keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TRY

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339736/extractions-retention-and-stability-the-search-for-orthodontic-truth
#1
Sheldon Peck
Background and objectives: From the beginnings of modern orthodontics, questions have been raised about the extraction of healthy permanent teeth in order to correct malocclusions. A hundred years ago, orthodontic tooth extraction was debated with almost religious intensity by experts on either side of the issue. Sheldon Friel and his mentor Edward H. Angle both had much to say about this controversy. Today, after significant progress in orthodontic practice, similar arguments are being voiced between nonextraction expansionists and those who see the need for tooth extractions in some orthodontic patients...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335474/coccolithoviruses-a-review-of-cross-kingdom-genomic-thievery-and-metabolic-thuggery
#2
Jozef I Nissimov, António Pagarete, Fangrui Ma, Sean Cody, David D Dunigan, Susan A Kimmance, Michael J Allen
Coccolithoviruses (Phycodnaviridae) infect and lyse the most ubiquitous and successful coccolithophorid in modern oceans, Emiliania huxleyi. So far, the genomes of 13 of these giant lytic viruses (i.e., Emiliania huxleyi viruses-EhVs) have been sequenced, assembled, and annotated. Here, we performed an in-depth comparison of their genomes to try and contextualize the ecological and evolutionary traits of these viruses. The genomes of these EhVs have from 444 to 548 coding sequences (CDSs). Presence/absence analysis of CDSs identified putative genes with particular ecological significance, namely sialidase, phosphate permease, and sphingolipid biosynthesis...
March 18, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334042/whole-body-counter-wbc-and-food-radiocesium-contamination-surveys-in-namie-fukushima-prefecture
#3
Yoichiro Hosokawa, Kazuki Nomura, Eiki Tsushima, Kohsei Kudo, Yuka Noto, Yoshiko Nishizawa
PURPOSE: This study examined the internal Cs exposure of residents and the Cs present in food products produced in Namie. Whole-body counter (WBC) was used for the measurement of internal exposure per each whole body of examinees. METHODS: The food products which appeared to be used for consumption, were brought by residents and commercially available food items were excluded. Most of them were wild plants or food items produced by residents. Four years of data from April 2012 to March 2013 (fiscal 2012) and April 2015 to March 2016 (Fiscal 2015) were analyzed and studied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333631/segmenting-multi-source-images-using-hidden-markov-fields-with-copula-based-multivariate-statistical-distributions
#4
Jerome Lapuyade-Lahorgue, Jing-Hao Xue, Su Ruan
Nowadays, multi-source image acquisition attracts an increasing interest in many fields such as multi-modal medical image segmentation. Such acquisition aims at considering complementary information to perform image segmentation since the same scene has been observed by various types of images. However, strong dependency often exists between multi-source images. This dependency should be taken into account when we try to extract joint information for precisely making a decision. In order to statistically model this dependency between multiple sources, we propose a novel multi-source fusion method based on the Gaussian copula...
March 21, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332407/unsteady-computational-fluid-dynamics-in-front-crawl-swimming
#5
Mathias Samson, Anthony Bernard, Tony Monnet, Patrick Lacouture, Laurent David
The development of codes and power calculations currently allows the simulation of increasingly complex flows, especially in the turbulent regime. Swimming research should benefit from these technological advances to try to better understand the dynamic mechanisms involved in swimming. An unsteady Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study is conducted in crawl, in order to analyse the propulsive forces generated by the hand and forearm. The k-ω SST turbulence model and an overset grid method have been used...
March 23, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331365/mastectomy-skin-flap-necrosis-challenges-and-solutions
#6
REVIEW
Stuart A Robertson, Johann A Jeevaratnam, Avi Agrawal, Ramsey I Cutress
INTRODUCTION: Mastectomy skin flap necrosis (MSFN) has a reported incidence of 5%-30% in the literature. It is often a significant and underappreciated problem. The aim of this article was to review the associated challenges and possible solutions. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed using the search term "mastectomy skin flap necrosis". Titles and abstracts from peer-reviewed publications were screened for relevance. RESULTS: MSFN is a common complication and may present as partial- or full-thickness necrosis...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331328/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-formulation-driven-cognitive-behavioral-guided-self-help-fcbt-gsh-for-crisis-and-transitional-case-management-clients
#7
Farooq Naeem, Rupinder K Johal, Claire Mckenna, Olivia Calancie, Tariq Munshi, Tariq Hassan, Amina Nasar, Muhammad Ayub
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is found to be effective for common mental disorders and has been delivered in self-help and guided self-help formats. Crisis and transitional case management (TCM) services play a vital role in managing clients in acute mental health crises. It is, therefore, an appropriate setting to try CBT in guided self-help format. METHODS: This was a preliminary evaluation of a formulation-driven cognitive behavioral guided self-help...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329916/online-support-for-transgender-people-an-analysis-of-forums-and-social-networks
#8
Sabrina Cipolletta, Riccardo Votadoro, Elena Faccio
Transgender people face a range of personal and social conflicts that strongly influence their well-being. In many cases, the Internet can become the main resource in terms of finding support. The aim of this study was to understand how transgender people give and receive help online. Between 2013 and 2015, 122 online community conversations were collected on Italian forums and Facebook groups involving transgender people, and online interviews were conducted with 16 users of these communities. A qualitative content analysis was conducted by using the software package, NVivo10...
March 22, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327444/unblending-borderline-personality-and-bipolar-disorders
#9
Ester di Giacomo, Flora Aspesi, Maria Fotiadou, Arnoud Arntz, Eugenio Aguglia, Lavinia Barone, Silvio Bellino, Bernardo Carpiniello, Fabrizia Colmegna, Marina Lazzari, Liliana Lorettu, Federica Pinna, Aldo Sicaro, Maria Salvina Signorelli, Massimo Clerici
Borderline Personality (BPD) and Bipolar (BP) disorders stimulate an academic debate between their distinction and the inclusion of Borderline in the Bipolar spectrum. Opponents to this inclusion attribute the important differences and possible diagnostic incomprehension to overlapping symptoms. We tested 248 Borderline and 113 Bipolar patients, consecutively admitted to the Psychiatric Unit, through DSM-IV Axis I and II Disorders (SCID-I/II), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Borderline Personality Disorder Severity Index-IV (BPDSI-IV)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323867/understanding-and-coping-with-extremism-in-an-online-collaborative-environment-a-data-driven-modeling
#10
Csilla Rudas, Olivér Surányi, Taha Yasseri, János Török
The Internet has provided us with great opportunities for large scale collaborative public good projects. Wikipedia is a predominant example of such projects where conflicts emerge and get resolved through bottom-up mechanisms leading to the emergence of the largest encyclopedia in human history. Disaccord arises whenever editors with different opinions try to produce an article reflecting a consensual view. The debates are mainly heated by editors with extreme views. Using a model of common value production, we show that the consensus can only be reached if groups with extreme views can actively take part in the discussion and if their views are also represented in the common outcome, at least temporarily...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323060/food-neophobia-and-its-association-with-intake-of-fish-and-other-selected-foods-in-a-norwegian-sample-of-toddlers-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Sissel H Helland, Elling Bere, Helga Birgit Bjørnarå, Nina Cecilie Øverby
Reluctance to try novel foods (food neophobia) prevents toddlers from accepting healthy foods such as fish and vegetables, which are important for child development and health. Eating habits established between ages 2 and 3 years normally track into adulthood and are therefore highly influential; even so, there are few studies addressing food neophobia in this age group. This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between the level of food neophobia and the frequency of toddlers' intake of fish, meat, berries, fruit, vegetables, and sweet and salty snacks...
March 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322529/-interventi-di-popolazione-per-contrastare-l-epidemia-di-prodotti-insalubri
#12
Giuseppe Gorini
"The multinational corporations producing tobacco, alcohol, soft drinks, and processed foods have a role of vectors in the increase of chronic diseases, so that one can speak of manufacturing epidemics. The main aim of this paper is to conduct a literature review on different approaches in population-based interventions to stem the rise in consumption of unhealthy products. Different approaches were found: • command-and-control regulations: the route is definitely more advanced for tobacco with the implementation of an international treaty, which requires 180 ratifying states to implement a series of tobacco control policies...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321300/identifying-highlighting-and-reducing-polypharmacy-in-a-uk-hospice-inpatient-unit-using-improvement-science-methods
#13
Alison Phippen, Jennie Pickard, Douglas Steinke, Matt Cope, Dai Roberts
Polypharmacy, the concurrent use of multiple medications by one individual is a growing global issue driven by an ageing population and increasing prevalence of multi-morbidity[1]. Polypharmacy can be problematic: interactions between medications, reduced adherence to medication, burden of medication to patients, administration time, increased risk of errors and increased cost. Quality improvement methods were applied to identify and highlight polypharmacy patients with the aim of reducing their average number of regular tablets/capsules per day by 25%...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320575/body-composition-and-mortality-in-coronary-artery-disease-with-mild-renal-insufficiency-in-chinese-patients
#14
Yong Peng, Fei Chen, Fang-Yang Huang, Tian-Li Xia, Bao-Tao Huang, Hua Chai, Peng-Ju Wang, Zhi-Liang Zuo, Wei Liu, Chen Zhang, Yi-Yue Gui, Mao Chen, De-Jia Huang
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a risk factor for both coronary artery disease (CAD) and chronic renal insufficiency (RI); patients with CAD are prone to obesity and RI. In this study, we try to analyze the effect of body composition on death in CAD patients with mild RI. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1,591 consecutive CAD patients confirmed by coronary angiography were enrolled and met the mild RI criteria by estimated glomerular filtration rate: 60-90 mL/min...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319653/the-ecology-of-human-microbiota-dynamics-and-diversity-in-health-and-disease
#15
Antti Karkman, Jenni Lehtimäki, Lasse Ruokolainen
Social welfare, better health care, and urbanization have greatly improved human health and well-being. On the other hand, Western societies suffer from the downsides of the elevated standard of living. Among other factors, the Western diet (poor in dietary fiber), lack of contact with natural biodiversity, and excessive antibiotic use are known to be associated with the increase in chronic inflammatory disorders. Limited exposure to microbial biodiversity, in combination with severe lifestyle-related disturbances to commensal microbial communities, especially during early life, is changing the diversity and composition of human microbiota...
March 20, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317874/predicting-sirna-efficacy-based-on-multiple-selective-sirna-representations-and-their-combination-at-score-level
#16
Fei He, Ye Han, Jianting Gong, Jiazhi Song, Han Wang, Yanwen Li
Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) may induce to targeted gene knockdown, and the gene silencing effectiveness relies on the efficacy of the siRNA. Therefore, the task of this paper is to construct an effective siRNA prediction method. In our work, we try to describe siRNA from both quantitative and qualitative aspects. For quantitative analyses, we form four groups of effective features, including nucleotide frequencies, thermodynamic stability profile, thermodynamic of siRNA-mRNA interaction, and mRNA related features, as a new mixed representation, in which thermodynamic of siRNA-mRNA interaction is introduced to siRNA efficacy prediction for the first time to our best knowledge...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317315/uptake-of-wheel-filtration-among-clients-of-a-supervised-injecting-facility-can-structured-education-work
#17
Maureen Steele, Edmund Silins, Ian Flaherty, Sarah Hiley, Nick van Breda, Marianne Jauncey
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Wheel-filtration of pharmaceutical opioid tablets is a recognised harm reduction strategy, but uptake of the practice among people who inject drugs is low. The study aimed to: (i) examine perceptions of filtration practices; (ii) provide structured education on wheel-filtration; and (iii) assess uptake of the practice. DESIGN AND METHODS: Frequent opioid tablet injectors (n = 30) attending a supervised injecting facility in Sydney, Australia, received hands-on instruction on wheel-filtration based on recommended practice...
March 20, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316189/-noteworthy-and-controversial-problems-of-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty
#18
H Gao
Corneal transplant is the main treatment for blindness caused by corneal diseases. The common methods of corneal transplant include penetrating keratoplasty and lamellar keratoplasty. With the advances of microsurgical instruments and technology in recent years, deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) has gradually increased. Compared with conventional penetrating keratoplasty, the optical effects of DALK are not much different, but DALK has fewer complications. So DALK is expected to become the mainstream of corneal transplantation...
March 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316122/digital-workflow-for-fixed-implant-rehabilitation-of-an-extremely-atrophic-edentulous-mandible-in-three-appointments
#19
Panos Papaspyridakos, Neha Rajput, Yukio Kudara, Hans-Peter Weber
OBJECTIVE: To present a rationale to reduce treatment complexity, number of surgeries, and overall treatment time for patients with extreme mandibular ridge deficiency. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: A 67-year-old fully edentulous male presented with a chief complaint of poor retention and stability of the mandibular complete denture with consequent discomfort and inability to chew. A novel 3-appointment protocol from guided implant placement to definitive prosthesis delivery was implemented...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303114/mentoring-top-leadership-promotes-organizational-innovativeness-through-psychological-safety-and-is-moderated-by-cognitive-adaptability
#20
James H Moore, Zhongming Wang
Mentoring continues to build momentum among startups and established enterprises due to its positive impact on individuals and organizations. Unlike previous studies, this research focuses on mentoring higher level leadership, such as the CEO, and demonstrates its unique relationship to organizational innovativeness. Our sample included 200 mentored executives and entrepreneurs who personally identify and exploit opportunities. Our findings confirm that mentoring top leaders positively relates to their perceived innovativeness of the organization and that the relationship is mediated by these leaders' perception of psychological safety within the organization...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
109574
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"