keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

TRY

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926029/the-importance-of-fixed-costs-in-animal-health-systems
#1
C A Tisdell, D Adamson
In this paper, the authors detail the structure and optimal management of health systems as influenced by the presence and level of fixed costs. Unlike variable costs, fixed costs cannot be altered, and are thus independent of the level of veterinary activity in the short run. Their importance is illustrated by using both single-period and multi-period models. It is shown that multi-stage veterinary decision-making can often be envisaged as a sequence of fixed-cost problems. In general, it becomes clear that, the higher the fixed costs, the greater the net benefit of veterinary activity must be, if such activity is to be economic...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925885/spreading-depolarization-waves-in-neurological-diseases-a-short-review-about-its-pathophysiology-and-clinical-relevance
#2
Yağmur Çetin Taş, İhsan Solaroğlu, Yasemin Gürsoy-Özdemir
Lesion growth following acutely injured brain tissue after stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury is an important issue and a new target area for promising therapeutic interventions. Spreading depolarization or peri-lesion depolarization waves were demonstrated as one of the significant contributors of continued lesion growth. In this short review, we discuss the pathophysiology for SD forming events and try to list findings detected in neurological disorders like migraine, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage and traumatic brain injury in both human as well as experimental studies...
September 15, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925491/corrosion-behavior-of-dental-implants-immersed-into-human-saliva-preliminary-results-of-an-in-vitro-study
#3
M Barbieri, F Mencio, P Papi, D Rosella, S Di Carlo, T Valente, G Pompa
OBJECTIVE: Over the years, different implant surfaces have been used to try to maximize bone to implant contact. The aim of this study was to compare levels of metallic ions and particles dissolution collected from two different dental implants surfaces immersed into human saliva. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 60 dental implants were tested. Group A: sanded with aluminium oxide medium grade particles and acid-etched; Group B: micro-sanded with calcium phosphate powders and acid-etched...
August 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923033/feasibility-of-a-low-cost-hearing-screening-in-rural-indiana
#4
Khalid M Khan, Sylvanna L Bielko, Priscilla A Barnes, Sydney S Evans, Anna L K Main
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss remains a neglected public health issue in the rural and agricultural communities in the United States and therefore, promotion of a low-cost hearing screening may be important for these underserved populations. The major objectives of our study were to assess feasibility of a low-cost telephone-administered hearing test in rural Indiana and to identify the challenges, barriers and viable implementation strategies associated with this test. Also, we evaluated whether a focus group session could change the hearing health attitude of rural residents...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922988/erognomic-education-on-housework-for-women-with-upper-limb-repetitive-strain-injury-rsi-a-conceptual-representation-of-therapists-clinical-reasoning
#5
Therma W C Cheung, Lindy Clemson, Kate O' Loughlin, Russell Shuttleworth
BACKGROUND: Ergonomic education in housework that aims to facilitate behavior change is important for women with upper limb repetitive strain injury. Therapists usually conduct such programs based on implicit reasoning. Making this reasoning explicit is important in contributing to the profession's knowledge. AIM: To construct a conceptual representation of how occupational therapists make clinical decisions for such program. METHOD: Based on a constructivist-grounded theory methodology, data were collected through in-depth interviewing with 14 occupational therapists from a major hospital in Singapore...
September 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921574/ideology-and-resistance-in-young-people-s-experiences-of-health-under-the-imperative-of-enjoyment
#6
Kathrine Vitus
This article explores upper secondary school students' understandings and experiences of health in Denmark, where public health promotions appeal to pleasure. Health promotion thereby taps into capitalist society's 'imperative of enjoyment', which reproduces ideological fantasies about the fulfilment of desires through the consumption of health. Based on qualitative empirical material produced through participatory and visual methods during fieldwork conducted in 2012, the analysis shows that relations between healthiness and pleasure are conflated and paradoxical: the students try to fit into society not only by being healthy, but also by enjoying healthiness; but if they fail pleasure, they fail healthiness and experience a loss of individual social value...
September 17, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918700/dementia-and-migration-family-care-patterns-merging-with-public-care-services
#7
Mette Sagbakken, Ragnhild Storstein Spilker, Reidun Ingebretsen
This article focuses on cognitive impairment and dementia in the context of transnational migration. Based on data from focus group discussions and interviews, we conclude that to adjust to the needs of care within ethnic-minority communities, it is important to consider not only the availability of household and kin members but also the present understanding of obligation and reciprocity underlying the perception of care. Another important issue to realize is that caregivers, women in particular, might feel obliged to conform to a traditional caregiver role, but without the support from a wider extended family, and in the context of other pressing roles and duties...
September 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918659/ureaplasma-associated-prenatal-perinatal-and-neonatal-morbidities
#8
Christine Silwedel, Christian P Speer, Kirsten Glaser
Ureaplasma species (spp.) have been acknowledged as major causative pathogens in chorioamnionitis and prematurity, but may also contribute to key morbidities in preterm infants. Several epidemiological and experimental data indicate an association of neonatal Ureaplasma colonization and/or infection with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Furthermore, a potential causal relation with other inflammation-induced morbidities, such as intraventricular hemorrhage, white matter injury, necrotizing enterocolitis, and retinopathy of prematurity, has been debated...
September 18, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918262/circuit-changes-in-motor-cortex-during-motor-skill-learning
#9
Andrew E Papale, Bryan M Hooks
Motor cortex is important for motor skill learning, particularly the dexterous skills necessary for our favorite sports and careers. We are especially interested in understanding how plasticity in motor cortex contributes to skill learning. Although human studies have been helpful in understanding the importance of motor cortex in learning skilled tasks, animal models are necessary for achieving a detailed understanding of the circuitry underlying these behaviors and the changes that occur during training. We review data from these models to try to identify sites of plasticity in motor cortex, focusing on rodents as a model system...
September 13, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916562/impact-of-coil-price-knowledge-by-the-operator-on-the-cost-of-aneurysm-coiling-a-single-center-study
#10
Stephanos Finitsis, Robert Fahed, Ian Gaulin, Daniel Roy, Alain Weill
BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment of aneurysms with coils is among the most frequent treatments in interventional neuroradiology, and represents an important expense. Each manufacturer has created several types of coils, with prices varying among brands and coil types. The objective of this study was to assess the impact of cost awareness of the exact price of each coil by the operating physician on the total cost of aneurysm coiling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a comparative study conducted over 1 year in a single tertiary care center...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915761/a-potential-model-for-sodium-chloride-solutions-based-on-the-tip4p-2005-water-model
#11
A L Benavides, M A Portillo, V C Chamorro, J R Espinosa, J L F Abascal, C Vega
Despite considerable efforts over more than two decades, our knowledge of the interactions in electrolyte solutions is not yet satisfactory. Not even one of the most simple and important aqueous solutions, NaCl(aq), escapes this assertion. A requisite for the development of a force field for any water solution is the availability of a good model for water. Despite the fact that TIP4P/2005 seems to fulfill the requirement, little work has been devoted to build a force field based on TIP4P/2005. In this work, we try to fill this gap for NaCl(aq)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915582/microrna-610-suppresses-osteosarcoma-oncogenicity-via-targeting-twist1-expression
#12
Chi Jin, Yongjian Feng, Yongjian Ni, Zhonglin Shan
Osteosarcoma is the most frequent primary bone tumor affects adolescents and young adults. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding and endogenous RNAs that played as important roles in the initiation and progression of tumors. In this study, we try to explore the biological function and expression of miR-610 in the osteosarcoma. We showed that miR-610 expression was downregulated in the osteosarcoma tissues and cell lines. Elevated expression of miR-610 suppressed the osteosarcoma cell proliferation, cell cycle, invasion and EMT program...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915401/the-modified-ketogenic-diet-for-adults-with-refractory-epilepsy-an-evaluation-of-a-set-up-service
#13
Kirsty J Martin-McGill, Michael D Jenkinson, Catrin Tudur Smith, Anthony G Marson
PURPOSE: The ketogenic diet (KD) has been proven to be effective in children with refractory epilepsy and is recommended by the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE). There is no randomised control trial (RCT) evidence for the clinical or cost effectiveness of KD in adults, for whom the KD is not currently recommended. We assessed the feasibility of the modified ketogenic diet (MKD) in adults with refractory epilepsy along with the willingness of patients to participate in a future RCT...
September 1, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915165/employee-organizational-commitment-and-hospital-performance
#14
Kevin M Baird, Amy Tung, Yanjie Yu
BACKGROUND: There is widespread evidence of the purported benefits of employee organizational commitment (EOC) and its impact on both individual and organizational performance. This study contributes to this literature by providing a unique insight into this relationship, focusing on the interrelationship between EOC with hospital performance and the role of the provision of adequate facilities in eliciting EOC. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to introduce and empirically examine a new theoretical model in which it is argued that the performance of hospitals with regard to the provision of adequate facilities (medical facilities, support facilities, and staff resources) influences the level of EOC, which in turn influences hospital performance with regard to patient care and operational effectiveness...
September 15, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912730/diagnosis-of-swimming-induced-pulmonary-edema-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Hannes Grünig, Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Richard E Moon, Beat Knechtle
Swimming induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) is a complication that can occur during exercise with the possibility of misdiagnosis and can quickly become life threatening; however, medical literature infrequently describes SIPE. Therefore, the aim of this review was to analyse all individual cases diagnosed with SIPE as reported in scientific sources, with an emphasis on the diagnostic pathways and the key facts resulting in its diagnosis. Due to a multifactorial and complicated pathophysiology, the diagnosis could be difficult...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912618/moral-theological-analysis-of-direct-versus-indirect-abortion
#16
John M Haas
Cases of a vital conflict, where the lives of both the mother and child are at risk during pregnancy, have been the subject of recent vigorous debate. The basic principles put forth in the Ethical and Religious Directives are reviewed, as is the principle of double effect. An illustrative case of severe cardiomyopathy in a pregnant woman is described and it is noted that the principle of double effect would not apply. Counter arguments are noted, focusing on Martin Rhonheimer who posits that in the case of vital conflicts, such as performing a craniotomy on a baby stuck in the birth canal, taking the baby's life does not constitute a direct abortion because moral norms do not apply in the extreme conflict situation where both mother and child will die...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911130/on-the-ferries-the-unmet-health-care-needs-of-transiting-refugees-in-greece
#17
Clare K Shortall, Rosanna Glazik, Alvin Sornum, Ceri Pritchard
Background: In 2015, over 850 000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Greece. In response to an overwhelming need for access to healthcare for them, Doctors of the World established the Refugee Ferry Project, which comprised of a clinic providing primary health care, and integrated mental health and psychosocial support on board a commercial ferry. Methods: Of the 1405 service users, 87.5% (1229/1405) originated from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The majority were women 801/1405 (57%) and children 511/1405 (36%), including 50 pregnant women and 19 unaccompanied minors...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910800/the-place-of-large-pore-membranes-in-the-treatment-portfolio-of-patients-on-hemodialysis
#18
Wim Van Biesen, Raymond Vanholder, Eva Schepers, Griet Glorieux, Annemieke Dhondt, Sunny Eloot
Cardiovascular disease is a major concern in patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Inflammation induced by retention of uremic toxins, of which a substantial fraction has a molecular weight in the middle molecular range, has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. In an attempt to reduce inflammation and thus cardiovascular toxicity in patients with ESKD, hemodiafiltration (HDF) has been promoted to enhance the clearance of middle molecular weight substances during dialysis. However, HDF increases the technical complexity and costs, and requires ultrapure dialysis fluid...
2017: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910349/a-semi-symmetric-image-encryption-scheme-based-on-the-function-projective-synchronization-of-two-hyperchaotic-systems
#19
Xiaoqiang Di, Jinqing Li, Hui Qi, Ligang Cong, Huamin Yang
Both symmetric and asymmetric color image encryption have advantages and disadvantages. In order to combine their advantages and try to overcome their disadvantages, chaos synchronization is used to avoid the key transmission for the proposed semi-symmetric image encryption scheme. Our scheme is a hybrid chaotic encryption algorithm, and it consists of a scrambling stage and a diffusion stage. The control law and the update rule of function projective synchronization between the 3-cell quantum cellular neural networks (QCNN) response system and the 6th-order cellular neural network (CNN) drive system are formulated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906069/distribution-of-amyloid-like-and-oligomeric-species-from-protein-aggregation-kinetics
#20
Alexandra Silva, Bruno Almeida, Joana Sofia Fraga, Pablo Taboada, Pedro Miguel Martins, Sandra Ribeiro
Amyloid fibrils and soluble oligomers are two types of protein aggregates associated with neurodegeneration. Classic therapeutic strategies try to prevent the nucleation and spread of amyloid fibrils, whilst diffusible oligomers have emerged as promising drug targets affecting downstream pathogenic processes. We developed a generic protein aggregation model and validate it against measured compositions of fibrillar and non-fibrillar assemblies of ataxin-3, a protein implicated in Machado-Joseph disease. The derived analytic rate-law equations can be used to (i) identify the presence of parallel aggregation pathways and (ii) estimate the critical sizes of amyloid fibrils...
September 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
keyword
keyword
109574
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"