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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628586/building-a-pediatric-oral-health-training-curriculum-for-community-health-workers
#1
Molly Martin, William Frese, Christie Lumsden, Anna Sandoval
OBJECTIVES: Community health workers (CHWs) are a promising approach to oral health promotion in high-risk populations. This article describes the process of creating a pediatric oral health CHW training curriculum. DESIGN: Existing curricula were identified through outreach efforts to experts in the oral health and CHW fields, as well as PubMed and Google searches. After coding basic information, curricula were mapped to define oral health domains. Then group discussion was employed to determine final curriculum contents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627071/oral-health-status-of-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Ni Zhou, Hai Ming Wong, Yi Feng Wen, Colman Mcgrath
AIM: To compare the oral health status of children and adolescents affected by intellectual disabilities with their unaffected counterparts. METHOD: Citations published in English were searched from electronic databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus) from their start dates to March 2017. The whole process was conducted following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. The PICO (population, intervention/interest, comparator, outcome) principle was used to formulate the topic...
June 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621280/utility-of-dermatoglyphic-pattern-in-prediction-of-caries-in-children-of-telangana-region-india
#3
Shaik M Asif, Dara Bg Babu, Shaik Naheeda
INTRODUCTION: Dermatoglyphics is an extremely useful tool as a preliminary investigation method for diagnosing suspected genetic disorders. Caries being a multifactorial disease with the influence of genetic pattern, early identification of caries risk children with dermatoglyphics can help in using effective and efficient caries preventive measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study was undertaken to record and know the frequency of occurrence of fingerprint patterns among children with caries and in children without caries...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617401/-the-influence-of-teeth-morphology-on-bioelectrical-activity-of-masticatory-muscles
#4
I M Makeeva, Ya V Samokhlib, N Zh Dikopova
The aim of the study was to reveal correlation of dental morphology and bioelectric activity of masticatory muscles. The study included 76 young adults (47.4% females and 52.6% males) divided in 3 groups according to dental morphology features: intact teeth (26 patients), dental decay in fissures with intact cusps (25 patients), pronounced dental decay with varying degree of crown destruction (25 patients). Electromyography (EMG) was used to document the bioelectric activity (BEA) of temporal and masticatory muscles...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617398/-ultrastructural-changes-of-human-dental-hard-tissues-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-fixed-appliances
#5
I N Antonova, V D Goncharov, E A Bobrova
The aim of the study was to evaluate ultrastructural changes of dental enamel after fixation of orthodontic appliances, initial influence of orthodontic forces and removal of braces. Five intact permanent tooth extracted for orthodontic reasons were included in the experimental study. Scanning probe microscopy was conducted in 4 random enamel points in each tooth (20 points overall) in semi-contact mode with standard 10 nm probes. The study showed ultrastructural enamel changes such as nanofractures up to 1 mm along the braces locks...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614510/relationship-between-risk-classifications-used-to-organize-the-demand-for-oral-health-in-a-small-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#6
João Peres, Karine Laura Cortellazzi Mendes, Ronaldo Seichi Wada, Maria da Luz Rosario de Sousa
Oral health teams can work with both information of the people related to the family context as individual epidemiological through risk ratings, considering equity and service organization. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the association between tools that classify individual and family risk. The study group consisted of students from the age group of 5-6 years and 11-12 years who were classified regarding risk of caries and whether their parents had periodontal disease, in addition to the family risk...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613154/seal-or-varnish-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-relative-cost-and-effectiveness-of-pit-and-fissure-sealant-and-fluoride-varnish-in-preventing-dental-decay
#7
Ivor Gordon Chestnutt, Simon Hutchings, Rebecca Playle, Sarah Morgan-Trimmer, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Nadine Aawar, Lianna Angel, Sharron Derrick, Cheney Drew, Ceri Hoddell, Kerenza Hood, Ioan Humphreys, Nigel Kirby, Tin Man Mandy Lau, Catherine Lisles, Maria Zeta Morgan, Simon Murphy, Jacqueline Nuttall, Kateryna Onishchenko, Ceri Phillips, Timothy Pickles, Charlotte Scoble, Julia Townson, Beverley Withers, Barbara Lesley Chadwick
BACKGROUND: Fissure sealant (FS) and fluoride varnish (FV) have been shown to be effective in preventing dental caries when tested against a no-treatment control. However, the relative clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these interventions is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of FS and FV in preventing dental caries in first permanent molars (FPMs) in 6- and 7-year-olds and to determine their acceptability...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613064/-status-and-analysis-of-oral-disease-burden-comparison-of-the-domestic-and-overseas-data
#8
Y Meng, X N Liu, S G Zheng
At present, it has been regarded that oral disease was one of the most prevalent problems for people's general health around the world. Oral disease burden study focuses on the pressure and effect of oral diseases to the whole social economy and people's health. Oral disease burden, as a public health problem, needs to be attached importance in China and foreign countries. By means of retrieving the literature, this review article summarizes the progress of domestic and oversea studies on oral disease burden, analyses the epidemiological burden through the indicators such as the prevalence rate, decayed missing and filled teeth, disability adjusted life years, disability weights, and illustrates the economic burden of oral diseases by using part of the data...
June 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611067/maximising-paediatricians-roles-in-improving-children-s-oral-health-lessons-from-leicester
#9
REVIEW
Jasmine Murphy, Rod Moore
AIMS: To provide an overview of steps taken to improve oral health in one UK city and to review factors relevant to maximising the contribution that paediatricians (and potentially other health professionals) can make to improving oral health. METHODS: The article provides information on the strategic approach taken in Leicester, one of the most ethnically diverse cities in England, and also one of the most deprived. Over a third of children aged 3 years, and half of those aged 5 years, have experience of obvious dental decay...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608827/associations-of-community-water-fluoridation-with-caries-prevalence-and-oral-health-inequality-in-children
#10
Han-Na Kim, Jeong-Hee Kim, Se-Yeon Kim, Jin-Bom Kim
This study aimed to confirm the association between the community water fluoridation (CWF) programme and dental caries prevention on permanent teeth, comparing to a control area, neighbouring population without the programme, and verifying whether the programme can reduce the socio-economic inequality related to the oral health of children in Korea. Evaluation surveys were conducted among 6-, 8-, and 11-year-old children living in Okcheon (CWF) and neighbouring Yeongdong (non-CWF, control area) towns in South Korea...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586050/inhibitory-capacity-of-rhus-coriaria-l-extract-and-its-major-component-methyl-gallate-on-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm-formation-by-optical-profilometry-potential-applications-for-oral-health
#11
Tomas Kacergius, Saleh Abu-Lafi, Agne Kirkliauskiene, Vika Gabe, Azmi Adawi, Mahmoud Rayan, Mutaz Qutob, Rimantas Stukas, Algirdas Utkus, Mouhammad Zeidan, Anwar Rayan
Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) bacterium is the most well recognized pathogen involved in pathogenesis of dental caries. Its virulence arises from its ability to produce a biofilm and acidogenicity, causing tooth decay. Discovery of natural products capable to inhibit biofilm formation is of high importance for developing health care products. To the best of our knowledge, in all previous scientific reports, a colorimetric assay was applied to test the effect of sumac and methyl gallate (MG) on S. mutans adherence...
July 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583156/patient-reported-negative-experiences-related-to-caries-and-its-treatment-among-swedish-adult-patients
#12
Håkan Flink, Åke Tegelberg, Judith E Arnetz, Dowen Birkhed
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that dental caries should be regarded as a chronic disease as many individuals repeatedly develop new caries lesions. How this is perceived by caries active patients is unclear. The aim of this study was to measure patient-reported attitudes and negative experiences related to caries and dental treatment. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to 134 caries active (CA) and 40 caries inactive (CI) adult patients treated at a Swedish public dental service clinic...
June 5, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573844/dental-caries-experience-rather-than-toothbrushing-influences-the-incidence-of-dental-caries-in-young-japanese-adults
#13
C Sonoda, M Ebisawa, H Nakashima, Y Sakurai
A dose-response relationship between toothbrushing frequency and the incidence of dental caries has not been confirmed. Furthermore, no longitudinal study about this relationship has considered dental caries experience at baseline, which is an important factor influencing the frequency of future caries. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the association between the incidence of dental caries and toothbrushing frequency after adjusting for dental caries experience at baseline in a Japanese population...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573842/caries-prevalence-and-treatment-needs-in-young-people-in-portugal-the-third-national-study
#14
R Calado, C S Ferreira, P Nogueira, P Melo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate caries prevalence and dental treatment needs in Portuguese children and teenagers, as well as fluorosis prevalence in 12-year-old children, in order to address public oral health program strategies. PARTICIPANTS: A representative stratified random cluster sample of 3,710 participants of 6, 12, and 18 years old was selected. A questionnaire was applied to determine sociodemographic data and some oral health determinants. The clinical examination was based on the ICDAS criteria, then adapted to DMFS index, and Dean's index for fluorosis...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573837/public-health-intervention-over-four-decades-for-the-children-in-the-australian-capital-territory-have-we-reached-the-point-of-diminishing-returns
#15
I Sohal, E Kruger, M Tennant
BACKGROUND: Most of the developed world has seen some substantial improvements in the dental health of children over the past four decades owing to advances in service access, fluoride exposure, socio-economic development and improved diets, with the DMFT score of 12 year-olds dropping from well over 10 down to around one. AIM: To examine the question of advancing dental health for children even further using the same set of tools as we have to date by asking the question: Have we come to a point of diminishing returns? The study examines the long-term, near optimum settings of the known public dental health variables in the Australian Capital Territory...
June 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571487/targeting-of-streptococcus-mutans-biofilms-by-a-novel-small-molecule-prevents-dental-caries-and-preserves-the-oral-microbiome
#16
S S Garcia, M S Blackledge, S Michalek, L Su, T Ptacek, P Eipers, C Morrow, E J Lefkowitz, C Melander, H Wu
Dental caries is a costly and prevalent disease characterized by the demineralization of the tooth's enamel. Disease outcome is influenced by host factors, dietary intake, cariogenic bacteria, and other microbes. The cariogenic bacterial species Streptococcus mutans metabolizes sucrose to initiate biofilm formation on the tooth surface and consequently produces lactic acid to degrade the tooth's enamel. Persistence of S. mutans biofilms in the oral cavity can lead to tooth decay. To date, no anticaries therapies that specifically target S...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571283/estimation-of-dmft-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-count-flow-rate-ph-and-salivary-total-calcium-content-in-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-a-prospective-study
#17
Wasim Ismail Kamate, Nupura Aniket Vibhute, Rajendra Krishna Baad
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy, a period from conception till birth, causes changes in the functioning of the human body as a whole and specifically in the oral cavity that may favour the emergence of dental caries. Many studies have shown pregnant women at increased risk for dental caries, however, specific salivary caries risk factors and the particular period of pregnancy at heightened risk for dental caries are yet to be explored and give a scope of further research in this area. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the severity of dental caries in pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women by evaluating parameters like Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth (DMFT) index, salivary Streptococcus mutans count, flow rate, pH and total calcium content...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571250/impact-of-dental-disorders-and-its-influence-on-self-esteem-levels-among-adolescents
#18
Puneet Kaur, Simarpreet Singh, Anmol Mathur, Diljot Kaur Makkar, Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Manu Batra, Anshika Sharma, Nikita Goyal
INTRODUCTION: Self esteem is more of a psychological concept therefore, even the common dental disorders like dental trauma, tooth loss and untreated carious lesions may affect the self esteem thus influencing the quality of life. AIM: This study aims to assess the impact of dental disorders among the adolescents on their self esteem level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 10 to 17 years adolescents...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561561/oral-health-and-oral-health-behaviours-of-five-year-old-children-in-the-charedi-orthodox-jewish-community-in-north-london-uk
#19
C Klass, A Mondkar, D Wright
OBJECTIVE: To report on the oral health status and oral health behaviours of five-year-old Charedi Orthodox Jewish children attending schools in London, UK. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHOD: Clinical examinations mirroring the 2015 National Dental Public Health Epidemiology Programme for England for five-year-olds and a parental questionnaire on oral health behaviours. PARTICIPANTS: 137 five-year-olds attending Charedi Orthodox Jewish schools in Hackney, North London...
March 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559883/relationship-between-pyruvate-kinase-activity-and-cariogenic-biofilm-formation-in-streptococcus-mutans-biotypes-in-caries-patients
#20
Wirginia Krzyściak, Monika Papież, Anna Jurczak, Dorota Kościelniak, Palina Vyhouskaya, Katarzyna Zagórska-Świeży, Anna Skalniak
Streptococcus mutans (MS) and its biotype I are the strains most frequently found in dental plaque of young children. Our results indicate that in children pyruvate kinase (PK) activity increases significantly in dental plaque, and this corresponds with caries progression. The MS strains isolated in this study or their main glycolytic metabolism connected with PK enzymes might be useful risk factors for studying the pathogenesis and target points of novel therapies for dental caries. The relationship between PK activity, cariogenic biofilm formation and selected biotypes occurrence was studied...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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