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Dislipemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759985/adecuaci%C3%A3-n-de-las-peticiones-de-los-niveles-de-vitamina-d-al-laboratorio
#1
Francisco Javier Valero Chávez, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Javier Cubero Juánez
Introducción: ante las nuevas implicaciones atribuidas a la vitamina D y la asociación con enfermedades tales como el cáncer, diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares, autoinmunes y mortalidad, no es de extrañar que se haya defendido la medición de los niveles de vitamina D en la población general. Sin embargo, no existen datos experimentales que demuestren la viabilidad y rentabilidad de la estrategia de cribado en la población y tampoco se ha comprobado la existencia de beneficios para la salud, por lo que en la actualidad solo es aconsejable la medida de 25 (OH) vitamina D en los grupos de personas de alto riesgo como indican las guías clínicas internacionales...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692633/-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-snd-treatment-i-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-association-with-cardiovascular-disease
#2
Ángel Brea, Xavier Pintó, Juan F Ascaso, Mariano Blasco, Ángel Díaz, Pedro González-Santos, Antonio Hernández Mijares, Teresa Mantilla, Jesús Millán, Juan Pedro-Botet
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a series of histologically lesions similar to those induced by alcohol consumption in people with very little or no liver damage. The importance of NAFLD is its high prevalence in the Western world and, from the point of view of the liver, in its gradual progression from steatosis to steatohepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. During the last decade it has been observed that NAFLD leads to an increased cardiovascular risk with acceleration of arteriosclerosis and events related to it, being the main cause of its morbidity and mortality...
September 27, 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692632/-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-association-with-cardiovascular-disease-and-treatment-ii-the-treatment-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#3
Ángel Brea, Xavier Pintó, Juan F Ascaso, Mariano Blasco, Ángel Díaz, Pedro González-Santos, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Teresa Mantilla, Jesús Millán, Juan Pedro-Botet
Disease nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a series of histologically similar to those induced by alcohol consumption in people with very little or no liver damage same. The importance of NAFLD is its high prevalence in our Western societies, from the point of view liver in its progressive evolution from steatosis to steatohepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer. During the last decade it has been observed that NAFLD leads to an increased cardiovascular risk with accelerated atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality...
September 27, 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633523/-the-real-measurement-of-non-hdl-cholesterol-atherogenic-cholesterol
#4
Jesús Millán, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Juan F Ascaso, Mariano Blasco, Angel Brea, Ángel Díaz, Pedro González-Santos, Teresa Mantilla, Juan Pedro-Botet, Xavier Pintó
Lowe density lipoproteins (LDL) are the causal agent of cardiovascular diseases. In practice, we identify LDL with cholesterol transported in LDL (cLDL). So, cLDL has become the major target for cardiovascular prevention. Howewer, we have progressive evidences about the role of triglycerides rich lipoproteins, particularly those very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) in promotion and progression of atherosclerosis, that leads cholesterol in VLDL and its remanents as a potential therapeutic target. This feature is particularly important and of a great magnitude, in patients with hypertiglyceridemia...
September 12, 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609708/-fibrates-therapy-rational-use-fenofibrate-2016-executive-summary
#5
Angel Brea, Jesús Millán, Juan F Ascaso, Mariano Blasco, Angel Díaz, Pedro González-Santos, Antonio Hernández-Mijares, Teresa Mantilla, Juan C Pedro-Botet, Xavier Pintó
To control lipid factors risk, beyond proper management of LDL cholesterol according to individual risk, detection and treatment of atherogenic dyslipidemia and abnormal levels of triglycerides or HDL cholesterol it should be considered for address a global cardiovascular protection, both in primary and secondary prevention. In this sense, these recommendations collect data on efficacy and safety about the combination statin with fibrates, often necessary for total control of dyslipidemia, particularly in patients with metabolic disorders such as diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome or visceral obesity...
September 5, 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571861/-not-available
#6
Alba M Santaliestra-Pasías, Silvia Bel-Serrat, Luis A Moreno, Gloria Bueno
Introducción: la elevada prevalencia de obesidad en niños es un problema de salud global y conlleva el desarrollo de comorbilidades asociadas, como hipertensión, dislipemia, inflamación crónica e hiperinsulinemia, que a su vez son reconocidos factores de riesgo cardiovascular. Algunos estudios han observado que el consumo de productos lácteos podría ejercer un papel protector sobre el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares; sin embargo, la evidencia científica es bastante limitada en niños y adolescentes...
July 12, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513511/-not-available
#7
Raúl Domínguez, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño, José Luis Maté-Muñoz
La fuerza influye directamente en el estado de salud y en la capacidad de fitness, motivo por el que el entrenamiento contra resistencias o resistance training (RT) se incluye dentro de aquellos programas de ejercicio encaminados a mejorar la salud y calidad de vida. Debido a que muchasenfermedades cursan con alteración de la masa y funcionalidad muscular y a que el RT es la principal modalidad de ejercicio encaminada a mejorar la función muscular, el objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica ha sido exponer las evidencias actuales sobre las adaptaciones delRT, así como su posible aplicación en patologías como la obesidad, diabetes, dislipemia, hipertensión, cáncer, Parkinson, esclerosis múltiple o fibromialgia...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513487/-not-available
#8
Elena Guadalupe Corella Aznar, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Pilar Samper Villagrasa, Carmen Rodríguez Vigil, Lorenzo Jiménez Montañés, Carlota Calvo Escribano, José Ignacio Labarta Aizpun
Introducción: los supervivientes de leucemia aguda (LA) infantil presentan un riesgo incrementado de alteraciones metabólicas y cardiovasculares que aumentan su morbimortalidad a largo plazo.Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de obesidad, resistencia a la insulina, dislipemia e hipertensión arterial como factores de riesgo cardiometabólico (FRCM) en un grupo de supervivientes de LA infantil, y analizar las posibles causas asociadas a su desarrollo.Material y métodos: estudio observacional retrospectivo en 47 supervivientes de LA tratados en un periodo de 4 años, que recibieron seguimiento durante 10 años...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444483/-not-available
#9
Raúl Domínguez, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño, José Luis Maté-Muñoz
La fuerza influye directamente en el estado de salud y en la capacidad de fitness, motivo por el que el entrenamiento contra resistencias o resistance training (RT) se incluye dentro de aquellos programas de ejercicio encaminados a mejorar la salud y calidad de vida. Debido a que muchasenfermedades cursan con alteración de la masa y funcionalidad muscular y a que el RT es la principal modalidad de ejercicio encaminada a mejorar la función muscular, el objetivo de la presente revisión bibliográfica ha sido exponer las evidencias actuales sobre las adaptaciones delRT, así como su posible aplicación en patologías como la obesidad, diabetes, dislipemia, hipertensión, cáncer, Parkinson, esclerosis múltiple o fibromialgia...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444459/-not-available
#10
Elena Guadalupe Corella Aznar, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Pilar Samper Villagrasa, Carmen Rodríguez Vigil, Lorenzo Jiménez Montañés, Carlota Calvo Escribano, José Ignacio Labarta Aizpun
Introducción: los supervivientes de leucemia aguda (LA) infantil presentan un riesgo incrementado de alteraciones metabólicas y cardiovasculares que aumentan su morbimortalidad a largo plazo.Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de obesidad, resistencia a la insulina, dislipemia e hipertensión arterial como factores de riesgo cardiometabólico (FRCM) en un grupo de supervivientes de LA infantil, y analizar las posibles causas asociadas a su desarrollo.Material y métodos: estudio observacional retrospectivo en 47 supervivientes de LA tratados en un periodo de 4 años, que recibieron seguimiento durante 10 años...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019241/-in-process-citation
#11
Ana Obispo Entrenas, Francisco Martín Carvajal, David Legupín Tubío, Fabiola Lucena Navarro, Manuel García Caballero, Norberto Gándara Adán, Jimena Abilés Osinaga
Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la prevalencia de hipovitaminosis D en los candidatos a cirugía bariátrica (CB) y su relación con factores de riesgo y los componentes del síndrome metabólico.Material y métodos: los parámetros clínicos, antropométricos y bioquímicos se midieron en 56 pacientes caucásicos incluidos en un protocolo de cirugía bariátrica entre enero y junio de 2014. Los pacientes fueron estratificados en tres grupos de acuerdo al status de vitamina D: suficiencia (≥ 40 ng/ml), insuficiencia (40-20 ng/ml) y deficiencia (< 20 ng/ml)...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26811267/-consensus-for-pharmacologic-treatment-of-atherogenic-dyslipidemia-with-statin-fenofibrate-combined-therapy
#12
(no author information available yet)
LDLc levels are associated with increase of cardiovascular risk, and statins are currently used for their control. Nevertheless, a despite of LDLc levels at goal, a residual risk is persistent, commonly associated with persistent lipids modifications (high triglycerides and low HDLc). So, it is necessary to evaluate triglycerides and HDL to assessment cardiovascular risk. Clinical data are consistent with efficacy and safety of combination therapy with statin and other lipid lowering drugs, for instance fenofibrate...
March 2016: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319820/-low-fat-fermented-milk-enriched-with-plant-sterols-a-strategy-to-reduce-hypertriglyceridema-in-children-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-cotrolled-trial
#13
Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Ismael San Mauro Martín, Maria Elisa Calle, Cornelia Bischofberger Valdés, Eva Perez Arruche, Esperanza Arce Delgado, María Jose Ciudad, Marta Hernández Cabría, Luis Collado Yurita
INTRODUCTION: in the last few years, as the rate of childhood obesity has been rising, there has been a parallel increase in the incidence of dislipemia in the pediatric population, in which blood triglycerids might play an important role. Plant sterols have been shown to be useful in the tratment of hypercholesterolemia, but not of hypertrygliceridemia. Our study focusses on determining the efficacy of phytosterol-supplemented milk for the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia in children...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25450326/-atherogenic-dyslipidemia-and-residual-risk-state-of-the-art-in-2014
#14
Jesús Millán Núñez-Cortés, Juan Pedro-Botet Montoya, Xavier Pintó Sala
Pandemics of metabolic síndrome, obesity, and type 2 diabetes is a major challenge for the next years and supported the grat burden of cardiovascular diseases. The R3i (Residual Risk Reduction initiative) has previously highlighted atherogenic dyslipidaemia as an important and modifiable contributor to the lipid related residual cardiovascular risk. Atherogenic dyslipidaemia is defined as an imbalance between proatherogenic triglycerides-rich apoB-containing lipoproteins and antiatherogenic AI containing lipoproteins...
November 2014: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22411383/-subclinical-hypothyroidism-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#15
Ma del C Frías López, P J Tárraga López, J A Rodríguez Montes, J Solera Albero, A Celada Rodríguez, M A López Cara, A Gálvez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism in the general population of an urban health center and describe the clinical characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. METHODS: An observational study, retrospective, reviewing the medical histories of patients sampled from June 2005 until July 2007. We analyzed the following variables; facts: age and sex. Family history thyroid disease and other diseases...
November 2011: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22234566/-primary-and-secondary-cardiovascular-prevention-results-in-patients-with-stroke-relapse-risk-and-associated-survival-ebrictus-study
#16
Josep Ll Clua-Espuny, Josep Ll Piñol-Moreso, Vicente F Gil-Guillén, Domingo Orozco-Beltrán, Anna Panisello-Tafalla, Jorgina Lucas-Noll, M Lluïssa Queralt-Tomás, Roger Pla-Farnós
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence and cardiovascular risk factors control (CVRF) are determining to suffer a stroke and its relapse which arise the mortality and disability. AIM: To estimate the incidence of the first episode of ictus and describe the results in primary and secondary cardiovascular prevention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observational and prospective study of a fix cohort of 130,649 people, 15-90-year-old assigned to participants centers between 01/04/2006 and 31/03/2008...
January 16, 2012: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22051985/asymptomatic-carotid-stenosis-in-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-epidemiological-study
#17
M J Ramos, J A González-Fajardo, C Vaquero-Puerta, M Vallina-Victorero, M Vicente-Santiago, F Vaquero-Lorenzo, A Alvarez-Salgado, J Alvarez-Fernandez
AIM: The aim of this paper was to determine the prevalence of extracraneal carotid artery disease in patients with intermittent claudication, to describe classic cardiovascular risk factors in those with hemodynamically significant stenosis and to try to define subgroups at high risk, improving therefore the performance of non invasive testing. METHODS: A prospective descriptive study was conducted, with 146 patients reporting an intermittent claudication of the lower limbs and without a previous cerebrovascular event or carotid surgery...
December 2011: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20204258/-effect-of-gastric-bypass-on-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-on-cardiovascular-risk
#18
Julia Ocón Bretón, B García, P Benito, S Gimeno, R García, P López
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with increased morbimortality cardiovascular. Individual with metabolic syndrome (MS) are a high risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the MS in morbidly obese patients enrolling in a bariatric surgery program and to evaluate the impact of weigh loss induced by gastric bypass on the MS and on the predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We studied 46 morbidly obese patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass and were followed for 2 years...
January 2010: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20038994/-vital-exhaustion-is-significantly-linked-to-acute-coronary-events-in-argentine-population
#19
José Bonet, Branco Mautner, Soraya Kerbage, María F Bonet, Santiago Pérez Lloret
OBJECTIVE: To determine the strength of the association between the Vital exhaustion syndrome (VES) and acute coronary ischemic events in hospitalized Argentinean sample. METHODS: VES was measured in 180 patients of both sexes, 90 admitted due to an acute coronary ischemic syndrome (AMI or unstable angina) and a control group of 90 admitted due to an acute non-coronary cardiac event. VES was evaluated with the Maastricht questionnaire during the first week of hospitalization...
November 2009: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18021610/-myocardial-infarction-with-st-segment-elevation-and-angiographically-normal-coronary-arteries-epidemiology-and-mid-term-follow-up
#20
María Cruz Ferrer Gracia, Rosa Ana Hernández-Antolín, María José Pérez-Vizcayno, César Conde Vela, Fernando Alfonso Manterola, Carlos Macaya Miguel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The myocardial infarction (MI) with ST elevation and angiographically normal coronary arteries isn't frequent. The aim of this study is to describe clinical characteristic and mid-term follow-up of those patients. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Between January 1997 and December 2004 we identified 75 patients with MI and normal coronary arteries in a coronary angiography performed within one month of the AMI. All had criteria of MI and their coronary arteries were smooth and without obstructive lesions...
November 17, 2007: Medicina Clínica
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