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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776420/tension-pneumopericardium-in-a-multiply-injured-child
#1
Holger Rupprecht, Katharina Gaab
Tension pneumopericardium is a rare disease that is very difficult to diagnose. A 3-year old child was run over by a minibus. Computed tomography showed bilateral pneumothorax, multiple rib fractures on both sides, and a hepatic laceration. The massive blunt thoracic trauma caused entrapped air in the pericardium, and a tension pneumoprecordium developed abruptly. We report this unique case of tension pneumopericardium in a child, and the subsequent emergency surgery and damage control measures.
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762453/damage-control-surgery-6-years-of-experience-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#2
Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar, Sushma Sagar, Pawan Sharma, Biplab Mishra, Maneesh Singhal, Mahesh C Misra
BACKGROUND: Damage control surgery (DCS) has been a well-established practice in the management of trauma victims for more than 2 decades now. The primary aim of this study was to review and analyze the presentation and outcome of patients with torso trauma who underwent DCS at Level I trauma center. METHODS: Retrospective study was conducted using database records prospectively maintained over period of 6 years from 2008 through 2013 at an urban Level I trauma center...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749595/morbidity-and-mortality-in-infant-mountain-gorillas-gorilla-beringei-beringei-a-46-year-retrospective-review
#3
James M Hassell, Dawn Zimmerman, Michael R Cranfield, Kirsten Gilardi, Antoine Mudakikwa, Jan Ramer, Elisabeth Nyirakaragire, Linda J Lowenstine
Long-term studies of morbidity and mortality in free-ranging primates are scarce, but may have important implications for the conservation of extant populations. Infants comprise a particularly important age group, as variation in survival rates may have a strong influence on population dynamics. Since 1968, the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project (MGVP, Inc.) and government partners have conducted a comprehensive health monitoring and disease investigation program on mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749271/evaluation-of-husbandry-and-mortality-in-lesser-hedgehog-tenrecs-echinops-telfairi
#4
Tara M Harrison, Scott H Harrison
Causes of morbidity and mortality for various species of tenrecs have not been widely published, aside from several reports of neoplasia, and these data are crucial for advancing objectives for preventive medicine, diagnosis, and treatment. A survey on husbandry, morbidity, and mortality of lesser hedgehog tenrecs ( Echinops telfairi ) in Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) institutions was conducted. Out of 32 institutions, 20 responded with data for 98 living and 93 dead animals. The most common causes of mortality among the dead animals were neoplasia (24%), hepatic lipidosis (11%), septicemia (8...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748016/-hepatic-hematoma-in-neonates-about-a-case
#5
Hanae Harchaoui, Bousayna Iraqi, Houria Knouni, Youness Taboz, Hasnae Benkirane, Hassan Aguenaou, Amina Barkat
Hepatic hematoma is a condition of unrecognized origin which can become extremely serious and whose diagnosis is often made during perinatal autopsy. It is often characterised by nonspecific clinical manifestations and a long delay before biological presentation.The diagnosis is essentially based on ultrasound and treatment is often conservative.We here report a case of a full-term newborn with asymptomatic hepatic haematoma due to obstetrical trauma.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732002/-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-young-pregnant-woman-case-report
#6
Walker Del Cid Jove Oblitas, Miguel Joseph Abril Barreda
Female patient, 28 years old, with a gestation of 14 weeks, natural and from Ilo-Moquegua. Came with a time of disease 4 days with hematemesis, melena, epigastric pain and syncope. Background of colonic resection for peritonitis due to trauma 20 years ago; upper gastrointestinal bleeding three years ago; paternal grandparents died of gastric cancer; chronic gastritis diagnosed from 19 year old. In laboratory studies hemoglobin of 9.2. In the upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was found absence of active upper gastrointestinal bleeding, a large tumor in proximal body toward greater curvature and posterior wall, 8 cm in diameter approximately, lobed appearance, with most of the mucosal surface unscathed is evidence, areas of ulceration of 2-3 mm covered with fibrin (biopsies taken), hard consistency, tent sign (positive) and cushionsign (negative)...
April 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731369/experimental-evaluation-of-tranexamic-acid-loaded-porous-starch-as-a-hemostatic-powder
#7
Chaoyun Xi, Liguo Zhu, Yuan Zhuang, Shufang Wang, Guixiang Sun, Yaqian Liu, Deqing Wang
We evaluated the effectiveness of a novel hemostatic powder called Tranexamic Acid-loaded Porous Starch (TAPS) developed recently on blood clotting activity and hemostasis. The effectiveness of TAPS was evaluated by comparing hemostatic properties with those of Quick-acting Styptic Powder (QSP) and Compound Microporous Polysaccharide Haemostatic powder (CMPHP). The blood clotting activities of human blood were analyzed by thromboela-stogram (TEG) assays in vitro. The hemostatic effectiveness in vivo was evaluated using a rat model with hepatic traumatic hemorrhage...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727662/paraphilic-thoughts-behaviors-and-sex-addiction-in-a-sample-of-persons-who-use-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Jales Clemente, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari, Claudio Jeronimo da Silva, Paulo Roberto Henrique Santana, Alessandra Diehl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of paraphilic thoughts/behaviors (including paraphilic disorders) with and without sexual addiction and sexual-related conditions in a sample of substance disorder patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of substance-dependent individuals who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Data included sociodemographic information, drug of choice, responses to questions about sexual behavior, and to the following standardized questionnaires: (a) Sexual Addiction Screening Test, and (b) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723980/preliminary-results-of-topical-hepatic-hypothermia-in-a-model-of-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#9
Emilio Elias Abdo, Estela Regina Ramos Figueira, Joel Avancini Rocha-Filho, Eleazar Chaib, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque, Telesforo Bacchella
BACKGROUND: Ischemia/reperfusion causes organ damage but it is mandatory in hepatic transplantation, trauma and other complex liver surgeries, when Pringle maneuver is applied to minimize bleeding during these procedures. It is well known that liver ischemia/reperfusion leads to microcirculatory disturbance and cellular injury. In this setting hypothermia is known to reduce oxygen demand, lowering intracellular metabolism. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of hypothermia in liver ischemia/reperfusion injury, using a new model of topic isolated liver hypothermia...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715950/efficacy-of-the-novel-medical-adhesive-mar-vivo-107-in-an-acute-porcine-liver-resection-model
#10
Hirokazu Tanaka, Kenji Fukushima, Pramod Kadaba Srinivasan, Kerstin Pawlowsky, Babette Koegel, Koichiro Hata, Yonson Ku, Shinji Uemoto, René H Tolba
BACKGROUND: Despite modern surgical techniques, insufficient hemostasis after liver trauma is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality after injury. Therefore, efficient hemostatic agents are indicated. In this study, we evaluated the hemostatic efficacy of a novel synthetic wound adhesive (MAR-VIVO-107) based on polyurethane/polyurea, compared with a widely used fibrin adhesive (Tisseel). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve German Landrace pigs were randomly assigned to 2 groups...
July 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711594/hepatic-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-in-aged-c57bl-6-mice-exhibit-delayed-recovery-from-severe-burn-injury
#11
Christopher Auger, Thibacg Sivayoganathan, Abdikarim Abdullahi, Alexandra Parousis, Marc G Jeschke
Severe burn injuries initiate a cascade of downstream events, culminating in multiple organ dysfunction, sepsis, and even death. The elderly are in particular vulnerable to such outcomes, due primarily to a scarcity of knowledge on trauma progression at the biomolecular level in this population. Mitochondria, the cellular powerhouses, have been increasingly scrutinized recently for their contribution to trauma outcomes. We hypothesized that elderly have a worse outcome compared to adult patients due to failed recovery of hepatic mitochondria...
July 12, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697025/reboa-for-the-ivc-resuscitative-balloon-occlusion-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-rebovc-to-abate-massive-hemorrhage-in-retro-hepatic-vena-cava-injuries
#12
Cassandra L Reynolds, Adam C Celio, Lindsay C Bridges, Catalina Mosquera, Brian O'Connell, Michael R Bard, Connie M DeLa'o, Eric A Toschlog
BACKGROUND: The use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion as a maneuver for occlusion of the aorta is well described. This technique has life-saving potential in other cases of traumatic hemorrhage. Retro-hepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) injuries have a high rate of mortality, in part, due to the difficulty in achieving total vascular isolation. This studies purpose was to investigate the ability of resuscitative balloon occlusion of the IVC (REBOVC) to control supra-hepatic IVC hemorrhage in a swine model of trauma...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692474/molecular-adsorbent-recirculating-system-effectively-replaces-hepatic-function-in-severe-acute-liver-failure
#13
Steven I Hanish, Deborah M Stein, Joseph R Scalea, Eno-Obong Essien, Paul Thurman, William R Hutson, Stephen T Bartlett, Rolf N Barth, Thomas M Scalea
BACKGROUND DATA: Patients with severe acute liver failure (ALF) have extreme physiologic dysfunction and often die if transplantation is not immediately available. Patients may be supported with MARS (Baxter International Inc., Deerfield, IL) until transplantation or spontaneous recovery occurs. We present the largest series in the United States of MARS therapy as temporary hepatic replacement for ALF. METHODS: MARS was used to support patients with severe liver trauma (SLT), in ALF patients as a bridge to transplantation (BTT), and as definitive therapy for toxic ingestion or idiopathic liver failure (DT) in a level 1 trauma center and large transplant center...
July 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665831/an-unusual-medicolegal-case-of-32-year-old-mother-and-her-29-week-fetus-with-hemolysis-elevated-liver-enzymes-and-low-platelet-count-syndrome-case-report-and-short-literature-review
#14
Michał Szeremeta, Petra Drobuliakova, Jerzy Przepieść, Janusz Załuski, Adam Sackiewicz, Anna Niemcunowicz-Janica
Forensic medicine experts are well aware of blunt abdominal trauma, which often lead to death because of serious internal organ injury with severe blood loss. Sometimes careful examination of such cases may reveal some other underlying conditions, such as an existing disease that had contributed to the death or life-threatening complications. Our article presents a rare case of spontaneous hepatic rupture and intraperitoneal hemorrhage in a 32-year-old primigravida and her 29-week fetus, which was a result of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelet count syndrome...
September 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659683/successful-transplant-of-two-kidneys-harvested-from-a-young-brain-dead-liver-transplant-recipient
#15
Anil Kumar Singh Rana, Nitin Agarwal, Sushant Dutta, Manoj Kumar Dokania
Efforts to increase the dismal deceased renal transplantation (DRT): live renal transplantation (LRT) ratio in our country have gathered momentum recently, with governmental and non-governmental projects focussing on building public awareness and capacity-building, and appropriate legislation. Worldwide, efforts at increasing the number of organs from the deceased pool have focussed on the use of 'expanded criteria donors', including deceased cardiac donors (DCD). 'Reuse' transplant, where an organ is transplanted after removal from the first recipient, is a rare strategy, used more commonly in liver than in kidney transplantation...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640113/spleen-implanting-in-the-fatty-liver-mimicking-hepatocarcinoma-in-a-patient-with-hepatitis-b-c-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
REVIEW
Meng-Yao Wang, Bao Li, Dan Chen, Ai-Lian Liu, Sahrish Qamar, Mei-Yu Sun
RATIONALE: Ectopic splenic autotransplantation refers to the heterotopic autotransplantation of splenic tissue and no treatment is necessary for it when patient is asymptomatic. Its incidence rate is reported up to 67% among patients with a history of splenic trauma and splenic surgery. The diagnosis of it before operation is really difficult, and it is easy to mimic as other tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported a 42-year-old man with hepatic splenosis, with history of splenectomy for traumatic splenic rupture 16 years ago and hepatitis B&C...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633652/spontaneous-rupture-of-the-common-hepatic-duct-associated-with-acute-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#17
Makram Moussa, Wissem Triki, Omar Karray, Ines Marzouk, Bouchoucha Sami
BACKGROUND: Rupture of the common bile duct is a life-threatening condition, usually observed after a trauma or in association with choledocholithiasis or an obstructive tumor of the bile duct. However, a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct is a rare entity. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a new observation of a spontaneous rupture of the common bile duct, associated with biliary peritonitis and pancreatitis, in a 15-year-old North African girl. Etiological aspects, specificities of clinical presentation, means of diagnosis, as well as surgical and perioperative management are discussed...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627649/hypoxia-serves-a-key-function-in-the-upregulated-expression-of-vascular-adhesion-protein%C3%A2-1-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in-a-rat-model-of-hemorrhagic-shock
#18
Yuxing Zhang, Wei Yi, Jun Yao, Xiaojun Yu, Cheng Qian, Zhiqian Hu
Hemorrhagic shock following major trauma results in mortality, but the function of vascular adhesion protein‑1 (VAP‑1), implicated in intracranial hemorrhage, remains unknown. This study aimed to determine whether expression of the AOC3 gene and its encoded protein, VAP‑1, is altered by hypoxia. Rat hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (RHSECs) and rat intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (RIMECs) were transduced with a viral vector carrying AOC3, and AOC3 mRNA expression levels were measured by reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612150/single-versus-multiple-solid-organ-injuries-following-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#19
Ayman El-Menyar, Husham Abdelrahman, Ammar Al-Hassani, Ruben Peralta, Hiba AbdelAziz, Rifat Latifi, Hassan Al-Thani
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe the pattern of solid organ injuries (SOIs) and analyze the characteristics, management and outcomes based on the multiplicity of SOIs. METHODS: A retrospective study in a Level 1 trauma center was conducted and included patients admitted with blunt abdominal trauma between 2011 and 2014. Data were analyzed and compared for patients with single versus multiple SOIs. RESULTS: A total of 504 patients with SOIs were identified with a mean age of 28 ± 13 years...
June 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604841/evaluation-of-potential-changes-in-liver-and-lung-tissue-of-rats-in-an-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-model-modified-pringle-maneuver
#20
Silvio Henrique Freitas, Renata G S Dória, Rachel S Bueno, William B Rocha, Jair R E Filho, Julieta R E Moraes, Atanásio Serafin Vidane, Carlos E Ambrósio
In surgical procedures involving the liver, such as transplantation, resection, and trauma, a temporary occlusion of hepatic vessels may be required. This study was designed to analyze the lesions promoted by ischemia and reperfusion injury of the hepatic pedicle, in the liver and lung, using histopathological and immunohistochemical techniques. In total, 39 Wistar rats were divided into four groups: control group (C n = 3) and ischemia groups subjected to 10, 20, and 30 minutes of hepatic pedicle clamping (I10, n = 12; I20, n = 12; I30, n = 12)...
2017: PloS One
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