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Chau Yee Ng, Hsi Yen, Hui-Yi Hsiao, Shih-Chi Su
Skin is the largest human organ, our protection against various environmental assaults and noxious agents. Accumulation of these stress events may lead to the formation of skin cancers, including both melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers. Although modern targeted therapies have ameliorated the management of cutaneous malignancies, a safer, more affordable, and more effective strategy for chemoprevention and treatment is clearly needed for the improvement of skin cancer care. Phytochemicals are biologically active compounds derived from plants and herbal products...
March 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jia Liu, Li-Li Hou, Cui-Ying Zhao
The herbal medicine Yin Huang Mixture (YHHJ; patent no. 200910031240.7) is an aqueous extract composed from various herbs, including Artemisia capillaries Thunb, Hypericum japonicum Thunb, Eucommia ulmoides Oliver, Rheum officinale Baill, Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, Poria cocos Wolf and Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz. Previous studies have indicated that YHHJ treatment has a beneficial effect on ameliorating itching and reducing serum bile acid levels in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP)...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sangkwan Lee, Seon-Jong Kim
BACKGROUND: Arthritis is the most common disease in elderly individuals. Many medications for osteoarthritis treatment have the potential for side effects. Using a bioinformatics tool and preclinical studies, ChondroT, 5 herbal complexes, was identified from Ganghwaljetongyeum, which is a18 herbal complex, which has often used to treat osteoarthritis. The goal of this study is to evaluate short-term safety of ChondroT. METHODS: This will be a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fengwen Yang, Jiahan Zou, Xuemei Li, Long Ge, Jinhui Tian, Myeong Soo Lee, Junhua Zhang
BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal injections (CHIs) have been commonly used in the treatment of unstable angina pectoris (UAP) in China. However, there is no consensus or evidence on how to select CHIs for patients with UAP. The choice often depends on the personal experience or preference of clinician. This study aims to compare the effect of different CHIs for UAP using Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA). METHODS: A systematic search will be conducted in PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang Data from inception to February 2018...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dan Zhang, Jiarui Wu, Kaihuan Wang, Xiaojiao Duan, Shi Liu, Bing Zhang
BACKGROUND: The optimal Chinese herbal injections (CHIs) combined with XELOX regimen for patients with gastric cancer remains elusive. The aim of our network meta-analysis (NMA) is to explore the best options among different CHIs for gastric cancer. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Wan-fang Database, Cqvip Database (VIP), China Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) were searched to identify RCTs which focused on CHIs against gastric cancer...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Inuk Jung, Hyejin Kang, Jang Uk Kim, Hyeonsook Chang, Sun Kim, Woosuk Jung
BACKGROUND: Ginseng is a popular traditional herbal medicine in north-eastern Asia. It has been used for human health for over thousands of years. With the rise in global temperature, the production of Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer) in Korea have migrated from mid to northern parts of the Korean peninsula to escape from the various higher temperature related stresses. Under the high ambient temperature, vegetative growth was accelerated, which resulted in early flowering. This precocious phase change led to yield loss...
March 19, 2018: BMC Systems Biology
G Tsoucalas, T G Papaioannou, G V Papatheodoridis, M Karamanou
Known since antiquity, rectal prolapse was first studied systematically by Hippocrates (460-377 BC) who recognized the predisposing factors and proposed several therapeutic approaches such as defecation positions, manual retraction and specific herbal or mineral based anti-haemorrhagic and pain-killing poultices. Hippocratic medicine avoided invasive surgical procedures probably due to a lack of knowledge in human anatomy. However, Hippocrates' views astonishingly lasted in time, presenting similarities to current medical theories on rectal prolapse...
July 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Y F Cagin, Y Seckin, F Firat, E Samdanci
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Herbal treatments are becoming increasingly popular in many countries. Anchusa Boraginaceae (also called Tort plant and beef tongue) is commonly used as a herbal medicine in Elazıg region as diuretic and in the treatment of ulcers, and it is stated that this has no adverse effect. We report a case of acute hepatitis associated with long time use of high doses of Anchusa Boraginaceae. CASE: A 43-year-old male patient is drinking water of Anchusa Boraginaceae that is boiling for 14 days to dissolve the stones in the gallbladder...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Ya-Li Ma, Fang Chen, Jun Shi
Background: Rhein, an anthraquinone derivative of rhubarb, is traditionally used in Chinese herbal medicine. Now emerging studies suggest its antitumor properties in many human cancers. The present study aims to investigate the antitumor role of Rhein and its possible mechanism in human renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Materials and methods: Three RCC cell lines (A489, 786-O and ACHN) were used as the cell models. We applied CCK-8, cell counting, colony formation, wound healing and Transwell assays to assess the antitumor roles of Rhein in RCC cells in vitro...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Yue Zhang, Liying Zhang, Qi Zhang, Xitong Zhang, Tong Zhang, Bing Wang
Background: Brucea javanica oil (BJO), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has a variety of pharmacological activities and several BJO-related patent drugs have been widely used in China. Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate the gastric therapeutic effects of self-made BJO and its pharmaceutical potential to formulate novel BJO gastroretentive floating bead by comparing with commercial products. Methods: BJO was extracted from the seeds of B...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Nazli Namazi, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Hossein Ayati, Mohammad Abdollahi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Nigella sativa L. (N.sativa) is a traditional herbal medicine that has been used for centuries to treat rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, asthma, and other metabolic disorders. Recently, anti-obesity characteristics of N.sativa have been indicated. AIM OF THE STUDY: The effects of N. sativa as a complementary therapy in obesity management remains controversial. We aimed to perform a meta-analysis on the effects of supplementation with N...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Jiawei Liu, Mian Zu, Kaotan Chen, Li Gao, Huan Min, Weiling Zhuo, Weiwen Chen, Ailin Liu
BACKGROUND: Neuraminidase (NA) is one of the key surface protein of the influenza virus, and has been established as a primary drug target for anti-influenza therapies. This study aimed to screen bioactive herbal extracts from some medicinal plants traditionally used in Lingnan Chinese Medicines by NA activity high-throughput screening assay. METHODS: One hundred ninety herbal extracts from 95 medicinal plants collected in Guangzhou were screened for their potential inhibitory activities against A (H1N1) influenza neuraminidase, and the most active extracts were further evaluated for their anti-influenza virus activities using virus-induced cytopathic effect (CPE)...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Yoon-Young Sung, Dong-Seon Kim, Seung-Hyung Kim, Ho Kyoung Kim
BACKGROUND: Allium fistulosum (Welsh onion) is a traditional medicinal plant used for the treatment of colds, influenza, abdominal pain, headache, and heart disease. This study evaluated the effects of A. fistulosum ethanolic extract (AFE) and aqueous extract (AFW) on body weight and other obesity-related parameters. METHODS: Male 8-week-old C57BL/6 J mice were fed either a standard chow diet (normal control) or a high-fat diet (HFD) either alone (HFD-control) or in combination with G...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Hidayat Hussain, Ivan R Green, Umair Shamraiz, Muhammad Saleem, Amin Badshah, Ghulam Abbas, Najeeb Ur Rehman, Muhammad Irshad
Glycyrrhetinic acids (GAs) viz., 18β-glycyrrhetinic acid and 18α-glycyrrhetinic acid, are oleanane-type triterpenes having a carboxylic acid group at C-30, and are extracted from the Chines herbal medicine licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis). Although the pharmacological properties of GAs have long been known, attention to them has greatly increased in recent times due to their cytotoxic activity. Areas Covered: This review represents the patents granted about natural and synthetic glycyrrhetinic acid analogs from January 2010 to December 2017, the advances made by research groups in conjunction with pharmaceutical companies in the discovery of new natural or synthetic glycyrrhetinic acid analogs...
March 20, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Parva Nasimi, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Sayad Roohi
Here, we studied the protective effects of Satureja Khuzestanica essential oil (SKEO) as a potent anti-oxidant, against damage caused by chemotherapy with busulfan in testis and epididymal sperm of adult mice. The NMRI adult mice were assigned: G1: control, G2: was treated with busulfan (4 days, 3.2 mg/kg), G3: was treated with busulfan (4 days, 3.2 mg/kg) and SKEO (28 days, 225 mg/kg) at the same time, and G4: was pre-treated with SKEO (7 days, 225 mg/kg) and subsequently co-treated with busulfan (4 days, 3...
March 20, 2018: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
Hadeel Albabtain, Monira Alwhaibi, Khalid Alburaikan, Yousif Asiri
Background: Complementary and Alternative Medication (CAM) is commonly used among women with breast cancer to improve their quality of life (QoL). However, few studies examine the prevalence of CAM and its' relation to the patients' QoL among women with breast cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 95 women with breast cancer at a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia. The outcome measure of interest was the QoL. The correlation was used to assess the association between CAM use and QoL...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Gordana Nikolić, Nikola M Stojanović, Pavle J Randjelović, Snežana Manojlović, Niko S Radulović
Utilization of herbal products (HPs) is a common practice in the traditional medicine of people from southeastern Serbia. In this study, we focused on the usage of HPs as a self-medication practice among patients diagnosed with a mental illness, by aiming to ascertain the usage prevalence, the identity of the main plant taxa utilized, their formulations and target symptoms. This was accomplished through a cross-sectional study of psychiatric outpatients, conducted in the Clinic for Mental Health Protection in Niš, and which included a questionnaire on HP utilization and a non-structured psychiatric interview...
March 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Adrian L Lopresti, Hemant Gupta, Stephen J Smith
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of a poly-herbal formulation, Herbagut, for the treatment of gastrointestinal symptoms and its effect on quality of life parameters in patients presenting with self-reported, unsatisfactory bowel habits. METHODS: This was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Fifty adults with self-reported unsatisfactory bowel habits, primarily characterised by chronic constipation were randomly allocated to take Herbagut or a matching placebo for 28 days...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Chin-Chuan Tsai, Chi-Shiuan Lin, Chun-Ru Hsu, Chiu-Ming Chang, I-Wei Chang, Li-Wei Lin, Chih-Hsin Hung, Jiun-Ling Wang
BACKGROUND: No animal model studies have been conducted in which the efficacy of herbal compounds has been tested against multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infections. Very few antibiotics are available for the treatment of pulmonary infections caused by extensively drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (XDRAB). To find alternative treatments, traditional Chinese herbs were screened for their antimicrobial potential. METHODS: The present study screened 30 herbs that are traditionally used in Taiwan and that are commonly prescribed for heat clearing and detoxification...
March 20, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Katlego Mmopele, Sandra Combrinck, Josias Hamman, Clarissa Willers, Weiyang Chen, Alvaro Viljoen
The African wild olive ( Olea europaea subsp. africana ) is traditionally used as a hypotensive agent. Herb-drug interactions may result from the concurrent use of herbal medicines and conventional prescription drugs. This aspect was investigated by determining the effect of the extract on the in vitro intestinal epithelial permeation of selected hypotensive drugs using the Caco-2 cell culture model. The phytochemical profiles of leaf extracts of African wild olive from different localities in South Africa were compared, since efficacy is determined by the chemical composition...
March 19, 2018: Planta Medica
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