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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703156/the-deceptive-complexity-of-caries
#1
(no author information available yet)
Exploring the potential value of using data on dental extractions under general anaesthesia (DGA) to monitor the impact of dental decay in childrenSocioeconomic inequality in the provision of specific preventive dental interventions among children in the UK: Children's Dental Health Survey 2003.
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702060/oral-health-status-salivary-ph-status-and-streptococcus-mutans-counts-in-dental-plaques-and-saliva-of-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#2
Romina Mazaheri, Ebrahim Jabbarifar, Elnaz Ghasemi, Elahe Akkafzadeh, Elmira Poursaeid
BACKGROUND: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), accounting for 23% of all malignancies in children, is the most prevalent pediatric malignancy. This study compared dental caries, oral hygiene status, salivary pH, and Streptococcus mutans counts in dental plaques and saliva of children with leukemia with those of healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control cross-sectional study assessed 32 children with ALL and 32 healthy children (4-9-year-old) for gingival bleeding index (GBI), decayed, missing, and filled/decayed, missing, and filled surfaces (DMF/dmfs), and plaque index (PI)...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693477/clinical-consequences-of-untreated-dental-caries-assessed-using-pufa-index-and-its-covariates-in-children-residing-in-orphanages-of-pakistan
#3
Ramsha Kamran, Warda Farooq, Mehreen Riaz Faisal, Faisal Jahangir
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical effects of untreated dental caries in Pakistani children residing in orphanages using the DMFT and PUFA index; association of decay and untreated dental caries with demographics including type of orphanage; behavioural and dental visiting pattern; and association of dental pain experience and type of orphanage with dental visiting. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 753 orphan children belonging to 4-17 years of age group residing in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan...
July 11, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685949/traditional-oral-health-beliefs-and-practices-of-bulang-people-in-yunnan-china
#4
Shinan Zhang, Edward C M Lo, Chun-Hung Chu
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore traditional oral health beliefs among the Bulang ethnic minority group in China. METHODS: Eighteen village leaders, chiefs, elders, and seniors in Yunnan, China were assigned to three focus groups for discussion of traditional oral health beliefs. The discussions were led by a facilitator. Transcripts were made, and data were extracted. RESULTS: The focus group discussions on traditional oral health beliefs addressed three themes: (a) the perception of oral health; (b) the impact of healthy teeth (oral health), in that healthy teeth essentially have an impact on physical health, emotions, and social status; and (c) toothache management, which was regarded as tooth decay (dental caries)...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684841/are-people-with-an-orofacial-cleft-at-a-higher-risk-of-dental-caries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
V Worth, R Perry, T Ireland, A K Wills, J Sandy, A Ness
Objective To establish whether children born with an orofacial cleft have a higher risk of dental caries than individuals without cleft.Design A systematic review and meta-analysisMethods The search strategy was based on the key words 'cleft lip palate' and 'oral hygiene caries decay'. Ten databases were searched from their inception to April 2016 to identify all relevant studies. All data were extracted by two independent reviewers. The primary outcome measure was caries measured by the decayed, missing, filled surfaces/teeth index (dmfs/dmft or DMFS/DMFT)...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678943/salivary-density-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-streptococcus-sobrinus-and-dental-caries-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#6
Flávia Scalioni, Camila Carrada, Fernanda Machado, Karina Devito, Luiz Cláudio Ribeiro, Dionéia Cesar, Rosangela Ribeiro
Objective: To assess and compare dental caries experience and salivary S. mutans, S. sobrinus, and streptococci counts between groups of Down syndrome and non-Down syndrome children and adolescents. Material and Methods: This study included a sample of 30 Down syndrome children and adolescents (G-DS) and 30 age- and sex-matched non-Down syndrome subjects (G-ND). Dental caries experience was estimated by the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth in the primary dentition and the permanent dentition...
May 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678838/the-oral-bacterial-microbiome-of-occlusal-surfaces-in-children-and-its-association-with-diet-and-caries
#7
Apoena Aguiar Ribeiro, Maria Andrea Azcarate-Peril, Maria Belen Cadenas, Natasha Butz, Bruce J Paster, Tsute Chen, Eric Bair, Roland R Arnold
Dental caries is the most prevalent disease in humans globally. Efforts to control it have been invigorated by an increasing knowledge of the oral microbiome composition. This study aimed to evaluate the bacterial diversity in occlusal biofilms and its relationship with clinical surface diagnosis and dietary habits. Anamneses were recorded from thirteen 12-year-old children. Biofilm samples collected from occlusal surfaces of 46 permanent second molars were analyzed by 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing combined with the BLASTN-based search algorithm for species identification...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676047/a-longitudinal-study-of-early-childhood-caries-incidence-in-wenzhou-preschool-children
#8
Xiping Wang, Zhiyuan Wei, Qiao Li, Liqin Mei
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a serious public health problem in China. Few studies, however, have described the incidence of ECC in China. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and incidence of ECC among preschool children in Wenzhou China. METHODS: Preschool children aged 3-4 years old were surveyed and followed up when they reached 5-6 years of age in the city of Wenzhou in southeast China. The rates of dental caries were determined with prevalence, and incidence density for risk of caries of a person (IDp) and of a tooth surface (IDs)...
July 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671327/dental-caries-clusters-among-adolescents
#9
John J Warren, John M Van Buren, Steven M Levy, Teresa A Marshall, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Alexandra M Curtis, Justine L Kolker, Karin Weber-Gasparoni
OBJECTIVES: There have been very few longitudinal studies of dental caries in adolescents, and little study of the caries risk factors in this age group. The purpose of this study was to describe different caries trajectories and associated risk factors among members of the Iowa Fluoride Study (IFS) cohort. METHODS: The IFS recruited a birth cohort from 1992 to 1995, and has gathered dietary, fluoride and behavioural data at least twice yearly since recruitment...
July 3, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670817/oral-health-of-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipients
#10
Marίa José Sandoval, Alkisti Zekeridou, Vasiliki Spyropoulou, Delphine Courvoisier, Andrea Mombelli, Valérie McLin, Catherine Giannopoulou
To evaluate oral health conditions in pediatric liver transplant recipients, with special focus on caries, green staining of the teeth, gingival bleeding, and gingival overgrowth. 40 patients (mean age 11.6 years) were examined at a routine follow-up visit, 6 months to 16 years after liver transplantation at the Swiss Center for Liver Disease in Children. After the medical examination, participants were further examined for the presence of dental caries, periodontal disease, GE, and GTC. The mean decay, missing, and filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) score was 3...
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667230/efficacy-evaluation-of-an-anti-caries-varnish-protocol-for-a-phase-ii-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Peter Milgrom, Ohnmar Tut, Marilynn Rothen, Lloyd Mancl, Marcelle Gallen, Jason M Tanzer
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries (tooth decay) is a common disease in which the products of sugar metabolism by certain bacteria that populate the tooth surface induce the development and progression of lesions (cavities). This is a phase II single-centre randomised, double-blind, active-controlled, parallel-group trial to assess the efficacy of a combination povidone iodine and sodium fluoride dental varnish to determine if it is superior to a varnish containing only sodium fluoride in the prevention of new caries lesions...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666841/synthesis-and-characterization-of-zro2-nanoparticles-antimicrobial-activity-and-their-prospective-role-in-dental-care
#12
John Bani Fathima, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Rose Venis
Nanomaterials are exerting a pull on deal with biological and pharmaceutical applications. Biomedical grade of zirconia reveals potential mechanical features of oxide ceramics. In this study, antimicrobial activity and anti-tooth decay applications of the synthesized NPs of ZrO2 were determined. The as-prepared ZrO2 NPs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, FTIR and XRD, which determined the formation of ZrO2NPs and their crystalline nature. SEM analysis further revealed spherical shaped NPs and TEM analysis determined the size of the particles in the range of 15-21 nm, respectively...
June 27, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666520/dental-therapists-can-probably-assess-decayed-missing-and-filled%C3%A2-teeth-with-high-accuracy-in%C3%A2-5-year-old-children
#13
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661802/effectiveness-on-early-childhood-caries-of-an-oral-health-promotion-program-for-medical-providers
#14
Patricia A Braun, Katina Widmer-Racich, Carter Sevick, Erin J Starzyk, Katya Mauritson, Simon J Hambidge
OBJECTIVES: To assess an oral health promotion (OHP) intervention for medical providers' impact on early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: We implemented a quasiexperimental OHP intervention in 8 federally qualified health centers that trained medical providers on ECC risk assessment, oral examination and instruction, dental referral, and fluoride varnish applications (FVAs). We measured OHP delivery by FVA count at medical visits. We measured the intervention's impact on ECC in 3 unique cohorts of children aged 3 to 4 years in 2009 (preintervention; n = 202), 2011 (midintervention; n = 420), and 2015 (≥ 4 FVAs; n = 153)...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661079/centre-level-variation-in-dental-treatment-and-oral-health-and-individual-and-area-level-predictors-of-oral-health-in-5-year-old-children-with-non-syndromic-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-the-cleft-care-uk-study-part-3
#15
J Smallridge, A K Wills, O Mahmoud, A Chong, V Clark, M Collard, J R Sandy, A R Ness
OBJECTIVES: To explore centre-level variation in fluoride treatment and oral health outcomes and to examine the association of individual- and area-level risk factors with dental decay in Cleft Care UK (CCUK). SETTING: Two hundred and sixty-eight 5-year-old British children with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on caries and developmental defects of enamel (DDE) were collected. The child's history of fluoride ingestion and postcode was used to assess exposure to fluoridated water...
June 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658909/effect-of-motives-for-food-choice-on-oral-health-among-primary-school-children-in-mangalore-an-analytical-survey
#16
Viral Vijay Mehta, Gururaghavendran Rajesh, Ashwini Rao, Ramya Shenoy, Mithun Pai, Vijayendranath Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Parents influence children's eating behaviours by making some foods available than others and by acting as models of eating behaviour. Food selected by parents influence general and oral health of their children. AIM: Aim of this study was to assess oral health parameters among primary school children and motives for food choice among their parents in Mangalore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 759 primary school children aged 5-10 years, and their parents participated in this study...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655504/early-life-factors-and-dental-caries-in-5-year-old-children-in-china
#17
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Jennifer E Gallagher, Shuguo Zheng
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the association between early life factors and dental caries among 5-year-old Chinese children. METHODS: Data from 9,722 preschool children who participated in the third National Oral Health Survey of China were analysed. Information on early life (birth weight, breastfeeding and age when toothbrushing started), child (sex, ethnicity, birth order and dental behaviours) and family factors (parental education, household income, place of residence, number of children in the family, respondent's age and relation to the child) were obtained from parental questionnaires...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653759/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-oral-health-among-15-year-old-danish-adolescents-during-1995-2013-a-nationwide-register-based-repeated-cross-sectional-study
#18
Kaushik Sengupta, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Ingelise Andersen
BACKGROUND: Scandinavian welfare states, despite having better population oral health than less egalitarian societies, are characterized by ubiquitous social gradients and large relative socioeconomic inequalities in oral health. However, trends in these inequalities among Scandinavian children and adolescents have not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVES: To describe the associations between socioeconomic position (SEP) and oral health in adolescents and to investigate the trends in these associations between 1995 and 2013...
June 27, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648551/science-politics-and-communication-the-case-of-community-water-fluoridation-in-the-us
#19
Myron Allukian, Olivia D Carter-Pokras, Barbara F Gooch, Alice M Horowitz, Hiroko Iida, Matt Jacob, Dushanka V Kleinman, Jayanth Kumar, William R Maas, Howard Pollick, R Gary Rozier
Community water fluoridation (CWF) and its effect in reducing the burden of dental caries (tooth decay) is considered one of the 10 public health achievements in the 20th century. In the U.S., three-quarters (74.4%) of people on community water supplies have optimally fluoridated water, and each year approximately 90 communities actively consider starting or discontinuing CWF. CWF exists within the policy environment and includes actions taken by local community councils, health and water boards, and groups; state legislatures and health departments; national regulatory and science agencies; independent science entities; and professional and nonprofit organizations...
May 29, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642749/rna-seq-reveals-enhanced-sugar-metabolism-in-streptococcus-mutans-co-cultured-with-candida-albicans-within-mixed-species-biofilms
#20
Jinzhi He, Dongyeop Kim, Xuedong Zhou, Sang-Joon Ahn, Robert A Burne, Vincent P Richards, Hyun Koo
Early childhood caries (ECC), which can lead to rampant tooth-decay that is painful and costly to treat, is one of the most prevalent infectious diseases affecting children worldwide. Previous studies support that interactions between Streptococcus mutans and Candida albicans are associated with the pathogenesis of ECC. The presence of Candida enhances S. mutans growth, fitness and accumulation within biofilms in vitro, although the molecular basis for these behaviors is undefined. Using an established co-cultivation biofilm model and RNA-Seq, we investigated how C...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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