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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328086/recruitment-and-retention-of-low-ses-ethnic-minority-couples-in-intervention-research-at-the-transition-to-parenthood
#1
Katherine J W Baucom, Xiao S Chen, Nicholas S Perry, Kaddy Y Revolorio, Astrid Reina, Andrew Christensen
Low-SES couples have limited resources to manage the chronic and acute stressors with which they are disproportionately faced. Although these couples are at greater risk for negative individual and relationship outcomes, evaluations of the impact of couple relationship education (CRE) in low-SES couples have been plagued by methodological problems, most notably challenges associated with recruitment and retention. We review the literature on challenges couples face associated with low-SES, as well as on recruitment, retention, and CRE in low-SES, ethnic minority populations...
March 22, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326795/digital-health-care-by-in-silico-glycation-of-hba1-blood-cells
#2
James M Minor, Leslie M Rickey, Richard M Bergenstal
BACKGROUND: Diabetes health care relies on the HbA1c (A1c) assay and associated average glucose (AG) to evaluate and control chronic glycemia. However, the A1c assay is plagued with significant noise, lag time, and specificity issues. Current studies support the significant health care advantage of clinical action based on real-time blood glucose (BG) metrics. We seek to improve diabetes management by directly relating such metrics to AG levels as mediated by recently discovered recurrent endocrine cycles...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320263/duck-virus-enteritis-duck-plague-a-comprehensive-update
#3
Kuldeep Dhama, Naveen Kumar, Mani Saminathan, Ruchi Tiwari, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, M Asok Kumar, M Palanivelu, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Yashpal Singh Malik, Raj Kumar Singh
Duck virus enteritis (DVE), also called duck plague, is one of the major contagious and fatal diseases of ducks, geese and swan. It is caused by duck enteritis virus (DEV)/Anatid herpesvirus-1 of the genus Mardivirus, family Herpesviridae, and subfamily Alpha-herpesvirinae. Of note, DVE has worldwide distribution, wherein migratory waterfowl plays a crucial role in its transmission within and between continents. Furthermore, horizontal and/ or vertical transmission plays a significant role in disease spread through oral-fecal discharges...
December 2017: Veterinary Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301752/coded-apertures-in-mass-spectrometry
#4
Jason J Amsden, Michael E Gehm, Zachary E Russell, Evan X Chen, Shane T Di Dona, Scott D Wolter, Ryan M Danell, Gottfried Kibelka, Charles B Parker, Brian R Stoner, David J Brady, Jeffrey T Glass
The use of coded apertures in mass spectrometry can break the trade-off between throughput and resolution that has historically plagued conventional instruments. Despite their very early stage of development, coded apertures have been shown to increase throughput by more than one order of magnitude, with no loss in resolution in a simple 90-degree magnetic sector. This enhanced throughput can increase the signal level with respect to the underlying noise, thereby significantly improving sensitivity to low concentrations of analyte...
March 6, 2017: Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297603/improving-the-efficiency-of-nonequilibrium-sampling-in-the-aqueous-environment-via-implicit-solvent-simulations
#5
Hui Liu, Fu Chen, Huiyong Sun, Dan Li, Tingjun Hou
By means of estimators based on nonequilibrium work, equilibrium free energy differences or potentials of mean force (PMFs) of a system of interest can be computed from biased molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The approach, however, is often plagued by slow conformational sampling and poor convergence, especially when the solvent effects are taken into account. Here, as a possible way to alleviate the problem, several widely-used implicit solvent models, which are derived from the analytic generalized Born (GB) equation and implemented in the AMBER suite of programs, were employed in free energy calculations based on nonequilibrium work and evaluated for their abilities to emulate explicit water...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293231/isolation-of-francisella-tularensis-and-yersinia-pestis-from-blood-cultures-by-plasma-purification-and-immunomagnetic-separation-accelerates-antibiotic-susceptibility-determination
#6
Ronit Aloni-Grinstein, Ofir Schuster, Shmuel Yitzhaki, Moshe Aftalion, Sharon Maoz, Ida Steinberger-Levy, Raphael Ber
The early symptoms of tularemia and plague, which are caused by Francisella tularensis and Yersinia pestis infection, respectively, are common to other illnesses, resulting in a low index of suspicion among clinicians. Moreover, because these diseases can be treated only with antibiotics, rapid isolation of the bacteria and antibiotic susceptibility testing (AST) are preferable. Blood cultures of patients may serve as a source for bacteria isolation. However, due to the slow growth rates of F. tularensis and Y...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290832/-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-coronary-atherosclerotic-plaques-comparison-with-intravascular-ultrasound
#7
T N Veselova, M S Shabanova, V M Mironov, I N Merkulova, S K Ternovoy
PURPOSE: Determination of computed tomography angiography (CTA) informativeness in assessment of state of atherosclerotic coronary plaque (ACP) and identification of signs of its instability compared with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Coronary CTA was carried out in 52 patients with clinical presentation of non-ST elevation (NSTE) acute coronary syndrome on the first day of hospitalization. ACPs were identified in 32 of 52 patients (61...
January 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286751/new-delivery-systems-of-stem-cells-for-vascular-regeneration-in-ischemia
#8
REVIEW
Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya
The finances of patients and countries are increasingly overwhelmed with the plague of cardiovascular diseases as a result of having to chronically manage the associated complications of ischemia such as heart failures, neurological deficits, chronic limb ulcers, gangrenes, and amputations. Hence, scientific research has sought for alternate therapies since pharmacological and surgical treatments have fallen below expectations in providing the desired quality of life. The advent of stem cells research has raised expectations with respect to vascular regeneration and tissue remodeling, hence assuring the patients of the possibility of an improved quality of life...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285247/compulsive-buying-and-quality-of-life-an-estimate-of-the-monetary-cost-of-compulsive-buying-among-adults-in-early-midlife
#9
Chenshu Zhang, Judith S Brook, Carl G Leukefeld, Mario De La Rosa, David W Brook
The aims of this study were to examine the associations between compulsive buying and quality of life and to estimate the monetary cost of compulsive buying for a cohort of men and women at mean age 43. Participants came from a community-based random sample of residents in two New York counties (N=548). The participants were followed from adolescence to early midlife. The mean age of participants at the most recent interview was 43.0 (SD=2.8). Fifty five percent of the participants were females. Over 90% of the participants were white...
March 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279793/identification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-conserved-46-kd-maltoporin-of-aeromonas-hydrophila-as-a-versatile-vaccine-candidate-in-european-eel-anguilla-anguilla
#10
Jianjun Feng, Peng Lin, Songlin Guo, Yuanyuan Jia, Yilei Wang, Frank Zadlock, Ziping Zhang
European eel (Anguilla anguilla) is a crucial economic fish that has been plagued by Aeromonas hydrophila infections for many years. Vaccines that are cross-protective against multiple serotypes could provide an effective control against A. hydrophila-mediated diseases. The outer membrane proteins (OMPs) are highly immunogenic and capable of eliciting protective immune responses. This study reports the identification of a novel 46 kD maltoporin that is a conserved protective antigen for different serotypes of A...
March 6, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277071/chemical-component-separation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-botulinum-toxin-for-management-of-ventral-hernia
#11
Jason M Weissler, Michael A Lanni, Michael G Tecce, Martin J Carney, Valeriy Shubinets, John P Fischer
BACKGROUND: Ventral hernia represents a surgical challenge plagued by high morbidity and recurrence rates. Primary closure of challenging hernias is often prohibited by severe lateral retraction and tension of the abdominal wall musculature. Botulinum toxin injections have recently been identified as a potential pre-operative means to counteract abdominal wall tension, reduce hernia size, and facilitate fascial closure during hernia repair. This systematic review and meta-analysis reviews outcomes associated with botulinum toxin injections in the setting of ventral hernia, and demonstrates an opportunity to leverage this mainstream aesthetic product for use in abdominal wall reconstruction...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274750/the-society-for-vascular-surgery-wound-ischemia-and-foot-infection-wifi-classification-system-predicts-wound-healing-but-not-major-amputation-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcers-treated-in-a-multidisciplinary-setting
#12
Nestoras Mathioudakis, Caitlin W Hicks, Joseph K Canner, Ronald L Sherman, Kathryn F Hines, Ying W Lum, Bruce A Perler, Christopher J Abularrage
OBJECTIVE: The Society for Vascular Surgery Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) threatened limb classification has been shown to correlate well with risk of major amputation and time to wound healing in heterogeneous diabetic and nondiabetic populations. Major amputation continues to plague the most severe stage 4 WIfI patients, with 1-year amputation rates of 20% to 64%. Our aim was to determine the association between WIfI stage and wound healing and major amputation among patients with diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) treated in a multidisciplinary setting...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271989/q-a-a-conversation-with-david-france-the-hiv-aid-plague-years-and-where-we-stand-now
#13
Peter Wehrwein
Journalist David France's How to Survive A Plague is a searing firsthand account of the early years of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in New York City. AIDS activists, most of them gay men, were fighting for their lives. Researchers, politicians, public health officials, and pharma were slow to respond-or resisted outright.
February 2017: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270433/waste-leaks-and-failures-in-the-biomarker-pipeline
#14
REVIEW
John P A Ioannidis, Patrick M M Bossuyt
BACKGROUND: The large, expanding literature on biomarkers is characterized by almost ubiquitous significant results, with claims about the potential importance, but few of these discovered biomarkers are used in routine clinical care. CONTENT: The pipeline of biomarker development includes several specific stages: discovery, validation, clinical translation, evaluation, implementation (and, in the case of nonutility, deimplementation). Each of these stages can be plagued by problems that cause failures of the overall pipeline...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266839/walnut-like-porous-core-shell-tio2-with-hybridized-phases-enabling-fast-and-stable-lithium-storage
#15
Yi Cai, Hongen Wang, Xu Zhao, Fei Huang, Chao Wang, Zhao Deng, Yu Li, Guozhong Cao, Bao-Lian Su
TiO2 is a promising and safe anode material for lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, its practical application has been plagued by its poor rate capability and cycling properties. Herein, we successfully demonstrate a novel structured TiO2 anode with excellent rate capability and ultra-long cycle life. The TiO2 material reported here shows a walnut-like porous core/shell structure with hybridized anatase/amorphous phases. The effective synergy of the unique walnut-like porous core/shell structure, the phase hybridization with nanoscale coherent heterointerfaces, as well as the presence of minor carbon species endows the TiO2 material with superior lithium storage properties in terms of high capacity (~177 mA h g-1 at 1 C, 1 C=170 mA g-1), good rate capability (62 mA h g-1 at 100 C), and excellent cycling stability (~83 mA h g-1 was retained over 10000 cycles at 10 C with a capacity decay of 0...
March 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263594/semistochastic-heat-bath-configuration-interaction-method-selected-configuration-interaction-with-semistochastic-perturbation-theory
#16
Sandeep Sharma, Adam A Holmes, Guillaume Jeanmairet, Ali Alavi, Cyrus J Umrigar
We extend the recently proposed heat-bath configuration interaction (HCI) method [Holmes, Tubman, Umrigar, J. Chem. Theory Comput. 12, 3674 (2016)], by introducing a semistochastic algorithm for performing multireference Epstein-Nesbet perturbation theory, in order to completely eliminate the severe memory bottleneck of the original method. The proposed algorithm has several attractive features. First, there is no sign problem that plagues several quantum Monte Carlo methods. Second, instead of using Metropolis-Hastings sampling, we use the Alias method to directly sample determinants from the reference wavefunction, thus avoiding correlations between consecutive samples...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263352/strategies-to-reduce-nursing-student-test-anxiety-a-literature-review
#17
Brenna L Quinn, Anya Peters
BACKGROUND: Nursing students are plagued by test anxiety. Chronic stress, heavy academic workloads, and rigorous progression standards are antecedents of test anxiety in nursing students. The purpose of this article is to identify helpful interventions to decrease test anxiety in prelicensure nursing students. METHOD: This systematic review was completed using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis) guidelines. Four electronic databases were searched using the terms nurs*, anxiety, test, NCLEX, strategies, and exam*...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262733/network-theory-may-explain-the-vulnerability-of-medieval-human-settlements-to-the-black-death-pandemic
#18
José M Gómez, Miguel Verdú
Epidemics can spread across large regions becoming pandemics by flowing along transportation and social networks. Two network attributes, transitivity (when a node is connected to two other nodes that are also directly connected between them) and centrality (the number and intensity of connections with the other nodes in the network), are widely associated with the dynamics of transmission of pathogens. Here we investigate how network centrality and transitivity influence vulnerability to diseases of human populations by examining one of the most devastating pandemic in human history, the fourteenth century plague pandemic called Black Death...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260338/-genotyping-by-crispr-and-regional-distribution-of-yersinia-pestis-in-qinghai-plateau-from-1954-to-2011
#19
X Q Xu, Y Q Xin, X Li, Q W Zhang, X Y Yang, Y Jin, H H Zhao, X Jin, Z Z Qi
Objective: To investigate the CRISPR genotypes (clusters) and regional distribution of Yersinia pestis in Qinghai-plateau. Methods: One hundred and two isolates of Y. pestis isolated from human plague patients, host animal and insect vectors from Qinghai-plateau were selected. The DNAs were extracted using the traditional sodium dodecyl sulfate decomposition and phenol-chloroform method. Three CRISPR loci YPa, YPb and YPc of 102 isolates of Y. pesits were amplified and sequenced, and then the CRISPR sequence analysis was carried out by comparing the latest published CRISPR spacer dictionary and the NCBI database to identify the spacer and spacer array...
March 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258290/-improving-pre-and-perioperative-hospital-care-major-elective-surgery
#20
Ilona M Punt, Roel van der Most, Bart C Bongers, Anouk Didden, Erik H J Hulzebos, Jaap J Dronkers, Nico L U van Meeteren
Surgery is aimed at improving a patient's health. However, surgery is plagued with a risk of negative consequences, such as perioperative complications and prolonged hospitalization. Also, achieving preoperative levels of physical functionality may be delayed. Above all, the "waiting" period before the operation and the period of hospitalisation endanger the state of health, especially in frail patients.The Better in Better out™ (BiBo™) strategy is aimed at reducing the risk of a complicated postoperative course through the optimisation and professionalisation of perioperative treatment strategies in a physiotherapy activating context...
March 3, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
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