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Stomach botox

Hans Gregersen, Kar Man Lo
This review provides a biomechanical perspective on the pathophysiology and treatment of achalasia. The esophagus is efficient in transporting ingested material to the stomach in healthy subjects. A fine balance exists between the peristaltic forces generated in the esophageal body (which herein is defined as the preload) and the resistance in the outlet, the esophago-gastric junction (which is defined as the afterload). Achalasia is a rare esophageal disease that progressively over many years challenges esophageal efficacy...
May 14, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Valter Nilton Felix
End-stage achalasia is rarely effectively addressed with conservative treatments, as food must traverse a serpiginous route to reach the stomach. Botox injections in the setting of end-stage achalasia will likely provide minimal temporary palliation at best, pneumatic dilation has higher risks of perforation, and laparoscopic myotomy, while minimally invasive, has presented poor results. Under these circumstances, there are many proposed procedures to restore a viable alimentary condition to patients, from partial to subtotal resection of the esophagus; each of procedures confers both advantages and specific risks...
October 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Moshim Kukar, Steven N Hochwald
This video demonstrates our technique for a minimally invasive esophagectomy with side-to-side stapled cervical esophagogastric anastomosis. This technique is routinely utilized in most patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal or gastroesophageal junction malignancy, excluding type III gastroesophageal junction tumors. Absolute contraindications include significant tumor involvement of the fundus which may necessitate an intrathoracic anastomosis. Relative contraindications include poor pulmonary function or prior extensive surgical history that may either preclude surgery altogether or prevent the ability of the conduit from reaching the cervical region, or could preclude utilization of a minimally invasive approach...
December 2015: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Helle Ø Kristensen, Niels Christian Bjerregaard, Peter Rask, Frank Viborg Mortensen, Rastislav Kunda
INTRODUCTION: Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has been introduced as a new treatment of achalasia, and studies are emerging on POEM treatment of other esophageal motility disorders. The effects of medical treatment, botox injections and dilatations are often limited in patients with severe nutcracker esophagus (NE). We therefore decided to perform POEM in three patients with severe NE. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Informed consent was provided. POEM was performed under general anesthesia on the distal esophagus and upper stomach...
November 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Caroline Ostrowski, Lindsay Ronan, Ray Sheridan, Vaughan Pearce
We report on a case of a 65-year-old (CD) woman who sustained an atraumatic neck fracture. A combination of Parkinson's disease with motor fluctuations, chronic cervical dystonia and osteoporosis provided the basis for this interesting diagnosis. Mrs CD had progressed to complex phase idiopathic Parkinson's disease within 13 years of diagnosis. During this time she remained independent, only using a wheelchair when her motor fluctuations were bad. In 2011, she developed a sudden onset of neck spasm and occipital neuralgia, initially attributed to severe spasmodic cervical dystonia...
September 2013: Age and Ageing
Yuanyuan Zhang, Guihua Liu, Bradley P Kropp
UNLABELLED: Re-epithelialization demucosa stomach patch is important to prevent the patch being exposed to urine that might cause patch shrinkage and fibrosis formation due to urine-derived chemical irritation. Additionally, Botox A acts by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses to smooth muscles and so paralysing the muscles, which is commonly used to relax muscle for treatment of oesophageal achalasia due to overactive smooth muscle and sphincters of gastrointestinal tract. We fabricated in vitro tissue engineered urothelial mucosa with multi-layers of urothelium and smooth muscle layers seeded on SIS scaffold and then used this cell-scaffold construct to cover nuke gastro patch combining with Botox A for gastrocystoplasty in a canine model...
July 2012: BJU International
Jonathan T Carter, Dennis Nguyen, Garrett R Roll, Sandi W Ma, Lawrence W Way
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors of long-term outcome of laparoscopic Heller myotomy for achalasia, including predictors of heartburn and recurrent dysphagia, which occasionally develop postoperatively. DESIGN: Retrospective review using interviews of patients. SETTING: Academic university hospital. PATIENTS: One hundred sixty-five patients with achalasia who underwent a laparoscopic esophagomyotomy and Dor fundoplication...
September 2011: Archives of Surgery
Ninh T Nguyen, Chirag Dholakia, Xuan-Mai T Nguyen, Kevin Reavis
Pyloroplasty is performed during esophagectomy to avoid delayed gastric emptying. However, studies have shown that gastric function is minimally impaired even without a pyloroplasty when a gastric tube rather than the whole stomach is used for reconstruction. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes of minimally invasive esophagectomy without performance of a pyloroplasty. We performed a retrospective review of 145 patients who underwent a minimally invasive esophagectomy. The 30-day mortality was 2.1 per cent with an in-hospital mortality of 3...
October 2010: American Surgeon
Reza A Hejazi, Richard W McCallum
Refractory gastroparesis is a challenging disorder for gastroenterologists, internists, surgeons, and all health care professionals involved in the care of these patients. It should be managed by a stepwise algorithm beginning with dietary modifications, then prokinetic and antiemetic medications, measures to control pain and address psychological issues, and endoscopic or surgical options in selected patients, including placement of feeding jejunostomy tubes.
January 2009: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
Todd A Woltman, Carlos A Pellegrini, Brant K Oelschlager
Surgical therapy (Heller myotomy) is the most effective treatment to relieve dysphagia associated with achalasia. The advent of minimally invasive techniques, specifically the laparoscopic approach, significantly reduced the morbidity of surgical therapy, making it the procedure of choice for most patients who have achalasia. Pneumatic dilatation is a viable alternative, though is associated with inferior results and a higher risk of esophageal perforation than surgical therapy. Pharmacotherapy and Botox provide inferior results and should be reserved for temporizing therapy, or for patients who are deemed too frail for surgical intervention...
June 2005: Surgical Clinics of North America
Neelan Doolabh, Shannon Horswell, Mary Williams, Lynne Huber, Syma Prince, Dan M Meyer, Michael J Mack
BACKGROUND: Hyperhidrosis can cause significant professional and social handicaps. Although treatments such as oral medication, botox, and iontophoresis are available, surgical sympathectomy is being increasingly utilized. METHODS: Between January 1997 and December 2002, 180 patients with palmar, axillary, facial, or plantar hyperhidrosis underwent a thoracoscopic sympathectomy. Surgical technique evolved during our study period and included excision of the sympathetic ganglia at T(2), T(3), or T(4) depending on the location of the sweating using monopolar cautery...
February 2004: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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