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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348914/exploring-health-insurance-services-in-sudan-from-the-perspectives-of-insurers
#1
Anas Mustafa Ahmed Salim, Fatima Hashim Mahmoud Hamed
Background: It has been 20 years since the introduction of health insurance in Sudan. This study was the first one that explored health insurance services in Sudan from the perspectives of the insurers. Methods: This was a qualitative, exploratory, interview study. The sampling frame was the list of Social Health Insurance and Private Health Insurance institutions in Sudan. Participants were selected from the four Social Health Insurance institutions and from five Private Health Insurance companies...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346340/disparities-in-preconception-health-indicators-%C3%A2-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-2013-2015-and-pregnancy-risk-assessment-monitoring-system-2013-2014
#2
Cheryl Robbins, Sheree L Boulet, Isabel Morgan, Denise V D'Angelo, Lauren B Zapata, Brian Morrow, Andrea Sharma, Charlan D Kroelinger
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Preconception health is a broad term that encompasses the overall health of nonpregnant women during their reproductive years (defined here as aged 18-44 years). Improvement of both birth outcomes and the woman's health occurs when preconception health is optimized. Improving preconception health before and between pregnancies is critical for reducing maternal and infant mortality and pregnancy-related complications. The National Preconception Health and Health Care Initiative's Surveillance and Research work group suggests ten prioritized indicators that states can use to monitor programs or activities for improving the preconception health status of women of reproductive age...
January 19, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342172/driving-factors-of-retention-in-care-among-hiv-positive-msm-and-transwomen-in-indonesia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Adi Nugroho, Vicki Erasmus, Robert W S Coulter, Sushil Koirala, Oranuch Nampaisan, Wirastra Pamungkas, Jan Hendrik Richardus
Little is known about the prevalence of and factors that influence retention in HIV-related care among Indonesian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (transwomen, or waria in Indonesian term). Therefore, we explored the driving factors of retention in care among HIV-positive MSM and waria in Indonesia. This cross-sectional study involved 298 self-reported HIV-positive MSM (n = 165) and waria (n = 133). Participants were recruited using targeted sampling and interviewed using a structured questionnaire...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327366/financing-elderly-people-s-long-term-care-needs-evidence-from-china
#4
Fengyue Li, Junko Otani
Confronted by accelerated population aging, China is establishing a long-term care (LTC) system. This study discusses challenges and recommendations for financing China's LTC system. On the basis of the data on elderly people's self-care ability from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, we calculate the size of the elderly population that need LTC for the period from 2015 to 2030 and analyse the increasing tendency of LTC expenses by considering the impact of price increase. We also analyse the local governments' financial capacity for LTC support by comparing the expense level to the fiscal revenue...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327269/unfair-treatment-and-periodontitis-among-adults-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#5
Tracy L Finlayson, Hector Lemus, Karen Becerra, Linda M Kaste, Shirley M Beaver, Christian R Salazar, Richard H Singer, Marston E Youngblood
This study investigates how perceived unfair treatment, towards self and observed towards others due to ethnicity, is associated with periodontitis among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults, accounting for sociodemographic, health behavior, and acculturation factors. Baseline (2008-2011) dental and survey data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter epidemiologic study, were analyzed (N = 12,750). Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios and confidence limits were estimated...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324732/tobacco-product-use-among-military-veterans-united-states-2010-2015
#6
Satomi Odani, Israel T Agaku, Corinne M Graffunder, Michael A Tynan, Brian S Armour
In 2015, an estimated 18.8 million U.S. adults were military veterans (1). Although the prevalence of tobacco-attributable conditions is high among veterans (2), there is a paucity of data on use of tobacco products, other than cigarettes, in this population. To monitor tobacco product use among veterans, CDC analyzed self-reported current (i.e., past 30-day) use of five tobacco product types (cigarettes, cigars [big cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars], roll-your-own tobacco, pipes, and smokeless tobacco [chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus]) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323406/type-and-timing-of-dietary-acid-intake-and-tooth-wear-among-american-adults
#7
Lynn H Al-Zwaylif, Saoirse O'Toole, Eduardo Bernabé
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interrelationship between type and timing of dietary acid intake and tooth wear among American adults. METHODS: This study used data from 3,586 adults, aged 18 years and older, who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-04. Information on four types of acidic food and beverages (fruits, fruit juices, alcoholic drinks, and soft drinks) and timing of consumption (meals versus snacks, defined according to percentage of total energy intake, self-reported eating occasion, and time of day) was extracted from two 24-hour dietary recalls...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316909/the-health-impact-of-residential-retreats-a-systematic-review
#8
Dhevaksha Naidoo, Adrian Schembri, Marc Cohen
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles are a major factor in the development and exacerbation of many chronic diseases. Improving lifestyles though immersive residential experiences that promote healthy behaviours is a focus of the health retreat industry. This systematic review aims to identify and explore published studies on the health, wellbeing and economic impact of retreat experiences. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO databases were searched for residential retreat studies in English published prior to February 2017...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315204/moral-distress-model-reconstructed-using-grounded-theory
#9
Hsun-Kuei Ko, Chi-Chun Chin, Min-Tao Hsu
BACKGROUND: The problems of nurse burnout and manpower shortage relate to moral distress. Thus, having a good understanding of moral distress is critical to developing strategies that effectively improve the clinical ethical climate and improve nursing retention in Taiwan. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to reconstruct the model of moral distress using the grounded theory. METHODS: Twenty-five staff nurses at work units who attend to the needs of adult, pediatric, acute, and critical disease or end-of-life-care patients were recruited as participants using theoretical sampling from three teaching hospitals in Taiwan...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315179/prevalence-of-hearing-loss-and-hearing-care-use-among-asian-americans-a-nationally-representative-sample
#10
Janet S Choi, Elina Kari, Rick A Friedman, Laurel M Fisher
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of hearing loss and factors affecting hearing care use among Asian Americans, using the first nationally representative sample of Asian Americans. STUDY DESIGN: National cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Ambulatory examination centers. PATIENTS: Three thousand six hundred twelve adults (522 Asian American) aged 20 to 69 in the 2011 to 2012 National Health and Examination Survey with pure-tone audiometry...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315083/capture-consistently-acquired-projections-for-tuned-and-robust-estimation-a-self-navigated-respiratory-motion-correction-approach
#11
Cihat Eldeniz, Tyler Fraum, Amber Salter, Yasheng Chen, H Michael Gach, Parag J Parikh, Kathryn J Fowler, Hongyu An
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we present a fully automated and robust self-navigated approach to obtain 4-dimensional (4-D) motion-resolved images during free breathing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proposed method, Consistently Acquired Projections for Tuned and Robust Estimation (CAPTURE), is a variant of the stack-of-stars gradient-echo sequence. A 1-D navigator was consistently acquired at a fixed azimuthal angle for all stacks of spokes to reduce nonphysiological signal contamination due to system imperfections...
January 8, 2018: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304829/muslim-women-s-use-of-contraception-in-the-united-states
#12
Henna Budhwani, Jami Anderson, Kristine R Hearld
BACKGROUND: American Muslim women are an understudied population; thus, significant knowledge gaps exist related to their most basic health behaviors and indicators. Considering this, we examined American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns. METHODS: Self-reported data collected in late 2015 were analyzed. Women who identified as Muslim, were at least 18 years old, sexually active, and current residents of the United States (n = 224) met the inclusion criteria...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304226/predictors-of-health-service-utilization-among-older-men-in-jamaica
#13
Douladel Willie-Tyndale, Julian McKoy Davis, Desmalee Holder-Nevins, Kathryn Mitchell-Fearon, Kenneth James, Norman K Waldron, Denise Eldemire-Shearer
Objectives: To determine the relative influence of sociodemographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and health variables on health service utilization in the last 12 months. Methods: Data were analyzed for 1,412 men ≥60 years old from a 2012 nationally representative community-based survey in Jamaica. Associations between six health service utilization variables and several explanatory variables were explored. Logistic regression models were used to identify independent predictors of each utilization measure and determine the strengths of associations...
January 3, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302285/implant-failure-and-history-of-failed-endodontic-treatment-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#14
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Larry F Wolff
Background: Residual bacterial biofilm and/or bacteria in planktonic form may be survived in the bone following an extraction of an infected tooth that was endodontically treated unsuccessfully Failed endodontic treatment may be associated with failure of implants to osseointegrate in the same sites. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective case-control study is to examine the risk of implant failure in previous failed endodontic sites. Material and Methods: This retrospective case-control study is based on 94 dental records of implants placed at the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298361/association-between-perceived-discrimination-and-emergency-department-use-among-safety-net-patients-in-the-southwestern-united-states
#15
Kimberly R Enard, Lucinda Nevarez, Deborah M Ganelin
OBJECTIVES: Patients' perceptions of how they are treated in their interactions with the healthcare system represent important and valid measures of healthcare quality that may influence health utilization, outcomes, and costs. Perceived discrimination or the sense of being treated unfairly is an important patient perception known to adversely affect health, but the relation of such perceptions to health-seeking behaviors related to low-acuity emergency department (ED) use is unclear...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290571/-individual-patient-satisfaction-gesundes-kinzigtal-interim-results-of-a-trend-study
#16
Achim Siegel, Wilhelm Niebling
INTRODUCTION: The integrated health care pilot model "Gesundes Kinzigtal" (GK) is recognized as a reference model for integrated healthcare in Germany. The aim of GK is to improve the health of the insured persons and, at the same time, to decrease their healthcare costs compared to usual care. The evaluation of GK has so far shown that GK might reach this aim. However, there are still no evaluation studies on GK focusing on patient-reported outcomes. This gap needs to be closed by a trend study, which is the main topic of this paper: We present interim results of this study, focusing on patient satisfaction with GK, insured persons' self-reported change of health behavior, their knowledge on health maintenance, and health-related quality of life...
December 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290172/recent-trends-in-cost-related-medication-nonadherence-among-cancer-survivors-in-the-united-states
#17
Min Jee Lee, M Mahmud Khan, Ramzi G Salloum
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors avoid necessary medications due to costs. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of cost-related medication non-adherence (CRN) by age and insurance status over a number of years in a national sample of U.S. cancer survivors. METHODS: Using the 1999-2012 National Health Interview Survey, we examined the prevalence and correlates of self-reported CRN, that is, patient-reported inability to afford prescribed medications within the past 12 months, resulting in nonadherence among cancer survivors...
January 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288172/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-guided-internet-and-mobile-based-depression-intervention-for-individuals-with-chronic-back-pain-protocol-of-a-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Jiaxi Lin, Lasse Sander, Sarah Paganini, Sandra Schlicker, David Ebert, Matthias Berking, Jürgen Bengel, Stephanie Nobis, Dirk Lehr, Oskar Mittag, Heleen Riper, Harald Baumeister
INTRODUCTION: Depression often co-occurs with chronic back pain (CBP). Internet and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) might be a promising approach for effectively treating depression in this patient group. In the present study, we will evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a guided depression IMI for individuals with CBP (eSano BackCare-D) integrated into orthopaedic healthcare. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this multicentre randomised controlled trial of parallel design, the groups eSano BackCare-D versus treatment as usual will be compared...
December 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284491/dental-care-use-in-ontario-the-canadian-community-health-survey-cchs
#19
Safoura Zangiabadi, Christy Costanian, Hala Tamim
BACKGROUND: Oral health is a significant measure of overall health, and regular dental visits are recommended for the maintenance of oral health. The purpose of this study is to determine the pattern (amount and type) of, and factors associated with dental care use among Ontarians. METHODS: Data from the 2014 cycle of the Canadian Community Health Survey was used and analysis was restricted to individuals aged 12 and above residing in Ontario. Dental care use was defined by two distinct outcomes: not visiting a dentist within the past year and visiting a dentist only for emergencies...
December 29, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282900/barriers-to-effective-case-management-for-disabled-patients-on-hemodialysis
#20
Hidehiro Sugisawa, Yumiko Shimizu, Tamaki Kumagai, Hiroaki Sugisaki, Seiji Ohira, Toshio Shinoda
The present study examined the performance level and its related factors on the process of case management for disabled patients on hemodialysis. Case management performance was evaluated at three stages: patient assessment, making a care plan, and monitoring/evaluation. Candidates for targeting the factors relating to performance included four dimensions: nursing care level, physical malfunction, cognitive malfunction, and barriers to service were used as patient factors; the period of case management for the patient and the knowledge of dialysis emerged as case manager factors; work load was included as an organizational factor; and community resources for these services and communication with surrounding persons were included as system factors...
December 28, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
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