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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676461/antiphospholipid-syndrome-characteristics-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-after-20-weeks-of-pregnancy
#1
Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Hadas Zafrir-Danieli, Dorit Blickstein, Anat Shmueli, Lina Salman, Eran Hadar
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcomes after 20 weeks of pregnancy according to autoantibody profile and clinical presentation of maternal antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: The present retrospective cohort analysis included women diagnosed with APS at a tertiary medical center in Israel between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2016. Anticardiolipin antibodies, anti-β2-glycoprotein antibodies, and lupus anticoagulant were assessed. Participants were stratified by type of APS (obstetric vs thrombotic), antibody profile, and antibody titer (low vs high)...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673064/successful-pregnancy-and-delivery-after-simultaneous-islet-kidney-transplantation
#2
Michela Assalino, Michele Podetta, Sandrine Demuylder-Mischler, Katyuska Francini, Nadine Pernin, Jean-Pierre Randin, Domenico Bosco, Axel Andres, Thierry Berney
Allogeneic islet of Langerhans transplantation is a recognized beta-cell replacement therapy for patients affected by type 1 diabetes mellitus. Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a condition associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes for pregnant women and fetuses We report the case of a 29 year-old woman with type 1 diabetes mellitus, who underwent successful allogeneic islet transplantation with simultaneous kidney transplantation. She achieved durable insulin independence after two islet infusions. Pregnancy was desired and planned 2 years after last islet infusion...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672829/timing-of-diagnosis-of-gestational-diabetes-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort
#3
Alexis Shub, Tess Chee, Alexandra Templeton, Deborah Boyce, Catharine McNamara, Christine Houlihan, Leonid Churilov, Elizabeth A McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Recent guidelines suggest screening high-risk women in early pregnancy for gestational diabetes (GDM); however, there is little evidence to support this. AIMS: To compare pregnancy outcomes associated with diabetes for women with risk factors for GDM according to gestation of diagnosis. Early GDM was defined as a positive test before 20 weeks gestation, late GDM as a positive test at 20 or more weeks and no GDM when both tests were negative. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis in an Australian tertiary hospital of women who underwent a glucose tolerance test in pregnancy prior to 20 weeks gestation, and a repeat test after 20 weeks gestation if the initial test was negative...
April 19, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671666/psychiatric-admission-during-pregnancy-in-women-with-schizophrenia-who-attended-a-specialist-antenatal-clinic
#4
Elly Lorraine Harris, Jacqueline Frayne, Suzanna Allen, Kanni Renganathan, Thinh Ngoc Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: The mental health and wellbeing of pregnant women with schizophrenia is an area of research interest. We aim to explore this relationship particularly in regards to psychiatric admission rates, timing and their associated contributing factors. METHODS: A total of 98 pregnancies to women with schizophrenia, who attended a specialist antenatal clinic and delivered from July 2007 to February 2016, were retrospectively examined. The cohort was divided into two groups based on psychiatric admission...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671167/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-depressive-symptoms-in-pregnancy-are-associated-with-adverse-perinatal-outcomes
#5
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Amy Lamb, James Mirocha, Calvin J Hobel
Prenatal vitamin D deficiency and prenatal depression are both separately associated with adverse perinatal outcomes; however, to our knowledge no studies have investigated the effects of having both risk factors. Our objective was to determine to what extent vitamin D deficiency predicts adverse perinatal outcomes and whether elevated depressive symptoms in pregnancy places women at additional increased risk. This study was a secondary data analysis of prospective data collected from a cohort of pregnant women (N = 101) in an obstetric clinic of a large medical center...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667541/does-suture-material-affect-uterine-scar-healing-after-cesarean-section-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Alper Başbuğ, Ozan Doğan, Aşkı Ellibeş Kaya, Çiğdem Pulatoğlu, Mete Çağlar
BACKGROUND: Impaired healing of the uterine scar after cesarean has been associated with adverse gynecological and obstetric outcomes. Although a large number of studies have been conducted on the events leading to this, information obtained from prospective randomized studies examining the role of suture material in the formation of cesarean scar defect (CSD) is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of synthetic suture materials on CSD formation. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a two-arm 1:1 randomized study in women with singleton pregnancies undergoing elective primary cesarean delivery after the 38th week of gestation...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666409/exposure-to-phthalate-an-endocrine-disrupting-chemical-alters-the-first-trimester-placental-methylome-and-transcriptome-in-women
#7
N M Grindler, L Vanderlinden, R Karthikraj, K Kannan, S Teal, A J Polotsky, T L Powell, I V Yang, T Jansson
Phthalates are known endocrine disruptors and associated with decreased fecundity, pregnancy loss, and adverse obstetrical outcomes, however the underlying mechanisms remain to be established. Environmental factors can influence gene expression and cell function by modifying epigenetic marks, impacting the developing embryo as well as future generations of offspring. The impact of phthalates on placental gene methylation and expression is largely unknown. We studied the effect of maternal phthalate exposure on the human placental DNA methylome and transcriptome...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661198/adverse-effects-of-maternal-enterovirus-infection-on-the-pregnancy-outcome-a-prospective-and-retrospective-pilot-study
#8
Z Khediri, C Vauloup-Fellous, A Benachi, J M Ayoubi, L Mandelbrot, O Picone
BACKGROUND: Enteroviruses account for about one billion infections worldwide each year, the majority remain asymptomatic. Data on enterovirus infections during pregnancy appear to be very rare. Several cases have been reported in the literature of fetal and neonatal complications attributed to these viruses, but prospective data on these infections during pregnancy are not available. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of enterovirus infections in febrile syndromes in pregnant women, and in case of in utero fetal death (IUFD)...
April 16, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656685/maternal-hepatitis-c-hcv-infection-and-anti-d-immunoglobulin-therapy-study-testing-antibodies-rna-and-genotype-of-hcv-in-baghdad
#9
Waqar Al-Kubaisy, Suzanna Daud, Mustafa Waseem Al-Kubaisi, Omar Waseem Al-Kubaisi, Nik Nairan Abdullah
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a serious health problem. It is a major contributor to end-stage liver disease. Worldwide, 1-8% of all pregnant women were infected. Women with viral hepatitis may be at an increased risk of pregnancy complications. There are several obstetrics intervention act as risk factors which are specific to women pertaining the HCV infection; anti-D immunoglobulin (Ig) therapy may be one of them. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of HCV antibodies (anti-HCV), RNA, and genotype distribution among women with anti-D Ig therapy...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652240/umbilical-cord-coiling-in-high-risk-pregnancies-associations-with-determinants-of-adverse-birth-outcomes-and-iron-status
#10
Gabrielle K Steinl, Jocelyn S Gandelman, Philip J Katzman, Yuan Ru, Ronnie Guillet, Eva Pressman, Elizabeth M Cooper, Kimberly O O'Brien
Abnormal umbilical cord coiling has been associated with adverse neonatal outcomes, but the etiology of these findings remains poorly characterized. This study was undertaken to examine associations between cord coiling and maternal iron (Fe) status and to identify potential determinants of hypo- and hypercoiling in 2 higher risk obstetric groups: pregnant adolescents (≤18 years, n = 92) and adult women carrying twins (n = 49), triplets (n = 11), or quadruplets (n = 1). Umbilical cords were classified as hypo-, normo-, or hypercoiled using digital photographs to assess gross appearance...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618234/patient-safety-culture-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-and-neonatology-units-the-nurses-and-the-midwives-opinion-patient-safety-culture
#11
Janina Ribeliene, Aurelija Blazeviciene, Ruta Jolanta Nadisauskiene, Rasa Tameliene, Ausrele Kudreviciene, Irena Nedzelskiene, Jurate Macijauskiene
BACKGROUND: Patients treated in healthcare facilities that provide services in the fields of obstetrics, gynecology, and neonatology are especially vulnerable. Large multidisciplinary teams of physicians, multiple invasive and noninvasive diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and the use of advanced technologies increase the probability of adverse events.The evaluation of knowledge about patient safety culture among nurses and midwives working in such units and the identification of critical areas at a healthcare institution would reduce the number of adverse events and improve patient safety...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614902/intravenous-immunoglobulin-ivig-efficiency-in-women-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency-cvid-decreases-significantly-during-pregnancy
#12
Makiko Egawa, Hirokazu Kanegane, Kohsuke Imai, Tomohiro Morio, Naoyuki Miyasaka
Immunoglobulin replacement therapy, including intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), is essential for pregnant women with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) since it prevents infection and improves the health of the newborn. There are no established IVIG treatment protocols for pregnant women with CVID, and the relationship between IVIG treatment and maternal serum IgG changes during pregnancy remains unclear. Therefore, we reviewed the medical charts of four CVID patients, including one receiving subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG), for IVIG dose and frequency, maternal serum IgG changes, obstetrical findings, and perinatal outcomes...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607328/maternal-fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-pregnant-dengue-patients-in-mexico
#13
Carlos Machain-Williams, Eric Raga, Carlos M Baak-Baak, Sungmin Kiem, Bradley J Blitvich, Celso Ramos
To increase our understanding of the consequences of dengue virus infection during pregnancy, a retrospective analysis was performed on the medical records of all completed pregnancies (live births and pregnancy losses) at nine public hospitals in the Gulf of Mexico from January to October 2013. Eighty-two patients developed clinical, laboratory-confirmed dengue virus infections while pregnant. Of these, 54 (65.9%) patients were diagnosed with dengue without warning signs, 15 (18.3%) patients were diagnosed with dengue with warning signs, and 13 (15...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606012/adverse-outcomes-in-obstetric-atypical-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-a-case-series-analysis
#14
Natalia L Kozlovskaya, Yulia V Korotchaeva, Larisa A Bobrova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case series is to raise awareness of obstetric-related atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) amongst obstetricians and gynaecologists. STUDY DESIGN: Data from 20 consecutive patients, aged 19-38, with obstetric-aHUS manifestation during or immediately after pregnancy are reported. Patients were diagnosed and treatment was initiated between 2012 and 2016. RESULTS: Presentation of aHUS was mainly preceded by preeclampsia and/or haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count syndrome, other obstetric complications, or by diarrhoea...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605891/antenatal-non-medical-risk-assessment-and-care-pathways-to-improve-pregnancy-outcomes-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Jacqueline Lagendijk, Amber A Vos, Loes C M Bertens, Semiha Denktas, Gouke J Bonsel, Ewout W Steyerberg, Jasper V Been, Eric A P Steegers
Social deprivation negatively affects health outcomes but receives little attention in obstetric risk selection. We investigated whether a combination of (1) risk assessment focused on non-medical risk factors, lifestyle factors, and medical risk factors, with (2) subsequent institution of risk-specific care pathways, and (3) multidisciplinary consultation between care providers from the curative and the public health sector reduced adverse pregnancy outcomes among women in selected urban areas in the Netherlands...
March 31, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603363/transfusion-related-adverse-events-are-decreased-in-pregnant-women-with-sickle-cell-disease-by-a-change-in-policy-from-systematic-transfusion-to-prophylactic-oxygen-therapy-at-home-a-retrospective-survey-by-the-international-sickle-cell-disease-observatory
#16
Jean-Antoine Ribeil, Myriam Labopin, Aurélie Stanislas, Benjamin Deloison, Delphine Lemercier, Anoosha Habibi, Souha Albinni, Caroline Charlier, Olivier Lortholary, François Lefrere, Mariane De Montalembert, Stéphane Blanche, Frédéric Galactéros, Jean-Marc Tréluyer, Eliane Gluckman, Yves Ville, Laure Joseph, Delville Marianne, Alexandra Benachi, Marina Cavazzana
Sickle cell disease (SCD) in pregnancy can be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Furthermore, complications of SCD can be aggravated by pregnancy. Optimal prenatal care aims to decrease the occurrence of maternal and fetal complications. A retrospective, French, two-center study compared two care strategies for pregnant women with SCD over two time periods. In the first study period (2005-2010), the women were systematically offered prophylactic transfusions. In the second study period (2011-2014), a targeted transfusion strategy was applied whenever possible, and home-based prophylactic nocturnal oxygen therapy was offered to all the pregnant women...
March 30, 2018: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602979/influence-of-training-level-on-cervical-cone-size-and-resection-margin-status-at-conization-a-retrospective-study
#17
Eliana Montanari, Christoph Grimm, Richard Schwameis, Lorenz Kuessel, Stephan Polterauer, Chiara Paternostro, Heinrich Husslein
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether a surgeon's training level influences the rate of incomplete resections or the amount of resected cervical tissue in women treated with large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ). METHODS: The present study is a retrospective analysis of the data of women who had undergone LLETZ for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) within the years 2004-2008 at the Medical University of Vienna. Women were grouped according to the level of training of the operating surgeon (i...
March 30, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602171/appendicectomy-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-a-population-data-linkage-study
#18
Ibinabo Ibiebele, Margaret Schnitzler, Tanya Nippita, Jane B Ford
BACKGROUND: Suspected appendicitis is a common non-obstetric indication for emergency abdominal surgery during pregnancy. AIMS: Assess the risk of preterm birth and other maternal and neonatal adverse birth outcomes following appendicectomy during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Population-based data linkage study of women with singleton births in New South Wales, Australia, 2002-2014. Pregnancies with appendicitis and appendicectomy were compared to pregnancies without appendicitis...
March 30, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578985/acog-committee-opinion-no-732-influenza-vaccination-during-pregnancy
#19
(no author information available yet)
Influenza vaccination is an essential element of prepregnancy, prenatal, and postpartum care because influenza can result in serious illness, including a higher chance of progressing to pneumonia, when it occurs during the antepartum or postpartum period. In addition to hospitalization, pregnant women with influenza are at increased risk of intensive care unit admission and adverse perinatal and neonatal outcomes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that all adults receive an annual influenza vaccine and that women who are or will be pregnant during influenza season receive an inactivated influenza vaccine as soon as it is available...
April 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578983/acog-committee-opinion-no-732-summary-influenza-vaccination-during-pregnancy
#20
(no author information available yet)
Influenza vaccination is an essential element of prepregnancy, prenatal, and postpartum care because influenza can result in serious illness, including a higher chance of progressing to pneumonia, when it occurs during the antepartum or postpartum period. In addition to hospitalization, pregnant women with influenza are at increased risk of intensive care unit admission and adverse perinatal and neonatal outcomes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend that all adults receive an annual influenza vaccine and that women who are or will be pregnant during influenza season receive an inactivated influenza vaccine as soon as it is available...
April 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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