keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric + fracture + healing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917331/percutaneous-cannulated-screw-fixation-for-pediatric-epiphyseal-ankle-fractures
#1
Özgür Çiçekli, Güzelali Özdemir, Mustafa Uysal, Vedat Biçici, İzzet Bingöl
BACKGROUND: Ankle injuries are among the most common injuries in children. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacies of two percutaneous fixation methods after closed reduction in physeal ankle fractures. METHODS: We reviewed the cases of 24 patients with a mean age of 12.29 years; 16 were male, and 8 were female. Only patients with fractures of Salter-Harris types 2, 3, and 4 with displacements greater than 2 mm were included in the study. Patients were treated with closed reduction manipulation and percutaneous screw fixation...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902636/risk-of-infection-and-secondary-displacement-in-pediatric-supracondylar-or-lateral-condyle-fractures-treated-with-unburied-kirchener-wires-removed-before-complete-bone-healing
#2
Sylvain Aubret, Thibaut Lecointe, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antonio Andreacchio, Bruno Pereira, Yann Philippe Charles, Federico Canavese
This study evaluated the risk of infection and of secondary displacement among children with displaced lateral condyle or supracondylar fractures treated by surgery. The study included a consecutive sample of 84 supracondylar fractures and 21 lateral condyle fractures treated with closed reduction and percutaneous pinning. The mean time to Kirchener wire removal was 29 days (range: 25-37 days) postsurgery. Two out of 105 (1.9%) patients developed infectious complications and two of 105 (1.9%) patients had a secondary displacement...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894835/reducing-resource-utilization-during-non-operative-treatment-of-pediatric-proximal-humerus-fractures
#3
A Z Gladstein, A T Schade, A W Howard, M W Camp
INTRODUCTION: The majority of proximal humeral fractures in the skeletally immature are treated non-operatively. Operative indications vary but are largely based on degree of displacement. Non-union is rare. Non-operatively treated fractures are typically monitored radiographically to assess healing. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that the decision to treat fractures operatively is made at the time of first imaging and that follow-up X-rays do not lead to a change in management...
November 25, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886872/pediatric-thoracolumbar-spine-trauma
#4
REVIEW
Visish Srinivasan, Andrew Jea
This article reviews thoracolumbar injury patterns that may be seen in children. Although much of the management of these injuries has been extrapolated from the adult literature, unique surgical and nonsurgical considerations in treating children with thoracolumbar spine fractures are discussed. In conclusion, most children achieve satisfactory outcomes in long-term follow-up after healing.
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861209/comparison-of-percutaneous-reduction-and-pin-fixation-in-acute-and-chronic-pediatric-mallet-fractures
#5
Manoj Reddy, Christine A Ho
BACKGROUND: Although pediatric mallet fractures are more common than adult fractures, no techniques have focused on surgical fixation of pediatric mallet fractures. This study aims to describe the technique and results of percutaneous reduction and fixation in acute and chronic pediatric mallet fractures. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 51 pediatric mallet fractures treated with percutaneous wire fixation from 2007 to 2014; 38 were acute fractures and 13 were chronic (>4 wk from injury)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849326/comparison-of-lateral-versus-triceps-splitting-posterior-approach-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fractures
#6
Faik Türkmen, Serdar Toker, Kayhan Kesik, İsmail Hakkı Korucu, Mehmet Ali Acar
BACKGROUND: Supracondylar humerus fracture is the most common fracture of the elbow in children. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning is considered to be the optimal treatment strategy; however, in some instances, open reduction may be necessary. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare clinical and functional results of triceps-splitting posterior versus lateral approach in pediatric supracondylar humerus fracture surgery. METHODS: A total of 38 patients underwent surgery; Group 1 consisted of 30 patients on whom posterior approach was used, while lateral approach was used on the 8 patients in Group 2...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824796/the-use-of-a-transolecranon-pin-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-flexion-type-supracondylar-humerus-fractures
#7
Brandon M Green, Joseph D Stone, Robert W Bruce, Nicholas D Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Flexion-type supracondylar humerus fractures are much more uncommon than their extension-type counterparts. Instability in elbow flexion renders traditional closed techniques inadequate and often results in the need for open reduction. We present a simple technique for closed reduction using a transolecranon pin for temporary stability. METHODS: A retrospective review of 9 patients treated with a transolecranon pin technique for a flexion-type supracondylar humerus fracture was performed...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751698/does-the-use-of-ibuprofen-in-children-with-extremity-fractures-increase-their-risk-for-bone-healing-complications
#8
Kerrin C DePeter, Stephen M Blumberg, Sarah Dienstag Becker, James A Meltzer
BACKGROUND: Despite being an effective analgesic for children with fractures, some clinicians may avoid prescribing ibuprofen due to its potentially harmful effect on bone healing. OBJECTIVE: To determine if exposure to ibuprofen is associated with an increased risk of bone healing complications in children with fractures. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of children aged 6 months to 17 years who presented to the pediatric emergency department (PED) with a fracture of the tibia, femur, humerus, scaphoid, or fifth metatarsus and who followed up with the orthopedic service...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728929/effects-of-glucocorticoids-on-bone-what-we-can-learn-from-pediatric-endogenous-cushing-s-syndrome
#9
L J W Tack, C Tatsi, C A Stratakis, M B Lodish
Chronic exposure to supraphysiologic levels of glucocorticoids (GCs) is associated with impaired bone mineral density, an increase in fracture rates, and, in growing children, compromised linear growth. GCs inhibit bone formation in part by decreasing the number of osteoblasts and by increasing bone resorption by stimulating osteoclasts. While GCs are used to treat many chronic diseases, it is difficult to isolate the effects of the steroids on the bone from the effects of the underlying disease itself. Investigation into the effects of GC exposure on the bone in endogenous Cushing syndrome have contributed to our understanding of bone microarchitecture, growth, healing, and regeneration...
November 2016: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684849/elastic-stable-intramedullary-nailing-for-severely-displaced-distal-tibial-fractures-in-children
#10
Kaiying Shen, Haiqing Cai, Zhigang Wang, Yunlan Xu
Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) has became a well-accepted method of osteosynthesis of diaphyseal fractures in the skeletally immature patient for many advantages, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the preliminary results of this minimally invasive treatment for severely displaced distal tibial diaphyseal metaphyseal junction (DTDMJ) fractures.This study was carried out over a 6-year period. Twenty-one severely displaced DTDMJ fractures treated using ESIN were evaluated clinically and radiographically...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641737/multiple-unexplained-fractures-in-infants-and-child-physical-abuse
#11
John Jacob Cannell, Michael F Holick
When an infant presents with X-rays showing multiple unexplained fractures in various stages of healing (MUFVSH), the child is usually diagnosed with child abuse based on criteria of the Academy of Pediatrics' Committee on Child Abuse and Neglect (AAPCCAAN). Almost always, the infant is subsequently removed from the home and civil or criminal proceeding commence. It may be that healing infantile rickets or other poorly understood metabolic bone disorders of infancy are responsible for these x-rays. Activated vitamin D is a seco-steroid hormone, whose mechanism of action is genetic regulation...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614418/the-role-of-computed-tomography-in-following-up-pediatric-skull-fractures
#12
Maria Zulfiqar, Stacy Kim, Jin-Ping Lai, Yihua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Despite the added radiation exposure and costs, the role of computed tomography (CT) in following pediatric skull fractures has not been fully evaluated. METHODS: We reviewed the radiology reports and images of the initial and follow-up head CT examinations of children with skull fractures to determine whether any interval changes in the fracture morphology and associated complications necessitate a change in clinical management. RESULTS: A total of 316 pediatric cases of skull fractures were identified, including 172 patients with and 144 without follow-up scans...
August 16, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603096/temporary-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-stabilization-without-fusion-of-adolescent-thoracolumbar-spine-fractures
#13
Shari Cui, Gennadiy A Busel, Aki S Puryear
BACKGROUND: Pediatric spine trauma often results from high-energy mechanisms. Despite differences in healing potential, comorbidities, and length of remaining life, treatment is frequently based on adult criteria; ligamentous injuries are fused and bony injuries are treated accordingly. In this study, we present short-term results of a select group of adolescent patients treated using percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation without fusion. METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective review was performed at a level 1 pediatric trauma center for thoracolumbar spine fractures treated by percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550850/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pediatric-fracture-patients-prevalence-risk-factors-and-vitamin-d-supplementation
#14
E A Gorter, W Oostdijk, A Felius, P Krijnen, I B Schipper
OBJECTIVE: Although vitamin D levels are not routinely monitored in pediatric fracture patients, identification of children with a vitamin D deficiency may be clinically relevant because of the potential role of vitamin D in fracture healing. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in a pediatric fracture population and to identify risk factors for deficiency. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study all pediatric patients (<18 years), who were treated for a fracture of the upper or lower extremity from September 2012 to October 2013 in the outpatient setting of a level one trauma center, were included...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459140/pediatric-diaphyseal-femur-fractures-submuscular-plating-compared-with-intramedullary-nailing
#15
Sean A Sutphen, Juan D Mendoza, Andrew C Mundy, Jingzhen G Yang, Allan C Beebe, Walter P Samora, Kevin E Klingele
This study compared the radiographic and clinical outcomes of pediatric diaphyseal femur fractures treated by submuscular plating, flexible retrograde intramedullary nailing, or rigid antegrade intramedullary nailing with a trochanteric entry point in skeletally immature patients who were 8 years and older. A retrospective review was conducted of skeletally immature patients 8 years and older who were treated for femur fracture with submuscular plating, flexible intramedullary nailing, or rigid intramedullary nailing from 2001 to 2014 with a minimum 12-week follow-up...
November 1, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428905/the-conservative-treatment-of-pediatric-mandible-fracture-with-external-nasal-splint
#16
Reza Sharifi, Mahboube Hasheminasab
INTRODUCTION: The frequency of mandible fractures is relatively less in children compared with adults, but their treatment is significantly more challenging due to the concerns regarding mandible growth and the developing dentition. The authors have introduced a new way of closed reduction by using external nasal splints. METHODS: In 3 patients aged between 4 and 6-year old with parasymphyseal and body fractures of mandible, fractures were reduced under general anesthesia and thermoplastic nasal splints were directly formed and trimmed to fit the lingual surface of mandible...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391657/pediatric-craniofacial-fractures-trajectories-and-ramifications
#17
Sanjay Naran, Zoe MacIsaac, Evan Katzel, Michael Bykowski, Sameer Shakir, Jesse Goldstein, Ian M Pollack, Joseph E Losee
BACKGROUND: The pediatric craniofacial skeleton fractures in patterns distinct from those typical in adults; this has implications pertinent to management that may go unrecognized. The authors reviewed multilevel pediatric craniofacial fractures presenting to their institution, surmising that they would display an oblique trajectory of fracture patterns, and would be at increased risk of growing skull fractures (GSFs), compared with adults. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of pediatric patients presenting with multilevel craniofacial fractures between 2004 and 2010...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379787/complications-after-plate-fixation-of-displaced-pediatric-midshaft-clavicle-fractures
#18
Ying Li, Peter Helvie, Frances A Farley, Matthew D Abbott, Michelle S Caird
BACKGROUND: Operative treatment of displaced pediatric midshaft clavicle fractures has become increasingly popular, despite lack of evidence that surgical management leads to superior outcomes. Complications, such as plate irritation necessitating removal and wound infection, have been reported in adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate complications after plate fixation of midshaft clavicle fractures in the pediatric population. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients 10 to 18 years old who had undergone plate fixation of a displaced midshaft clavicle fracture between 2009 and 2014...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27347233/transphyseal-femoral-neck-fracture-in-a-twenty-month-old-male-child
#19
Matthew J Brown, Michael R Ferrick
Transphyseal femoral neck fractures are an extremely rare event, mainly occurring in children subjected to an significant traumatic force. The diagnosis is usually suggested by clinical examination with radiographic confirmation. Management varies; however, no consensus exists as to proper treatment. Intervention is primarily focused on the prevention of avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral epiphysis. We present the case of a 20-month-old male with a delayed diagnosis of transphyseal femoral neck fracture...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271047/pediatric-forearm-fractures-with-in-situ-intramedullary-implants
#20
Brian A Kelly, Benjamin J Shore, Donald S Bae, Daniel J Hedequist, Michael P Glotzbecker
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation is to present our institutional experience with fractures of the pediatric forearm with in situ intramedullary nails. METHODS: Six patients treated at our institution for forearm fracture with in situ intramedullary implants between 2004 and 2013 were reviewed. Patient demographics, injury and radiographic characteristics, method of treatment, time to union, and complications were collected from the medical record. RESULTS: 485 patients with forearm fractures were treated with intramedullary implants and six patients presented with a fracture with in situ implants (1...
August 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
keyword
keyword
109688
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"