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Dental decay

Susan O Griffin, Liang Wei, Barbara F Gooch, Katherine Weno, Lorena Espinoza
BACKGROUND: Tooth decay is one of the greatest unmet treatment needs among children. Pain and suffering associated with untreated dental disease can lead to problems with eating, speaking, and learning. School-based dental sealant programs (SBSP) deliver a highly effective intervention to prevent tooth decay in children who might not receive regular dental care. SBSPs benefits exceed their costs when they target children at high risk for tooth decay. METHODS: CDC used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014 to estimate current prevalences of sealant use and untreated tooth decay among low-income (≤185% of federal poverty level) and higher-income children aged 6-11 years and compared these estimates with 1999-2004 NHANES data...
October 21, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Pradeep Jayashantha, Newell W Johnson
Sri Lanka's Veddas/Vanniya-laeto, are a small Indigenous group today with little information on their oral health status. This report is to provide an overview on oral health status of Veddas. Oral health status was recorded by the principal investigator after obtaining consent, using World Health Organization criteria, at an initial screening point before sending the person for any necessary treatment. Total participants were 194: 78% were males>35 years. Mean decayed, missing, filled teeth was 0.9 and 3% had pockets <3...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Diep H Ha, Loc G Do, Liana Luzzi, Gloria C Mejia, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: Dental diseases have shown to be influenced by area-level socioeconomic status. This study aims to assess the effects of change in area-level SES on the oral health of Australian Indigenous children. METHODS: Data were collected from a national surveillance survey for children's dental health at two points of time (2000-2002/2007-2010). The study examines caries experienced by area-level SES and whether changes in area-level SES (stable-high, upwardly-mobile, downwardly-mobile and stable low) affects caries experience...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Rui Arantes, Paulo Frazão
The objective of this paper was to evaluate the association between eligibility for a conditional cash transfer program, based on household income, and dental caries in 12-year-old children from three Indigenous ethnic groups living in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Central Brazil. A population-based cross-sectional study was performed in three ethnic groups: Kaiwoá, Guarani, and Terena. The study population was drawn by stratified sampling according to each ethnic group with a probability proportional to the village size...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
L Paglia
Despite the general advances in dental care, dental caries is still a global health problem affecting many children. Occlusal surfaces of first permanent molars are the most susceptible sites in the developing permanent dentition. Dentists should use sealants or fluoride varnish - as well as other means - to limit the onset of tooth decay. Application of sealants is a recommended procedure to prevent or control caries. Sealing occlusal surfaces of newly erupted permanent molars in children and teenagers delays caries onset up to 48 months compared with unsealed teeth...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Frederic Denis, Isabelle Millot, Nicolas Abello, Maud Carpentier, Audrey Peteuil, Agnès Soudry-Faure
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a severe mental disorder that affects 1 % of the world's population, including 600,000 people in France. Persons with schizophrenia (PWS) have excess mortality (their life expectancy is reduced by 20 %) and excess morbidity. In addition, such persons may have a large number of missing or decayed teeth. Dental caries and periodontal measurement indexes are often twice as high as the level found in the general population. Poor oral health can also affect quality of life and oral health is inseparable from general health...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
M P Molete, L Chola, K J Hofman
BACKGROUND: The burden of untreated tooth decay remains high and oral healthcare utilisation is low for the majority of children in South Africa. There is need for alternative methods of improving access to low cost oral healthcare. The mobile dental unit of the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits) has been operational for over 25 years, providing alternative oral healthcare to children and adults who otherwise would not have access. The aim of this study was to conduct a cost-analysis of a school based oral healthcare program in the Wits mobile dental unit...
October 19, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Youn Hee Jee, Nadine Sowada, Thomas C Markello, Iraj Rezvani, Guntram Borck, Jeffrey Baron
Linear growth failure can be caused by many different genetic abnormalities. In many cases, the genetic defect affects not only the growth plate, causing short stature, but also other organs/tissues causing additional clinical abnormalities. The proband was evaluated at 10 years of age for impaired postnatal linear growth (height 113.3 cm, -4.6 SDS), a bone age that was delayed by 5 years, dysmorphic facies, cognitive impairment, and central nervous system anomalies. His younger brother, presented only with growth failure at 10 months of age...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Genetics
Veerasamy Yengopal, Soraya Yasin Harnekar, Naren Patel, Nandi Siegfried
BACKGROUND: Childhood caries (tooth decay) consists of a form of tooth decay that affects the milk teeth (also known as baby or primary teeth) of children. This may range from tooth decay in a single tooth to rampant caries affecting all the teeth in the mouth. Primary teeth in young children are vital to their development and every effort should be made to retain these teeth for as long as is possible. Dental fillings or restorations have been used as an intervention to repair these damaged teeth...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Soni Kottayi, Sham S Bhat, K Sundeep Hegde, Faizal C Peedikayil, T P Chandru, Sukumaran Anil
INTRODUCTION: Overweight and obesity are growing health-related problems worldwide, and it is currently the most prevalent nutritional disorder among children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to assess the association between overweight and dental caries among 12- to 15-year-old schoolchildren in Mangaluru district, Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from 2000 school-going children aged 12 to 15 years. The children were categorized as overweight and normal-weight group by assessing the body mass index (BMI)...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Suzely As Moimaz, Najara B Rocha, Artênio Ji Garbin, Cléa As Garbin, Orlando Saliba
This study evaluated the relationships between oral conditions and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), as well as related factors. A crosssectional study was performed on 119 postnatal women who had sought prenatal care during pregnancy in the public health system of São Paulo State, Brazil. The women received oral clinical exams and were interviewed using the questions on the OHIP14. A second survey with information about their socioeconomic status, pregnancy and health habits was administered. The highest OHIP14 scores were found in the area of physical pain, with an average score of 10...
September 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Lena Natapov, Avi Sasson, Shlomo P Zusman
BACKGROUND: The National health insurance law enacted in 1995 did not include dental care in its basket of services. Dental care for children was first included in 2010, initially up till 8 years of age. The eligibility age rose to 12 years in 2013. The dental survey of 6 year-olds in 2007 found that the average of decayed, missing and filled teeth index (dmft) was 3.31 and 35 % of children were caries free. The current cross sectional survey of dental health for 6 year-olds was conducted as a comparison to the pre-reform status...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Aubrey Sheiham, Georgios Tsakos, Georgia Costa de Araújo-Souza, Richard G Watt
Dental caries levels have declined in children since the 1970s in many countries. Most of the postulated main reasons for the decline are speculative and have not been rigorously evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between some social factors and the decline in dental caries in Brazilian 12-year-old children from 1996 to 2010. Secondary analysis of national data was performed in 27 Brazilian state capitals. A panel data regression model with fixed effects and multiple linear regression were used to verify the relationship between the explanatory and the dependent variables and also the time-trend effect...
October 6, 2016: Caries Research
Lopez-Nguyen Darrene, Badet Cecile
The oral ecosystem is a very complex environment where more than 700 different bacterial species can be found. Most of them are organized in biofilm on dental and mucosal surfaces. Studying this community is important because a rupture in stability can lead to the preeminence of pathogenic microorganisms, causing dental decay, gingivitis, or periodontitis. The multitude of species complicates biofilm analysis so its reproduction, collection, and counting are very delicate. The development of experimental models of dental biofilms was therefore essential and multiple in vitro designs have emerged, each of them especially adapted to observing biofilm formation of specific bacteria within specific environments...
2016: BioMed Research International
Rachel Carpino, Mary P Walker, Ying Liu, Melanie Simmer-Beck
This program evaluation examines the effectiveness of a school-based dental clinic. A repeated-measures design was used to longitudinally examine secondary data from participants (N = 293). Encounter intensity was developed to normalize data. Multivariate analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to investigate the effect of encounter intensity on the change in decay, restorations, and treatment urgency. A Pearson's correlation was used to measure the strengths of association. Encounter intensity had a statistically significant effect on change in decay (p = ...
October 2, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Bojan B Petrovic, Tamara O Peric, Dejan L J Markovic, Branislav B Bajkin, Djorde Petrovic, Duska B Blagojevic, Sanja Vujkov
The aim of this study was to examine the factors affecting oral health status among intellectually disabled individuals in Serbia. The sample population was categorized according to age, sex, living arrangements, general health and the level of intellectual disability (ID). The diagnosis of dental caries was performed using the DMFT/dmft criteria. The oral hygiene and gingival health were assessed with the plaque index (Silness&Löe) and gingival index (Löe&Silness), respectively. Descriptive analysis, step-wise and logistic regression were performed to analyze related influential factors for caries presence, number of extracted teeth, teeth restored, the oral hygiene level and the extent of gingival inflammation...
September 30, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Martin Tickle, Ciaran O'Neill, Michael Donaldson, Stephen Birch, Solveig Noble, Seamus Killough, Lynn Murphy, Margaret Greer, Julie Brodison, Rejina Verghis, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common disease of childhood. The NHS guidelines promote preventative care in dental practices, particularly for young children. However, the cost-effectiveness of this policy has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To measure the effects and costs of a composite fluoride intervention designed to prevent caries in young children attending dental services. DESIGN: The study was a two-arm, parallel-group, randomised controlled trial, with an allocation ratio of 1 : 1...
September 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Luiz Evaristo Ricci Volpato, Annelyze Podolan Kloster, Lenieser Fajardo Nunes, Fabio Luis Miranda Pedro, Alvaro Henrique Borges
AIM: To analyze the cariogenic microbiota of children who are under antineoplastic therapy. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients undergoing cancer treatment in the Pediatric Unit of Mato Grosso Cancer Hospital were selected. The inclusion criteria of volunteers were being under chemotherapy in the saliva collection period, age between 2 and 18 years, collaborate with the protocol for clinical examination and saliva collection, and responsible have given their written consent...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Deepa Gurunathan, Arunachalam Karthikeyan Shanmugaavel
BACKGROUND: Child dental neglect is the failure of a parent or guardian to meet the child's basic oral health needs such that the child enjoys adequate function and freedom from pain and infection, where reasonable resources are available to family or caregiver. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the phenomenon of dental neglect among children in Chennai and to associate dental neglect with oral health status of children aged 3-12 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 478 pairs of parents and children...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Sonu Acharya, Pradip Kumar Mandal
INTRODUCTION: The interrelationship of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and dental caries, as well as Salivary IgA (S-IgA) level, appear to remain underexplored while a manual and electronic search of the literature was made. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess the relationship of S-IgA and dental caries status in HIV +ve children. AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the relationship of S-IgA antibody with dental caries by measuring the concentration of IgA in saliva of HIV +ve and HIV -ve children and to determine the dental caries status in HIV +ve and HIV -ve children, which may help in treatment planning and prevention of the same...
October 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
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