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calcaneus bone marrow edema

Tomo Hamada, Hidenori Matsubara, Hiroaki Kimura, Takao Aikawa, Yasuhisa Yoshida, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
Osteoid osteoma of the calcaneus is rare and frequently misdiagnosed as arthritis because of similar symptoms. In addition, radiographic findings may be nonspecific, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may show a bone marrow edema and changes in adjacent soft tissue. A 19-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of persistent pain and swelling in the left hind foot; diagnostic computed tomography and MRI analyses revealed lesions suggesting an intra-articular osteoid osteoma of the calcaneus. Initial MRI did not show specific findings...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
Seong Jong Yun, Wook Jin, Gou Young Kim, Jae Hoon Lee, Kyung Nam Ryu, Ji Seon Park, So Young Park
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to retrospectively determine the prevalence and image findings of extraarticular talocalcaneal coalition with os sustentaculum, a type of talocalcaneal coalition that does not appear in current classification systems, in patients with an imaging diagnosis of foot coalition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed using a database query of radiology reports of ankle and foot CT or MRI examinations performed from August 2001 to November 2013...
December 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Masahiro Maki, Kazuya Ikoma, Kan Imai, Masamitsu Kido, Yusuke Hara, Yuji Arai, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings before extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and the treatment outcome of ESWT. METHODS: This study examined 50 feet with chronic plantar fasciitis. The scores before ESWT and after a six-month follow-up were investigated using the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) Ankle-Hindfoot Scale and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). MRI before ESWT was used for image evaluation...
May 2015: Modern Rheumatology
Christine Ehrmann, Matthias Maier, Bernard Mengiardi, Christian W A Pfirrmann, Reto Sutter
PURPOSE: To determine the spectrum of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings at the calcaneal attachment of the plantar fascia in asymptomatic volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was obtained from all subjects. MR imaging was performed in 77 asymptomatic volunteers (mean age, 48.0 years; age range, 23-83 years) with use of a 1.5-T system. There were 40 women (mean age, 49.0 years; age range, 24-83 years) and 37 men (mean age, 48...
September 2014: Radiology
Brittany M Rice, Nicholas W Todd, Richard Jensen, Shannon M Rush, William Rogers
Metastatic lesions of uterine carcinosarcoma most commonly occur in the abdomen and lungs and less frequently in highly vascularized bone. We report a rare case of an 86-year-old female with uterine carcinosarcoma with metastasis to the left calcaneus. The patient had a history of uterine carcinosarcoma with hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, along with bilateral pelvic and aortic lymphadenectomy, with no adjuvant therapy. The initial pedal complaint was that of left foot pain. The initial radiographic findings were negative; however, magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed a substantial area of marrow edema in the calcaneus...
May 2014: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
C Boulet, M De Maeseneer, H Everaert, M Kichouh, J De Mey, M Shahabpour
We report on a 45-yr-old male sports instructor with chronic pain and instability of the ankle. He was a recreational basketball player, but because of repeated ankle sprains and chronic subtalar pain this activity became impossible. The radiologic findings were compatible with the diagnosis of accessory calcaneus. In an initial therapeutic approach the patient was treated conservatively with taping and physical therapy, but this failed to relieve the symptoms. Next, a ligamentoplasty was performed. The instability improved, but the pain remained the same...
November 2012: JBR-BTR: Organe de la Société Royale Belge de Radiologie (SRBR)
Adriana Martins Rios, Zehava Sadka Rosenberg, Jenny Teresa Bencardino, Silvia Pérez Rodrigo, Sara García Theran
OBJECTIVE: Many disorders produce similar or overlapping patterns of bone marrow edema in the ankle. Bone marrow edema may present in a few hindfoot bones simultaneously or in a single bone. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to provide guidelines based on clinical history and specific MRI patterns and locations to accurately identify the cause of ankle bone marrow edema. We will first focus on bone marrow edema in general disease categories involving multiple bones, such as reactive processes, trauma, neuroarthropathy, and arthritides...
October 2011: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Chandani Thorning, Wladyslaw M W Gedroyc, Philippa A Tyler, Elizabeth A Dick, Elaine Hui, Jonathan Valabhji
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a retrospective cohort study assessing the prevalence and clinical and radiological outcome of remote areas of bone marrow edema on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the feet of subjects with diabetes and neuropathic foot ulceration. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: MRIs performed over 6 years looking for osteomyelitis associated with neuropathic lesions were assessed for remote areas of signal change. RESULTS: Seventy MRI studies were assessed...
July 2010: Diabetes Care
Jeffrey E Martus, John E Femino, Michelle S Caird, Lawrence R Kuhns, Clifford L Craig, Frances A Farley
A retrospective review identified six patients with seven painful rigid flatfeet. In each case, pain was localized laterally to an accessory facet of the anterolateral talus. cross-sectional imaging demonstrated no evidence of tarsal coalition. In five of the six, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was obtained and in each case demonstrated focal abutting bone marrow edema consistent with impingement between the accessory facet and the anterior calcaneus.Seven feet in six patients underwent resection of the accessory facet with additional subtalar joint-sparing reconstructive procedures...
2008: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
Michael Fredericson, Fabio Jennings, Christopher Beaulieu, Gordon O Matheson
A stress fracture is a partial or complete bone fracture that results from repeated application of stress lower than the stress required to fracture the bone in a single loading. Otherwise healthy athletes, especially runners, sustain stress injuries or fractures. Prevention or early intervention is the preferable treatment. However, it is difficult to predict injury because runners vary with regard to biomechanical predisposition, training methods, and other factors such as diet, muscle strength, and flexibility...
October 2006: Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging: TMRI
David Petrover, Mark E Schweitzer, J D Laredo
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to evaluate the association, by MRI, of anterior calcaneal process fractures with tarsal coalitions, ankle sprains, and bifurcate ligament abnormalities. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: A retrospective review of 1,479 foot and ankle MR images was performed, over a period of 5 years, for isolated anterior process fractures of the calcaneus. Fifteen 1.5-T MR examinations were systematically evaluated by two radiologists in consensus. Marrow edema patterns, presence of a calcaneonavicular coalition, as well as bifurcate and anterior talofibular ligaments, were evaluated...
July 2007: Skeletal Radiology
Hatice Tuba Sanal, Nail Bulakbasi, Murat Kocaoglu, Duzgun Yildirim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the flap reconstructed hind feet of patients with MRI who were traumatized by land-mine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: T1 and T2 weighted images were obtained in 7 patients, 12 months later the reconstruction of their hind feet by myocutaneous flaps after land-mine trauma. RESULTS: In all patients T2 signal intensities of the myocutaneous flaps were slightly high compared to normal undisturbed muscle...
August 2007: European Journal of Radiology
Nogah Shabshin, Mark E Schweitzer, William B Morrison, John A Carrino, Marc S Keller, Leslie E Grissom
BACKGROUND: High-signal T2-weighted bone marrow changes can be found in both bone marrow edema and hematopoietic marrow and are often seen on pediatric MR images of the feet and ankle. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether high-signal T2 changes of the bone marrow seen on pediatric MRI of feet and ankles represent residual hematopoietic marrow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 402 bones in 41 pediatric MRI studies of feet and ankles (34 children, 1-18 years) were reviewed by two observers who were blinded to the patients' ages...
July 2006: Pediatric Radiology
Fang Zhu, Jeffrey E Johnson, Christopher B Hirose, Kyongtae T Bae
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging the acute changes in the heel associated with extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional clinical study review board approved the study, and informed consent was obtained. MR imaging was performed within 24 hours before and after ESWT on 18 feet of 12 patients (eight women and four men; age range, 33-63 years; average, 49.9 years) with chronic plantar fasciitis...
January 2005: Radiology
Stefano Santini, Arturo Rebeccato, Roberto Schiavon, Livio Nogarin
The authors report a retrospective study involving 25 feet in 21 patients who underwent percutaneous drilling for chronic heel pain. Patients with increased activity of the heel were considered for surgical treatment if there was increased uptake on the delayed bone scans. The average follow-up was 21 months (range, 6 to 30 months). All patients were treated in day surgery with local anesthesia. Three small holes were bored in the medial cortex of the calcaneus. Clinical evaluation of the parameters of pain, walking distance, fascial tenderness, paresthesias, and ankle and subtalar joint motion were evaluated preoperatively and at final follow-up...
September 2003: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
L Trappeniers, M De Maeseneer, F De Ridder, F Machiels, M Shahabpour, C Tebache, R Verhellen, M Osteaux
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether initiation of running in sedentary individuals would lead to bone marrow edema on MR images, within the time span of 1 week. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The feet of 10 healthy volunteers were imaged by MR imaging before and after running during 30 min a day for 1 week. The images were evaluated by consensus of 2 musculoskeletal radiologists who graded the presence of bone marrow edema on a 4-point scale. Edema scores and number of bones involved before and after running were compared statistically...
July 2003: European Journal of Radiology
W B Morrison, J A Carrino, M E Schweitzer, T G Sanders, D P Raiken, C E Johnson
OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe a pattern of subtendinous bone marrow edema on MR images of the ankle and to determine if there is an association with location of symptoms and overlying tendinopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At 1.5 T, 141 MR examinations of the ankle (116 clinical examinations of patients with chronic pain, 25 of asymptomatic control patients) were performed using T1-weighted, proton density-weighted fast spin-echo, and T2-weighted fat-suppressed fast spin-echo sequences...
May 2001: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
M Maier, M Steinborn, C Schmitz, A Stäbler, S Köhler, M Pfahler, H R Dürr, H J Refior
OBJECTIVE: To clarify morphologic features associated with the clinical outcome of extracorporeal shock wave application (ESWA) in chronic plantar fasciitis. METHODS: In this prospective study 43 patients (48 heels) with chronic courses of plantar fasciitis were clinically examined before and after repetitive low energy ESWA. Standard radiographs of the affected heels were obtained before ESWA to document the existence of a calcaneal heel spur. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed before ESWA to evaluate abnormalities of the plantar fascia, the surrounding soft tissue structures, and bone marrow edema of the calcaneus...
October 2000: Journal of Rheumatology
J S Newman, A H Newberg
Congenital tarsal coalition is a diagnosis that is often overlooked in young patients who first present with foot and ankle pain. Calcaneonavicular and talocalcaneal coalitions are encountered most frequently; fusion at other sites is much less common. Tarsal coalitions may be osseous, cartilaginous, or fibrous. Calcaneonavicular coalitions are readily detected on oblique radiographs. Radiographic confirmation of talocalcaneal coalition is more difficult than for fusion at other locations, although several secondary radiographic signs may indirectly suggest the diagnosis...
March 2000: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
M Steinborn, A Heuck, M Maier, P Schnarkowski, J Scheidler, M Reiser
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the type and frequency of characteristic bone and soft tissue changes on MRI of patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 patients with a clinical diagnosis of plantar fasciitis underwent MR imaging. Besides T1- and T2-weighted sequences, short-tau-inversion-recovery sequences were used routinely. In 27 patients T1-weighted images after intravenous contrast injection were acquired additionally...
January 1999: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
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