keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

extra pulmonary tb

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633485/re-whole-genome-sequencing-identifies-nosocomial-transmission-of-extra-pulmonary-m-tuberculosis
#1
David A Barr, Tom A Yates
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606177/recent-household-transmission-of-tuberculosis-in-england-2010-2012-retrospective-national-cohort-study-combining-epidemiological-and-molecular-strain-typing-data
#2
Maeve K Lalor, Laura F Anderson, Esther L Hamblion, Andy Burkitt, Jennifer A Davidson, Helen Maguire, Ibrahim Abubakar, H Lucy Thomas
BACKGROUND: We estimate the proportion of tuberculosis (TB) in England due to recent household transmission, identify factors associated with being a household transmitter, and investigate the impact that identification of a case has on time to treatment of subsequent cases. METHODS: TB cases notified between 2010 and 2012 in England in the same household as another case were identified; 24 locus MIRU-VNTR strain typing (ST) was used to identify household cases with likely recent transmission...
June 13, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566080/-molecular-epidemiology-of-human-mycobacterium-bovis-infection-in-aegean-region-turkey
#3
Cengiz Çavuşoğlu, Fethiye Ferda Yılmaz
Mycobacterium bovis, which has a broader host spectrum as opposed to Mycobacterium tuberculosis that generally causes disease in humans, mainly leads to chronic progressive pulmonary disease in a large number of domestic and wild mammals, particularly cattle. The term "zoonotic tuberculosis (TB)" is used to describe M.bovis infection in humans. "Zoonotic TB" can not be differentiated clinically, radiologically or pathologically from TB caused by M.tuberculosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of M...
April 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559516/cholecalciferol-for-prophylaxis-against-antituberculosis-therapy-induced-liver-disorders-among-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-a-randomized-comparative-study
#4
Ahmad Farooq Alsayed Hasanain, Ali Abdel-Azeem Hasan Zayed, Reem Ezzat Mahdy, Amany Mohamed Adawi Nafee
BACKGROUND: Patients in countries endemic for chronic viral hepatitis are more vulnerable to antituberculosis therapy-induced liver disorders (ATT-LDs). The aim of this study was to explore the role of cholecalciferol in prophylaxis against ATT-LD among patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) receiving ATT. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based, prospective, randomized, comparative study which included 300 consecutive, naïve patients with pulmonary TB eligible for ATT...
April 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542255/detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-from-the-stool-of-hiv-sero-positive-individuals-suspected-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#5
Gizaw E Abaye, Tamrat Abebe, Adane Worku, Debela Tolessa, Gobena Ameni, Adane Mihret
BACKGROUND: The impact of tuberculosis (TB) is exacerbated in Africa because of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic. Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) diagnosis is difficult in HIV-infected patients and negative sputum results are more common which leads to diagnostic delay and increases morbidity and mortality. Extra-pulmonary samples such as stool may be easier to obtain and our approach may therefore significantly improve PTB detection in people living with HIV. OBJECTIVE: To detect Mycobacterium tuberculosis from the stool of HIV sero-positive individuals suspected of pulmonary TB...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540230/genital-tuberculosis-current-status-of-diagnosis-and-management
#6
REVIEW
Siddharth Yadav, Prabhjot Singh, Ashok Hemal, Rajeev Kumar
Genitourinary Tuberculosis (GUTB) is the second most common extra-pulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis (Tb) and an isolated involvement of genital organs is reported in 5-30% of the cases. Genital involvement results from primary reactivation of latent bacilli either in the epididymis or the prostate or by secondary spread from the already infected urinary organs. The epididymis are the commonest involved organs affected primarily by a hematogenous mode of spread. Tb is characterized by extensive destruction and fibrosis, thus an early diagnosis may prevent function and organ loss...
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514671/evaluation-of-improved-is6110-lamp-assay-for-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-and-extra-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#7
Deepali Joon, Manoj Nimesh, Mandira Varma-Basil, Daman Saluja
In the present study, IS6110 loop mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was modified using dUTP-UNG (uracil-DNA N-glycosylase) strategy to prevent carryover contamination, and was evaluated using clinical specimens. The clinical specimens were collected from 236 suspected patients of pulmonary tuberculosis and 315 specimens of suspected patients of extra pulmonary tuberculosis. DNA was extracted from specimens and used as template for nucleic acid amplification. The results were evaluated with culture method as gold standard...
May 14, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511468/tuberculosis-of-acromioclavicular-joint
#8
Archit Agarwal, Amish Bhandari, Rajesh Maheshwari
Tuberculosis (TB) arthritis accounts for approximately 1%-3% of all cases of TB and for approximately 10%-11% of extra pulmonary cases. Isolated acromioclavicular joint TB has been reported rarely with varied presentations as case series of one to three cases none of them being large studies. In our case, patient presented with pain in left shoulder since one month. Patient was investigated and was diagnosed to have acromioclavicular joint TB on basis of positive Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) stain and cytology. Patient recovered well with antitubercular therapy...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511392/the-diagnostic-value-of-urine-lipoarabinomannan-lam-antigen-in-childhood-tuberculosis
#9
Agustin Iskandar, Erlin Nursiloningrum, Maimun Zulhaidah Arthamin, Ery Olivianto, Mas Slamet Chandrakusuma
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) in children is difficult because the clinical presentation is not specific, the chest X-ray interpretation has low accuracy and sputum sample is difficult to obtain. Antigen detection test such as rapid urine LAM is a non-invasive alternative for diagnosing TB . Lipoarabinomannan (LAM) is the main component of M.tuberculosis cell wall. AIM: To determine the diagnostic value of urinary LAM antigen for diagnosis of childhood TB...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502224/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-paediatric-tuberculosis-an-insight-review
#10
Nityananda Mandal, Parveen Kumar Anand, Subhash Gautam, Shritam Das, Tahziba Hussain
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem, invading all age groups world-wide. It is an opportunistic infection affecting the individuals alone or with co-infections. Childhood TB is a neglected aspect and a significant health problem in epidemic areas. It constitutes more than 20% of TB incidence. Pediatric TB exists in the shadow of adult TB. The clinicians concentrate on pulmonary manifestation of TB, whereas it is a major problem in both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary infections. The rate of infection with this disease is mostly associated with poverty, social disruption and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection...
August 2017: Critical Reviews in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501491/diagnostic-usefulness-of-xpert-mtb-rif-assay-for-detection-of-tuberculous-meningitis-using-cerebrospinal-fluid
#11
Syed Beenish Rufai, Amit Singh, Jitendra Singh, Parveen Kumar, Manimuthu Mani Sankar, Sarman Singh
OBJECTIVE: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) due to association of diseases with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Diagnosis continues to be a clinical challenge as microbiological confirmation is rare and time consuming resulting in delayed treatment. Xpert MTB/RIF assay is a rapid and simple test, which has been endorsed by World Health Organization as an initial diagnostic test for the diagnosis of TBM. However, evidence still lacks for its performance on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for the diagnosis of TBM especially from India...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501036/tuberculosis-in-liver-transplant-recipients-a-report-of-eight-cases-during-a-five-year-period
#12
Diana Póvoas, João Machado, Rui Perdigoto, Ana Morbey, Júlio Veloso, Helena Glória, Élia Mateus, Américo Martins, Fernando Maltez, Eduardo Barroso
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis incidence in Portugal ranged from 20 to 22 cases per 100 000 inhabitants between 2010 and 2014. Tuberculosis incidence in liver transplant recipients is not precisely known, but it is estimated to be higher than among the general population. Tuberculosis in liver transplant recipients is particularly challenging because of the atypical clinical presentation and side effects of the antibacillary drugs and their potential interactions with immunosuppressive therapies...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499279/a-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-in-the-interferon-%C3%AE-gene-ifng-874-t-a-is-associated-with-susceptibility-to-tuberculosis
#13
Zhang Wei, Shen Wenhao, Mi Yuanyuan, Li Yang, Daming Zhou, Xian Jiangchun, Jiang Jijun
Interferon-γ (Interferon gamma, IFNG) is an important cytokine involved in providing resistance to mycobacterial diseases. Common variants of IFNG, such as IFNG +874 T/A(rs2430561), may be related to tuberculosis susceptibility, but this association has not been consistently observed. We performed an updated meta-analysis to evaluate the association between the IFNG +874 T/A (rs2430561) polymorphism and tuberculosis susceptibility. PubMed and SinoMed databases were searched up to October 2016, and odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to assess the association strength...
April 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482963/paradoxical-upgrading-reaction-in-extra-pulmonary-tuberculosis-association-with-vitamin-d-therapy
#14
D A Barr, A K Coussens, S Irvine, N D Ritchie, K Herbert, B Choo-Kang, D Raeside, D J Bell, R A Seaton
SETTING: Glasgow, Scotland, UK. BACKGROUND: Paradoxical reactions in tuberculosis (TB) are a notable example of our incomplete understanding of host-pathogen interactions during anti-tuberculosis treatment. OBJECTIVES: To determine risk factors for a TB paradoxical reaction, and specifically to assess for an independent association with vitamin D use. DESIGN: Consecutive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) negative adult patients treated for extra-pulmonary TB were identified from an Extended Surveillance of Mycobacterial Infections database...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482961/low-prevalence-of-malnourishment-among-household-contacts-of-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-guinea-bissau
#15
C B Patsche, F Rudolf, S W Mogensen, A Sifna, V F Gomes, S Byberg, C Wejse
SETTING: An urban demographic surveillance site in Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, West Africa.BACKGROUND We hypothesised that if previous malnutrition plays a part in acquiring active tuberculosis (TB) disease, households of TB cases would have a higher prevalence of malnutrition than those of healthy controls. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing nutritional and socio-economic status of all newly diagnosed patients with TB in 2014 with household contacts (persons residing in the household of TB cases) and random controls...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482958/care-seeking-and-treatment-related-delay-among-childhood-tuberculosis-patients-in-delhi-india
#16
A Kalra
OBJECTIVE: To examine delays in treatment initiation among child tuberculosis (TB) patients and to identify associated factors. METHOD: A multistage cluster random sampling strategy was used to select 175 parents/care givers of childhood TB patients from eight district TB centres covered by the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme in Delhi for interview in a cross-sectional survey. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify associated factors...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469918/a-chest-wall-mass-after-breast-carcinoma-surgery-a-simple-diagnosis
#17
Fabrizio Minervini, Ladina Greuter, Peter Kestenholz, Tino Schneider, Christine Gutmann, André Emanuel Dutly
Tuberculosis affects pulmonary and extra-pulmonary sites with a multitude of differing presentations. The involvement of thoracic wall is a rare entity. We report the case of a patient who had a tumefaction on the right chest wall 6 months after a right breast mastectomy. After an initial radiological suspicion of malignancy, we detected intraoperatively an abscess in which histologic examination revealed granulomas with multinucleated giant cells.
July 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449659/vitamin-d-and-activated-vitamin-d-in-tuberculosis-in-equatorial-malaysia-a-prospective-clinical-study
#18
Anna P Ralph, Muhammad Redzwan S Rashid Ali, Timothy William, Kim Piera, Uma Parameswaran, Elspeth Bird, Christopher S Wilkes, Wai Khew Lee, Tsin Wen Yeo, Nicholas M Anstey
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency (low plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25D] concentration) is often reported in tuberculosis. Adjunctive vitamin D has been tested for its potential to improve treatment outcomes, but has proven largely ineffective. To better understand vitamin D in tuberculosis, we investigated determinants of 25D and its immunologically active form, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25D), their inter-relationship in tuberculosis, longitudinal changes and association with outcome...
April 27, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449528/the-link-between-tuberculosis-and-body-mass-index
#19
EDITORIAL
Aaron R Casha, Marco Scarci
The evidence behind the strong correlation between reactivation of tuberculosis (TB) and low body mass index (BMI) was reviewed. This strong association between TB and BMI occurred only with pulmonary TB and not extra-pulmonary TB, indicating that a low-BMI body build may in some way predispose to TB reactivation in the lungs. A possible explanation may be the congenital apical lung bullae that occur in 15% of the population and are likely to enlarge in young low-BMI males since biomechanical modeling of pleural stress has shown a massive 40x increase in apical pleural stress in low antero-posterior (AP) diameter chests associated with a low-BMI build...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430807/diagnosis-of-smear-negative-tuberculosis-is-greatly-improved-by-xpert-mtb-rif
#20
Giulia Lombardi, Valentina Di Gregori, Nicolò Girometti, Marina Tadolini, Francesco Bisognin, Paola Dal Monte
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of pulmonary (PTB) and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) in smear-negative patients can be difficult. We assessed retrospectively the performance of Xpert MTB/RIF system (Xpert, Cepheid) in diagnosing smear-negative tuberculosis (TB), which represents the most common form of TB in a low incidence setting. METHODS: Performance of Xpert was compared to acid-fast microscopic examination using Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) stain in patients with culture-confirmed TB...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
109665
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"