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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902233/evaluating-the-expected-effects-of-disclosure-of-patient-safety-incidents-using-hypothetical-cases-in-korea
#1
Minsu Ock, Eun Young Choi, Min-Woo Jo, Sang-Il Lee
To introduce disclosure of patient safety incidents (DPSI) into a specific country, evidence of the effectiveness of DPSI is essential. Since such a disclosure policy has not been adopted in South Korea, hypothetical cases can be used to measure the effectiveness of DPSI. We evaluated the effectiveness of DPSI using hypothetical cases in a survey with a sample of the Korean general public. We used 8 hypothetical cases reflecting 3 conditions: the clarity of medical errors, the severity of harm, and conducting DPSI...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870512/disclosure-of-harmful-medical-error-to-patients-a-review-with-recommendations-for-pathologists-erratum
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805398/patient-safety-awareness-among-undergraduate-medical-students-in-pakistani-medical-school
#3
Rizwana Kamran, Attia Bari, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Mohamed Al-Eraky
Objective: To measure the level of awareness of patient safety among undergraduate medical students in Pakistani Medical School and to find the difference with respect to gender and prior experience with medical error. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Lahore (UOL), Pakistan from January to March 2017, and comprised final year medical students. Data was collected using a questionnaire 'APSQ- III' on 7 point Likert scale. Eight questions were reverse coded...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699556/the-struggle-against-perceived-negligence-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-experiences-of-adverse-events-in-norwegian-hospitals
#4
Gunn Hågensen, Gudrun Nilsen, Grete Mehus, Nils Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Every year, 14 % of patients in Norwegian hospitals experience adverse events, which often have health-damaging consequences. The government, hospital management and health personnel attempt to minimize such events. Limited research on the first-hand experience of the patients affected is available. The aim of this study is to present patients' perspectives of the occurrence of, disclosure of, and healthcare organizations' responses to adverse events. Findings are discussed within a social constructivist framework and with reference to principles of open disclosure policy...
April 25, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684143/matt-s-story-learning-from-heartbreak
#5
Kristen Miller, Alyssa Dastoli
The victims of medical error reach far beyond the patient. The aftermath forever changes the lives of the patient's family and physician alike. We explore the life and death of nineteen-year-old Matt, a stellar athlete and better son, and the cognitive bias that led to an unfortunate and consequential medical misdiagnosis. This story is one of family heartbreak, the harsh reality of second victim phenomenon, and ultimately lessons learned in compassion, vigilance, and candidness for the health care industry...
April 19, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618347/undergraduate-medical-students-perceptions-and-intentions-regarding-patient-safety-during-clinical-clerkship
#6
Hoo-Yeon Lee, Myung-Il Hahm, Sang Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate medical students' perceptions and intentions regarding patient safety during clinical clerkships. METHODS: Cross-sectional study administered in face-to-face interviews using modified the Medical Student Safety Attitudes and Professionalism Survey (MSSAPS) from three colleges of medicine in Korea. We assessed medical students' perceptions of the cultures ('safety', 'teamwork', and 'error disclosure'), 'behavioural intentions' concerning patient safety issues and 'overall patient safety'...
April 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558835/views-of-children-parents-and-health-care-providers-on-pediatric-disclosure-of-medical-errors
#7
Donna Koller, Sherry Espin
Despite the prevalence of medical errors in pediatrics, little research examines stakeholder perspectives on the disclosure of adverse events, particularly in the case of children's own perspectives. Stakeholder perspectives, however, are integral to informing processes for pediatric disclosure. Building on a systematic review of the literature, this article presents findings from a series of focus groups with key pediatric stakeholders where perspectives were sought on the disclosure of medical errors. Focus groups were conducted with three stakeholder groups...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540413/undergraduate-medical-students-behavioural-intentions-towards-medical-errors-and-how-to-handle-them-a-qualitative-vignette-study
#8
Isabel Kiesewetter, Karen D Könings, Moritz Kager, Jan Kiesewetter
OBJECTIVES: In undergraduate medical education, the topics of errors in medicine and patient safety are under-represented. The aim of this study was to explore undergraduate medical students' behavioural intentions when confronted with an error. DESIGN: A qualitative case vignette survey was conducted including one of six randomly distributed case scenarios in which a hypothetical but realistic medical error occurred. The six scenarios differed regarding (1) who caused the error, (2) the presence of witnesses and (3) the consequences of the error for the patient...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419944/incident-learning-in-radiation-oncology-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Eric C Ford, Suzanne B Evans
Incident learning is a key component for maintaining safety and quality in healthcare. Its use is well established and supported by professional society recommendations, regulations and accreditation, and objective evidence. There is an active interest in incident learning systems (ILS) in radiation oncology, with over 40 publications since 2010. This article is intended as a comprehensive topic review of ILS in radiation oncology, including history and summary of existing literature, nomenclature and categorization schemas, operational aspects of ILS at the institutional level including event handling and root cause analysis, and national and international ILS for shared learning...
February 8, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383083/preparing-emergency-medicine-residents-to-disclose-medical-error-using-standardized-patients
#10
Carmen N Spalding, Sherri L Rudinsky
Introduction: Emergency Medicine (EM) is a unique clinical learning environment. The American College of Graduate Medical Education Clinical Learning Environment Review Pathways to Excellence calls for "hands-on training" of disclosure of medical error (DME) during residency. Training and practicing key elements of DME using standardized patients (SP) may enhance preparedness among EM residents in performing this crucial skill in a clinical setting. Methods: This training was developed to improve resident preparedness in DME in the clinical setting...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356714/disclosure-of-harmful-medical-error-to-patients-a-review-with-recommendations-for-pathologists
#11
Yael K Heher, Suzanne M Dintzis
Harmful error is an infrequent but serious challenge in the pathology laboratory. Regulatory bodies and advocacy groups have mandated and encouraged disclosure of error to patients. Many pathologists are interested in participating in disclosure of harmful error but are ill-equipped to do so. This review of the literature with recommendations examines the current state of the patient safety movement and error disclosure as it pertains to pathology and provides a practical and explicit guide for pathologists for who, when, and how to disclose harmful pathology error to patients...
March 2018: Advances in Anatomic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346222/-to-err-is-human-but-disclosure-must-be-taught-a-simulation-based-assessment-study
#12
Ashley C Crimmins, Ambrose H Wong, James W Bonz, Alina Tsyrulnik, Karen Jubanyik, James D Dziura, Kelly L Dodge, Leigh V Evans
INTRODUCTION: Although error disclosure is critical in promoting safety and patient-centered care, physicians are inconsistently trained in its practice, and few objective methods to assess competence exist. We used an immersive simulation scenario to determine whether providers with varying levels of clinical experience adhere to the disclosure safe practice guidelines when exposed to a serious adverse event simulation scenario. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study with medical students, junior emergency medicine (EM) residents (PGY 1-2), senior EM residents (PGY 3-4), and attending EM physicians participating in a simulated case in which a scripted medication overdose resulted in an adverse event...
April 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240330/regulating-black-box-medicine
#13
W Nicholson Price
Data drive modern medicine. And our tools to analyze those data are growing ever more powerful. As health data are collected in greater and greater amounts, sophisticated algorithms based on those data can drive medical innovation, improve the process of care, and increase efficiency. Those algorithms, however, vary widely in quality. Some are accurate and powerful, while others may be riddled with errors or based on faulty science. When an opaque algorithm recommends an insulin dose to a diabetic patient, how do we know that dose is correct? Patients, providers, and insurers face substantial difficulties in identifying high-quality algorithms; they lack both expertise and proprietary information...
2017: Michigan Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227430/continuing-education-meets-the-learning-organization-the-challenge-of-a-systems-approach-to-patient-safety
#14
John M Eisenberg
Since the release of the report of the Institute of Medicine on medical errors and patient safety in November 1999, health policy makers and health care leaders in several nations have sought solutions that will improve the safety of health care. This attention to patient safety has highlighted the importance of a learning approach and a systems approach to quality measurement and improvement. Balanced with the need for public disclosure of performance, confidential reporting with feedback is one of the prime ways that nations such as the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and Australia have approached this challenge...
October 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189647/the-use-of-simulation-in-physician-assistant-programs-a-national-survey
#15
Donald Coerver, Nina Multak, Ashley Marquardt, Eric H Larson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a national-level description of the current use of simulation activities in physician assistant (PA) education and to assess the degree to which the use of simulation varies by PA program size and institutional type. METHODS: An electronic survey on medical simulation was sent to 177 PA program directors or to a designated simulation activities coordinator, using the directory on the Physician Assistant Education Association website...
December 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142538/patient-safety-awareness-among-postgraduate-students-and-nurses-in-a-tertiary-health-care-facility
#16
Attia Bari, Uzma Jabeen, Iqbal Bano, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
Objective: To determine the knowledge of patient safety among postgraduate residents (PGR) and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This casual comparative study was conducted among the postgraduate residents and nurses working at The Children's Hospital Lahore in the month of July, August 2017. Both PGR and nurses were asked to complete APSQ-IV questionnaire about patient safety on 7 point Likert scale. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and t-test was used to compare the mean score between two groups...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075381/a-checklist-to-help-faculty-assess-acgme-milestones-in-a-video-recorded-osce
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
L Jane Easdown, Marsha L Wakefield, Matthew S Shotwell, Michael R Sandison
BACKGROUND : Faculty members need to assess resident performance using the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Milestones. OBJECTIVE : In this randomized study we used an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) around the disclosure of an adverse event to determine whether use of a checklist improved the quality of milestone assessments by faculty. METHODS : In 2013, a total of 20 anesthesiology faculty members from 3 institutions were randomized to 2 groups to assess 5 videos of trainees demonstrating advancing levels of competency on the OSCE...
October 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052704/patients-experiences-with-communication-and-resolution-programs-after-medical-injury
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jennifer Moore, Marie Bismark, Michelle M Mello
Importance: Dissatisfaction with medical malpractice litigation has stimulated interest by health care organizations in developing alternatives to meet patients' needs after medical injury. In communication-and-resolution programs (CRPs), hospitals and liability insurers communicate with patients about adverse events, use investigation findings to improve patient safety, and offer compensation when substandard care caused harm. Despite increasing interest in this approach, little is known about patients' and family members' experiences with CRPs...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904910/complications-acknowledging-managing-and-coping-with-human-error
#19
REVIEW
Sevann Helo, Carol-Anne E Moulton
Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863125/ethical-considerations-on-disclosure-when-medical-error-is-discovered-during-medicolegal-death-investigation
#20
Dwayne A Wolf, Stacy A Drake, Francine K Snow
In the course of fulfilling their statutory role, physicians performing medicolegal investigations may recognize clinical colleagues' medical errors. If the error is found to have led directly to the patient's death (missed diagnosis or incorrect diagnosis, for example), then the forensic pathologist has a professional responsibility to include the information in the autopsy report and make sure that the family is appropriately informed. When the error is significant but did not lead directly to the patient's demise, ethical questions may arise regarding the obligations of the medical examiner to disclose the error to the clinicians or to the family...
December 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
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