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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630006/reliability-and-validity-of-the-patient-specific-functional-scale-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Ruth Ann Mathis, J David Taylor, Brian H Odom, Chad Lairamore
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical measurement of physical function that is both specific to the individual and generates comparable outcome data is a fundamental need in physical therapy examination. The Patient-Specific Functional Scale (PSFS) has been found to be a reliable and valid measure of physical function in patients with musculoskeletal disorders and may have applications for other patient populations. However, the reliability and the validity of the PSFS have not been evaluated in older adults...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617207/impact-of-balance-confidence-on-daily-living-activities-of-older-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-with-regard-to-balance-physical-function-pain-and-quality-of-life-a-preliminary-report
#2
Lana Bobić Lucić, Simeon Grazio
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to explore the impact of balance confidence on different activities of daily living (ADL) in older people with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive participants with knee OA were included in this cross-sectional study. They were divided according to the results of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) Scale into a group with a low level of confidence in physical functioning (ABC < 50, n = 22) and a group with moderate and high levels of confidence (ABC ≥ 50, n = 25)...
March 20, 2018: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610109/improvement-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-school-aged-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-via-a-digital-smartglasses-based-socioemotional-coaching-aid-short-term-uncontrolled-pilot-study
#3
Arshya Vahabzadeh, Neha U Keshav, Joseph P Salisbury, Ned T Sahin
BACKGROUND: People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) commonly experience symptoms related to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), including hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. One-third of ASD cases may be complicated by the presence of ADHD. Individuals with dual diagnoses face greater barriers to accessing treatment for ADHD and respond less positively to primary pharmacologic interventions. Nonpharmacologic technology-aided tools for hyperactivity and inattention in people with ASD are being developed, although research into their efficacy and safety remains limited...
March 24, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605431/combination-of-blood-lactate-level-with-assessment-of-blood-consumption-abc-scoring-system-a-more-accurate-predictor-of-massive-transfusion-requirement
#4
Wongsakorn Chaochankit, Osaree Akaraborworn, Burapat Sangthong, Komet Thongkhao
PURPOSE: Exsanguination is the most common leading cause of death in trauma patients. The massive transfusion (MT) protocol may influence therapeutic strategies and help provide blood components in timely manner. The assessment of blood consumption (ABC) score is a popular MT protocol but has low predictability. The lactate level is a good parameter to reflect poor tissue perfusion or shock states that can guide the management. This study aimed to modify the ABC scoring system by adding the lactate level for better prediction of MT...
March 3, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596045/positive-behaviour-support-training-for-staff-for-treating-challenging-behaviour-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-cluster-rct
#5
Angela Hassiotis, Michaela Poppe, Andre Strydom, Victoria Vickerstaff, Ian Hall, Jason Crabtree, Rumana Omar, Michael King, Rachael Hunter, Alessandro Bosco, Asit Biswas, Victoria Ratti, Jessica Blickwedel, Vivien Cooper, William Howie, Mike Crawford
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies have indicated that training staff in Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) may help to reduce challenging behaviour among people with intellectual disability (ID). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether or not such training is clinically effective in reducing challenging behaviour in routine care. The study also included longer-term follow-up (approximately 36 months). DESIGN: A multicentre, single-blind, two-arm, parallel-cluster randomised controlled trial...
March 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584516/effect-of-intermittent-hypoxia-training-for-dizziness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Xiao Bao, Jie-Wen Tan, Ying Long, Howe Liu, Hui-Yu Liu
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of intermittent hypoxia training (IHT) for dizziness. DESIGN: A single-blind, randomized controlled trial. All participants were recruited from a rehabilitation department in an acute university-affiliated hospital. INTERVENTION: Participants with dizziness were randomly assigned to two groups (IHT group and control group). The Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Vertigo Visual Analog Scale (VVAS) were conducted at baseline, end of the 4th week...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572210/a-novel-glaesserella-sp-isolated-from-severe-respiratory-infections-in-pigs-has-a-mosaic-genome-with-virulence-factors-putatively-acquired-by-horizontal-transfer
#7
Anne E Watt, Glenn F Browning, Alistair R Legione, Rhys N Bushell, Andrew Stent, Ross S Cutler, Neil D Young, Marc S Marenda
An unknown member of the family Pasteurellaceae was repeatedly isolated from severe pulmonary lesions in 20-24 week old pigs reared on the same farm in Victoria, Australia. The aetiological diagnosis of the disease was inconclusive. The complete genome sequence analysis of one strain, 15-184, revealed some phylogenic proximity to Glaesserella (Haemophilus) parasuis , the cause of Glasser's disease. However, sequences of the 16S rRNA and housekeeping genes, as well as average nucleotide identity scores, differed from all other known species in the family Pasteurellaceae The protein content of 15-184 was composite, with 60% of coding sequences matching known G...
March 23, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549746/receptive-language-is-associated-with-visual-perception-in-typically-developing-children-and-sensorimotor-skills-in-autism-spectrum-conditions
#8
Penelope Hannant
A number of studies have evidenced marked difficulties in language in autism spectrum conditions (ASC). Studies have also shown that language and word knowledge are associated with the same area of brain that is also responsible for visual perception in typically developing (TD) individuals. However, in ASC, research suggests word meaning is mapped differently, on to situational sensorimotor components within the brain. Furthermore, motor coordination is associated with communication skills. The current study explores whether motor coordination and visual perception are impaired in children with ASC, and whether difficulties in coordination and visual perception correlate with receptive language levels...
March 14, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529142/prospective-associations-of-poor-diet-quality-with-long-term-incidence-of-protein-energy-malnutrition-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-the-health-aging-and-body-composition-health-abc-study
#9
Linda M Hengeveld, Hanneke A H Wijnhoven, Margreet R Olthof, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Tamara B Harris, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Anne B Newman, Marjolein Visser
Background: Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a major problem in older adults. Whether poor diet quality is an indicator for the long-term development of PEM is unknown. Objective: The aim was to determine whether poor diet quality is associated with the incidence of PEM in community-dwelling older adults. Design: We used data on 2234 US community-dwelling older adults aged 70-79 y of the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514852/focused-training-for-the-handover-of-critical-patient-information-during-simulated-pediatric-emergencies
#10
Andrew J Lautz, Kelly C Martin, Akira Nishisaki, Christopher P Bonafide, Roberta L Hales, Elizabeth A Hunt, Vinay M Nadkarni, Robert M Sutton, Donald L Boyer
OBJECTIVES: Miscommunication has been implicated as a leading cause of medical errors, and standardized handover programs have been associated with improved patient outcomes. However, the role of structured handovers in pediatric emergencies remains unclear. We sought to determine if training with an airway, breathing, circulation, situation, background, assessment, recommendation handover tool could improve the transmission of essential patient information during multidisciplinary simulations of critically ill children...
April 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505349/low-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-and-risk-of-incident-cognitive-impairment-in-black-and-white-older-adults-the-health-abc-study
#11
Laurel Kilpatrick, Denise K Houston, Valerie K Wilson, James Lovato, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Jane A Cauley, Tamara Harris, Eleanor M Simonsick, Kristine Yaffe, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Kaycee M Sink
Using data from the Health, Aging, and Body Composition study, we examined whether low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations were associated with prevalent or incident cognitive impairment. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were measured in 2,786 older adults and categorized as <20 ng/mL, 20 to <30 ng/mL, or ≥30 ng/mL. Cognitive impairment was defined as a score >1.5 standard deviations below race and education specific means on either digit symbol substitution test or modified mini-mental state test...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496068/ct-guided-radiofrequency-ablation-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-bone-cysts
#12
Osama A Zarzour, Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Nicolas Olea Serrano, Abdelkareem Hassan Abdallah, Mostafa Ahmad El-Sharkawy, Amr Farouk Mourad
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is one of most therapeutic challenging lesions for orthopedic surgeons specially in large-sized lesions and lesions, which are very close to important neurovascular structures. In the present study, we express our experience in the treatment of aneurysmal bone cyst by radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA). METHODS: In the last two years, we have treated 20 cases (12 males & 8 females) presented with painful aneurysmal bone cysts in different anatomical locations, the age mean (±SD) is 18...
March 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480438/alterations-in-volumes-and-mri-features-of-amygdala-in-chinese-autistic-preschoolers-associated-with-social-and-behavioral-deficits
#13
Zongming Zhu, Xiangming Fang, Hongwei Chen, Xiangwen Zhu, Lili Zhang, Xiaodong Zhai, Zhimin Cui, Quansheng Gao
To examine the amygdala volume in 2-5-year-old preschool children with autism and explore the relationship between amygdala volumes based on MRI findings and clinical features. A total of 39 cases with clinically diagnosed autism were collected. The oblique coronal T1 weighted image (T1WI) sequence was used to measure the volume of amygdala and the MRI signals were measured and analyzed. The data were compared to that of 24 age-matched healthy children and correlated to the clinical manifestations. The autism and the control groups were subject to brain scanning in 1 week after Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) review...
February 26, 2018: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455490/-clinical-application-of-anterior-thoracoscopically-assisted-surgery-with-posterior-one-stage-total-en-block-spondylectomy-for-thoracic-spinal-tumor
#14
Wen Xue, Xiao-Li Guan, Zeng-Ping Wang, Zhong-Yu Hao, Lin Liu, Yao-Wen Qian
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clincial effects and feasibility of anterior thoracoscopically assisted surgery (TAS) with posterior one-stage total en block spondylectomy(TES) for thoracic spinal tumour. METHODS: From October 2014 to January 2016, 4 patients with thoracic spinal tumour were treated by anterior thoracoscopically assisted surgery with posterior one-stage total en block spondylectomy. There were 2 males and 2 females, aged 16, 35, 46, 60 years. Courses of disease were 1, 4, 6, 9 months...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449954/metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-5-tracer-18-f-fpeb-displays-increased-binding-potential-in-postcentral-gyrus-and-cerebellum-of-male-individuals-with-autism-a-pilot-pet-study
#15
S Hossein Fatemi, Dean F Wong, James R Brašić, Hiroto Kuwabara, Anil Mathur, Timothy D Folsom, Suma Jacob, George M Realmuto, José V Pardo, Susanne Lee
Background: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is first manifested during early childhood. Postmortem experiments have identified significantly elevated expression of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) in cerebellar vermis and prefrontal cortex of individuals with autism. Methods: In the current study we employed the mGluR5 tracer [18 F]-3-fluoro-5-[(pyridin-3-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile ([18 F]-FPEB) to quantify mGluR5 binding in vivo in adults with autism vs...
2018: Cerebellum & Ataxias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441487/prior-antiplatelet-therapy-is-not-associated-with-larger-hematoma-volume-or-hematoma-growth-in-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#16
Verena van Ginneken, Patricia Engel, Jochen B Fiebach, Heinrich J Audebert, Christian H Nolte, Andrea Rocco
Hematoma volume (HV) and hematoma growth (HG) predict mortality and poor outcome in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). While the influence of oral anticoagulation on HV, HG and outcome is well established, the effect of prior antiplatelet therapy (APT) remains uncertain. We retrospectively examined data from all patients with acute, primary ICH, and baseline head CT admitted to our department between January 2005 and February 2014. HV were calculated by ABC/2 method. HG was defined as present if HV increased between baseline and follow-up CT ≥ 30% or ≥ 6 mL...
February 14, 2018: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419568/recent-abacavir-use-increases-risk-for-types-1-and-2-myocardial-infarctions-among-adults-with-hiv
#17
Richard A Elion, Keri N Althoff, Jinbing Zhang, Richard D Moore, Stephen J Gange, Mari M Kitahata, Heidi M Crane, Daniel R Drozd, James H Stein, Marina B Klein, Joseph J Eron, Michael J Silverberg, William C Mathews, Amy C Justice, Timothy R Sterling, Charles S Rabkin, Angel M Mayor, Daniel B Klein, Michael A Horberg, Ronald J Bosch, Oghenowede Eyawo, Frank J Palella
BACKGROUND: There is persistent confusion as to whether abacavir (ABC) increases the risk for myocardial infarction (MI), and whether such risk differs by Type 1 (T1MI) or 2 (T2MI) MI in adults with HIV. METHODS: Incident MIs in NA-ACCORD participants were identified from 2001 to 2013. Discrete time marginal structural models addressed channeling biases and time-dependent confounding to estimate crude (HR) and adjusted hazard ratios (aHR) and 95% confidence intervals; analyses were performed for T1MI and T2MI separately...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414299/predicting-falls-in-multiple-sclerosis-do-electrophysiological-measures-have-a-better-predictive-accuracy-compared-to-clinical-measures
#18
Somasundaram Aadhimoolam Chinnadurai, Divya Gandhirajan, Avathvadi Venkatesan Srinivasan, Bhanu Kesavamurthy, Lakshmi Narasimhan Ranganathan, Vijaya Pamidimukkala
BACKGROUND: The risk of falls in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is much greater than that of the general population due to impaired coordination, gait, sensation, muscle tone, strength, and cognition. These MS related falls hamper the day to day living of these individuals and are one of the prime factors aggravating the disease related morbidity. The fear of falling itself may make these individuals more dependent and hinder their professional and leisurely activities. Hence, the significance of identifying individuals who are at risk of falling and instituting preventive counter-measures cannot be overemphasized...
February 2, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406900/symptomatic-orthostatic-hypotension-in-parkinson-s-disease-patients-prevalence-associated-factors-and-its-impact-on-balance-confidence
#19
Siranan Klanbut, Siripan Phattanarudee, Supakit Wongwiwatthananukit, Chuthamanee Suthisisang, Roongroj Bhidayasiri
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a commonly reported sign of the cardiovascular autonomic dysfunctions associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). Patients might suffer from a variety of the clinical symptoms of OH, including dizziness, lightheadedness, or problems with vision and fatigue. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, symptomatic orthostatic hypotension (OH) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and to identify any relationships between the clinical symptoms of OH and balance confidence in this patient population...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406430/abacavir-lamivudine-and-tenofovir-emtricitabine-in-pregnant-women-with-hiv-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-in-an-observational-national-study
#20
Marco Floridia, Carmela Pinnetti, Marina Ravizza, Giulia Masuelli, Carlo Personeni, Matilde Sansone, Anna Degli Antoni, Giovanni Guaraldi, Arsenio Spinillo, Beatrice Tassis, Serena Dalzero, Giuseppina Liuzzi, Enrica Tamburrini
BACKGROUND: Abacavir-lamivudine (ABC/3TC) and tenofovir-emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) represent in the guidelines of several countries, including Italy and United States, the preferred nucleoside/nucleotide backbones of antiretroviral regimens. We assessed their profile in pregnancy using data from a national observational study. METHODS: Laboratory measures (CD4, HIV-RNA, lipid profile, glucose, haemoglobin, ALT) and pregnancy outcomes (preterm delivery, low birthweight, nonelective cesarean section, birthweight Z-score, congenital defects, HIV transmission, maternal weight gain, pregnancy complications) were compared following prenatal exposure to ABC/3TC or TDF/FTC...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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