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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535364/dental-decay-phenotype-in-nonsyndromic-orofacial-clefting
#1
B J Howe, M E Cooper, G L Wehby, J M Resick, N L Nidey, L C Valencia-Ramirez, A M Lopez-Palacio, D Rivera, A R Vieira, S M Weinberg, M L Marazita, L M Moreno Uribe
Although children with oral clefts have a higher risk for dental anomalies when compared with the general population, prior studies have shown conflicting results regarding their dental decay risk. Also, few studies have assessed dental decay risk in unaffected relatives of children with clefts. Thus, the question of increased risk of dental decay in individuals with oral clefts or their unaffected relatives is still open for empirical investigation. This study characterizes dental decay in the largest international cohort to date of children with nonsyndromic clefts and their relatives, as compared with controls, and it addresses whether families with oral clefts have a significantly increased risk for dental decay versus the general population...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532895/motivational-interviewing-to-promote-oral-health-in-adolescents
#2
Lingli Wu, Xiaoli Gao, Edward C M Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
PURPOSE: Motivational interviewing (MI) is a counseling strategy to help people change their behaviors. This single-blinded randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of MI in improving adolescents' oral health. METHODS: Fifteen secondary schools were randomly assigned to three groups: (I) prevailing health education, (II) MI, and (III) MI coupled with interactive dental caries risk assessment (MI + RA). Adolescents (n = 512) with unfavorable oral health behaviors (infrequent toothbrushing and/or frequent snacking) were recruited; 161, 163, and 188 in groups I-III, respectively...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#3
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526794/raffinose-induces-biofilm-formation-by-streptococcus-mutans-in-low-concentrations-of-sucrose-by-increasing-production-of-extracellular-dna-and-fructan
#4
Ryo Nagasawa, Tsutomu Sato, Hidenobu Senpuku
Streptococcus mutans is the primary etiological agent of dental caries and causes tooth decay by forming a firmly attached biofilm on tooth surfaces. Biofilm formation is induced by the presence of sucrose, which is a substrate for the synthesis of extracellular polysaccharides, but not in the presence of oligosaccharides. Nonetheless, in this study, we found that raffinose, which is an oligosaccharide with an intestinal regulatory function and antiallergic effect, induced biofilm formation by S. mutans in a mixed culture with sucrose which was at concentrations less than those required to induce biofilm formation directly...
May 19, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521109/cost-effectiveness-of-caries-prevention-in-practice-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
C O'Neill, H V Worthington, M Donaldson, S Birch, S Noble, S Killough, L Murphy, M Greer, J Brodison, R Verghis, M Tickle
A 2-arm parallel-group randomized controlled trial measured the cost-effectiveness of caries prevention in caries-free children aged 2 to 3 y attending general practice. The setting was 22 dental practices in Northern Ireland. Participants were centrally randomized into intervention (22,600 ppm fluoride varnish, toothbrush, a 50-mL tube of 1,450 ppm fluoride toothpaste, and standardized prevention advice) and control (advice only), both provided at 6-monthly intervals during a 3-y follow-up. The primary outcome measure was conversion from caries-free to caries-active states assessed by calibrated and blinded examiners; secondary outcome measures included decayed, missing, or filled teeth surfaces (dmfs); pain; and extraction...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517028/aic-identifies-optimal-representation-of-longitudinal-dietary-variables
#6
John VanBuren, Joseph Cavanaugh, Teresa Marshall, John Warren, Steven M Levy
OBJECTIVES: The Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) is a well-known tool for variable selection in multivariable modeling as well as a tool to help identify the optimal representation of explanatory variables. However, it has been discussed infrequently in the dental literature. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the use of AIC in determining the optimal representation of dietary variables in a longitudinal dental study. METHODS: The Iowa Fluoride Study enrolled children at birth and dental examinations were conducted at ages 5, 9, 13, and 17...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511505/effectiveness-of-chewable-tooth-brush-in-children-a-prospective-clinical-study
#7
Lavanya Govindaraju, Deepa Gurunathan
INTRODUCTION: Dental plaque is one of the aetiological factors in causation of dental caries. Effective removal of plaque can reduce the incidence of caries. Various agents for removing plaque has been introduced, of which, chewable brush is a recent advance. There is limited evidence assessing the effectiveness of using chewable brush in children. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chewable brush in relation to efficiency in plaque removal and reduction in S...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509420/the-magnitude-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-in-brazil-new-zealand-and-australia
#8
Helena S Schuch, Dandara G Haag, Kostas Kapellas, Rui Arantes, Marco A Peres, W M Thomson, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnitude of relative oral health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons from Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. METHODS: Data were from surveys in Brazil (2010), New Zealand (2009) and Australia (2004-06 and 2012). Participants were aged 35-44 years and 65-74 years. Indigenous and non-Indigenous inequalities were estimated by prevalence ratios (PR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for sex, age and income...
May 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502123/novel-method-for-the-depletion-of-cariogenic-bacteria-using-dextranomer-microspheres
#9
Lauren Mashburn-Warren, Jennifer S Downey, Steven D Goodman
Streptococcus mutans is recognized as one of the key contributors to the dysbiotic state that results in dental caries. While existing treatment strategies reduce the incidence of tooth decay, they also eliminate both the cariogenic and beneficial microbes. Here we introduce a novel treatment alternative using Sephadex, cross-linked dextranomer microspheres (DMs), typically used for gel filtration chromatography. In addition DM beads can be used for affinity purification of glucosyltransferases (GTFs) from S...
May 14, 2017: Molecular Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501354/calcium-orthophosphates-capo4-occurrence-and-properties
#10
REVIEW
S V Dorozhkin
The present overview is intended to point the readers' attention to the important subject of calcium orthophosphates (CaPO4). This type of materials is of the special significance for the human beings because they represent the inorganic part of major normal (bones, teeth and antlers) and pathological (those appearing due to various diseases) calcified tissues of mammals. For example, atherosclerosis results in blood vessel blockage caused by a solid composite of cholesterol with CaPO4, while dental caries (tooth decay) and osteoporosis (a low bone mass with microarchitectural changes) mean a partial decalcification of teeth and bones, respectively, that results in replacement of a less soluble and harder biological apatite by more soluble and softer calcium hydrogenorthophosphates...
May 10, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501070/use-of-evidence-based-decision-making-in-comprehensive-dental-treatment-of-a-patient-with-meth-mouth-a-case-report
#11
Saad A Al Hazzani
OBJECTIVE: This case report illustrates the use of evidence-based practice in formulating a comprehensive dental treatment plan for a patient who presented himself with signs of oral health debilitation accompanying methamphetamine (MA) abuse called "meth mouth" with the goal of providing dental care practitioners in Saudi Arabia with an insight into the global problem of MA abuse and its impact on oral health. BACKGROUND: This report documents the case of a 22-year-old male patient who reported to the clinic with rampant caries caused due to MA abuse exacerbated by poor oral hygiene and smoking habit...
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496964/oral-health-status-of-institutionalized-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-lebanon
#12
Hicham A Diab, Ziad Salameh, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Genane Younes, Fouad Ayoub
OBJECTIVES: To assess the dental status of institutionalized intellectually disabled individuals in Lebanon and the role of background and behavioural determinants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Oral health was recorded for 652 individuals (6, 12, 15 and 35 - 44 years old) using the decayed, missing and filled teeth/decayed and filled teeth (DMFT/dft) index. Data collected was statistically analysed with statistical significance set at P = 0.05. RESULTS: Overall, mean DMFT index score was 5...
January 2017: Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494594/caring-for-baby-s-teeth-starts-before-birth
#13
L Paglia
Care for a child's teeth and gums can start even before the baby is born. Pregnancy causes many hormonal changes, among these the rise of estrogen and progesterone increases the risk of developing oral health problems, like gingivitis and periodontitis.The presence of maternal periodontal diseases and active infections has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and foetal loss. Therefore, it is important to educate pregnant women about their oral hygiene and the importance of taking care of their newborn's oral health...
March 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492208/self-reported-dental-pain-and-dental-caries-among-8-12-year-old-school-children-an-exploratory-survey-in-lagos-nigeria
#14
Abiola A Adeniyi, Olumuyiwa O Odusanya
BACKGROUND: Dental pain is considered an important public health problem because it affects the daily life of children. This study was designed to assess the prevalence, associated factors, and impact of dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children in Lagos, Nigeria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey to determine self-reported dental pain among 8-12-year-old school children using an interviewer-administered questionnaire was conducted. This was followed by a clinical examination to determine the child's oral hygiene status and dental caries status...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492196/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-use-of-toothbrush-with-paste-and-munident-on-levels-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-gingival-health-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#15
Rashmi N Shetty, Sowmya B Shetty, Sruthi Janardhanan, Shamila Shetty, Sharan Shetty, Kiran Raj
AIM: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal) dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492194/comparison-of-the-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-colony-count-changes-in-saliva-following-chlorhexidine-0-12-mouth-rinse-combination-mouth-rinse-and-green-tea-extract-0-5-mouth-rinse-in-children
#16
Rahul J Hegde, Shamika Kamath
BACKGROUND: Compounds present in green tea have been shown to inhibit the growth and activity of bacteria associated with oral infections. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of chlorhexidine (0.12%) mouth rinse and combination (chlorhexidine and sodium fluoride) mouth rinse to that of green tea extract (0.5%) mouth rinse in reducing the salivary count of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample for the study consisted of 75 school children aged 8-12 years with four or more (decay component) of decayed, missing, and filled teeth index...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488339/root-caries-experience-among-australian-adults
#17
Ninuk Hariyani, A John Spencer, Liana Luzzi, Loc Giang Do
BACKGROUND: Increase in life expectancy and tooth retention in contemporary Australian adults may increase population-level burden of having root caries. This study aimed to describe patterns and evaluate associations of root caries with socio-demographic, socio-economic, clinical and behavioural factors. METHODS: A secondary analysis was undertaken using data from the National Survey of Adult Oral Health 2004-2006, which included 5505 randomly general adults 15+ years old...
May 10, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484131/relationships-between-occupational-and-behavioral-parameters-and-oral-health-status
#18
Takashi Zaitsu, Toshiya Kanazawa, Yuka Shizuma, Akiko Oshiro, Sachiko Takehara, Masayuki Ueno, Yoko Kawaguchi
The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of various workplace parameters and oral health behaviors on tooth decay, periodontal disease, and the number of teeth present in industrial workers. The study participants were 1,078 workers (808 males, 270 females, mean age 42.8±11.4 years) employed at 11 different workplaces. Oral examinations and a self-administered questionnaire were conducted for participants. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors related to their oral health status...
May 2, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479885/caries-and-dental-erosion-are-soroti-children-and-adolescents-at-risk-from-increased-soft-drink-availability-in-uganda
#19
Jordan Cheng, Karen Campbell
OBJECTIVE: An initial field study to investigate dental caries and dental erosion in children and adolescents in the community of Soroti, Uganda. METHODS: A stratified two-stage cluster sample of 84 children (ages 8-10) and adolescents (ages 16-19) were recruited. A survey was undertaken to assess the state of determinants of oral health, oral hygiene practices, and soft-drink and sweetened-tea consumption. Intra-oral photographs were taken and reviewed to measure Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) and dental erosion...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475081/effectiveness-of-silver-diamine-fluoride-in-caries-prevention-and-arrest-a-systematic-literature-review
#20
Violeta Contreras, Milagros J Toro, Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación-Burgos
This study aimed to evaluate the scientific evidence regarding the effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) in preventing and arresting caries in the primary dentition and permanent first molars. A systematic review (SR) was performed by 2 independent reviewers using 3 electronic databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus). The database search employed the following key words: "topical fluorides" AND "children" AND "clinical trials"; "topical fluorides" OR "silver diamine fluoride" AND "randomized controlled trial"; "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children" OR "primary dentition" AND "tooth decay"; "silver diamine fluoride" OR "sodium fluoride varnish" AND "early childhood caries"; and "silver diamine fluoride" AND "children"...
May 2017: General Dentistry
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