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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677364/long-anterior-lens-zonules-and-intraocular-pressure
#1
Daniel K Roberts, Tricia L Newman, Mary Flynn Roberts, Bruce A Teitelbaum, Janis E Winters
Purpose: To investigate the relation between intraocular pressure (IOP) and the idiopathic long anterior zonule (LAZ) trait. Methods: Patients presenting for primary eye care were examined for LAZ, identified as radially oriented zonular fibers with central extension >1.0 mm beyond the normal anterior lens insertion zone (estimated via slit lamp beam length). Ocular, systemic health, and lifestyle data were collected via comprehensive exam and questionnaire. Multivariate regression was used to assess the relationship between IOP (Goldmann) and LAZ...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677318/strength-of-continuous-flash-suppression-is-optimal-when-target-and-masker-modulation-rates-are-matched
#2
Shui'Er Han, David Alais
Continuous flash suppression (CFS) is a popular technique whereby a dynamic sequence of Mondrian patterns is presented to one eye in order to suppress a static target presented to the other eye. Although the effectiveness of CFS is generally assumed to increase with the flicker rate of the Mondrian masker, a recent study has shown that suppression is optimal at very low masker rates for sustained targets, but higher rates may be necessary for transient targets. Here we vary the modulation rates of the masker and target using temporally filtered dynamic noise, which allowed us to examine the relationship between target and masker frequency and its effect on suppression strength...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672190/recovery-of-a-disinserted-medial-rectus-muscle-after-pterygium-surgery
#3
Prapatsorn Patikulsila, Atitaya Apivatthakakul, Kasem Seresirikachorn
PURPOSE: To report a case of recovery of a medial rectus which was accidentally disinserted after surgical treatment of a recurrent pterygium. METHOD: Report of a case of inadvertent medial rectus disinsertion after pterygium excision at a secondary care hospital which was referred to a tertiary care hospital in Northern Thailand. RESULT: A 40-year-old healthy woman was referred by a general ophthalmologist at a secondary care center to our hospital...
April 19, 2018: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667726/interventions-for-infantile-haemangiomas-of-the-skin
#4
REVIEW
Monica Novoa, Eulalia Baselga, Sandra Beltran, Lucia Giraldo, Ali Shahbaz, Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Infantile haemangiomas (previously known as strawberry birthmarks) are soft, raised swellings of the skin that occur in 3% to 10% of infants. These benign vascular tumours are usually uncomplicated and tend to regress spontaneously. However, when haemangiomas occur in high-risk areas, such as near the eyes, throat, or nose, impairing their function, or when complications develop, intervention may be necessary. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2011...
April 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665791/a-cost-effectiveness-study-of-ict-training-among-the-visually-impaired-in-the-netherlands
#5
Nathalie J S Patty, Marc Koopmanschap, Kim Holtzer-Goor
BACKGROUND: Due to the ageing population, the number of visually impaired people in the Netherlands will increase. To ensure the future availability of services in rehabilitative eye care, we aim to assess the cost-effectiveness of information and communication technology (ICT) training among visually impaired adults from a societal perspective, using primary data from two large rehabilitative eye care providers in the Netherlands. METHODS: Participants were asked to fill in a questionnaire, which used six different instruments at three different time points: pre training, post training and three months post training...
April 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664893/occupational-exposure-during-emergency-department-thoracotomy-a-prospective-multi-institution-study
#6
Andrew Nunn, Priya Prakash, Kenji Inaba, Alvarez Escalante, Zoë Maher, Seiji Yamaguchi, Dennis Y Kim, James Maciel, William C Chiu, Byron Drumheller, Joshua P Hazelton, Kaushik Mukherjee, Xian Luo-Owen, Rachel M Nygaard, Ashley P Marek, Bryan C Morse, Caitlin A Fitzgerald, Patrick L Bosarge, Randeep S Jawa, Susan E Rowell, Louis J Magnotti, Adrian W Ong, Tejal S Brahmbhatt, Michael D Grossman, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure is an important consideration during emergency department thoracotomy (EDT). While HIV/hepatitis prevalence in trauma patients (0-16.8%) and occupational exposure rates during operative trauma procedures (1.9-18.0%) have been reported, exposure risk during EDT is unknown. We hypothesized that occupational exposure risk during EDT would be greater than other operative trauma procedures. METHODS: A prospective, observational study at 16 US trauma centers was performed (2015-2016)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661044/dmek-versus-dsaek-for-fuchs-endothelial-dystrophy-a-meta-analysis
#7
Raquel Esteves Marques, Paulo Silva Guerra, David Cordeiro Sousa, Ana Inês Gonçalves, Ana Miguel Quintas, Walter Rodrigues
PURPOSE: To compare the safety and efficacy profiles of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in adult patients with Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy. METHODS: Electronic database search on MEDLINE and CENTRAL from inception to August 2017. We included all comparative studies of DMEK versus DSAEK in patients with diagnosed Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy. Studies assessing rescue procedures were excluded to minimize bias...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659106/individual-treatment-selection-for-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#8
Anne-Katharina Deisenhofer, Jaime Delgadillo, Julian A Rubel, Jan R Böhnke, Dirk Zimmermann, Brian Schwartz, Wolfgang Lutz
BACKGROUND: Trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (Tf-CBT) and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) are two highly effective treatment options for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet, on an individual level, PTSD patients vary substantially in treatment response. The aim of the paper is to test the application of a treatment selection method based on a personalized advantage index (PAI). METHOD: The study used clinical data for patients accessing treatment for PTSD in a primary care mental health service in the north of England...
April 16, 2018: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653018/brain-complications-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-cross-sectional-study-of-awareness-among-individuals-with-diabetes-and-the-general-population-in-ireland
#9
C Dolan, R Glynn, S Griffin, C Conroy, C Loftus, P C Wiehe, M L Healy, B Lawlor
AIMS: To identify awareness of potential brain complications of diabetes among individuals with diabetes and the public. METHODS: For this observational, cross-sectional survey study, we recruited consecutive adult attendees of a specialist diabetes clinic and two primary care practices. Primary care attendees represented members of the general population of Ireland. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to gather data on respondents' awareness of brain complications of diabetes and modifiable risk factors for dementia...
April 13, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650746/comprehensive-preventive-care-assessments-for-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-part-1-how-do-we-know-if-it-is-happening
#10
Glenys Smith, Hélène Ouellette-Kuntz, Michael Green
OBJECTIVE: To determine how best to measure the provision of comprehensive preventive care assessment of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with IDD between 40 and 64 years of age in 2013 and 2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Health examination was defined using the Ontario Health Insurance Plan billing data fee code A003 (with diagnostic code 917 or 319) or fee code K131, and the Primary Care Quality Composite Score (PCQS), a measure combining 7 different screening maneuvers (lipid, glucose, breast cancer, cervical cancer, colorectal cancer, eye, and hemoglobin A1c screening), was identified using administrative health data...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627243/effect-of-milk-centrifugation-and-incorporation-of-high-heat-treated-centrifugate-on-the-composition-texture-and-ripening-characteristics-of-maasdam-cheese
#11
Prabin Lamichhane, Alan L Kelly, Jeremiah J Sheehan
This study investigated the effect of centrifugation (9,000 × g, 50°C, flow rate = 1,000 L/h), as well as the incorporation of high-heat-treated (HHT) centrifugate into cheese milk on the composition, texture, and ripening characteristics of Maasdam cheese. Neither centrifugation nor incorporation of HHT centrifugate into cheese milk had a pronounced effect on the compositional parameters of any experimental cheeses, except for moisture and moisture in nonfat substance (MNFS) levels. Incorporation of HHT centrifugate at a rate of 6 to 10% of the total milk weight into centrifuged milk increased the level of denatured whey protein in the cheese milk and also increased the level of MNFS in the resultant cheese compared with cheeses made from centrifuged milk and control cheeses; moreover, cheese made from centrifuged milk had ∼3% higher moisture content on average than control cheeses...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621365/association-of-hypovitaminosis-d-with-increased-risk-of-uveitis-in-a-large-health-care-claims-database
#12
Lucia Sobrin, Lynn K Stanwyck, Wei Pan, Rebecca A Hubbard, John H Kempen, Brian L VanderBeek
Importance: Understanding the role of vitamin D-which regulates inflammatory responses-in noninfectious uveitis (an inflammatory disease) may provide insight into treatment and prevention of this disease. Objective: To investigate whether there is an association between hypovitaminosis D and incident noninfectious uveitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a retrospective case-control study, data from a health care claims database containing deidentified medical claims from a large private insurer were used to identify 558 adults enrolled from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2016, who received a diagnosis of noninfectious uveitis from an eye care clinician (with receipt of a confirmatory diagnosis within 120 days of the initial diagnosis) and who had a vitamin D level measured within 1 year before the first diagnosis...
April 5, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619207/awareness-of-diabetic-retinopathy-among-people-with-diabetes-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#13
Sami H Alzahrani, Marwan A Bakarman, Saleh M Alqahtani, Maha S Alqahtani, Nadeem Shafique Butt, Emad M Salawati, Ahmad Alkatheri, Ahmad Azam Malik, Khaled Saad
Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and the foremost cause of blindness. This study aimed to assess the level of awareness of DR and its related risk factors among patients with DM in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with DM attending primary health care centers at the Ministry of Health in Jeddah. A structured, pretested, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on the sociodemographic and DM- and DR-related characteristics of the patients...
April 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609478/visual-outcomes-of-pediatric-traumatic-cataracts
#14
Jitender Jinagal, Gaurav Gupta, Parul C Gupta, Sonam Yangzes, Rishiraj Singh, Rohit Gupta, Jagat Ram
INTRODUCTION: To report visual outcomes and risk factors of pediatric traumatic cataracts in a tertiary care referral center in northern India. METHODS: We analyzed medical records of traumatic cataracts in the pediatric age group (1-15 years) operated for cataract surgery with or without posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation with or without primary posterior capsulotomy with anterior vitrectomy between 2004 and 2012. Causative agents, types of trauma, demographic factors, surgical interventions, complications, and visual acuity were recorded and compared among different groups...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592801/standardised-alcohol-screening-in-primary-health-care-services-targeting-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-peoples-in-australia
#15
REVIEW
M Mofizul Islam, Helen T Oni, K S Kylie Lee, Noel Hayman, Scott Wilson, Kristie Harrison, Beth Hummerston, Rowena Ivers, Katherine M Conigrave
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHSs) around Australia have been asked to standardise screening for unhealthy drinking. Accordingly, screening with the 3-item AUDIT-C (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-Consumption) tool has become a national key performance indicator. Here we provide an overview of suitability of AUDIT-C and other brief alcohol screening tools for use in ACCHSs. METHODS: All peer-reviewed literature providing original data on validity, acceptability or feasibility of alcohol screening tools among Indigenous Australians was reviewed...
March 29, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592533/istent-inject-as-a-reasonable-alternative-procedure-following-failed-trabeculectomy
#16
Anja-Maria Davids, Milena Pahlitzsch, Alexander Boeker, Necip Torun, Eckart Bertelmann, Anna-Karina Maier-Wenzel, Annette Hager, Johannes Gonnermann, Matthias Klamann
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to assess the intraocular pressure lowering effect and the performance of the glaucoma therapy of the iStent inject in glaucoma patients with uncontrolled intraocular pressure after failed trabeculectomy. METHODS: In this retrospective study, iStent inject implantation (Glaukos Corporation, Laguna Hills, CA, USA) was performed in 22 eyes of 21 subjects suffering from glaucoma (n = 18 primary open angle glaucoma, n = 3 pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, and n = 1 for secondary glaucoma) with an intraocular pressure above target pressure after failed trabeculectomy (mean = 9...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550189/long-term-functional-and-anatomical-outcomes-of-repeat-graft-after-optically-failed-therapeutic-keratoplasty
#17
Dubbaka Srujana, Manpreet Kaur, Jayanand Urkude, Anubha Rathi, Namrata Sharma, Jeewan S Titiyal
PURPOSE: To evaluate the functional and anatomical outcomes of repeat penetrating keratoplasty (PK) in optically failed therapeutic grafts. DESIGN: Prospective interventional case series METHODS: All cases admitted at the apex tertiary care centre for repeat keratoplasty following optically failed therapeutic PK were enrolled over a period of one year. Repeat optical PK was performed in all eyes. Primary outcome measures were postoperative graft clarity and visual acuity...
March 14, 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547735/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-its-association-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-the-coimbra-eye-study-report-4
#18
Sandrina Nunes, Dalila Alves, Patrícia Barreto, Miguel Raimundo, Maria da Luz Cachulo, Cláudia Farinha, Inês Laíns, João Rodrigues, Carlos Almeida, Luísa Ribeiro, João Figueira, Lelita Santos, Rufino Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize the association of lifestyle and nutritional risk profiles with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in two subpopulations with differing AMD prevalence. METHODS: This case-control study (n = 1992) included 768 patients with AMD and 1224 age- and sex-matched participants without AMD with a single visit at a primary health care unit. Enrolled participants completed a validated lifestyle and food frequency questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543949/rehabilitation-referral-for-patients-with-irreversible-vision-impairment-seen-in-a-public-safety-net-eye-clinic
#19
M Austin Coker, Carrie E Huisingh, Gerald McGwin, Russell W Read, Mark W Swanson, Laura E Dreer, Dawn K DeCarlo, Lindsay Gregg, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: The prevalence of irreversible vision impairment in the United States is expected to increase by 2050. Vision rehabilitation is the primary treatment option. Clinical trials have established its efficacy in improving quality of life. Yet studies indicate that patients experience many barriers to accessing low-vision care. Objectives: To examine the rate of referral for low-vision rehabilitation services by resident and attending ophthalmologists for adults with irreversible vision impairment and to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of patients about vision rehabilitation...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527297/incorporating-health-workers-perspectives-into-a-who-guideline-on-personal-protective-equipment-developed-during-an-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak
#20
Saskia Den Boon, Constanza Vallenas, Mauricio Ferri, Susan L Norris
Background: Ebola virus disease (EVD) health facility transmission can result in infection and death of health workers. The World Health Organization (WHO) supports countries in preparing for and responding to public health emergencies, which often require developing new guidance in short timelines with scarce evidence. The objective of this study was to understand frontline physicians' and nurses' perspectives about personal protective equipment (PPE) use during the 2014-2016 EVD outbreak in West Africa and to incorporate these findings into the development process of a WHO rapid advice guideline...
2018: F1000Research
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