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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632592/changes-in-psychological-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-following-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#1
Chul-Hyun Cho, Kwang-Soon Song, Ilseon Hwang, Margaret S Coats-Thomas, Jon J P Warner
BACKGROUND: There has been little documentation of the effects of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) on psychological status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We investigated changes in psychological status (depression and anxiety) and HRQoL following TSA and assessed the effect of preoperative psychological status on postoperative clinical and functional outcome. We hypothesized that TSA would improve both psychological status and HRQoL. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 46 patients undergoing TSA for osteoarthritis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628579/distal-humeral-flexion-osteotomy-for-the-treatment-of-supracondylar-extension-type-malunions-in-children
#2
Sebastian Farr, Rudolf Ganger, Werner Girsch
Distal humeral extension-type malunions may occur as a complication following improper reduction of supracondylar humerus fractures. We evaluated results after distal humeral flexion osteotomies for sagittal realignment of the humeral condyle in children. Medical records and radiographs of all patients younger than 18 years of age, who underwent this procedure because of a clinically relevant lack of elbow flexion, were evaluated. In a cohort of 18 children with a mean age of 8 years at the time of surgery and a mean follow-up duration of 1 year, elbow flexion increased significantly from a mean of 101° preoperatively to 126° at the final follow-up; established radiographic parameters (e...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625096/surgical-technique-and-early-outcomes-of-intramedullary-nailing-of-displaced-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-an-asian-population-using-a-contemporary-straight-nail-design
#3
Toon Dong Hao, Andy Wee Teck Huat
BACKGROUND: Despite being a common orthopedic injury, the optimal management of proximal humeral fractures remains a topic of debate. Although intramedullary nails have been used to treat these fractures, several complications have been reported with older nail devices. We describe our surgical technique and aim to evaluate the early functional and radiological outcomes of displaced Neer's two- to four-part proximal humeral fractures undergoing fixation with a contemporary straight intramedullary nail...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624239/functional-outcome-and-healing-of-large-and-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-repaired-with-a-load-sharing-rip-stop-construct
#4
Matthew P Noyes, Alexandre Ladermann, Patrick J Denard
PURPOSE: To prospectively review functional outcomes and healing rates of large and massive rotator cuff tears repaired with a load-sharing rip-stop (LSRS) technique. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair with an LSRS construct between January and December 2014. Seventeen patients with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up were included. Four patients did not complete clinical evaluations and functional outcome scores at a minimum of 2 years' follow-up and were lost to follow-up...
June 14, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622337/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-posterolateral-plica-of-the-elbow-joint-asymptomatic-vs-symptomatic-subjects
#5
Sang-Hee Choi, Suk Kyeong Ji, Seung Ah Lee, Min Jong Park, Moon Jong Chang
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be useful to diagnose a posterolateral plica syndrome of the elbow joint because this syndrome has less clear clinical features. The purposes of this study were to document mediolateral and sagittal dimensions of a posterolateral synovial fold and to determine the proportion of subjects with the posterolateral plica in asymptomatic elbows. We also aimed to determine whether the dimensions of the posterolateral synovial fold and the prevalence of the plica differ between symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615808/triceps-to-biceps-transfer-for-restoration-of-elbow-flexion-following-upper-brachial-plexus-injury
#6
Pothula Durga Prasada Rao, Rayidi Venkata Koteswara Rao, R Srikanth
INTRODUCTION: Upper brachial plexus injury in adults causes loss of elbow fl exion; when the primary nerve surgery has failed or the patient seeks treatment after 12 months of injury and pedicled muscle transfers are required. Most commonly, the latissimus dorsi or the Steindler flexorplasty is used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have transferred one of the heads of triceps muscle to restore the elbow flexion in such cases. In addition to return of elbow flexion, extension of elbow following surgery is retained...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614146/the-effect-of-concomitant-elbow-injuries-on-the-outcomes-of-radial-head-arthroplasty-a-cohort-comparison
#7
Jason A Strelzow, George S Athwal, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Kenneth J Faber, Darren Drosdowech, Graham J W King
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical impairments and patient reported outcomes in patients following simple and complex elbow injuries who were treated with a radial head arthroplasty. DESIGN: Patients with isolated elbow trauma and no prior injury to the elbow were prospectively enrolled following radial head arthroplasty for an acute unreconstructable fracture. Injury patterns were classified as simple or complex based on the presence or absence of associated elbow fractures and/or dislocation...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610563/progression-of-function-and-pain-relief-as-indicators-for-returning-to-sports-after-arthroscopic-isolated-type-ii-slap-repair-a-prospective-study
#8
Sandra Boesmueller, Thomas M Tiefenboeck, Marcus Hofbauer, Adam Bukaty, Gerhard Oberleitner, Wolfgang Huf, Christian Fialka
BACKGROUND: One of the currently used surgical techniques in isolated type II SLAP lesions is arthroscopic SLAP repair. Postoperatively, patients tend to suffer from a prolonged period of pain and are restricted in their sports activities for at least 6 months. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the clinical outcome as well as the postoperative course of pain after arthroscopic type II SLAP repair. METHODS: Outcome measures were assessed using the Individual Relative Constant Score (CSindiv), the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) Score, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and the Short Form 36 (SF-36)...
June 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609352/comparing-the-efficacy-of-triple-nerve-transfers-with-nerve-graft-reconstruction-in-upper-trunk-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-injury
#9
Kathleen M O'Grady, Hollie A Power, Jaret L Olson, Michael J Morhart, A Robertson Harrop, M Joe Watt, K Ming Chan
BACKGROUND: Upper trunk obstetrical brachial plexus injury (OBPI) can cause profound shoulder and elbow dysfunction. Although neuroma excision with interpositional sural nerve grafting is the current gold standard, distal nerve transfers have a number of potential advantages. The goal of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes and healthcare costs between nerve grafting and distal nerve transfers in children with upper trunk OBPI. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, children who received triple nerve transfers were followed with the Active Movement Scale (AMS) for 2 years...
June 12, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606436/a-comparative-outcome-study-of-hamstring-versus-tibialis-anterior-and-synthetic-grafts-for-deltoid-to-triceps-transfers
#10
Jennifer A Dunn, Khalid D Mohammed, Gordon P Beadel, Alastair G Rothwell, Jeremy W Simcock
PURPOSE: To assess elbow extension strength and complications after deltoid-triceps transfers using hamstring tendon graft compared with tibialis anterior and synthetic tendon grafts. METHODS: A retrospective review of deltoid-triceps transfers in patients with tetraplegia performed between 1983 and 2014. RESULTS: Seventy-five people (136 arms) had surgery performed, with the majority undergoing simultaneous bilateral surgery (n = 61; 81%)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596982/evidence-of-the-effectiveness-of-primary-brachial-plexus-surgery-in-infants-with-obstetric-brachial-plexus-palsy-revisited
#11
Amel A F El-Sayed
A recent systematic review questioned the effectiveness of primary surgery in infants with obstetric brachial plexus palsy. At our center, the indication for primary surgery in infants with upper Erb's obstetric palsy is the lack of active elbow flexion at age 4 months. The current study compares the outcome of motor recovery in 2 groups of infants with upper Erb's palsy: one group (n = 9) treated surgically between age 4 and 5 months, and another group (n = 9) treated conservatively despite the lack of active elbow flexion at age 4 months...
January 2017: Child neurology open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594491/cubital-tunnel-syndrome
#12
Claudius D Jarrett, Loukia K Papatheodorou, Dean G Sotereanos
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the most common cause of symptomatic ulnar neuropathy. The unique anatomic course of the ulnar nerve around the elbow makes it particularly vulnerable at a location far from its terminal destination. The natural progression of cubital tunnel syndrome allows patients who have mild symptoms to be adequately treated nonsurgically. Minor changes in activity combined with appropriate splinting may acceptably alleviate symptoms. Surgical intervention is recommended for patients who have more severe symptoms...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589156/outcome-of-expedited-rotator-cuff-surgery-in-injured-workers-determinants-of-successful-recovery
#13
Helen Razmjou, Dragana Boljanovic, Sandra Lincoln, Richard Holtby, Stephen Gallay, Patrick Henry, Iona Macritchie, Cheryl Borthwick, Lauren Mayer, Carolyn Roknic, Deborah Shore, Allison Kamino, Julie Grossman, Joanne Hill, Gargi Singh, Niki Travers, Loraine Yanofsky, Marni Wilson, Shellina Sumar, Alicia Savona, Filomena De Medeiros, Helen Mann, Aisha Champsi, Stefanie Chau, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
BACKGROUND: Work-related rotator cuff injuries are a common cause of disability and employee time loss. PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness of expedited rotator cuff surgery in injured workers who underwent rotator cuff decompression or repair and to explore the impact of demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors in predicting the outcome of surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Injured workers who were seen at a shoulder specialty program and who underwent expedited arthroscopic rotator cuff decompression or repair were observed for a period of 6 to 12 months based on their type of surgery and recovery trajectory...
May 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581816/serial-changes-in-3-dimensional-supraspinatus-muscle-volume-after-rotator-cuff-repair
#14
Seok Won Chung, Kyung-Soo Oh, Sung Gyu Moon, Na Ra Kim, Ji Whan Lee, Eungjune Shim, Sehyung Park, Youngjun Kim
BACKGROUND: There is considerable debate on the recovery of rotator cuff muscle atrophy after rotator cuff repair. PURPOSE: To evaluate the serial changes in supraspinatus muscle volume after rotator cuff repair by using semiautomatic segmentation software and to determine the relationship with functional outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Seventy-four patients (mean age, 62.8 ± 8.8 years) who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and obtained 3 consecutive (preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and later postoperatively [≥1 year postoperatively]) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans having complete Y-views were included...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578766/editorial-commentary-elbow-lateral-epicondylitis-tennis-elbow-surgery-works-but-is-not-often-indicated
#15
EDITORIAL
Gary G Poehling
In the small percentage of patients who do not respond to nonoperative approaches to tennis elbow, surgery-whether it is open, arthroscopic, or percutaneous-provides near 90% satisfaction rates.
June 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577179/good-isometric-and-isokinetic-power-restoration-after-distal-biceps-tendon-repair-with-anchors
#16
Arnold J Suda, Julia Prajitno, Paul A Grützner, Marco Tinelli
INTRODUCTION: Distal biceps brachii tendon rupture can lead to 30-40% power loss of elbow flexion and up to 50% of forearm supination. Re-fixation of the distal biceps brachii tendon is recommended to warrant an adequate quality of the patient's life. This study reports the isometric and isokinetic results after anchor re-fixation 2.5 years after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2010, 69 patients with distal biceps brachii tendon tear underwent a suture anchor reattachment...
June 2, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575638/elbow-injuries-in-professional-baseball-epidemiological-findings-from-the-major-league-baseball-injury-surveillance-system
#17
Michael G Ciccotti, Keisha M Pollack, Michael C Ciccotti, John D'Angelo, Christopher S Ahmad, David Altchek, James Andrews, Frank C Curriero
BACKGROUND: Elbow injuries cause significant disability for the throwing athlete. Scant data are available on the distribution and characteristics of these injuries in elite baseball players. No study exists that focuses solely on the epidemiological characteristics of elbow injuries in professional baseball players using a comprehensive injury surveillance system. HYPOTHESIS: Professional baseball players have a high occurrence of elbow injuries influenced by factors including length of time playing, time period within the annual baseball season, and specific position played...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571218/functional-results-of-communited-intra-articular-distal-humerus-fractures-treated-with-bicolumnar-plating
#18
Siddharth Rashmikant Virani, Sandeep Sonone, Aditya Anand Dahapute, Inayat Panda, Kunal Dwijen Roy
INTRODUCTION: Communited intra-articular distal humerus fractures are commonly encountered in orthopaedic practice and they are present with unique difficulties for internal fixation. This problem is especially worse in the elderly due to osteoporotic bone. AIM: To evaluate the intermediate term results (minimum follow up of two years) of communited intra-articular distal humerus fractures treated with bicolumnar plating with or without olecranon osteotomy in elderly Indian population...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567225/clinical-outcomes-and-complications-during-the-learning-curve-for-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-an-analysis-of-the-first-40-cases
#19
Chul-Hyun Cho, Kwang-Soon Song, Tae-Won Koo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the results and complications during the learning curve of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) for rotator cuff deficiency. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the first 40 cases of RTSA performed by a single surgeon. The mean age of patients was 72.7 years (range, 63 to 81 years) and mean follow-up period was 26.7 months (range, 9 to 57 months). Clinical outcomes were evaluated using a visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeon (ASES) score, subjective shoulder value (SSV), and active range of motion (ROM)...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566403/kudo-type-5-total-elbow-arthroplasty-for-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-minimum-ten-year-follow-up-study
#20
A Kodama, T Mizuseki, N Adachi
AIMS: We assessed the long-term (more than ten-year) outcomes of the Kudo type-5 elbow prosthesis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 41 elbows (Larsen Grade IV, n = 21; Grade V, n = 20) in 31 patients with RA who had undergone a Kudo type-5 total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) between 1994 and 2003, and had been followed up for more than ten years. The humeral component was cementless and the all-polyethylene ulnar component cemented in every patient...
June 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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