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Si-Yin Chung, Christopher P Mattison, Casey C Grimm, Shawndrika Reed
Whole peanut or cashew extracts are usually used in immunotherapy. Reducing major allergen(s) in the extracts may lessen their side effects. Three methods were evaluated to reduce major allergens in peanut extracts: (1) p -aminobenzamidine; (2) magnetic agarose beads; and (3) extraction of a commercial peanut flour at pH 7, respectively. The first two methods were also used to reduce major allergens in cashew extracts. After treatments, samples were evaluated by SDS-PAGE. pABA-treated samples were also analyzed for IgE binding in western blot...
November 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
Montaha Yassine, Laura Fuster, Marie-Hélène Dévier, Emmanuel Geneste, Patrick Pardon, Axelle Grélard, Erick Dufourc, Mohamad Al Iskandarani, Selim Aït-Aïssa, Jeanne Garric, Hélène Budzinski, Patrick Mazellier, Aurélien S Trivella
Kinetics of photodegradation of novel oral anticoagulants dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban were studied under simulated solar light irradiation in purified, mineral, and river waters. Dabigatran and rivaroxaban underwent direct photolysis with polychromatic quantum yields of 2.2 × 10-4 and 4.4 × 10-2 , respectively. The direct photodegradation of apixaban was not observed after 19 h of irradiation. Kinetics of degradation of rivaroxaban was not impacted by the nature of the aqueous matrix while photosensitization from nitrate ions was observed for dabigatran and apixaban dissolved in a mineral water...
February 2018: Chemosphere
T Erban, R Klubal
BACKGROUND: Optimised purification steps for concentrating trace target native antigens are needed. Combining the p-aminobenzamidine ligand with protease inactivation enables partial purification of mite non-protease allergens lacking proteases. OBJECTIVE: We sought to analyse in detail proteins obtained using this method from eight species of synanthropic acaridid mites and tested IgE reactivity using pooled human sera. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Proteins affinity bound to p-aminobenzamidine as a ligand were identified by MALDI TOF/TOF...
May 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
Adriana M Patarroyo-Vargas, Yaremis B Merino-Cabrera, Jose C Zanuncio, Francelina Rocha, Wellington G Campos, Maria Goreti de Almeida Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Enzyme kinetics contributes to understanding the structure and function of insect digestive serine proteases. Kinetic parameters allow to understanding active sites and mechanisms of enzymes efficacy, identifying the inhibition of the insects digestive protease system by inhibitors produced by plants, or via the application of synthetic inhibitors Objectives: The aim of this study was to purify digestive serine proteases of A. gemmatalis, determining their kinetic properties using the chromogenic substrates tripeptidyl and characterizing the effects of synthetic inhibitors on their activity...
2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
E Farcaş, C Bouckaert, A-C Servais, J Hanson, L Pochet, M Fillet
With the emergence of more challenging targets, a relatively new approach, fragment-based drug discovery (FBDD), proved its efficacy and gained increasing importance in the pharmaceutical industry. FBDD identifies low molecular-weight (MW) ligands (fragments) that bind to biologically important macromolecules, then a structure-guided fragment growing or merging approach is performed, contributing to the quality of the lead. However, to select the appropriate fragment to be evolved, sensitive analytical screening methods must be used to measure the affinity in the μM or even mM range...
September 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
Jingjing Xu, Karsten Haupt, Bernadette Tse Sum Bui
We describe the application of a fluorescently labeled water-soluble core-shell molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) for fluorescence immunoassay (FIA) to detect trypsin. p-Aminobenzamidine (PAB), a competitive inhibitor of trypsin, was immobilized in the wells of a microtiter plate enabling the capture of trypsin in an oriented position, thus maintaining its native conformation. Fluorescent MIP nanoparticles, which bound selectively to trypsin, were used for quantification. The MIP was prepared by a multistep solid-phase synthesis approach on glass beads functionalized with PAB, orientating all trypsin molecules in the same way...
July 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Michael M Baksh, M G Finn
Backscattering interferometry (BSI) was used to determine the association constants for four well-known biomolecular interactions: protein A + IgG, trypsin + antitrypsin, trypsin + p-aminobenzamidine, and antithrombin + heparin. Each gave well-defined binding curves and Kd values in close agreement with published findings obtained using other techniques. These results stand in direct contrast to the claims in a 2015 publication in this journal (Discussion of "Back Scattering Interferometry revisited-a theoretical and experimental investigation" Jørgensen, T...
May 2017: Sensors and Actuators. B, Chemical
Jingjing Xu, Paulina X Medina-Rangel, Karsten Haupt, Bernadette Tse Sum Bui
Molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) are synthetic antibody mimics possessing specific cavities designed for a target molecule. Nowadays, molecular imprinting of proteins still remains a challenge as the generation of selective imprinted cavities is extremely difficult, due to their flexible structure and the presence of a multitude of functional sites. To overcome this difficulty, we propose a solid-phase synthesis strategy to prepare MIPs specific for any protein that can be immobilized in an oriented way on a solid support...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
Shangyong Li, Linna Wang, Shengxiang Lin, Juan Yang, Zibin Ma, Yuejun Wang, Junzhong Liu, Jianhua Hao, Mi Sun
The metalloproteinase MP belongs to the serralysin family, which is involved in important functions such as nutrient acquisition and infection pathogenesis. Serralysin proteases in highly purified form are commonly used at the industrial level with several purposes. In this study, we set up an efficient and rapid purification protocol for MP using a p-aminobenzamidine-modified affinity chromatography. The affinity medium was synthesized by using p-aminobenzamidine as affinity ligand immobilized via cyanuric chloride spacer to Sepharose 6B sorbent carrier...
May 2017: Journal of Separation Science
Satoshi Nakai, Hirobumi Sunayama, Yukiya Kitayama, Masaki Nishijima, Takehiko Wada, Yoshihisa Inoue, Toshifumi Takeuchi
Molecularly imprinted cavities have functioned as a regioselective reaction field for the [4 + 4] photocyclodimerization of 2-anthracenecarboxylic acid (2-AC). Molecularly imprinted polymers were prepared by precipitation polymerization of N-methacryloyl-4-aminobenzamidine as a functional monomer to form a complex with template 2-AC and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate as a crosslinking monomer. The 2-AC-imprinted cavities thus constructed preferentially bound 2-AC with an affinity greater than that toward structurally related 9-anthracenecarboxylic acid, 2-aminoanthracene, and unsubstituted anthracene...
February 24, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Srinivasa M Gopal, Fabian Klumpers, Christian Herrmann, Lars V Schäfer
Solvation plays an important role in virtually all biomolecular recognition and binding processes. However, the consequences of changes in solvation conditions often remain elusive. In this work, we combined isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to investigate the effect of solvent composition on the thermodynamics of protein-ligand binding. We studied the binding of p-aminobenzamidine (PAB) to trypsin in various water/methanol mixtures as a model system for a biomolecular complex...
May 3, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Mei Yuan, Xiaolan Yang, Yuwei Li, Hongbo Liu, Jun Pu, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fei Liao
Facile alkaline lysis of Escherichia coli cells in high-throughput (HTP) mode for screening enzyme mutants was tested with Pseudomonas aeruginosa arylsulfatase (PAAS). The alkaline lysis buffer was 1.0 M Tris-HCl at pH 9.0 plus 0.1 % Tween-20 and 2.0 mM 4-aminobenzamidine, mixed with cell suspension at 8:1 to 12:1 ratio for continuous agitation of mixtures in 96-well plates under room temperature; enzymatic activity in lysates was measured with 96-well microplate. PAAS activity tolerated final 0.1 % Tween-20...
June 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Helga Margrét Pálsdóttir, Ágústa Gudmundsdóttir
This report describes the isolation and partial characterization of the novel group III trypsin Y from the pyloric caeca of Atlantic cod. Other Atlantic cod trypsins have been used as food processing aids with good results. Trypsin Y was purified by p-aminobenzamidine affinity chromatography and characterized by SDS-PAGE and western blot analysis, as well as by activity measurements towards synthetic substrates. Identification of trypsin Y was done with polyclonal antibodies raised towards the recombinant form of the enzyme and by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry...
November 15, 2008: Food Chemistry
Betsaida Bibo-Verdugo, Liliana Rojo-Arreola, Maria A Navarrete-del-Toro, Fernando García-Carreño
A chymotrypsin was purified from the gastric juice of California spiny lobster (Panulirus interrutpus), using preparative electrophoresis and affinity chromatography on agarose-p-aminobenzamidine. The molecular mass was estimated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) under denaturing conditions to be 28 kDa. Chymotrypsin activity was totally inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) and chymostatin. Lobster chymotrypsin had optimal pH 7.0-8.0 and temperature of 55 °C. The enzyme is highly stable under a wide range of pH (retaining up to 80 % of activity after 1 h of incubation at pH 3...
August 2015: Marine Biotechnology
Nathan J Alves, Jeffrey A Kline
The potent fibrinolytic enzyme, plasmin has numerous clinical applications for recannulizing vessels obstructed by thrombus. Despite its diminutive size, 91 kDa, success in the recombinant expression of this serine protease has been limited. For this reason, a truncated non-glycosylated plasmin variant was developed capable of being expressed and purified from E. coli. This mutated plasmin, known as δ-plasmin, eliminates four of the five kringle domains present on native plasmin, retaining only kringle 1 fused directly to the unmodified catalytic domain of plasmin...
February 13, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Brian L Henry, Umesh R Desai
Sulfated low molecular weight lignins (LMWLs) have been found to bind in the heparin binding sites of coagulation proteinases. LMWLs represent a library of diverse non-carbohydrate, aromatic molecules which are structures different from heparin, but still potently inhibit thrombin and factor Xa. To better understand their mechanism of action, we studied the effects of three sulfated LMWLs (CDSO3, FDSO3, and SDSO3) on the active sites of thrombin and factor Xa. LMWLs were found to uniformly inhibit the catalytic activity of thrombin and factor Xa, regardless of the substrate used...
November 2014: Thrombosis Research
Serap Beyaztaş, Oktay Arslan
A new affinity gel was synthesized for the purification of xanthine oxidase (XO, EC from bovine milk. The gel was prepared on a Sepharose 4B matrix on which a spacer arm based on l-tyrosine was covalently attached via CNBr activation, followed by reaction with the XO inhibitor p-aminobenzamidine. The elution conditions of affinity gel were determined at different pH values and ionic strengths. Maximum elution of XO was achieved at pH 9.0 and ionic strength around 0.4. The overall purification for XO was 1645-fold with 20...
June 2015: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Elena I Klimova, Marcos Flores-Alamo, Tatiana Klimova, Sandra Cortez Maya, Irina P Beletskaya
Acetamidine hydrochloride and p-aminobenzamidine dihydrochloride interact with 3-ferrocenylmethylidene-2,4-pentanedione at 80-82 °C in the presence of K2CO3 in the water-alcohol medium in two tautomeric forms (the amidoimine and enediamine ones) with formation of mixtures of pyrimidine and piperidone derivatives and polymeric coordination complexes of potassium ferrocenyl(hexahydro)pyrimidoxides. The structure of the resultant compounds is elucidated on the basis of IR, 1H- and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis data...
2013: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ezio Fasoli, Yiaslin Ruiz Reyes, Osiris Martinez Guzman, Alexandra Rosado, Vivian Rodriguez Cruz, Amaris Borges, Edmarie Martinez, Vibha Bansal
Despite membrane-based separations offering superior alternative to packed bed chromatographic processes, there has been a substantial lacuna in their actual application to separation processes. One of the major reasons behind this is the lack of availability of appropriately modified or end-group modifiable membranes. In this paper, an affinity membrane was developed using a commercially available serine protease inhibitor, para-aminobenzamidine (pABA). The membrane modification was optimized for protein binding capacity by varying: (i) the length of the spacer arm (SA; 5-atoms, 7-atoms, and 14-atoms) linking the ligand to membrane surface; (ii) the affinity ligand (pABA) density on membrane surface (5-25nmol/cm(2))...
July 1, 2013: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
N Pozzi, L Acquasaliente, R Frasson, A Cristiani, S Moro, A Banzato, V Pengo, G L Scaglione, A Arcovito, R De Cristofaro, V De Filippis
BACKGROUND: This work was aimed at characterizing the interaction of β(2)-glycoprotein I (β(2)GPI), an abundant plasma protein of unknown function, with human thrombin, the final effector protease in the coagulation cascade. METHODS: The β(2)GPI-thrombin interaction was studied by surface plasmon resonance (SPR), fluorescence, and molecular modeling. The effect of β(2)GPI on the procoagulant (fibrin generation and platelet aggregation) and anticoagulant (protein C activation) functions of thrombin were investigated with turbidimetric, immunocytofluorimetric and enzymatic assays...
June 2013: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
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