate and screws [open reduction internal fixation (ORIF)]. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes and complications of skeletally immature patients undergoing surgical stabilization of the tibia with either EIN or ORIF. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on all patients undergoing EIN or ORIF of a diaphyseal fracture at a single pediatric level I trauma center between 2010 and 2016...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763414/capitellar-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-classification-and-early-results-of-treatment
#3
Praveen G Murthy, Carley Vuillermin, Manahil N Naqvi, Peter M Waters, Donald S Bae
BACKGROUND: There has been limited published information regarding capitellar fractures in the pediatric population. The purpose of this investigation was to characterize capitellar fracture patterns in children and adolescents and to assess early clinical and radiographic treatment outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 37 children and adolescents with capitellar fractures presenting to a tertiary pediatric hospital from 2004 to 2014 was performed. The mean patient age at the time of injury was 11...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720982/single-incision-pediatric-flexible-intramedullary-tibial-nailing
#4
John G Coury, Zachary C Lum, Nicholas P O'Neill, Joseph A Gerardi
BACKGROUND: There has been a trend towards flexible intramedullary nailing for unstable tibial shaft fractures in the pediatric population, traditionally, utilizing a 2-incision technique with passage of one nail medially and one nail laterally. Our study aims to compare a single incision approach for flexible nailing of unstable tibial shaft fractures in pediatric patients to the traditional 2-incision approach. METHODS: Patients were selected for operative fixation if they had a length unstable tibial shaft fracture confirmed by fluoroscopy...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699149/is-the-clavicula-pro-humero-technique-of-value-for-reconstruction-after-resection-of-the-proximal-humerus-in-children
#5
Dominique Barbier, Benoît De Billy, Philippe Gicquel, Sophie Bourelle, Pierre Journeau
BACKGROUND: There are several options for reconstruction of proximal humerus resections after wide resection for malignant tumors in children. The clavicula pro humero technique is a biologic option that has been used in the past, but there are only scant case reports and small series that comment on the results of the procedure. Because the longevity of children mandates a reconstruction with potential longevity not likely to be achieved by other techniques, the clavicula pro humero technique may be a potential option in selected patients...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654505/avulsion-of-the-anterior-inferior-iliac-spine-rehabilitation-in-a-rural-private-practice
#6
Damon Burn
An unusual case is presented of an 11-year-old girl presenting for treatment to a semirural private physical therapy practice, not specializing in pediatric care, following an avulsion fracture of the anterior inferior iliac spine. The patient presented initially non-weight-bearing, with little hip movement due to pain. Following treatment, the patient returned to preinjury status including return to full participation in netball. A review of the literature regarding healing and rehabilitation is described...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605024/a-unique-type-of-birth-trauma-mistaken-for-abuse
#7
Carolyn V Isaac, Jered B Cornelison, Rudolph J Castellani, Joyce L deJong
Pediatric abusive head trauma is a challenging subject across many disciplines. Of particular importance is the identification of mimics of abuse, so cause and manner of death can be properly assigned. We present the case of suspected child abuse involving an infant who presented unresponsive to the hospital with hypoglycemia, hypothermia, and bilateral parietal fractures. An autopsy revealed fractures associated with organizing scalp hemorrhage and gross leptomeningeal congestion and hemorrhage. The fractures were circular with external displacement, rounded margins, and subperiosteal new bone formation indicative of healing...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601180/musculoskeletal-traumatic-injuries-in-children-characteristic-imaging-findings-and-mimickers
#8
REVIEW
Victor M Ho-Fung, Matthew A Zapala, Edward Y Lee
Musculoskeletal traumatic injuries in children demonstrate characteristic imaging findings. The physis is the most susceptible structure to traumatic injury. The periosteum in children plays a key role in rapid bone healing and stability. The main complications of fractures in children are premature physeal closure, potential limb length discrepancy, and angular deformities. Understanding the normal bone growth, healing, and complications of pediatric fractures is crucial for appropriate imaging diagnosis. This article discusses currently available imaging modalities with up-to-date techniques, underlying mechanisms, and characteristic imaging findings of musculoskeletal traumatic injuries and mimickers encountered in daily clinical practice...
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599231/open-and-contaminated-pediatric-pelvic-ring-injury-case-report-fixation-without-metal
#9
Brian R Dilworth, John T Riehl
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic fractures are relatively uncommon in children, accounting for 0.3-7.5% of all pediatric injuries (Gänsslen et al., 2013; Ismail et al., 1996; Peltier, 1965; Galano et al., 2005; Spiguel et al., 2006). This case report describes a pediatric open pelvic injury caused by a crush mechanism between a car and guardrail. CASE: A 13year old male presented with an open APC 3 pelvic injury after being pinned between a car and guardrail. His definitive treatment included bilateral SI screw placement, as well as a less invasive method for anterior pelvic ring disruption (Internal Brace suture anchor dynamic fixation)...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594519/pediatric-scaphoid-fractures
#10
Beverlie Ting, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Joshua M Abzug, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick, Donald S Bae
Scaphoid fractures are the most common type of carpal injuries that occur in children and adolescents. The injury pattern seen in children and adolescents who have scaphoid fractures has recently shifted to resemble that of adults who have scaphoid fractures, with scaphoid waist fractures being the most common injury pattern. This shift has been attributed to increased body mass index in children and adolescents as well as more intense participation in extreme sports by both children and adolescents. The diagnosis of scaphoid fractures is based on both a clinical examination and radiographic fi ndings...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593359/guided-growth-for-valgus-deformity-correction-of-knees-in-a-girl-with-osteopetrosis-a-case-report
#11
Dmitry Popkov
Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (Albers-Schönberg disease) classically displays the radiographic signs of osteosclerosis. The main ADO complications involve the skeleton: low-impact bone fractures, scoliosis and hip osteoarthritis. Management of osteopetrosis-related orthopedic problems is a surgical challenge due to increased bone density. The healing process is very slow in these patients because of bone remodeling defects related to osteoblast function failure. In case of bone deformities, a realignment method should be appropriated to osteopetrosis conditions...
June 7, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593062/elastic-intramedullary-nailing-of-a-medial-clavicle-fracture-in-a-pediatric-patient
#12
Michael J Stark, Michael J DeFranco
INTRODUCTION: Injuries to the medial clavicle in pediatric patients typically involve the physis and/or sternoclavicular joint. Clavicle fractures are one of the most common injuries in children, but ones at its medial end are rare. Most medial clavicle fractures are treated nonoperatively, but surgery is indicated in some cases. This original case report is unique in describing the use of an elastic intramedullary nail for fixation of a completely displaced medial clavicle fracture in a pediatric patient...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585999/treatment-of-a-pediatric-t-type-intercondylar-humerus-fracture-with-hybrid-percutaneous-pinning-and-external-fixation
#13
D Alex Stroh, Brian T Sullivan, Brett A Shannon, Paul D Sponseller
T-type intercondylar fractures of the distal humerus are rare injuries in skeletally immature patients. Few studies are available to guide the treatment of these injuries. Small case series and expert recommendations suggest superiority of the open approach for direct reduction of the articular surface. This approach poses risks of vascular compromise and elbow stiffness. However, success with percutaneous intercondylar screw fixation has been described for simple split patterns. The authors present a case that illustrates a novel percutaneous technique to treat this fracture type...
June 6, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577782/orthobiologics-in-pediatric-sports-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Christopher C Bray, Clark M Walker, David D Spence
Orthobiologics are biological substances that allow injured muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bone to heal more quickly. They are found naturally in the body; at higher concentrations they can aid in the healing process. These substances include autograft bone, allograft bone, demineralized bone matrix, bone morphogenic proteins, growth factors, stem cells, plasma-rich protein, and ceramic grafts. Their use in sports medicine has exploded in efforts to increase graft incorporation, stimulate healing, and get athletes back to sport with problems including anterior cruciate ligament ruptures, tendon ruptures, cartilage injuries, and fractures...
July 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577781/orthobiologics-in-pediatric-orthopedics
#15
REVIEW
Robert F Murphy, James F Mooney
Orthobiologics are biologic devices or products used in orthopedic surgery to augment or enhance bone formation. The use of orthobiologics in pediatric orthopedics is less frequent than in other orthopedic subspecialties, mainly due to the naturally abundant healing potential and bone formation in children compared with adults. However, orthobiologics are used in certain situations in pediatric orthopedics, particularly in spine and foot surgery. Other uses have been reported in conjunction with specific procedures involving the tibia and pelvis...
July 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548996/distal-junctional-failure-following-pediatric-spinal-fusion
#16
Lorena V Floccari, Alvin W Su, Amy L McIntosh, Karl Rathjen, William J Shaughnessy, A Noelle Larson
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment pathology is a known complication after spinal fusion, but little has been reported on junctional failure. A series of adolescent patients presented with acute distal junctional failure (DJF). We sought to determine any common features of these patients to develop a prevention strategy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of pediatric patients who developed DJF after instrumented spinal fusion performed at 2 institutions from 1999 to 2013...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520680/acute-pediatric-monteggia-fractures-a-conservative-approach-to-stabilization
#17
Ian Foran, Vidyadhar V Upasani, Charles D Wallace, Elise Britt, Tracey P Bastrom, James D Bomar, Andrew T Pennock
BACKGROUND: In 2015, a multicenter study group proposed a treatment algorithm for pediatric Monteggia fractures based upon the ulnar fracture pattern. This strategy recommends surgical stabilization for all complete ulna fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether an initial nonoperative approach to pediatric Monteggia fractures resulted in poorer outcomes and a higher rate of complications. METHODS: This institutional review board approved retrospective study evaluated all Monteggia fractures presenting to a level 1 pediatric trauma center between 2008 and 2014...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391380/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-is-effective-for-progressive-stage-lumbar-spondylolysis-with-mri-high-signal-change
#18
Hideyuki Arima, Yoshiji Suzuki, Daisuke Togawa, Yuki Mihara, Hideyuki Murata, Yukihiro Matsuyama
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the treatment effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on progressive-stage spondylolysis. Spondylolysis is a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis. Based on the results of computed tomography, spondylolysis was classified into three categories: early, progressive, and terminal. Bone healing was prolonged or not obtained in progressive-stage spondylolysis. The progression of spondylolysis to nonunion has been associated with an increased incidence of spondylolisthesis...
April 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302282/traumatic-pelvic-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Christopher J DeFrancesco, Wudbhav N Sankar
Although traumatic pelvic fractures in children are relatively rare, these injuries are identified in about 5% of children admitted to level 1 trauma centers after blunt trauma.(1-4) Such injuries differ from adult pelvic fractures in important ways and require distinct strategies for management. While the associated mortality rate for children with pelvic fractures is much lower than that for adults, the patient may require urgent surgical intervention for associated life-threatening injuries such as head trauma and abdominal injury...
February 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291142/lower-extremity-avulsion-fractures-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-athlete
#20
Jonathan Schiller, Steven DeFroda, Travis Blood
Lower extremity avulsion fractures are uncommon in the pediatric population and can be misdiagnosed without proper imaging and/or clinical suspicion for these injuries. The most common locations of avulsion injuries are the ischial tuberosity, anterior superior iliac spine, and anterior inferior iliac spine. Less often, avulsion fractures occur in the tibial tubercle, calcaneus, and greater and lesser trochanters. When treated properly with rest and altered weight bearing, most of these injuries heal without complication...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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