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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632539/epidemiologic-analysis-of-elective-operative-procedures-in-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-the-united-states
#1
Lisa M Einhorn, Brian J Young, Jonathan C Routh, Alexander C Allori, Elisabeth T Tracy, Nathaniel H Greene
BACKGROUND: This study uses publicly available data to analyze the total number of elective, potentially deferrable operative procedures involving infants <6 months of age in the United States. We investigated the factors associated with the performance of these procedures in this population. METHODS: The State Ambulatory Surgery Database was used to identify patients in California, North Carolina, New York, and Utah during the years of 2007 to 2010 who were younger than 6 months of age at the time that they underwent outpatient (ambulatory) surgery...
June 16, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629423/understanding-consumer-and-clinician-preferences-and-decision-making-for-rehabilitation-following-arthroplasty-in-the-private-sector
#2
Mark A Buhagiar, Justine M Naylor, Grahame Simpson, Ian A Harris, Friedbert Kohler
BACKGROUND: To understand private consumer and clinician preferences towards different rehabilitation modes following knee or hip arthroplasty, and identify factors which influence the chosen rehabilitation pathway. METHODS: Mixed methods cross-sectional study involving 95 semi-structured interviews of consumers (patients and carers) and clinicians (arthroplasty surgeons, physiotherapists and rehabilitation physicians) in Sydney, Australia, during 2014-2015. Participants were asked about the acceptability of different modes of rehabilitation provision, and factors influencing their chosen rehabilitation pathway...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628929/-who-should-provide-persons-with-familial-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-with-information-on-early-detection-the-view-of-those-affected
#3
Jasper Plath, Andrea Siebenhofer, Sylvia Schulz-Rothe, Corina Güthlin
Background Colonoscopy is recommended for persons with a familial risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) before they reach 55 years of age. The aim of this analysis was to ask affected persons aged 40-54 years whether they had found out about early detection of CRC and from which institutions and media they would like to obtain such information. Methods Analysis of data from a cross-sectional study: In a general practice setting, those with a positive family history of CRC were asked to provide written information...
June 19, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628150/-analysis-on-status-and-determinants-of-outpatient-service-utilization-of-rural-floating-population-in-beijing-at-different-residence-time
#4
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To study the status and identify the determinants of outpatient service utilization of rural floating population in Beijing who have different accumulated residence time. METHODS: The survey data of rural floating population health and health care services in Beijing in 2014 were used, and the migrant population aged 18 years and above were taken as the research object. Whether to use outpatient service within two weeks was taken as dependent variable, gender, age, education level, self-assessment score of socioeconomic status, accumulated residence time in Beijing, health insurance, average household income, suffering from high blood pressure or diabetes as independent variables...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625117/factors-associated-to-health-care-service-use-among-latino-day-laborers
#5
Javier Francisco Boyas, Nalini Junko Negi, Pamela Valera
Latino day laborers (LDLs) are at elevated risks for disease and injury because of the environments in which they work. Despite this recognition, a comprehensive examination of factors related to LDLs' health service use remains unexamined. Using the Andersen model, the current exploratory study examined predisposing (age, education level, location of educational training, legal status, and marital status), enabling (income, trust in medical personnel, whether the respondent has someone they consider their personal doctor, and whether their doctor speaks the same language, perceived barriers to care), and need (self-rated health, number of chronic conditions) variables to predict use of health services among a purposive sample of LDLs ( N = 150)...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619701/effectiveness-of-a-web-based-intervention-in-reducing-depression-and-sickness-absence-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Till Beiwinkel, Tabea Eißing, Nils-Torge Telle, Elisabeth Siegmund-Schultze, Wulf Rössler
BACKGROUND: Depression is highly prevalent in the working population and is associated with significant loss of workdays; however, access to evidence-based treatment is limited. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a Web-based intervention in reducing mild to moderate depression and sickness absence. METHODS: In an open-label randomized controlled trial, participants were recruited from a large-scale statutory health insurance and were assigned to two groups...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618147/feedback-preferences-of-patients-professionals-and-health-insurers-in-integrated-head-and-neck-cancer-care
#7
Lydia F J van Overveld, Robert P Takes, Thomas W Vijn, Jozé C C Braspenning, Jan P de Boer, John J A Brouns, Rolf J Bun, Boukje A C van Dijk, Judith A W F Dortmans, Emilie A C Dronkers, Robert J J van Es, Frank J P Hoebers, Arvid Kropveld, Johannes A Langendijk, Ton P M Langeveld, Sjoukje F Oosting, Hendrik P Verschuur, Jan G A M de Visscher, Stijn van Weert, Matthias A W Merkx, Ludi E Smeele, Rosella P M G Hermens
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback on professional practice and health care outcomes are the most often used interventions to change behaviour of professionals and improve quality of health care. However, limited information is available regarding preferred feedback for patients, professionals and health insurers. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the (differences in) preferences of receiving feedback between stakeholders, using the Dutch Head and Neck Audit as an example. METHODS: A total of 37 patients, medical specialists, allied health professionals and health insurers were interviewed using semi-structured interviews...
June 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617703/using-self-reports-or-claims-to-assess-disease-prevalence-it-s-complicated
#8
Patricia St Clair, Étienne Gaudette, Henu Zhao, Bryan Tysinger, Roxanna Seyedin, Dana P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Two common ways of measuring disease prevalence include (1) using self-reported disease diagnosis from survey responses; (2) using disease-specific diagnosis codes found in administrative data. Because they do not suffer from self-report biases, claims are often assumed to be more objective. However, it is not clear that claims always produce better prevalence estimates. OBJECTIVE: Conduct an assessment of discrepancies between self-report and claims-based measures for 2 diseases in the US elderly to investigate definition, selection, and measurement error issues which may help explain divergence between claims and self-report estimates of prevalence...
June 14, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617020/need-access-and-the-reach-of-integrated-care-a-typology-of-patients
#9
Ana J Bridges, Bianca T Villalobos, Elizabeth A Anastasia, Aubrey R Dueweke, Samantha J Gregus, Timothy A Cavell
INTRODUCTION: This paper is a report on a study exploring a potential typology of primary care patients referred for integrated behavioral health care (IBHC) services. We considered whether primary care patients could be grouped into meaningful clusters based on perceived need for behavioral health services, barriers to accessing care, and past-year service utilization. We also described the development of a working partnership between our university-based research team and a federally qualified health center (FQHC)...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606212/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-lebanese-primary-care-physicians-in-nutrition-counseling-a-self-reported-survey
#10
Rasha A Hseiki, Mona H Osman, Rana T El-Jarrah, Ghassan N Hamadeh, Najla A Lakkis
Aim This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of primary care physicians (PCPs) in Lebanon regarding nutrition counseling and to investigate possible related barriers. BACKGROUND: Nutrition counseling is an important aspect of patient care, especially with the increase in nutrition-related disorders. METHODS: This is a descriptive study among a convenience sample of PCPs in Lebanon at two annual conferences in 2014 using an anonymous questionnaire...
June 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605446/changes-in-everyday-and-digital-health-technology-use-among-seniors-in-declining-health
#11
David M Levine, Stuart R Lipsitz, Jeffrey A Linder
Background: US seniors' digital health and everyday technology use when their health declines are unknown. Methods: Longitudinal cohort using the National Health and Aging Trends Study, a nationally-representative, annually-administered sample of community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries (n=4037). We used difference-in-differences to assess the adjusted difference (AD) in technology use from 2011-2014 between those with and without health declines. Health decline measures included new-onset dementia; new-onset depression; decreases in activities of daily living (ADLs), short physical performance battery (SPPB), grip strength, and self-reported health; relocation to nursing facility; increased hospitalizations; and new-onset comorbidity...
June 12, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604444/antiretroviral-therapy-use-among-hiv-infected-people-who-inject-drugs-20-cities-united-states-2009-2015
#12
Brooke E Hoots, Teresa J Finlayson, Dita Broz, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
BACKGROUND: Approximately 16% of infections among those living with diagnosed HIV infection in the United States are attributable to injection drug use. Antiretrovirals (ARVs) are recommended for all infected persons to improve health and prevent transmission. Using data from National HIV Behavioral Surveillance, we evaluated changes in ARV use from 2009 to 2015 among HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWID). METHODS: PWID were recruited by respondent-driven sampling in 20 cities...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604441/increasing-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-coverage-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-national-hiv-behavioral-surveillance-united-states-2014
#13
Sara E Oliver, Brooke E Hoots, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Lauri E Markowitz, Elissa Meites
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause oropharyngeal and anogenital cancers among men who have sex with men (MSM). In 2011, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) extended HPV vaccine recommendations to males through age 21 and MSM through age 26. Because of this distinction, vaccination for some MSM might rely on sexual behavior disclosure to health care providers. Receipt of ≥1 HPV vaccination among MSM aged 18-26 in National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) was 4...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604427/health-care-use-and-hiv-related-behaviors-of-black-and-latina-transgender-women-in-3-us-metropolitan-areas-results-from-the-transgender-hiv-behavioral-survey
#14
Damian J Denson, Paige M Padgett, Nicole Pitts, Gabriela Paz-Bailey, Trista Bingham, Juli-Ann Carlos, Pamela McCann, Nikhil Prachand, Jan Risser, Teresa Finlayson
PURPOSE: HIV prevalence estimates among transgender women in the United States are high, particularly among racial/ethnic minorities. Despite increased HIV risk and evidence of racial disparities in HIV prevalence among transgender women, few data are available to inform HIV prevention efforts. METHODS: A transgender HIV-related behavioral survey conducted in 2009 in 3 US metropolitan areas (Chicago, Houston, and Los Angeles County), used respondent-driven sampling to recruit 227 black (n = 139) and Latina (n = 88) transgender women...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602536/national-incidence-of-reportable-quality-metrics-in-the-knee-arthroplasty-population
#15
Joseph E Tanenbaum, Derrick M Knapik, Steven J Fitzgerald, Randall E Marcus
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) characterizes adverse quality events in the inpatient setting as patient safety indicators (PSI). The incidence of PSI has not been quantified in the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) population. METHODS: All patients in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample who underwent primary TKA during an inpatient episode in 2013 were identified using International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600749/correlates-of-preexposure-prophylaxis-prep-use-among-men%C3%A2-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-in-los-angeles-california
#16
Chukwuemeka N Okafor, Pamina M Gorbach, Amy Ragsdale, Brendan Quinn, Steve Shoptaw
We assessed socio-structural and behavioral correlates of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV infection among a sample of high-risk HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) in Los Angeles, California. Participants from an ongoing 5-year prospective cohort study investigating the direct impacts of substance use on HIV transmission dynamics were enrolled between February 2015 and January 2017. All men completed a computer-assisted self-interview every 6 months that assessed recent (past 6 months) PrEP use and socio-structural and behavioral factors...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595698/marfan-syndrome-and-quality-of-life-in-the-gentac-registry
#17
Judith Z Goldfinger, Liliana R Preiss, Richard B Devereux, Mary J Roman, Tabitha P Hendershot, Barbara L Kroner, Kim A Eagle
BACKGROUND: Previous small studies suggested reduced quality of life (QOL) for people with Marfan syndrome (MFS) compared with those without MFS. The national registry of GenTAC (Genetically Triggered Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Cardiovascular Conditions) is a longitudinal observational cohort study of patients with conditions that predispose to thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections, including MFS. At the time of registry enrollment, GenTAC study participants are asked to complete questionnaires about demographics, medical history, health habits, and QOL...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593122/trends-over-time-in-enrollment-in-non-group-health-insurance-plans-by-tobacco-use-in-the-united-states
#18
Michael F Pesko, Johanna Catherine Maclean, Cameron M Kaplan, Steven C Hill
Healthcare.gov was created to facilitate the market for non-group insurance in states that did not establish their own marketplaces. In Healthcare.gov, families are asked to report their tobacco use status, and tobacco use surcharges of up to 50% may result. We tabulate enrollment information for 35 states offering insurance plans through Healthcare.gov in both 2014 and 2016. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services provided counts of enrollees indicating tobacco use, by state, year, and risk level. The number of enrollees increased from 5...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587654/determinants-of-self-perceived-health-for-canadians-aged-40-and-older-and-policy-implications
#19
William Ian Andrew Bonner, Robert Weiler, Rotimi Orisatoki, Xinya Lu, Mustafa Andkhoie, Dana Ramsay, Mohsen Yaghoubi, Megan Steeves, Michael Szafron, Marwa Farag
BACKGROUND: Perceived health status indicates people's overall perception of their health, including both physical and psychological dimensions. The aim of this study was to examine the determinants of self-perceived health for Canadians aged 40 and older using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (2010). METHODS: Multiple logistic regression models were employed to identify factors associated with self-perceived health in two age groups: Adults aged 65+ and Adults aged 40-64...
June 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585073/exploring-the-social-needs-and-challenges-of-chinese-american-immigrant-breast-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study-using-an-expressive-writing-approach
#20
Krystal Warmoth, Bernice Cheung, Jin You, Nelson C Y Yeung, Qian Lu
PURPOSE: Little is known about the psychological well-being and social barriers among immigrant Chinese American breast cancer survivors. The aim of the present study was to explore the social needs and challenges of Chinese American immigrant breast cancer survivors. METHOD: This study used the expressive writing approach to explore the experiences among 27 Chinese American breast cancer survivors. The participants were recruited through community-based organizations in Southern California, most of whom were diagnosed at stages I and II (33 and 48%, respectively)...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
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