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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427059/the-burden-of-diabetes-emerging-data
#1
Paola Maffi, Antonio Secchi
In recent times, the global prevalence of diabetes has increased substantially, reaching 8.3% in 2014, which corresponds to 387 million patients. Studies in Europe and USA have shown increased incidence of type 1 Diabetes (T1D) over time at a rate of 3-5% per year. Another most worrying feature of the rapid increase of diabetes is the emergence of type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in children, adolescents, and young adults. The well-known behavioral risks factors and epigenetic mechanisms recently observed require an integrated approach to prevent T2D...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426850/second-primary-malignant-neoplasms-and-survival-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#2
Theresa H M Keegan, Archie Bleyer, Aaron S Rosenberg, Qian Li, Melanie Goldfarb
Importance: Although the increased incidence of second primary malignant neoplasms (SPMs) is a well-known late effect after cancer, few studies have compared survival after an SPM to survival of the same cancer occurring as first primary malignant neoplasm (PM) by age. Objective: To assess the survival impact of SPMs in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) (15-39 years) compared with that of pediatric (<15 years) and older adult (≥40 years) patients with the same SPMs...
April 20, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426620/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#3
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426615/committee-opinion-no-699-adolescent-pregnancy-contraception-and-sexual-activity
#4
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the birth rate among U.S. adolescents and young adults (aged 15-19 years) reached a historic low at 22.3 per 1,000 women. Despite positive trends, the United States continues to have the highest adolescent pregnancy rate among industrialized countries with data. Racial and ethnic disparities in adolescent pregnancy rates continue to exist, as do state-based differences in pregnancy, birth, and abortion rates. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports access for adolescents to all contraceptive methods approved by the U...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426393/a-systematic-literature-review-of-experiences-of-professional-care-and-support-among-people-who-self-harm
#5
Britt-Marie Lindgren, Carl Göran Svedin, Sophie Werkö
Background Self-harm is an increasing phenomenon among young people, with potentially fatal outcomes. Patient's perceptions of treatment and support are poorly documented. Aim The aim was to synthesise the experiences of those who self-harm, with special reference to professional care and support by family, friends and the school system. Method A systematic review of the literature was conducted. Results Following retrieval of 1,623 abstracts, 14 studies were included in the final analysis, 11 of which are reported here...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424902/physical-and-psychosocial-aspects-of-adolescent-and-young-adults-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-results-from-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#6
Kristin Pulewka, Daniel Wolff, Philipp Y Herzberg, Hildegard Greinix, Pia Heussner, Friederike H A Mumm, Stephanie von Harsdorf, Kathrin Rieger, Philipp Hemmati, Andreas Hochhaus, Inken Hilgendorf
PURPOSE: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is physically and psychosocially demanding. Among transplant recipients, adolescent and young adults (AYA) represent a special group, as disease occurs early in life, resulting in the prospect of long survival time and high burden of alloHSCT sequelae. However, data focusing on AYA undergoing alloHSCT are rare. METHODS: Data resulting from a prospective multicenter trial initially focusing on graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) after alloHSCT were reused to analyse the differences between AYA and elderly patients...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424888/posttraumatic-growth-and-well-being-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-ayas-with-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#7
O Husson, B Zebrack, R Block, L Embry, C Aguilar, B Hayes-Lattin, S Cole
PURPOSE: This study examines posttraumatic growth (PTG) among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer, as well as its correlates and trajectories over time. The study also explores the buffering role of PTG on the associations between posttraumatic stress (PTS), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and psychological distress. METHODS: A multicenter, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted among AYA cancer patients aged 14-39 years. One hundred sixty-nine patients completed a self-report measure of PTG (PTGI) and PTS (PDS) 6, 12, and 24 months after baseline (within the first 4 months of diagnosis)...
April 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#8
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424061/young-people-mental-health-practitioners-and-researchers-co-produce-a-transition-preparation-programme-to-improve-outcomes-and-experience-for-young-people-leaving-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-camhs
#9
Valerie Dunn
BACKGROUND: In the UK young people attending child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) are required to move on, either through discharge or referral to an adult service, at age 17/18, a period of increased risk for onset of mental health problems and other complex psychosocial and physical changes. CAMHS transitions are often poorly managed with negative outcomes for young people. Better preparation may improve outcomes and experience. This study aimed to co-produce, with young people who had transitioned or were facing transition from CAMHS, a CAMHS Transition Preparation Programme (TPP), deliverable in routine NHS settings...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424016/acute-brain-injury-following-illicit-drug-abuse-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-spectrum-of-neuroimaging-findings
#10
Shai Shrot, Andrea Poretti, Elizabeth W Tucker, Bruno P Soares, Thierry Agm Huisman
The use of illicit drugs is currently a major medical problem among adolescents. Several illicit drugs have a high abuse potential and can be neurotoxic causing high morbidity and mortality. The clinical manifestation of adolescents with acute drug-induced neurotoxicity is often characterized by non-specific symptoms and findings. Early diagnosis is important to prevent death and permanent long-term neurological impairments. We report on clinical and neuroimaging findings in five adolescents with acute brain imaging following illicit drug intoxication to highlight the role of neuroimaging findings in the diagnostic work-up of pediatric acute drug-induced neurotoxicity...
April 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422548/epidemiological-profile-and-treatment-outcomes-in-young-adults-19-29-years-of-age-treated-for-cancer-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#11
Victor Hugo Fonseca de Jesus, Taynan Nunes Ribeiro, Ludmilla T Domingos Chinen, Vanessa Alves, Maria Paula Curado, Marcello Ferretti Fanelli
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the incidence of cancer in young adults (20-39 years) is increasing, and represents an important cause of mortality in this age group. A retrospective study was undertaken to provide information that may lead to improved treatment outcomes. METHODS: Epidemiological, clinicopathological, treatment, and survival information were retrieved from the electronic database registry of a tertiary referral hospital in São Paulo, Brazil for patients 19-29 years of age diagnosed with cancer between January 2007 and December 2012...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422391/mr-elastography-detection-of-early-viscoelastic-response-of-the-murine-hippocampus-to-amyloid-%C3%AE-accumulation-and-neuronal-cell-loss-due-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Tonia Munder, Anna Pfeffer, Stefanie Schreyer, Jing Guo, Juergen Braun, Ingolf Sack, Barbara Steiner, Charlotte Klein
PURPOSE: To investigate in vivo viscoelastic parameters related to early histopathological changes in the hippocampus and the cortex in early, preclinical Alzheimer's disease (AD) stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) was applied to female APP23 mice, an established transgenic mouse model of AD, at three different stages early in disease progression. To investigate the potential therapeutic effects of physical, cognitive, and social stimulation on brain viscoelasticity and histopathological characteristics, MRE was also applied after exposing young APP23 mice to environmentally enriched cage conditions (ENR), for 1, 12, or 24 weeks, which corresponds to adolescent, young-adult, and adult age at the time of analysis...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421617/eveningness-and-later-sleep-timing-are-associated-with-greater-risk-for-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-in-adolescence-initial-findings-from-the-ncanda-study
#13
Brant P Hasler, Peter L Franzen, Massimiliano de Zambotti, Devin Prouty, Sandra A Brown, Susan F Tapert, Adolf Pfefferbaum, Kilian M Pohl, Edith V Sullivan, Michael D De Bellis, Bonnie J Nagel, Fiona C Baker, Ian M Colrain, Duncan B Clark
BACKGROUND: Abundant cross-sectional evidence links eveningness (a preference for later sleep-wake timing) and increased alcohol and drug use among adolescents and young adults. However, longitudinal studies are needed to examine whether eveningness is a risk factor for subsequent alcohol and drug use, particularly during adolescence, which is marked by parallel peaks in eveningness and risk for the onset of alcohol use disorders. The present study examined whether eveningness and other sleep characteristics were associated with concurrent or subsequent substance involvement in a longitudinal study of adolescents...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421613/intoxication-related-amed-alcohol-mixed-with-energy-drink-expectancies-scale-initial-development-and-validation
#14
Kathleen E Miller, Kurt H Dermen, Joseph F Lucke
BACKGROUND: Young adult use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmEDs) has been linked with elevated risks for a constellation of problem behaviors. These risks may be conditioned by expectancies regarding the effects of caffeine in conjunction with alcohol consumption. The aim of this study was to describe the construction and psychometric evaluation of the Intoxication-Related AmED Expectancies Scale (AmED_EXPI), 15 self-report items measuring beliefs about how the experience of AmED intoxication differs from the experience of noncaffeinated alcohol (NCA) intoxication...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421391/epidemiology-of-suicide-attempts-among-youth-transitioning-to-adulthood
#15
Martie P Thompson, Kevin Swartout
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for older adolescents and young adults. Although empirical literature has identified important risk factors of suicidal behavior, it is less understood if changes in risk factors correspond with changes in suicide risk. To address this knowledge gap, we assessed if there were different trajectories of suicidal behavior as youth transition into young adulthood and determined what time-varying risk factors predicted these trajectories. This study used four waves of data spanning approximately 13 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420661/person-centred-transition-programme-to-empower-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-the-transition-to-adulthood-a-study-protocol-for-a-hybrid-randomised-controlled-trial-stepstones-project
#16
Mariela Acuña Mora, Carina Sparud-Lundin, Ewa-Lena Bratt, Philip Moons
INTRODUCTION: When a young person grows up, they evolve from an independent child to an empowered adult. If an individual has a chronic condition, this additional burden may hamper adequate development and independence. Transition programmes for young persons with chronic disorders aim to provide the necessary skills for self-management and participation in care. However, strong evidence on the effects of these interventions is lacking. Therefore, as part of the STEPSTONES project (Swedish Transition Effects Project Supporting Teenagers with chrONic mEdical conditionS), we propose a trial to assess the effectiveness of a structured, person-centred transition programme to empower adolescents with congenital heart disease in the transition to adulthood...
April 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420379/distribution-and-symmetrical-patellofemoral-pain-patterns-as-revealed-by-high-resolution-3d-body-mapping-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
S A Boudreau, E N Kamavuako, M S Rathleff
BACKGROUND: Detailed pain mapping of extent and distribution in individuals with patellofemoral pain (PFP) within and around a complex structure such as the knee has yet to be explored. METHODS: Perceptions of on-going pain from adolescents and young adults (N = 35) with long-standing (>10 months) PFP were collected on high-resolution 3D digital body-schema of the knees. Location, area of pain, pain intensity, laterality, worse side of knee pain, symptom duration, and symmetry in bilateral knee pain were recorded...
April 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419062/single-center-study-investigating-foreign-language-acquisition-at-school-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-uni-or-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-the-swiss-german-population
#18
Renske Beeres-Scheenstra, Claudia Ohnsorg, Claudia Candreia, Sybille Heinzmann, Susana Castellanos, Nicola De Min, Thomas E Linder
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate foreign language acquisition at school in cochlear implant patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: CI center. PATIENTS: Forty three cochlear implants (CI) patients (10-18 yr) were evaluated. CI nonusers and patients with CI-explantation, incomplete datasets, mental retardation, or concomitant medical disorders were excluded. INTERVENTION(S): Additional data (type of schooling, foreign language learning, and bilingualism) were obtained with questionnaires...
April 17, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418325/variation-in-music-player-listening-level-as-a-function-of-campus-location
#19
Yunea Park, Diana Guercio, Victoria Ledon, Colleen G Le Prell
BACKGROUND: There has been significant discussion in the literature regarding music player use by adolescents and young adults, including whether device use is driving an increase in hearing loss in these populations. While many studies report relatively safe preferred listening levels, some studies with college student participants have reported listening habits that may put individuals at risk for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) if those listening habits continue over the long term...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417612/fatigue-and-its-relationship-to-physical-activity-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Frederike van Markus-Doornbosch, Jorit Meesters, Laurika Kraaij, Ron Wolterbeek, Thea Vliet Vlieland
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) may be impaired leading to secondary health issues and limitations in participation. AIM: This study aims to determine the level of PA and its determinants in adolescents and young adults with TBI. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. SETTING: Outpatient clinic of a rehabilitation centre. POPULATION: Discharged patients aged 12-39 years with a diagnosis of TBI >6 months treated in the rehabilitation centre between 2009-2012...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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