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Health Perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#1
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527271/self-rated-health-multimorbidity-and-depression-in-mexican-older-adults-proposal-and-evaluation-of-a-simple-conceptual-model
#2
Eduardo Bustos-Vázquez, Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-Garcia
INTRODUCTION: Self-rated health is an individual and subjective conceptualization involving the intersection of biological, social and psychological factors. It provides an invaluable and unique evaluation of a person's general health status. OBJECTIVE: To propose and evaluate a simple conceptual model to understand self-rated health and its relationship to multimorbidity, disability and depressive symptoms in Mexican older adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study based on a national representative sample of 8,874 adults of 60 years of age and older...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526915/dietary-behaviors-in-psoriasis-patient-reported-outcomes-from-a-u-s-national-survey
#3
Ladan Afifi, Melissa J Danesh, Kristina M Lee, Kevin Beroukhim, Benjamin Farahnik, Richard S Ahn, Di Yan, Rasnik K Singh, Mio Nakamura, John Koo, Wilson Liao
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis patients demonstrate high interest in the role of diet on their skin condition. However, data are lacking to describe dietary interventions among psoriasis patients and associated outcomes. This study aims to identify common dietary habits, interventions and perceptions among patients with psoriasis, and to examine patient-reported skin outcomes in response to these interventions. METHODS: We administered a 61-question survey to the National Psoriasis Foundation membership asking psoriasis patients about dietary habits, modifications, skin responses, and perceptions...
May 19, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526704/elder-women-s-perceptions-around-optimal-perinatal-health-a-constructivist-grounded-theory-study-with-an-indigenous-community-in-southern-ontario
#4
Sujane Kandasamy, Meredith Vanstone, Mark Oremus, Trista Hill, Gita Wahi, Julie Wilson, A Darlene Davis, Ruby Jacobs, Rebecca Anglin, Sonia Savitri Anand
BACKGROUND: Women play important roles in translating health knowledge, particularly around pregnancy and birth, in Indigenous societies. We investigated elder Indigenous women's perceptions around optimal perinatal health. METHODS: Using a methodological framework that integrated a constructivist grounded-theory approach with an Indigenous epistemology, we conducted and analyzed in-depth interviews and focus groups with women from the Six Nations community in southern Ontario who self-identified as grandmothers...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526669/development-of-an-evidence-informed-blog-to-promote-healthy-eating-among-mothers-use-of-the-intervention-mapping-protocol
#5
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Simone Lemieux, Annie Lapointe, Véronique Provencher, Julie Robitaille, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to dietary guidelines and a concurrent rise of obesity-related chronic diseases emphasize the need for effective interventions to promote healthy eating. There is growing recognition that behavior change interventions should draw on theories of behavior change. Online interventions grounded in theory lead to increased effectiveness for health behavior change; however, few theory-driven social media-based health promotion interventions have been described in the literature...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526048/men-s-and-women-s-response-to-treatment-and-perceptions-of-outcomes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-injectable-opioid-assisted-treatment-for-severe-opioid-use-disorder
#6
Heather Palis, Kirsten Marchand, Daphne Guh, Suzanne Brissette, Kurt Lock, Scott MacDonald, Scott Harrison, Aslam H Anis, Michael Krausz, David C Marsh, Martin T Schechter, Eugenia Oviedo-Joekes
BACKGROUND: To test whether there are gender differences in treatment outcomes among patients receiving injectable opioids for the treatment of long-term opioid-dependence. The study additionally explores whether men and women have different perceptions of treatment effectiveness. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis from SALOME, a double-blind, phase III, randomized controlled trial testing the non-inferiorirty of injectable hydromorphone to injectable diacetylmorphine among 202 long-term street opioid injectors in Vancouver (Canada)...
May 19, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526011/risk-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-survival-in-patients-treated-with-metformin-an-observational-cohort-study
#7
Samira Bell, Bassam Farran, Stuart McGurnaghan, Rory J McCrimmon, Graham P Leese, John R Petrie, Paul McKeigue, Naveed Sattar, Sarah Wild, John McKnight, Robert Lindsay, Helen M Colhoun, Helen Looker
BACKGROUND: Whether metformin precipitates lactic acidosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains under debate. We examined whether metformin use was associated with an increased risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) as a proxy for lactic acidosis and whether survival among those with AKI varied by metformin exposure. METHODS: All individuals with type 2 diabetes and available prescribing data between 2004 and 2013 in Tayside, Scotland were included. The electronic health record for diabetes which includes issued prescriptions was linked to laboratory biochemistry, hospital admission, death register and Scottish Renal Registry data...
May 19, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525914/cigarette-filter-ventilation-and-its-relationship-to-increasing-rates-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#8
Min-Ae Song, Neal L Benowitz, Micah Berman, Theodore M Brasky, K Michael Cummings, Dorothy K Hatsukami, Catalin Marian, Richard O'Connor, Vaughan W Rees, Casper Woroszylo, Peter G Shields
The 2014 Surgeon General's Report on smoking and health concluded that changing cigarette designs have caused an increase in lung adenocarcinomas, implicating cigarette filter ventilation that lowers smoking machine tar yields. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) now has the authority to regulate cigarette design if doing so would improve public health. To support a potential regulatory action, two weight-of-evidence reviews were applied for causally relating filter ventilation to lung adenocarcinoma. Published scientific literature (3284 citations) and internal tobacco company documents contributed to causation analysis evidence blocks and the identification of research gaps...
December 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525860/a-comparison-of-individual-exposure-perception-and-acceptable-levels-of-pm2-5-with-air-pollution-policy-objectives-in-china
#9
Lei Huang, Chao Rao, Tsering Jan van der Kuijp, Jun Bi, Yang Liu
Atmospheric pollution has emerged as a major public health issue in China. Public perception and acceptable risk levels of air pollution can prompt individual behavioral changes and play a major role in the public's response to health risks. Therefore, to explore these responses and evaluate what constitutes publicly acceptable concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), questionnaire surveys were conducted in three representative cities of China: Beijing, Nanjing, and Guangzhou. Great differences in public risk perception were revealed...
May 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525320/sexual-and-reproductive-health-priorities-of-adolescent-girls-in-lagos-nigeria-findings-from-free-listing-interviews
#10
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Ucheoma Nwaozuru, Donaldson Conserve, Patricia Iwelunmor, John E Ehiri
Background Adolescent girls in Nigeria experience a disproportionately high burden of sexual and reproductive health disparities that affect their well-being. Yet, little is known about adolescent girls' own unique perspectives of the sexual and reproductive health challenges they face, and possible solutions to these challenges. Aims To explore top sexual and reproductive health concerns of female adolescents in Nigeria and their perceptions regarding potential solutions to these issues. Methods Eighty adolescent girls attending two public secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria completed individual free-listing interviews...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525294/the-cambia-sojourns-scholars-leadership-program-conversations-with-emerging-leaders-in-palliative-care
#11
Dulce M Cruz-Oliver, Rachelle Bernacki, Zara Cooper, Corita Grudzen, Seiko Izumi, Deborah Lafond, Daniel Lam, Thomas W LeBlanc, Jennifer Tjia, Jennifer Walter
BACKGROUND: There is a pressing workforce shortage and leadership scarcity in palliative care to adequately meet the demands of individuals with serious illness and their families. To address this gap, the Cambia Health Foundation launched its Sojourns Scholars Leadership Program in 2014, an initiative designed to identify, cultivate, and advance the next generation of palliative care leaders. This report intends to summarize the second cohort of Sojourns Scholars' projects and their reflection on their leadership needs...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524905/oral-care-exploring-education-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-nurses-caring-for-patients-with-breast-cancer%C3%A2
#12
Jennifer A Suminski, Marita Inglehart, Stephanie M Munz, Catherine H Van Poznak, L Susan Taichman
BACKGROUND: Patients treated for breast cancer often experience severe oral complications, such as mucositis, xerostomia, and infections, which can result in dose reductions and treatment delays, affecting treatment outcomes.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to explore oncology nurses' perceptions of their educational experiences, professional attitudes, and behavior related to providing oral healthcare education to patients with breast cancer.
...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524889/complicated-grief-risk-factors-interventions-and-resources-for-oncology-nurses
#13
Cindy S Tofthagen, Kevin Kip, Ann Witt, Susan C McMillan
BACKGROUND: When a loved one dies of cancer, complicated grief (CG) may occur because of the trauma associated with family caregivers' perceptions of their loved one's suffering, either from advanced cancer or from side effects of cancer treatment.
. OBJECTIVES: This article provides an overview of CG and existing interventions for family caregivers who may be at risk for CG following the loss of a loved one and the implications for oncology nurses who provide emotional support and guidance...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524711/the-will-to-live-breast-cancer-patients-perceptions-of-palliative-chemotherapy
#14
Jenny Bergqvist, Peter Strang
BACKGROUND: For women with metastatic breast cancer, late lines of chemotherapy might be beneficial but also harmful. Ongoing chemotherapy late in life increase the risk of late or absent discussions of palliative care and access to symptom relief by other options than chemotherapy. Our aim was, therefore, to investigate breast cancer patients' motives, perceptions, and experiences of late lines of palliative oncologic treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A qualitative study with semi-guided face-to-face interviews with 20 women on at least their second line of palliative chemotherapy (second-eighth line)...
May 19, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524051/emotional-distress-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-cutaneous-melanoma-follow-up-outpatients-the-role-of-self-perception-of-body-image-and-surgical-scarring
#15
Stefania Bassino, Simone Ribero, Marco Miniotti, Angelo Picardi, Virginia Caliendo, Lorys Castelli, Riccardo Torta, Giuseppe Macripò, Paolo Leombruni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523990/why-do-patients-decline-participation-in-offered-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-study
#16
Helle Mathar, Pernille Fastholm, Peter Lange, Niels Sandholm Larsen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to produce insight in the explanations for declining pulmonary rehabilitation given by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. SETTING: The participants were recruited from a hospital in Denmark, among patients hospitalized due to an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and among stable patients attending an outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Patients who decline participation in offered pulmonary rehabilitation, who speak Danish, who are able to give informed consent and to participate in a 1-hour interview...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523579/primary-care-and-hepatology-provider-perceived-barriers-to-and-facilitators-of-hepatitis-c-treatment-candidacy-and-adherence
#17
Shari S Rogal, Rory McCarthy, Andrea Reid, Keri L Rodriguez, Linda Calgaro, Krupa Patel, Molly Daley, Naudia L Jonassaint, Susan L Zickmund
BACKGROUND: Provider perceptions regarding barriers to and facilitators of hepatitis C (HCV) treatment initiation and adherence have not been fully evaluated in the interferon-free treatment era. New treatments have provided opportunities for non-specialists to treat HCV, underscoring the importance of understanding primary care provider (PCP) and specialist perspectives. METHODS: Based on qualitative sampling principles, 12 PCPs and 12 hepatology providers (HPs) from the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System completed audio-recorded semi-structured interviews...
May 18, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523474/perceptions-of-successful-aging-among-older-adults-in-bangladesh-an-exploratory-study
#18
Iftekhar Amin
To analyze older adults' definitions of successful aging in Bangladesh. The purposively selected study sample comprised twelve participants who were aged over 60. Interviews using in-depth semi-structured questionnaires were conducted based on participants' chosen mode, either face-to-face, or by phone. Findings of this study support that successful aging is multidimensional - that is - for Bangladeshis successful aging encompasses dimensions such as adaptation to an aging body, financial security, family and intergenerational care, and social participation...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521826/practitioners-perspectives-on-evaluating-treatment-outcomes-in-traditional-chinese-medicine
#19
Yan-Hong Zhang, Jing Lv, Wei Gao, Jun Li, Ji-Qian Fang, Li-Yun He, Bao-Yan Liu
BACKGROUND: There are no generally accepted standards for evaluation of treatment outcomes in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Pattern differentiation and individual treatments are recognized as the most distinguishing features of TCM. Therefore, how practitioners determine curative effects is an issue worthy of research, though little has been done in this area up to this point. This study examines perceptions of the effectiveness of TCM treatments and the means of evaluating clinical outcomes from the practitioners' perspective...
May 18, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521814/access-to-healthcare-insurance-and-healthcare-services-among-syringe-exchange-program-clients-in-massachusetts-qualitative-findings-from-health-navigators-with-the-idu-i-do-care-collaborative
#20
Thomas J Stopka, Marguerite Hutcheson, Ashley Donahue
BACKGROUND: Little is known about access to health insurance among people who inject drugs (PWID) who attend syringe exchange programs (SEPs). The goal of the current study was to assess perceptions of SEP staff, including health navigators and program managers, on access to health insurance and healthcare access among SEP clients following implementation of state and federal policies to enhance universal healthcare access in Massachusetts. METHODS: Between December 2014 and January 2015, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 14) with SEP staff, including both program managers and health navigators, to assess knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs related to health insurance enrollment and access to enhanced referrals among SEP clients...
May 18, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
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