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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647219/higher-mortality-of-severe-influenza-patients-with-probable-aspergillosis-than-those-with-and-without-other-coinfections
#1
Yee-Huang Ku, Khee-Siang Chan, Chun-Chieh Yang, Che-Kim Tan, Yin-Ching Chuang, Wen-Liang Yu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Aspergillus-associated infection might comprise up to 23-29% of severe influenza patients from the community throughout stay in an intensive care unit (ICU). In Taiwan, cases of severe influenza with aspergillosis are increasingly reported. Therefore, we describe the relative risk of mortality among severe influenza patients with aspergillosis and other coinfections compared to severe influenza patients without Aspergillus coinfections. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 124 adult patients with severe influenza in a tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan from January 2015 through March 2016...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638594/high-burden-of-antimicrobial-resistance-among-gram-negative-bacteria-causing-healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-critical-care-unit-of-nepal
#2
Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Keshab Parajuli, Basista Prasad Rijal, Bharat Mani Pokhrel
BACKGROUND: Healthcare associated infections (HCAI) and antimicrobial resistance are principal threats to the patients of intensive care units and are the major determining factors for patient outcome. They are associated with increased morbidity, mortality, excess hospitalization and financial costs. The present study is an attempt to investigate the spectrum and antimicrobial resistance of bacterial isolates involved in healthcare associated infections (HCAI) in the patients of a critical care unit at a tertiary care university hospital in Kathmandu, Nepal...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625267/-application-of-quality-control-chart-in-quality-control-for-nosocomial-infection-in-intensive-care-unit
#3
Yumei Cheng, Yuanyi Liu, Difen Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application value of control chart in the management of nosocomial infection in intensive care unit (ICU) by using quality control chart to monitor the infections in ICU. METHODS: From October 2011 to June 2016, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), namely the three catheters, occurred in ICU of the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University were monitored and recorded monthly, then the data was imput into the Excel, and the data was analyzed using SPSS...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625234/-effect-of-global-end-diastolic-volume-index-guidance-fluid-resuscitation-in-elderly-patients-with-septic-shock
#4
Shuang Ma, Rumin Zhang, Shifu Wang, Meiling Zhao, Lei Wang, Yun Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of global end diastolic volume index (GEDVI) on fluid resuscitation in elderly patients with septic shock. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. Septic shock patients over 65 years admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shandong Province, Zibo Central Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 were enrolled. The patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 20 cases in each group...
June 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619005/effects-of-immunonutrition-on-biomarkers-in-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-in-malaysia-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Vineya Rai Hakumat Rai, Lee Fern Phang, Sheau Fung Sia, Amirah Amir, Jeyaganesh S Veerakumaran, Mustafa Kassim Abdulazez Kassim, Rafidah Othman, Pei Chien Tah, Pui San Loh, Mohamad Irfan Othman Jailani, Gracie Ong
BACKGROUND: Head injury is one of the top three diagnosis leading to intensive care unit (ICU) admission in Malaysia. There has been growing interest in using immunonutrition as a mode of modulating the inflammatory response to injury or infection with the aim of improving clinical outcome. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an immunonutrition on biomarkers (IL-6, glutathione, CRP, total protein and albumin) in traumatic brain injury patients. METHODS: Thirty six patients with head injury admitted to neurosurgical ICU in University Malaya Medical Centre were recruited for this study, over a 6-month period from July 2014 to January 2015...
June 15, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616203/reduced-rate-of-intensive-care-unit-acquired-gram-negative-bacilli-after-removal-of-sinks-and-introduction-of-water-free-patient-care
#6
Joost Hopman, Alma Tostmann, Heiman Wertheim, Maria Bos, Eva Kolwijck, Reinier Akkermans, Patrick Sturm, Andreas Voss, Peter Pickkers, Hans Vd Hoeven
BACKGROUND: Sinks in patient rooms are associated with hospital-acquired infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of removal of sinks from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patient rooms and the introduction of 'water-free' patient care on gram-negative bacilli colonization rates. METHODS: We conducted a 2-year pre/post quasi-experimental study that compared monthly gram-negative bacilli colonization rates pre- and post-intervention using segmented regression analysis of interrupted time series data...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614365/modelling-community-control-strategies-to-protect-hospital-resources-during-an-influenza-pandemic-in-ottawa-canada
#7
Patrick Saunders-Hastings, Bryson Quinn Hayes, Robert Smith, Daniel Krewski
BACKGROUND: A novel influenza virus has emerged to produce a global pandemic four times in the past one hundred years, resulting in millions of infections, hospitalizations and deaths. There is substantial uncertainty about when, where and how the next influenza pandemic will occur. METHODS: We developed a novel mathematical model to chart the evolution of an influenza pandemic. We estimate the likely burden of future influenza pandemics through health and economic endpoints...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608496/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-the-intensive-care-unit-trial-detailed-statistical-analysis-plan
#8
M Krag, A Perner, J Wetterslev, T Lange, M P Wise, M Borthwick, S Bendel, P Pelosi, F Keus, A B Guttormsen, J C Schefold, T S Meyhoff, S Marker, M H Møller
BACKGROUND: In this statistical analysis plan, we aim to provide details of the pre-defined statistical analyses of the Stress Ulcer Prophylaxis in the Intensive Care Unit (SUP-ICU) trial. The aim of the SUP-ICU trial is to assess benefits and harms of stress ulcer prophylaxis with a proton pump inhibitor in adult patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: The SUP-ICU trial is an investigator-initiated, international, multicentre, randomised, blinded, parallel-group trial of intravenously pantoprazole 40 mg once daily vs...
June 12, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607636/impact-of-garlic-tablets-on-nosocomial-infections-in-hospitalized-patients-in-intensive-care-units
#9
Hossein Madineh, Farrokh Yadollahi, Farshad Yadollahi, Ebrahim Pouria Mofrad, Majid Kabiri
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial infections are one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity in hospitals, especially in intensive care units (ICUs). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of garlic tablets on nosocomial infections in hospitalized patients in intensive care units. METHODS: This clinical trial was carried out on 94 patients, admitted to the intensive care units in Kashani and Al-Zahra hospitals from January 21, 2014 to December 20, 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603411/effect-of-small-dose-levosimendan-on-mortality-rates-and-organ-functions-in-chinese-elderly-patients-with-sepsis
#10
Xin Wang, Shikui Li
AIM: As a primary cause of death not only in Western countries but also in the People's Republic of China, sepsis is diagnosed as abnormal organ functions as a result of a disordered response to a severe infection. This study was designed to assess the effect of small-dose levosimendan without a loading dose on mortality rates and organ functions in Chinese elderly patients with sepsis. METHODS: Following a prospective, randomized, and double-blinded design, 240 Chinese elderly patients with sepsis shock were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU)...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599676/a-randomized-trial-of-supplemental-parenteral-nutrition-in-underweight-and-overweight-critically-ill-patients-the-top-up-pilot-trial
#11
Paul E Wischmeyer, Michel Hasselmann, Christine Kummerlen, Rosemary Kozar, Demetrios James Kutsogiannis, Constantine J Karvellas, Beth Besecker, David K Evans, Jean-Charles Preiser, Leah Gramlich, Khursheed Jeejeebhoy, Rupinder Dhaliwal, Xuran Jiang, Andrew G Day, Daren K Heyland
BACKGROUND: Nutrition guidelines recommendations differ on the use of parenteral nutrition (PN), and existing clinical trial data are inconclusive. Our recent observational data show that amounts of energy/protein received early in the intensive care unit (ICU) affect patient mortality, particularly for inadequate nutrition intake in patients with body mass indices (BMIs) of <25 or >35. Thus, we hypothesized increased nutrition delivery via supplemental PN (SPN) + enteral nutrition (EN) to underweight and obese ICU patients would improve 60-day survival and quality of life (QoL) versus usual care (EN alone)...
June 9, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594615/oral-decontamination-techniques-and-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#12
Ranjitha Chacko, Amala Rajan, Prabha Lionel, M Thilagavathi, Bijesh Yadav, Jeyarani Premkumar
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the major nosocomial infections in the intensive care unit (ICU), contributing to increased mortality and morbidity. Studies have shown that oral decontamination through the use of mechanical and pharmacological agents significantly reduces the incidence of VAP, but oral care practices in ICUs are not consistent. A double-blind randomised controlled trial was undertaken in the medical ICU of a tertiary care centre in India, to assess the efficacy of a toothbrush-based oral care technique in reducing incidence of VAP...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592343/external-validation-of-three-prediction-tools-for-patients-at-risk-of-a-complicated-course-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-disappointing-in-an-outbreak-setting
#13
Yvette H van Beurden, Marjolein P M Hensgens, Olaf M Dekkers, Saskia Le Cessie, Chris J J Mulder, Christina M J E Vandenbroucke-Grauls
OBJECTIVE Estimating the risk of a complicated course of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) might help doctors guide treatment. We aimed to validate 3 published prediction models: Hensgens (2014), Na (2015), and Welfare (2011). METHODS The validation cohort comprised 148 patients diagnosed with CDI between May 2013 and March 2014. During this period, 70 endemic cases of CDI occurred as well as 78 cases of CDI related to an outbreak of C. difficile ribotype 027. Model calibration and discrimination were assessed for the 3 prediction rules...
June 8, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592328/severe-varicella-zoster-virus-pneumonia-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#14
Adrien Mirouse, Philippe Vignon, Prescillia Piron, René Robert, Laurent Papazian, Guillaume Géri, Pascal Blanc, Christophe Guitton, Claude Guérin, Naïke Bigé, Antoine Rabbat, Aurélie Lefebvre, Keyvan Razazi, Muriel Fartoukh, Eric Mariotte, Lila Bouadma, Jean-Damien Ricard, Amélie Seguin, Bertrand Souweine, Anne-Sophie Moreau, Stanislas Faguer, Arnaud Mari, Julien Mayaux, Francis Schneider, Annabelle Stoclin, Pierre Perez, Julien Maizel, Charles Lafon, Frédérique Ganster, Laurent Argaud, Christophe Girault, François Barbier, Lucien Lecuyer, Jérôme Lambert, Emmanuel Canet
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a dreaded complication of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection in adults; however, the data are limited. Our objective was to investigate the clinical features, management, and outcomes of critically ill patients with VZV-related community-acquired pneumonia (VZV-CAP). METHODS: This was an observational study of patients with VZV-CAP admitted to 29 intensive care units (ICUs) from January 1996 to January 2015. RESULTS: One hundred and two patients with VZV-CAP were included...
June 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591973/-the-application-of-internal-iliac-artery-balloon-occlusion-in-pernicious-placenta-previa
#15
Xiao-Rong Qi, Xing-Hui Liu, Yong You, Xiao-Dong Wang, Rong Zhou, Ai-Yun Xing, Li Zhang, Gang Ning, Fu-Min Zhao, Kai-Ming Li
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical application value of internal iliac artery balloon occlusion in pernicious placenta previa. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the patients of pernicious placenta previa in a single center from Jan, 2010 to Jan, 2015. The patients were divided into two groups, internal iliac artery balloon occlusion group and the control group without endovascular intervention. Blood loss in operation, volume of transfused blood products, caesarean hysterectomy, operating time, hospital days after operation and postoperative morbidity were compared between the two groups...
July 2016: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582313/outbreaks-in-the-neonatal-icu-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Julia Johnson, Caroline Quach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neonates in the neonatal ICU (NICU) are uniquely vulnerable to colonization and infection with pathogens such as multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria, which in turn are associated with increased infection-related morbidities and higher case-fatality rates. We reviewed the English, French, and German language literature published between 2015 and 2017, for reports of NICU outbreaks. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 39 outbreaks in NICUs were reported with Gram-negative bacteria (n = 21; 54%) causing most, and extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing organisms being the most frequent resistance mechanism reported (n = 5)...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578555/infections-due-to-acinetobacter-baumannii-in-the-icu-treatment-options
#17
Joseph P Lynch, George G Zhanel, Nina M Clark
Bacteria within the genus Acinetobacter (principally A. baumannii-calcoaceticus complex [ABC]) are gram-negative coccobacilli that may cause nosocomial infections in critically ill or debilitated patients (particularly ventilator-associated pneumonia and infections of the bloodstream, urinary tract, and wounds). Treatment of Acinetobacter infections is difficult, as Acinetobacter spp. are intrinsically resistant to multiple antimicrobial agents, and have a remarkable ability to acquire new resistance determinants via mechanisms that include plasmids, transposons, integrons, and resistance islands...
June 2017: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571981/outbreak-of-ctx-m-15-producing-enterobacter-cloacae-associated-with-therapeutic-beds-and-syphons-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#18
A Bousquet, N van der Mee-Marquet, C Dubost, C Bigaillon, S Larréché, S Bugier, C Surcouf, S Mérat, H Blanchard, A Mérens
An outbreak of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacter cloacae (ESBL-ECL) occurred in our intensive care unit (ICU) and involved 18 patients (8 infected and 10 colonized). The mean age of patients was 69 years, and all infected patients had underlying medical conditions. Within hours' recognition of the spread of ESBL-ECL, the infection control team requested for staff education, reinforcement of infection control measures, and environmental screening. New transmissions were observed in the institution after weeks of enhanced infection control measures...
May 29, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569640/prevalence-of-serum-antibody-titers-against-canine-distemper-virus-and-canine-parvovirus-in-dogs-hospitalized-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#19
Jennifer L Mahon, Elizabeth A Rozanski, April L Paul
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of dogs hospitalized in an intensive care unit (ICU) with serum antibody titers against canine distemper virus (CDV) and canine parvovirus (CPV). DESIGN Prospective observational study. ANIMALS 80 dogs. PROCEDURES Dogs hospitalized in an ICU for > 12 hours between February 1 and June 1, 2015, that had at least 0.25 mL of serum left over from diagnostic testing were eligible for study inclusion. Dogs with serum antibody titers > 1:32 (as determined by serum neutralization) and > 1:80 (as determined by hemagglutination inhibition) were considered seropositive for CDV and CPV, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560183/outbreak-by-hypermucoviscous-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st11-isolates-with-carbapenem-resistance-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-china
#20
Lingling Zhan, Shanshan Wang, Yinjuan Guo, Ye Jin, Jingjing Duan, Zhihao Hao, Jingnan Lv, Xiuqin Qi, Longhua Hu, Liang Chen, Barry N Kreiswirth, Rong Zhang, Jingye Pan, Liangxing Wang, Fangyou Yu
Hypervirulent and multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains pose a significant threat to the public health. In the present study, 21 carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae isolates (CRKP) were determined by the string test as hypermucoviscous K. pneumoniae (HMKP), with the prevalence of 15.0% (21/140) among CRKP, and 1.1% (21/1838) among all K. pneumoniae isolates. Among them, 7 (33.3%), and 1 (4.76%) isolate belonged to capsular serotype K20 and K2 respectively, while 13 (61.9%, 13/21) weren't successfully typed by capsular serotyping...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
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