Read by QxMD icon Read


Gurinder Kumar, Vasudev Omprakash Sharma, Khalid Mohamed Mansour Mohamedfaris, Rajendran Nair, Aman Preet Singh Sohal
Differentiated thyroid cancer is a rare disease in children and adolescents and manifests exclusively in the form of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). We present a rare case of PTC who presented initially with lung symptoms and miliary nodules on chest X-ray. This case emphasises the important differential of miliary mottling of the lungs.A 7-year-old girl presented with history of neck swelling and change in voice for the past 9 months and progressively worsening dyspnoea for 5 months. She was assessed elsewhere and treated with multiple courses of antibiotics without relief, as well as levothyroxine 50 µg daily for new hypothyroidism...
November 15, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
Rachid Bouchentouf
The association achalasia and non tuberculous Mycobacteria lung infection is described in the literature. Most of the time Mycobacterium Fortuitum is responsible of aspiration pneumonia that didn't respond to usual antibiotic therapy. We report a new case about a 15 year-old woman with Allgrove's syndrome history. The chest imaging showed a right pulmonary condensation and the diagnosis was bacteriological. Mycobacterium Fortuitum resistant to Rifampicin, isoniazid, Pyrazinamide and ethamabutol was isolated...
May 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Roberto Alcántara, Patricia Fuentes, Ricardo Antiparra, Marco Santos, Robert H Gilman, Daniela E Kirwan, Mirko Zimic, Patricia Sheen
Although pyrazinamide (PZA) is a key component of first and second line tuberculosis treatment regimens, there is no gold standard to determine PZA resistance. Approximately 50% of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and over 90% of extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) strains are also PZA resistant. pnc A sequencing is the endorsed test to evaluate PZA susceptibility. However, molecular methods have limitations for their wide application.In this study we standardized and evaluated a new method to determine PZA resistance: MODS-Wayne...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Bai-Yu Lee, Daniel L Clemens, Aleidy Silva, Barbara Jane Dillon, Saša Masleša-Galić, Susana Nava, Chih-Ming Ho, Marcus A Horwitz
As current treatment of tuberculosis is burdensomely long, provoking non-adherence and drug resistance, effective short-course treatments are needed. Using the output-driven parabolic response surface (PRS) platform, we have identified drug regimens that treat tuberculosis more rapidly in mice than the current Standard Regimen used in humans. We show that PRS Regimen III, comprising clofazimine, SQ109, bedaquiline and pyrazinamide, rapidly sterilizes the lung both in conventionally studied BALB/c mice and in C3HeB/FeJ mice, highly susceptible mice that develop massive necrotic granulomatous lung lesions akin to those in humans, achieving relapse-free cure in only 4 weeks (p<0...
2018: PloS One
Jose Ruiz, Maedeh Ganji, Catarina Canha, Carmen Isache
Approximately 2 billion people, which is about one third of the world's population, are infected with tuberculosis (TB). Around 10% of infected people will develop active TB at one point in their lifetime. We present a rare case of a 68-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with a 2-week progressive dyspnea. In addition, the patient complained of generalized weakness, subjective fevers, and abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant. Ascites was noted on physical exam, and the patient underwent a diagnostic paracentesis with initial workup that was unrevealing for underlying etiology...
2018: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Arezoo Zarezadeh, Hamid Reza Rajabi, Omid Sheydaei, Habibollah Khajehsharifi
In the present study, electrochemical studies and potentiometric determination of captopril (CAP) drug were presented using a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and carbon paste electrode (CPE), respectively; which is modified with a synthetic nano-structured molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP). CAP-MIP sample with an average particle size of 95 nm was synthesized using a precipitation polymerization method. The electrochemical behavior of CAP was studied on a MIP modified GCE, in an aqueous solution at pH 3...
January 1, 2019: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Q X Liu, D T Guo, L Chen, S P Ou, L Huang, H Yan, X C Zheng, C X Weng, J Y Zhang
Objective: To investigate the changes of rifampin concentrations in pleural effusion before and after combination treatment with oral and pleural administration of rifampicin by electro-phonophoresis(EP). Methods: A self-control study was performed in 32 cases of tuberculous pleurisy treated in the Second Department of Respiratory Medicine of Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College between September 2016 and January 2018. Based on the weight of each patient, an oral administration of isoniazid (0.3-0.4 g/d), rifampicin (0...
November 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Alper Daskapan, Lusiana R Idrus, Maarten J Postma, Bob Wilffert, Jos G W Kosterink, Ymkje Stienstra, Daniel J Touw, Aase B Andersen, Adrie Bekker, Paolo Denti, Agibothu K Hemanth Kumar, Kidola Jeremiah, Awewura Kwara, Helen McIlleron, Graeme Meintjes, Joep J van Oosterhout, Geetha Ramachandran, Neesha Rockwood, Robert J Wilkinson, Tjip S van der Werf, Jan-Willem C Alffenaar
INTRODUCTION: Contrasting findings have been published regarding the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on tuberculosis (TB) drug pharmacokinetics (PK). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of HIV infection on the PK of the first-line TB drugs (FLDs) rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol by assessing all published literature. METHODS: Searches were performed in MEDLINE (through PubMed) and EMBASE to find original studies evaluating the effect of HIV infection on the PK of FLDs...
November 8, 2018: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
Muhammad Tahir Khan, Ashfaq Ur Rehaman, Muhammad Junaid, Shaukat Iqbal Malik, Dong-Qing Wei
Pyrazinamide (PZA) is an important component of first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs which is converted into active form, pyrazinoic acid (POA), by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) pncA gene encoded, pyrazinamidase (PZase). Mutations in pncA are detected in >70% of PZA resistant isolates but, noticeably, not in all. In this study, we selected 18 PZA-resistant but wild type pncA (pncAWT ) MTB isolates. Drug susceptibility testing (DST) of all the isolates were repeated at the critical concentration of PZA drug...
2018: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal
H Suzuki, Y Matsuda, M Noda, H Oishi, T Watanabe, T Sado, M Yamada, T Tamada, Y Okada
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To treat organ transplant patients with mycobacterial infection, physicians need to pay attention to interaction between drugs used against mycobacteria and immunosuppressants. The purpose of this report is to describe the clinical features of and treatment for mycobacterial infection in lung transplant (LTx) recipients. METHODS: To investigate the incidence, treatment, and outcome for mycobacterial infection, we retrospectively reviewed 100 LTx recipients in our program since 2000...
November 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Maria Rotaru, Sanda Marchian, Gyula Laszlo Fekete, Gabriela Mariana Mariana Iancu
Dear Editor, Eczema is an inflammatory dermatitis mediated by cellular immunity, with an etiology in which environmental, immunological, and genetic factors are involved. Skin inflammation through proinflammatory cytokines creates a favorable environment for microbial antigens and optimal conditions for infection (1). In case of underlying immunosuppression, inflammatory features of dermatitis and superimposed infections are more severe. The presence of minor trauma of the skin in the form of fissures can favor both easier inoculation of some bacterial germs, leading to a dermatitis superinfection, and/or the transcutaneous inoculation of atypical mycobacteria, with a possibility of developing localized types of tuberculous lymphadenitis (TLA)...
October 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Aditi Singh, Pallavi Somvanshi, Abhinav Grover
Pyrazinamide is an essential first-line antitubercular drug which plays pivotal role in tuberculosis treatment. It is a prodrug that requires amide hydrolysis by mycobacterial pyrazinamidase enzyme for conversion into pyrazinoic acid (POA). POA is known to target ribosomal protein S1 (RpsA), aspartate decarboxylase (PanD), and some other mycobacterial proteins. Spontaneous chromosomal mutations in RpsA have been reported for phenotypic resistance against pyrazinamide. We have constructed and validated 3D models of the native and Δ438A mutant form of RpsA protein...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Hudson Polonini, Sharlene Loures da Silva, Marcos Antônio Fernandes Brandão, Tiene Bauters, Barbara De Moerloose, Anderson de Oliveira Ferreira
Compounded liquid medication is frequently required in children to allow easy dose adjustment and overcome swallowing difficulties. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability of oral suspensions compounded with SyrSpend SF PH4 and the commonly used active pharmaceutical ingredients baclofen 2.0 mg/mL, carvedilol 5.0 mg/mL, hydrochlorothiazide 2.0 mg/mL, mercaptopurine 10.0 mg/mL, methadone hydrochloride 10.0 mg/mL, oseltamivir phosphate 6.0 mg/mL, phenobarbital 9.0 mg/mL and 15.0 mg/mL, propranolol hydrochloride 0...
November 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
A Everden, J P Mamo, D Somasunderam, A McKee, S O Brij, D A Enoch
PURPOSE: Peterborough has one of the highest rates of tuberculosis (TB) in the east of England. We reviewed the epidemiology, management and outcome of all cases of bone and joint TB (BJTB) diagnosed since 2000. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective review of all adult cases of BJTB between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2015. Patients' notes were reviewed with regard to their presentation, investigation, management and outcomes. RESULTS: In total, 21 patients diagnosed with BJTB were reviewed...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Medical Microbiology
Ravindra Kumar Garg, Imran Rizvi, Hardeep Singh Malhotra, Ravi Uniyal, Neeraj Kumar
Drug-resistant tuberculous meningitis has been reported worldwide. Isoniazid mono-resistance is the most frequent cause of drug-resistant tuberculous meningitis, a life-threatening disease. Extensive drug-resistant tuberculous meningitis has also been reported in some isolated case reports. Areas covered: We reviewed the current literature on drug-resistant tuberculous meningitis, as well as drug-resistant tuberculosis. Expert commentary: Drug-resistant tuberculous meningitis is a life-threatening disease and needs prompt diagnosis and treatment...
November 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Alisa Brandon, Asfandyar Mufti, R Garry Sibbald
Although rare, erythema induratum is the most common entity presenting as lobular panniculitis with vasculitis. It is usually caused by a hypersensitivity reaction to Mycobacterium tuberculosis , although other aetiologies have been reported. We present a case of a 73-year-old male with multiple recurring tender erythematous nodules on the backs of both calves and shins. Prior to arrival in our clinic, the patient underwent a 9-month course of isoniazid with no improvement and subsequently received a diagnosis of idiopathic erythema induratum...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Souheil Zayet, Aida Berriche, Lamia Ammari, Mariem Razgallah, Rim Abdelmalek, Mohamed Khrouf, Badreddine Kilani, Hanène Tiouiri Benaissa
This study aimed to identify the epidemio-clinic, diagnostic, therapeutic and evolutionary features of genital tuberculosis (GT) among Tunisian women. We conducted a retrospective, descriptive study in the Department of Infectious Diseases at the La Rabta Hospital, Tunisia, over a period of 15 and a half years (January 2000 - June 2014). All patients hospitalized for genital TB were included in the study. The study focused on 47 cases. The average age of patients was 42.2 years. Eighteen women were from rural areas...
2018: Pan African Medical Journal
M E Murphy, G H Wills, S Murthy, C Louw, A L C Bateson, R D Hunt, T D McHugh, A J Nunn, S K Meredith, C M Mendel, M Spigelman, A M Crook, S H Gillespie
BACKGROUND: In the REMoxTB study of 4-month treatment-shortening regimens containing moxifloxacin compared to the standard 6-month regimen for tuberculosis, the proportion of unfavourable outcomes for women was similar in all study arms, but men had more frequent unfavourable outcomes (bacteriologically or clinically defined failure or relapse within 18 months after randomisation) on the shortened moxifloxacin-containing regimens. The reason for this gender disparity in treatment outcome is poorly understood...
October 17, 2018: BMC Medicine
Rachid Bouchentouf
The association between achalasia and no tuberculosis mycobacterial   lung infection is well described in the literature. MycobactériumFortuitum is often responsible, and the clinical's presentation   is an aspiration pneumonia resistant to usual antibiotic therapy. We report the case of a 15 year-old patient with the history of Allgrove syndrome. The chest imaging showed right lung congestion; the diagnosis was bacteriological and MycobactériumFortuitum resistant to rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol was isolated...
March 2018: La Tunisie Médicale
Myung-Sang Moon, Sang-Jae Kim, Min-Su Kim, Dong-Suk Kim
Study Design: A case study. Purpose: To assess the chronological changes of the disease-related kyphosis after chemotherapy alone, secondly to clarify the role of growth cartilage in the healed lesion on kyphosis change, and to define the accurate prediction time in assessing residual kyphosis. Overview of Literature: None of the previous papers up to now dealt with the residual kyphosis, stability and remodeling processes of the affected segments...
October 16, 2018: Asian Spine Journal
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"