keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326331/predicting-response-to-oxygen-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-patients-using-a-10-minute-daytime-test
#1
David Wang, Keith K Wong, Luke Rowsell, Garrick W Don, Brendon J Yee, Ronald R Grunstein
There is no satisfactory treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Supplemental low-flow oxygen therapy (LFO2) has been shown to reduce hypoxaemia and is well tolerated by patients with OSA. However, oxygen therapy may be beneficial only to certain subsets of patients with OSA. In this study, we evaluated a 10-min awake ventilatory chemoreflex test in predicting individual OSA response to 2 months of LFO2 therapy.At baseline, patients with OSA underwent ventilatory chemoreflex testing in the afternoon, prior to the overnight polysomnography...
January 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322844/among-middle-aged-adults-snoring-predicted-hypertension-independently-of-sleep-apnoea
#2
Habibolah Khazaie, Saeedeh Negahban, Mohammad R Ghadami, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Objective While the link between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and hypertension is well established, the relationships between snoring, OSA, and hypertension remain unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the association between hypertension and snoring independently of OSA. Methods Adults with sleep difficulties underwent a one-night polysomnographic sleep assessment, including a thorough assessment of apnoea and snoring. Upon waking, blood pressure was measured, the measurement repeated after 15 min, in a resting position...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318372/severe-obstructive-sleep-disorders-in-prader-willi-syndrome-patients-in-southern-italy
#3
Angelo Canora, Adriana Franzese, Enza Mozzillo, Valentina Fattorusso, Marialuisa Bocchino, Alessandro Sanduzzi
Sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB) is very common in paediatric patients affected by Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS). However, data addressing SBD patterns and their management are lacking. The aim of the present study was to analyse SDB features in 14 PWS patients (age range, 8 months-17 years). Polygraphic registration (PG) during a 12-h nocturnal sleep was performed in all patients. Obstructive and central apnoea indices and oxygen saturation (SpO2) were recorded along with demographic and clinical data...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317418/home-polygraphic-recording-with-telemedicine-monitoring-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-sleep-apnoea-in-stroke-hopes-study-study-protocol-for-a-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Stefan Thomas Kotzian, Angela Schwarzinger, Sandra Haider, Bernd Saletu, Josef Spatt, Michael Timothy Saletu
INTRODUCTION: Meta-analyses report that more than 50% of patients who had a stroke suffer from moderate to severe sleep apnoea (SA), with adherence rates to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy of only 30%. The primary objective of this study is to determine whether PAP adherence in patients who had a stroke with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can be improved by a PAP training strategy during inhospital rehabilitation combined with a telemedicine monitoring system after discharge. Further objectives are (1) to compare the validity of a non-attended level-III polygraphy with that of a level-II polysomnography (PSG) in the diagnosis of SA, (2) to compare the validity of an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) yielded by the PAP device with that obtained during PSG, (3) to determine changes in nocturnal systolic blood pressure (BP) due to PAP therapy with the pulse transit time (PTT) method and (4) to assess the impact of telemonitored PAP therapy on neurorehabilitation outcome parameters...
January 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314419/convergent-validity-of-actigraphy-with-polysomnography-and-parent-reports-when-measuring-sleep-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#5
A J Esbensen, E K Hoffman, E Stansberry, R Shaffer
BACKGROUND: There is a need for rigorous measures of sleep in children with Down syndrome as sleep is a substantial problem in this population and there are barriers to obtaining the gold standard polysomnography (PSG). PSG is cost-prohibitive when measuring treatment effects in some clinical trials, and children with Down syndrome may not cooperate with undergoing a PSG. Minimal information is available on the validity of alternative methods of assessing sleep in children with Down syndrome, such as actigraphy and parent ratings...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313906/respiratory-complications-of-anaesthesia
#6
REVIEW
G H Mills
Postoperative pulmonary complications are a major determinant of outcome for patients and consume huge resources within hospital, particularly in critical care. Prediction and anticipation of postoperative pulmonary complications are vital for patient selection and, in some cases, for informed patient consent. Being able to assess the likelihood of postoperative pulmonary complications also allows research into methods to reduce them by allowing allocation of patients to the appropriate arms of research trials...
January 2018: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304185/high-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-for-difficult-deep-sedation-in-percutaneous-mitral-valve-repair
#7
Katharina Hellhammer, Shazia Afzal, Renate Tigges, Maximilian Spieker, Tienush Rassaf, Tobias Zeus, Ralf Westenfeld, Malte Kelm, Patrick Horn
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of deep sedation (DS) in MitraClip® procedures have been shown previously. However, clinical experience demonstrates that in some patients DS is difficult to achieve. We hypothesize that some patient characteristics can predict difficult DS. METHODS: We prospectively analysed 69 patients undergoing MitraClip® procedures using DS. Application of DS was graded as simple (group 1) or difficult (group 2) depending on a cumulative score based on one point for each of the following criteria: decrease in oxygen saturation, retention of carbon dioxide, disruptive body movements, and the need for catecholamines...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303287/-cardiovascular-risk-of-sleep-apnoea-and-case-report
#8
Jana Vyskočilová
The most frequently occurring sleep breathing disorders include sleep apnoea which in particular negatively affects quality of sleep, thereby affecting all organs in the body. Among the severe complications of untreated sleep apnoea are cardiovascular diseases including the most serious complication - sudden death in sleep due to a severe heart rhythm disorder.Key words: central sleep apnoea - cardiovascular diseases - obstructive sleep apnoea - sleep apnoea.
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301611/validation-of-the-danish-stop-bang-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-questionnaire-in-a-public-sleep-clinic
#9
Asbjørn Kørvel-Hanquist, Ida Gillberg Andersen, Sophie Elisabeth Krogh Lauritzen, Susanne Dahlgaard, Janko Moritz


INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnoea is common; a prevalence of 1-5% was previously reported. However, only few cases are diagnosed and receive treatment. The aim of this study was to validate the Danish translated version of the STOP-Bang screening tool for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in a public sleep clinic. 
 METHODS: A study population of 208 patients who were referred to a public sleep clinic on suspicion of OSA were assessed with the STOP-Bang questionnaire and at-home cardiorespiratory monitoring in order to assess the quality of the questionnaire as an OSA screening tool...
January 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300271/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-adults-peri-operative-considerations-a-narrative-review
#10
Martin Roesslein, Frances Chung
: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder of sleep with a prevalence increasing in parallel with the worldwide rise in obesity. Alterations in sleep duration and architecture, hypersomnolence, abnormal gas exchange and also associated comorbidities may all feature in affected patients.The peri-operative period poses a special challenge for surgical patients with OSA who are often undiagnosed, and are at an increased risk for complications including pulmonary and cardiovascular, during that time...
January 2, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286994/the-effect-of-midface-advancement-surgery-on-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis
#11
Clair Saxby, Kate A Stephenson, Katherine Steele, Sonna Ifeacho, Michelle E Wyatt, Martin Samuels
BACKGROUND: Children with syndromic craniosynostosis frequently suffer from obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). The aim of the authors' study was to investigate if midface advancement surgery for patients with SC improved the severity of OSA by examining the results of sleep studies before and after surgery. METHODS: A retrospective comparison of the pre and postoperative sleep study data of children undergoing midface advancement surgery at Great Ormond Street Hospital between 2007 and 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284686/role-of-common-hypnotics-on-the-phenotypic-causes-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-paradoxical-effects-of-zolpidem
#12
Jayne C Carberry, Lauren P Fisher, Ronald R Grunstein, Simon C Gandevia, David K McKenzie, Jane E Butler, Danny J Eckert
Hypnotics are contraindicated in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) because of concerns of pharyngeal muscle relaxation and delayed arousal worsening hypoxaemia. However, human data are lacking. This study aimed to determine the effects of three common hypnotics on the respiratory arousal threshold, genioglossus muscle responsiveness and upper airway collapsibility during sleep.21 individuals with and without OSA (18-65 years) completed 84 detailed sleep studies after receiving temazepam (10 mg), zolpidem (10 mg), zopiclone (7...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275335/association-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-with-the-risk-of-vascular-outcomes-and-all-cause-mortality-a-meta-analysis
#13
Chengjuan Xie, Ruolin Zhu, Yanghua Tian, Kai Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to conduct a meta-analysis to explore and summarise the evidence regarding the association between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and the subsequent risk of vascular outcomes and all-cause mortality. METHODS: Electronic databases PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify studies conducted through May 2016. Prospective cohort studies that reported effect estimates with 95% CIs of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, cardiac death, all-cause mortality and heart failure for different levels versus the lowest level of OSA were included...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241412/tonsillotomy-versus-tonsillectomy-in-adults-suffering-from-tonsil-related-afflictions-a-systematic-review
#14
Justin E R E Wong Chung, Peter Paul G van Benthem, Henk M Blom
OBJECTIVE: Tonsillotomy has emerged as an alternative for tonsillectomy in treating patients with tonsil-related afflictions. Tonsillotomy provides favourable outcomes in children, but treatment of choice in adults remains unclear. This systematic review sought to evaluate the current literature on the efficacy and adverse events of tonsillotomy compared to tonsillectomy in adults. METHODS: A Medline and Cochrane search was conducted for randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and cohort studies comparing tonsillotomy to tonsillectomy in adults...
December 15, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237658/emergency-salpingectomy-for-ruptured-ectopic-pregnancy-in-patient-with-melnick-needles-syndrome-a-rare-otopalatodigital-syndrome
#15
Mark Zachary Johnson, Cormac Francis Mullins, Declan Keane, Ingrid Browne
Melnick-Needles syndrome (M-NS) is a rare genetic disorder which primarily affects skeletal developments. M-NS may also affect the cardiorespiratory and renal systems. A 35 kg patient presented complaining of abdominal pain. Following a positive pregnancy test and ultrasound examination, she was diagnosed with a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. She had a significant background history of M-NS, obstructive sleep apnoea (with narrow gauge tracheostomy in situ), obstructive lung disease and scoliosis. She received fluid resuscitation, and the case was managed using an open salpingectomy and clot evacuation under combined spinal/epidural anaesthesia...
December 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235925/left-atrial-remodelling-may-predict-exercise-capacity-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-patients
#16
Süha Çetin, Mustafa Vural, Ramazan Akdemir, Hikmet Fırat
BACKGROUND: Left atrial volume (LAV) and LA deformation has been proposed as a good marker of exercise performance in patients with diastolic dysfunction (DD). As DD is more prevalent in obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) we aimed to evaluate the influence of LAV and LA deformation parameters on exercise performance in varying severity of OSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OSA was diagnosed after polysomnography. Fifty-five OSA patients were enrolled in the study. OSA patients were divided into two groups with apnoea-hypopna-index (AHI) > 30 and <30...
December 13, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234143/risk-of-glomerular-filtration-rate-decline-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#17
Shao-Yun Wang, Jing Luo, Yi-Fei Dong, Xu-Yang Liu, Ying-Li Fan, Ming Deng, Da-Wei Chen, Ping Li, Xiao-Shu Cheng
Sleep apnoea is associated with chronic kidney diseases. A high obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) prevalence is shown in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Whether the presence of OSA would affect the renal function of patients with HCM is unknown. Forty-five consecutive patients with HCM were divided into the HCM OSA- and OSA+ groups. Forty-three patients with OSA without HCM were recruited as controls. Clinical indices, including estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), were measured...
December 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232460/travel-with-cpap-machines-how-frequent-and-what-are-the-problems
#18
Richard Bodington, Owen Johnson, Pippa Carveth-Johnson, Shoaib Faruqi
Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome is a common condition for which continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) is the standard treatment. The condition affects a population of which a substantial proportion will be travelling. Methods: We use a questionnaire survey of CPAP users to gain understanding regarding the behaviours, attitudes and problems surrounding travel with CPAP machines during travel and while abroad. All CPAP patients on our database at a UK district general hospital reviewed over a period of 4 years were sent a postal questionnaire...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230409/relationship-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-with-diabetic-retinopathy-a-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Zhenliu Zhu, Fengying Zhang, Yunxia Liu, Shuqin Yang, Chunting Li, Qingliang Niu, Jinming Niu
Until now, the relationship of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) with diabetic retinopathy (DR) was controversial. This meta-analysis was performed to obtain definitive conclusion on this topic. Relevant articles were searched on databases of Pubmed, Google Scholar, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The articles were selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to evaluate the relationship of OSA with risk of DR. I2 and P value were used to assess the presence of heterogeneity...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227046/prevalence-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-overlap-syndrome-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome
#20
Donato Lacedonia, Giovanna Elisiana Carpagnano, Giulia Patricelli, Mauro Carone, Crescenzio Gallo, Incoronata Caccavo, Roberto Sabato, Annarita Depalo, Maria Aliani, Alberto Capozzolo, Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro
INTRODUCTION: Sleep-disordered breathing causes a burden to the sufferer, the healthcare system, and the society. Most studies have focused on Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), however, the prevalence of comorbidities in patients affected by Overlap Syndrome (OS) and Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) has not been carefully evaluated. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The principal aim of this study was to identify the presence of comorbidities in patients suffering from OSA, OS, OHS and the differences in three groups of patients...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
keyword
keyword
10961
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"