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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892178/review-article-the-diagnostic-approach-and-current-management-of-chylous-ascites
#1
REVIEW
B Lizaola, A Bonder, H D Trivedi, E B Tapper, A Cardenas
BACKGROUND: Chylous ascites is rare, accounting for less than 1% of cases. An appropriate and stepwise approach to its diagnosis and management is of key importance. AIM: To review the current diagnostic approach and management of chylous ascites. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed using the key words 'chylous', 'ascites', 'cirrhosis', 'pathophysiology', 'nutritional therapy', 'paracentesis", "transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt" and "TIPSS'...
September 11, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855918/effects-of-a-long-acting-formulation-of-octreotide-on-patients-with-portal-hypertension
#2
Pei-Jing Cui, Jing Yao, Yin Zhu, Zheng-Yun Zhang, Jun Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether the treatment of a long-acting formulation of octreotide (OCT-LAR) exerted a similar effect on improving the prognosis of patients with portal hypertension compared with placement of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPSs). METHODS: A total of 24 patients with portal hypertension who underwent TIPS placement or OCT-LAR treatment from January 2010 to January 2015 were reviewed. Hemodynamic studies, biological values, live functions, and treatment complications before and during the treatment were evaluated...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814595/bleeding-ectopic-duodenal-varix-use-of-a-new-microvascular-plug-mvp-device-along-with-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-tipss
#3
Richa Bhardwaj, Gaurav Bhardwaj, Erik Bee, Raffi Karagozian
Ectopic varices (ECV) occur along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract outside the common variceal sites and represent 2%-5% of all GI variceal bleeds with mortality rates up to 40%. Management is challenging because of inaccessibility and increased risk of rebleeding. We report what is to our knowledge the first clinical use of a new microvascular plug (MVP) with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) for a bleeding duodenal varix (DV). A 68-year-old man presented with melena. Endoscopy demonstrated a grade II varix in the second part of the duodenum with red wale sign...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723777/short-outcome-comparison-of-elderly-patients-versus-nonelderly-patients-treated-with-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-stent-shunt-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yang Li, Fengyan Wang, Xiaomei Chen, Bin Li, Wei Meng, Chengyong Qin
A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPSS) has been widely used to treat portal hypertension and its complications. However, no established guidelines mentioned whether age was a risk factor for the treatment of TIPSS.The aim is to determine whether age is a risk factor for poor outcomes following TIPSS.The retrospective cohort study included 134 patients who received TIPSS treatment from 2003 to 2016. The adverse events after the TIPSS treatment were compared after propensity score matching to reduce the effect of selection bias...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718261/modern-management-of-duodenal-variceal-bleeding
#5
Amer Rehman Farooqi, Lawrence Sunderraj
Duodenal variceal bleeding is an uncommon cause of gastrointestinal bleeding. Treatment strategies are reliant on case reports and case series with new developments in interventional treatment modalities including endoscopic therapy, radiological intervention, and surgery. Endoscopic treatment includes injection sclerotherapy using various agents, banding of varices and clipping of varices. Interventional radiological procedures include Transjugular Intrahepatic porto-systemic shunt (TIPSS), and Balloon- Occluded Retrograde Transvenous Obliteration (BRTO)...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688150/national-assessment-of-early-hospitalization-after-liver-transplantation-risk-factors-and-association-with-patient-survival
#6
Pratima Sharma, Nathan P Goodrich, Douglas E Schaubel, Abigail R Smith, Robert M Merion
Hospitalization is known to occur frequently in the first 6 months following liver transplantation (LT). Using a novel data linkage between the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, our study has 2 objectives: (1) to determine risk factors for "early" hospitalization (ie, within 6 months of LT); and (2) to quantify the importance of hospitalization history in the first 6 months with respect to subsequent patient survival (ie, survival, conditional on surviving 6 months post-LT)...
September 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577156/recanalization-of-tipss-via-transsplenic-puncture
#7
Abhinav Jain, Vinit Kahalekar, Shaji Marar, Deepak Gupta, Sangeet Sawrav, S Kiran, Akash Shukla
Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) has important role in the management of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). Stent dysfunction rate up to 80% at 2 years limits the use of TIPSS. Reintervention is required if shunt develops occlusion or stenosis. Different techniques have been reported for the catheterization of TIPSS in cases of an occluded stent. In those failing a standard transvenous approach, the Colapinto needle technique, a combined transvenous transhepatic approach or transplenic approaches have been described...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516271/three-dimensional-image-fusion-guidance-for-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-placement
#8
Vania Tacher, Arthur Petit, Haytham Derbel, Luigi Novelli, Manuel Vitellius, Fourat Ridouani, Alain Luciani, Alain Rahmouni, Christophe Duvoux, Chady Salloum, Mélanie Chiaradia, Hicham Kobeiter
INTRODUCTION: To assess the safety, feasibility and effectiveness of image fusion guidance with pre-procedural portal phase computed tomography with intraprocedural fluoroscopy for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive cirrhotic patients presenting at our interventional unit for TIPS creation from January 2015 to January 2016 were prospectively enrolled. Procedures were performed under general anesthesia in an interventional suite equipped with flat panel detector, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and image fusion technique...
May 17, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452980/corrigendum-lipopolysaccharide-induced-neutrophil-dysfunction-following-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-stent-shunt-tipss-insertion-is-associated-with-organ-failure-and-mortality
#9
Jane Macnaughtan, Rajeshwar P Mookerjee, Schalk van der Merwe, Rajiv Jalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353468/primary-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-children-king-s-college-hospital-experience
#10
Susana Nobre, Rajeev Khanna, Natalie Bab, Eirini Kyrana, Sue Height, John Karani, Pauline Kane, Nigel Heaton, Anil Dhawan
Primary Budd-Chiari syndrome is a rare cause of liver disease in children in the western world. Here we present a retrospective review of children with Primary Budd-Chiari syndrome presenting from January 2001 to November 2015 to our hospital. Seven children were identified. Their presentation was mostly chronic. All had predisposing factors for thrombosis and were started on anticoagulation. Radiological interventions (2 transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts and 1 hepatic vein stenting), liver transplant and mesocaval shunt were done in 3, 2, and 1 patients, respectively; 1 child underwent bone marrow transplantation following transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts and 1 child was managed only medically...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110540/portal-vein-thrombosis-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-undergoing-elective-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt
#11
Wan Yue-Meng, Yu-Hua Li, Hua-Mei Wu, Jing Yang, Li-Hong Yang, Ying Xu
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is a common complication in cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for PVT, assess the efficacy of anticoagulant therapy, and evaluate the effects of PVT on patients with cirrhosis undergoing elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS). A total of 101 patients with cirrhosis undergoing elective TIPSS were prospectively studied. After TIPSS, all patients received preventive therapy for PVT and were followed up at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079252/outcomes-of-surgical-shunts-and-transjugular-intrahepatic-portasystemic-stent-shunts-for-complicated-portal-hypertension
#12
I Hosokawa, R Adam, M-A Allard, G Pittau, E Vibert, D Cherqui, A Sa Cunha, H Bismuth, M Miyazaki, D Castaing
BACKGROUND: Transjugular intrahepatic portasystemic stent shunt (TIPSS), instead of surgical shunt, has become the standard treatment for patients with complicated portal hypertension. This study compared outcomes in patients who underwent TIPSS or surgical shunting for complicated portal hypertension. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of all consecutive patients who received portasystemic shunts from 1994 to 2014 at a single institution. Patients who underwent surgical shunting were compared with those who had a TIPSS procedure following one-to-one propensity score matching...
March 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051160/lipopolysaccharide-induced-neutrophil-dysfunction-following-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-stent-shunt-tipss-insertion-is-associated-with-organ-failure-and-mortality
#13
Jane Macnaughtan, Rajeshwar P Mookerjee, Rajiv Jalan
Systemic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is implicated in increasing mortality in patients with alcoholic hepatitis but the underlying mechanisms are not well characterised. The objective of this study was to characterise neutrophil function, LPS and cytokine concentrations within the splanchnic circulation of alcoholic cirrhotic patients undergoing TIPSS insertion for variceal haemorrhage and correlate this with outcome. 26 patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and variceal haemorrhage were studied prior to and 1-hour after TIPSS insertion...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003724/balloon-occluded-retrograde-transvenous-obliteration-brto-a-novel-method-of-control-of-bleeding-from-post-glue-ulcer-over-gastric-varices-report-of-two-cases-and-review-of-literature
#14
Ritesh Prajapati, Piyush Ranjan, Arun Gupta, Ajit K Yadav
Bleeding gastric varices (GV) are managed by cyanoacrylate glue injection with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) as modality for treatment failure. Ulcer can form at the site of glue injection over GV and it can cause bleeding. Treatment approach for such bleed is not well described. Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO), TIPSS, and devascularization remain the treatment options in this scenario. BRTO is an endovascular procedure where a balloon catheter is inserted into a draining vein of GV, and the sclerosant can be injected into the varices through the catheter during balloon occlusion...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910144/editorial-complications-of-tipss-consolidation-of-a-decade-of-experience
#15
EDITORIAL
N Rajoriya, D Tripathi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853493/implantability-complications-and-follow-up-after-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-stent-shunt-creation-with-the-6f-self-expanding-sinus-superflex-visual-stent
#16
Daniel Spira, Jakub Wiskirchen, Ulrich Lauer, Dominik Ketelsen, Konstantin Nikolaou, Benjamin Wiesinger
BACKGROUND: The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) builds a shortcut between the portal vein and a liver vein, and represents a sophisticated alternative to open surgery in the management of portal hypertension or its complications. OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical experiences with a low-profile nitinol stent system in TIPSS creation, and to assess primary and long-term success. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-six patients (5 females, 21 males; mean age 54...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777214/-effect-of-covered-stent-length-in-portal-and-hepatic-veins-on-long-term-clinical-efficacy-of-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt
#17
Peng Hu, Si-Liang Chen, Zhi-Peng Lin, Jian-Bo Zhao, Yong Chen, Xiao-Feng He, Qing-le Zeng, Yan-Hao Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the length of covered stents in the portal and hepatic veins on long-term clinical efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 53 cases receiving TIPSs between January, 2008 and December, 2011. All the shunts were created with Fluency stents (8 mm in diameter). Bare metal grafts of the same diameter were implanted to extend the length in the portal and hepatic veins as deemed necessary according to angiographic images...
October 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686414/feasibility-of-electromagnetically-guided-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-procedure
#18
Peter Isfort, Tobias Penzkofer, Christoph Wilkmann, Hong-Sik Na, Christian Kotzlowski, Nobutake Ito, Joachim Georg Pfeffer, Stefan Bisplinghoff, Sabine Osterhues, Andreas Besting, Jorge Gooding, Thomas Schmitz-Rode, Christiane Kuhl, Andreas Horst Mahnken, Philipp Bruners
OBJECTIVES: To develop an electromagnetic navigation technology for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation and translate it from phantom to an in-vivo large animal setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A custom-designed device for TIPS creation consisting of a stylet within a 5 French catheter as well as a software prototype were developed that allow real-time tip tracking of both stylet and catheter using an electromagnetic tracking system. Feasibility of navigated TIPSS creation was tested in a phantom by two interventional radiologists (A/B) followed by in-vivo testing evaluation in eight domestic pigs...
February 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670147/procedural-and-shunt-related-complications-and-mortality-of-the-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-tipss
#19
D Bettinger, M Schultheiss, T Boettler, M Muljono, R Thimme, M Rössle
BACKGROUND: The implantation of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) is a complex angiographic procedure performed in patients with end-stage liver disease. Numerous case reports and narrative reviews have been published so far; however, studies systematically investigating procedural and shunt-related complications are lacking. AIM: To systematically investigate complications and mortality occurring during the index hospital stay and the early (4-week) period after TIPSS implantation...
November 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629421/expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered-stent-grafts-for-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunts-in-cirrhotic-patients-long-term-patency-and-clinical-outcome-results
#20
Barbara Geeroms, Wim Laleman, Annouschka Laenen, Sam Heye, Chris Verslype, Schalk van der Merwe, Frederik Nevens, Geert Maleux
PURPOSE: To retrospectively analyse long-term patency and overall survival of cirrhotic patients treated with TIPSS using e-PTFE-covered stents. Additionally, prognostic factors for better patency and survival were analysed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and eighty-five consecutive cirrhotic patients with severe portal hypertension-related symptoms were included. Follow-up, including clinical assessment and duplex ultrasound, was analysed up to end of study, patient's death, liver transplantation or TIPSS-reduction...
May 2017: European Radiology
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