keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hepatic trauma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911067/-vascular-interventional-radiology-a-fundamental-procedure-for-the-management-of-paediatric-trauma
#1
E Bordón Cabrera, A Laín, R Gander, M Pérez Lafuente, I Díez Miranda, C G Fontecha, L Seidler, I Delgado, S Cañadas Palazón, J Lloret
INTRODUCTION: The management of active bleeding with haemodinamic lability in the paediatric trauma patient is difficult and generally leads to damage control surgery. Vascular Interventional Radiology (VIR) techniques are useful for the diagnosis as for the definitive treatment. AIM: The aim of our study was to describe our experience and evaluate effectiveness of VIR in the management of the paediatric trauma patient with active bleeding signs. METHODS: Retrospective analysis (2003-2014) of politraumatic patients who showed contrast blush on computed tomography and then treated by VIR techniques...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878658/role-of-matricellular-proteins-in-disorders-of-the-central-nervous-system
#2
A R Jayakumar, A Apeksha, M D Norenberg
Matricellular proteins (MCPs) are actively expressed non-structural proteins present in the extracellular matrix, which rapidly turnover and possess regulatory roles, as well as mediate cell-cell interactions. MCPs characteristically contain binding sites for other extracellular proteins, cell surface receptors, growth factors, cytokines and proteases, that provide structural support for surrounding cells. MCPs are present in most organs, including brain, and play a major role in cell-cell interactions and tissue repair...
November 23, 2016: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876077/post-traumatic-acute-kidney-injury-a-cross-sectional-study-of-trauma-patients
#3
Wei-Hung Lai, Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Yi-Chun Chen, Pao-Jen Kuo, Shiun-Yuan Hsu, Ching-Hua Hsieh, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh
BACKGROUND: The causes of post-traumatic acute kidney injury (AKI) are multifactorial, and shock associated with major trauma has been proposed to result in inadequate renal perfusion and subsequent AKI in trauma patients. This study aimed to investigate the true incidence and clinical presentation of post-traumatic AKI in hospitalized adult patients and its association with shock at a Level I trauma center. METHODS: Detailed data of 78 trauma patients with AKI and 14,504 patients without AKI between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014 were retrieved from the Trauma Registry System...
November 22, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829712/early-detection-of-nonneurologic-organ-failure-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-multiple-organ-dysfunction-score-or-sequential-organ-failure-assessment
#4
Sara Ramtinfar, Shahrokh Yousefzadeh Chabok, Aliakbar Jafari Chari, Zoheir Reihanian, Ehsan Kazemnezhad Leili, Arsalan Alizadeh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare the discriminant function of multiple organ dysfunction score (MODS) and sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) components in predicting the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) mortality and neurologic outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive-analytic study was conducted at a level I trauma center. Data were collected from patients with severe traumatic brain injury admitted to the neurosurgical ICU. Basic demographic data, SOFA and MOD scores were recorded daily for all patients...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817834/a-comparison-study-of-pelvic-fractures-and-associated-abdominal-injuries-between-pediatric-and-adult-blunt-trauma-patients
#5
Forat Swaid, Kobi Peleg, Ricardo Alfici, Oded Olsha, Adi Givon, Boris Kessel
PURPOSE: Pelvic fractures are a marker of severe injury, mandating a thorough investigation for the presence of associated injuries. Anatomical and physiological differences between adults and children may lead to a different impact of pelvic fractures on these populations. The purpose of this study is to compare pelvic fractures between pediatric and adult blunt trauma victims, mainly regarding their severity and associated intraabdominal injuries. METHODS: A retrospective study involving blunt trauma patients suffering pelvic fractures, according to the records of the Israeli National Trauma Registry...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798537/contemporary-patterns-of-multiple-organ-dysfunction-in-trauma
#6
Joanna M Shepherd, Elaine Cole, Karim Brohi
BACKGROUND: Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) is associated with poor outcomes for trauma patients. Different forms of MODS may exist and have different consequences. The ability to distinguish them clinically may have implications for prognosis and treatment. We wished to study whether prolonged MODS (PRMODS) could be observed as a distinct clinical entity to early resolving MODS (ERMODS) in critically injured patients. METHODS: Adult major trauma patients recruited to a prospective observational study at a single major trauma centre were eligible for inclusion...
October 28, 2016: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789574/emerging-viral-stis-among-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-the-era-of-hepatitis-c-virus-and-human-papillomavirus
#7
REVIEW
Thijs Jw van de Laar, Olivier Richel
The number of infectious disease outbreaks and the number of unique pathogens responsible have significantly increased since the 1980s. HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) are a vulnerable population with regards to the introduction, spread and clinical consequences of (newly introduced) STIs. After the introduction of combination antiretroviral treatment (cART), the incidence of sexually acquired hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced anal cancers have significantly increased among HIV-positive MSM...
October 27, 2016: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785531/hepatic-mobilization-of-zinc-after-an-experimental-surgery-and-its-relationship-with-inflammatory-cytokines-release-and-expression-of-metallothionein-and-zip14-transporter
#8
Violeta Aburto-Luna, Samuel Treviño, Gerardo Santos-López, Diana Moroni-González, Oscar Calva-Cruz, Patricia Aguilar-Alonso, Bertha Alicia León-Chávez, Eduardo Brambila
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between the release of inflammatory cytokines and mobilization of zinc into liver, and the expression of metallothionein and Zip14 transporter after an abdominal surgery in rats. MATERIALS: Thirty-five male Wistar rats were subjected to experimental surgical stress, then the subgroups of five animals were killed at 3, 6, 9, 12, 16, 20 and 24 h. Matched groups without surgery were used as controls. METHODS: Zinc levels were determined by AAS, intracellular zinc by zinquin and dithizone staining...
October 27, 2016: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780185/liver-transplantation-for-hepatic-trauma-a-study-from-the-european-liver-transplant-registry
#9
Marek Krawczyk, Michał Grąt, Rene Adam, Wojciech G Polak, Jurgen Klempnauer, Antonio Pinna, Fabrizio Di Benedetto, Franco Filipponi, Norbert Senninger, Aksel Foss, Sebastian Rufián-Peña, William Bennet, Johann Pratschke, Andreas Paul, Utz Settmacher, Giorgio Rossi, Mauro Salizzoni, Carlos Fernandez-Selles, Santiago T Martínez de Rituerto, Miguel A Gómez-Bravo, Jacques Pirenne, Olivier Detry, Pietro E Majno, Petr Nemec, Wolf O Bechstein, Michael Bartels, Silvio Nadalin, Francois R Pruvot, Darius F Mirza, Luigi Lupo, Michele Colledan, Giuseppe Tisone, Jan Ringers, Jorge Daniel, Ramón Charco Torra, Enrique Moreno González, Rafael Bañares Cañizares, Valentin Cuervas-Mons Martinez, Fernando San Juan Rodríguez, Sezai Yilmaz, Piotr Remiszewski
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation is the most extreme form of surgical management of patients with hepatic trauma, with very limited literature data supporting its use. The aim of this study was to assess the results of liver transplantation for hepatic trauma. METHODS: This retrospective analysis based on European Liver Transplant Registry comprised data of 73 recipients of liver transplantation for hepatic trauma performed in 37 centers in the period between 1987 and 2013...
November 2016: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707653/the-impact-of-morbid-obesity-on-solid-organ-injury-in-children-using-the-atomac-protocol-at-a-pediatric-level-i-trauma-center
#10
Nathan Vaughan, Jeff Tweed, Cynthia Greenwell, David M Notrica, Crystal S Langlais, Shawn D St Peter, Charles M Leys, Daniel J Ostlie, R Todd Maxson, Todd Ponsky, David W Tuggle, James W Eubanks, Amina Bhatia, Cynthia Greenwell, Nilda M Garcia, Karla A Lawson, Prasenjeet Motghare, Robert W Letton, Adam C Alder
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is an epidemic in the pediatric population. Childhood obesity in trauma has been associated with increased incidence of long-bone fractures, longer ICU stays, and decreased closed head injuries. We investigated for differences in the likelihood of failure of non-operative management (NOM), and injury grade using a subset of a multi-institutional, prospective database of pediatric patients with solid organ injury (SOI). METHODS: We prospectively collected data on all pediatric patients (<18years) admitted for liver or splenic injury from September 2013 to January 2016...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686493/causes-of-hepatic-capsular-retraction-a-pictorial-essay
#11
REVIEW
Gary Xia Vern Tan, Rhian Miranda, Tom Sutherland
: Hepatic capsular retraction refers to the loss of the normal convex hepatic contour, with the formation of an area of flattening or concavity. This can result from myriad causes, including intrinsic hepatic conditions such as cirrhosis, biliary obstruction, benign tumours, malignancy and infections, as well as extrahepatic causes such as trauma. This article aims to provide familiarity with this wide spectrum of conditions, including mimics of hepatic capsular retraction, by highlighting the anatomic, pathologic and imaging features that help distinguish these entities from one another...
December 2016: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679945/collagen-fibrinogen-and-thrombin-biological-addesive-is-effective-in-treating-experimental-liver-injuries
#12
Frederico Michelino DE Oliveira, Marcus Vinícius H DE Carvalho, Evaldo Marchi, Clóvis Antônio Lopes Pinto
OBJECTIVE: : to evaluate the effectiveness of a collagen-based adhesive associated with fibrinogen and thrombin in experimental liver injury in rats. METHODS: : the study included 30 Wistar rats randomly divided into three groups: A, B and C. All underwent standard liver traumatic injury. In group A the lesion was treated with the adhesive; in group B, with conventional absorbable suture; and in group C, there was no treatment. We analyzed the time of hemostasis, mortality, occurrence of adhesions and any histological changes...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658470/direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-emergency-trauma-admissions
#13
Marc Maegele, Oliver Grottke, Herbert Schöchl, Oliver A Sakowitz, Michael Spannagl, Jürgen Koscielny
BACKGROUND: Direct (non-vitamin-K-dependent) oral anticoagulants (DOAC) are given as an alternative to vitamin K antagonists (VKA) to prevent stroke and embolic disease in patients with atrial fibrillation that is not due to pathology of the heart valves. Fatal hemorrhage is rarer when DOACs are given (nonvalvular atrial fibrillation: odds ratio [OR] 0.68; 95% confidence interval [95% CI: 0.48; 0.96], and venous thromboembolism: OR 0.54; [0.22; 1.32]). 48% of emergency trauma patients need an emergency operation or early surgery...
September 5, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658328/a-case-of-hepatic-portal-venous-gas-after-colonoscopy
#14
Tevfik Solakoglu, Sevil O Sari, Huseyin Koseoglu, Murat Basaran, Mustafa Akar, Semnur Buyukasik, Osman Ersoy
Hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) is a rare radiologic finding that is usually precipitated by intestinal ischaemia, intra-abdominal abscesses, necrotising enterocolitis, abdominal trauma, infectious enteritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we present a case of HPVG in a 66-year-old female patient who underwent colonoscopy for evaluation of haematochezia and a review of the literature focused on HPVG following colonoscopy.
September 2016: Arab Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Publication of the Pan-Arab Association of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633577/hemostatic-mechanism-underlying-microbubble-enhanced-non-focused-ultrasound-in-the-treatment-of-a-rabbit-liver-trauma-model
#15
Da-Wei Zhao, Meng Tian, Jian-Zheng Yang, Peng Du, Jie Bi, Xinjian Zhu, Tao Li
The aim of our study was to investigate the hemostatic mechanism underlying microbubble-enhanced non-focused ultrasound treatment of liver trauma. Thirty rabbits with liver trauma were randomly divided into three groups-the microbubble-enhanced ultrasound (MEUS; further subdivided based on exposure intensity into MEUS1 [0.11 W/cm(2)], MEUS2 [0.55 W/cm(2)], and MEUS3 [1.1 W/cm(2)]), ultrasound without microbubbles (US), and microbubbles without ultrasound (MB) groups. The pre- and post-treatment bleeding weight and visual bleeding scores were evaluated...
September 15, 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625999/association-between-the-pancreatic-enzyme-level-and-organ-failure-in-trauma-patients
#16
Arulselvi Subramanian, Venencia Albert, Biplab Mishra, Shilpi Sanoria, Ravindra Mohan Pandey
BACKGROUND: The literature suggests an association of pancreatic enzymes with systemic inflammation resulting in secondary organ injury and dysfunction following trauma. Elevation in serum enzymes may not always be predictive of pancreatic disease, and can reflect extra pancreatic production. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the rise in serum pancreatic enzyme levels with the incidence of organ failure following trauma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on critically injured patients from December 2009 to March 2010...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617406/burn-wound-mucormycosis-a-case-study-on-poor-wound-healing
#17
Bryan Stanistreet, Derek Bell
Mucormycosis is a rare, rapidly progressive and often fatal fungal infection. The rarity of the condition lends itself to unfamiliarity, delayed treatment, and poor outcomes. Diagnosis of fungal infections early enough to enable appropriate treatment occurs in less than half of affected patients. A 56-year-old male with a history of diabetes mellitus II, hepatitis C, and intravenous drug abuse was involved in a rollover motor vehicle accident. He sustained circumferential partial and full-thickness burns to his lower extremities with 20% BSA burns...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599394/hepatic-dysfunction-a-common-occurrence-in-severely-injured-patients
#18
A Saloojee, D L Skinner, E Loots, T C Hardcastle, D J J Muckart
BACKGROUND: Hepatic dysfunction (HD) is a common finding in critically ill patients. The underlying pathophysiological process is one of either cholestasis or hypoxic liver injury (HLI). Using serum bilirubin, our study aimed to determine the incidence of HD in a critically ill trauma population, identify risk factors and analyse the impact on outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed on all patients admitted to the Level 1 Trauma Unit ICU at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital in Durban, South Africa (IALCH) from 01/01/2012 until 31/12/2012...
September 1, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574344/correlating-mdct-liver-injury-grade-and-clinical-outcome-in-patients-without-significant-extra-hepatic-injury
#19
Ravi Kumar, Atin Kumar, Vinit Baliyan, Shivanand Gamanagatti, Ashu Seith Bhalla, Raju Sharma, Amit Gupta, Subodh Kumar, M C Misra
The aim of the study was to correlate multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) grading with clinical severity and outcome in liver trauma patients without significant extrahepatic injury. Over a period of 2 years (2011-2013), all patients showing evidence of liver injury on contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) abdomen and without significant extrahepatic trauma were prospectively included in the study. Correlation between the CT injury grade and outcome in terms of mortality, duration of ICU/hospital stay, fluid and blood requirements, need for intervention and complications were assessed...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561373/posttraumatic-levels-of-liver-enzymes-can-reduce-the-need-for-ct-in-children-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#20
Peter James Bruhn, Lene Østerballe, Jens Hillingsø, Lars Bo Svendsen, Frederik Helgstrand
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard in the initial evaluation of the hemodynamically stable patient with suspected liver trauma. However, the adverse effects of radiation exposure are of specific concern in the pediatric population. It is therefore desirable to explore alternative diagnostic modalities. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) are hepatic enzymes, which are elevated in peripheral blood in relation to liver injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate a potential role of normal liver transaminase levels in the decision algorithm in suspected pediatric blunt liver trauma...
2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
keyword
keyword
109677
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"