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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026694/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-school-children-s-caries-studies-in-gulf-cooperation-council-states
#1
REVIEW
Wafa Alayyan, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Amar Khamis, Mawlood Kowash
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental caries school children in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) area, to help the development of systematic approaches for preventive oral care programs in the GCC states and to provide sound information for oral health promotion and public health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search to identify both published and unpublished articles concerning relevant studies of dental caries in children aged 6-16 years for their permanent teeth published from 1992 to 2016 with no language and time limit was performed...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022175/dental-anxiety-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-aggressive-periodontitis-patients
#2
Liran Levin, Avraham Zini, Jonathan Levine, Maor Weiss, Ron A Lev, Avihai Hai, Daniella Chebath-Taub, Galit Almoznino
OBJECTIVES: To measure dental anxiety levels and oral health-related qualities of life (OHRQoL) in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) compared to controls and analyze their association with various demographic and clinical parameters. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients with AgP were compared to 80 age- and sex-matched controls with no known history of periodontal disease. Collected data included demographics, smoking habits, numerical rating scale (NRS), Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14), DMFT index (Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth), Plaque Index (PI), probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), and radiographic bone loss...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021979/everybody-brush-consumer-satisfaction-with-a-tooth-decay-prevention-program
#3
Joana Cunha-Cruz, Colleen E Huebner, Sharity Ludwig, Jeanne Dysert, Melissa Mitchell, Gary Allen, R Mike Shirtcliff, JoAnna M Scott, Peter Milgrom
INTRODUCTION: Twice-daily caregiver-supervised toothbrushing with fluoridated toothpaste is an effective and widely recommended strategy to prevent tooth decay in children. Qualitative research suggests that low-income caregivers know the recommendation but would benefit from toothbrushing supplies and advice about how to introduce this health behavior especially as the child becomes older and asserts autonomy to do it "myself." Our objective is to assess consumer satisfaction with the evidence-based theory-informed campaign and usefulness of materials that were home delivered...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020760/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-oral-health-of-people-aged-15-40-years-in-kurdistan-iran-in-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ghobad Moradi, Ardavan Moinafshar, Hemen Adabi, Mona Sharafi, Farideh Mostafavi, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in the prevalence of dental caries among an urban population. Methods: This study was conducted among 2000 people 15-40 years of age living in Kurdistan, Iran in 2015. Using a questionnaire, data were collected by 4 trained dental students. The dependent variable was the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMF) index. Using principal component analysis, the socioeconomic status (SES) of families was determined based on their household assets...
September 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019551/caries-experience-and-salivary-aspects-in-individuals-with-fragile-x-syndrome
#5
Cristhiane Olívia Ferreira do Amaral, Fabiana Gouveia Straioto, Marcelo Henrique Napimoga, Elizabeth Ferreira Martinez
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of hereditary mental retardation, but studies on the oral health condition of these patients are rare. The aim of this study was to determine the experience of dental caries in individuals with FXS, by examining the saliva profile, oral hygiene, socioeconomic characteristics and use of controlled drugs in these patients. Dental health was estimated using the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMF-T) and sialometry, and the pH value and buffering capacity of the saliva, colony forming units of S...
September 28, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994462/limitations-of-fluoridation-effectiveness-studies-lessons-from-alberta-canada
#6
Christopher Neurath, James S Beck, Hardy Limeback, W Gary Sprules, Michael Connett, Bill Osmunson, Donald R Davis
A paper published in this journal, "Measuring the short-term impact of fluoridation cessation on dental caries in Grade 2 children using tooth surface indices," by McLaren et al had shortcomings in study design and interpretation of results, and did not include important pertinent data. Its pre-post cross-sectional design relied on comparison of decay rates in two cities: Calgary, which ceased fluoridation, and Edmonton, which maintained fluoridation. Dental health surveys conducted in both cities about 6...
October 10, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989126/risk-factors-and-treatment-needs-among-orphan-school-children
#7
Malleedi Shanthi, E V Soma Sekhar Goud, G Padmanabha Kumar, Jagdeesh P Rajguru, Subramaniam Ratnasothy, Kranti Kr Ealla
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify risk factors and treatment needs of orphan children of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ob ectives: (1) To identify the association between the frequency of snacking and caries among orphan schoolchildren, (2) To assess Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacilli (microbiological assessment) in saliva of orphan children, and (3) To formulate treatment needs for orphan children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 253 children of 5-, 12-, and 15-year-olds living in various orphanage houses of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988413/oral-health-of-children-and-adolescents-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-and-mother-s-sense-of-coherence
#8
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Tahyná Duda Deps, Esdras Campos França, Eugênia Ribeiro Valadares, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
AIMS: The purpose of this study is assess the association between mother's Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the oral health status of children with and without mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 29 children/adolescents with MPS and 29 children/adolescents without MPS, and their mothers in Brazil. Mothers completed the Antonovsky's SOC instrument (SOC-13) and their children's oral cavity had been examined for developmental defects of enamel (DDE), occlusal problems, dental caries (DMFT/dmft) and oral hygiene...
October 8, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984027/influence-of-a-preschool-preventive-dental-programme-on-caries-prevalence-oral-care-and-secretory-immunity-to-streptococcus-mutans-in-young-adults
#9
K L Aida, S de Paula Ramos, G F Seixas, A Bozza, R S Couto de Almeida, C C Dezan Garbelini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate oral hygiene habits, decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) and surfaces (DMFS), dental care, dietetic habits and anti-Streptococcus mutans salivary secretory Immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in young adults who attended a preventive programme during preschool age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group (Baby Clinic) comprised 72 patients, aged 18-25 years, who had participated in the Baby Clinic preventive programme. The control group was age- and gender-matched...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982347/outcome-measures-for-oral-health-based-on-clinical-assessments-and-claims-data-feasibility-evaluation-in-practice
#10
Riët Hummel, Josef Bruers, Onno van der Galiën, Wil van der Sanden, Geert van der Heijden
BACKGROUND: It is well known that treatment variation exists in oral healthcare, but the consequences for oral health are unknown as the development of outcome measures is still in its infancy. The aim of this study was to identify and develop outcome measures for oral health and explore their performance using health insurance claims records and clinical data from general dental practices. METHODS: The Dutch healthcare insurance company Achmea collaborated with researchers, oral health experts, and general dental practitioners (GDPs) in a proof of practice study to test the feasibility of measures in general dental practices...
October 5, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979074/oral-health-status-and-treatment-needs-of-gunj-marketing-yard-laborers-of-raichur-city-karnataka
#11
B Vengal Rao, A M Suresh Babu, S K Kamalsha, M Sirisha Rao, K Karthik
BACKGROUND: Oral health is a vital part of general health and is a valuable asset of every individual. The working population in India usually belong to the lower socioeconomic group. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of Gunj marketing yard laborers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among 550 laborers of Gunj marketing yard of Raichur city. A specially designed questionnaire was used to assess the demographic variables and oral hygiene practices...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959764/antimicrobial-effect-of-copper-oxide-nanoparticles-on-some-oral-bacteria-and-candida-species
#12
M Amiri, Z Etemadifar, A Daneshkazemi, M Nateghi
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Acid producing bacteria including Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli cause tooth demineralization and lead to tooth decay. Also, oral colonization of the species of Candida has been reported in many studies that are resistant to antifungal agents. OBJECTIVES: In this study, antibacterial and antifungal effects of nano-CuO were studied against some oral bacteria and yeast fungi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) for oral bacterial and fungal test strains were determined in 96-well microtiter plate technique...
March 2017: J Dent Biomater
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955579/oral-hygiene-habits-and-oral-health-status-of-female-adolescents-under-state-protection-a-pilot-study
#13
Cenker Zeki Koyuncuoglu, Magrur Kazak, Ferda Pamuk, Emine Cifcibasi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate oral health status and oral hygiene practices of female adolescents under state protection. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-five female participants between the age of 12 and 18 who are under the care of The Child Protection Institution were included in this study. Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain information regarding knowledge of oral health and habits. Dental caries status was scored according to the criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO), using the indices of Decayed (D), Missing (M), Filled (F), Surfaces (S) (DMFS)...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950285/could-sublingual-immunotherapy-affect-oral-health-in-children-with-asthma-and-or-allergic-rhinitis-sensitized-to-house-dust-mite
#14
Ayca Kiykim, Gonca Mumcu, Ismail Ogulur, Elif Karakoc-Aydiner, Haner Direskeneli, Safa Baris, Hasret Cagan, Ahmet Ozen
BACKGROUND: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has been successfully employed in IgE-mediated respiratory allergies. However, it is not known whether the modulation of immune responses in the sublingual area during SLIT has any deleterious effect on oral health. We sought to determine the oral health prospectively in children receiving SLIT for house dust mite allergy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen children with allergic asthma and/or rhinitis and 31 age-matched healthy controls (HC) were included in an open-labeled trial...
September 27, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947446/association-between-socio-economic-status-and-dental-caries-in-elderly-people-in-sichuan-province-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Linyan Wang, Li Cheng, Bo Yuan, Xiao Hong, Tao Hu
OBJECTIVES: As a vulnerable group, the elders' oral health gained less attention, particularly the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and dental caries. This study aimed to assess the associations and to explore the effects of confounders on the associations in elderly people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: 3 neighbourhood committees and 3 village committees in Sichuan Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 744 people (362 men and 382 women) aged 65-74 years were included...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937897/the-role-of-genetic-factors-in-the-outbreak-mechanism-of-dental-caries
#16
Junko Shimomura-Kuroki, Tomoko Nashida, Yukio Miyagawa, Tsuneo Sekimoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between cariogenic bacterial infection and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes associated with dental caries, and to explore the factors related to caries in children. STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 3 to 11 years were selected. Detection of cariogenic bacteria (Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sobrinus and Lactobacillus) from the plaque of each patient, and SNP analyses of five candidate genes (MBL2, TAS2R38, GLUT2, MMP13 and CA6) were performed using DNA isolated from buccal mucosal cells...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937069/oral-health-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Lingam Amara Swapna, Pradeep Koppolu, Jyothi Prince
The objective of our study is to assess the subjective and objective oral manifestations and salivary pH in diabetic and nondiabetic uremic patients at a nephrology clinic. A total of 194 diabetic and nondiabetic patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who were divided into four groups, Group A, B, C, D, and who were attending a nephrology clinic were included in the study. Predialytic unstimulated whole salivary pH was recorded using pH- measuring strips. Subjective and objective findings were evaluated and recorded in the specially designed pro forma...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936284/relationship-of-salivary-cd14-concentration-with-dental-caries-in-young-children
#18
Saurabh Kumar, Shobha Tandon, Rashmi Nayak, Runki Saran, Kalyana-Chakravarthy Pentapati
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a chronic disease among children and there is need for studies assessing the caries risk factors using saliva. This study aimed to evaluate the association of salivary soluble CD14 and dental caries in young children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among 300, 3-6 year old school children of Udupi district. A total of 40 children who were caries free, with no past systemic illness or craniofacial anomalies and 40 children with dental caries with no history of dental treatment for caries, with no past systemic illness or craniofacial anomalies were included in control and test groups respectively...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936152/prevalence-and-severity-of-dental-caries-among-public-school-students-aged-16-l8-in-hai-l-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#19
Mohammad Aljanakh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and severity of dental caries among school students aged 16-18 in Ha'il urban city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). METHODS: This cross-sectional study randomly selected 480 students from eight secondary schools in Ha'il urban city from September to October 2015. Three calibrated examiners used the decayed, missing and filled teeth index (DMFT), based on the World Health Organization criteria, to examine the students...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932147/assessment-of-the-oral-health-status-of-asthmatic-children
#20
Abla Arafa, Salwa Aldahlawi, Adel Fathi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health status and salivary composition in a group of children suffering from bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of sixty asthmatic children, sixty healthy negative controls, and sixty healthy positive controls of both sexes with age ranging from 4 to 12 years old. The asthmatics were grouped according to disease severity into mild, moderate, or severe asthmatic. All the children were clinically examined to assess their dental caries experience (decayed, indicated for extraction, and filled primary tooth [def] and decayed-missing-filled permanent tooth [DMF]), dental erosion condition (tooth wear index), and gingival health condition (gingival index [GI])...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
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