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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884701/palliative-care-in-africa-a-scoping-review-from-2005-16
#1
REVIEW
John Y Rhee, Eduardo Garralda, Carlos Torrado, Santiago Blanco, Ibone Ayala, Eve Namisango, Emmanuel Luyirika, Liliana de Lima, Richard A Powell, Carlos Centeno
Since the last comprehensive review on the development of national palliative care in Africa was undertaken 12 years ago, in 2005, we did a scoping review of peer-reviewed, published articles on palliative care development between 2005-16 for each African country. The scoping review was conducted by assessing the medical literature and including local expert recommendations of suggested articles. We did a basic quality assessment of the articles using the journals' impact factor, journal quartile, and the number of citations as suitable metrics for quality consideration...
September 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856680/public-patient-and-carers-views-on-palliative-and-end-of-life-care-in-india
#2
REVIEW
M Ramasamy Venkatasalu, N Sirala Jagadeesh, S Elavally, Y Pappas, F Mhlanga, R Pallipalayam Varatharajan
AIM: To systematically review the existing evidence on the Indian public, patient and carers' perspectives on palliative and end-of-life care. BACKGROUND: With a growing population of terminally ill people across the world, there is also an increasing awareness among international health policy makers of the need to improve the quality of life for terminally ill patients. Understanding service users' (patients, family and public) perspectives is crucial in developing and sustaining successful community-centred palliative nursing policies and service models especially in countries like India with diverse population...
August 30, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806221/admission-to-intensive-care-for-palliative-care-or-potential-organ-donation-demographics-circumstances-outcomes-and-resource-use
#3
Andrew Melville, Gali Kolt, David Anderson, Joanna Mitropoulos, David Pilcher
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics, circumstances, change over time, resource use, and outcomes of patients admitted to ICUs in Australia and New Zealand for the purposes of "palliative care of a dying patient" or "potential organ donation," and compare with actively managed ICU patients. DESIGN: A retrospective study of data from the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database and a nested cohort analysis of a single center...
October 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803089/temporary-removal-the-international-palliative-care-initiative
#4
Mary V Callaway, Kathleen M Foley
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
August 10, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792780/an-update-nih-research-funding-for-palliative-medicine-2011-2015
#5
Elizabeth Brown, R Sean Morrison, Laura P Gelfman
BACKGROUND: The evidence base to support palliative care clinical practice is inadequate and opportunities to improve the palliative care evidence base remain despite the field's rapid growth. OBJECTIVE: To examine current NIH funding of palliative medicine research, changes since our 2013 report, and trends since our 2008 report. DESIGN: We sought to identify NIH funding of palliative medicine from 2011 to 2015 in two stages: (I) we searched the NIH grants database "RePorter" for grants with key words "palliative care," "end-of-life care," "hospice," and "end of life" and (II) we identified palliative care researchers likely to have secured NIH funding using three strategies...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782701/a-systematic-review-of-end-of-life-care-communication-skills-training-for-generalist-palliative-care-providers-research-quality-and-reporting-guidance
#6
REVIEW
Lisa Jane Brighton, Jonathan Koffman, Amy Hawkins, Christine McDonald, Suzanne O'Brien, Vicky Robinson, Shaheen A Khan, Rob George, Irene J Higginson, Lucy Ellen Selman
CONTEXT: End of life care (EoLC) communication skills training for generalist palliative care providers is recommended in policy guidance globally. Whilst many training programmes now exist, there has been no comprehensive evidence synthesis to inform future training delivery and evaluation. OBJECTIVES: To identify and appraise how EoLC communication skills training interventions for generalist palliative care providers are developed, delivered, evaluated, and reported...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716797/a-pragmatic-phase-iii-multisite-double-blind-placebo-controlled-parallel-arm-dose-increment-randomised-trial-of-regular-low-dose-extended-release-morphine-for-chronic-breathlessness-breathlessness-exertion-and-morphine-sulfate-beams-study-protocol
#7
David Currow, Gareth John Watts, Miriam Johnson, Christine F McDonald, John O Miners, Andrew A Somogyi, Linda Denehy, Nicola McCaffrey, Danny J Eckert, Philip McCloud, Sandra Louw, Lawrence Lam, Aine Greene, Belinda Fazekas, Katherine C Clark, Kwun Fong, Meera R Agar, Rohit Joshi, Sharon Kilbreath, Diana Ferreira, Magnus Ekström
INTRODUCTION: Chronic breathlessness is highly prevalent and distressing to patients and families. No medication is registered for its symptomatic reduction. The strongest evidence is for regular, low-dose, extended- release (ER) oral morphine. A recent large phase III study suggests the subgroup most likely to benefit have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and modified Medical Research Council breathlessness scores of 3 or 4. This protocol is for an adequately powered, parallel-arm, placebo-controlled, multisite, factorial, block-randomised study evaluating regular ER morphine for chronic breathlessness in people with COPD...
July 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706092/development-of-an-intervention-to-support-patients-and-clinicians-with-advanced-lung-cancer-when-considering-systematic-anticancer-therapy-protocol-for-the-pact-study
#8
Despina Anagnostou, Stephanie Sivell, Simon Noble, Jason Lester, Anthony Byrne, Catherine Sampson, Mirella Longo, Annmarie Nelson
INTRODUCTION: Patient-centred care is essential to the delivery of healthcare; however, this necessitates direct patient involvement in clinical decision-making and can be challenging for patients diagnosed with advanced non-small cell lung cancer where there may be misunderstanding of the extent of disease, prognosis and aims of treatment. In this context, decisions are complex and there is a need to balance the risks and benefits, including treatment with palliative intent. The aim of the PACT study is to identify the information and decision support needs of patients, leading to the development of an intervention to support patients with advanced lung cancer when considering treatment options...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654666/correction-an-instrument-to-measure-nurses-knowledge-in-palliative-care-validation-of-the-spanish-version-of-palliative-care-quiz-for-nurses
#9
Elena Chover-Sierra, Antonio Martínez-Sabater, Yolanda Raquel Lapeña-Moñux
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0177000.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652103/pc-facs
#10
Mellar P Davis
PC-FACS (Fast Article Critical Summaries for Clinicians in Palliative Care) provides hospice and palliative care clinicians with concise summaries of the most important findings from more than 100 medical and scientific journals. If you have colleagues who would benefit from receiving PC-FACS, please encourage them to join the AAHPM at aahpm.org. Comments from readers are welcomed at pc-facs@aahpm.org.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#11
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644748/paediatric-palliative-medicine-2nd-ed
#12
Roger Woodruff
Editor's Note The journal is delighted to continue a collaboration with the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) in publication of book reviews relevant to symptom control in advanced disease. These reviews are adapted from the work of Roger Woodruff, MD, FRACP, FAChPM, an internationally recognized oncologist and palliative care specialist physician from Australia. Dr. Woodruff's reviews appear concurrently or did so previously in the IAHPC Newsletter, which is accessible through the IAHPC Web site: http://hospicecare...
June 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644746/conversations-on-dying-a-palliative-care-pioneer-faces-his-own-death
#13
Roger Woodruff
Editor's Note The journal is delighted to continue a collaboration with the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) in publication of book reviews relevant to symptom control in advanced disease. These reviews are adapted from the work of Roger Woodruff, MD, FRACP, FAChPM, an internationally recognized oncologist and palliative care specialist physician from Australia. Dr. Woodruff's reviews appear concurrently or did so previously in the IAHPC Newsletter, which is accessible through the IAHPC Web site: http://hospicecare...
June 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604224/arts-based-palliative-care-training-education-and-staff-development-a-scoping-review
#14
Benjamin Mark Turton, Sion Williams, Christopher R Burton, Lynne Williams
BACKGROUND: The experience of art offers an emerging field in healthcare staff development, much of which is appropriate to the practice of palliative care. The workings of aesthetic learning interventions such as interactive theatre in relation to palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes are widely uncharted. AIM: To investigate the use of aesthetic learning interventions used in palliative and end-of-life care staff development programmes. DESIGN: Scoping review...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585240/agency-social-and-healthcare-supports-for-adults-with-intellectual-disability-at-the-end-of-life-in-out-of-home-non-institutional-community-residences-in-western-nations-a-literature-review
#15
Teresa T Moro, Teresa A Savage, Sarah Gehlert
BACKGROUND: The nature and quality of end-of-life care received by adults with intellectual disabilities in out-of-home, non-institutional community agency residences in Western nations is not well understood. METHOD: A range of databases and search engines were used to locate conceptual, clinical and research articles from relevant peer-reviewed journals. RESULTS: The present authors present a literature review of the agency, social and healthcare supports that impact end-of-life care for adults with intellectual disabilities...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574529/prospective-cohort-study-of-hospitalized-adults-with-advanced-cancer-associations-between-complications-comorbidity-and-utilization
#16
Peter May, Melissa M Garrido, Melissa D Aldridge, J Brian Cassel, Amy S Kelley, Diane E Meier, Charles Normand, Joan D Penrod, Thomas J Smith, R Sean Morrison
BACKGROUND: Inpatient hospital stays account for more than a third of direct medical cancer care costs. Evidence on factors driving these costs can inform planning of services, as well as consideration of equity in access. OBJECTIVE: To measure the association between hospital costs, and demographic, clinical, and system factors, for a cohort of adults with advanced cancer. DESIGN: Prospective multisite cohort study. SETTING: Four medical and cancer centers...
June 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532739/quality-of-missing-data-reporting-and-handling-in-palliative-care-trials-demonstrates-that-further-development-of-the-consort-statement-is-required-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Jamilla A Hussain, Martin Bland, Dean Langan, Miriam J Johnson, David C Currow, Ian R White
OBJECTIVES: Assess (i) the quality of reporting and handling of missing data (MD) in palliative care trials, (ii) whether there are differences in the reporting of criteria specified by the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) 2010 statement compared with those not specified, and (iii) the association of the reporting of MD with journal impact factor and CONSORT endorsement status. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Systematic review of palliative care randomized controlled trials...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532723/self-reported-frequency-of-nurse-provided-spiritual-care
#18
Elizabeth Johnston Taylor, Iris Mamier, Patricia Ricci-Allegra, Joanne Foith
AIM: To describe how frequently RNs provide 17 spiritual care therapeutics (or interventions) during a 72-80h timeframe. BACKGROUND: Plagued by conceptual muddiness as well as weak methods, research quantifying the frequency of spiritual care is not only methodologically limited, but also sparse. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from four studies that used the Nurse Spiritual Care Therapeutics Scale (NSCTS). Data from US American RNs who responded to online surveys about spiritual care were analyzed...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458185/the-experiences-of-undergraduate-nursing-students-and-self-reflective-accounts-of-first-clinical-rotation-in-pediatric-oncology
#19
Jila Mirlashari, Fay Warnock, Jahanfar Jahanbani
The clinical practicum is one of the most anticipated components of the nursing program for nursing students. However, the practicum can be anxiety producing for students, especially when it is their first placement in an emotional demanding setting like pediatric oncology unit. Taking care of children with cancer and who are facing the death trajectory is complex and demanding not only for students but also for the experienced nurse. In this qualitative research, the purpose was to explore senior student perceptions and self-reflective accounts of what it was like to care for children with cancer and their family throughout the course of their first practicum on a pediatric oncology unit that also provided children palliative care as needed...
July 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399110/towards-better-dose-individualisation-metabolic-phenotyping-to-predict-cabazitaxel-pharmacokinetics-in-men-with-prostate-cancer
#20
A Janssen, C P M Verkleij, A van der Vlist, R H J Mathijssen, H J Bloemendal, R Ter Heine
BACKGROUND: Cabazitaxel is approved for treatment of castration-resistant metastatic prostate cancer. The current dosing strategy of cabazitaxel is based on body surface area (BSA). Body surface area is known as a poor predictor for total systemic exposure to drugs, since it does not take into account variability in activity of metabolising enzymes, necessary for clearance of drugs. As exposure to cabazitaxel is related to treatment response, it is essential to develop a better individualised dosing strategy...
May 9, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
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