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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228631/relationship-between-health-promotion-volunteer-experience-and-medical-costs-hoken-hodouin-activities-in-suzaka-nagano
#1
Haruhiko Imamura, Yoshitaka Murakami, Tomonori Okamura, Yuji Nishiwaki
Objectives This study demonstrated the relationship between experience as a health promotion volunteer (Hoken-hodouin) and medical costs in Japan. The study area was Suzaka City (March 2016 population: 51,637) in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, where a total of about 300 women have been engaged and trained as health promotion volunteers since 1958.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 using a self-administered questionnaire, which included items on experiences as a health promotion volunteer, age at engagement, leadership status, and satisfaction with the experience...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226014/-pharmacotherapeutic-profile-and-factors-associated-with-polypharmacy-among-the-elderly-in-aiquara-bahia-brazil-2014
#2
Alessandra Santos Sales, Marta Gabriele Santos Sales, Cezar Augusto Casotti
Objective: to describe the drugs used and analyze the factors associated with polypharmacy in the elderly, in Aiquara, Bahia, Brazil. Methods: this is a census cross-sectional study, conducted in February 2014, through an interview using standardized form. Results: among the 272 elderly respondents, 53.3% used only prescribed medication and 31.6% used at least one medication not prescribed; the prevalence of polypharmacy was 29.0%; cardiovascular drugs were the most used in polypharmacy (n=390; 37...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222774/factors-associated-with-preferences-for-long-term-care-settings-in-old-age-evidence-from-a-population-based-survey-in-germany
#3
André Hajek, Thomas Lehnert, Annemarie Wegener, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Long-term care is one of the most pressing health policy issues in Germany. It is expected that the need for long-term care will increase markedly in the next decades due to demographic shifts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors associated with preferences for long-term care settings in old age individuals in Germany. METHODS: Based on expert interviews and a systematic review, a questionnaire was developed to quantify long-term care preferences...
February 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221273/the-association-between-immigration-status-and-office-based-medical-provider-visits-for-cancer-patients-in-the-united-states
#4
Yang Wang, Fernando A Wilson, Li-Wu Chen
OBJECTIVES: We examined differences in cancer-related office-based provider visits associated with immigration status in the United States. METHODS: Data from the 2007-2012 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and National Health Interview Survey included adult patients diagnosed with cancer. Univariate analyses described distributions of cancer-related office-based provider visits received, expenditures, visit characteristics, as well as demographic, socioeconomic, and health covariates, across immigration groups...
February 17, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220588/dental-care-coverage-and-income-related-inequalities-in-foregone-dental-care-in-europe-during-the-great-recession
#5
Jon Ivar Elstad
OBJECTIVES: This study examines income inequalities in foregone dental care in 23 European countries during the years with global economic crisis. Associations between dental care coverage from public health budgets or social insurance, and income-related inequalities in perceived access to dental care, are analysed. METHODS: Survey data 2008-2013 from 23 countries were combined with country data on macro-economic conditions and coverage for dental care. Foregone dental care was defined as self-reported abstentions from needed dental care because of costs or other crisis-related reasons...
February 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219098/-outcome-quality-in-medical-rehabilitation-relationship-between-patient-reported-outcomes-pros-and-social-security-contributions
#6
R Nübling, R Kaluscha, G Krischak, D Kriz, H Martin, G Müller, J Renzland, M Reuss-Borst, J Schmidt, U Kaiser, E Toepler
Aim of the Study The outcome quality of medical rehabilitation is evaluated often by "Patient Reported Outcomes" (PROs). It is examined to what extent these PROs are corresponding with "hard" or "objective" outcomes such as payments of contributions to social insurance. Methods The "rehabilitation QM outcome study" includes self-reports of patients as well as data from the Rehabilitation Statistics Database (RSD) of the German pension insurance Baden-Wurttemberg. The sample for the question posed includes N=2 947 insured who were treated in 2011 in 21 clinics of the "health quality network" and who were either employed or unemployed at the time of the rehabilitation application (e...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215382/a-place-based-community-health-worker-program-feasibility-and-early-outcomes-new-york-city-2015
#7
Priscilla M Lopez, Nadia Islam, Alexis Feinberg, Christa Myers, Lois Seidl, Elizabeth Drackett, Lindsey Riley, Andrea Mata, Juan Pinzon, Elisabeth Benjamin, Katarzyna Wyka, Rachel Dannefer, Javier Lopez, Chau Trinh-Shevrin, Karen Aletha Maybank, Lorna E Thorpe
INTRODUCTION: This study examined feasibility of a place-based community health worker (CHW) and health advocate (HA) initiative in five public housing developments selected for high chronic disease burden and described early outcomes. METHODS: This intervention was informed by a mixed-method needs assessment performed December 2014-January 2015 (representative telephone survey, n=1,663; six focus groups, n=55). Evaluation design was a non-randomized, controlled quasi-experiment...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215247/physical-activity-smoking-and-the-incidence-of-clinically-diagnosed-insomnia
#8
Li-Jung Chen, Andrew Steptoe, Yi-Huei Chen, Po-Wen Ku, Ching-Heng Lin
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to examine the independent and combined associations of physical activity and smoking on the incidence of doctor-diagnosed insomnia using a nationally representative sample over seven years, taking into account other relevant covariates. METHODS: Participants aged 18 years or older in the 2005 Taiwan National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) with links to National Health Insurance (NHI) claim data between 2005 and 2012 and without diagnosed insomnia before 2005, were selected into this study (n = 12,728)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214742/what-s-the-agreement-between-self-reported-and-biochemical-verification-of-drug-use-a-look-at-permanent-supportive-housing-residents
#9
Alexis Rendon, Melvin Livingston, Sumihiro Suzuki, Whitney Hill, Scott Walters
Self-reported substance use is commonly used as an outcome measure in treatment research. We evaluated the validity of self-reported drug use in a sample of 334 adults with mental health problems who were residing in supportive housing programs. The primary analysis was the calculation of the positive predictive values (PPVs) of self-report compared to an oral fluid test taken at the same time. A sensitivity analysis compared the positive predictive values of two self-reported drug use histories: biological testing window (ranging between the past 96h to 30days depending on drug type) or the full past 90-day comparison window (maximum length recorded during interview)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210617/inpatient-treatment-for-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-in-central-china
#10
Yan Jiang, Yu Wang, Yang Li, Yuming Zhang, Yinjun Zhao, Xiaojun Wang, Chi Ma, Shuangge Ma
BACKGROUND: Compared to outpatient treatment and self-treatment, inpatient treatment corresponds to more severe illness and poses more serious health and financial burden to patients. The goal of this study is to provide an updated and comprehensive description of the prevalence, characteristics, and cost of inpatient treatment for the middle-aged and elderly in Central China, which is highly populated, less-developed, and agriculture-dominating. METHODS: A survey was conducted in August 2013 in the Henan province...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207677/predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-initiation-and-completion-among-latino-mothers-of-11-to-17-year-old-daughters-living-along-the-texas-mexico-border
#11
Daisy Y Morales-Campos, Deborah Parra-Medina
Few Texas Latino girls initiate and complete the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series, but few studies have examined predictors of initiation and completion in this group. Mothers are crucial to vaccine uptake. Using self-reported data from mothers of unvaccinated girls (n = 317), we examined the association between predictors (HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge, vaccine self-efficacy) and outcomes (initiation and completion). Despite an increase in HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge from baseline to follow-up (n = 195), we found no association between the predictors and the outcomes...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202340/association-between-sociodemographic-psychosocial-lifestyle-factors-and-self-reported-health-among-migrant-laborers-in-china
#12
Cheng-Cheng Li, Xue-Hui Meng, Jing-Ru Wang, Hong-Jun Ma, Chun Chen, Yuan-Qing Liu
BACKGROUND: There were 245 million migrants in China in 2013, the majority of whom migrated from rural to urban areas. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors, and self-reported health (SRH) in Chinese migrant laborers. METHODS: This study was conducted based on data from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey 2012. SRH was measured in a single item, although there were other risk factors from three different groups: sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195811/determinants-of-patient-centered-financial-stress-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
Jonas A de Souza, Sunny Kung, Jeremy O'Connor, Bonnie J Yap
PURPOSE: To prospectively estimate patient-centered financial stress and its relationship with health care utilization in patients with head and neck cancer. This was a survey-based, longitudinal, prospective study of treatment-naïve patients with stage III, IVa, or IVb locally advanced head and neck cancer at a single-institution tertiary care hospital from May 2013 to November 2014. With 121 patients approached, 73 (60%) agreed to participate. METHODS: Self-reported data were collected on demographics, income, wealth, cost-coping strategies, out-of-pocket costs, supportive medication compliance, and perceived social isolation...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192044/an-early-look-at-the-association-between-state-medicaid-expansion-and-disparities-in-cardiovascular-diseases-a-comprehensive-population-health-management-approach
#14
Christopher K Rogers, Ning Jackie Zhang
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases nationally and disproportionately affects low-income individuals. There are substantial disparities on CVD outcomes that stem from the lack of health insurance among low-income populations. The Affordable Care Act expands Medicaid health insurance to low-income populations, and aims to increase the utilization of health, social, and economic preventive services to reduce health disparities and prevent chronic diseases. The authors analyzed data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to understand the potential impact of Medicaid expansion on disparities in CVD among low-income populations...
February 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188957/factors-associated-with-perceived-unmet-dental-care-needs-of-older-adults
#15
Songi Chae, Yunhwan Lee, Jinhee Kim, Ki Hong Chun, Jeong Keun Lee
AIM: Although older adults have high dental care needs as a result of prevalent oral health problems, they have high unmet needs. The purpose of the present study was to examine factors associated with unmet dental care needs among older adults living in the community. METHODS: This study analyzed 1419 adults aged 65 years and older who participated in both the health interview survey and oral examination of the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey carried out in 2010...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188772/two-year-continuation-of-intrauterine-devices-and-contraceptive-implants-in-a-mixed-payer-setting-a-retrospective-review
#16
Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Lori M Gawron, Amy Law, Lonnie Wen, Richard Lynen
BACKGROUND: As the popularity of long-acting reversible contraception increases, so does the need for accurate data on method continuation in diverse clinical settings. We determined two-year continuation rates for the levonorgestrel 52mg intrauterine device, the copper T380A intrauterine device, and the 68mg etonogestrel contraceptive implant in an academic healthcare system with mixed-payer reimbursement. OBJECTIVE(S): To examine the proportion and characteristics of women who continue IUD and implant use to two years and relate continuation to device type when controlling for patient characteristics...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187153/what-matters-for-life-satisfaction-among-the-oldest-old-evidence-from-china
#17
Sor Tho Ng, Nai Peng Tey, M Niaz Asadullah
OBJECTIVE: The world population is aging rapidly and the well-being of older people is of great interest. Therefore, this study investigates the determinants of life satisfaction among the oldest-old (i.e. individuals aged 80 or over) in China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We use the 2011/2012 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey data (n = 6530) for this paper. Logistic regression is used to analyse the effects of socio-demographic, economic, health, instrumental activities of daily living, family and community factors on life satisfaction and depression among the oldest-old in China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181871/the-impact-of-medicare-part-d-on-self-employment
#18
Jeremy G Moulton, Jeffrey C Diebold, John C Scott
We explore the relationship between access to affordable health insurance and self-employment using exogenous variation from the introduction of Medicare Part D that reduced the out-of-pocket cost of prescription drugs and improved health outcomes in a difference-in-differences model using the American Community Survey. We find that our treatment group of individuals aged 65-69 were 0.5 percentage points (or 5%) more likely to be self-employed in relation to a control group aged 60-64.
January 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181683/oral-health-needs-dental-care-utilization-and-quality-of-life-perceptions-among-oregonian-seniors
#19
Richie Kohli, Harjit S Sehgal, Sandra Nelson, Eli Schwarz
BACKGROUND: For a relevant planning process and advocate for improvement in oral health conditions of the senior population up-to-date data are necessary. The objective of this study was to assess the oral health status, dental care utilization and quality of life perceptions of seniors in Clackamas County in Oregon. METHODS: Data were collected in a cross-sectional study on institutionalized and community dwelling older adults where participants completed a self-reported oral health survey, the short-form Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14 questionnaire) and had clinical screenings...
February 9, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181290/community-based-flu-outreach-clinics-in-south-los-angeles-client-satisfaction-and-experiences
#20
Zahra Mobasher, Lisa V Smith, Ashley Stegall, Deanna Bressler-Montgomery, Daniela Dominguez, Jan King, Douglas Frye, Jennifer Piron, Leila Family, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to better understand and improve influenza vaccination in low-income populations regardless of their health insurance/immigration status. It assessed client satisfaction and experiences with services provided at community-based "flu outreach" clinics in South Los Angeles. The clinics represent a community-public agency partnership-a model of vaccine delivery that was relatively novel to the region. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: During 2011-2012, a self-administered questionnaire was distributed to clients of the local health department's 39 flu outreach clinics in South Los Angeles...
February 9, 2017: Public Health Nursing
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