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Viability assessment transplantation

Na Kyung Lee, Hyeong Seop Kim, Dongkyeom Yoo, Jung Won Hwang, Soo Jin Choi, Wonil Oh, Jong Wook Chang, Duk L Na
The success of stem cell therapy is highly dependent on accurate delivery of stem cells to the target site of interest. Possible ways to track the distribution of MSCs in vivo include the use of reporter genes or nanoparticles. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved ferumoxytol (Feraheme® [USA], Rienso® [UK]) as a treatment for iron deficiency anemia. Ferumoxytol is an ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (USPIO) that has recently been used to track the fate of transplanted cells using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
October 18, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
Christoph Priesner, Ruth Esser, Sabine Tischer, Michael Marburger, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Britta Maecker-Kolhoff, Hans-Gert Heuft, Lilia Goudeva, Rainer Blasczyk, Lubomir Arseniev, Ulrike Köhl, Britta Eiz-Vesper, Stephan Klöß
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The infusion of enriched CMV-specific donor T-cells appears to be a suitable alternative for the treatment of drug-resistant CMV reactivation or de novo infection after both solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Antiviral lymphocytes can be selected from apheresis products using the CliniMACS Cytokine-Capture-System(®) either with the well-established CliniMACS(®) Plus (Plus) device or with its more versatile successor CliniMACS Prodigy(®) (Prodigy)...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Yu-Hui Yan, Shao-Heng Li, Hong-Yan Li, Ying Lin, Jing-Xian Yang
In recent years, neural stem cell (NSC) transplantation has been widely explored as a treatment for neurodegenerative diseases. NSCs are special cells that have some capacity for self-renewal and the potential to differentiate into multiple cell types. However, the inflammatory environment of diseased tissue is not conducive to the survival of transplanted cells. Osthole (Ost) is a principal bioactive component of Fructus Cnidii, Radix Angelicae Pubescentis and other traditional Chinese medicines. Ost has a wide range of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammation, immunomodulation, and neuroprotection...
October 12, 2016: Neurochemical Research
Dieter P Hoyer, Thomas Minor
BACKGROUND: The high demand for livers for transplantation has led to organs of limited quality being accepted to expand the donor pool. This is associated with inferior outcomes due to more pronounced preservation injury. Accordingly, recent research has aimed to develop preservation modalities for improved preservation as well as strategies for liver viability assessment and liver reconditioning. METHODS: The PubMed database was searched using the terms 'perfusion', 'liver', 'preservation', and 'reconditioning' in various combinations, and the according literature was reviewed...
August 2016: Visc Med
Eisuke Fujimoto, Shuichiro Yamanaka, Sho Kurihara, Susumu Tajiri, Luna Izuhara, Yuichi Katsuoka, Shinya Yokote, Kei Matsumoto, Eiji Kobayashi, Hirotaka James Okano, Tatsuya Chikaraishi, Takashi Yokoo
BACKGROUND: Rapid advancements have been made in alternative treatments for renal diseases. Our goal for renal regeneration is to establish a kidney graft derived from human embryonic tissues. In this study, we investigated the effects of host renal failure on the structure and activity of transplanted embryonic kidney and bladder, and found that diuretics effectively induced urine production in the transplanted kidney. METHODS: Uremic conditions were reproduced using a 5/6 renal infarction rat model...
September 30, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Zigong Shao, Baoping Jiao, Tingting Liu, Ying Cheng, Hao Liu, Yongfeng Liu
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to test the effects of TAK-242 on liver transplant viability in a model of swine Maastricht-category-III cardiac death. METHODS: A swine DCD Maastricht-III model of cardiac death was established, and TAK-242 was administered prior to the induction of cardiac death. The protein and mRNA level of TLR4 signaling pathway molecules and cytokines that are important in mediating immune and inflammatory responses were assessed at different time points following the induction of cardiac death...
September 26, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Christina Hafner, Jing Wu, Akos Tiboldi, Moritz Hess, Goran Mitulovic, Christoph Kaun, Konstantin Alexander Krychtiuk, Johann Wojta, Roman Ullrich, Eva Verena Tretter, Klaus Markstaller, Klaus Ulrich Klein
Supplemental oxygen (O2) is used as adjunct therapy in anesthesia, emergency and intensive care medicine. We hypothesized that excessive O2 levels (hyperoxia) can directly injure human adult cardiac myocytes (HACMs). HACMs obtained from the explanted hearts of transplantation patients were exposed to constant hyperoxia (95% O2), intermittent hyperoxia (alternating 10 min exposures to 5% and 95% O2), constant normoxia (21% O2), or constant mild hypoxia (5% O2) using a bioreactor. Changes in cell morphology, viability as assessed by lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and trypan blue (TB) staining, and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and various pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin, IL; chemokine C-X-C motif ligand, CXC; granulocyte-colony stimulating factor, G-CSF; intercellular adhesion molecule, ICAM; chemokine C-C motif ligand, CCL) were compared among treatment groups at baseline (0 h) and after 8 h, 24 h, and 72 h of treatment...
September 19, 2016: Shock
Leslie A Garrett, Whitfield B Growdon, Bo R Rueda, Rosemary Foster
BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical studies have demonstrated that natural and synthetic histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors can impede the in vitro and in vivo growth of cell lines from a variety of gynecologic and other malignancies. We investigated the anti-tumor activity of panobinostat (LBH589) both in vitro and in vivo as either a single agent or in combination with conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy using patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models of primary serous ovarian tumors. METHODS: The ovarian cancer cell lines OVCAR8, SKOV3 and their paclitaxel-resistant derivatives OVCAR8-TR and SKOV3-TR were treated with increasing doses of LBH589...
2016: Journal of Ovarian Research
Elena Albiero, Eliana Amati, Elke Baumeister, Hermann Einsele, Götz U Grigoleit, Francesco Rodeghiero
Characterization of human cytomegalovirus-specific T cells (CMV-T) is of critical importance for their potential use in adoptive immunotherapy after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Background frequencies of CMV-T in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of CMV-seropositive healthy subjects are usually very low, hence the requirement for prolonged culture time and multiple stimulations to expand them. The evaluation of the end-culture specificity and composition has sometimes been neglected or difficult to assess in these settings...
November 2016: Journal of Immunotherapy
Vijayaganapathy Vaithilingam, Mandy M W Yim, Jayne L Foster, Timothy Stait-Gardner, Jose Oberholzer, Bernard E Tuch
Microencapsulated islets are usually injected free-floating into the peritoneal cavity, so the position of the grafts remains elusive after transplantation. This study aims to assess magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a noninvasive means to track microencapsulated insulin producing cells following transplantation. Encapsulated insulin producing cells (MIN6 and human islets) were labelled with magnetic microspheres (MM), assessed for viability and insulin secretion, and imaged in vitro using a clinical grade 3 T MRI and in vivo using both clinical grade 3 T and research grade 11...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Saumya Tiwari, Jai Raman, Vijaya Reddy, Andrew Ghetler, Richard P Tella, Yang Han, Christopher R Moon, Charles D Hoke, Rohit Bhargava
Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopic imaging has been widely tested as a tool for stainless digital histology of biomedical specimens, including for the identification of infiltration and fibrosis in endomyocardial biopsy samples to assess transplant rejection. A major barrier in clinical translation has been the slow speed of imaging. To address this need, we tested and report here the viability of using high speed discrete frequency infrared (DFIR) imaging to obtain stain-free biochemical imaging in cardiovascular samples collected from patients...
October 18, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Farzaneh Chehelcheraghi, Hossein Eimani, Seyed Homayoonsadraie, Giti Torkaman, Abdollah Amini, Hamid Alavi Majd, Hashem Shemshadi
BACKGROUND: The necrotic skin flap represents a great challenge in plastic and reconstructive surgery. In this study, we evaluated the effect of bioscaffolds, acellular amniotic membranes (AAMs), and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) on random skin flap (RSF) survival in rats by applying a cell-free extracellular matrix scaffold as a supportive component for the growth and proliferation of BM-MSCs on RSFs. AAM matrix scaffolds were created by incubating AMs in ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid 0...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Yi Li, Yujia Wang, Qiong Wu, Li Li, Yujun Shi, Hong Bu, Ji Bao
Successful porcine hepatocyte isolation is crucial for the development of bioartificial liver devices and hepatocyte transplantation. Serva collagenase NB grades are formulated collagenases that are suitable for various tissue isolation applications. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) can improve the viability of human hepatocytes. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two collagenases and effect of NAC on hepatocyte isolation from porcine liver tissue. Porcine hepatocytes were isolated using the perfusion method from Bama mini pigs assigned to the Serva NB 4 group (n=6), the Serva NB 8 group (n=6), or the NB 8+NAC group (n=6)...
September 2016: Xenotransplantation
Yong Chan Bae, Chi Won Choi, Kyeong Wook Nam, Ji Sun Song, Jae Woo Lee
Autogenous microfat grafting is widely used to augment depressed deformities or for other cosmetic purposes. Since the microfat survival rate is unpredictable due to absorption and calcification, previously cryopreserved fat is widely used for secondary procedures. Sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) is a lysophospholipid, which has a role in several cellular responses, and is known to stimulate DNA synthesis and proliferation. Since endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are known to enhance the survival rate of transplanted fat tissue, the present study assessed the effects of SPC on EPCs, in order to verify its positive effects on proliferation...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shogo Shimada, Pedro J Del Nido, Ingeborg Friehs
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Rodent adult-to-adult heterotopic heart transplantation is a well-established animal model, and the detailed surgical technique with several modifications has been previously described. In immature donor organ transplantation, however, the surgical technique needs to be revised given the smaller size and fragility of the donor graft. Here, we report our surgical technique for heterotopic abdominal (AHTx) and femoral (FHTx) neonatal rat heart transplantation based on an experience of over 300 cases...
August 20, 2016: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
Wichaya Sriuttha, Nantawat Uttamo, Apisek Kongkaew, Jongkolnee Settakorn, Suchanan Rattanasalee, Prachya Kongtawelert, Dumnoensun Pruksakorn, Peraphan Pothacharoen
Due to the inconvenient and invasive nature of chondrocyte transplantation, preserved cartilage has been recognized as an alternative source of chondrocytes for implantation. However, there are major concerns, in particular, the viability and quality of the chondrocytes. This study investigated the biochemistry and molecular characterization of chondrocytes isolated from preserved cartilage for purposes of transplantation. Ex vivo characterization was accomplished by storing human cartilage at either 4 or -80 °C in a preservation medium...
August 13, 2016: Cell and Tissue Banking
A Langlois, S Dal, K Vivot, C Mura, E Seyfritz, W Bietiger, C Dollinger, C Peronet, E Maillard, M Pinget, N Jeandidier, S Sigrist
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Liraglutide improves the metabolic control of diabetic animals after islet transplantation. However, the mechanisms underlying this effect remain unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties of liraglutide on rat pancreatic islets in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: In vitro, rat islets were incubated with 10 µmol/L liraglutide for 12 and 24 h. Islet viability functionality was assessed...
August 12, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Xiaojing Lin, Tingbao Zhao, Melissa Walker, Aishi Ding, Shide Lin, Yongcheng Cao, Jinfeng Zheng, Xiaohong Liu, Ming Geng, Xiao-Ming Xu, Shaojun Liu
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a significant clinical challenge and, to date, no effective treatment is available. Oligodendrocyte progenitor cell (OPC) transplantation has been a promising strategy for SCI repair. However, the poor post-transplantation survival and deficiency in differentiation into myelinating oligodendrocytes (OLs) are two major challenges that limit the use of OPCs as donor cells. Here we report the generation of an OL lineage population, i.e. pro-oligodendroblast (proOL) that is relatively more mature than OPC, for transplantation after SCI...
August 1, 2016: Cell Transplantation
A Kubiak, P Matuszak, E Bembnista, M Kozlowska-Skrzypczak
BACKGROUND: Banking of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is a rapidly growing part of the transplant field. The essence of the banking process is to maintain the optimal quality parameters throughout the storage period, allowing successful transplantation. METHODS: Our laboratory research was carried out on 126 HSC samples that were collected by means of leukapheresis from patients with lymphoproliferative diseases. The samples were frozen in a controlled rate and stored up to 76 months in containers in vapor phase of liquid nitrogen...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Mona D Doshi, Peter P Reese, Isaac E Hall, Bernd Schröppel, Joseph Ficek, Richard N Formica, Francis L Weng, Rick D Hazs, Heather Thiessen Philbrook, Chirag Parikh
BACKGROUND: Kidneys with "high" kidney donor profile index (KDPI) are often biopsied and pumped, yet frequently discarded. METHODS: In this multicenter study, we describe the characteristics and outcomes of kidneys with KDPI ≥80 that were procured from 338 deceased donors. We excluded donors with anatomical kidney abnormalities. RESULTS: Donors were categorized by the number of kidneys discarded: 1) none (n=154, 46%), 2) 1 discarded and 1 transplanted (n=48, 14%), 3) both discarded (n=136, 40%)...
August 3, 2016: Transplantation
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