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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136890/electro-acoustic-sensor-for-the-real-time-identification-of-the-bacteriophages
#1
О I Guliy, B D Zaitsev, I A Borodina, А М Shikhabudinov, S А Staroverov, L A Dykman, A S Fomin
The electro-acoustical sensor for the real-time identification of the bacteriophage FAl-SR65 is described. The polyclonal antibodies specific to the bacteriophage FAl-SR65 were for the first time obtained, and the possibility of their application to the bacteriophage detection by using the electro-acoustical method of analysis was also studied for the first time. The electro-acoustical sensor was based on the lateral electric field excited piezoelectric resonator. The frequency dependences of the real and imaginary parts of the electrical impedance of such a resonator, loaded with the virus-antibody suspension, significantly differed from those measured for the same resonator with the same virus suspension but without antibodies (control)...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134510/drug-design-for-alk-positive-nsclc-an-integrated-pharmacophore-based-3d-qsar-and-virtual-screening-strategy
#2
Nivya James, V Shanthi, K Ramanathan
The increasing death rates related to anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive lung cancer culminated in a significant interest in the discovery of novel inhibitors for ALK. In the present research work, pharmacophore-based 3D QSAR modeling and virtual screening strategy have been carried out to address these issues. Initially, a five-point pharmacophore model was developed using the biological data of 50 compounds which includes an FDA-approved ALK inhibitor, crizotinib. Using the generated pharmacophore, a 3D QSAR model was developed and used as a query to screen the DrugBank database...
November 13, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131108/genetic-and-pathological-assessment-of-hnrnpa1-hnrnpa2-b1-and-hnrnpa3-in-familial-and-sporadic-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#3
Jennifer A Fifita, Katharine Y Zhang, Jasmin Galper, Kelly L Williams, Emily P McCann, Alison L Hogan, Neil Saunders, Denis Bauer, Ingrid S Tarr, Roger Pamphlett, Garth A Nicholson, Dominic Rowe, Shu Yang, Ian P Blair
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the genes encoding the heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins hnRNPA1 and hnRNPA2/B1 have been reported in a multisystem proteinopathy that includes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and inclusion body myopathy associated with Paget disease of the bone and frontotemporal dementia. Mutations were also described in the prion-like domain of hnRNPA1 in patients with classic ALS. Another hnRNP protein, hnRNPA3, has been found to be associated with the ALS/frontotemporal dementia protein C9orf72...
November 11, 2017: Neuro-degenerative Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119072/a-comparison-of-visual-outcomes-and-patient-satisfaction-between-photorefractive-keratectomy-and-femtosecond-laser-assisted-in-situ-keratomileusis
#4
Nauman Hashmani, Sharif Hashmani, Priyanka Ramesh, Hina Rajani, Junaid Ahmed, Jaish Kumar, Arun Kumar, Munira Jamali
Purpose To compare visual outcomes and satisfaction among patients of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK; Wavelight EX 500, Alcon, Ft Worth, TX, USA) and femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FAL; Wavelight FS 200 laser and Wavelight EX 500, Alcon, Ft Worth, TX, USA). Methods We performed a retrospective study of 409 eyes in 207 patients that underwent either PRK (n=90) or FAL (n=117) at the two centers of Hashmanis Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. The included refractive outcomes were sphere diopters (D), cylinder D, and spherical equivalent D...
September 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082476/effective-utilization-of-carbohydrate-in-corncob-to-synthesize-furfuralcohol-by-chemical-enzymatic-catalysis-in-toluene-water-media
#5
Xin-Xia Xue, Jun-Hua Di, Yu-Cai He, Bing-Qian Wang, Cui-Luan Ma
In this study, carbohydrates (cellulose plus hemicellulose) in corncob were effectively converted furfuralcohol (FOL) via chemical-enzymatic catalysis in a one-pot manner. After corncob (2.5 g, dry weight) was pretreated with 0.5 wt% oxalic acid, the obtained corncob-derived xylose (19.8 g/L xylose) could be converted to furfural at 60.1% yield with solid acid catalyst SO4(2-)/SnO2-attapulgite (3.6 wt% catalyst loading) in the water-toluene (3:1, v/v) at 170 °C for 20 min. Moreover, the oxalic acid-pretreated corncob residue (1...
October 30, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033165/molecular-epidemiological-study-of-familial-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-japanese-population-by-whole-exome-sequencing-and-identification-of-novel-hnrnpa1-mutation
#6
Hiroya Naruse, Hiroyuki Ishiura, Jun Mitsui, Hidetoshi Date, Yuji Takahashi, Takashi Matsukawa, Masaki Tanaka, Akiko Ishii, Akira Tamaoka, Keiichi Hokkoku, Masahiro Sonoo, Mari Segawa, Yoshikazu Ugawa, Koichiro Doi, Jun Yoshimura, Shinichi Morishita, Jun Goto, Shoji Tsuji
To elucidate the genetic epidemiology of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS) in the Japanese population, we conducted whole-exome sequencing analysis of 30 FALS families in whom causative mutations have not been identified in previous studies. Consequently, whole-exome sequencing analysis revealed novel mutations in HNRNPA1, TBK1, and VCP. Taken together with our previous results of mutational analyses by direct nucleotide sequencing analysis, a microarray-based resequencing method, or repeat-primed PCR analysis, causative mutations were identified in 41 of the 68 families (60...
September 6, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993872/a-novel-mutation-of-vapb-in-one-chinese-familial-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-pedigree-and-its-clinical-characteristics
#7
Yi-Min Sun, Yi Dong, Jian Wang, Jia-Hong Lu, Yan Chen, Jian-Jun Wu
The mutation of vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B (VAPB) was proved to cause family amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS). Only two mutations of VAPB associated with ALS have been reported (p.Pro56Ser and p.Thr46Ile). Here we reported a Chinese Han FALS family caused by a novel VAPB point mutation. The clinical materials of one Chinese Han FALS family were collected. The genetic analysis was carried out by target sequencing and further verified by Sanger sequencing. One novel mutation of c...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982682/phyllotactic-regularity-requires-the-paf1-complex-in-arabidopsis
#8
Kateryna Fal, Mengying Liu, Assem Duisembekova, Yassin Refahi, Elizabeth S Haswell, Olivier Hamant
In plants, aerial organs are initiated at stereotyped intervals, both spatially (every 137 degrees in a pattern called phyllotaxis) and temporally (at prescribed time intervals called plastochron). To investigate the molecular basis of such regularity, mutants with altered architecture have been isolated. However, most of them only exhibit defects in plastochron and/or produce a new, albeit equally reproducible, phyllotactic pattern. This leaves open the question of a molecular control of phyllotaxis regularity...
October 5, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979725/effect-of-nicorandil-on-qt-dispersion-in-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris-undergoing-elective-angioplasty-a-triple-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#9
Homa Fal Suleimani, Ali Eshraghi, Mehdi Hasanzadeh Daloee, Sara Hoseini, Nima Nakhaee
BACKGROUND: Nicorandil leads to the relaxation of fine vascular smooth muscle, and thus causes vasodilatation of major epicardial. Also, it has anti-arrhythmic and cardio-protective effects by improving reperfusion, and ultimately leads to a reduction in microvascular damage caused by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of nicorandil on QT interval dispersion (QTd) in patients with stable angina pectoris during elective angioplasty...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943780/strategies-for-the-construction-of-supramolecular-dimers-versus-homoleptic-1d-coordination-polymers-starting-from-the-diphosphorus-cp2mo2-co-4-%C3%AE-2-p2-complex-and-silver-i-salts
#10
Mehdi Elsayed Moussa, Martin Fleischmann, Eugenia V Peresypkina, Luis Dütsch, Michael Seidl, Gabor Balázs, Manfred Scheer
The reactions of the tetrahedral diphosphorus [Cp2Mo2(CO)4(η(2)-P2)] (1; Cp = C5H5) complex with Ag[Al{OC(CF3)3}4] (AgTEF) (A) and Ag[FAl{OC(C6F5)(C6F10)}3] (AgFAl) (B) were studied. The first reaction led to the formation of the [Ag2(η(2)-1)2(η(1):η(1)-1)2][TEF]2 (2) dimer and the [Ag2(η(1):η(1)-1)3] n [TEF]2n (3) coordination polymer, whereas the second reaction afforded the [Ag2(η(1):η(1)-1)2(η(1)-CH2Cl2)2(η(2)-C7H8)2][FAl]2 (4) or the [Ag2(η(2)-1)2(η(1):η(1)-1)2][FAl]2 (5) dimer and the [Ag2(η(1):η(1)-1)4] n [FAl]2n (6) coordination polymer...
July 7, 2017: European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899654/deciphering-the-loss-of-metal-binding-due-to-mutation-d83g-of-human-sod1-protein-causing-fals-disease
#11
E Srinivasan, R Rajasekaran
Mutations in Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) protein are found to be the causative factor, behind the majority of familial amyotrophic later sclerosis (FALS) cases. The mutations particularly on the metal (Zn) binding residues are found to increase the disease onset in the individuals suffering from FALS, while the presence of the metal ion (Zn) is essential for the catalytic activity and retaining the protein stability. Thus in our study, we focused on one such metal binding mutant (D83G) and assessed the impact of the mutation on protein structure and function...
September 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884318/implications-of-fals-mutations-on-sod1-function-and-oligomerization-in-cell-models
#12
Aline A Brasil, Rayne S S Magalhães, Mariana D C De Carvalho, Isabel Paiva, Ellen Gerhardt, Marcos D Pereira, Tiago F Outeiro, Elis C A Eleutherio
Among the familial forms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS), 20% are associated with the Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Sod1). fALS is characterized by the accumulation of aggregated proteins and the increase in oxidative stress markers. Here, we used the non-invasive bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assay in human H4 cells to investigate the kinetics of aggregation and subcellular localization of Sod1 mutants. We also studied the effect of the different Sod1 mutants to respond against oxidative stress by following the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after treatment with hydrogen peroxide...
September 7, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877271/spinal-cord-homogenates-from-sod1-familial-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-induce-sod1-aggregation-in-living-cells
#13
Edward Pokrishevsky, Ran Ha Hong, Ian R Mackenzie, Neil R Cashman
Mutant Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) can confer its misfolding on wild-type SOD1 in living cells; the propagation of misfolding can also be transmitted between cells in vitro. Recent studies identified fluorescently-tagged SOD1G85R as a promiscuous substrate that is highly prone to aggregate by a variety of templates, in vitro and in vivo. Here, we utilized several SOD1-GFP reporter proteins with G37R, G85R, or G93A mutations in SOD1. We observed that human spinal cord homogenates prepared from SOD1 familial ALS (FALS) can induce significantly more intracellular reporter protein aggregation than spinal cord homogenates from sporadic ALS, Alzheimer's disease, multiple system atrophy or healthy control individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864422/als-linked-mutant-sod1-proteins-promote-a%C3%AE-aggregates-in-als-through-direct-interaction-with-a%C3%AE
#14
Ja-Young Jang, Hyungmin Cho, Hye-Yoon Park, Hyangshuk Rhim, Seongman Kang
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive degeneration of motor neurons. Aggregation of ALS-linked mutant Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is a hallmark of a subset of familial ALS (fALS). Recently, intracellular amyloid-β (Aβ) is detected in motor neurons of both sporadic and familial ALS. We have previously shown that intracellular Aβ specifically interacts with G93A, an ALS-linked SOD1 mutant. However, little is known about the pathological and biological effect of this interaction in neurons...
November 4, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832631/dna-strand-breaks-and-tdp-43-mislocation-are-absent-in-the-murine-hsod1g93a-model-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#15
Diane Penndorf, Vedrana Tadić, Otto W Witte, Julian Grosskreutz, Alexandra Kretz
Mutations in the human Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase type-1 (hSOD1) gene are common in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS). The pathophysiology has been linked to, e.g., organelle dysfunction, RNA metabolism and oxidative DNA damage conferred by SOD1 malfunction. However, apart from metabolically evoked DNA oxidation, it is unclear whether severe genotoxicity including DNA single-strand breaks (SSBs) and double-strand breaks (DSBs), originates from loss of function of nuclear SOD1 enzyme. Factors that endogenously interfere with DNA integrity and repair complexes in hSOD1-mediated fALS remain similarly unexplored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801801/nuclear-envelope-a-new-frontier-in-plant-mechanosensing
#16
REVIEW
Kateryna Fal, Atef Asnacios, Marie-Edith Chabouté, Olivier Hamant
In animals, it is now well established that forces applied at the cell surface are propagated through the cytoskeleton to the nucleus, leading to deformations of the nuclear structure and, potentially, to modification of gene expression. Consistently, altered nuclear mechanics has been related to many genetic disorders, such as muscular dystrophy, cardiomyopathy and progeria. In plants, the integration of mechanical signals in cell and developmental biology has also made great progress. Yet, while the link between cell wall stresses and cytoskeleton is consolidated, such cortical mechanical cues have not been integrated with the nucleoskeleton...
August 12, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768772/a-computational-combinatorial-approach-identifies-a-protein-inhibitor-of-superoxide-dismutase-1-misfolding-aggregation-and-cytotoxicity
#17
Victor Banerjee, Ofek Oren, Efrat Ben-Zeev, Ran Taube, Stanislav Engel, Niv Papo
Molecular agents that specifically bind and neutralize misfolded and toxic superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) mutant proteins may find application in attenuating the disease progression of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. However, high structural similarities between the wild-type and mutant SOD1 proteins limit the utility of this approach. Here we addressed this challenge by converting a promiscuous natural human IgG-binding domain, the hyperthermophilic variant of protein G (HTB1), into a highly specific aggregation inhibitor (designated HTB1M) of two familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-linked SOD1 mutants, SOD1(G93A) and SOD1(G85R) We utilized a computational algorithm for mapping protein surfaces predisposed to HTB1 intermolecular interactions to construct a focused HTB1 library, complemented with an experimental platform based on yeast surface display for affinity and specificity screening...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744320/quantification-of-tumor-vascular-permeability-and-blood-volume-by-positron-emission-tomography
#18
Haojun Chen, Xiao Tong, Lixin Lang, Orit Jacobson, Bryant C Yung, Xiangyu Yang, Ruiliang Bai, Dale O Kiesewetter, Ying Ma, Hua Wu, Gang Niu, Xiaoyuan Chen
Purpose: Evans Blue (EB) is an azo dye that binds quantitatively with serum albumin. With an albumin binding, NOTA conjugated truncated Evan's blue (NEB) dye derived PET tracer, we aimed to establish a strategy for evaluating vascular permeability in malignant tumors via non-invasive PET. Experimental design: Sixty-minute dynamic PET using [(18)F]FAl-NEB was performed in three xenograft tumor models including INS-1 rat insulinoma, UM-SCC-22B human head and neck carcinoma and U-87 MG human glioblastoma. Tumor vascular permeability was quantified by the difference of the slopes between tumor and blood time-activity curve (TACs, expressed as Ps )...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709720/burden-of-rare-variants-in-als-genes-influences-survival-in-familial-and-sporadic-als
#19
Shirley Yin-Yu Pang, Jacob Shujui Hsu, Kay-Cheong Teo, Yan Li, Michelle H W Kung, Kathryn S E Cheah, Danny Chan, Kenneth M C Cheung, Miaoxin Li, Pak-Chung Sham, Shu-Leong Ho
Genetic variants are implicated in the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), but it is unclear whether the burden of rare variants in ALS genes has an effect on survival. We performed whole genome sequencing on 8 familial ALS (FALS) patients with superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) mutation and whole exome sequencing on 46 sporadic ALS (SALS) patients living in Hong Kong and found that 67% had at least 1 rare variant in the exons of 40 ALS genes; 22% had 2 or more. Patients with 2 or more rare variants had lower probability of survival than patients with 0 or 1 variant (p = 0...
June 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680390/the-role-of-the-heat-shock-protein-b8-hspb8-in-motoneuron-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Paola Rusmini, Riccardo Cristofani, Mariarita Galbiati, Maria E Cicardi, Marco Meroni, Veronica Ferrari, Giulia Vezzoli, Barbara Tedesco, Elio Messi, Margherita Piccolella, Serena Carra, Valeria Crippa, Angelo Poletti
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) are two motoneuron diseases (MNDs) characterized by aberrant protein behavior in affected cells. In familial ALS (fALS) and in SBMA specific gene mutations lead to the production of neurotoxic proteins or peptides prone to misfold, which then accumulate in form of aggregates. Notably, some of these proteins accumulate into aggregates also in sporadic ALS (sALS) even if not mutated. To prevent proteotoxic stresses detrimental to cells, misfolded and/or aggregated proteins must be rapidly removed by the protein quality control (PQC) system...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
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