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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913001/cancer-related-fatigue-persistent-pervasive-and-problematic
#1
REVIEW
Lynn H Gerber
Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is commonly reported by patients with cancer before, during, and after treatment. It is a persistent sense of tiredness that interferes with function, is distressing, and requires monitoring and, possibly, treatment. Fatigue assessment requires objective measures and self-reports, such as Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Fatigue. Significant contributors to CRF include anemia, pain, insomnia, depressive symptoms, and elevated BMI. Elevated inflammatory cytokines, diabetes mellitus, cortisol, and cellular dysregulation have been associated with CRF...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899489/diabetes-device-use-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-barriers-to-uptake-and-potential-intervention-targets
#2
Molly L Tanenbaum, Sarah J Hanes, Kellee M Miller, Diana Naranjo, Rachel Bensen, Korey K Hood
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes devices (insulin pumps, continuous glucose monitors [CGMs]) are associated with benefits for glycemic control, yet uptake of these devices continues to be low. Some barriers to device uptake may be modifiable through psychosocial intervention, but little is known about which barriers and which patients to target. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We surveyed 1,503 adult T1D Exchange participants (mean age 35.3 [SD 14.8] years, diagnosis duration 20...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894461/does-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-benefit-all-people-with-diabetes-and-comorbid-emotional-complaints-equally-moderators-in-the-diamind-trial
#3
Ivan Nyklíček, Jenny van Son, Victor J Pop, Johan Denollet, François Pouwer
OBJECTIVES: Research has shown the effectiveness of mindfulness-based interventions for a variety of emotional problems in different samples, but it is unknown which factors influence this effectiveness. Therefore, the aim of the current study was: which factors (demographic, personality, and baseline levels of mindfulness skills) moderate the effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)? METHODS: Outpatients with diabetes (type 1 or type 2; N=139) and an elevated level of emotional distress participated in the Diabetes and Mindfulness (DiaMind) trial...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878580/depressive-symptom-trajectories-in-the-first-10-years-of-diabetes-diagnosis-antecedent-factors-and-link-with-future-disability-in-taiwan
#4
Ching-Ju Chiu, Yu-Hsuan Tseng, Yu-Ching Hsu, Shang-Te Wu
PURPOSE: This study identified depressive symptom trajectories in the years after diabetes diagnosis, examined factors that predict the probability for people following a specific trajectory, and investigated how the trajectories are associated with subsequent disability. METHODS: We drew data from a nationally representative survey in Taiwan to identify adults aged 50 and older diagnosed with diabetes; 487 patients newly diagnosed with diabetes during 1996-2007 were included...
November 23, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871165/acute-pancreatitis-complicated-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-a-young-adult-without-hypertriglyceridemia-a-case-report
#5
Jung Hyun Kim, Myung Jin Oh
Systemic complications related to acute pancreatitis include acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hypocalcemia, hyperglycemia, and insulin dependent diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. In practice, the development of diabetic ketoacidosis induced by acute pancreatitis is rare and generally associated with hypertriglyceridemia. However, herein we report a case of a 34-year-old female without hypertriglyceridemia, who was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis complicated with diabetic ketoacidosis...
November 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865017/isolated-thoughts-and-feelings-and-unsolved-concerns-adolescents-and-parents-perspectives-on-living-with-type-1-diabetes-a-qualitative-study-using-visual-storytelling
#6
Pernille Castensøe-Seidenfaden, Grete Teilmann, Finn Kensing, Eva Hommel, Birthe Susanne Olsen, Gitte Reventlov Husted
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore and describe the experiences of adolescents and their parents living with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), to identify their needs for support to improve adolescents' self-management skills in the transition from child- to adulthood. BACKGROUND: Adolescents with T1DM often experience deteriorating glycemic control and distress. Parents are important in adolescents' ability to self-manage T1DM, but they report anxiety and frustrations. A better understanding of the challenges adolescents and parents face, in relation to the daily self-management of T1DM, is important to improve clinical practice...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864318/coronary-heart-disease-and-risk-factors-as-predictors-of-trajectories-of-psychological-distress-from-midlife-to-old-age
#7
Marianna Virtanen, Marko Elovainio, Kim Josefsson, G David Batty, Archana Singh-Manoux, Mika Kivimäki
OBJECTIVE: To examine coronary heart disease (CHD) and its risk factors as predictors of long-term trajectories of psychological distress from midlife to old age. METHODS: In the Whitehall II cohort study, 6890 participants (4814 men, 2076 women; mean age 49.5 years) had up to seven repeat assessments of psychological distress over 21 years (mean follow-up 19 years). CHD and its risk factors (lifestyle-related risk factors, diabetes, hypertension and cholesterol) were assessed at baseline...
November 18, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862194/associations-of-changes-in-psychosocial-factors-and-their-interactions-with-diabetes-distress-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study
#8
Ruey-Hsia Wang, Hui-Chun Hsu, Chia-Chan Kao, Yung-Mei Yang, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Shyi-Jang Shin
AIM: To assess the associations of changes in self-management behaviours, diabetes self-efficacy, resilience, social support, patient empowerment and their interactions with changes in diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. BACKGROUND: Many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus experience diabetes distress. Few longitudinal studies have investigated the associations of changes in various psychosocial factors with changes in diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817770/-effect-of-advanced-maternal-age-on-birth-defects-and-postnatal-complications-of-neonates
#9
Zheng Wang, Li Li, Xue-Ya Lei, Jin Xue, Hong-Ying Mi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of advanced maternal age on birth defects and postnatal complications of neonates. METHODS: Among the 1 109 neonates who were born at The First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province between January 2014 and December 2015, 536 neonates whose mothers were aged ≥35 years were enrolled as advanced age group and 573 neonates whose mothers were aged <35 years were enrolled as appropriate-age group. The incidences of the comorbidities in pregnancy, fetal intrauterine distress, neonatal birth defects, and postnatal complications were compared between the two groups...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812048/management-of-eczema-herpeticum-in-a-burn-unit
#10
Muhammad Sohail, Farid Ahmad Khan, Hussan Birkhez Shami, Muhammad Mustehsan Bashir
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical features, course and outcome of eczema herpeticum in burn patients. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the King Edward Medical University / Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from November 2012 to October 2015, and comprised eczema herpeticum patients. Demographic and clinical features of the patients, treatment protocols and outcomes were noted. SPSS 18 was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Of the 18 patients, 10(56%) were females and 8(44%) were males...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811458/surgical-site-infection-in-posterior-spine-surgery
#11
O A Ojo, B S Owolabi, A W Oseni, O O Kanu, O B Bankole
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs) in spine surgery remain a significant cause of morbidity and prolonged hospitalization. Factors affecting SSI includes patient's comorbidities, duration of surgery, type and indication for surgery among others. We intend to document our experience in our center and highlight possible factors influencing SSI in posterior spine surgery. METHODOLOGY: All consecutive patients who had posterior spine surgeries between January 2012 and July 2014 were recruited into the study...
November 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808528/avoidant-coping-and-diabetes-related-distress-pathways-to-adolescents-type-1-diabetes-outcomes
#12
Esti Iturralde, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Korey K Hood
Objective: Adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) are vulnerable to diabetes-related distress and often struggle to complete self-management tasks needed to maintain blood glucose values in target range. One way that youth with T1D handle problems is through avoidant coping. The current study examined cross-time associations between avoidant coping style and diabetes outcomes and tested the possible mediating role of diabetes-related distress. Method: Adolescents with T1D (N = 264) were assessed 4 times over 1 year to measure avoidant coping style, diabetes-related distress, adherence (on the basis of glucometer data and self-report), and glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c)...
November 3, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807014/continuous-glucose-monitoring-cgm-adherence-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-associations-with-biomedical-and-psychosocial-variables
#13
Elisa Giani, Rebecca Snelgrove, Lisa K Volkening, Lori M Laffel
BACKGROUND: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) remains underutilized in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D). There is a need to investigate factors associated with CGM use. METHOD: In 61 T1D youth, CGM use was ascertained by downloads reflecting the 4-week periods preceding 3- and 6-month study visits. Demographic and clinical data were obtained from chart review and interview. Youth and parents completed validated psychosocial surveys at baseline and 6 months. RESULTS: Youth (52% male, 93% Caucasian, 80% pump treated) were 12...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797932/tangled-up-in-blue-unraveling-the-links-between-emotional-distress-and-treatment-adherence-in-type-2-diabetes
#14
Jeffrey S Gonzalez, Naomi S Kane, Deborah H Binko, Amit Shapira, Claire J Hoogendoorn
OBJECTIVE: We conducted comprehensive assessments of emotional distress to examine relations with diabetes medication adherence over time. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Ethnically and socioeconomically diverse adults treated for type 2 diabetes completed validated self-reports (SRs) for diabetes distress and depression, were administered semistructured depression interviews, and provided blood samples for A1C. Medication adherence among 104 participants was electronically monitored (EM) over the subsequent 3 months; validated SRs of medication adherence were also obtained...
October 17, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797931/effectiveness-of-hypoaware-a-brief-partly-web-based-psychoeducational-intervention-for-adults-with-type-1-and-insulin-treated-type-2-diabetes-and-problematic-hypoglycemia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Stefanie M P A Rondags, Maartje de Wit, Jos W Twisk, Frank J Snoek
OBJECTIVE: To establish the effectiveness of a brief, partly web-based group intervention, HypoAware, in patients with problematic hypoglycemia, in terms of the reduction of severe hypoglycemic episodes, impaired hypoglycemia awareness, and worries. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A two-arm, cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted in insulin-treated patients with problematic hypoglycemia in eight Dutch clinics comparing HypoAware with care as usual. Primary outcomes included self-reported severe hypoglycemia, impaired hypoglycemia awareness (Gold score), and worries and distress about hypoglycemia (Hypoglycemia Fear Survey-II/Problem Areas In Diabetes scale hypo-item), assessed at baseline, and at 2, 4, and 6 months of follow-up...
October 20, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787619/trajectories-of-depression-in-adults-with-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes-results-from-the-german-multicenter-diabetes-cohort-study
#16
Hanna Kampling, Frank Petrak, Erik Farin, Bernd Kulzer, Stephan Herpertz, Oskar Mittag
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: There is a paucity of longitudinal data on type 1 diabetes and depression, especially in adults. The present study prospectively analysed trajectories of depressive symptoms in adults during the first 5 years of living with type 1 diabetes. We aimed to identify distinct trajectories of depressive symptoms and to examine how they affect diabetes outcome. METHODS: We reanalysed data from a prospective multicentre observational cohort study including 313 adults with newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes...
January 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776846/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-complications-by-antenatal-corticosteroid-administration
#17
T Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term benefits and risks associated with antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids and the related strategies: multiple and rescue courses. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids before 34 weeks of gestation is associated in the neonatal period with a significant reduction of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and death (LE1), and in possibly childhood with a reduction of cerebral palsy and increased psychomotor development index and intact survival (LE3)...
October 21, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776561/prenatal-exposure-to-very-severe-maternal-obesity-is-associated-with-adverse-neuropsychiatric-outcomes-in-children
#18
T H Mina, M Lahti, A J Drake, K Räikkönen, H Minnis, F C Denison, J E Norman, R M Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal obesity has been linked to adverse childhood neuropsychiatric outcomes, including increased symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), internalizing and externalizing problems, affective disorders and neurodevelopmental problems but few studies have studied neuropsychiatric outcomes among offspring born to very severely obese women or assessed potential familial confounding by maternal psychological distress. METHOD: We evaluated neuropsychiatric symptoms in 112 children aged 3-5 years whose mothers had participated in a longitudinal study of obesity in pregnancy (50 very severe obesity, BMI ⩾40 kg/m2, obese class III and 62 lean, BMI 18...
October 25, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769955/do-web-based-interventions-improve-well-being-in-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Jo Byrne, Danielle H Bodicoat, Noelle Robertson, Helen Eborall, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies
BACKGROUND: Poor diabetes self-care can have a negative impact on psychological well-being and quality of life. Given the scarcity of traditional psychological support and the barriers to uptake of and attendance at face-to-face education programs, Web-based interventions are becoming a popular approach to provide an additional platform for psychological support in long-term conditions. However, there is limited evidence to assess the effect of Web-based psychological support in people with type 2 diabetes...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759822/clinical-and-sociodemographic-variables-associated-with-diabetes-related-distress-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Flávia Cristina Zanchetta, Danilo Donizetti Trevisan, Priscila Peruzzo Apolinario, Juliana Bastoni da Silva, Maria Helena de Melo Lima
Objective: To evaluate the relation between diabetes-related distress and the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a secondary analysis of data collected at a specialized care outpatient center in Brazil. Participants completed a questionnaire on sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and the Brazilian version of the Diabetes Distress Scale (B-DDS). Results: About 31% of the 130 eligible patients reported diabetes distress, and the mean B-DDS score was 2...
July 2016: Einstein
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