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Traumatic trigeminal neuralgia

Yasaman Safarpour, Bahman Jabbari
This review evaluates the existing level of evidence for efficacy of BoNTs in different pain syndromes using the recommended efficacy criteria from the Assessment and Therapeutic Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. There is a level A evidence (effective) for BoNT therapy in post-herpetic neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, and posttraumatic neuralgia. There is a level B evidence (probably effective) for diabetic neuropathy, plantar fasciitis, piriformis syndrome, pain associated with total knee arthroplasty, male pelvic pain syndrome, chronic low back pain, male pelvic pain, and neuropathic pain secondary to traumatic spinal cord injury...
June 1, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
Hida Nierenburg, Morgane Swift Morris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: External nasal neuralgia is a rare syndrome of atypical facial pain for which there is limited reports in the scientific literature. We aim to review diagnosis and provide an update on treatments for this rare condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Etiology has been documented as post-traumatic due to direct trauma to the nose area and in few case reports, idiopathic. Sensory innervation of the nose arises from the ophthalmic and maxillary divisions of the trigeminal nerve...
September 13, 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Rafael Benoliel, Charly Gaul
Background Persistent idiopathic facial pain (PIFP) is a chronic disorder recurring daily for more than two hours per day over more than three months, in the absence of clinical neurological deficit. PIFP is the current terminology for Atypical Facial Pain and is characterized by daily or near daily pain that is initially confined but may subsequently spread. Pain cannot be attributed to any pathological process, although traumatic neuropathic mechanisms are suspected. When present intraorally, PIFP has been termed 'Atypical Odontalgia', and this entity is discussed in a separate article in this special issue...
June 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Lene Baad-Hansen, Rafael Benoliel
Definition and taxonomy This review deals with neuropathic pain of traumatic origin affecting the trigeminal nerve, i.e. painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PTTN). Symptomatology The clinical characteristics of PTTN vary considerably, partly due to the type and extent of injury. Symptoms involve combinations of spontaneous and evoked pain and of positive and negative somatosensory signs. These patients are at risk of going through unnecessary dental/surgical procedures in the attempt to eradicate the cause of the pain, due to the fact that most dentists only rarely encounter PTTN...
June 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
Galit Almoznino, Rafael Benoliel, Yair Sharav, Yaron Haviv
Chronic craniofacial pain involves the head, face and oral cavity and is associated with significant morbidity and high levels of health care utilization. A bidirectional relationship is suggested in the literature for poor sleep and pain, and craniofacial pain and sleep are reciprocally related. We review this relationship and discuss management options. Part I reviews the relationship between pain and sleep disorders in the context of four diagnostic categories of chronic craniofacial pain: 1) primary headaches: migraines, tension-type headache (TTH), trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs) and hypnic headache, 2) secondary headaches: sleep apnea headache, 3) temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) and 4) painful cranial neuropathies: trigeminal neuralgia, post-herpetic trigeminal neuropathy, painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PTTN) and burning mouth syndrome (BMS)...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
Tara Renton, Nadine Kahwaja
Neuropathic pain is a significant social and economic burden. Back pain, joint pain and headaches affect over 30% of the population. Chronic orofacial pain is a common condition and is difficult to diagnose and manage. This two-part paper aims to provide an overview of novel understanding of neuropathic pain, and furnish clinical teams with an update on the less common and less well-recognized chronic orofacial conditions. Headaches and temporomandibular disorders are the most common conditions and are covered in separate papers (6 and 10)...
October 2015: Dental Update
Hyun-Mi Oh, Myung Eun Chung
Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), derived from Clostridium botulinum, has been used therapeutically for focal dystonia, spasticity, and chronic migraine. Its spectrum as a potential treatment for neuropathic pain has grown. Recent opinions on the mechanism behind the antinociceptive effects of BoNT suggest that it inhibits the release of peripheral neurotransmitters and inflammatory mediators from sensory nerves. There is some evidence showing the axonal transport of BoNT, but it remains controversial. The aim of this review is to summarize the experimental and clinical evidence of the antinociceptive effects, mechanisms, and therapeutic applications of BoNT for neuropathic pain conditions, including postherpetic neuralgia, complex regional pain syndrome, and trigeminal neuralgia...
August 14, 2015: Toxins
Héctor García-Moreno, Ángel Aledo-Serrano, Jesús Gimeno-Hernández, María-Luz Cuadrado
BACKGROUND: Nasal pain is a challenging diagnosis and very little has been reported in the neurological literature. The nose is a sophisticated structure regarding its innervation, which is supplied by the first and second divisions of the trigeminal nerve. Painful cranial neuropathies are an important group in the differential diagnosis, although they have been described only scarcely. Here, we report a case that can conform a non-traumatic external nasal nerve neuralgia. CASE: A 76-year-old woman was referred to our office due to pain in her left nose...
October 2015: Headache
Srinivas Chivukula, Zachary J Tempel, Ching-Jen Chen, Samuel S Shin, Abhiram V Gande, John J Moossy
BACKGROUND: The role for nucleus caudalis (NC) and spinal dorsal root entry zone (DREZ) lesioning in the management of chronic pain emanating from increased electrical activity in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and brainstem remains largely uncharted. METHODS: All patients who underwent NC and spinal DREZ lesioning by a single surgeon were identified and follow-up was obtained by telephone questionnaires. Patient demographics, surgical details, outcomes, and complications were critically reviewed for all patients identified...
August 2015: World Neurosurgery
Andrzej Szczudlik, Jan Dobrogowski, Jerzy Wordliczek, Adam Stępień, Małgorzata Krajnik, Wojciech Leppert, Jarosław Woroń, Anna Przeklasa-Muszyńska, Magdalena Kocot-Kępska, Renata Zajączkowska, Marcin Janecki, Anna Adamczyk, Małgorzata Malec-Milewska
Neuropathic pain may be caused by a variety of lesions or diseases of both the peripheral and central nervous system. The most common and best known syndromes of peripheral neuropathic pain are painful diabetic neuropathy, trigeminal and post-herpetic neuralgia, persistent post-operative and post-traumatic pain, complex regional pain syndrome, cancer-related neuropathic pain, HIV-related neuropathic pain and pain after amputation. The less common central pain comprises primarily central post-stroke pain, pain after spinal cord injury, central pain in Parkinson disease or in other neurodegenerative diseases, pain in syringomyelia and in multiple sclerosis...
2014: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
Foad Elahi, Kwo Wei David Ho
Anesthesia dolorosa is an uncommon deafferentation pain that can occur after traumatic or surgical injury to the trigeminal nerve. This creates spontaneous pain signals without nociceptive stimuli. Compression of the trigeminal nerve due to acoustic neuromas or other structures near the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) can cause trigeminal neuralgia, but the occurrence of anesthesia dolorosa subsequent to acoustic tumor removal has not been described in the medical literature. We report two cases of acoustic neuroma surgery presented with anesthesia dolorosa along the trigeminal nerve distribution...
2014: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
T Benromano, R Defrin, A H Ahn, J Zhao, C G Pick, D Levy
BACKGROUND: Headache is one of the most common symptoms following traumatic head injury. The mechanisms underlying the emergence of such post-traumatic headache (PTH) remain unknown but may be related to injury of deep cranial tissues or damage to central pain processing pathways, as a result of brain injury. METHODS: A mild closed head injury in mice combined with the administration of cranial or hindpaw formalin tests was used to examine post-traumatic changes in the nociceptive processing from deep cranial tissues or the hindpaw...
May 2015: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Sheena Derry, Philip J Wiffen, R Andrew Moore, Jane Quinlan
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine is a local anaesthetic that is sometimes used on the skin to treat neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the analgesic efficacy of topical lidocaine for chronic neuropathic pain in adults, and to assess the associated adverse events. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE from inception to 1 July 2014, together with the reference lists of retrieved papers and other reviews. We also searched ClinicalTrials...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
W Dieb, A Hafidi
BACKGROUND: GABA disinhibition within the spinal dorsal horn has been implicated in pain hypersensitivity on injury in different neuropathic models. However, GABA alteration has been explored in only one study on trigeminal neuropathic pain. METHODS: The present study investigated the implication of GABA in trigeminal dynamic mechanical allodynia (DMA) obtained after chronic constriction of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-IoN), and explored the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which GABA dysfunction induced DMA...
January 2015: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Joel J Napeñas, Joanna M Zakrzewska
SUMMARY Trigeminal neuropathic pains have presented diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to providers. In addition, knowledge of pathophysiology, current classification systems, taxonomy and phenotyping of these conditions are incomplete. While trigeminal neuralgia is the most identifiable and studied, other conditions are being recognized and require distinct management approaches. Furthermore, other facial pain conditions such as atypical odontalgia and burning mouth syndrome are now considered to have neuropathic elements in their etiology...
July 2011: Pain Management
E Alexandra Brown, Sonja G Schütz, David M Simpson
In recent years, a large body of data has surfaced reporting the therapeutic benefit of botulinum toxin injection in multiple conditions. The aim of this review is: to summarize the highest quality literature pertaining to clinical application of botulinum toxin in neuropathic pain conditions including postherpetic neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, diabetic polyneuropathy, post-traumatic neuralgia, carpal tunnel syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, phantom limb and stump pain, and occipital neuralgia; to provide an overview of the clinical trials using botulinum toxin in adult spasticity; and to assign levels of evidence according to the American Academy of Neurology guidelines...
March 2014: Pain Management
Yaron Haviv, Yehuda Zadik, Yair Sharav, Rafael Benoliel
AIMS: To evaluate pharmacotherapeutic success in patients with painful traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PTTN) and to identify patient or pain characteristics that may predict treatment outcome. METHODS: Pharmacotherapy was instituted for PTTN patients and was based on widely accepted protocols for neuropathic pain and conducted in an open fashion. Outcome was assessed by employing prospective diaries recording pain intensity measured with an 11-point (0 to 10) verbal pain score (VPS)...
2014: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
Jared G Smith, Leigh-Ann Elias, Zehra Yilmaz, Sarah Barker, Kunal Shah, Sajni Shah, Tara Renton
AIMS: To explore the impact of trigeminal nerve injuries on quality of life, including the effect of pain on psychological and affective function. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional survey design was employed. Fifty-six patients with inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI) and 33 patients with lingual nerve injury (LNI) completed standardized self-report measures of pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, self-efficacy to cope with pain, and mood, in addition to generic and oral health-related quality of life (HRQoL) indicators...
2013: Journal of Orofacial Pain
F Granata, C Alafaci, M Passalacqua, F Cacciola, M Caffo, F M Salpietro, S L Vinci, M Longo
Non-traumatic intradiploic arachnoid cyst is a rare condition. We describe a young man with typical trigeminal neuralgia and intradiploic arachnoid cyst at the greater wing of the sphenoid. The patient was successfully treated with medical therapy. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a possible correlation between trigeminal neuralgia and intraosseous arachnoid cyst. We describe the clinical case, the possible pathogenetic mechanism and briefly review the literature.
December 30, 2011: Neuroradiology Journal
D Leclercq, J-B Thiebaut, F Héran
Two different clinical entities, essential or secondary neuralgia, are associated with different pathologies. The pathways of CN V comprise the cervical spine, the brainstem, the root of the nerve and the three peripheral branches: V1, V2 and V3. The lesions responsible for neuralgia are neoplastic, vascular, inflammatory, malformative or post-traumatic. The examination protocol should explore the set of CN V pathways. Neurovascular compression is the main cause of essential neuralgia. It is investigated by T2-weighted inframillimetric volume...
October 2013: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
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