Read by QxMD icon Read

Acute rehabilitation

Floriana Caccamo, Simone Saltini, Enrico Carella, Roberto Carlon, Cristina Marogna, Vito Sava
Research on heart disease have found a strong and consistent evidence of association between some psychosocial risk factors, including depression, anxiety, self-efficacy, lack of social support and outcome of disease. Depression increases the risk of cardiac death and is highly predictive of reduced adherence to recommended treatments; anxiety appears to be linked to adverse cardiac outcomes. It was demonstrated that Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR) leads to substantial improvements and positive outcomes because combines the prescription of physical activity with the modification of risk factors and aims to reduce symptoms related to the disease and the risk of new cardiovascular events...
January 29, 2018: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease, Archivio Monaldi Per le Malattie del Torace
Uros Marusic, Sidney Grosprêtre
Normal and pathological ageing are associated with several motor impairments that reduce quality of life and represent a general challenge for public healthcare systems. Consequently, over the past decades, many scientists and physiotherapists dedicated their research to the development and improvement of safe and costless methods to counteract the progressive decline of motor functions with age. The urgency of finding new and easy to implement methods is even more paramount in case of acute pathologies (e...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Yanhua Wu, Yuanhan Chen, Shaowen Li, Wei Dong, Huaban Liang, Miaoyi Deng, Yingnan Chen, Shixin Chen, Xinling Liang
PURPOSE: To investigate the application value of "electronic alerts" ("e-alerts") for acute kidney injury (AKI) among high-risk wards of hospitals. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted. We developed an e-alert system for AKI and ran the system in intensive care units and divisions focusing on cardiovascular disease. The e-alert system diagnosed AKI automatically based on serum creatinine levels. Patients were assigned randomly to an e-alert group (467 patients) or non-e-alert group (408 patients)...
March 19, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Charlotte Post Sennehed, Sara Holmberg, Iben Axén, Kjerstin Stigmar, Malin Forsbrand, Ingemar F Petersson, Birgitta Grahn
Workplace involvement in rehabilitation for patients with musculoskeletal pain may improve work ability. Convergence Dialogue Meeting (CDM) is a model aimed at helping the patient, the care giver and the employer to support work ability and return to work. Our aim was to study the effect on work ability when adding a workplace dialogue according to CDM in physiotherapy practice for pain patients in ordinary primary care. We conducted a prospective pair wise cluster randomised controlled trial (ClinicalTrials...
March 15, 2018: Pain
Joni A Mettler, Dillon M Magee, Barbara M Doucet
PURPOSE: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used in rehabilitation settings to increase muscle mass and strength. However, the effects of NMES on muscle growth are not clear and no human studies have compared anabolic signaling between low-frequency (LF-) and high-frequency (HF-) NMES. The purpose of this study was to determine the skeletal muscle anabolic signaling response to an acute bout of LF- and HF-NMES. METHODS: Eleven young healthy volunteers (6 men; 5 women) received an acute bout of LF- (20 Hz) and HF- (60 Hz) NMES...
March 16, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Suman Lahiry, Christopher Levi, Joosup Kim, Dominique A Cadilhac, Andrew Searles
Background: In regional and rural Australia, patients experiencing ischemic stroke do not have equitable access to an intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Although thrombolysis with tPA is a clinically proven and cost-effective treatment for eligible stroke patients, there are few economic evaluations on pre-hospital triage interventions to improve access to tPA. Aim: To describe the potential cost-effectiveness of the pre-hospital acute stroke triage (PAST) protocol implemented to provide priority transfer of appropriate patients from smaller hospitals to a primary stroke center (PSC) in regional New South Wales, Australia...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
Birgit Brunborg Pay, Liv Wergeland Sørbye
Home-dwelling rehabilitation has expanded in the last years in Norway. The goal is to strengthen self-care for those who have suffered acute impairment or has due to chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore whether nursing students in home-based nursing care (HBNC) can contribute to patients' rehabilitation and mastery work during clinical placement. The study considered 121 undergraduate nursing students' HBNC clinical placements where they, in collaboration with patients, have designed and applied a rehabilitation plan...
March 6, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Pamela S Roberts, Manoj Goud, Harriet Udin Aronow, Richard V Riggs
Frailty is a complex and growing phenomenon facing healthcare providers throughout the continuum of care. Frailty is not well understood in post-acute care (PAC) settings. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize current evidence of frailty impact on outcomes and frailty mitigation initiatives in PAC. Three major publication databases were searched from January 2000-June 2017 that identified 18 articles specifically addressing frailty in PAC. Three themes were identified: scales used to measure frailty; factors that led to an adverse outcome or diagnosis of frailty; and interventions to address frailty in PAC...
March 14, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Buğra Çetin, Hüseyin Güleç, Hayal Ergin Toktaş, Özgür Ulutaş, Seda Güleç Yılmaz, Turgay İsbir
We aimed to investigate the changes in the objective and subjective sleep variables during painful episodes of fibromyalgia and post-episode period, and to evaluate the impact of the sleep variables on the current clinical, psychological, and immunologic parameters. Thirty-one consecutive patients who were referred to the Erenköy Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Polyclinic with a diagnosis of fibromyalgia were evaluated before and in the sixth week of the acute pain treatment. The sleep variables were measured by polysomnography, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale...
March 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Kei Yamamoto, Kenichi Sakakura, Naoyuki Akashi, Yusuke Watanabe, Masamitsu Noguchi, Yousuke Taniguchi, Yusuke Ugata, Hiroshi Wada, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
BACKGROUND: A risk classification of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) linked to a rehabilitation program has not been established. METHODS: We allocated 292 patients with AMI into the low- (L) (n=108), intermediate- (I) (n=72), and high- (H) (n=112) risk groups according to our original risk classification. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal AMI, stent thrombosis, and ischemia-driven target vessel revascularization...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Cardiology
Morad Chughtai, John J Kelly, Jared M Newman, Assem A Sultan, Anton Khlopas, Nipun Sodhi, Anil Bhave, Michael C Kolczun, Michael A Mont
This study evaluated the use of telerehabilitation during the postoperative period for patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Specifically, this study evaluated the following: (1) patient compliance and adherence to the program, (2) time spent performing physical therapy exercises, (3) the usability of the virtual rehabilitation platform, and (4) clinical outcome scores in a selected primary knee arthroplasty cohort. A total of 157 consecutive patients underwent TKA ( n  = 18) or UKA ( n  = 139)...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Knee Surgery
Violeta González-Salvado, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Carlos Peña-Gil, Carmen Neiro-Rey, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
AIM: Early basic life support is crucial to enhance survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest but rates remain low, especially in households. High-risk groups' training has been advocated, but the optimal method is unclear. The CArdiac REhabilitation and BAsic life Support (CAREBAS) project aims to compare the effectiveness of two basic life support educational strategies implemented in a cardiac rehabilitation program. METHODS: A community intervention study including consecutive patients enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program after acute coronary syndrome or revascularization was conducted...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
William J Meurer, Bradley Barth, Michael Abraham, Jerome Hoffman, Gary M Vilke, Gerard DeMers
BACKGROUND: Stroke treatment is a continuum that begins with the rapid identification of symptoms and treatment with transition to successful rehabilitation. Therapies for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may vary based on anatomic location, interval from symptom onset, and coexisting health conditions. Successful therapy requires a seamless systematic approach with coordination from prehospital environment through acute management at medical facilities to disposition and long-term care of the patient...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Annette Haywood, Sarah Barnes, Hazel Marsh, Stuart G Parker
BACKGROUND: Older people with an acute illness, many of whom are also frail, form a significant proportion of the acute hospital inpatient population. Attention is focusing on ways of improving the physical environment to optimize health outcomes and staff efficiency. PURPOSE: This article explores the effects of the physical environment in three acute care settings: acute hospital site, in-patient rehabilitation hospital, and intermediate care provision (a nursing home with some beds dedicated to intermediate care) chosen to represent different steps on the acute care pathway for older people and gain the perspectives of patients, family carers, and staff...
January 1, 2018: HERD
Benjamin S Killen, Krista L Zelizney, Xin Ye
CONTEXT: Static stretching (SS) and self-administered foam rolling (SAFR) are both effective techniques often used in rehabilitation settings to improve one's range-of-motion (ROM). However, their effects on non-intervened contralateral limb's performance remain equivocal. OBJECTIVE: To examine the acute effects of unilateral hamstrings SS and SAFR on the contralateral hip flexion passive ROM and the strength performance. DESIGN: Randomized crossover trial...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Conran Joseph, Björn Stömbäck, Maria Hagströmer, David Conradsson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of using accelerometers to monitor physical activity in persons with stroke admitted to inpatient rehabilitation. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Persons with stroke admitted to a specialized rehabilitation centre for sub-acute rehabilitation were recruited between August and December 2016. METHODS: Volume and intensity of physical activity were assessed with accelerometers throughout the rehabilitation period...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
B N Subodh, Nidhi Sharma, Raghav Shah
Management of patients with dual diagnosis (Mental illness and substance use disorders) is a challenge. A lack of improvement in either disorder can lead to a relapse in both. The current consensus opinion favours an integrated approach to management of both the disorders wherein the same team of professionals manages both the disorders in the same setting. The role of pharmacotherapy for such dual diagnosis patients is well established but the non-pharmacological approaches for their management are still evolving...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Amara Gul, Sadia Zafar
The objective of the current study was to compare cognitive flexibility and emotion regulation between childhood survivors of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL) and healthy control subjects. Twenty-five childhood survivors of ALL treated with intrathecal chemotherapy between 2013 to 2016 from Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital, Children Hospital and Jinnah Hospital Lahore and twenty-five healthy demographically matched children (control group) participated in the study. Participants performed task switching experiment as a measure of cognitive flexibility and emotion regulation questionnaire for children and adolescents...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Gang Wang, Jing Liang, Zishan Jia, Lei Wan, Mingxia Yang
RATIONALE: Spinal cord infarction is one of the complications of epidural steroid injections (ESIs), but has only been reported in cervical vertebra by transforaminal injection and lumbar vertebra by transforaminal injection; and up to now, there is no reporting about spinal cord infarction caused by caudal injection. Here, we report a case. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 52-year-old man was admitted to our hospital. He was diagnosed as lumbar disc herniation in other hospital, and the patient suffered bilateral lower limb motor and sensory disorders after administration of caudal ESI...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Cheng-Lin Wang, Kai-Xue Cao, Jun-Zhong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of a new bundle-to-bundle suturing method for acute Achilles tendon rupture. METHODS: From April 2013 to January 2015, 15 patients with acute Achilles tendon rupture were treated with a new bundle-to-bundle suturing method including 12 males and 3 females with an average age of 37.5 years old ranging from 27 to 56 years old. All of them were immobilized by cast for 6 weeks on the underlying limbs, and were educated for a rehabilitation training during the follow-up...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"