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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209448/management-of-post-traumatic-elbow-instability-after-failed-radial-head-excision-a-case-report
#1
Georgios Touloupakis, Emmanouil Theodorakis, Fabio Favetti, Massimiliano Nannerini
Radial head excision has always been a safe commonly used surgical procedure with a satisfactory clinical outcome for isolated comminuted radial head fractures. However, diagnosis of elbow instability is still very challenging and often underestimated in routine orthopaedic evaluation. We present the case of a 21-years old female treated with excision after radial head fracture, resulting in elbow instability. The patient underwent revision surgery after four weeks. We believe that ligament reconstruction without radial head substitution is a safe alternative choice for Mason III radial head fractures accompanied by complex ligament lesions...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206959/association-of-polymorphisms-rs1800012-in-col1a1-with-sports-related-tendon-and-ligament-injuries-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Chunguang Wang, Hao Li, Kang Chen, Bing Wu, Haifeng Liu
It has been reported that the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800012 in COL1A1 might be associated with the susceptibility to sports-related tendon and ligament injuries such as ACL injuries, Achilles tendon injuries, shoulder dislocations and tennis elbow. But the data from different studies have been conflicting. Here we attempted to systematically summarize and clarify the association between the SNP and sports-related tendon and ligament injuries risk. Six eligible studies including 933 cases and 1,381 controls were acquired from PubMed, Web Of Science and Cochrane library databases...
February 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205469/valgus-instability-of-the-elbow-due-to-medial-epicondyle-nonunion-treatment-by-fragment-excision-and-medial-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Yasunori Kaneshiro, Noriaki Hidaka, Koichi Yano, Makoto Fukuda, Hideki Sakanaka
BACKGROUND: The medial epicondyle nonunion becomes symptomatic valgus instability with medial elbow pain and joint instability due to dysfunction of the medial collateral ligament (MCL), thus requiring surgical treatment. The purpose of the present study is to report the clinical result of the fragment excision and ligament reconstruction by free tendon graft in the treatment of symptomatic medial epicondyle nonunion. METHODS: A retrospective study of five consecutive patients was performed...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203598/treatment-of-ulnar-collateral-ligament-tears-of-the-elbow-is-repair-a-viable-option
#4
Brandon J Erickson, Bernard R Bach, Nikhil N Verma, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Anthony A Romeo
BACKGROUND: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) tears have become common, and UCL reconstruction (UCLR) is currently the preferred surgical treatment method for treating UCL tears. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to review the literature surrounding UCL repair and determine the viability of new repair techniques for treatment of UCL tears. We hypothesized that UCL repair techniques will provide comparable results to UCLR for treatment of UCL tears...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164054/a-very-rare-presentation-of-type-1-monteggia-equivalent-fracture-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-forearm-approach-with-outcome-case-report
#5
Dhananjay Singh, Bhanu Awasthi, Vikas Padha, Sanjay Thakur
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of Type 1 Monteggia equivalent injury with intact radio-capitellar congruity, associated with epiphyseal fracture of distal radius and distal ulna shaft in an 11-year-old boy. There are only a few cases of Monteggia or Monteggia equivalent injury with ipsilateral forearm fractures in children, and injury pattern being reported by us is not only rare but also the only case reported thus far to the best of our knowledge, Sood et al. described Type 1 equivalent with epiphyseal injuries of both radius and ulna Osada et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160902/elbow-instability-anatomy-biomechanics-diagnostic-maneuvers-and-testing
#6
REVIEW
Lauren E Karbach, John Elfar
The elbow comprises a complex of bony and ligamentous stabilizers that provide both primary and secondary constraints to elbow instability. Through trauma and overuse, classic instability patterns arise by loss of these important stabilizers. The diagnosis of elbow instability can made using specific examination maneuvers and testing to diagnose the clinical pattern. This article reviews the elbow's unique anatomy and biomechanical characteristics and these are applied when reviewing the maneuvers and testing used to diagnose elbow instability...
February 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149731/modified-jobe-approach-with-docking-technique-for%C3%A2-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction
#7
Daniel J Kaplan, Sergio A Glait, William E Ryan, Laith M Jazrawi
The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the elbow acts as the primary restraint to valgus force experienced in the late cocking and early acceleration phases of overhead throwing. If the UCL or dynamic flexor-pronator musculature is incompetent, elbow extension and valgus torque, as seen in throwing, can result in posteromedial impingement with subsequent chondromalacia and osteophyte formation. Before the first UCL reconstruction, performed by Frank Jobe in 1974, this injury was considered career ending in overhead athletes...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149211/biomechanical-comparison-of-suture-button-suspensionplasty-and-lrti-for-basilar-thumb-arthritis
#8
Mihir J Desai, David M Brogan, Marc J Richard, Suhail K Mithani, Fraser J Leversedge, David S Ruch
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the initial biomechanical strength of trapeziectomy and suture-button suspensionplasty (SBS) with ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition (LRTI) for thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) arthritis in a cadaveric model. Methods: Eight matched pairs of below-elbow cadaveric arms were used for this study. Each specimen was randomly assigned to either receive a trapeziectomy and LRTI (LRTI group) or trapeziectomy and SBS (SBS group). Using previously described and validated testing protocols, physiological key pinch was simulated...
December 2016: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149190/prefered-surgical-technique-used-by-orthopedists-in-acute-acromioclavicular-dislocation
#9
Alexandre Yukio Nishimi, Demetrio Simão Arbex, Diogo Lucas Campos Martins, Carlos Vinicius Buarque DE Gusmão, Roberto Rangel Bongiovanni, Luciano Pascarelli
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether training on shoulder and elbow surgery influences the orthopedist surgeons' preferred technique to address acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation (ACD). METHODS: A survey was conducted with shoulder and elbow specialists and general orthopedists on their preferred technique to address acute ACD. RESULTS: Thirty specialists and forty-five general orthopedists joined the study. Most specialists preferred the endobutton technique, while most general orthopedists preferred the modified Phemister procedure for coracoclavicular ligament repair using anchors...
September 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143581/a-modified-approach-for-elbow-arthroscopy-using-an-adjustable-arm-holder
#10
Alvin Chao-Yu Chen, Chun-Jui Weng, Chih-Hao Chiu, Shih-Sheng Chang, Chun-Ying Cheng, Yi-Sheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Position shifting from elbow arthroscopy to open surgery could complicate the surgical procedures; patient safety and risks of contamination are of concern. The aim of this study is to retrospectively assess the safety and efficacy of elbow arthroscopy in 32 elbows of 32 patients using a modified arm holder to facilitate subsequent open surgery in supine position. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study in arthroscopy of the elbow performed with patients in the supine position under general or regional anesthesia...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106674/open-surgical-release-of-posttraumatic-elbow-contracture-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Samantha L Piper, Lisa L Lattanza, Tony S Shen, Lindley B Wall, Charles A Goldfarb
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic elbow contractures in children and adolescents are challenging to manage, and studies investigating surgical treatment are limited by the rarity of this condition. Small case series have shown variable gains in immediate and long-term elbow arc of motion after open surgical release. We reviewed our experience with open surgical release of posttraumatic elbow contracture in patients <21 years old at 2 institutions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review identified patients who underwent posttraumatic open elbow contracture release by 2 surgeons at 2 institutions between 2006 and 2013...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104095/application-of-distal-radius-positioned-hinged-external-fixator-in-complete-open-release-for-severe-elbow-stiffness
#12
Yi Zhou, Jiang-Yu Cai, Shuai Chen, Shen Liu, Wei Wang, Cun-Yi Fan
BACKGROUND: Radical release for severe stiff elbows may lead to instability. Hinged external fixation is used to treat unstable elbows. We hypothesized that extensive open release combined with a distal radius-positioned hinged external fixator would have good performance and low complications rate in treating severe elbow stiffness. Thus, the efficacy and security of this technique were assessed in this study. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 38 post-traumatic elbows with severe stiffness that underwent arthrolysis between February 2011 and February 2014...
February 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100234/arthroscopic-reduction-and-fixation-of-coronoid-fractures-with-an-exchange-rod-a-new-technique
#13
Kan Ouyang, Daping Wang, Wei Lu, Jianyi Xiong, Jian Xu, Liangquan Peng, Haifeng Liu, Hao Li, Wenzhe Feng
BACKGROUND: The ulnar coronoid process plays a central role in maintaining elbow stability. Some of its fractures were often combined with injury of bone and ligament. Arthroscopy enables perfect visualization to allow anatomical repair. METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2013, six patients (four males, two females) with a mean age of 26.6 years were treated. The left and right ulnas were involved in two and four patients, respectively. All patients suffered from ipsilateral subluxation of the elbow without associated radial fracture...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098706/current-trends-in-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-surgery-among-newly-trained-orthopaedic-surgeons
#14
Ryan M Degen, Christopher L Camp, Johnathan A Bernard, David M Dines, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
INTRODUCTION: Ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions are being performed with an increasing annual incidence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate trends in UCL surgery among recently trained orthopaedic surgeons. METHODS: The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgeons (ABOS) database was used to identify all UCL reconstructions from 2004 to 2013. Procedures were identified by Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes and verified by International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090003/primary-hinged-external-fixation-of-terrible-triad-injuries-and-olecranon-fracture-dislocations-of-the-elbow
#15
Kensuke Sakai, Masahiro Shirahama, Naoto Shiba, Kenji Yoshida, Shiro Yoshida
This study aimed to introduce a new treatment that apples primary hinged external fixation for complex fracture-dislocations of the elbow in 12 cases. We retrospectively assessed the functional outcomes of eight patients with terrible triad injuries and three patients with an olecranon fracture-dislocation of the elbow, who were treated at our hospital using a primary hinged external fixator between June 2012 and December 2014. Ten patients underwent repair or replacement of the radial head, while three underwent repair of the olecranon...
January 16, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087397/elbow-locking-in-a-patient-with-a-congenital-radial-head-dislocation-case-report
#16
H-J Kim, P-T Kim, H-J Lee, M F Deslivia
Snapping elbow is a rare condition, which has various possible causes such as impinged plica, annular ligament, or other extra-articular causes. We report a case of 15-year-old boy who had had snapping elbow and sudden-onset flexion contracture of the elbow. Simple radiographs showed bilateral anterior dislocation of hypoplastic radial heads. Magnetic resonance images with the elbow extended as much as possible showed that the annular ligament hemmed the dislocated radial neck. By surgical incision of the annular ligament which checkreined the radial neck, the patients could regain full extension of the elbow...
January 10, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087165/radiographic-comparison-of-adolescent-athletes-with-elbow-osteochondritis-dissecans-to-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-and-controls
#17
Brian C Lau, Nirav K Pandya
BACKGROUND: There are excellent data supporting recommendations to prevent elbow injuries (osteochondritis dissecans [OCD] and ulnar collateral ligament [UCL] injuries), such as pitch count and pitch type in baseball, but anatomic risk factors have not been thoroughly examined. This study aimed to evaluate radiographic measurements in adolescents with elbow OCD lesions or UCL injuries and controls. METHODS: We retrospectively identified adolescent patients between 2011 and 2016 with isolated capitellum OCD, UCL tear, or normal elbows based on magnetic resonance imaging...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065478/a-comparison-of-the-open-reduction-internal-fixation-and-resection-arthroplasty-techniques-in-treatment-of-mason-type-3-radial-head-fractures
#18
Yunus Emre Akman, Erhan Sukur, Esra Circi, Osman Nuri Ozyalvac, Fatih Ozyer, Yusuf Ozturkmen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare a series of patients surgically treated with ORIF or early resection arthroplasty due to isolated comminuted radial head fractures. METHODS: Between the years 2009 and 2013, 34 patients with isolated comminuted fractures of the radial head (Mason Type 3) had been operated (ORIF in 19 patients, resection arthroplasty in 15 patients). The mean age of the patients in the ORIF group was 38.5 years and 54 years in the resection group...
January 5, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052828/forearm-instability-anatomy-biomechanics-and-treatment-options
#19
REVIEW
Julie E Adams
The forearm unit consists of the radius and ulna, a complex and interrelated set of joints (distal radioulnar joint, proximal radioulnar joint) and the soft tissue stabilizers between the 3 bones. Distally, this is represented by the triangular fibrocartilage complex at the wrist, proximally by the annular ligament at the elbow, and in the forearm by the interosseous membrane. Disruptions in any of these structures may lead to forearm instability, with consequences at each of the remaining structures.
January 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043849/clavicle-fractures
#20
REVIEW
M Ropars, H Thomazeau, D Huten
Management of clavicle fracture has progressed over the last decade, notably with wider use of surgery in midshaft fracture, and new techniques for lateral fracture. Midshaft clavicle fracture treatment needs to be personalized and adapted to the patient's activity level. Whichever the segment involved, treatment for non-displaced fracture is functional; elbow-to-body sling immobilization seems the best tolerated. Apart from regular surgical indications (shoulder impaction, floating shoulder, open fracture or fracture with neurovascular complications), surgery is recommended in case of bone shortening exceeding 1...
December 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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