keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148201/current-perspectives-on-the-role-of-tonsillectomy
#1
REVIEW
Samuel R Greig
Tonsillectomy is one of the most common paediatric surgical procedures performed in Australasia. The aim of this paper is to provide an up-to-date review of the indications for the procedure (and the evidence base for each of these indications), as well as describe the surgical technique and perioperative management and risks for a non-surgical audience. The primary indications for tonsillectomy are obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) (where it is most commonly performed in association with adenoidectomy) and recurrent pharyngotonsillitis...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147664/reduced-inspiratory-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#2
Thomas Rehling, Anne Margareta Banghøj, Marie Hvelplund Kristiansen, Lise Tarnow, Stig Molsted
Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is related to type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and it may be associated with reduced inspiratory muscle strength (IMS). The aim of this study was to investigate the IMS in patients with T2DM, with or without OSA. Methods: Patients with T2DM with OSA (n = 33) and without OSA (n = 28) were included. The maximum IMS was tested using the POWERbreathe KH2 device. Reference IMS values were data calculated using an algorithm based on general populations and adjusted for age and gender...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146723/nocturnal-serum-melatonin-levels-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-patients-with-sleep-disorders
#3
Seyyedeh Soghra Mousavi, E Vahedi, M Shohrati, Y Panahi, S Parvin
BACKGROUND: Sulfur mustard (SM) exposure causes respiratory disorders, progressive deterioration in lung function and mortality in injured victims and poor sleep quality is one of the most common problems among SM-exposed patients. Since melatonin has a critical role in regulation of sleep and awareness, this study aimed to evaluate the serum melatonin levels in SM-injured subjects. METHODS: A total of 30 SM-exposed male patients and 10 controls was evaluated. Sleep quality was evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); daytime sleepiness was measured by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the risk of obstructive sleep apnoea was determined by the STOP-Bang questionnaire...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146604/the-effect-of-treatment-for-sleep-apnoea-on-determinants-of-blood-pressure-control
#4
Raquel Casitas, Elisabet Martínez-Cerón, Raúl Galera, Carolina Cubillos-Zapata, María Jesús González-Villalba, Isabel Fernández-Navarro, Begoña Sánchez, Aldara García-Sánchez, Ester Zamarrón, Francisco García-Río
Our aim was to assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the nocturnal evolution of peripheral chemosensitivity, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activity, sympathetic tone and endothelial biomarkers in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients with isolated nocturnal hypertension (INH) or day-night sustained hypertension (D-NSH).In a crossover randomised trial, 32 OSA patients newly diagnosed with hypertension and without antihypertensive treatment were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of CPAP or sham CPAP...
November 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126756/-vascular-dysfunction-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-implication-of-microparticules
#5
REVIEW
W Trzepizur, P Priou, N Meslier, T Urban, M C Martínez, R Andriantsitohaina, F Gagnadoux
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular diseases, including myocardial infarction and stroke and promotes cardiovascular risk factors including diabetes and hypertension. OSA has also been proposed to have a direct proatherogenic effects. Recent studies have investigated the role of microparticles (MPs) in the atherogenic process. MPs are small plasma membrane vesicles that can be released by a variety of vascular or blood cells and that contain membrane and cytosolic elements...
November 7, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123432/a-pictorial-sleepiness-and-sleep-apnoea-scale-to-recognize-individuals-with-high-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#6
Cathrin Edelmann, Ramesh Ghiassi, Deborah R Vogt, Martyn R Partridge, Ramin Khatami, Jörg D Leuppi, David Miedinger
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of a new pictorial form of a screening test for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) - the pictorial Sleepiness and Sleep Apnoea Scale (pSSAS). Validation was performed in a sample of patients admitted to sleep clinics in the UK and Switzerland. Patients and methods: All study participants were investigated with objective sleep tests such as full-night-attended polysomnography or polygraphy. The pSSAS was validated by taking into account the individual result of the sleep study, sleep-related questionnaires and objective parameters such as body mass index (BMI) or neck circumference...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119482/patterns-of-comorbidity-and-disease-characteristics-among-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Lotta Ljung, Björn Sundström, Johan Smeds, Maria Ketonen, Helena Forsblad-d'Elia
The knowledge of the development of comorbidities in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is limited. The aim of this study was to analyse associations between AS disease characteristics and comorbidity and to evaluate patterns of comorbidities in patients with AS. Patients with AS, fulfilling the modified New York Criteria, were identified (n = 346, mean age 56 ± 15 years, 75% men, 99% HLA B27 positive). Through a review of the patient records, data on disease activity parameters, laboratory results, disease manifestations, and diagnoses of any clinically significant comorbidity was obtained...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114876/translating-carotid-body-function-into-clinical-medicine
#8
Rodrigo Iturriaga
The carotid body (CB) is considered the main O2 chemoreceptor, which contributes to the cardiorespiratory homeostasis and ventilatory acclimatization. In clinical medicine, the most common pathology associated with the CB are tumours. However, a growing body of evidences supports the novel idea that an enhanced CB chemosensory discharge contributes to the autonomic dysfunction and pathological consequences in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), hypertension, systolic heart failure (HF) and cardiometabolic diseases...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114413/perioperative-factors-affecting-ambulatory-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding
#9
Mirsad Dupanovic, Ron Krebill, Iris Dupanovic, John Nachtigal, Melissa Rockford, Walter Orr
Objective: Morbidly obese patients are traditionally hospitalised following bariatric surgery. However, laparoscopic-adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is amenable for ambulatory care. We hypothesised that the majority of patients can receive an ambulatory LAGB and that both surgical and anaesthetic perioperative factors will significantly affect non-ambulatory LAGB outcomes. Methods: Medical records of 201 consecutive LAGB patients performed at the University of Kansas Medical Centre during a 3-y period were reviewed...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113020/the-genetics-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#10
REVIEW
Sutapa Mukherjee, Richa Saxena, Lyle J Palmer
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common chronic disease and is associated with high social and economic costs. OSA is heritable, and there is evidence of both direct genetic contributions to OSA susceptibility and indirect contributions via 'intermediate' phenotypes such as obesity, craniofacial structure, neurological control of upper airway muscles and of sleep and circadian rhythm. Investigation of the genetics of OSA is an important research area and may lead to improved understanding of disease aetiology, pathogenesis, adverse health consequences and new preventive strategies and treatments...
November 7, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106789/depression-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#11
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is described as intermittent interruptions or reductions in airflow which are initiated by an incomplete or complete collapse of the upper airways despite respiratory effort. When left untreated, OSA is connected with comorbid conditions, such as cardiovascular and metabolic illnesses. METHOD: The PubMed database was used to examine papers published until April 2017 using the subsequent terms: "obstructive sleep apnea" or "obstructive sleep apnoea" and "depression" in successive combination with "CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure)", "therapy", "pharmacotherapy", "psychotherapy", "cognitive behavioral therapy" or "quality of life"...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105889/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-a-paediatric-patient-with-laryngeal-crohn-s-disease
#12
Tasnuba Pervez, Cheng Hiang Lee, Chris Seton, Marco Raftopulos, Catherine Birman, Edward O'loughlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105265/sleep-disordered-breathing-management-update
#13
Anna Mohammadieh, Kate Sutherland, Peter A Cistulli
The term sleep disordered breathing encompasses a spectrum of abnormalities, including snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), central sleep apnoea (CSA), respiratory-related arousals and hypoventilation. This review focuses on both OSA and CSA. It provides a clinical update of recent advances in the diagnosis, management and prognosis of these two conditions. An increasing array of treatment modalities, particularly for OSA, broadens the opportunity for personalised therapy tailored to the individual patient...
November 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103945/central-sympathetic-nervous-system-reinforcement-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#14
REVIEW
Magdalena Wszedybyl-Winklewska, Jacek Wolf, Arkadiusz Szarmach, Pawel J Winklewski, Edyta Szurowska, Krzysztof Narkiewicz
The available studies on cerebrovascular reactivity and cerebral oxygenation in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) patients brought conflicting results, yet the overall evidence suggests that resting state cerebral perfusion is diminished in these patients. Interestingly, in a group of healthy professional breath-hold divers who are exercising very long apnoeas - episodes corresponding to the ones observed in patients with OSA - demonstrated that cerebral oxygenation may remain stable at the expense of extreme sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation...
September 9, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103835/genioglossus-muscle-advancement-and-simultaneous-sliding-genioplasty-in-the-management-of-sleep-apnoea
#15
R Rojas, R Chateau, C Gaete, C Muñoz
Genioglossus muscle advancement (GMA) was reported in 1993 as an option for the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), in the context of phase I of the Stanford University (Powell-Riley) protocol. The rationale for this technique is the placement of tension on the base of the tongue, thus preventing the tongue from falling back into the posterior airway space. However, in retrognathic patients undergoing phase I of the Stanford University protocol, an additional genioplasty will provide a better aesthetic outcome...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083318/obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-can-be-identified-by-ion-mobility-spectrometry-derived-smell-prints-of-different-biological-materials
#16
Timm Greulich, Hannes Fischer, Dirk Lubbe, Christoph Nell, Joerg Ingo Baumbach, Ulrich Koehler, Tobias Boeselt, Claus Vogelmeier, Andreas Koczulla
The analysis of sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is time- and cost-intensive. A number of studies demonstrated that the non-invasive analysis of exhaled breath may be suitable to distinguish between OSAS patients and healthy subjects (HS). Methods/Population: We included OSAS patients (n=15) and HS (n=15) in this diagnostic proof-of-concept-study. All participants underwent polygraphy to verify or exclude OSAS and performed spirometry to exclude pulmonary ventilatory diseases. The VOC profile of exhaled breath and of the headspaces over exhaled breath condensate, pharyngeal washing fluid, and serum was measured using ion mobility spectrometry (BioScout®) and an e-nose (Cyranose® 320)...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079603/combination-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-insomnia-treated-by-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-with-the-sensawake-pressure-relief-technology-to-assist-sleep-a-randomised-cross-over-trial-protocol
#17
Jean Louis Pepin, Frédéric Gagnadoux, Alison Foote, Rachel Vicars, Bhavi Ogra, Véronique Viot-Blanc, Meriem Benmerad, Marie-Pia D'Ortho, Renaud Tamisier
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common sleep breathing disorder affecting up to 17% of the middle-aged population. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the primary treatment for patients with OSA, but acceptance and adherence to therapy is suboptimal in specific subgroups particularly those with insomnia or poor sleep quality (40%-80% of patients with OSA). Pressure intolerance, particularly during periods of wakefulness, inhibiting sleep onset or return to sleep, is one reason for poor CPAP adherence...
October 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077813/death-or-near-death-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-a-compendium-of-case-reports-of-critical-complications
#18
Y Subramani, M Nagappa, J Wong, J Patra, F Chung
The care of surgical patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) invokes concerns with safety and liability because of the risk that exists for perioperative death or near-death. The purpose of this review is to analyse the available literature to identify risk factors for perioperative critical complications in patients with OSA. Literature reports were screened for life threatening complications and deaths in surgical patients with OSA. The critical complications were sub-grouped as death/near-death events (death and anoxic brain damage) vs critical respiratory events (CRE)/other events and analysed for various risk factors...
November 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070581/personalised-medicine-in-sleep-respiratory-disorders-focus-on-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-diagnosis-and-treatment
#19
Maria R Bonsignore, Monique C Suarez Giron, Oreste Marrone, Alessandra Castrogiovanni, Josep M Montserrat
In all fields of medicine, major efforts are currently dedicated to improve the clinical, physiological and therapeutic understanding of disease, and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is no exception. The personalised medicine approach is relevant for OSA, given its complex pathophysiology and variable clinical presentation, the interactions with comorbid conditions and its possible contribution to poor outcomes. Treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective, but CPAP is poorly tolerated or not accepted in a considerable proportion of OSA patients...
December 31, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069399/a-meta-analysis-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-prevention-of-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#20
Safi U Khan, Crystal A Duran, Hammad Rahman, Manidhar Lekkala, Muhammad A Saleem, Edo Kaluski
Aims: To assess whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy reduces major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Methods and results: A total of 235 articles were recovered using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane library (inception-December 2016) and references contained in the identified articles. Seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected for final analysis. Analysis of 4268 patients demonstrated non-significant 26% relative risk reduction in MACE with CPAP [risk ratio (RR) 0...
October 24, 2017: European Heart Journal
keyword
keyword
10961
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"