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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30426222/variability-in-the-evalution-of-pediatric-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#1
Adam M Vogel, Jingwen Zhang, Patrick D Mauldin, Regan F Williams, Eunice Y Huang, Matthew T Santore, Kuojen Tsao, Richard A Falcone, M Sidney Dassinger, Jeffrey H Haynes, Martin L Blakely, Robert T Russell, Bindi J Naik-Mathuria, Shawn D St Peter, David Mooney, Jeffrey S Upperman, Christian J Streck
PURPOSE: To describe the practice pattern for routine laboratory and imaging assessment of children following blunt abdominal trauma (BAT). METHODS: Children (age < 16 years) presenting to 14 pediatric trauma centers following BAT over a 1-year period were prospectively identified. Injury, demographic, routine laboratory and imaging utilization data were collected. Descriptive, comparative, and correlation analysis was performed. RESULTS: 2188 children with a median age of 8 (4,12) years were included and the median injury severity score was 5 (1,10)...
November 13, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30387706/ruptured-hepatic-artery-aneurysm-in-a-domestic-yak
#2
Benjamin E Curtis, Sally A Nofs, Megan Ahearne, Monica List, Matti Kiupel
A 19.5-y-old, male domestic yak ( Bos grunniens) with a history of sudden unexpected death was submitted for autopsy. The yak had hemoabdomen, and a large blood clot was attached to the liver and forestomachs. The hepatic artery had a saccular aneurysm with a 1-cm tear. The arterial wall at the site of the rupture was thin, and the luminal surface was roughened with yellow streaks. The arterial wall adjacent to the rupture was thickened, white, firm, and less elastic than normal arterial walls. Cause of death was concluded to be acute exsanguination...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30386008/coagulopathy-during-liver-transplantation
#3
REVIEW
Ayten Saracoglu, Kemal T Saracoglu
In this review article, we aimed to mainly review the principles for the management of hemostasis, changes that occur in the hemostatic system, and the techniques to reduce hemorrhage during liver transplantation. Hemostasis is a defense mechanism that may ensue from vascular damage and hemorrhage and consists of multiple phases which involve cellular and humoral elements of coagulation. In the presence of a cause, such as trauma-induced liver injury or hepatic failure that may trigger coagulopathy, the process becomes more problematic, and moreover, severe coagulation disorders may arise in daily practice unless the situation is intervened correctly and on time...
July 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380995/non-invasive-evaluation-of-a-liver-mass-in-a-patient-post-splenectomy
#4
Bella Smolen, Johad Khoury, Yaacov Baruch, Tarek Saadi
INTRODUCTION: Numerous conditions may cause liver lesions, solitary or multiple, benign or malignant. It can be crucial to establish the correct diagnosis. Splenosis is a rare condition that may result from the spillage of cells from the splenic pulp following abdominal trauma, accidental lesions to the spleen during operation or elective splenectomy. These splenic 'implants', which are often multiple, can be located anywhere in the peritoneal cavity, although they are most often found in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen...
October 31, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358756/a-different-form-of-injury-prevention-successful-screening-and-referral-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-and-hepatitis-c-virus-in-a-trauma-population
#5
Alicia R Privette, Benjamin White, Pamela L Ferguson, E Douglas Norcross, Lauren E Richey
BACKGROUND: In the United States, millions of patients are living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) (0.44% and 1.5%) and many are currently undiagnosed. Because highly effective treatments are now available, early identification of these patients is extremely important to achieve improved clinical outcomes. Prior data and trauma-associated risk factors suggest a higher prevalence of both diseases in the trauma population. We hypothesized that a screening program could be successfully initiated among trauma activation patients and that a referral and linkage-to-care program could be developed...
November 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30315665/a-retrospective-study-of-157-hospitalized-cats-with-pancreatitis-in-a-tertiary-care-center-clinical-imaging-and-laboratory-findings-potential-prognostic-markers-and-outcome
#6
Ran Nivy, Alina Kaplanov, Sharon Kuzi, Michal Mazaki-Tovi, Einat Yas, Gilad Segev, Jennifer Ben-Oz, Eran Lavy, Itamar Aroch
BACKGROUND: Pancreatitis in cats (FP) has been increasingly diagnosed in recent years, but clinical studies of large numbers of affected cats are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To describe a large cohort of cats with FP requiring hospitalization. ANIMALS: One hundred and fifty-seven client-owned cats. METHODS: Retrospective study, including cats diagnosed with pancreatitis based on sonographic evidence, positive SNAP feline pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity test results, increased 1,2-o-dilauryl-rac-glycerol-glutaric Acid-(6'-methylresorufin ester)-lipase activity, histopathology, or some combination of these...
October 13, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30310705/variations-in-the-branching-pattern-of-the-celiac-trunk-and-its-clinical-significance
#7
Hemamalini
Celiac trunk is the artery of foregut, arising from the abdominal aorta at the level of T12/L1 vertebral body. It extends approximately 1.5 to 2 cm horizontally forwards before dividing into three branches: left gastric, common hepatic, and splenic arteries. Out of the three ventral branches of abdominal aorta, celiac trunk is more prone to have variations. During routine dissection of abdomen for undergraduate students we found some rare variations in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk. Absence of celiac trunk with hepatomesenteric trunk, quadrifurcation with dorsal pancreatic artery arising from it, quadrifurcation with middle colic artery arising from it, left inferior phrenic artery arising from celiac trunk, highly tortuous splenic artery supplying distal 1/3rd of transverse colon and hepatosplenic trunk...
September 2018: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285594/evaluation-of-two-training-methods-for-teaching-the-abdominal-focused-assessment-with-sonography-for-trauma-technique-a-fast-to-first-and-second-year-veterinary-students
#8
Rachel B Davy, Philip E Hamel, Yu Su, Clifford R Berry, Bobbi J Conner
Ultrasound techniques, including focused assessment with sonography for trauma (FAST) examinations, are commonly used in veterinary practice, making inclusion of ultrasound in veterinary curricula increasingly important. The best approach for teaching ultrasound techniques in veterinary medicine has not been evaluated. This study compared the results of two training techniques, live-animal training and online video instruction, on students' performance during abdominal FAST (A-FAST) examinations. Thirty-eight first- and second-year veterinary students were randomly assigned to learn A-FAST via a live-animal laboratory or an instructional video...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30280221/intrahepatic-balloon-tamponade-for-penetrating-liver-injury-rarely-needed-but-highly-effective
#9
Lisa M Kodadek, David T Efron, Elliott R Haut
BACKGROUND: Severe penetrating liver injuries are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to demonstrate the 15-year experience of a Level 1 US trauma center with use of intrahepatic balloon tamponade for penetrating liver injuries in adult patients. METHODS: Operative notes were used to identify cases employing intrahepatic balloon tamponade. Charts were reviewed for patient characteristics, injury characteristics, morbidity, and in-hospital mortality...
October 2, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30271063/emergent-neurosurgical-management-of-a-rapidly-deteriorating-patient-with-acute-intracranial-hemorrhage-and-alcohol-related-thrombocytopenia
#10
Hansen Deng, John K Yue, Beata Durcanova, Javid Sadjadi
Alcohol intoxication is a common risk factor of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and carries a significant health-care burden on underserved patients. Patients with chronic alcohol use may suffer a spectrum of bleeding diatheses from hepatic dysfunction not well studied in the context of TBI. A feared sequela of TBI is the development of coagulopathy resulting in worsened intracranial bleeding. We report the clinical course of an intoxicated patient found down with blunt head trauma and concurrent alcoholic cirrhosis who was awake and responsive in the field...
October 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30237592/hypertensive-disorders-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Madhusudan Upadya, Sumesh T Rao
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) remain among the most significant and intriguing unsolved problems in obstetrics. In India, the prevalence of HDP was 7.8% with pre-eclampsia in 5.4% of the study population. The anaesthetic problems in HDP may be due to the effects on the cardiovascular, respiratory, neurologic, renal, haematologic, hepatic and uteroplacental systems. The basic management objectives should be facilitating the birth of an infant who subsequently thrives and completes restoration of health to the mother, or the termination of pregnancy with the least possible trauma to mother and foetus in severe pre-eclampsia...
September 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30233877/pulmonary-mechanics-and-gas-exchange-characteristics-in-uncommon-etiologies-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#12
Richard H Kallet, Kelly Ho, Michael S Lipnick, Michael A Matthay
Background: Common causes of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) include pneumonia, aspiration, non-pulmonary sepsis and trauma. Little is known about pulmonary mechanics and gas exchange in less-common etiologies of ARDS, which comprises 12-23% of cases. Our hospital's ARDS quality assurance database contained a substantial number of these cases. This descriptive study examines the pulmonary mechanics, and gas exchange characteristics of this diverse cohort of ARDS subjects. Methods: Between March 2010 and April 2017 we identified 94 subjects with less common etiologies of ARDS who had dead space fraction (VD /VT ) and respiratory system compliance (CRS ) measured within 24 hours of ARDS onset; 86 of whom did not have sepsis as a co-diagnosis...
August 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221740/complement-depletion-with-cobra-venom-factor-alleviates-acute-hepatic-injury-induced-by-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion
#13
Bing Wang, Hua Xu, Jian Li, Hong-Mei Gao, Ying-Hong Xing, Zhu Lin, Hong-Jie Li, Yong-Qiang Wang, Shu-Hua Cao
Increasing evidence has demonstrated that complement activation is required for ischemia‑reperfusion injury (IRI)‑induced hepatic damage, and cobra venom factor (CVF) can deplete the complement components. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect and intrinsic mechanism of CVF pretreatment on IRI‑induced acute hepatic injury in rats. Acute hepatic injury in rats was induced by bone fracture to simulate trauma, followed by hemorrhage for 90 min, and then the rats were resuscitated for a period of 20 min of reperfusion...
September 14, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181130/mortalities-amyloidosis-and-other-diseases-in-free-living-red-squirrels-sciurus-vulgaris-on-jersey-channel-islands
#14
Tiffany Anne Blackett, Vic R Simpson, Sean Haugland, David J Everest, Clare F Muir, Kenneth C Smith, Aileen C Mill
Between 2007 and 2014, 337 free-living red squirrels ( Sciurus vulgaris ) on Jersey, Channel Islands, were examined post mortem as part of a mortality and disease surveillance scheme. Road traffic accidents (RTAs) were attributable for 50.7 per cent (171/337) of the casualties, 34.4 per cent (116/337) succumbed to diseases including fatal exudative dermatitis (FED), 7.1 per cent (24/337) to predation, 6.5 per cent (22/337) to other trauma and 1.2 per cent (4/337) to suspected poisoning. Cat predation accounted for 5 per cent (17/337) of mortalities...
October 27, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145558/a-head-ct-is-unnecessary-in-the-initial-evaluation-of-a-cirrhotic-patient-with-recurrent-hepatic-encephalopathy
#15
Sumit Kumar, Ronak Modi, Bhavik M Bhandari, David A Sass, Kenneth D Rothstein
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The evaluation to determine the cause of hepatic encephalopathy consists primarily of laboratory testing to rule out infections and metabolic causes. Despite lack of evidence, it is a common practice amongst clinicians to obtain a head CT as part of their initial evaluation in a cirrhotic presenting with recurrent episodes of hepatic encephalopathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of all cirrhotic adults admitted to a tertiary care hospital from 2007 to 2010 with hepatic encephalopathy were reviewed...
August 24, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30105086/bullet-retrieval-from-the-right-hepatic-vein-using-a-controlled-endovascular-and-transhepatic-approach
#16
Abouelmagd Makramalla, James Buchino, Jay Johannigman, Ross Ristagno
Venous bullet embolism is a rare complication of trauma. We describe a patient who sustained a gunshot wound. Computed tomography revealed antegrade embolization of the bullet to the right hepatic vein (RHV). The risk of not retrieving the bullet embolus and subsequent embolization to the pulmonary circulation includes pulmonary artery thrombosis, bleeding, or abscess formation. The bullet was retrieved through right internal jugular vein access; assisted by percutaneous transhepatic repositioning and endovascular balloon-immobilization of the bullet...
October 2018: Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093501/trauma-induced-dual-vascular-lesions-in-the-liver-hepatic-pseudoaneurysm-with-arteriohepatic-venous-fistula
#17
Lakshmikanth Halegubbi Karegowda, Tadigadapa Keerthi, Taruna Rathore, Kadavigere Rajagopal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30086044/risk-factors-for-kidney-dysfunction-with-the-use-of-gentamicin-in-open-fracture-antibiotic-treatment
#18
Jacob Folse, Charles E Hill, Matthew L Graves, George V Russell, Josie Hydrick, LaRita C Jones, William H Replogle, Patrick F Bergin, Clay A Spitler
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate all patients who received gentamicin for open fracture treatment and determine the incidence of, and risk factors for, kidney injury in this population. DESIGN: Retrospective, case control. SETTING: Single institution; Level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: A retrospective chart review identified patients who received gentamicin for open fracture antibiotic treatment from January 2008 to December 2012...
November 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30060372/spinal-gunshot-wounds-pattern-and-associated-lesions-in-civilians
#19
Jorge Arturo Cabrera Escamilla, Jorge Álvaro González Ross, José Manuel Pérez Atanasio, Gustavo Casas Martínez, Arelhi González Cisneros, Jose Jimenez Avila
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive case series study. PURPOSE: To investigate the frequency, bone pattern, and associated lesions to the spine of gunshot wounds. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Gunshot wounds are penetrating in nature and are caused by a bullet or projectile. These are becoming more common and are associated with significant sequelae, requiring long and costly multidisciplinary treatment. Associated spinal cord injuries (SCIs) in the civilian population represent 13%-17% of all spinal traumas...
August 2018: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30050701/report-of-four-cases-with-equestrian-injury-therapeutic-approach-and-outcome
#20
Kiyohiro Oshima, Masato Murata, Makoto Aoki, Jun Nakajima, Yusuke Sawada, Yuta Isshiki, Yumi Ichikawa, Shuichi Hagiwara
Equestrianism is associated with a risk of severe trauma due to falls and/or direct injury from the horse, depending on the mechanism of injury. This article presents four cases of equestrian injury treated in Gunma University Hospital: Case 1: hepatic injury (fall and kick by the horse); Case 2: left hemopneumothorax and pulmonary contusion with multiple rib fractures (fall and trampling by the horse); Case 3: lumbar compression fracture (fall); and Case 4: scrotum injury (horse bite). Equestrian injuries may be high-energy traumas...
2018: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
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