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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042713/trivial-molecules-may-prevent-or-hamper-tooth-decay-a-potential-voyaged
#1
EDITORIAL
S G Damle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990466/task-dependent-cold-stress-during-expeditions-in-antarctic-environments
#2
Drew M Morris, June J Pilcher, Robert B Powell
This study seeks to understand the degree of body cooling, cold perception and physical discomfort during Antarctic tour excursions. Eight experienced expedition leaders across three Antarctic cruise voyages were monitored during occupational tasks: kayaking, snorkelling and zodiac outings. Subjective cold perception and discomfort were recorded using a thermal comfort assessment and skin temperature was recorded using a portable data logger. Indoor cabin temperature and outdoor temperature with wind velocity were used as measures of environmental stress...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983042/a-fantastic-voyage-in-genomics
#3
Laura M Zahn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968434/data-reconstruction-can-improve-abundance-index-estimation-an-example-using-taiwanese-longline-data-for-pacific-bluefin-tuna
#4
Shui-Kai Chang, Hung-I Liu, Hiromu Fukuda, Mark N Maunder
Catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) is often the main piece of information used in fisheries stock assessment; however, the catch and effort data that are traditionally compiled from commercial logbooks can be incomplete or unreliable due to many reasons. Pacific bluefin tuna (PBF) is a seasonal target species in the Taiwanese longline fishery. Since 2010, detailed catch information for each PBF has been made available through a catch documentation scheme. However, previously, only market landing data with a low coverage of logbooks were available...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940259/efficacy-of-guselkumab-in-subpopulations-of-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-phase-3-voyage-1-and-voyage-2-studies
#5
K B Gordon, A Blauvelt, P Foley, M Song, Y Wasfi, B Randazzo, Y K Shen, Y You, C E M Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of guselkumab in patient subgroups with moderate-to-severe psoriasis from the pooled guselkumab VOYAGE 1 and VOYAGE 2 Phase 3 studies. METHODS: Using data from the pooled VOYAGE 1 and VOYAGE 2 psoriasis studies, analyses were performed to evaluate the consistency of efficacy (Investigator's Global Assessment [IGA] 0/1 [cleared or minimal psoriasis] and IGA 0 [cleared]) across subpopulations defined by demographics, baseline disease characteristics, and previous psoriasis treatment...
September 22, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931133/a-descriptive-study-of-advising-practices-during-travel-health-consultations-in-france
#6
C Marchand, F Merrina, R Gagnayre, O Bouchaud
Background: Recommendations for improving traveler adherence address both the content of the advice given and the structure of the consultation. The objective of this article is to describe how travel health consultations are structured in France. Methods: A questionnaire based on both theoretical foundations and recommendations in the literature was sent to health professionals who practice in travel clinics, all of them members of France's Société de Médecine des Voyages...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863328/effects-of-age-gender-and-statin-dose-on-lipid-levels-results-from-the-voyager-meta-analysis-database
#7
Björn W Karlson, Michael K Palmer, Stephen J Nicholls, Philip J Barter, Pia Lundman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The effectiveness of statins in the treatment of dyslipidaemia and reduction of cardiovascular risk is well established. However, the association of statin-mediated lipid effects with age and gender is unclear. This study aimed to determine whether age and gender are associated with statin-mediated changes in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and non-HDL-C. METHODS: Individual patient data (n = 32,258) were obtained from VOYAGER...
August 19, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836599/space-science-voyager-at-40
#8
Alexandra Witze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757485/francis-bacon-s-i-valerius-terminus-i-and-the-voyage-to-the-great-instauration
#9
Richard Serjeantson
Francis Bacon's earliest surviving natural philosophical treatise (composed circa 1603) bears the title Valerius Terminus of the Interpretation of Nature. This study, resting on fresh attention to the surviving authorial manuscript, has three goals. It begins by identifying a lost precursor work apparently entitled "Of Active Knowledge." It then examines the significance of the pseudonyms Bacon chose to introduce his ideas, considering especially his invocation of Erasmus's emblem, the Roman deity Terminus...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753364/novel-cosmic-ray-electron-and-positron-constraints-on-mev-dark-matter-particles
#10
Mathieu Boudaud, Julien Lavalle, Pierre Salati
MeV dark matter (DM) particles annihilating or decaying to electron-positron pairs cannot, in principle, be observed via local cosmic-ray (CR) measurements because of the shielding solar magnetic field. In this Letter, we take advantage of spacecraft Voyager 1's capacity for detecting interstellar CRs since it crossed the heliopause in 2012. This opens up a new avenue to probe DM in the sub-GeV energy/mass range that we exploit here for the first time. From a complete description of the transport of electrons and positrons at low energy, we derive predictions for both the secondary astrophysical background and the pair production mechanisms relevant to DM annihilation or decay down to the MeV mass range...
July 14, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743677/maiden-voyage-of-the-collaborative-cross-mouse-exploring-variability-in-animals-response-to-perchloroethylene
#11
Charles W Schmidt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 24, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741379/tiny-rnas-and-their-voyage-via-extracellular-vesicles-secretion-of-bacterial-small-rna-and-eukaryotic-microrna
#12
REVIEW
Ji-Woong Choi, Jee-Hyun Um, Jin-Hyun Cho, Heon-Jin Lee
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs that bind to the 3'-untranslated region of target mRNAs and have transcriptional or translational inhibitory function in eukaryotes. Before microRNAs were widely known, bacterial non-coding small RNAs around 50-200 nt in length were discovered whose mechanism of action resembled that of microRNAs. Recently, RNAs that are of similar size to or smaller than microRNAs have been discovered in bacteria and indeed, this class of small RNAs have been found throughout all domains of life...
September 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691800/three-lessons-for-the-microplastics-voyage
#13
David Sedlak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689044/voyaging-into-the-third-dimension-a-perspective-on-virtual-methods-and-their-application-to-studies-of-juvenile-sex-estimation-and-the-ontogeny-of-sexual-dimorphism
#14
REVIEW
L A B Wilson, L T Humphrey
In contrast to the well-established and highly accurate morphological methods available for sexing adult skeletons, juvenile sex estimation is widely recognised as a difficult task that faces a series of challenges. The acquisition of 3D data, and construction of 3D models from volume or surface scans, has become increasingly common in forensic sciences, and these data offer considerable opportunity for the development and refinement of methods in sex estimation. The suitability and potential of virtual methods for juvenile sex estimation are evaluated with the aims of identifying (1) the benefits and challenges associated with virtual data and quantitative analysis of 3D models, and (2) pathways that may lead to practical improvements for sexing juveniles...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660617/exploring-the-core-of-crew-resource-management-course-speak-up-or-stay-silent
#15
Roar Espevik, Evelyn Rose Saus, Olav Kjellvold Olsen
The Norwegian Costal Express travels 24/7 along a coast considered as one of the most dangerous littoral areas of the world. It is crucial for safe voyage to speak up when one of the crewmembers discovers a discrepancy or vital new information to the passage that needs to be shared and acted upon. Crew resource management courses are intended to increase safety and we suggest that the key is to enhance the ability to speak up. Watch keepers valued a 4-h course intended to enhance the ability to speak up and improve listening skills as highly relevant (89%) and educational (69%)...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660614/seafarers-depression-and-suicide
#16
Alex Mellbye, Tim Carter
This review assesses available evidence on the frequency of and trends in depression and suicide among seafarers. Investigations of depression and suicide are scarce and the findings are inconsistent, they do, nevertheless, show indications of improvement although some recent case series do indicate that suicide remains a problem. A review of additional indicators for mental distress and lack of wellbeing supports the decline in frequency of problems, but nuances this in terms of the relative risks in different groups of seafarers, showing internal variations in the frequency of mental health issues among seafarers, with markers such as rank, type of voyage, gender, age, nationality and crew multiculturalism being relevant variables...
2017: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639011/guselkumab-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-a-review-of-phase-iii-trials
#17
REVIEW
Mio Nakamura, Katherine Lee, Caleb Jeon, Sahil Sekhon, Ladan Afifi, Di Yan, Kristina Lee, Tina Bhutani
INTRODUCTION: Interleukin (IL)-23 inhibitors are a new class of biologics currently undergoing clinical trials for the treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Phase III studies of guselkumab, an IL-23 receptor monoclonal antibody, are currently underway. METHODS: We summarize the available phase III results to date, establishing the efficacy and safety of guselkumab in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. RESULTS: Currently, there are available data of up to 48 weeks from two Phase III, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo- and comparator-controlled clinical trials, VOYAGE 1 and VOYAGE 2...
June 21, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638964/ships-ballast-water-treatment-by-chlorination-can-generate-toxic-trihalomethanes
#18
Marco R Hernandez, Nargis Ismail, Ken G Drouillard, Hugh J MacIsaac
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) will enforce a new abundance-based performance standard for ballast water in September, 2017. Strong oxidants, like chlorine, have been proposed as a method for achieving this standard. However chlorine treatment of ballast water can produce hazardous trihalomethanes. We assessed maximum trihalomethane production from one chlorine dose for three types of ballast water (fresh, brackish and marine) and three levels of total organic carbon (TOC) concentration (natural, filtered, enhanced)...
August 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633358/phylogeography-of-herbarium-specimens-of-asexually-propagated-paper-mulberry-broussonetia-papyrifera-l-l-h%C3%A3-r-ex-vent-moraceae-reveals-genetic-diversity-across-the-pacific
#19
Claudia Payacan, Ximena Moncada, Gloria Rojas, Andrew Clarke, Kuo-Fang Chung, Robin Allaby, Daniela Seelenfreund, Andrea Seelenfreund
Background and Aims: Paper mulberry or Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. (Moraceae) is a dioecious species native to continental South-east Asia and East Asia, including Taiwan, that was introduced to the Pacific by pre-historic voyagers and transported intentionally and propagated asexually across the full range of Austronesian expansion from Taiwan to East Polynesia. The aim of this study was to gain insight into the dispersal of paper mulberry into Oceania through the genetic analysis of herbaria samples which represent a more complete coverage of the historical geographical range of the species in the Pacific before later introductions and local extinctions occurred...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625674/regional-cerebral-cortical-thickness-correlates-with-autonomic-outflow
#20
REVIEW
Katelyn N Wood, Mark B Badrov, Mark R Speechley, J Kevin Shoemaker
Dysregulation of autonomic control often develops with advancing age, favoring a chronic state of heightened sympathetic outflow with parasympathetic withdrawal. However, the mechanisms of this age-related autonomic impairment are not known. This study tested the hypothesis that inter-individual differences in autonomic outflow across the adult age-span are related to cerebral cortex thickness. A total of 55 healthy, active individuals participated in this study (21-73years; 18 female). Physical fitness was treated as a possible covariate (VO2peak: 26-81mL/kg/min)...
June 7, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
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