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musculoskeletal injections

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778384/association-of-birth-defects-with-the-mode-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-a-chinese-data-linkage-cohort
#1
Hui-Ting Yu, Qing Yang, Xiao-Xi Sun, Guo-Wu Chen, Nai-Si Qian, Ren-Zhi Cai, Han-Bing Guo, Chun-Fang Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of assisted reproductive technology (ART) on the offspring of Chinese population. DESIGN: Retrospective, data-linkage cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Live births resulting from ART or natural conception. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Birth defects coded according to ICD-10. RESULT(S): Births after ART were more likely to be female and multiple births, especially after intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764447/efficacy-of-intra-articular-hypertonic-dextrose-prolotherapy-versus-normal-saline-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-protocol-for-a-triple-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Regina Wing Shan Sit, Ricky Wing Keung Wu, Kenneth Dean Reeves, David Rabago, Dicken Cheong Chun Chan, Benjamin Hon Kei Yip, Vincent Chi Ho Chung, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong
BACKGROUND: Knee Osteoarthritis (KOA) is a very common condition with prevalence rising with age. It is a major contributor to global disability and has a large socioeconomic burden worldwide. Conservative therapies have marginal effectiveness, and surgery is reserved for severe symptomatic KOA. Dextrose Prolotherapy (DPT) is an evidence-based injection-based therapy for chronic musculoskeletal conditions including KOA. The standard "whole joint" injection method includes intra-articular injection and multiple extra-articular injections at soft tissue bony attachments...
May 15, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762277/impact-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-on-use-of-intra-articular-hyaluronic-acid-and-corticosteroid-injections-for-knee-osteoarthritis
#3
Nicholas A Bedard, David E DeMik, Natalie A Glass, Robert A Burnett, Kevin J Bozic, John J Callaghan
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of corticosteroid and hyaluronic acid injections for knee osteoarthritis has been questioned. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) clinical practice guidelines on the use of these injections in the United States and determine if utilization differed by provider specialty. METHODS: Patients with knee osteoarthritis were identified within the Humana database from 2007 to 2015, and the percentage of patients receiving a knee injection relative to the number of patients having an encounter for knee osteoarthritis was calculated and was trended for the study period...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747931/efficacy-of-different-leuprolide-administration-schedules-in-premenopausal-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-review
#4
Daniel C Kendzierski, Bryan P Schneider, Patrick J Kiel
BACKGROUND: Leuprolide is a safe and effective treatment of estrogen receptor-positive premenopausal breast cancer. Data from the SOFT/TEXT trials solidified leuprolide in combination with an aromatase inhibitor as an effective hormonal treatment for premenopausal breast cancer. However, the efficacy of monthly leuprolide depot compared to leuprolide depot every 3 months in combination with an aromatase inhibitor in this patient population is unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this single center retrospective study, 201 patients were enrolled between January 1, 2015, and October 1, 2016; 100 were included in the 7...
April 18, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732431/platelet-rich-plasma-injections-an-emerging-therapy-for-chronic-discogenic-low-back-pain
#5
REVIEW
Suja Mohammed, James Yu
Autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections have been investigated in recent years as an emerging therapy for various musculoskeletal conditions, including lumbar degenerative disc disease. Although PRP has received increasing attention from medical science experts, comprehensive clinical reports of its efficacy are limited to those treating knee osteoarthritis and epicondylitis. Use of PRP is gaining popularity in the area of degenerative disc disease, but there is a clear need for reliable clinical evidence of its applications and effectiveness...
March 2018: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723651/quadrupedal-rodent-gait-compensations-in-a-low-dose-monoiodoacetate-model-of-osteoarthritis
#6
Emily H Lakes, Kyle D Allen
BACKGROUND: Rodent gait analysis provides robust, quantitative results for preclinical musculoskeletal and neurological models. In prior work, surgical models of osteoarthritis have been found to result in a hind limb shuffle-stepping gait compensation, while a high dose monoiodoacetate (MIA, 3 mg) model resulted in a hind limb antalgic gait. However, it is unknown whether the antalgic gait caused by MIA is associated with severity of degeneration from the high dosage or the whole-joint degeneration associated with glycolysis inhibition...
April 22, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705656/humanization-of-bone-and-bone-marrow-in-an-orthotopic-site-reveals-new-potential-therapeutic-targets-in-osteosarcoma
#7
Ferdinand Wagner, Boris M Holzapfel, Jacqui A McGovern, Abbas Shafiee, Jeremy G Baldwin, Laure C Martine, Christoph A Lahr, Felix M Wunner, Thor Friis, Onur Bas, Melanie Boxberg, Peter M Prodinger, Ali Shokoohmand, Davide Moi, Roberta Mazzieri, Daniela Loessner, Dietmar W Hutmacher
BACKGROUND: Existing preclinical murine models often fail to predict effects of anti-cancer drugs. In order to minimize interspecies-differences between murine hosts and human bone tumors of in vivo xenograft platforms, we tissue-engineered a novel orthotopic humanized bone model. METHODS: Orthotopic humanized tissue engineered bone constructs (ohTEBC) were fabricated by 3D printing of medical-grade polycaprolactone scaffolds, which were seeded with human osteoblasts and embedded within polyethylene glycol-based hydrogels containing human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 16, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703511/validation-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-in-the-assessment-of-experimental-gout-synovitis
#8
Esperanza Naredo, Juan Pablo Medina, Sandra Pérez-Baos, Aranzazu Mediero, Gabriel Herrero-Beaumont, Raquel Largo
The objective of this study was to validate musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) in a rabbit model of acute gout. Acute gout was induced by intra-articular injection of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in 10 rabbits; the 3 controls received vehicle. Rabbit knees were assessed by B-mode and power Doppler (PD) US 24 and 72 h after injections. After 72 h, all rabbits were euthanized. US discriminated between the MSU-injected and control groups with respect to the different inflammatory findings at both at 24 and 72 h and for MSU crystal-related findings after 24 h of injection...
April 24, 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696113/prolotherapy-and-low-level-laser-therapy-a-synergistic-approach-to-pain-management-in-chronic-osteoarthritis
#9
REVIEW
Vinicius Tieppo Francio, Robert S Dima, Chris Towery, Saeid Davani
Regenerative injection therapy and low level laser therapy are alternative remedies known for their success in the treatment and symptomatic management of chronic musculoskeletal conditions. In response to the growing demand for alternative therapies in the face of the opioid epidemic, the authors conduct a literature review to investigate the potential for prolotherapy and LLLT to be used adjunctively to manage chronic osteoarthritis (OA). OA is a degenerative chronic musculoskeletal condition on the rise in North America, and is frequently treated with opioid medications...
October 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625332/intra-articular-drug-delivery-systems-for-joint-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Muhammad Farooq Rai, Christine Tn Pham
Intra-articular (IA) injections directly deliver high concentrations of therapeutics to the joint space and are routinely used in various musculoskeletal conditions such as osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, current IA-injected drugs are rapidly cleared and do not significantly affect the course of joint disease. In this review, we highlight recent developments in IA therapy, with a special emphasis on current and emerging therapeutic carriers and their potential to deliver disease-modifying treatment modalities for arthritis...
April 3, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615178/unusual-presentation-of-fibrosarcoma-in-a-child
#11
Afshan Fayyaz, Chaudhry Aqeel Safdar
Malignant soft tissue tumours are rare in infants. Specific radiologic features help differentiate benign from malignant musculoskeletal entities. We report a case of malignant soft tissue tumour with initial radiologic evaluation suggesting a benign entity, thus delaying diagnosis. The case was treated as a case of cystic hygroma, suggested by ultrasound and MRI with good initial response to bleomycin injection. Later, symptoms recurred with poor response to repeat therapy which led to review the diagnosis...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610937/paediatric-musculoskeletal-disease-in-kumi-district-uganda-a-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Kristin Alves, Norgrove Penny, Olive Kobusingye, Robert Olupot, Jeffrey N Katz, Coleen S Sabatini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the burden of musculoskeletal disease among children treated in Kumi District, Uganda, to inform training, capacity-building efforts, and resource allocation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study by reviewing the musculoskeletal (MSK) clinic and community outreach logs for children (age < 18 years) seen at Kumi Hospital in Kumi, Uganda, between January 2013 and December 2015. For each patient, we recorded the age, sex, diagnosis, and treatment recommendation...
April 2, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609768/multiple-pregnancies-achieved-with-ivf-icsi-and-risk-of-specific-congenital-malformations-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#13
REVIEW
Zan Zheng, Letao Chen, Tubao Yang, Hong Yu, Hua Wang, Jiabi Qin
Studies comparing risk of specific congenital malformations (CM) between multiple pregnancies resulting from IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and those conceived naturally report conflicting results; furthermore, there is a lack of a complete overview. This meta-analysis aimed to address which types of CM are increased in IVF/ICSI multiple pregnancies compared with those conceived naturally. All studies testing the association between IVF/ICSI multiple pregnancies and specific CM identified in various databases were considered...
April 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607458/impact-of-high-magnification-sperm-selection-on-neonatal-outcomes-a-retrospective-study
#14
Olivier Gaspard, Pierre Vanderzwalmen, Barbara Wirleitner, Stéphanie Ravet, Frédéric Wenders, Verena Eichel, Alice Mocková, Dietmar Spitzer, Caroline Jouan, Virginie Gridelet, Henri Martens, Laurie Henry, Herbert Zech, Sophie Perrier d'Hauterive, Michelle Nisolle
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of the deselection of spermatozoa presenting vacuole-like structures using IMSI (intracytoplasmic morphologically selected sperm injection) with ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) by means of neonatal outcomes. METHODS: In a retrospective two-center analysis, a total of 848 successful IMSI or ICSI cycles ending with a live birth, induced abortion, or intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) were included. RESULTS: The IMSI and ICSI groups included 332 and 655 babies or fetuses, respectively...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561260/the-effect-of-corticosteroid-versus-platelet-rich-plasma-injection-therapies-for-the-management-of-lateral-epicondylitis-a-systematic-review
#15
Walid Ben-Nafa, Wendy Munro
INTRODUCTION: Lateral epicondylitis is a common musculoskeletal disorder of the upper limb. Corticosteroid injection has been widely used as a major mode of treatment. However, better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease led to a major change in treating the disease, with new options including platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are currently used. Objectives/research aim: To systematically evaluate the effect of corticosteroid versus PRP injections for the treatment of LE. HYPOTHESIS: PRP injections provide longer-term therapeutic effect and less rate of complications compared to corticosteroid injection...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549380/imaging-of-the-post-operative-shoulder-does-injection-of-iodinated-contrast-in-addition-to-mr-contrast-during-arthrography-improve-diagnostic-accuracy-and-patient-throughput
#16
Thomas Magee
OBJECTIVE: Post-operative shoulder patients are often difficult to image due to scar tissue, metallic artifact, and residual irregularity of anatomic structures. The purpose of this study was to assess MR versus MR arthrography versus CT arthrography in the post-operative shoulder. Also, we assessed whether injecting CT contrast in addition to MR contrast during arthrography improved patient care. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred consecutive post-operative conventional shoulder MR and MR arthrography exams performed on the same patients were reviewed retrospectively by two musculoskeletal radiologists...
March 17, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535246/plantar-fascia-rupture-ultrasound-to-facilitate-recognition
#17
Jessica T Servey, Christopher Jonas
Plantar fascia rupture in the absence of previous diagnosis of plantar fasciitis, corticosteroid injection, or injury is a rare occurrence with only 7 case reports in the literature since 1978. This is a case of spontaneous plantar fascia rupture in a 38-year-old active-duty US military member with current considerations in musculoskeletal ultrasound, other radiologic imaging, treatment, and followup of this diagnosis.
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497821/birth-prevalence-of-congenital-malformations-in-singleton-pregnancies-resulting-from-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-worldwide-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Letao Chen, Tubao Yang, Zan Zheng, Hong Yu, Hua Wang, Jiabi Qin
PURPOSE: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the worldwide birth prevalence of total congenital malformations (CMs), major CMs, and specific CMs according to organs and systems classification associated with IVF/ICSI singleton pregnancies. METHODS: Unrestricted searches were conducted, with an end-date parameter of 1 June 2017, of PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Libraries, and Chinese databases, to identify cohort studies assessing CMs associated with IVF/ICSI singleton pregnancies...
May 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423121/which-type-of-congenital-malformations-is-significantly-increased-in-singleton-pregnancies-following-after-in-vitro-fertilization-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Ying Liang, Letao Chen, Hong Yu, Hua Wang, Qi Li, Renhe Yu, Jiabi Qin
It is inconclusive nowadays for which type of congenital malformations(CMs) is increased in singleton pregnancies following after in vitro fertilization(IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection(ICSI) compared with those after spontaneous conception; furthermore, a complete overview is missing. We conducted a meta-analysis of cohort studies to assess the risk of specific CMs associated with IVF/ICSI singleton pregnancies. Unrestricted searches were conducted, with an end date parameter of 1 June 2017, of PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, Cochrane Libraries, and Chinese databases...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409071/nuclear-medicine-applications-in-pediatric-musculoskeletal-diseases-the-added-value-of-hybrid-imaging
#20
Marguerite T Parisi, Ramesh S Iyer, A Luana Stanescu
The introduction of diphosphonates in the 1970s revolutionized not only nuclear medicine but musculoskeletal imaging as well, providing functional assessment of entities such as osteomyelitis, trauma, and osseous metastatic disease. Although rarely the first-line imaging modality used today, nuclear medicine procedures continue to play a pivotal role in the evaluation of musculoskeletal diseases in children, providing whole-body assessment of disease involvement. More recently, the introduction of technologies such as single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT), as well as newer positron-emitting tracers such as 18 fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose and sodium 18 F-fluorine, particularly when combined with CT (positron emission tomography/CT), have injected new life into the older established techniques and expanded the application of nuclear medicine imaging into new arenas...
February 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
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