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Health Perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928530/safety-knowledge-and-changing-behavior-in-agricultural-workers-an-assessment-model-applied-in-central-italy
#1
Massimo Cecchini, Roberto Bedini, Davide Mosetti, Sonia Marino, Serenella Stasi
Background: In recent years, the interest in health and safety in the workplace has increased. Agriculture is one of the human work activities with the highest risk indexes. Studies on risk perception of agricultural workers are often referred to as specific risk factors (especially pesticides), but the risk perception plays an important role in preventing every kind of accident and occupational disease. Methods: The aim of this research is to test a new method for understanding the relation between risk perception among farmers and the main risk factors to which they are exposed...
June 2018: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928044/a-scoping-review-of-the-role-of-hiv-related-stigma-and-discrimination-in-noncommunicable-disease-care
#2
Melissa A Stockton, Kayla Giger, Laura Nyblade
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV are increasingly burdened by noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as a result of the NCD susceptibility that accompanies increased life expectancy and the rising global prevalence of NCDs. Health systems are being strengthened and programs are being developed to address this burden, often building on HIV care strategies and infrastructure or through integrated care models. HIV remains a stigmatized condition and the role of HIV stigma in the provision of NCD care is not well understood...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927934/the-amazon-hope-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-assessment-of-a-mobile-clinic-ship-in-the-peruvian-amazon
#3
Neha P Limaye, Magaly M Blas, Isaac E Alva, Cesar P Carcamo, Patricia J García
The Loreto region of the Peruvian Amazon faces many obstacles to health care delivery. The majority of the population is river-bound and lives below the poverty line, with some of the worst health indicators in Peru. To overcome these barriers and fill a gap in health services, an NGO-based provider known as the Vine Trust has been providing care since 2001 via a mobile ship clinic called the Amazon Hope. This study presents an assessment of the Amazon Hope, first reporting health indicators of the program´s catchment area, services provided, and program utilization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927902/perceived-benefits-of-collaboration-between-local-health-departments-and-schools-and-programs-of-public-health-a-mixed-methods-study
#4
Kevin A Kovach, Christina R Welter, Steven M Seweryn, Griselle Torres
OBJECTIVES: Collaboration between local health departments (LHDs) and schools and programs of public health (SPPH) may be a way to improve practice, education, and research. However, little is known about why LHDs and SPPH collaborate. This mixed-methods study addressed this issue by exploring what LHDs and SPPH perceive to be beneficial about their collaboration. METHODS: A mixed-methods study using quantitative and qualitative data was conducted. A survey of 2000 LHDs that completed the 2013 National Profile of LHDs measured how important and effective LHDs perceived 30 indicators of the 10 essential public health services to be for collaboration with SPPH...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927807/self-care-habits-of-nurses-and-the-perception-of-their-body-image
#5
Haley E Atkins, Molly Campoli, Taylor R Havens, Samuel P Abraham, Deborah Gillum
The aim of this qualitative, phenomenological study was to explore the self-care habits of nurses in the hospital setting and how these habits influenced the perception of body image. The nursing profession often requires the nurse to place the health of patients before their own. Very little information is found in the literature regarding the self-care habits of nurses. The data were collected through in-depth interviews with 12 participants who worked as hospital nurses in northern Indiana. The analysis revealed 6 themes in self-care among nurses and how they viewed their bodies...
June 21, 2018: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927691/a-survey-of-payer-perspectives-on-cannabis-use-disorder
#6
Andrew M Kiselica, Amy Duhig, Ivan Montoya, Phil Skolnick, Jennifer Floyd, Cigi Byars
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use disorder (CUD) as described/defined in DSM 5, is characterized by impaired control of marijuana use and related personal, health, and legal consequences. CUD is a serious public health problem, affecting nearly 6 million individuals in the United States. There are no FDA approved medications to treat this disorder. The lack of available treatment options contributes to uncertainties by drug sponsors about formulary and reimbursement decision-making for CUD pharmacotherapies...
June 21, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927660/integration-of-behavioral-medicine-competencies-into-physiotherapy-curriculum-in-an-exemplary-swedish-program-rationale-process-and-review
#7
Maria Sandborgh, Elizabeth Dean, Eva Denison, Maria Elvén, Johanna Fritz, Petra von Heideken Wågert, Johan Moberg, Thomas Overmeer, Åsa Snöljung, Ann-Christin Johansson, Anne Söderlund
In 2004, Mälardalen University, Sweden, introduced a new undergraduate entry-level physiotherapy program. Program developers constructed the curriculum with behavioral medicine content that reflected the contemporary definition and values of the physiotherapy profession aligning it with current best practices, evidence, and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). The new curriculum conceptualized movement and function as modifiable behaviors in that they reflect behavioral contingencies, perceptions, beliefs, and lifestyle factors as well as pathophysiology and environmental factors...
June 21, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927656/human-experimentation-in-public-schools-how-schools-served-as-sites-of-vaccine-trials-in-the-20th-century
#8
Will D Schupmann
Schools have long been critical partners for public health authorities in achieving widespread vaccination. In the mid-20th century, however, public schools also served as sites of large-scale experiments on novel vaccines. Through examining the experimental diphtheria, polio, and measles vaccine trials, I explored the implications of using schools in this manner, as well as the continuities and discontinuities among the three cases. Common to all of them was that the use of schools brought decision-making into the public sphere, subjecting parents to social pressures and the influences of school officials and community members...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927346/the-effect-of-medical-technology-innovations-on-patient-outcomes-1990-2015-results-of-a-physician-survey
#9
David E Wamble, Michael Ciarametaro, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Developments in diagnostics, medical devices, procedures, and prescription drugs have increased life expectancy and quality of life after diagnosis for many diseases. Previous research has shown that, overall, increased investment in medical technology has led to increased health outcomes. In addition, the value of investment in specific innovations, particularly in new pharmaceuticals or biopharmaceuticals, has frequently been shown through an evaluation of the associated health outcomes and costs...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927018/self-expression-and-identity-after-total-laryngectomy-implications-for-support
#10
Jane Bickford, John Coveney, Janet Baker, Deborah Hersh
OBJECTIVE: To explore how individuals with a laryngectomy (IWL) from diverse backgrounds make meaning and adjust to the physical and functional changes from a total laryngectomy (TL). To examine the extent primary supporters (PS) and health professionals (HP) are able to support IWL with the psychosocial and existential challenges rendered by a surgery that significantly impacts a person's talking, breathing, swallowing and appearance. METHODS: A constructivist grounded theory approach and symbolic interactionism were used to guide data collection and analysis...
June 21, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926963/age-and-gender-stratified-normative-values-for-the-international-prostate-symptom-score-for-adults-aged-60-years-and-over
#11
Lorna Booth, Dawn A Skelton, Suzanne Hagen, Joanne Booth
AIMS: To identify age and gender stratified normative values for the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) for older community-living adults. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from a large cohort study produced norms presented as means, standard deviations, medians, ranges, and percentile scores. Non-parametric analyses were conducted to investigate the effect that demographic variables, smoking status and comorbidity had on the severity of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) as measured by the IPSS...
June 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926763/a-need-for-better-understanding-is-the-major-determinant-for-public-perceptions-of-human-gene-editing
#12
Tristan McCaughey, David Mark Budden, Paul G Sanfilippo, George E C Gooden, Li Fan, Eva Fenwick, Gwyneth Rees, Casimir MacGregor, Lei Si, Christine Chen, Helena Hai Liang, Alice Pebay, Timothy Baldwin, Alex W Hewitt
BACKGROUND: The CRISPR/Cas system could provide an efficient and reliable means of editing the human genome and has the potential to revolutionise modern medicine; however, rapid developments are raising complex ethical issues. There has been significant scientific debate regarding the acceptability of some applications of CRISPR/Cas, with leaders in the field highlighting the need for the lay public's views to shape expert discussion. As such, we sought to determine the factors that influence public opinion on gene editing...
June 21, 2018: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926466/an-overview-and-impact-assessment-of-osha-large-dairy-local-emphasis-programs-in-new-york-and-wisconsin
#13
Amy Liebman, Eileen Franko, Iris Reyes, Matthew Keifer, Julie Sorensen
BACKGROUND: Farming has been exempted from most labor regulations and shielded from regulatory scrutiny by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Yet, agriculture and dairy in particular, has relatively high injury and fatality rates. METHODS: A recent shift in OSHA's approach to agricultural worker safety and health includes two dairy-focused Local Emphasis Programs (LEPs), one launched in Wisconsin in 2011 and the other in New York in 2014. We examine data from LEP-related, OSHA consultations and inspections as well as non-governmental audit programs, and review farmer perceptions about the LEP...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926256/pharmacist-views-and-pharmacy-capacity-to-deliver-professional-services-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#14
Hamzah Alzubaidi, Ward Saidawi, Kevin Mc Namara
Background The benefits of professional pharmacy services in improving patient outcomes and reducing health expenditure are well documented. To a large extent, these services are not implemented in many developing countries. Objective To explore pharmacists' perceptions of and willingness to provide professional services in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the perceived barriers and facilitators. The current provision of pharmacy-based services and capacity for service delivery were also explored. Setting Community pharmacies in Sharjah and Dubai in the UAE...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925495/the-impact-of-implementation-of-a-clinically-integrated-problem-based-neonatal-electronic-health-record-on-documentation-metrics-provider-satisfaction-and-hospital-reimbursement-a-quality-improvement-project
#15
William Liu, Thomas Walsh
BACKGROUND: A goal of effective electronic health record provider documentation platforms is to provide an efficient, concise, and comprehensive notation system that will effectively reflect the clinical course, including the diagnoses, treatments, and interventions. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to fully redesign and standardize the provider documentation process, seeking improvement in documentation based on ongoing All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Group-based coding records, while maintaining noninferiority comparing provider satisfaction to our existing documentation process...
June 20, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925403/perceived-driving-safety-and-estimated-blood-alcohol-concentration-bac-the-morning-after-drinking-amongst-young-australians-attending-a-music-festival-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Mario Fernando, Johanna Buckland, Prashina Melwani, Vanessa Tent, Philip Preston, Sabrina Winona Pit
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes remain a significant and costly public health issue globally. Particularly young people are over-represented in these incidents. This study set out to explore the factors that influence individuals' perceptions of their safety to drive, and the factors related to a change in intention to drive. METHODS: Four hundred nine young people aged 18-40 attending an Australian multi-day music festival completed a survey measuring demographics, alcohol use, amount of sleep obtained the previous night, intention to drive, number of passengers, perceived safety to drive, estimated BAC (measured in g/210 L) and change in intention to drive following a BAC measurement via breathalysers...
June 20, 2018: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925398/barriers-and-facilitators-to-institutional-delivery-in-rural-areas-of-chitwan-district-nepal-a-qualitative-study
#17
Rajani Shah, Eva A Rehfuess, Deepak Paudel, Mahesh K Maskey, Maria Delius
BACKGROUND: Giving birth assisted by skilled care in a health facility plays a vital role in preventing maternal deaths. In Nepal, delivery services are free and a cash incentive is provided to women giving birth at a health facility. Nevertheless, about half of women still deliver at home. This study explores socio-cultural and health service-related barriers to and facilitators of institutional delivery. METHODS: Six village development committees in hill and plain areas were selected in Chitwan district...
June 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925395/understanding-modern-contraception-uptake-in-one-ethiopian-community-a-case-study
#18
Erica Sedlander, Jeffrey B Bingenheimer, Mark C Edberg, Rajiv N Rimal, Hina Shaikh, Wolfgang Munar
BACKGROUND: In the last decade, the proportion of Ethiopian women using contraceptive methods has increased substantially (from 14% in 2005 to 35% in 2016 among married women). Numerous factors have contributed to the increased uptake. An important one is the implementation of the Health Extension Program, a government-led health service delivery strategy that has deployed more than 38,000 health extension workers (HEWs) throughout the country. Key mechanisms underlying the success of this program are not well understood...
June 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925364/the-interaction-of-socioeconomic-status-with-place-of-death-a-qualitative-analysis-of-physician-experiences
#19
Joshua Wales, Allison M Kurahashi, Amna Husain
BACKGROUND: Home is a preferred place of death for many people; however, access to a home death may not be equitable. The impact of socioeconomic status on one's ability to die at home has been documented, yet there remains little literature exploring mechanisms that contribute to this disparity. By exploring the experiences and insights of physicians who provide end-of-life care in the home, this study aims to identify the factors perceived to influence patients' likelihood of home death and describe the mechanisms by which they interact with socioeconomic status...
June 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925086/participant-perspectives-of-a-6-month-telephone-based-lifestyle-coaching-program
#20
Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Philayrath Phongsavan
Objectives and importance of study: Low program completion rates can undermine the public health impact of even the most effective program. Participant experiences with lifestyle programs are not well reported, but are important for program improvement and retention. The purpose of this study was to understand participant perceptions of the Get Healthy Information and Coaching Service (GHS), a 6-month telephone-based health coaching program to promote lifestyle change. We were particularly interested in participants' initial expectations, their actual experience and, for those who did not complete the program, what influenced their withdrawal...
June 14, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
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