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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913659/formative-research-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-develop-an-oral-health-intervention-for-migrant-mexican-families
#1
Tracy L Finlayson, Padideh Asgari, Lisa Hoffman, Ana Palomo-Zerfas, Martha Gonzalez, Nannette Stamm, Maria-Isabel Rocha, Arcela Nunez-Alvarez
Oral health is a leading unmet health need among migrant families. This article describes the 1-year, community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach employed to plan and develop a Líder Communitario (lay community health worker)-led educational intervention for Mexican migrant adult caregivers and their families in three underserved, remote communities in North San Diego County, California. Four partner organizations collaborated, reviewed existing oral health curricula, and sought extensive input on educational topics and research design from key informants, migrant caregivers, and Líderes Communitarios...
December 1, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904519/mind-conduct-disorders-in-children-with-poor-oral-hygiene-habits-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-excessive-tooth-decay
#2
Onur Burak Dursun, Fatih Şengül, İbrahim Selçuk Esin, Tevfik Demirci, Nermin Yücel, Mehmet Melih Ömezli
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and poor oral hygiene are among the major childhood public health problems. Although dental research frequently refers to the link between these conditions and behavioural issues, little attention has been paid to understanding the reason for oral health problems from a psychiatric point of view. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between poor oral health and hygiene and parental attitudes towards child rearing, parents' and children's oral hygiene behaviours, and childhood psychiatric disorders...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898021/salivary-microbiome-diversity-in-caries-free-and-caries-affected-children
#3
Shan Jiang, Xiaoli Gao, Lijian Jin, Edward C M Lo
Dental caries (tooth decay) is an infectious disease. Its etiology is not fully understood from the microbiological perspective. This study characterizes the diversity of microbial flora in the saliva of children with and without dental caries. Children (3-4 years old) with caries (n = 20) and without caries (n = 20) were recruited. Unstimulated saliva (2 mL) was collected from each child and the total microbial genomic DNA was extracted. DNA amplicons of the V3-V4 hypervariable region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene were generated and subjected to Illumina Miseq sequencing...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896790/free-volume-structure-of-acrylic-type-dental-nanocomposites-tested-with-annihilating-positrons
#4
Olha Shpotyuk, Adam Ingram, Oleh Shpotyuk
Positron annihilation spectroscopy in lifetime measuring mode exploring conventional fast-fast coincidence ORTEC system is employed to characterize free volume structure of commercially available acrylic-type dental restorative composite Charisma® (Heraeus Kulzer GmbH, Germany). The measured lifetime spectra for uncured and light-cured composites are reconstructed from unconstrained x3-term fitting and semi-empirical model exploring x3-x2-coupling decomposition algorithm. The governing channel of positron annihilation in the composites studied is ascribed to mixed positron-Ps trapping, where Ps decaying in the third component is caused entirely by input from free-volume holes in polymer matrix, while the second component is defined by free positron trapping in interfacial free-volume holes between filler nanoparticles and surrounded polymer matrix...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892627/withdrawn-pulp-management-for-caries-in-adults-maintaining-pulp-vitality
#5
REVIEW
Hiroshi Miyashita, Helen V Worthington, Alison Qualtrough, Alphons Plasschaert
BACKGROUND: There is a range of treatment options for the management of the pulp in extensively decayed teeth. These include direct and indirect pulp capping, pulpotomy or pulpectomy. If the tooth is symptomatic or if there are periapical bone changes, then endodontic treatment is required. However, if the tooth is asymptomatic but the caries is extensive, there is no consensus as to the best method of management. In addition, there has been a recent move towards using alternative materials and methods such as the direct or indirect placement of bonding agents and mineral trioxide aggregate...
November 28, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891472/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-tamil-speaking-adults-attending-a-dental-institution-in-chennai-southern-india
#6
Deva Priya Appukuttan, Anupama Tadepalli, Dhayanand John Victor, Smriti Dharuman
INTRODUCTION: Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) indicates an individual's perception of how their well-being and quality of life is influenced by oral health. It facilitates treatment planning, assessing patient centred treatment outcomes and satisfaction. AIM: The study aimed to identify the factors influencing OHRQoL among Tamil speaking South Indian adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-probability sampling was done and 199 subjects aged 20-70 years were recruited for this observational study...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891457/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-primary-school-children-of-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Anand Hiremath, Vikneshan Murugaboopathy, Anil V Ankola, Mamata Hebbal, Suganya Mohandoss, Pratibha Pastay
INTRODUCTION: In India, the trend indicates an increase in oral health problems especially dental caries, which has been consistently increasing both in prevalence and in severity. Children of all age groups are affected by dental caries. It becomes imperative to collect the data on prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs to provide preventive care. AIM: To assess the prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs of 6-11years old Indian school children...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889775/vitamin-d-receptor-taqi-gene-polymorphism-and-dental-caries-in-czech-children
#8
Lydie Izakovicova Holla, Petra Borilova Linhartova, Jakub Kastovsky, Michaela Bartosova, Kristina Musilova, Lubomir Kukla, Martina Kukletova
AIM: We analyzed the VDR TaqI (rs731236) gene polymorphism in children with and those without dental caries. METHODS: A total of 388 subjects, 153 caries-free (with decayed/missing/filled teeth [DMFT] = 0) and 235 children with dental caries (DMFT ≥1), were genotyped by the TaqMan method. RESULTS: Although no significant differences in VDR TaqI allele and genotype frequencies between caries-free and caries-affected children were detected, a significant association between this polymorphism and gingivitis was found (p < 0...
November 26, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886272/can-long-term-dentine-bonding-created-in-real-life-be-forecasted-by-parameters-established-in-the-laboratory
#9
Heleine M C Rêgo, Thaís S Alves, Eduardo Bresciani, Li-Na Niu, Franklin R Tay, César R Pucci
Tooth-coloured plastic dental fillings secured by adhesives to tooth structures are widely used to fix decayed teeth. Whereas laboratory tests demonstrate rapid deterioration of the ability of the adhesives to stick to dentine, clinical studies show that these fillings are relatively durable. This discrepancy suggests that the parameters used for simulating bond degradation in the laboratory setting do not correlate well with clinical outcomes. The present study examined the long-term tensile bond strength of resin composite fillings performed in real life and under different laboratory-simulated bonding conditions to identify parameters that may be used to forecast the durability of adhesive bonds created in dentine...
November 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874179/association-between-chewing-difficulty-and-symptoms-of-depression-in-adults-results-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Hye-Sun Shin, Yong-Soon Ahn, Do-Seon Lim
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between chewing difficulty and symptoms of depression in a representative sample of the Korean population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). PARTICIPANTS: KNHANES participants (N = 5,158). MEASUREMENTS: Chewing difficulty was assessed according to the self-reported presence of chewing problems using a structured questionnaire...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874156/prevalence-of-obesity-in-elementary-school-children-and-its-association-with-dental-caries
#11
Deema J Farsi, Heba M Elkhodary, Leena A Merdad, Najat M A Farsi, Sumer M Alaki, Najlaa M Alamoudi, Haneen A Bakhaidar, Mohammed A Alolayyan
To investigate the prevalence of obesity among elementary school children and to examine the association between obesity and caries activity in the mixed dentition stage. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between September 2014 and June 2015 using a multi-stage stratified sample of 915 elementary school children (482 boys, 433 girls) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements, consisting of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC), were obtained...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865212/changes-in-the-oral-health-of-the-children-of-dili-timor-leste-between-2002-and-2014
#12
Lucio F Babo Soares, Penny L Allen, Jenna Kingi, Kaye Roberts-Thomson, Silvana Bettiol, Leonard Crocombe
INTRODUCTION: This research compared the oral health status of school children in Dili (the capital of Timor Leste) in 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The 2014 oral health survey of Dili's children replicated the methods of an AusAID-supported oral health survey conducted in 2002. Equal numbers of children were invited to participate from four age groups (6-8, 9-11, 12-14 and 15-17 years). For the 2014 survey, the subdistricts of Dom Aleixo, Cristo Rei, Metinaro and Vera Cruz were randomly selected for inclusion...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861912/significant-caries-and-the-interactive-effects-of-maternal-related-oral-hygiene-factors-in-urban-preschool-children
#13
Ying-Chun Lin, Wen-Chen Wang, Jen-Hao Chen, Ping-Ho Chen, Chien-Hung Lee, Hsiao-Ling Huang
OBJECTIVES: This study examined significant caries (SiC) and the interactive effects of maternal-related oral hygiene factors in urban preschool children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed to collect data from a cluster of randomly selected samples in 2011. A total of 495 child-mother pairs from the San-Ming District of Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, participated in the study. Children aged 4-6 years received dental examinations, and their mothers completed a self-administered questionnaire...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860358/deficits-in-oral-health-behavior-and-oral-health-status-in-patients-after-lung-transplantation
#14
Anna Marcinkowski, Dirk Ziebolz, Bjoern E Kleibrink, Gerhard Weinreich, Markus Kamler, Helmut Teschler, Urte Sommerwerck
BACKGROUND: Dental status has been implicated in several systemic inflammatory diseases and is a potential focus for systemic infections. Therefore, most lung-transplant centers have recommendations regarding pre-transplant dental care and follow-up, but there are no official clinical guidelines. To date there is little information on oral health status in lung transplant (LTx) recipients. The aim of this study was to systematically assess oral health status in LTx recipients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess oral health status, including periodontal disease, oral health behavior, and awareness of the need for good oral health after LTx...
November 18, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849279/oral-health-status-and-functional-capacity-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#15
Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846636/caries-and-innate-immunity-defb1-gene-polymorphisms-and-caries-susceptibility-in-genetic-isolates-from-north-eastern-italy
#16
Chiara O Navarra, Antonietta Robino, Nicola Pirastu, Lorenzo Bevilacqua, Paolo Gasparini, Roberto Di Lenarda, Sergio Crovella
BACKGROUND: The DEFB1 gene, encoding for the constitutively expressed human β-defensin 1 (hBD1) antimicrobial peptide is a potential candidate when studying genetic susceptibility to caries. DEFB1 genetic variations have been reported as contributing to hBD1 production impairment, leading to a greater susceptibility to be infected by oral pathogens, also leading to periodontitis. METHODS: We analysed 5 DEFB1 polymorphisms, namely 3 functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at the 5'-untranslated region (UTR), -52G>A (rs1799946), -44C>G (rs1800972), and -20G>A (rs11362), 2 SNPs at the 3'-UTR, c*5G>A (rs1047031) and c*87A>G (rs1800971) SNP located in potential miRNA binding sites, looking for possible correlations with the risk to develop caries in 654 adult subjects from isolated populations of north-eastern Italy...
November 16, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846621/unstimulated-saliva-related-caries-risk-factors-in-individuals-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-unstimulated-salivary-flow-ph-and-buffering-capacity
#17
Alaa A Alkhateeb, Lloyd A Mancl, Richard B Presland, Marilynn L Rothen, Donald L Chi
Salivary flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity are associated with dental caries, but studies from the cystic fibrosis (CF) literature are inconclusive regarding these salivary factors and caries. The aim of this study was to evaluate these factors and their associations with dental caries in individuals with CF. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected from individuals aged 6-20 years at Seattle Children's Hospital CF Clinic, USA (n = 83). Salivary flow rate was measured in milliliters per minute. Salivary pH was assessed using a laboratory pH meter...
November 16, 2016: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836444/-factors-associated-with-dental-care-use-among-a-population-of-moroccan-adolescents
#18
S Chala, K Silorh, R Abouqal, F Abdallaoui
INTRODUCTION: Untreated dental caries are a major public health concern because of the impact on quality of life and of the high cost of dental care. Our aim was to identify factors related to dental care use among a population of urban Moroccan adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving adolescents in an urban area was conducted. Adolescents were recruited in high schools selected by a cluster sampling method. The studied variables were recorded through a questionnaire and oral examinations...
November 8, 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834439/general-health-and-oral-health-status-in-elderly-dental-patients-in-isparta-turkey
#19
E Bozdemir, H H Yilmaz, H Orhan
The aim of this study was to describe the oral health, general health status and medication use of elderly dental patients 709 voluntary patients, aged 60 years and over, who attended Suleyman Demirel University Faculty of Dentistry for routine dental treatment between March 2008 and April 2009 in Isparta, Turkey, were interviewed for demographic data, systemic diseases, and lists of medications. The majority of the patients (84.4%) had poor oral hygiene according to the Oral Hygiene Index (OHI). The mean level of the study population's decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index score was 19...
November 2, 2016: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833985/common-and-unusual-dental-development-abnormalities-in-a-patient-with-bicuspid-aortic-valve
#20
Anca Maria Răducanu, Ion Victor Feraru, Ioana Suciu, Elina Teodorescu, Andreea Cristiana Didilescu, Ileana Ionescu, Ecaterina Ionescu
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital abnormality of the heart. In this condition, instead of three cusps, the aortic valve has two cusps. Children with congenital heart diseases are at increased risk of developing oral diseases, such as: higher number of decayed teeth, developmental anomalies, periodontal disease, malocclusion, dental crowding, as well as susceptibility to develop infective endocarditis from bacteremia caused by chronic poor oral health. However, little information is available regarding oral manifestations and their management in patients with congenital heart defects, despite the importance of these diseases...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
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