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Dental decay

Ashwaq A Al-Hashedi, Marco Laurenti, Mohamed Amine Mezour, Tayebeh Basiri, Heithem Touazine, Mohamed Jahazi, Faleh Tamimi
Oral hygiene and regular maintenance are crucial for preserving good peri-implant health. However, available prophylaxis products and toothpastes, which are optimized for cleaning teeth, tend to contaminate and abrade implant surfaces due to their organic components and silica microparticles, respectively. This study aims to develop an organic-free implant-paste based on two-dimensional nanocrystalline magnesium phosphate gel and hydrated silica nanoparticles (20-30% w/w) for cleaning oral biofilm on titanium dental implants...
September 8, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Nor Azlina Hashim, Zamros Yuzadi Mohd Yusof, Roslan Saub
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sensitivity and responsiveness of the Malay version of Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (Malay-ECOHIS) to dental treatment of early childhood caries (ECC) under general anaesthesia (GA) and determine the minimally important difference (MID) for the Malay-ECOHIS. METHODS: A sample of 158 preschool children with ECC awaiting dental treatment under GA was recruited over an 8-month period. Parents self-completed the Malay-ECOHIS before and 4 weeks after their child's dental treatment...
September 6, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Mixianni Justo Fortuna, Paulo Floriani Kramer, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
BACKGROUND: Early-life dental service utilization could improve child dental health. AIM: Identify contextual, socioeconomic, and child characteristics associated with dental visitation by age 3 years. DESIGN: Within a Brazilian birth cohort (N = 435), multivariable regression models were fitted to identify independent predictors of having made a dental visit at age 3 years. Contextual variables considered included health center type (Traditional vs...
September 2, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
Anita M Mark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Vinicius da Costa Vieira, Liliane Lins, Viviane Almeida Sarmento, Eduardo Martins Netto, Carlos Brites
BACKGROUND: Oral health care may improve the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of HIV/AIDS patients. We aimed to evaluate oral health and HRQoL of HIV/AIDS patients using antiretroviral therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional study included 120 HIV-infected patients, aged ≥18 years, from February, 2016 to September, 2017. The 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used to evaluate the HRQoL. We assessed dental caries status using the Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index...
August 29, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Ana Luiza Sarno Castro, Maria Isabel Pereira Vianna, Carlos Maurício Cardeal Mendes
BACKGROUND: Since the 1980s, a wide variety of methods have been proposed to measure dental caries in the population, demonstrating a lack of consensus regarding the procedure that should be used for this purpose. The current study investigated the methods that are known and used by public oral health researchers and professors as well as the reasons that lead to the choice of a particular method. METHOD: In the context of an interview, a questionnaire was administered to public oral health researchers and professors who used caries indices and worked in Salvador and Feira de Santana, Bahia, Brazil from 2005 to 2015...
August 29, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Masoud Eisa Khajelou, Vahideh Zarea Gavgani, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi
BACKGROUND: Health knowledge is a requirement in healthcare and having a higher level of health knowledgehelps to promote a satisfactory health status. Also, patients have specific rights within the healthcaresystem, but sometimes they are not aware of their rights. These issues are highly affected by social determinants. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the social determinants of oral health knowledge and theawareness of patient's rights. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on patients referred to private officesand dental clinics in Tabriz, Iran...
April 2018: Dental and medical problems
V Rollon-Ugalde, J-A Coello-Suanzes, A Castaño-Seiquer, E Lledo-Villar, I Espinoza-Visval, A-M Lopez-Jimenez, P Infante-Cossio, A Rollon-Mayordomo
BACKGROUND: The Franciscan Hospital for Children Oral Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire (FHC-OHRQOL-Q) is an instrument designed specifically for parents and caregivers of patients with special needs that has not yet been applied in Spain. The aim of this study was to adapt it to Spanish and evaluate its reliability and validity in patients with intellectual disability (ID) treated under general anesthesia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two different stages: a) cross-cultural adaptation of the original questionnaire, and b) cross-sectional study on 100 parents and caregivers who completed the piloted FHC-OHRQOL-Q...
September 1, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
Rachel Clarke, Mary Shaw-Ridley
Dental caries affects 60-90% of school-aged children, with non-Hispanic Black children among those disproportionately affected. This study seeks to examine the attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of Black parents about preventive measures against caries for their preschool children (3-5 years). Parents of Black preschool children in Miami-Dade County (n = 192) completed an oral health survey measuring oral health attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze attitudes, beliefs and favorable oral health behaviors...
August 23, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Anna Sipe, Robert S Jones
Cross-polarization optical coherence tomography (CP-OCT) is a promising imaging modality to detect demineralization under the margins of composite restorations. The aim of this study was to assess how base materials applied under composite resin may affect CP-OCT image assessment. Base materials are commonly used for managing deep dentinal decay but once applied residual amounts of the base materials can be inadvertently left on the inner enamel walls. This study determined that base materials have significantly different scattering properties...
August 23, 2018: Dental Materials Journal
Sonali Halder, Rahul Kaul, Paras Angrish, Subrata Saha, Bhaswar Bhattacharya, Malay Mitra
Introduction: Childhood obesity, dental caries, and periodontal disease are major public health problems due to their adverse impact on the growth and development of children. Obesity and oral health are associated as both share some common risk factors. Aim: The specific aim of the study was to determine the correlation, if there is any, between obesity and oral health in children. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in five districts of West Bengal, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Anchal Chhonkar, Anil Gupta, Vishal Arya
Aim: To compare the levels of vitamin D in children with severe early childhood caries (SECC) and children without caries and to determine the association of vitamin D deficiency and SECC. Materials and methods: A total of 30 children each from case (with caries) and control group (without caries) of age between 3 and 6 years were selected from the Department of Pedo-dontics and Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Sciences, SGT University, Gurugram. Caries status of the children was recorded using decayed, extracted, and filled teeth (deft) index...
May 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Leila Basir, Somayeh Kalhori, Ahmad Zare Javid, Mashallah Khaneh Masjedi
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is a big public health problem which is prevalent in the highest degree worldwide, especially in lower socioeconomic levels. This study aims to investigate the anti-caries effects of Curcumin in Turmeric on the caries model of enamel under laboratory conditions. METHODS: In order to make a reliable model of caries, a Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 3568) bacterium was used. The biofilm was created on enamel slabs in 5 days. There were 5 groups of slabs...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Maxime Rousseau, Jean-Marc Retrouvey
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder that is usually caused by disturbed production of collagen type I. Depending on its severity in the patient, this disorder may create difficulties and challenges for the dental practitioner. The goal of this article is to provide guidelines based on scientific evidence found in the current literature for practitioners who are or will be involved in the care of these patients. A prudent approach is recommended, as individuals affected by OI present with specific dentoalveolar problems that may prove very difficult to address...
2018: PeerJ
Jialan Hong, Helen Whelton, Gail Douglas, Jing Kang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between consumption frequency of foods and drinks with added sugar and dental caries experience in the permanent teeth of 12- and 15-year-old children in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, using the Children's Dental Health Survey 2013 (CDHS) data. METHODS: Four thousand nine hundred and fifty children aged 12 and 15 have the following information available: daily consumption frequency of foods and drinks with added sugar, tooth-brushing frequency, dental attendance, and water-drinking frequency...
August 20, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
K J Oliver, Mmh Cheung, K Hallett, D J Manton
BACKGROUND: Poor oral health in children with cardiac conditions can have negative effects on quality of life and increased risk of infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to investigate the caries experience in children with cardiac conditions attending the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne. METHODS: Medical and dental records of 428 children aged <12 years were examined. Cardiac and other medical diagnoses, decayed, missing and filled surfaces/teeth were recorded and analysed...
August 20, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
Ryan Richard Ruff
OBJECTIVES: To compare common measures for dental caries in longitudinal caries research in support of a new measure, the Total Observed Caries Experience (TOCE). METHODS: TOCE was calculated as the total number of decayed or filled teeth ever observed. TOCE was compared to dmft, DMFT, and the prevalence of untreated decay using data from a 4-year, cluster randomized community-based caries prevention program. Outcomes were analyzed using generalized estimating equations and assessed change over time and effects across treatment groups...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Bradley Christian, Rahila Ummer-Christian, Anthony Blinkhorn, Vijaya Hegde, K Nandakumar, Rodrigo Marino, Amit Chattopadhyay
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that, as of 2010, there were 32 million orphaned children in India. There is little published information on the oral health of children in orphanages in India. AIM: To determine caries status and associated risk factors among children in orphanages in Kerala, India. METHODS: This cross-sectional study assessed caries using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, and caries experience was reported as decayed, missing and filled primary or secondary teeth (dmft or DMFT, respectively)...
August 13, 2018: International Dental Journal
Caroline H Shiboski, Tzy-Jyun Yao, Jonathan S Russell, Mark I Ryder, Russell B Van Dyke, George R Seage, Anna-Barbara Moscicki
OBJECTIVES: This study explores the association between combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and oral health outcomes (dental and periodontal) among perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) youth. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of oral health among PHIV youth participating in the Oral Health substudy of Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS). Dentists at research sites were trained/calibrated on how to perform a standardized oral mucosal, dental, and periodontal examination...
August 8, 2018: AIDS
Kaluram Yadav, Jitender Solanki, C L Dileep, B R Adyanthaya, Prashant Mishra, Omprakash Yadav
Introduction: Knowledge of blood groups and their association with oral diseases and depression is very important, as it may help in early diagnosis and treatment strategies. Method: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among dental students of a private dental college. The study was conducted in two phases, in the first phase the blood samples of each student were collected and sent for blood group examination in laboratory. Data for oral health status was collected by recording oral hygiene, dental caries and questions regarding oral hygiene habits and adverse oral habits...
July 2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
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