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Dental decay

Yuejia Deng, Ge Feng, Bo Hu, Yunchun Kuang, Jinlin Song
BACKGROUND: Caries in primary teeth hinder the child to bite and chew and influence their development. Papacarie has the characteristics of selective removal of decayed tissue and can preserve healthy dentine to the maximum, but its efficiency has not been critically evaluated compared to conventional method. AIM: This review is aiming at comparing the Papacarie and traditional method in caries removal in primary dental caries with children. DESIGN: Comprehensive literature searching at PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science to January 2018...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Altaf H Shah, Mustafa Naseem, Mohammad Shoyab Khan, Faris Yahya I Asiri, Ibrahim AlQarni, Shabnam Gulzar, Ramesh Nagarajappa
Aim: To evaluate knowledge and attitude of caregivers/healthcare workers regarding oral health of special need patients, at a comprehensive rehabilitation centre. Material and methods: A validated self-administered structured questionnaire was used in an interview style among 120 caregivers at a comprehensive rehabilitation centre. The first part of questionnaire collected demographic information (age, gender, experience, literacy). The other part of the questionnaire was related to the knowledge and attitude of caregivers regarding importance of oral health including oral hygiene practices, cause of tooth decay, significance of fluoride, common oral problems and need for oral health education...
September 2017: Annali di Stomatologia
Jesus Nuñez-Aguilar, Ana Fernández-Olavarría, Luis-Guillermo Oliveros-López, Daniel Torres-Lagares, Maria-Angeles Serrera-Figallo, Aida Gutiérrez-Corrales, Jose-Luis Gutiérrez-Pérez
Background: This study aims to evaluate the influence of two dental treatment protocols, outpatient non-regulated treatment versus supervised hospital treatment, on the oral health of patients undergoing oral cancer (only radiochemotherapy treatment, not surgical) treatment. Material and Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental approach justified on ethical grounds. A total of 41 patients were included in the control group (outpatient non-regulated treatment) and 40 patients in the experimental group (in-hospital supervised treatment)...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Luz A Moreno-Quispe, Luis A Espinoza-Espinoza, Loel S Bedon-Pajuelo, Magna Guzmán-Avalos
Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that affects the general population. After reviewing the scientific literature, no studies were found on the index of decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) in the Peruvian police population. The objective was to evaluate the DMFT index and severity level of the disease in police personnel of the Ancash region, Peru. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional prevalence study. The medical records of the police personnel in activity were reviewed and each subject was examined from May 2012 to May 2013...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Reinhard E Friedrich, Anika Reul
Background: NF1 is a relatively frequently occurring autosomal dominant inherited disease. There are conflicting reports about oral health status in NF1. The aim of this study was to analyze the dental status of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Material and Methods: Radiographs of 179 patients with NF1 were analyzed for decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) in a cross-sectional, retrospective study. The results were compared to age- and sex-matched controls of individuals not affected by NF1...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Hesam Haeri-Araghi, Mahdieh Zarabadipour, Shadab Safarzadeh-Khosroshahi, Monirsadat Mirzadeh
Background: Dental caries are the most common mouth infectious disease and also chronic disease of childhood. Saliva plays different roles in oral cavity; for example, salivary immunoglobulins play significant role in body and oral immunity. Various studies were conducted on the different effects of IgA on oral cavity, especially dental caries, and reported controversial results. The current study aimed to compare salivary IgA level at different stages of dental caries in adults. Material and Methods: A total of 40 adults, aged 20 to 40 years, referred to the department of oral medicine at Qazvin Faculty of Dentistry, were selected voluntarily based on the number of decayed teeth...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Dongyeop Kim, Yuan Liu, Raphael I Benhamou, Hiram Sanchez, Áurea Simón-Soro, Yong Li, Geelsu Hwang, Micha Fridman, David R Andes, Hyun Koo
Fungal-bacterial interactions generate unique biofilms that cause many infections in humans. Candida albicans interact with Streptococcus mutans in dental biofilms associated with severe childhood tooth-decay, a prevalent pediatric oral disease. Current modalities are ineffective and primarily based on antimicrobial monotherapies despite the polymicrobial nature of the infection. Here, we show that the combination of clinically used topical antifungal fluconazole with povidone iodine (PI) can completely suppress C...
April 18, 2018: ISME Journal
Brunilda Dhamo, Besiana Elezi, Lea Kragt, Eppo B Wolvius, Edwin M Ongkosuwito
Although a link between dietary changes, caries, and dental development has been observed, the literature provides little insight about this relationship. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between dental caries and dental development in a clinical sample of Albanian children and adolescents. In total, 118 children and adolescents, born between 1995 and 2004 and aged 6-15 years, were included. Dental caries in the deciduous dentition was assessed using the Decayed, Filled Teeth (dft) index and dental caries in the permanent dentition was assessed using the Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
April 6, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Olga Taboada-Aranza, Karen Rodríguez-Nieto
Background: The first permanent molar is susceptible to acquire tooth decay since its eruption, due to its anatomy and because it has been exposed before other teeth. Method: An observational, prolective, transversal and comparative study in 194 students, with an average age of 9.9 ± 1.8 years. The evaluation of the dentobacterial plate (DBP) was analyzed using the O'Leary index and the tooth decay experience with the DMFS (sum of decayed, missing, extracted and filling dental surfaces) and DMFT (sum of decayed, missing, extracted and filling per tooth) indexes...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
Ameen Abdullah Al-Akwa, Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri
Objectives: Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic condition affecting schoolchildren worldwide. This study is aimed to assess the prevalence of dental caries among schoolchildren in urban and rural districts of Sana'a governorate, Yemen, and to investigate the correlation between caries experience and level of fluoride in drinking water, age, gender, and residence. Materials and Methods: This school-based survey involved 17,599 schoolchildren (aged 6-12 years), of whom 9623 were boys and 7976 were girls...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
Bhushan Kumar, Aquaviva Fernandes, Prabhdeep Kaur Sandhu
Purpose: This review was intended to discuss the various possible modifications suggested in the literature for prosthetic steps and surgical corrective procedures in nonresponding or complicated cases during rehabilitation of patients with restricted mouth opening. Material and Methods: Medline, PubMed, and Google were searched electronically for articles using keywords: microstomia and treatment options for restricted mouth opening. The various articles on prosthodontic rehabilitation in microstomia were segregated...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
Shinechimeg Dima, Kung-Jeng Wang, Kun-Huang Chen, Yung-Kai Huang, Wei-Jen Chang, Sheng-Yang Lee, Nai-Chia Teng
Decision tree (DT) analysis was applied in this cross-sectional study to investigate caries experience in children by using clinical and microbiological data obtained from parent-child pairs. Thirty pairs of parents and children were recruited from periodontal and pediatric dental clinics. All participants were clinically examined for caries and periodontitis by a calibrated examiner. Cariogenic and periodontopathic bacteria examinations were conducted. The Kendall rank correlation coefficient was used to measure the association between data variables obtained through clinical and microbiological examinations...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Amene Hosseini-Yekani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Javad Zavvar Reza, Ali Golkari
Objectives: There are inconsistent data about the association between saliva properties, dental caries, and periodontal status. In this study, we tried to examine the association between dental caries and periodontal status with salivary viscosity, flow rate, pH, and buffering capacity in adults. Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, 450 female teachers were randomly selected from schools located in Yazd, Iran. Oral examinations were conducted, and unstimulated saliva samples were collected...
January 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Nabila A Sedky
Objectives: Evaluating oral and dental health status in Egyptian children with cerebral palsy (CP) in relation to gross motor skills and types of CP. Methods: A Cross-sectional study was conducted at el-Shatby Hospital for Children, Alexandria-Egypt. Oral examination for 62 children with CP between the age ranges 3-12 years was performed and decay missing filling-tooth/decay filling-tooth (DMFT/dft), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S), and modified gingival index (MGI) indices were charted...
January 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
K Vidya, Prakashchandra Shetty, Latha Anandakrishna
Background: The study was an attempt to evaluate the relationship between oral health status and the level of glycemic control in type 1 diabetes patients. Methods: The study was carried out in 87 children with type 1 diabetes, aged 8-16 years, attending a diabetes specialty hospital. The oral health of these patients was measured using the WHO 1997 Oral Health Survey criteria for diagnosis of dental caries, gingival index, and plaque index. Samples were then divided into two groups as controlled (≤6...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Akshatha Gadiyar, Ridhima Gaunkar, Amita Kenkre Kamat, Akanksha Tiwari, Amit Kumar
Background: Children with special health-care needs (CSHCNs) have high unmet dental needs and are at increased risk of poor oral health. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between oral health behavior and dental caries experience among CSHCN. Materials and Methods: The cross-sectional study sample comprised of 223 CSHCNs from special educational schools in Goa. A self-administered parental questionnaire was used to collect data on sociodemographic characteristics and oral health behavior variables...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Rucha Kavathe, Nadia Islam, Jennifer Zanowiak, Laura Wyatt, Hardayal Singh, Mary E Northridge
BACKGROUND: Lack of access to oral health care is a significant burden for disadvantaged populations, yet rarely draws the attention of policymakers or community leaders. OBJECTIVES: To understand how UNITED SIKHS identified oral health care as a priority need through its involvement in community-based participatory research (CBPR) initiatives and local data collection, thereby building its capacity to lead participatory oral health projects. METHODS: The foundation for the partnership between UNITED SIKHS and the New York University (NYU) Prevention Research Center (PRC) was the joint implementation of a CBPR project to prevent diabetes in the Sikh Asian Indian community...
2018: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
Ajesh George, Hannah G Dahlen, Anthony Blinkhorn, Shilpi Ajwani, Sameer Bhole, Sharon Ellis, Anthony Yeo, Emma Elcombe, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Oral health care during pregnancy is important for the health of the mother and child. However, pregnant women have limited knowledge about maternal oral health and seldom seek dental care. Further, due to limited training antenatal care providers like midwives rarely discuss oral health with pregnant women. The Midwifery-Initiated Oral Health Dental Service program was developed to address current gaps in oral promotional interventions during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a Midwifery-Initiated Oral Health Dental Service program in improving uptake of dental services, oral health knowledge, quality of oral health, oral health status and birth outcomes of pregnant women...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arun K Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Shanthi Margabandhu, Divya Rupawat, Rehan Khan, Mandakini Desale
INTRODUCTION: The overall rehabilitation of women in sex work is unfortunately limited most of the time only to moving them to another profession, but it should be focused on including health as an important factor. Factors that restrict regular dental care include misconceptions, dental fear and expense of dental care, unpleasant dental experiences, and socioeconomic factors, but such a direct correlation cannot be made in the case of such women. Until now, no study has been conducted related to the complete dentition status and treatment needs of women in sex work...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Josiane Pezzini Soares, Jéssica Copetti Barasuol, Fernanda Marques Torres, Angela Giacomin, Bruna Miroski Gonçalves, Daniele Klein, Adriano Ferreti Borgatto, Maria Letícia Ramos-Jorge, Mariane Cardoso, Michele Bolan
BACKGROUND/AIM: Among the diseases related to oral health, traumatic dental injuries (TDI) can lead to pain, loss of function and esthetic problems, with physical, emotional and social consequences for children and their families. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between enamel fracture and enamel-dentin fracture with oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The cross-sectional study had a representative sample of 1,589 children between 8 to 10 years of age from public schools...
March 30, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
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