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Dental decay

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243446/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-schoolchildren-from-north-eastern-italian-population
#1
Andrea Dobbiani, Federico Berton, Giuseppe Perinetti, Fulvia Costantinides, Roberto DI Lenarda
OBJECTIVE: The longitudinal aspect of dental caries has not been previously reported for the Italian population. The primary object of the present study is to collect information of the prevalence of dental decay among the schoolchildren of primary school of Gradisca d'Isonzo (GO) and to analyse the tendency of caries among the students followed since the first year of school. METHODS: Subsequent examinations hold from 2011 to 2015 has been conducted by two calibrated examiners...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243116/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-depending-on-dental-and-periodontal-health-in-different-patients-before-and-after-liver-transplantation
#2
Gerhard Schmalz, Anja Meisel, Otto Kollmar, Anne Kauffels, Jan E Slotta, Tanja Kottmann, Rainer Haak, Dirk Ziebolz
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) depending on dental and periodontal health of different patients before and after liver transplantation (pre- and postLTx) compared to a healthy control group (HC). METHODS: OHRQoL was rated using the German short form of Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP G14). To estimate dental health, the decayed (D-T), missing (M-T), and filled (F-T) teeth index (DMF-T) was used...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238375/allergic-rhinitis-and-dental-caries-in-preschool-children
#3
Mehdi Bakhshaee, Sara Jafari Ashtiani, Mana Hossainzadeh, Samineh Sehatbakhsh, Mona Najaf Najafi, Maryam Salehi
Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) may be overdocumented in cases of dental caries because of controversies in the literature This study was conducted to investigate the potential relationship between AR and dental caries in children. Materials and Methods: A total of 296 children were included in this cross-sectional study. Participants were evaluated using the decay-missing-filled (DMF) index, and their AR status was evaluated by physical examination and through a standard questionnaire...
November 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237585/evaluating-the-dental-caries-related-information-on-brazilian-websites-qualitative-study
#4
Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Melina Martins Coelho, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common chronic oral disease, affecting 2.4 billion people worldwide who on average have 2.11 decayed, missing, or filled teeth. It impacts the quality of life of patients, socially and economically. However, the comprehension of dental caries may be difficult for most people, as it involves a multifactorial etiology with the interplay between the tooth surface, the dental biofilm, dietary fermentable carbohydrates, and genetic and behavioral factors...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237397/parental-occupations-educational-levels-and-income-and-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-3-year-old-japanese-children
#5
Hiromasa Kato, Keiko Tanaka, Ken Shimizu, Chisato Nagata, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa, Yoshihiro Miyake
BACKGROUND: Most studies have investigated the association between parental socioeconomic factors and dental caries in children based on educational and income levels; studies focusing on parental occupation, however, have been relatively limited. This cross-sectional study examined the associations between parental occupations and levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children aged 3 years. METHODS: Study subjects were 6315 children...
December 13, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237152/multiple-socioeconomic-factors-and-dental-caries-in-swedish-children-and-adolescents
#6
Ann-Catrin André Kramer, Max Petzold, Magnus Hakeberg, Anna-Lena Östberg
The study aimed to explore associations between multiple socioeconomic factors and dental caries experience in Swedish children and adolescents (3-19 years old). Electronic dental records from 300,988, in a Swedish region (97.3% coverage) were collected using the DMFT indices (decayed, missing, filled teeth: dependent variables). Socioeconomic status (SES) data (ethnicity, wealth, parental education, and employment) for individuals, parents, and families were obtained from official registers. Principal component analysis was used to explore SES data...
December 14, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229892/influence-of-body-mass-index-on-severity-of-dental-caries-cross-sectional-study-in-healthy-adults
#7
Majdy Idrees, Mohammad Hammad, Asmaa Faden, Omar Kujan
BACKGROUND: The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries is still undetermined. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the relationship between the dental status by decayed, missed, filled teeth index (DMFT), and BMI by age and gender among healthy adults. DESIGN: Analytical, cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: University dental hospital in Riyadh. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Healthy adults aged between 18 and 35 years were recruited during the 10-month period from March 2015 to December 2015...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229545/fabrication-of-hybrid-crosslinked-network-with-buffering-capabilities-and-autonomous-strengthening-characteristics-for-dental-adhesive
#8
Linyong Song, Qiang Ye, Xueping Ge, Anil Misra, Candan Tamerler, Paulette Spencer
Ingress of bacteria and fluids at the interfacial gaps between the restorative composite biomaterial and the tooth structure contribute to recurrent decay and failure of the composite restoration. The inability of the material to increase the pH at the composite/tooth interface facilitates the outgrowth of bacteria. Neutralizing the microenvironment at the tooth/composite interface offers promise for reducing the damage provoked by cariogenic and aciduric bacteria. We address this problem by designing a dental adhesive composed of hybrid network to provide buffering and autonomous strengthening simultaneously...
December 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228416/dental-health-in-patients-affected-by-alcohol-use-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
P F Manicone, C Tarli, A Mirijello, L Raffaelli, G A Vassallo, M Antonelli, M M Rando, C Mosoni, A Cossari, L Lavorgna, F Caputo, A D'Addona, A Gasbarrini, G Addolorato
OBJECTIVE: Chronic alcohol abuse represents a risk factor for oral diseases, in particular, oral cancer. Periodontal disease has been showed to be involved in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, such as atherosclerosis and liver steatosis. The role of chronic alcohol consumption on periodontitis is still controversial. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of chronic alcohol abuse on oral health. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three alcohol use disorders (AUD) patients and twenty-three healthy social drinkers underwent an oral examination by trained oral clinicians in order to evaluate oral and dental health...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212394/management-of-dental-caries-among-children-a-look-at-the-cost-effectiveness
#10
Nathalia Miranda Ladewig, Lucila Basto Camargo, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Isabela Floriano, Thais Gimenez, José Carlos P Imparato, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Mariana Minatel Braga, Daniela Prócida Raggio
Dental caries is the most prevalent non-communicative disease worldwide. Although the etiological factors are well known for years, reducing the number of decayed and missing teeth in children still remains as a barrier. Preventive and curative options are numerous but little is known about their economical advantages. Selecting the intervention that offers the best balance of effectiveness and financial resources becomes crucial in the current situation of budget restrictions worldwide. Areas covered: This expert review summarizes available evidence on cost-effectiveness analyses of preventive and curative measures to manage dental caries in children...
December 7, 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211281/effect-of-fluoride-dentifrice-and-casein-phosphopeptide-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-cream-with-and-without-fluoride-in-preventing-enamel-demineralization-in-a-ph-cyclic-study
#11
Priscila de Pinto Sinfiteli, Thereza Christina Lopes Coutinho, Patrícia Regina Almeida de Oliveira, Wesley Felisberto Vasques, Leandra Matos Azevedo, André Maues Brabo Pereira, Monica Almeida Tostes
OBJECTIVE: Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) complexes are anticariogenic and capable of remineralizing the early stages of enamel lesions. The use of fluoride prevents dental decay and the association of CPP-ACP with fluoride can increase remineralization. To evaluate the effect of CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF creams associated with a fluoride dentifrice to prevent enamel demineralization in a pH cyclic model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Previously selected by surface microhardness (SH) analysis, human enamel blocks (n = 56) were submitted to daily treatment with dentifrice in a pH-cycling model...
November 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209668/salivary-parameters-among-arabian-snuff-shammah-users
#12
Mohammed S Al-Ak'hali, Esam S Halboub, Osama H Mujam, Noor M Alahmar, Salehah A Jerah, Fahad A Mutawwam
To evaluate the salivary flow rate (SFR),  pH, and buffer capacity (BC) among healthy shammah users (SU) in comparison with healthy non-shammah users (NSU). Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between March 2016 and May 2017. A sample of 27 SU and 30 NSU were recruited. Unstimulated saliva was collected and SFR, pH, and BC were determined. Dental health was assessed using the decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index.  Results: Shammah users were slightly older than NSU (28...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209624/in-vitro-antibacterial-activity-of-pomegranate-juice-and-peel-extracts-on-cariogenic-bacteria
#13
Gianmaria Fabrizio Ferrazzano, Elisa Scioscia, Daniela Sateriale, Gabiria Pastore, Roberta Colicchio, Chiara Pagliuca, Tiziana Cantile, Brunella Alcidi, Marco Coda, Aniello Ingenito, Elena Scaglione, Annunziata Gaetana Cicatiello, Maria Grazia Volpe, Michele Di Stasio, Paola Salvatore, Caterina Pagliarulo
Aim: To evaluate the antimicrobial activity of hydroalcoholic extracts of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) peel and juice, against the microorganisms considered the main etiologic agents of dental caries. Methods: The values of the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined against Streptococcus mutans Clarke ATCC® 25175™ strain and Rothia dentocariosa clinical isolate. Results: Peel extracts inhibit effectively the growth and survival of S...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208797/caries-preventive-effect-of-sodium-fluoride-varnish-on-deciduous-dentition-a-clinical-trial
#14
Swapnil K Patil, Madhura Fatangare, Rutuj G Jadhav, Gaurav R Shinde, Siddhi S Pawar, Mitesh D Kathariya
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of intensive application of sodium fluoride varnish in reducing caries incidence among children aged 6 to 7 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled trial conducted among 6- to 7-year-old children of Sangamner, Maharashtra, India. Nearly 200 randomly selected children were randomized into two groups: Control group and intervention (varnish) group. Dental examination to record the caries experiences was conducted at baseline and at 1-year follow-up...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193108/impact-of-untreated-dental-caries-on-the-daily-activities-of-children
#15
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Samilly Evangelista Souza, Mayara Dos Santos Noronha, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins
OBJECTIVES: Untreated dental caries can compromise oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). However, it is not clear which specific daily activities related to OHRQoL are compromised by the presence of this problem. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify which specific daily activities are affected by the presence of untreated dental caries using a representative sample of Brazilian children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a representative sample of Brazilian children (12 years of age) was conducted...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185832/regulation-of-reactionary-dentine-formation
#16
V C M Neves, P T Sharpe
During the treatment of dental caries that has not penetrated the tooth pulp, maintenance of as much unaffected dentine as possible is a major goal during the physical removal of decayed mineral. Damage to dentine leads to release of fossilized factors (transforming growth factor-β [TGF-β] and bone morphogenic protein [BMP]) in the dentine that are believed to stimulate odontoblasts to secrete new "tertiary" dentine (reactionary dentine). This is formed on the pulpal surface of existing dentine and rethickens the dentine...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185146/lack-of-association-between-enam-gene-polymorphism-and-dental-caries-in-primary-and-permanent-teeth-in-czech-children
#17
Petra Borilova Linhartova, Tereza Deissova, Kristina Musilova, Lenka Zackova, Martina Kukletova, Lubomir Kukla, Lydie Izakovicova Holla
OBJECTIVES: The enamelin gene (ENAM) polymorphism (rs12640848) was recently associated with dental caries in primary teeth in Polish children. The aims of the present study were to prove this association in primary dentition and to find a possible effect of this variant on caries development in permanent dentition in Czech children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study comprised 905 Czech children. Totally, 187 children aged 2-6 years with primary dentition [78 healthy subjects (with decayed/missing/filled teeth, dmft = 0) and 109 patients with early childhood caries (ECC; dmft ≥ 1)] were included in this case-control study...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184839/correlation-of-perceived-self-rated-oral-health-status-with-various-dental-health-and-awareness-factors
#18
Sunil Babu Kotha, Maham Chaudhary, Shayma Terkawi, Maram Ahmed, Shroog Naji Ghabban, Rohit Ashok Antony Fernandez
Aims and Objectives: Self-rated oral health is the key element that has a greater effect on quality of life and found to be authentic and logical to consider this as an indicator for overall oral health status. The aim was to investigate and identify the impact of various social and clinical factors on the perceived self-rated oral health status (PSR-OHS). Materials and Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed 600 patients seeking information for age, gender, nationality, educational level, and their last dental visit followed by 15 questions related to social factors (patient self-rated oral health, patient-dentist communication, literacy level of the patient, and dental neglect) followed by estimating the clinical oral health status (decayed, missing, and filled teeth [DMFT] scores as per WHO norms)...
October 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184643/development-of-caries-risk-assessment-tool-for-iranian-preschoolers-a-primary-validation-study
#19
Shiva Mortazavi, Zahra Enshaei, Ziba Farajzadegan
Background: The aim of the present study was to develop a dental caries risk assessment tool for Iranian preschoolers. Methods: In a validation and cross-sectional study, a random sample of 150 preschool children was involved. This study was conducted in three phases: questionnaire design (expert panel and peer evaluation), questionnaire testing (pilot evaluation and field testing), and validation study. The initial assessments include interview, dental examination, and laboratory investigations...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183304/dental-caries-experience-and-determinants-in-young-adults-of-the-northern-state-medical-university-arkhangelsk-north-west-russia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Sergei N Drachev, Tormod Brenn, Tordis A Trovik
BACKGROUND: Little information exists about the experience of and risk factors for dental caries in young adults in Russia. We investigated dental caries experience and determinants in medical and dental students in North-West Russia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 442 medical and 309 dental undergraduate students of Russian nationality aged 18-25 years from the Northern State Medical University, Arkhangelsk, Russia. Information on socio-demographic factors and oral health behaviour (regularity of dental visits, frequency of tooth-brushing, using toothpaste with fluoride, and skipping tooth-brushing) was obtained from a structured, self-administered questionnaire...
November 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
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