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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810984/impact-of-a-7-day-field-training-on-oral-health-condition-in-japan-ground-self-defense-force-personnel
#1
Koji Yamashita, Takeshi Nishiyama, Emi Nagata, Atik Ramadhani, Miki Kawada-Matsuo, Hitoshi Komatsuzawa, Takahiko Oho
INTRODUCTION: In the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF), personnel periodically perform intensive training that mimics the conditions seen in battle and during natural disasters. Military training involves intensive, stressful conditions, and changes in immune responses have been found in personnel following training. Good oral condition is important for military personnel to fulfill their duties; however, they have difficulty performing daily oral care under training conditions...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#2
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770188/early-childhood-caries-prevalence-risk-factors-and-prevention
#3
REVIEW
Sukumaran Anil, Pradeep S Anand
Early childhood caries (ECC) is major oral health problem, mainly in socially disadvantaged populations. ECC affects infants and preschool children worldwide. The prevalence of ECC differs according to the group examined, and a prevalence of up to 85% has been reported for disadvantaged groups. ECC is the presence of one or more decayed, missing, or filled primary teeth in children aged 71 months (5 years) or younger. It begins with white-spot lesions in the upper primary incisors along the margin of the gingiva...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768526/early-occurrence-of-childhood-dental-caries-among-low-literate-families
#4
Fatemeh Khani-Varzegani, Leila Erfanparast, Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi, Marziyeh Shokravi, Fariba Azabdaftari, Marziyeh Parto, Behjat Shokrvash
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to identify the oral health status and influencing factors in preschool children in Tabriz, Iran. A total of 756 children from 20% of the total district preschools were selected using a two-step random sampling procedure. Questionnaires were used to collect demographic and socio-economic data. Oral exams were conducted by a single pediatric dentist to assess the children's oral health, and to determine the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft) according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of caries...
August 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762345/assessment-of-dental-caries-and-periodontal-status-in-institutionalized-hearing-impaired-children-in-khordha-district-of-odisha
#5
Avinash Jnaneswar, Goutham Bala Subramaniya, Jayashree Pathi, Kunal Jha, Vinay Suresan, Gunjan Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Over 5% of the world's population has disabling hearing loss. The oral health of the disabled may be disused for the reason of the disabling condition, a challenging disease or the limited access to oral health care. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal status of institutionalized hearing impaired (HI) children in Khordha district of Odisha. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study on the HI children was conducted in Khordha district, Odisha...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759394/impact-of-prolonged-breastfeeding-on-dental-caries-a-population-based-birth-cohort-study
#6
Karen Glazer Peres, Gustavo G Nascimento, Marco Aurelio Peres, Murthy N Mittinty, Flavio Fernando Demarco, Ina Silva Santos, Alicia Matijasevich, Aluisio J D Barros
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed the effect of breastfeeding, bottle feeding, and sugar consumption on children's dental caries. We investigated whether the duration of breastfeeding is a risk factor for dental caries in the primary dentition, independently of sugar consumption. METHODS: An oral health study (n = 1303) nested in a birth cohort study was carried out in southern Brazil. The average number of decayed, missing, and filled primary tooth surfaces (dmfs) and severe early childhood caries (S-ECC: dmfs ≥6) were investigated at age 5 years...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759120/pit-and-fissure-sealants-for-preventing-dental-decay-in-permanent-teeth
#7
REVIEW
Anneli Ahovuo-Saloranta, Helena Forss, Tanya Walsh, Anne Nordblad, Marjukka Mäkelä, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Dental sealants were introduced in the 1960s to help prevent dental caries, mainly in the pits and fissures of occlusal tooth surfaces. Sealants act to prevent bacteria growth that can lead to dental decay. Evidence suggests that fissure sealants are effective in preventing caries in children and adolescents compared to no sealants. Effectiveness may, however, be related to caries incidence level of the population. This is an update of a review published in 2004, 2008 and 2013...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749529/effect-and-acceptance-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-treatment-on-dental-caries-in-primary-teeth
#8
Jennifer Clemens, Jaana Gold, Jeffrey Chaffin
OBJECTIVES: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) treatment has been identified as a potential solution to address the dental public health issues of untreated dental caries and insufficient access to care. The current study assessed the effectiveness of 38 percent SDF in arresting active dental caries lesions and in reducing or preventing associated dental pain and infections in young, at-risk children. METHODS: We enrolled 32 children aged 2-5 years with 118 active caries lesions in primary teeth from a community dental clinic in Oregon...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739318/impact-of-biannual-treatment-with-fluoride-varnish-on-tooth-surface-level-caries-progression-in-children-aged-1-3-years
#9
Maria Anderson, Göran Dahllöf, Fernanda Cunha Soares, Margaret Grindefjord
OBJECTIVE: This study describes caries progression at tooth-surface level in children from 1-3 years of age and the impact of biannual treatment with fluoride varnish. METHODS: Children who participated in a cluster-randomized controlled trial and had shown signs of dental caries were included in this study (n=801). International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) was used to classify dental caries. The present study compared children receiving a standard yearly intervention to children receiving the same standard preventive intervention supplemented with an application of fluoride varnish every half year...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728812/longitudinal-association-between-obesity-and-dental-caries-in-adolescents
#10
Ling-Wei Li, Hai Ming Wong, Colman P McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longitudinal association between obesity and dental caries among adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: The present cohort study was conducted among a random sample of 12-year-old adolescents in Hong Kong. Two rounds of follow-up were performed when the participants were aged 15 and 18 years. A total of 668 participants were included at age 12 years, and 282 of them completed all 3 phases of data collection. Body mass index, waist circumference, waist-to-hip (WHR) ratio, waist-to-height ratio, and triceps skinfold thickness were measured as indices of obesity...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725453/development-of-an-implementation-intention-based-intervention-to-change-children-s-and-parent-carers-behaviour
#11
Karen Davies, Christopher J Armitage, Yin-Ling Lin, James Munro, Tanya Walsh, Peter Callery
BACKGROUND: Implementation intentions enable individuals to translate good intentions into action. Parents and children can find maintaining oral health difficult, as evidenced by the presence of tooth decay. This is a common condition in children in spite of being preventable through the use of regular tooth brushing, fluoride protection and avoiding sugar intake. Even when parents and children are positive about looking after the teeth, they can face challenges in maintaining consistent habits...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703156/the-deceptive-complexity-of-caries
#12
(no author information available yet)
Exploring the potential value of using data on dental extractions under general anaesthesia (DGA) to monitor the impact of dental decay in childrenSocioeconomic inequality in the provision of specific preventive dental interventions among children in the UK: Children's Dental Health Survey 2003.
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702060/oral-health-status-salivary-ph-status-and-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaques-and-saliva-of-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#13
Romina Mazaheri, Ebrahim Jabbarifar, Elnaz Ghasemi, Elahe Akkafzadeh, Elmira Poursaeid
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), accounting for 23% of all malignancies in children, is the most prevalent pediatric malignancy. This study compared dental caries, oral hygiene status, salivary pH, and Streptococcus mutans counts in dental plaques and saliva of children with leukemia with those of healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control cross-sectional study assessed 32 children with ALL and 32 healthy children (4-9-year-old) for gingival bleeding index (GBI), decayed, missing, and filled/decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMF/dmfs), and plaque index (PI)...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693477/clinical-consequences-of-untreated-dental-caries-assessed-using-pufa-index-and-its-covariates-in-children-residing-in-orphanages-of-pakistan
#14
Ramsha Kamran, Warda Farooq, Mehreen Riaz Faisal, Faisal Jahangir
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical effects of untreated dental caries in Pakistani children residing in orphanages using the DMFT and PUFA index; association of decay and untreated dental caries with demographics including type of orphanage; behavioural and dental visiting pattern; and association of dental pain experience and type of orphanage with dental visiting. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 753 orphan children belonging to 4-17 years of age group residing in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685949/traditional-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-of-bulang-people-in-yunnan-china
#15
Shinan Zhang, Edward C M Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore traditional oral health beliefs among the Bulang ethnic minority group in China. METHODS: Eighteen village leaders, chiefs, elders, and seniors in Yunnan, China were assigned to three focus groups for discussion of traditional oral health beliefs. The discussions were led by a facilitator. Transcripts were made, and data were extracted. RESULTS: The focus group discussions on traditional oral health beliefs addressed three themes: (a) the perception of oral health; (b) the impact of healthy teeth (oral health), in that healthy teeth essentially have an impact on physical health, emotions, and social status; and (c) toothache management, which was regarded as tooth decay (dental caries)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684841/are-people-with-an-orofacial-cleft-at-a-higher-risk-of-dental-caries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
V Worth, R Perry, T Ireland, A K Wills, J Sandy, A Ness
Objective To establish whether children born with an orofacial cleft have a higher risk of dental caries than individuals without cleft.Design A systematic review and meta-analysisMethods The search strategy was based on the key words 'cleft lip palate' and 'oral hygiene caries decay'. Ten databases were searched from their inception to April 2016 to identify all relevant studies. All data were extracted by two independent reviewers. The primary outcome measure was caries measured by the decayed, missing, filled surfaces/teeth index (dmfs/dmft or DMFS/DMFT)...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678943/salivary-density-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus-and-dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#17
Flávia Scalioni, Camila Carrada, Fernanda Machado, Karina Devito, Luiz Cláudio Ribeiro, Dionéia Cesar, Rosangela Ribeiro
Objective: To assess and compare dental caries experience and salivary S. mutans, S. sobrinus, and streptococci counts between groups of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome children and adolescents. Material and Methods: This study included a sample of 30 Down syndrome children and adolescents (G-DS) and 30 age- and sex-matched non-Down syndrome subjects (G-ND). Dental caries experience was estimated by the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the primary dentition and the permanent dentition...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678838/the-oral-bacterial-microbiome-of-occlusal-surfaces-in-children-and-its-association-with-diet-and-caries
#18
Apoena Aguiar Ribeiro, Maria Andrea Azcarate-Peril, Maria Belen Cadenas, Natasha Butz, Bruce J Paster, Tsute Chen, Eric Bair, Roland R Arnold
Dental caries is the most prevalent disease in humans globally. Efforts to control it have been invigorated by an increasing knowledge of the oral microbiome composition. This study aimed to evaluate the bacterial diversity in occlusal biofilms and its relationship with clinical surface diagnosis and dietary habits. Anamneses were recorded from thirteen 12-year-old children. Biofilm samples collected from occlusal surfaces of 46 permanent second molars were analyzed by 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing combined with the BLASTN-based search algorithm for species identification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676047/a-longitudinal-study-of-early-childhood-caries-incidence-in-wenzhou-preschool-children
#19
Xiping Wang, Zhiyuan Wei, Qiao Li, Liqin Mei
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious public health problem in China. Few studies, however, have described the incidence of ECC in China. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and incidence of ECC among preschool children in Wenzhou China. METHODS: Preschool children aged 3-4 years old were surveyed and followed up when they reached 5-6 years of age in the city of Wenzhou in southeast China. The rates of dental caries were determined with prevalence, and incidence density for risk of caries of a person (IDp) and of a tooth surface (IDs)...
July 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671327/dental-caries-clusters-among-adolescents
#20
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
July 3, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
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