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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350397/the-burden-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-in-auckland-new-zealand
#1
Ashwini Pondicherry, Richard Martin, Ineke Meredith, Jack Rolfe, Patrick Emanuel, Mark Elwood
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: As the New Zealand Cancer Registry does not require mandatory reporting of non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC), basal cell carcinomas (BCC) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), the clinical burden of these diseases is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients with histopathology performed allowed us to estimate invasive BCC and SCC in the Auckland region in 2008 (population 1.44 million). RESULTS: During this period, a total of 21 236 NMSC were diagnosed among 13 996 patients, consisting of 5611 SCC lesions (26%) and 15 525 (74%) BCC...
January 19, 2018: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324843/beta-hpv38-oncoproteins-act-with-a-hit-and-run-mechanism-in-ultraviolet-radiation-induced-skin-carcinogenesis-in-mice
#2
Daniele Viarisio, Karin Müller-Decker, Rosita Accardi, Alexis Robitaille, Matthias Dürst, Katrin Beer, Lars Jansen, Christa Flechtenmacher, Matthias Bozza, Richard Harbottle, Catherine Voegele, Maude Ardin, Jiri Zavadil, Sandra Caldeira, Lutz Gissmann, Massimo Tommasino
Cutaneous beta human papillomavirus (HPV) types are suspected to be involved, together with ultraviolet (UV) radiation, in the development of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Studies in in vitro and in vivo experimental models have highlighted the transforming properties of beta HPV E6 and E7 oncoproteins. However, epidemiological findings indicate that beta HPV types may be required only at an initial stage of carcinogenesis, and may become dispensable after full establishment of NMSC. Here, we further investigate the potential role of beta HPVs in NMSC using a Cre-loxP-based transgenic (Tg) mouse model that expresses beta HPV38 E6 and E7 oncogenes in the basal layer of the skin epidermis and is highly susceptible to UV-induced carcinogenesis...
January 2018: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315147/nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-risk-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-undergoing-thiopurine-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Joshua W Hagen, Melissa A Pugliano-Mauro
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine (thiopurines) are common adjunct treatments for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although thiopurine therapy in organ transplant recipients is known to increase nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), dermatologic literature yields less data regarding NMSC risk of thiopurine use in IBD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review current literature on NMSC risk in patients with IBD using thiopurine therapy...
January 8, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307647/subsequent-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-and-impact-of-immunosuppression-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#4
Pamela Funk-Debleds, Emilie Ducroux, Olivier Guillaud, José Ursic-Bedoya, Evelyne Decullier, Mélanie Vallin, Sylvie Euvrard, Georges-Philippe Pageaux, Olivier Boillot, Jérôme Dumortier
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) are the most frequent cancers in solid organ transplant recipients, with a high rate of subsequent tumors. OBJECTIVES: To describe subsequent NMSC in a large cohort of liver transplant recipients (LTR) with long follow-up, and to analyze the factors influencing it, including immunosuppressive regimen. METHODS: Ninety-eight LTR (76 male) with a personal post-transplant history of squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC), basal-cell carcinoma (BCC) or Bowen's disease were included, with a median follow-up of 12...
January 4, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303707/the-influence-of-disease-modifying-anti-rheumatic-drugs-and-corticosteroids-on-the-association-between-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-skin-cancer-a-nationwide-retrospective-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#5
Hui-Wen Tseng, Ling-Ying Lu, Hing-Chung Lam, Kuo-Wang Tsai, Wei-Chun Huang, Yow-Ling Shiue
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of corticosteroids and disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs, including conventional synthetic and biologic DMARDs) treatment on the association between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). METHODS: This nationwide retrospective case-control study retrieved data from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database during 1995-2013. Cases with newly-diagnosed NMSC (n=19,603) were matched with control without NMSC in a 1:1 ratio according to age, sex, and reference date...
December 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301499/coordinated-expression-and-genetic-polymorphisms-in-grainyhead-like-genes-in-human-non-melanoma-skin-cancers
#6
Agnieszka Kikulska, Tobias Rausch, Ewa Krzywinska, Magdalena Pawlak, Bartek Wilczynski, Vladimir Benes, Piotr Rutkowski, Tomasz Wilanowski
BACKGROUND: The Grainyhead-like (GRHL) transcription factors have been linked to many different types of cancer. However, no previous study has attempted to investigate potential correlations in expression of different GRHL genes in this context. Furthermore, there is very little information concerning damaging mutations and/or single nucleotide polymorphisms in GRHL genes that may be linked to cancer. METHODS: DNA and RNA were extracted from human non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) and adjacent normal tissues (n = 33 pairs of samples)...
January 4, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288096/comorbidity-scores-associated-with-limited-life-expectancy-in-the-very-elderly-with-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer
#7
Emma M Rogers, Karen L Connolly, Kishwer S Nehal, Stephen W Dusza, Anthony M Rossi, Erica Lee
BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) treatment in the very elderly, with some suggesting that this population may not live long enough to benefit from invasive treatments. Tools to assess limited life expectancy (LLE) exist, but performance in the very elderly NMSC population has not been well-defined. OBJECTIVE: Define comorbidity scores associated with LLE in the very elderly presenting for management of NMSC. METHODS: A retrospective review of 488 patients aged 85 or older presenting for NMSC management between July 1999 through December 2014 was performed...
December 26, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262420/neoplastic-multifocal-skin-lesions-biology-etiology-and-targeted-therapies-for-nonmelanoma-skin-cancers
#8
Ana R Fernandes, Ana C Santos, Elena Sanchez-Lopez, Andjekla B Kovačević, Marta Espina, Ana C Calpena, Francisco J Veiga, Maria L Garcia, Eliana B Souto
Neoplastic skin lesions are multifocal, diffuse skin infiltrations of particular relevance in the differential diagnosis of ulcerative, nodular, or crusting skin lesions. Nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), namely, basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and also actinic keratosis (AK), are the most common malignant tumors in humans. BCCs do not proliferate rapidly and most of the times do not metastasize, while SCCs are more infiltrative, metastatic, and destructive. AKs are precursor lesions of cutaneous SCCs...
December 21, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261131/histology-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-an-update
#9
REVIEW
Giovanni Paolino, Michele Donati, Dario Didona, Santo Raffaele Mercuri, Carmen Cantisani
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in humans. Several different non-melanoma skin cancers have been reported in the literature, with several histologic variants that frequently cause important differential diagnoses with other cutaneous tumors basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignant skin tumor, with different histologic variants that are associated with a greater or less aggressive behavior and that usually may be confused with other primitive skin tumors...
December 20, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226145/surgical-treatment-with-locoregional-flaps-for-the-eyelid-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Federico Lo Torto, Luigi Losco, Nicoletta Bernardini, Manfredi Greco, Gianluca Scuderi, Diego Ribuffo
Reconstruction of the eyelids after skin cancer excision can be challenging. Surgical treatment options are multiple; deep anatomy knowledge of lamellar components is mandatory to choose the most adequate surgical planning. Eyelids' role in vision and social relationship is critical; both function and aesthetics are tough to restore. Using a flap provides a satisfying texture and colour match with adjacent tissues and ensures short contraction during healing; furthermore, grafts are sometimes necessary to achieve pleasing results...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218279/non-metastatic-non-melanoma-skin-cancers-our-3-years-of-clinical-experiences
#11
Elif Sari
BACKGROUND: Nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSC) constitute the largest group of skin cancers. In this study, NMSCs were analyzed retrospectively. METHODS: Between June 2013 and March 2017, demographics and comorbidities of patients underwent reconstructive surgery for NMSC; their risk factors, types, diameters, differentiation, localizations, follow-up times, treatment methods and complications were compared and statistically analyzed. RESULTS: Totally, 163 tumors [111 basal cell carcinoma and 52 cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC)] were excized from 148 patients (63 females, 85 males)...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217346/hydrochlorothiazide-use-and-risk-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-a-nationwide-case-control-study-from-denmark
#12
Sidsel Arnspang, David Gaist, Sigrun Alba Johannesdottir Schmidt, Lisbet Rosenkrantz Hölmich, Søren Friis, Anton Pottegård
BACKGROUND: Hydrochlorothiazide, one of the most frequently used diuretic and antihypertensive drugs in the United States and Western Europe, is photosensitizing and has previously been linked to lip cancer. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hydrochlorothiazide use and the risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). METHODS: From the Danish Cancer Registry, we identified patients (cases) with NMSC during 2004-2012...
November 30, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190285/the-interplay-of-uv-and-cutaneous-papillomavirus-infection-in-skin-cancer-development
#13
Daniel Hasche, Sonja Stephan, Ilona Braspenning-Wesch, Julita Mikulec, Martina Niebler, Hermann-Josef Gröne, Christa Flechtenmacher, Baki Akgül, Frank Rösl, Sabrina E Vinzón
Cutaneous human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are considered as cofactors for non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) development, especially in association with UVB. Extensively studied transgenic mouse models failed to mimic all aspects of virus-host interactions starting from primary infection to the appearance of a tumor. Using the natural model Mastomys coucha, which reflects the human situation in many aspects, we provide the first evidence that only UVB and Mastomys natalensis papillomavirus (MnPV) infection strongly promote NMSC formation...
November 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187845/loss-of-genome-fidelity-beta-hpvs-and-the-dna-damage-response
#14
REVIEW
Sebastian O Wendel, Nicholas A Wallace
While the role of genus alpha human papillomaviruses in the tumorigenesis and tumor maintenance of anogenital and oropharyngeal cancers is well-established, the role of genus beta human papilloviruses (β-HPVs) in non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) is less certain. Persistent β-HPV infections cause NMSCs in sun-exposed skin of people with a rare genetic disorder, epidermodysplasia verruciformis. However, β-HPV infections in people without epidermodysplasia verruciformis are typically transient. Further, β-HPV gene expression is not necessary for tumor maintenance in the general population as on average there is fewer than one copy of the β-HPV genome per cell in NMSC tumor biopsies...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177692/dermatological-complications-after-solid-organ-transplantation
#15
REVIEW
Luigi Naldi, Anna Venturuzzo, Pietro Invernizzi
Organ transplant recipients (OTRs) are a population at high risk for cutaneous adverse events. Their early recognition and appropriate treatment is an important component of the clinical management of OTRs and should be optimally dealt with by dermatologists working in the context of a transplant dermatology clinic. Skin examination should be a standard procedure before performing organ transplantation to assess conditions which may be difficult to manage after the transplant procedure has been performed or which may represent a contraindication to transplantation, e...
November 25, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177149/basal-cell-carcinoma-in-a-childhood-cancer-survivor-what-neurosurgeons-should-avoid
#16
Zoe Apalla, Eleni Sotiriou, Aimilios Lallas, Elizabeth Lazaridou, Efstratios Vakirlis, Demetrios Ioannides
Among childhood cancer survivors (CCSs), non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common type of second malignancy. Morbidity related to the development of NMSC in this group of patients may be sometimes unpredictable and difficult to manage. We present the case of a 49-year-old female who was a CCS and developed giant superficial basal cell carcinomas (sBCCs) over the previously irradiated field of the scalp. BCC involved the atrophic skin overlying the catheter of the peritoneal cerebral shunt that was set there for the management of hydrocephalus...
October 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176098/incidence-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-in-the-uninsured
#17
Ashley Sturgeon, David Allen Pate, Ravi Patel, Katherine Snodgrass, Michelle Tarbox, Fiona Prabhu, Phillip Watkins
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a common reason for outpatient primary care visits. Uninsured patients may be at a higher risk for NMSC due to lack of access to health care and a possible increased risk of sun exposure due to insecure housing. The true incidence of NMSC in this population is unknown. In order to determine the population's incidence of NMSC we performed a retrospective chart review on all patients (n = 656) seen at the Lubbock Impact Free Clinic from July 1, 2014 through July 30, 2015. This highlighted an increased incidence of NMSC in our uninsured population (1...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171018/personal-history-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-diagnosis-and-death-from-melanoma-in-women
#18
Steven T Chen, Xin Li, Jiali Han
Melanoma incidence is increasing. We evaluated risk of melanoma death after diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). We followed 77,288 female American nurses from the Nurses' Health Study from 1986 to 2012. We used Cox proportional hazards models to determine the hazard ratio (HR) of lethal and non-lethal melanoma diagnosis and melanoma death, according to personal NMSC history. Among melanoma cases, we examined the HR of melanoma death and the odds ratio (OR) of melanoma with a Breslow thickness ≥0...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150868/patient-reported-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-and-actinic-keratosis-results-from-a-large-scale-observational-study-analysing-effects-of-diagnoses-and-disease-progression
#19
W G Philipp-Dormston, K Müller, B Novak, K Strömer, C Termeer, U Hammann, J Glutsch, G Kraehn-Senftleben, H Lübbert, M Koller, R M Szeimies
BACKGROUND: Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and actinic keratosis (AK) are very common among fair-skinned individuals. A disease continuum from AK to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been frequently postulated. AK and NMSC may influence quality of life (QL) of patients, and it can be suspected that disease progression entails a QL reduction. The purpose of this study was to document QL in patients with NMSC and AK using the health-outcome questionnaire EQ-5D-5L. METHODS: The study was designed as a non-interventional, prospective, cross-sectional study...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130624/efficiency-of-electrochemotherapy-with-reduced-bleomycin-dose-in-the-treatment-of-nonmelanoma-head-and-neck-skin-cancer-preliminary-results
#20
Ales Groselj, Masa Bosnjak, Primoz Strojan, Mojca Krzan, Maja Cemazar, Gregor Sersa
BACKGROUND: In the present study, effectiveness of electrochemotherapy was compared in patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) of the head and neck using standard and reduced doses of bleomycin. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients older than 65 years were prospectively treated with electrochemotherapy for nonmelanoma head and neck skin cancer. In the experimental group (n = 12 patients; 24 lesions), reduced bleomycin doses (10 000 IU/m(2) ) were used. In the control group (n = 16 patients; 28 lesions), the standard bleomycin doses (15 000 IU/m(2) ) were used...
November 11, 2017: Head & Neck
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