keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

extra pulmonary tb

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917197/profile-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-northeastern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Daniel Mekonnen, Awoke Derbie, Hailu Mekonnen, Yohannes Zenebe
BACKGROUND: Data on the epidemiology of tuberculosis and its treatment outcomes were incomplete in the study area and this study was done to fill this gap. METHODS: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted from January 2011 to December 2014. A total of 949 TB patients who were on treatment in North Eastern Ethiopia, Eastern Amhara region were included. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Frequency, percentages and means were used to present data...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895668/oral-tuberculosis-a-rare-manifestation-of-disseminated-disease-in-a-patient-with-dermatomyositis-on-chronic-corticosteroids
#2
Dina Khateeb, Mohleen Kang, Eugenio Capitle, Mirela Feurdean
Tuberculosis remains one of the leading causes of death around the world despite advancements in diagnostic testing and medical therapies. It commonly affects the lungs, but isolated extra pulmonary clinical manifestations have been reported. Tuberculosis of the oral cavity is exceedingly rare. We present a case of a patient with dermatomyositis on chronic steroid therapy, who presented with tuberculosis involving the tongue as the only clinical manifestation of disseminated disease. Physicians must be aware of extra pulmonary manifestations of tuberculosis in patients at risk, in order to avoid delays in diagnosis and treatment and to prevent further contagion...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863623/tuberculous-lymphadenitis-of-the-head-and-neck-in-canadian-children-experience-from-a-low-burden-region
#3
Jason J Xu, Shazia Peer, Blake C Papsin, Ian Kitai, Evan J Propst
BACKGROUND: Children are more likely than adults to develop extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB), which often presents as cervical lymphadenopathy. The role of surgery in management is uncertain. We reviewed all head and neck EPTB cases presenting to our tertiary care pediatric institution over a twelve-year period. METHODS: All children 18 years of age and younger with EPTB involving the head and neck were included. We recorded clinical data and age at diagnosis, birth country, BCG vaccination status, as well as radiographic, surgical, histological, and microbiological results...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799063/tuberculosis-care-strategies-and-their-economic-consequences-for-patients-the-missing-link-to-end-tuberculosis
#4
Belete Getahun, Moges Wubie, Getiye Dejenu, Tsegahun Manyazewal
BACKGROUND: While investment in the development of Tuberculosis (TB) treatment strategies is essential, it cannot be assumed that the strategies are affordable for TB patients living in countries with high economic constraints. This study aimed to determine the economic consequences of directly observed therapy for TB patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional cost-of-illness analysis was conducted between September to November 2015 among 576 randomly selected adult TB patients who were on directly observed treatment in 27 public health facilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 1, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796776/hepatic-and-intra-abdominal-tuberculosis-2016-update
#5
REVIEW
Richard P T Evans, Moustafa Mabrouk Mourad, Lee Dvorkin, Simon R Bramhall
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB) infection affects nearly 10 million people a year and causes 1.5 million deaths. TB is common in the immunosuppressed population with 12 % of all new diagnoses occurring in human immune deficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients. Extra-pulmonary TB occurs in 12 % of patients with active TB infection of which 3.5 % is hepatobiliary and 6-38 % is intra-abdominal. Hepatobiliary and intra-abdominal TB can present with a myriad of non-specific symptoms, and therefore, diagnosis requires a high level of suspicion...
December 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794093/verbal-autopsy-assigned-causes-of-death-among-adults-being-investigated-for-tb-in-south-africa
#6
Noriah Maraba, Aaron S Karat, Kerrigan McCarthy, Gavin J Churchyard, Salome Charalambous, Kathleen Kahn, Alison D Grant, Violet Chihota
BACKGROUND: Adults being investigated for TB in South Africa experience high mortality, yet causes of death (CoD) are not well defined. We determined CoD in this population using verbal autopsy (VA), and compared HIV- and TB-associated CoD using physician-certified verbal autopsy (PCVA) and InterVA-4 software. METHODS: All contactable consenting caregivers of participants who died during a trial comparing Xpert MTB/RIF to smear microscopy were interviewed using the WHO VA tool...
September 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792979/pretracheal-tuberculous-abcess-mimicking-a-thyroid-swelling-a-case-report
#7
Sambi G Reddy, Jerusha Daggolu
INTRODUCTION: Pretracheal tubercular abscess is a rare presentation of extra pulmonary tuberculosis even in TB- endemic areas (WHO, 2014 [3]). It usually presents in posterior triangle group of lymph nodes (Baskota et al., 2004 [2]). PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a lower midline swelling in anterior part of the neck of 6 months duration, with dysphagia of 1 month duration. Radiological diagnosis was established as tuberculous abscess and was drained...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790474/patient-and-healthcare-system-delays-in-the-start-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-treatment-among-tribal-patients-registered-under-dots-odisha
#8
Sudipta Basa, S Venkatesh
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly infectious disease which continues to be an important public health problem worldwide. AIM: This study puts an effort to determine patient and health system delay in diagnosis and treatment and association to specific types of delay among tribals in Mayurbhanj district, Odisha. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 261 TB patients reporting to 4 TB Units of Mayurbhanj were interviewed using pre-tested structured questionnaire...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776585/incidence-of-tuberculosis-meningitis-in-a-high-hiv-prevalence-setting-time-series-analysis-from-2006-to-2011
#9
S Chaya, Z Dangor, F Solomon, S A Nzenze, A Izu, S A Madhi
SETTING: This study was undertaken at a tertiary hospital in Soweto, a peri-urban low-middle income setting. Mycobacterium tuberculosis meningitis (TBM) is a severe manifestation of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis. OBJECTIVE: To describe the incidence, mortality and clinical features of TBM in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected and non-infected children in South Africa from 2006 to 2011. DESIGN: A retrospective, cross-sectional descriptive study...
November 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735162/idiopathic-cd4-lymphocytopenia
#10
P K Ramalingam, K Gayathri, Rpsp Santhakumar, B V Manjunath, N Karuppuswamy, B Vetriveeran, S Selvamani, P Vishnuram, Kumar Natarajan
We report a 42 year old male who was an interesting case of "idiopathic CD4 lymphocytopenia"(ICL) in a non-HIV adult with-extra pulmonary tuberculosis along with the diffuse splenic calcification and whose symptoms improved with Antitubercular treatment. He was found to have low CD4 counts on two occasions.
May 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735145/anti-ccp-antibodies-in-tuberculosis
#11
Vikram Londhey, Meghav M Shah
INTRODUCTION: Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies have been considered very specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some studies have shown that these antibodies can be positive in infectious diseases like TB, HIV, etc. METHODS: Fifty patients of tuberculosis both pulmonary and extra-pulmonary were enrolled in the study from inpatient and outpatient departments from May 2012 to November 2013. Anti-CCP antibody test was done in all the patient by ELISA...
May 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733630/evaluation-of-the-abbott-realtime-mtb-and-realtime-mtb-inh-rif-assays-for-direct-detection-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex-and-resistance-markers-in-respiratory-and-extrapulmonary-specimens
#12
Sabine Hofmann-Thiel, Nikolay Molodtsov, Uladzimir Antonenka, Harald Hoffmann
The Abbott RealTime MTB (RT MTB) assay is a new automated nucleic acid amplification test for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) in clinical specimens. In combination with the RealTime MTB INH/RIF (RT MTB INH/RIF) resistance assay, which can be applied to RT MTB-positive specimens as an add-on assay, the tests also indicate the genetic markers of resistance to isoniazid (INH) and rifampin (RIF). We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of RT MTB using different types of respiratory and extrapulmonary specimens and to compare performance characteristics directly with those of the FluoroType MTB assay...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733244/tuberculosis-diabetes-epidemiology-in-the-border-and-non-border-regions-of-tamaulipas-mexico
#13
Bassent E Abdelbary, Moncerrato Garcia-Viveros, Horacio Ramirez-Oropesa, Mohammad H Rahbar, Blanca I Restrepo
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a re-emerging risk factor for TB development and adverse TB outcomes. As a follow-up of our previous study in 1998-2004, we reassessed prevalence of DM and its associated factors among 8431 TB patients using surveillance data from 2006 to 2013 for the Mexican state of Tamaulipas, across the border with Texas. Prevalence of DM was 25.2%, with an increase of at least 2.8% over the study period. Newly discovered factors associated with TB-DM (versus no DM) were lower education and higher unemployment (p < 0...
September 28, 2016: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732650/treatment-of-active-tuberculosis-in-chicago-2008-2011-the-role-of-public-health-departments
#14
Reid Fletcher, Joshua D Jones, Neha S Shah
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate differences in TB outcomes among different provider types in Chicago, IL. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all TB cases reported to the Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH) from 2008 through 2011. Provider type was stratified into three groups: public, public-private, and private providers. Multivariate regression was used to evaluate treatment duration and time to sputum culture conversion. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to assess treatment completion...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730779/abdominal-tuberculosis
#15
Pravin Rathi, Pravir Gambhire
Abdomen is involved in 11% of patients with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; The most common site of involvement is the ileocaecal region, other locations of involvement, in order of descending frequency, are the ascending colon, jejunum, appendix, duodenum, stomach, oesophagus, sigmoid colon, and rectum. Apart from the basic work up, Investigations like CT scan, EUS, Capsule endoscopy, Balloon enteroscopy, Ascitic fluid ADA, TB-PCR, GeneXpert, Laproscopy are being increasingly used to diagnose tuberculosis.Therapy with standard antituberculous drugs is usually highly effective for intestinal TB...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727403/epidemiology-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-pavia-province-lombardy-northern-italy-1998-2013
#16
Elisa Fronti, Marco Vecchia, Luigia Scudeller, Liliana Praticò, Piero Marone, Alba Muzzi, Lorenzo Minoli, Elena Seminari
This study investigated the epidemiology of tuberculosis in the last 16 years in the province of Pavia, Lombardy, Northern Italy. The objective was to evaluate the clinical pattern of tuberculosis in immigrant groups compared with Italians in an observational retrospective study conducted from 1998 to 2013. In all, 615 tuberculosis cases were admitted, 354 males (57.3%), median age 47 years, 425 (69.1%) Italian-born patients, 190 (30.9%) immigrants. The ratio between the immigrant group and the Italian-born group of patients increased from 1...
September 13, 2016: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725046/treatment-outcomes-of-daily-anti-tuberculosis-treatment-in-hiv-infected-patients-seeking-care-at-a-private-clinic-in-india
#17
R Parchure, V Kulkarni, R Gangakhedkar, S Swaminathan
SETTING: Little is known about outcomes of patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) who are treated in the private sector in India. OBJECTIVE: To describe the treatment outcomes of daily anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) and their determinants among HIV-TB co-infected patients treated at a private clinic in Pune, India. DESIGN: Data on adult HIV-TB co-infected patients treated with daily ATT were analysed using logistic regression and Cox model to assess risk factors for default and death...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725042/loss-to-follow-up-among-adolescents-with-tuberculosis-in-gaborone-botswana
#18
L A Enane, E D Lowenthal, T Arscott-Mills, M Matlhare, L S Smallcomb, B Kgwaadira, S E Coffin, A P Steenhoff
SETTING: Nine high-burden public tuberculosis (TB) clinics in Gaborone, Botswana. OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical characteristics and outcomes among adolescents with TB and compare loss to follow-up (LTFU) rates with that among youth and adult cases. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of TB cases registered from 2012 to 2014. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes were compared among adolescents (age 10-19 years), youth (20-24 years) and a systematic sample of adults (⩾25 years)...
October 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706152/the-transcriptional-signature-of-active-tuberculosis-reflects-symptom-status-in-extra-pulmonary-and-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#19
Simon Blankley, Christine M Graham, Jacob Turner, Matthew P R Berry, Chloe I Bloom, Zhaohui Xu, Virginia Pascual, Jacques Banchereau, Damien Chaussabel, Ronan Breen, George Santis, Derek M Blankenship, Marc Lipman, Anne O'Garra
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is a leading cause of infectious death worldwide. Gene-expression microarray studies profiling the blood transcriptional response of tuberculosis (TB) patients have been undertaken in order to better understand the host immune response as well as to identify potential biomarkers of disease. To date most of these studies have focused on pulmonary TB patients with gene-expression profiles of extra-pulmonary TB patients yet to be compared to those of patients with pulmonary TB or sarcoidosis...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698595/study-of-the-status-of-tuberculosis-control-program-based-on-the-implementation-of-the-directly-observed-treatment-short-course-strategy-dots
#20
Fereshteh Farzianpour, Mahdokht Afarin Kooshad
INTRODUCTION: Ascendant trend of tuberculosis in the world introduces this disease to be one of the most important infectious diseases in the world. So that every year, 9 million people are afflicted to active TB and about 5.1 million people die of the disease. As the HIV contaminated cases are increased, emergence and spread field of Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) bacilli has been provided. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the Tuberculosis Control Program from 2005 to 2012 to determine the overall situation of disease epidemiology and prioritized strategies in disease control program within the south of Tehran...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
keyword
keyword
109665
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"