keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Substance use prevention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719096/the-effect-of-state-laws-designed-to-prevent-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-on-overdose-deaths-and-treatment
#1
Ioana Popovici, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Bushra Hijazi, Sharmini Radakrishnan
Nonmedical use of prescription opioids has reached epidemic levels in the United States and globally. In response, federal, state, and local governments are taking actions to address substantial increases in prescription opioid addiction and its associated harms. This study examines the effect of two state laws specifically designed to curtail access to prescription opioids to nonmedical users: pain management clinic and doctor shopping laws. We use administrative data on overdose deaths and admissions to specialty substance use disorder treatment coupled with a differences-in-differences design...
July 18, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718791/relationship-between-aging-related-skin-dryness-and-aquaporins
#2
Nobutomo Ikarashi, Risako Kon, Miho Kaneko, Nanaho Mizukami, Yoshiki Kusunoki, Kiyoshi Sugiyama
Skin function deteriorates with aging, and the dermal water content decreases. In this study, we have analyzed the mechanism of aging-related skin dryness focusing on aquaporins (AQPs), which are the water channels. Mice aged 3 and 20 months were designated as young and aged mice, respectively, to be used in the experiments. No differences were observed in transepidermal water loss between the young mice and aged mice. However, the dermal water content in aged mice was significantly lower than that in young mice, thus showing skin dryness...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718707/child-sexual-abuse-and-adult-mental-health-sexual-risk-behaviors-and-drinking-patterns-among-latino-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Ethan Czuy Levine, Omar Martinez, Brian Mattera, Elwin Wu, Sonya Arreola, Scott Edward Rutledge, Bernie Newman, Larry Icard, Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Carolina Hausmann-Stabile, Seth Welles, Scott D Rhodes, Brian M Dodge, Sarah Alfonso, M Isabel Fernandez, Alex Carballo-Diéguez
One in five Latino men who have sex with men has experienced child sexual abuse. Although concerning in itself, child sexual abuse may increase an individuals' likelihood of depression and risk-taking in adult life, including engagement in HIV risk behaviors and alcohol and substance use. It is therefore urgent that researchers and practitioners better understand the long-term effects of child sexual abuse. We utilized logistic and linear regression to assess associations between child sexual abuse (operationalized as forced or coerced sexual activity before age 17) and depression, sexual behaviors, and drinking patterns in a sample of 176 adult Latino men who have sex with men from New York City...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715848/patient-outcomes-in-dose-reduction-or-discontinuation-of-long-term-opioid-therapy-a-systematic-review
#4
Joseph W Frank, Travis I Lovejoy, William C Becker, Benjamin J Morasco, Christopher J Koenig, Lilian Hoffecker, Hannah R Dischinger, Steven K Dobscha, Erin E Krebs
Background: Expert guidelines recommend reducing or discontinuing long-term opioid therapy (LTOT) when risks outweigh benefits, but evidence on the effect of dose reduction on patient outcomes has not been systematically reviewed. Purpose: To synthesize studies of the effectiveness of strategies to reduce or discontinue LTOT and patient outcomes after dose reduction among adults prescribed LTOT for chronic pain. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library from inception through April 2017; reference lists; and expert contacts...
July 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715146/identification-of-hypoglycin-a-binding-adsorbents-as-potential-preventive-measures-in-co-grazers-of-atypical-myopathy-affected-horses
#5
T Krägeloh, J M V Cavalleri, J Ziegler, J Sander, M Terhardt, G Breves, A Cehak
BACKGROUND: Intestinal absorption of hypoglycin A (HGA) and its metabolism are considered major prerequisites for atypical myopathy (AM). The increasing incidence and the high mortality rate of AM urgently necessitate new therapeutic and/or preventative approaches. OBJECTIVES: To identify a substance for oral administration capable of binding HGA in the intestinal lumen, and effectively reducing the intestinal absorption of the toxin. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental in vitro study...
July 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715054/sustainability-of-prevention-practices-at-the-workplace-safety-simplification-productivity-and-effectiveness
#6
A Messineo, M S Cattaruzza, C Prestigiacomo, F Giordano, L T Marsella
Traditional full-time employment has evolved into various types of occupational situations, and, nowadays, new work organization strategies have been developed. Previously overlooked risk factors have emerged, such as traffic accidents while commuting or during work hours, poor work organization, and detrimental lifestyles (like alcohol and substance abuse, although recent statistics seem to show a declining trend for the latter). The global scenario shows greater attention to occupational risks, but also, to the reduced degree of protection...
September 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#7
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714725/intervention-effects-on-stage-transitions-for-adolescent-smoking-and-alcohol-use-acquisition
#8
Leslie A Brick, Colleen A Redding, Andrea L Paiva, Wayne F Velicer
The health impacts of smoking and alcohol abuse have been long established with smoking representing one of the most preventable causes of disease and alcohol use the most popular psychoactive substance among adolescents. The current study evaluated stage of change progression in a large (N = 4,158) school-based, computer-delivered, transtheoretical model (TTM)-tailored multiple behavior intervention focused on preventing acquisition of smoking and alcohol use in adolescents. Assessments began in sixth grade and continued yearly until eighth grade, with a follow-up in ninth grade...
July 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714446/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-health-protective-sexual-communication-content-discussed-scale-for-young-women-in-gaborone-botswana
#9
Mabel K M Magowe, Marcia McDonnell Holstad
Health protective sexual communication can reduce HIV transmission, but women in Botswana find it difficult because of cultural barriers, suggesting the need for relevant measures. A Health Protective Sexual Communication Content Discussed Scale was developed and tested among young women aged 21-35 years in Gaborone, Botswana, to guide HIV prevention interventions. The project was conducted from June 2006 to August 2007. Literature review, expert advice, and a qualitative pilot guided the process. The scale had 22 items...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714421/the-prevalence-age-of-onset-and-the-correlates-of-dsm-iv-psychiatric-disorders-in-the-tianjin-mental-health-survey-tjmhs
#10
H Yin, G Xu, H Tian, G Yang, K J Wardenaar, R A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: To effectively shape mental healthcare policy in modern-day China, up-to-date epidemiological data on mental disorders is needed. The objective was to estimate the prevalence, age-of-onset (AOO) and sociodemographic correlates of mental disorders in a representative household sample of the general population (age ⩾ 18) in the Tianjin Municipality in China. METHODS: Data came from the Tianjin Mental health Survey (TJMHS), which was conducted between July 2011 and March 2012 using a two-phase design...
July 17, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714392/natural-steroids-and-androgen-antagonists-used-as-neuroprotectives-in-common-neurological-disorders
#11
David Calderon Guzman, Hugo Juarez Olguin, Ernestina Hernandez Garcia, Monica Punzo Soto, Mayra Santillan Garcia, Gerardo Barragan Mejia
Multiple classes of natural products, such as antiandrogens or steroids have been used as antioxidants and anti-inflammatory treatments in neurodegenerative diseases. This paper aims to review current knowledge on these substances and their possible relationship with free radicals as an alternative therapy and prevention of common neurological disorders. An exhaustive review of the neurochemical mechanisms of these substances in the central nervous system of humans and animal models has yet to be undertaken in the literature, particularly regarding their importance and increasing use...
July 14, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714184/research-review-what-have-we-learned-about-adolescent-substance-use
#12
REVIEW
Kevin M Gray, Lindsay M Squeglia
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical biological, psychological, and social developmental stage involving heightened risk for substance use and associated adverse consequences. This review, synthesizing emerging findings on this complex topic, is intended to inform research and clinical care focused on adolescents. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using PubMed, yielding a cross-section of observational and interventional studies focused on adolescent substance use...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712737/pharmacists-can-help-prevent-lipoid-pneumonia
#13
Ann E Cabri, Afoma King, Lee Morrow, Mark A Malesker
OBJECTIVES: To report 2 cases of lipoid pneumonia. SUMMARY: Lipoid pneumonia is an inflammatory process in the lower airways due to the presence of lipid molecules in the alveoli. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is due to the inhalation or aspiration of fat-containing substances. Historically, mineral oil is the most common medication cause but there have also been several reports of lipoid pneumonia associated with petroleum jelly, medicated vapor rub, and lip glosses...
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712595/health-related-issues-in-latina-youth-racial-ethnic-gender-and-generational-status-differences
#14
Geraldy Martin-Gutierrez, Jan L Wallander, Anna V Song, Marc N Elliott, Susan R Tortolero, Mark A Schuster
PURPOSE: Few studies have examined the early development of a broad range of health issues of importance in adolescence in Latina (female) youth, despite their being potentially a vulnerable group. This study compared suicide and depressive symptoms, substance use, violence exposure, injury prevention, obesity, and health-related quality of life among Latina, African-American, and white females as well as Latino (male) youth in fifth grade, as well as differences related to immigrant generational status for Latinas...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711745/child-maltreatment-and-age-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-initiation-in-high-risk-youth
#15
Laura J Proctor, Terri Lewis, Scott Roesch, Richard Thompson, Alan J Litrownik, Diana English, Amelia M Arria, Patricia Isbell, Howard Dubowitz
INTRODUCTION: Youth with a history of child maltreatment use substances and develop substance use disorders at rates above national averages. Thus far, no research has examined pathways from maltreatment to age of substance use initiation for maltreated youth. We examined the longitudinal impact of maltreatment in early childhood on age of alcohol and marijuana use initiation, and whether internalizing and externalizing behaviors at age 8 mediates the link between maltreatment and age of substance use initiation...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709039/agricultural-management-of-an-oxisol-affects-accumulation-of-heavy-metals
#16
Guilherme Deomedesse Minari, David Luciano Rosalen, Mara Cristina Pessôa da Cruz, Wanderley José de Melo, Lucia Maria Carareto Alves, Luciana Maria Saran
Soil contamination may result from the inadequate disposal of substances with polluting potential or prolonged agricultural use. Therefore, cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr) and nickel (Ni) concentrations were assessed in a Eutroferric Red Oxisol under a no-tillage farming system with mineral fertilizer applications, a conventional tillage system with mineral fertilizer application and a conventional tillage system with sewage sludge application in an area used for agriculture for more than 80 years. We evaluated the spatial distributions of these elements in the experimental area and the effect of the different management practices on the soil retention of these metals...
July 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707175/acculturation-and-syndemic-risk-longitudinal-evaluation-of-risk-factors-among-pregnant-latina-adolescents-in-new-york-city
#17
Isabel Martinez, Trace S Kershaw, Danya Keene, Rafael Perez-Escamilla, Jessica B Lewis, Jonathan N Tobin, Jeannette R Ickovics
BACKGROUND: Syndemics are co-occurring epidemics that synergistically contribute to specific risks or health outcomes. Although there is substantial evidence demonstrating their existence, little is known about their change over time in adolescents. PURPOSE: The objectives of this paper were to identify longitudinal changes in a syndemic of substance use, intimate partner violence, and depression and determine whether immigration/cultural factors moderate this syndemic over time...
July 13, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706816/endoscopic-stalk-resection-of-a-toe-ganglion-with-color-aided-visualization
#18
Takahisa Ogawa, Yasuhiro Seki, Shinichi Shirasawa
Ganglion cysts are common cystic lesions filled with a jelly-like substance and originate from a joint capsule or tendon sheath through a stalk. Ganglion cysts mostly occur in the hand region, for which surgical excision usually results in good outcomes. In contrast, toe ganglions are relatively rare, and surgical treatment is associated with a high recurrence rate because of unidentifiable ganglion stalks, requiring large skin incisions. We have treated toe ganglion cysts using endoscopy in the ganglion cyst by injecting methylene blue into the tendon sheath that connects to the ganglion stalk...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705223/improving-preventive-health-care-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-care-settings
#19
Jodie Bailie, Veronica Matthews, Alison Laycock, Rosalie Schultz, Christopher P Burgess, David Peiris, Sarah Larkins, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Like other colonised populations, Indigenous Australians experience poorer health outcomes than non-Indigenous Australians. Preventable chronic disease is the largest contributor to the health differential between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, but recommended best-practice preventive care is not consistently provided to Indigenous Australians. Significant improvement in health care delivery could be achieved through identifying and minimising evidence-practice gaps...
July 14, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704729/longitudinal-association-between-physical-activity-engagement-during-adolescence-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-young-adults-a-21-year-birth-cohort-study
#20
Shuichi Suetani, Abdullah Mamun, Gail M Williams, Jake M Najman, John J McGrath, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies provide mixed evidence that physical activity engagement (PAE) in adolescence is associated with later mental health outcomes. This study aimed to examine the association between PAE at age 14 and mental health outcomes at age 21 using a large birth cohort study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective data from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy, consisting of 3493 young adults, were analyzed. PAE at age 14 was estimated using self-report, and participants were categorized into; (1) frequent, (2) infrequent, or (3) no PAE group...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
keyword
keyword
109533
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"