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Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102087/relationship-quality-of-persons-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome
#1
Francesco Tramonti, Michelangelo Maestri, Luca Carnicelli, Giulia Fava, Valentina Lombardi, Martina Rossi, Monica Fabbrini, Elisa Di Coscio, Elena Iacopini, Enrica Bonanni
In the field of sleep disorders, the quality of couple relationship is arousing increasing attention, given its implications for quality of life and treatment adherence. The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship quality in a sample of treated or untreated patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome. Eighty-seven patients were recruited in a hospital-based Centre for Sleep Medicine. Subjects were administered the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS) to evaluate relationship quality, and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101479/excessive-daytime-sleepiness-and-sleep-disorders-in-a-population-of-patients-with-epilepsy-a-case-control-study
#2
Matilde Gammino, Leila Zummo, Anna Lo Bue, Lidia Urso, Valeria Terruso, Oreste Marrone, Brigida Fierro, Ornella Daniele
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are several primary causes for excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and sleep disorders in patients with epilepsy. Up to now, studies in the literature report conflicting data in terms of both prevalence and aetiology. The aim of our study was therefore to evaluate the prevalence of EDS and some sleep disorders in a population of patients with epilepsy treated with no more than two antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). We also investigated the role of the depression of mood as a variable that can negatively affect EDS...
December 2016: Journal of Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094865/long-term-side-effects-on-the-temporomandibular-joints-and-orofacial-function-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treated-with-a-mandibular-advancement-device
#3
Sofie W Knappe, Merete Bakke, Palle Svanholt, Arne Petersson, Liselotte Sonnesen
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in long-term treatment with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) to increase the upper airway space, may develop changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the orofacial function due to the protruded jaw position during sleep. The aim was to investigate the influence of long-term MAD treatment on the TMJs, orofacial function and occlusion. This prospective study included 30 men and 13 women (median age 54) with OSA (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI): 7-57). They were examined with the Nordic Orofacial Test Screening (NOT-S), the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the TMJs...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077479/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-as-a-cause-of-nocturnal-nondipping-blood-pressure-recent-evidence-regarding-clinical-importance-and-underlying-mechanisms
#4
EDITORIAL
Sophie J Crinion, Silke Ryan, Walter T McNicholas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073822/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-quality-of-life-in-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-a-parallel-cohort-study
#5
Thomas Gaisl, Cecilia Giunta, Daniel J Bratton, Kate Sutherland, Christian Schlatzer, Noriane Sievi, Daniel Franzen, Peter A Cistulli, Marianne Rohrbach, Malcolm Kohler
BACKGROUND: Patients with the connective tissue disorder Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) often suffer from fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness and impaired quality of life. Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) may be an underlying cause for these symptoms but its prevalence in this population is unclear. METHODS: In this prospective parallel-cohort study, we included 100 adult patients with EDS (46% hypermobile-type, 35% classical-type and 19% other), which were one-to-one matched to 100 healthy adult controls according to sex, age, weight and height...
January 10, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069600/cpap-did-not-reduce-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-coronary-or-cerebrovascular-disease-and-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#6
Yüksel Peker, Patrick J Strollo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057701/a-prospective-10-year-follow-up-dental-cast-study-of-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-snoring-who-use-a-mandibular-protruding-device
#7
Anette M C Fransson, Agata Kowalczyk, Göran Isacsson
OBJECTIVES: This 10-year prospective study aimed to measure and evaluate the teeth position and occlusion following 10-year nocturnal use of a mandibular protruding device (MPD) in subjects with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) or snoring. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven consecutive patients diagnosed with OSA/snoring were treated with an MPD. Fabrication of dental casts with jaw registration indexes in the intercuspal position was carried out at baseline and at follow-up, a construction bite was made, and an MPD was fitted...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057621/interaction-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-cognitive-impairment-with-slow-gait-speed-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults
#8
Sunghee Lee, Chol Shin
OBJECTIVE: to investigate whether slow gait speed is associated with cognitive impairment and further whether the association is modified by obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). METHODS: in total, 2,222 adults aged 49-80 years, free from dementia, stroke and head injury were asked to walk a 4-m course at fast and usual gait speeds. The time taken to walk was measured. All participants completed the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination, which was validated in the Korean language, to assess cognitive function...
January 4, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050420/effect-of-cpap-therapy-in-improving-daytime-sleepiness-in-indian-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-osa
#9
Gulshan Battan, Sanjeev Kumar, Ajay Panwar, Virendra Atam, Pradeep Kumar, Anil Gangwar, Ujjawal Roy
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is a highly prevalent disease and a major public health issue in India. Excessive daytime sleepiness is an almost ubiquitous symptom of OSA. Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score is a validated objective score to measure the degree of daytime sleepiness. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy has been established as the gold standard treatment modality for OSA patients. A few Indian studies have reported the effectiveness of CPAP therapy in improving ESS scores after 1(st) month of CPAP use...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049126/comorbidities-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#10
REVIEW
George A Margaritopoulos, Katerina M Antoniou, Athol U Wells
Fibrosing lung disorders include a large number of diseases with diverse behaviour. Patients can die because of the progression of their illness, remain stable or even improve after appropriate treatment has been instituted. Comorbidities, such as acute and chronic infection, gastro-oesophageal reflux, pulmonary hypertension, lung cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and obstructive sleep apnoea, can pre-exist or develop at any time during the course of the disease and, if unidentified and untreated, may impair quality of life, impact upon the respiratory status of the patients, and ultimately lead to disease progression and death...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049125/pre-operative-screening-for-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#11
REVIEW
Johan Verbraecken, Jan Hedner, Thomas Penzel
Sleep disordered breathing, especially obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), has a high and increasing prevalence. Depending on the apnoea and hypopnoea scoring criteria used, and depending on the sex and age of the subjects investigated, prevalence varies between 3% and 49% of the general population. These varying prevalences need to be reflected when considering screening for OSA. OSA is a cardiovascular risk factor and patients are at risk when undergoing medical interventions such as surgery. Screening for OSA before anaesthesia and surgical interventions is increasingly considered...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029582/obstructive-sleep-apnoea-is-frequent-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#12
Anne Margareta Banghoej, Henriette Holst Nerild, Peter Lommer Kristensen, Ulrik Pedersen-Bjergaard, Jesper Fleischer, Andreas Emil Kryger Jensen, Michael Laub, Birger Thorsteinsson, Lise Tarnow
AIM: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is frequent in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study is to evaluate prevalence of OSA in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, all patients with type 1 diabetes attending the outpatient clinic were offered screening for OSA for one night with the ApneaLink+ home-monitoring device. OSA was classified by the Apnoea-Hypopnea index (AHI; apnoeas/hypopneas per hour sleep). Symptoms of OSA were scored using the Epworth Sleepiness Score...
January 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019643/sleep-quality-improves-with-endoscopic-sinus-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-and-nasal-polyposis
#13
M Värendh, A Johannisson, H Hrubros-Strøm, M Andersson
BACKGROUND: Chronic Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyposis (CRSwNP) is a chronic disease that has a major impact on generic and disease-specific quality of life. Little is known about the influence of CRSwNP on sleep and what effect surgery for CRSwNP has on sleep quality. The aim of the study was to investigate sleep quality in patients with CRSwNP before and after endoscopic surgery. METHODOLOGY: Forty-two patients filled out four validated sleep questionnaires and one sino/nasal, disease specific quality of life questionnaire before surgery and three months later...
December 26, 2016: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013207/an-investigation-into-the-prevalence-of-sleep-disturbances-in-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Katie L Hackett, Zoe M Gotts, Jason Ellis, Vincent Deary, Tim Rapley, Wan-Fai Ng, Julia L Newton, Katherine H O Deane
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether sleep disturbances are more prevalent in primary SS (pSS) patients compared with the general population and to recognize which specific sleep symptoms are particularly problematic in this population. METHODS: Electronic searches of the literature were conducted in PubMed, Medline (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), PsychINFO (Ovid) and Web of Science and the search strategy registered a priori Titles and abstracts were reviewed by two authors independently against a set of prespecified inclusion/exclusion criteria, reference lists were examined and a narrative synthesis of the included articles was conducted...
December 24, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003693/all-india-difficult-airway-association-2016-guidelines-for-the-management-of-anticipated-difficult-extubation
#15
Pankaj Kundra, Rakesh Garg, Apeksh Patwa, Syed Moied Ahmed, Venkateswaran Ramkumar, Amit Shah, Jigeeshu Vasishtha Divatia, Sumalatha Radhakrishna Shetty, Ubaradka S Raveendra, Jeson R Doctor, Dilip K Pawar, Ramesh Singaravelu, Sabyasachi Das, Sheila Nainan Myatra
Extubation has an important role in optimal patient recovery in the perioperative period. The All India Difficult Airway Association (AIDAA) reiterates that extubation is as important as intubation and requires proper planning. AIDAA has formulated an algorithm based on the current evidence, member survey and expert opinion to incorporate all patients of difficult extubation for a successful extubation. The algorithm is not designed for a routine extubation in a normal airway without any associated comorbidity...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999786/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-autonomic-function-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#16
Annelies Van Eyck, Kim Van Hoorenbeeck, Benedicte Y De Winter, Luc Van Gaal, Wilfried De Backer, Stijn L Verhulst
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), common in children with obesity, is associated with cardiovascular morbidity. Autonomic dysfunction has been suggested to be a key player in the development of these complications. We investigated the relationship between obesity, OSA and sympathetic activity in children. 191 children with obesity were included and distributed into two groups: 131 controls and 60 with OSA. Beat-to-beat RR interval data were extracted from polysomnography for heart rate variability analysis. Urinary free cortisol levels were determined...
October 2016: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998040/sleep-apnoea-in-heart-failure-to-treat-or-not-to-treat
#17
REVIEW
Matthew T Naughton, Kirk Kee
Heart failure (HF) and sleep apnoea are common disorders which frequently coexist. Two main types of apnoea occur: one is obstructive which, through recurring episodes of snoring, hypoxaemia, large negative intra-thoracic pressures and arousals from sleep leading to downstream inflammatory and autonomic nervous system changes, is thought to be a causative factor to the development of systemic hypertension and HF. The other type of apnoea, Cheyne-Stokes respiration with central sleep apnoea (CSR-CSA), is characterized by an oscillatory pattern of ventilation with a prevailing hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia, often in the absence of significant hypoxaemia and snoring, and is thought to be a consequence of advanced HF-related low cardiac output, high sympathetic nervous system activation and pulmonary congestion...
February 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990371/retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness-changes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jia-Song Wang, Hua-Tao Xie, Ye Jia, Ming-Chang Zhang
AIM: To evaluate the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness changes in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), and detect possible prevalence of glaucoma in this population. METHODS: Comprehensive studies were conducted on the Cochrane Library, PubMed and Embase through March, 2015. Only studies that fit the selection criteria about RNFL and OSAS would be included. For the measures, we calculated the 95% confidence interval (CI) and weighted mean differences (WMD)...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982168/managing-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-children-the-role-of-craniofacial-morphology
#19
Maria Fernanda Rabelo Bozzini, Renata Cantisani Di Francesco
Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome is a type of sleep-disordered breathing that affects 1 to 5% of all children. Pharyngeal and palatine tonsil hypertrophy is the main predisposing factor. Various abnormalities are predisposing factors for obstructive sleep apnoea, such as decreased mandibular and maxillary lengths, skeletal retrusion, increased lower facial height and, consequently, increased total anterior facial height, a larger cranio-cervical angle, small posterior airway space and an inferiorly positioned hyoid bone...
November 1, 2016: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974526/chronotherapy-for-hypertension-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-chosa-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#20
Yasmina Serinel, Brendon J Yee, Ronald R Grunstein, Keith H Wong, Peter A Cistulli, Hisatomi Arima, Craig L Phillips
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is an important cause of secondary hypertension. Nocturnal hypertension is particularly prevalent in OSA and is a strong predictor of cardiovascular mortality. Studies in patients with essential hypertension have suggested that nocturnal administration of antihypertensives improves nocturnal blood pressure (BP) without elevating daytime BP. We evaluated the efficacy of this technique in patients with OSA with stage I/II hypertension, both before and after the addition of CPAP...
December 14, 2016: Thorax
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