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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527990/%C3%AE-irradiation-of-oat-grain-effect-on-physico-chemical-structural-thermal-and-antioxidant-properties-of-extracted-starch
#1
Rumaisa Mukhtar, Asima Shah, Naira Noor, Adil Gani, Idrees Ahmed Wani, F A Masoodi
Three different varieties of oat grains, Sabzaar, SKO-20, SKO-90 maintained at the moisture level of 12% were γ-irradiated at four different dosage levels- 5, 10, 15, & 20 KGy. Starch was extracted and its physicochemical, structural, thermal, and antioxidant properties were studied. Amongst the physico-chemical properties, syneresis, solubility index, swelling index and light transmittance values showed a varied significance from their native counterparts. Irradiation also had an effect on RVA profiles which exhibited a decrease in peak, trough, final and set back viscosities whereas the pasting temperatures showed a significant (P ≤ 0...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527803/using-brown-midrib-6-dwarf-forage-sorghum-silage-and-fall-grown-oat-silage-in-lactating-dairy-cow-rations
#2
M T Harper, J Oh, F Giallongo, J C Lopes, G W Roth, A N Hristov
Double cropping and increasing crop diversity could improve dairy farm economic and environmental sustainability. In this experiment, corn silage was partially replaced with 2 alternative forages, brown midrib-6 brachytic dwarf forage sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) or fall-grown oat (Avena sativa) silage, in the diet of lactating dairy cows. We investigated the effect on dry matter (DM) intake, milk yield (MY), milk components and fatty acid profile, apparent total-tract nutrient digestibility, N utilization, enteric methane emissions, and income over feed cost...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523965/safety-evaluation-of-an-oat-grain-alkaloid-gramine-by-genotoxicity-assays
#3
Manash Pratim Pathak, Rudragoud S Policegoudra, Danswrang Goyary, Aparoop Das, Santa Mandal, Srijita Chakraborti, Nilutpal Sharma Bora, Johirul Islam, Pompy Patowary, P Srinivas Raju, Pronobesh Chattopadhyay
Gramine is a natural indole alkaloid that has been isolated from different raw plants occurring mainly in Avena sativa, etc. The study was aimed to investigate the possible in vitro antioxidant, in vitro mutagenic, in vitro antimutagenic, and in vivo genotoxic activity of gramine using ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) assay, Metal chelating, Ames bacterial reverse mutation test, and the mouse bone marrow micronucleus assay as well as chromosomal aberration. Four concentrations of gramine viz. 250, 500, 1000, and 2000 μg/mL were evaluated for its antioxidant activity in FRAP Assay and Metal Chelating Test...
May 19, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522078/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-positional-therapy-versus-oral-appliance-therapy-for-position-dependent-sleep-apnea
#4
Linda Benoist, Maurits de Ruiter, Jan de Lange, Nico de Vries
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of positional therapy (PT) with the sleep position trainer (SPT) to oral appliance therapy (OAT) in patients with mild-to-moderate positional obstructive sleep apnea (POSA). METHODS: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Patients with mild-to-moderate POSA (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥5 ≤ 30/hour sleep) were randomized for PT or OAT. Polysomnography was repeated after 3 months. Efficacy, adherence, mean disease alleviation (MDA), quality of life, dropouts and adverse events were evaluated...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521194/preconception-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-mixed-methods-study-of-provider-knowledge-and-practice
#5
J Klein, J A Boyle, R Kirkham, C Connors, C Whitbread, J Oats, F Barzi, D McIntyre, I Lee, M Luey, J Shaw, A D H Brown, L J Maple-Brown
AIMS: Preconception care may decrease adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with pre-existing diabetes mellitus. Aboriginal Australians are at high risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), with earlier onset. We explored practitioner views on preconception care delivery for women with T2DM in the Northern Territory, where 31% of births are to Aboriginal women. METHODS: Mixed-methods study including cross-sectional survey of 156 health practitioners and 11 semi-structured interviews...
May 5, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516106/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-surgical-treatment-modalities-for-chondral-lesions-of-the-knee-microfracture-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-and-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation
#6
REVIEW
John B Schrock, Matthew J Kraeutler, Darby A Houck, Matthew B McQueen, Eric C McCarty
BACKGROUND: Numerous surgical options exist to treat chondral lesions in the knee, including microfracture (MFx), osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT), first-generation autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI-1), and next-generation ACI (ACI-2). PURPOSE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of MFx, OAT, and ACI-1. The secondary purpose of this study was to compare the functional outcomes of MFx, OAT, ACI-1, and ACI-2. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 2...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512383/effects-of-cover-crops-on-pratylenchus-penetrans-and-the-nematode-community-in-carrot-production
#7
Zane J Grabau, Zin Thu Zar Maung, D Corey Noyes, Dean G Baas, Benjamin P Werling, Daniel C Brainard, Haddish Melakeberhan
Cover cropping is a common practice in U.S. Midwest carrot production for soil conservation, and may affect soil ecology and plant-parasitic nematodes-to which carrots are very susceptible. This study assessed the impact of cover crops-oats (Avena sativa), radish (Raphanus sativus) cv. Defender, rape (Brassica napus) cv. Dwarf Essex, and a mixture of oats and radish-on plant-parasitic nematodes and soil ecology based on the nematode community in Michigan carrot production systems. Research was conducted at two field sites where cover crops were grown in Fall 2014 preceding Summer 2015 carrot production...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510728/spatial-and-temporal-dynamics-of-aphids-hemiptera-aphididae-in-the-columbia-basin-and-northeastern-oregon
#8
Mathew L Klein, Silvia I Rondon, Darrin L Walenta, Qamar Zeb, Alexzandra F Murphy
Aphid species, such as the potato aphid, Macrosiphum euphorbiae Thomas, and the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer, are routinely considered the most important pests of potatoes. Potato aphid, green peach aphid, and more recently, other aphids such as the bird cherry-oat aphid Rhopalosiphum padi L. have been identified as vectors of multiple plant pathogenic viruses in potatoes. Since 2006, an area-wide trapping network consisting of ∼60 sites was developed through collaboration between researchers, extension faculty, and stakeholders, to monitor aphid populations in the Columbia Basin of Oregon (Umatilla and Morrow counties) and in northeastern Oregon (Union and Baker counties)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507467/preparation-and-characterization-of-beta-glucan-particles-containing-a-payload-of-nanoembedded-rifabutin-for-enhanced-targeted-delivery-to-macrophages
#9
Tarun K Upadhyay, Nida Fatima, Deepak Sharma, V Saravanakumar, Rolee Sharma
β-glucan particles (GP) are polymeric carbohydrates, mainly found as components of cell wall fungi, yeast, bacteria and also in cereals such as barley and oat, and have been recently shown to have application in macrophage-targeted drug delivery. The aim of this study was to prepare and characterize GP containing a large payload of Rifabutin (RB), an anti-tuberculosis drug effective against MDR-TB at lower MIC than Rifampicin. GP were prepared from yeast cells by acidic and alkaline extraction were either spray dried or lyophilized, prior to RB loading and alginate sealing...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504139/the-protective-role-of-phytate-in-the-oxidative-degradation-of-cereal-beta-glucans
#10
Yu-Jie Wang, Ruzhen Zhan, Tuula Sontag-Strohm, Ndegwa Henry Maina
This study investigated the role of phytate in the Fenton reaction induced oxidative degradation of cereal β-glucan. Viscosity analysis showed that the degradation rate was high in the beginning of oxidation, which fitted to the second order kinetic model. Oat β-glucan contained significant amount of residual phytate and after the residual phytate was removed, faster degradation was shown compared to the original oat β-glucan. Adding the same amount of phytic acid (PA) to the phytate removed β-glucan sample also retarded the degradation but not as efficiently as the residual phytate...
August 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503928/effect-of-intermittent-feeding-and-oat-hulls-to-improve-phytase-efficacy-and-digestive-function-in-broiler-chickens
#11
A Sacranie, X Adiya, L T Mydland, B Svihus
1. Two trials were carried out to investigate the impact of intermittent feeding and oat hulls as methods to stimulate the anterior digestive tract in broiler chickens. 2. In Trial 1, 7 d old broilers were placed 4 per cage in 48 cages and fed either ad libitum or intermittently on a diet with 50 g/kg of either oat hulls or cellulose with or without 1000 FTU phytase, in a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Ad libitum fed birds had two 4-h dark periods with 1 h light in-between, while intermittently fed birds in addition had restricted access to feed through 4 1-h feeding bouts...
May 15, 2017: British Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498879/nonsurgical-medical-penile-girth-augmentation-experience-based-recommendations
#12
Jayson Oates, Gemma Sharp
Penile augmentation is increasingly sought by men who are dissatisfied with the size and/or appearance of their penis. However, augmentation procedures are still considered to be highly controversial with no standardized recommendations reported in the medical literature and limited outcome data. Nevertheless, these procedures continue to be performed in increasing numbers in private settings. Therefore, there is a need for safe, effective, and minimally invasive procedures to be developed, evaluated, and reported in the research literature...
May 11, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493713/cetuximab-prevents-methotrexate-induced-cytotoxicity-in-vitro-through-epidermal-growth-factor-dependent-regulation-of-renal-drug-transporters
#13
Pedro Caetano-Pinto, Amer Jamalpoor, Janneke Ham, Anastasia Goumenou, Monique Mommersteeg, Dirk Pijnenburg, Rob Ruijtenbeek, Natalia Sánchez-Romero, Bertrand van Zelst, Sandra Heil, Jitske Jansen, Martijn J Wilmer, Carla M L van Herpen, Rosalinde Masereeuw
The combination of methotrexate with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) recombinant antibody, cetuximab, is currently being investigated in treatment of head and neck carcinoma. As methotrexate is cleared by renal excretion, we studied the effect of cetuximab on renal methotrexate handling. We used human conditionally immortalized proximal tubule epithelial cells over-expressing either organic anion transporter 1 or 3 (ciPTEC-OAT1/ciPTEC-OAT3) to examine OAT1 and OAT3, and the efflux pumps breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in methotrexate handling upon EGF and/or cetuximab treatment...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493602/avenacosides-metabolism-and-potential-use-as-exposure-biomarkers-of-oat-intake
#14
Pei Wang, Junli Yang, Aaron Yerke, Shengmin Sang
SCOPE: Exposure biomarkers used for objective estimation of whole-grain (WG) intake are essential for epidemiologic studies of WG consumption, however, up to now, no exposure biomarkers were developed for WG oat intake. This study investigates the potential of oat unique components, Avenacoside-B (AVE-B) and -A (AVE-A), as exposure biomarkers of oat intake. METHODS AND RESULTS: An in vivo study performed in mice and an in vitro batch fecalfermentation study were used to investigate the potential metabolic routes of AVE-B and -A...
May 11, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493281/editorial-being-a-mental-health-nurse
#15
EDITORIAL
Jennifer Oates
Being a mental health nurse can be a fraught experience, leading the reflective practitioner to question where they sit in relation to fellow nurses, fellow mental health professionals, patients and service users. We may question our position in relation to the broad spectrum of fellow mental health nurse colleagues, who work in a diversity of settings (compare the mental health nurse in a high secure setting with one working in a dementia memory clinic, for example). Whilst some aspects of mental health nursing are tasks, such as completing assessments and administering medication, mental health nurses themselves define the work in terms of forming and maintaining therapeutic relationships, 'therapeutic use of self' (Hurley et al, 2009) and 'being with' people (Hercelinskyj, 2014)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486880/process-oriented-dynamic-group-psychotherapy-for-depression-as-a-teaching-modality-in-a-family-medicine-residency-program-a-pilot-study
#16
Eric P Simon, Richard McClaflin, Rachel Zonca, Karen Mikuni, Willard Chung, Ethan Etnyre, Lindsey Faucette, David Oates, Chuck Merrill
Background and Objectives This pilot study provides a description and evaluation of process-oriented dynamic group psychotherapy for depression as a teaching modality for family medicine residents. The main purpose of using this modality was to teach family medicine residents a variety of psychological clinical skills. A secondary benefit of this modality was to provide in-house, primary care treatment to depressed patients, although the efficacy of this was not evaluated in the present study. Methods A 10-item, self-report, Likert-type questionnaire was administered to a convenience sample of family medicine residents who had participated in the program...
January 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485049/intensive-herbicide-use-has-selected-for-constitutively-elevated-levels-of-stress-responsive-mrnas-and-proteins-in-multiple-herbicide-resistant-avena-fatua-l
#17
Barbara K Keith, Erin E Burns, Brian Bothner, Charles C Carey, Aurélien J Mazurie, Jonathan K Hilmer, Sezgi Biyiklioglu, Hikmet Budak, William E Dyer
BACKGROUND: Intensive use of herbicides has led to the evolution two multiple herbicide-resistant (MHR) Avena fatua (wild oat) populations in Montana that are resistant to members of all selective herbicide families available for A. fatua control in U.S. small grain crops. We used transcriptome and proteome surveys to compare constitutive changes in MHR and herbicide susceptible (HS) plants associated with non-target site resistance (NTSR). RESULTS: Compared to HS plants, MHR plants contained constitutively elevated levels of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with functions in xenobiotic catabolism, stress response, redox maintenance, and transcriptional regulation that are similar to abiotic-stress tolerant phenotypes...
May 9, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484850/return-to-sporting-activity-after-osteochondral-autograft-transplantation-for-freiberg-disease-in-young-athletes
#18
Tetsuro Ishimatsu, Ichiro Yoshimura, Kazuki Kanazawa, Tomonobu Hagio, Takuaki Yamamoto
INTRODUCTION: Freiberg disease is defined as osteochondrosis of the metatarsal head and typically occurs in adolescents with sporting activity. This study aimed to evaluate the sporting activity of young athletes after osteochondral autograft transplantation (OAT) for Freiberg disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OAT for Freiberg disease was conducted in 12 consecutive patients between August 2008 and November 2014. The present study evaluated 10 of these patients who both undertook sporting activity preoperatively and were teenagers at the time of surgery...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477358/are-exposure-predictions-used-for-the-prioritisation-of-pharmaceuticals-in-the-environment-fit-for-purpose
#19
Emily E Burns, Jane Thomas-Oates, Dana W Kolpin, Edward T Furlong, Alistair B A Boxall
Prioritisation methodologies are often used for identifying those pharmaceuticals that pose the greatest risk to the natural environment and to focus laboratory testing or environmental monitoring towards pharmaceuticals of greatest concern. Risk-based prioritisation approaches, employing models to derive exposure concentrations, are commonly used but the reliability of these models is unclear. The present study evaluated the accuracy of exposure models commonly used for pharmaceutical prioritisation. Targeted monitoring was conducted for 95 pharmaceuticals in the Rivers Foss and Ouse in the City of York, UK...
May 6, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473601/american-college-of-radiology-and-society-of-nuclear-medicine-and-molecular-imaging-joint-credentialing-statement-for-pet-mr-imaging-body
#20
Rathan M Subramaniam, Hossein Jadvar, Patrick M Colletti, Alexander Guimaraes, Rao Gullapali, Andrei H Iagaru, Jonathan McConathy, Carolyn C Meltzer, Helen Nadel, Richard B Noto, Alan B Packard, Eric Rohren, M Elizabeth Oates
This joint statement is intended to guide credentialing bodies that privilege physicians to oversee the performance of and participation in the interpretation of PET/MR imaging in adult and pediatric patients in the United States.
May 4, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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