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Aleksandra Klobučar, Vera Folnegović-Šmalc, Dubravka Kocijan-Hercigonja, Slavica Sović, Ljiljana Gulić
BACKGROUND: The main goal of this study was to analyse and show clinical characteristics and psychiatric comorbidity in 38 participants aged between 10 and 17 with DSM-IV diagnoses of Trichotillomania (TTM) that we were treating at Children's Hospital Zagreb from 2008 to 2017. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed the data obtained from semi-structured interviews by the criteria of DSM-IV, Youth Self Report (YSR) (Achenbach & Rescorla 2001) and survey that we created...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Tabassum Ahsan Qadeer
Orthodontic alignment of un-erupted dilacerated teeth is challenging, as the bent roots resist forces applied to move them through the bone. Various treatment options are now available to treat this condition including providing prosthesis after extractions and apicectomies. However, to maintain alveolar bone in the area of the un-erupted tooth, especially if the involved tooth is in the anterior segment, the ideal treatment would be to try and bring the tooth in the arch orthodontically. Treatment requires increased time duration, compliance of the patient, and consistent force mechanics...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Jolanda van Dijke, Inge van Nistelrooij, Pien Bos, Joachim Duyndam
BACKGROUND: Empathy is a contested concept in the field of care ethics. According to its proponents, empathy is a unique way to connect with others, to understand what is at stake for them, and to help guide moral deliberation. According to its critics, empathy is biased, inaccurate or a form of projection that does not truly grasp and respect the otherness of the other, and that may be distorted by prejudices. OBJECTIVES: We aim to contribute to a better understanding of the significance of empathy in care ethics by reviewing both the functions and limitations of empathy in this field...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
Mariusz Z Ratajczak, Daniel Pedziwiatr, Monika Cymer, Magda Kucia, Jolanta Kucharska-Mazur, Jerzy Samochowiec
Evidence has accumulated that the occurrence of psychiatric disorders is related to chronic inflammation. In support of this linkage, changes in the levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines in the peripheral blood (PB) of psychiatric patients as well as correlations between chronic inflammatory processes and psychiatric disorders have been described. Furthermore, an inflammatory process known as "sterile inflammation" when initiated directly in brain tissue may trigger the onset of psychoses...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Fred Rodriguez, Rajeevan Selvaratnam, Peggy Mann, Rina Kalariya, John R Petersen
Although laboratories may be able to rely on a comprehensive Hurricane Plan during a hurricane, alarming and unanticipated events frequently occur. To minimize disruption of lab operations, it is important to try to mitigate the impact of these unexpected events as quickly as possible, in the quest to minimize negative outcomes. In this article, we discuss approaches to dealing with unanticipated events during and after hurricanes, based on our personal experiences.
March 10, 2018: Laboratory Medicine
R van Eekelen, R I Tjon-Kon-Fat, P M M Bossuyt, N van Geloven, M J C Eijkemans, A J Bensdorp, F van der Veen, B W Mol, M van Wely
STUDY QUESTION: What is the natural conception rate over the course of 12 months in couples with unexplained or mild male subfertility who are scheduled for fertility treatment and have a predicted unfavourable prognosis for natural conception? SUMMARY ANSWER: The natural conception rate over the course of 12 months in couples who were allocated to treatment was estimated to be 24.5% (95% CI: 20-29%). WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: After starting treatment, couples often perceive unsuccessful cycles as evidence of definitive failure even though they are still able to conceive naturally in between and after treatment...
March 12, 2018: Human Reproduction
S Suresh, Gautam E Unni, M Satyanarayana, A Sreekumaran Nair, V P Mahadevan Pillai
Engineering photons on a nanoscale via guidance and localization by metal nanostructures has a profound influence on the performance of devices that try to mimic the process of photosynthesis. The conventional route for the synthesis of plasmonic nanoparticles and their integration into the porous structure of the photoanode either directly or after being capped with a dielectric material not only adds to the complexity but also to the cost of the cell. The present study introduces the concept of a plasmonic blocking layer that concurrently acts as a light harvester and an electron-blocking layer in a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), wherein the plasmonic silver nanoparticles are incorporated into an Nb2 O5 blocking layer by a simple one-step process...
March 14, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Christopher A Stevens, Jeroen Daamen, Emma Gaudrain, Tom Renkema, Jakob Dirk Top, Fokie Cnossen, Niels A Taatgen
Training negotiation is difficult because it is a complex, dynamic activity that involves multiple parties. It is often not clear how to create situations in which students can practice negotiation or how to measure students' progress. Some have begun to address these issues by creating artificial software agents with which students can train. These agents have the advantage that they can be "reset," and played against multiple times. This allows students to learn from their mistakes and try different strategies...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Wing-Kin Tam, Yang Zhi
BACKGROUND: Large-scale neural recordings provide detailed information on neuronal activities and can help elicit the underlying neural mechanisms of the brain. However, the computational burden is also formidable when we try to process the huge data stream generated by such recordings. NEW METHOD: In this study, we report the development of Neural Parallel Engine (NPE), a toolbox for massively parallel neural signal processing on graphical processing units (GPUs)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Giorgina B Piccoli, Bernard G Jaar, Hayley Henderson
This editorial introduces a series of interviews with the pioneers of Nephrology. It's a story that speaks by itself, given the thousands of people that are now alive thanks to the remarkable advances in renal replacement therapies such as dialysis, and kidney transplantation but also the many scientific advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology and treatment of kidney diseases worldwide.The interviews that we have selected for this series are, however, not dealing with their achievements, and their success; they try to pass on to future generations the idea of how they were, why they were passionate, what they loved, and, not last, where they found poetry in our profession...
March 12, 2018: BMC Nephrology
H Rolin, P Fossion, I Kotsou, C Leys
In this paper, we discuss various issues related to the concept of resilience, which is conventionally defined as a dynamic process allowing for a positive adaptation in a context of significant adversity. First, we try to draw the reader's attention to the importance of the concept of resilience in terms of public health. Second, we address the difficulty of measuring resilience in a relevant and operational manner. Third, we then address the question of whether resilience can be conceived only in the context of a confrontation with trauma, or whether its application can be relevant to the everyday nontraumatic adversity...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
Ronnye Rutledge, Lynn Madden, Onyema Ogbuagu, Jaimie P Meyer
Women involved in the criminal justice system (WICJ) are at high risk of acquiring HIV and would benefit from HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) but there are no studies in this population to inform PrEP implementation programs. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of HIV-uninfected, cis-gender women on probation, parole and/or recently released from prison/jail to assess PrEP awareness, eligibility, potential barriers to uptake, and the PrEP care continuum. The 125 WICJ surveyed reported high rates of HIV risk behaviors including recent transactional sex (22...
March 11, 2018: AIDS Care
Nuria Mendoza Laiz, Sagrario Del Valle Díaz, Natalia Rioja Collado, Javier Gomez-Pilar, Roberto Hornero
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a disease that is constantly evolving in older people. Its diverse symptoms appear with varying degrees of severity affecting the daily life of those who suffer from it. The rate in which dementia progresses depends on different aspects of the treatment, chosen to try to control and slow down the development of the illness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of cognitive training through a Brain Computer Interface (BCI) and the NeuronUp platform in two age groups whose MMSE is between 18-23 MCI (mild dementia)...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Hena Patel, Kim Allan Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
Feng Zhao, Guiyang Zhao, Fan Weijie, Lixun Chen
The rigid gas permeable contact lens (RGPCL) is an ideal choice to improve the corrective vision of patients with a high degree of refractive error, keratoconus and corneal transplantation. However, RGPCL fitting is not an easy work for those patients with extremely irregular corneal surface. Technicians or doctors often need to try many times to determine the relatively satisfied lens customization parameters. This repeated try-on process not only increases discomfort of patients, but also will increase the risks of corneal epithelial shedding or corneal infection...
April 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Carlo Annunziatella, Andrea M Chiariello, Andrea Esposito, Simona Bianco, Luca Fiorillo, Mario Nicodemi
In recent years interest has grown on the applications of polymer physics to model chromatin folding in order to try to make sense of the complexity of experimental data emerging from new technologies such as Hi-C or GAM, in a principled way. Here we review the methods employed to efficiently implement Molecular Dynamics computer simulations of polymer models, focusing in particular on the String&Binders Switch (SBS) model. The constant improvement of such methods and computer power is returning increasingly more accurate insights on the structure and molecular mechanisms underlying the spatial organization of chromosomes in the cell nucleus...
March 6, 2018: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
Mariana Lagos, Silvana Bekerman, Noemí Sosa
Clinical and psychosocial assistance demand that we try and understand the complex effect traumatic events have on people and their subjectivity, as well as on our own stance and reference framework. Traumatic situations of social origin affect groups of individuals and the State is to some extent responsible for their genesis and the resolution of their effects. In our professional practice we are faced with problems that concern both the individuals and the relationships they establish. The way highly traumatic events are dealt with is in?uenced by various factors that challenge our therapeutic theories and approaches...
July 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
Raphael Koning, Ian C Bruce, Sam Denys, Jan Wouters
State-of-the-art hearing aids (HAs) try to overcome the deficit of poor speech intelligibility (SI) in noisy listening environments using digital noise reduction (NR) techniques. The application of time-frequency masks to the noisy sound input is a common NR technique to increase SI. The binary mask with its binary weights and the Wiener filter with continuous weights are representatives of a hard- and a soft-decision approach for time-frequency masking. In normal-hearing listeners, the ideal Wiener filter (IWF) outperforms the ideal binary mask (IBM) in terms of SI and speech quality with perfect SI even at very low signal-to-noise ratios...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Erin Brantley, Jessica Greene, Brian Bruen, Erika Steinmetz, Leighton Ku
Introduction: Smoking rates for Medicaid beneficiaries have remained flat in recent years. Medicaid may support smokers in quitting by covering a broad array of tobacco cessation services without barriers such as copays. This study examines the impact of increasing generosity in Medicaid tobacco cessation coverage policies on smoking and cessation behaviors. Methods: We used 2010 and 2015 National Health Interview Survey data merged with information on state tobacco, Medicaid cessation, and Medicaid eligibility policies to estimate state fixed effects models of cessation medication use, counseling use, quit attempts, and current smoking...
March 7, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Avyakta Kallam, James O Armitage
Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is largely a curable disease with excellent prognosis. The standard of care in patients with relapsed disease has been to try salvage chemotherapy followed by an autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Managing the patients who relapse after ASCT, is challenging. With the approval of targeted therapies such as PD-1 inhibitors, brentuximab vedotin, the outcomes have improved greatly. Areas covered: This review summarizes the current data available on the newer therapies as well as the present strategies used to treat patients with relapsed HL after an autologous stem cell transplantation...
March 9, 2018: Expert Review of Hematology
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