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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817556/risk-behaviors-for-contact-lens-related-eye-infections-among-adults-and-adolescents-united-states-2016
#1
Jennifer R Cope, Sarah A Collier, Hannah Nethercut, Jefferson M Jones, Kirsten Yates, Jonathan S Yoder
Contact lens-related eye infections, which can lead to serious outcomes, including blindness, are associated with several risk factors, including sleeping in lenses, exposing lenses to water, not adhering to replacement schedules, and reusing disinfecting solution (1). In some studies, adolescent and young adult contact lens wearers have been reported to be more likely than older adult contact lens wearers to develop eye infections (2,3) and more likely to have poor contact lens hygiene practices (2). In 2015, CDC reported the number and demographics of adult contact lens wearers in the United States to define the population at risk for contact lens-related eye infections (4); however, this estimate did not include adolescents...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817427/what-predicts-ongoing-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-comparison-between-persistent-and-ceased-self-injury-in-emerging-adults
#2
Glenn Kiekens, Penelope Hasking, Ronny Bruffaerts, Laurence Claes, Imke Baetens, Mark Boyes, Philippe Mortier, Koen Demyttenaere, Janis Whitlock
Although nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) peaks in adolescence, a significant proportion of young people continue to self-injure into emerging adulthood. Yet, little is known about factors prospectively associated with persistent NSSI. Using data from a 3-year longitudinal study (n = 1466), we compared 51 emerging adults (67.3% female; average age, 20.0 years) who continued to self-injure from adolescence and 50 emerging adults (83.7% female; average age, 20.3 years) who had ceased NSSI, on a broad range of psychosocial factors...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815427/learning-about-love-a-meta-analytic-study-of-individually-oriented-relationship-education-programs-for-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#3
David M Simpson, Nathan D Leonhardt, Alan J Hawkins
Despite recent policy initiatives and substantial federal funding of individually oriented relationship education programs for youth, there have been no meta-analytic reviews of this growing field. This meta-analytic study draws on 17 control-group studies and 13 one-group/pre-post studies to evaluate the effectiveness of relationship education programs on adolescents' and emerging adults' relationship knowledge, attitudes, and skills. Overall, control-group studies produced a medium effect (d = .36); one-group/pre-post studies also produced a medium effect (d = ...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815358/friendship-attachment-style-moderates-the-effect-of-adolescent-exposure-to-violence-on-emerging-adult-depression-and-anxiety-trajectories
#4
Justin E Heinze, Stephanie H Cook, Erica P Wood, Anne C Dumadag, Marc A Zimmerman
Exposure to violence during adolescence is associated with increased risk behaviors and mental health problems in adulthood. Friendship attachment during adolescence may, however, mitigate the negative effects of exposure to violence on trajectories of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. In this study, we used growth curve modeling to examine associations between exposure to violence and mental health outcomes, followed by multi-group analyses with friendship attachment as the moderator. The sample was drawn from a longitudinal study (12 waves; 1994-2012) of 676 (54% female) urban high school students...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814414/amblyopia-and-strabismus-trends-in-prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-young-adults-in-israel
#5
Yinon Shapira, Yossy Machluf, Michael Mimouni, Yoram Chaiter, Eedy Mezer
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of amblyopia, present strabismus and amblyopia risk factors (ARFs) among young adults in Israel and to analyse trends over time of prevalence rates. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study including 107 608 pre-enlistees aged 17.4±0.6 years born between 1971 and 1994. Across the birth years, the following trends of prevalence rates among young adults were analysed: prevalence of amblyopia, prevalence of strabismus, severity of amblyopia and prevalence of ARFs (strabismsus, anisometropia and isoametropia)...
August 16, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814369/intraosseous-leiomyoma-of-the-jaw-in-an-adolescent
#6
Adaia Valls-Ontañón, Laura Pozuelo-Arquimbau, Gemma Mateu-Esquerda, Carlos Arranz-Obispo, Sílvia Cuscó-Albors, Mireia Melero-Luque, Arnaud Morla, Antoni Marí-Roig
Leiomyoma is a benign tumor of the smooth muscle that rarely occurs in the mouth as an intraosseous lesion. The purposes of this paper are to: (1) present a case of an intraosseous solid leiomyoma of the mandible in a 13-year-old child, who presented with a well-defined unilocular radiolucency in the right mandible incidentally discovered during a routine dental radiographic examination; and (2) conduct a review of the literature to describe clinicopathological features and management of intraosseous jaw leiomyoma (IJL)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814100/suicidal-behaviour-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-self-reported-chronic-illness
#7
Mark A Ferro, Anne E Rhodes, Melissa Kimber, Laura Duncan, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades, Andrea Gonzalez, Harriet L MacMillan
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to estimate the: (1) 12-mo prevalence of suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts in a population sample of adolescents and young adults with and without chronic illness; (2) associations among chronic illness and suicidal thoughts and behaviour (STB); and, (3) moderating roles of mood and substance use disorder on this association. METHOD: Individuals were aged 15 to 30 y ( n = 5,248) from the Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804381/the-distribution-and-the-functions-of-autobiographical-memories-why-do-older-adults-remember-autobiographical-memories-from-their-youth
#8
Tabea Wolf, Daniel Zimprich
In the present study, the distribution of autobiographical memories was examined from a functional perspective: we examined whether the extent to which long-term autobiographical memories were rated as having a self-, a directive, or a social function affects the location (mean age) and scale (standard deviation) of the memory distribution. Analyses were based on a total of 5598 autobiographical memories generated by 149 adults aged between 50 and 81 years in response to 51 cue-words. Participants provided their age at the time when the recalled events had happened and rated how frequently they recall these events for self-, directive, and social purposes...
September 2016: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810382/age-moderates-the-relationship-between-source-of-social-support-and-mental-health-in-racial-minority-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youth
#9
Anna E Wise, Brian C Smith, Aaron P Armelie, Jessica M Boarts, Douglas L Delahanty
We examined the relationship between source of social support and mental health (and the moderating impact of age) in 64 low socioeconomic status, racial minority lesbian, gay, and bisexual adolescents/young adults. Social support from family ( β = -.302, p = .03; β = -.364, p = .008), but not friends or significant others, was independently related to posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms, respectively. Family social support was associated with lower posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms in participants aged 16-19 years, while friend social support was associated with lower symptoms for participants aged over 20 years...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810372/support-and-conflict-in-relationships-and-psychological-health-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#10
Joseph S Kay, Vanessa Juth, Roxane Cohen Silver, Leonard S Sender
Perceived support and conflict between adolescents and young adults with cancer and their primary caregivers, other family, close friends, and medical staff were examined in relation to adolescents and young adults' psychological health. Adolescents and young adults ( n = 115, 51% male, ages 12-24 years, M (standard deviation)  = 16.07 (2.29)) in outpatient cancer treatment perceived more support and conflict within familial relationships than other relationships. Among familial relationships, perceived support and conflict were associated with psychological health; within other relationships, only support was associated with psychological health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809769/adverse-experiences-in-childhood-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk-from-adolescence-into-adulthood
#11
Stephanie London, Kelly Quinn, Joy D Scheidell, B Christopher Frueh, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse, has been found to be associated with sexual risk behaviors later in life. We aimed to evaluate associations between a broad range of childhood traumas and sexual risk behaviors from adolescence into adulthood. METHODS: Using data from Waves I, III and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we used logistic regression to estimate the unadjusted odds ratio (OR) and adjusted OR (AOR) for associations between 9 childhood traumas and a cumulative trauma score and three sexual risk outcomes (multiple partnerships, sex trade involvement, and sexually transmitted infection [STI]) in adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807769/reduced-intensity-haploidentical-bone-marrow-transplantation-with-post-transplant-cyclophosphamide-for-solid-tumors-in-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients
#12
Nicolas J Llosa, Kenneth R Cooke, Allen Chen, Christopher Gamper, Orly Klein, Elias Zambidis, Brandon Luber, Gary Rosner, Nicholas Siegel, Mary Jo Holuba, Nancy Robey, Masanori Hayashi, Richard J Jones, Ephraim Fuchs, Matthias Holdhoff, David M Loeb, Heather J Symons
High risk, recurrent, or refractory solid tumors in pediatric, adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients have an extremely poor prognosis despite current intensive treatment regimens. We piloted an allogeneic bone marrow transplant (alloBMT) platform using a reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) and partially HLA-mismatched (haploidentical) related donors for this population of pediatric and AYA solid tumor patients. Sixteen patients received a fludarabine, cyclophosphamide (Cy), melphalan and low dose total body irradiation (TBI) RIC haploidentical BMT (haploBMT) followed by post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and sirolimus...
August 11, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807597/reference-values-of-intrinsic-muscle-strength-of-the-hand-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Chao-Ying Chen, Corey W McGee, Tonya L Rich, Cecília N Prudente, Bernadette T Gillick
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional clinical measurement study. INTRODUCTION: Measuring intrinsic hand muscle strength helps evaluate hand function or therapeutic outcomes. However, there are no established normative values in adolescents and young adults between 13 and 20 years of age. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To measure hand intrinsic muscle strength and identify associated factors that may influence such in adolescents and young adults through use of the Rotterdam intrinsic hand myometer...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806860/patient-caregiver-and-provider-perceptions-of-pain-and-pain-management-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-bleeding-disorders
#14
Angela Lambing, Cynthia D Nichols, James E Munn, Terry L Anderson, Bartholomew J Tortella, Michelle L Witkop
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent bleeding and associated pain are critical components in the management of bleeding disorders, yet scant data describe perceptions of pain in this patient population. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed perceptions of pain and pain management in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with haemophilia or von Willebrand disease (VWD) to determine agreement/disagreement between patients, caregivers and health care providers. METHODS: Using an online questionnaire, AYA patients (N=89), their caregivers (N=77), and providers (N=54) reported on pain perception, pain treatment and pain control...
August 14, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806639/a-developmental-etiological-model-for-drug-abuse-in-men
#15
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Alexis C Edwards, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: We attempt to develop a relatively comprehensive structural model of risk factors for drug abuse (DA) in Swedish men that illustrates developmental and mediational processes. METHODS: We examined 20 risk factors for DA in 48,369 men undergoing conscription examinations in 1969-70 followed until 2011 when 2.34% (n=1134) of them had DA ascertained in medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. Risk factors were organized into four developmental tiers reflecting i) birth, ii) childhood/early adolescence, iii) late adolescence, and iv) young adulthood...
July 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805953/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-early-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study-ccss
#16
Katie A Devine, Ann C Mertens, John A Whitton, Carmen L Wilson, Kirsten K Ness, Jordan Gilleland Marchak, Wendy Leisenring, Kevin C Oeffinger, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin R Krull
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate concurrent and longitudinal associations between psychosocial functioning and physical activity in adolescent and young adult survivors of early childhood cancer. METHODS: Adolescent survivors of early childhood cancer (diagnosed before age four) participating in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study completed the Coping Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE; n=303; mean age at survey 17.6 years). A subset of these survivors (n=248) completed a follow-up survey an average of 6...
August 14, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805113/hospitalized-adolescents-perception-of-dignity-a-qualitative-study
#17
Neda Jamalimoghadam, Shahrzad Yektatalab, Marzieh Momennasab, Abbas Ebadi, Najaf Zare
BACKGROUND: Adolescents can be vulnerable to diminished dignity in the hospital because young people have significantly different healthcare needs than children and adults. They like to cooperate with caregivers only when they get respectful and dignified care. Care without considering dignity can adversely influence the adolescents' recovery. However, many studies have been conducted on exploring the concept of the patients' dignity from the adult patients and fewer studies still have explored the dignity of young people...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804966/associations-of-parental-alcohol-use-disorders-and-parental-separation-with-offspring-initiation-of-alcohol-cigarette-and-cannabis-use-and-sexual-debut-in-high-risk-families
#18
Vivia V McCutcheon, Arpana Agrawal, Sally I-Chun Kuo, Jinni Su, Danielle M Dick, Jacquelyn L Meyers, Howard J Edenberg, John I Nurnberger, John R Kramer, Samuel Kuperman, Marc A Schuckit, Victor M Hesselbrock, Andrew Brooks, Bernice Porjesz, Kathleen K Bucholz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Parental alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and parental separation are associated with increased risk for early use of alcohol in offspring, but whether they increase risks for early use of other substances and for early sexual debut is under-studied. We focused on associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with substance initiation and sexual debut to (1) test the strength of the associations of parental AUDs and parental separation with time to initiation (age in years) of alcohol, tobacco, and cannabis use, and sexual debut, and (2) compare the strength of association of parental AUD and parental separation with initiation...
August 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803748/management-and-prognosis-of-ovarian-yolk-sac-tumors-an-analysis-of-the-national-cancer-data-base
#19
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Eloise Chapman-Davis, Melissa K Frey, Thomas A Caputo, Kevin Holcomb
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinico-pathological characteristics, management and prognosis of women diagnosed with ovarian yolk sac tumors (OYSTs). METHODS: The U.S National Cancer Data Base was queried for women diagnosed with OYST between 2004 and 2014. Overall survival (OS) was calculated following generation of Kaplan-Meir curves. Univariate analysis was performed with the log-rank test. A Cox model was constructed to determine independent predictors of mortality...
August 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802117/intolerance-of-uncertainty-anxiety-and-worry-in-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Nihan Osmanağaoğlu, Cathy Creswell, Helen F Dodd
BACKGROUND: Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has been implicated in the development and maintenance of worry and anxiety in adults and there is an increasing interest in the role that IU may play in anxiety and worry in children and adolescents. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize existing research on IU with regard to anxiety and worry in young people, and to provide a context for considering future directions in this area of research...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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