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Machine perfusion lung

Rohan Kumar, Wen Yuan Chung, Ashley Robert Dennison, Giuseppe Garcea
In transplantation surgery, extending the criteria for organ donation to include organs that may have otherwise been previously discarded has provided the impetus to improve organ preservation. The traditional method of cold static storage (CS) has been tried and tested and is suitable for organs meeting standard criteria donation. Ex vivo machine perfusion is, however, associated with evidence suggesting that it may be better than CS alone and may allow for organ donation criteria to be extended. Much of our knowledge of organ preservation is derived from animal studies...
March 6, 2017: Artificial Organs
Sven Maier, Fabian Kari, Bartosz Rylski, Matthias Siepe, Christoph Benk, Friedhelm Beyersdorf
Open aortic arch replacement is a complex and challenging procedure, especially in post dissection aneurysms and in redo procedures after previous surgery of the ascending aorta or aortic root. We report our experience with the simultaneous selective perfusion of heart, brain, and remaining body to ensure optimal perfusion and to minimize perfusion-related risks during these procedures. We used a specially configured heart-lung machine with a centrifugal pump as arterial pump and an additional roller pump for the selective cerebral perfusion...
September 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Nicholas J Slater, Her J H Zegers, Benno Küsters, Thimpe Beune, Henri A van Swieten, Dietmar J O Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Under ideal circumstances, creation of the anastomosis during free flap transfer is a routine task and can be performed under short ischemia time. However, vessels may be in suboptimal state due to atherosclerosis, radiotherapy or trauma, increasing difficulties regarding receptor vessel identification, and anastomosis which in turn may lead to lengthening of ischemia time resulting in postoperative wound problems or even flap loss. In the current pilot study, a modified heart-lung machine was assembled to achieve continuous oxygenated extracoporeal perfusion using porcine myocutaneous rectus abdominis flaps, aimed at minimizing tissue damage occurring during ischemia time...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Ahmer M Hameed, Wayne J Hawthorne, Henry C Pleass
Organ transplantation provides the best available therapy for a myriad of medical conditions, including end-stage renal disease, hepatic failure and type I diabetes mellitus. The current clinical reality is, however, that there is a significant shortage of organs available for transplantation with respect to the number of patients on organ waiting lists. As such, methods to increase organ supply have been instituted, including improved donor management, organ procurement and preservation strategies, living organ donation, transplantation education and the increased utilization of donation after circulatory death and expanded criteria donors...
August 4, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Bryan D Hayes, Sophie Gosselin, Diane P Calello, Nicholas Nacca, Carol J Rollins, Daniel Abourbih, Martin Morris, Andrea Nesbitt-Miller, José A Morais, Valéry Lavergne
BACKGROUND: Intravenous lipid emulsions (ILEs) were initially developed to provide parenteral nutrition. In recent years, ILE has emerged as a treatment for poisoning by local anesthetics and various other drugs. The dosing regimen for the clinical toxicology indications differs significantly from those used for parenteral nutrition. The evidence on the efficacy of ILE to reverse acute toxicity of diverse substances consists mainly of case reports and animal experiments. Adverse events to ILE are important to consider when clinicians need to make a risk/benefit analysis for this therapy...
June 2016: Clinical Toxicology
Wouter Willaert, Filip De Somer, Silke Grabherr, Katharina D'Herde, Piet Pattyn
The purpose of this experimental study was to establish a short-term post-mortem circulation in a pig model using liquid paraffin. This study also investigated the quality of vascular perfusion in the peripheral tissues. This is the first step in the development of a new revascularized human surgical training model. This first experience was performed on the hind leg of a pig. Initial cannulation of the external iliac artery and vein was followed by connection of the arterial inflow to a heart-lung machine and using the venous outflow to flush post-mortem clots and blood...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Elisabeth Eckert, Frank Münch, Thomas Göen, Ariawan Purbojo, Johannes Müller, Robert Cesnjevar
Medical devices like blood tubing often consist of PVC material that requires the addition of plasticizers. These plasticizers may migrate into the blood leading to an exposure of the patients. In this study the migration behavior of three different blood tubing sets (PVC material with two different plasticizers and silicone as control material) applied on a heart-lung machine standardly used for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in children was studied. We analyzed the total plasticizer migration by analysis of both, the parent compounds as well as their primary degradation products in blood...
February 2016: Chemosphere
Laura Rigg, Bruce Searles, Edward Morse Darling
Pressure data acquired from multiple sites of extracorporeal circuits can be an important parameter to monitor for the safe conduct of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Although previous surveys demonstrate that CPB circuit pressure monitoring is widely used, there are very little data cataloging specific applications of this practice. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to survey the perfusion community to catalog 1) primary CPB circuit site pressure monitoring locations; 2) type of manometers used; 3) pressure monitoring interface and servoregulation with pump console; and 4) the rationale and documentation associated with pressure monitoring during CPB...
December 2014: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
Felix Fleissner, Ahmed Redwan, Theodosios Bisdas, Anna-Lena Boeck, Karin Weissenborn, Axel Haverich, Omke E Teebken, Maximilian Pichlmaier, Andreas Martens
BACKGROUND: In this study, gas tensions in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were prospectively evaluated as intraoperative markers for the detection of neurological deficits. METHODS: Spinal fluid, serum, and heart lung machine (HLM) perfusate were monitored for gas tensions (po 2/pCo 2) and related parameters (pH, lactate, and glucose) during thoracoabdominal aortic repair and correlated with perioperative neurological examination and electrophysiological testing. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were assessed for the study, and 40 consecutive patients were finally included...
April 2015: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Sarah Baos, Karen Sheehan, Lucy Culliford, Katie Pike, Lucy Ellis, Andrew J Parry, Serban Stoica, Mohamed T Ghorbel, Massimo Caputo, Chris A Rogers
BACKGROUND: During open heart surgery, patients are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine that pumps blood around the body ("perfusion") while the heart is stopped. Typically the blood is cooled during this procedure ("hypothermia") and warmed to normal body temperature once the operation has been completed. The main rationale for "whole body cooling" is to protect organs such as the brain, kidneys, lungs, and heart from injury during bypass by reducing the body's metabolic rate and decreasing oxygen consumption...
May 25, 2015: JMIR Research Protocols
N L Achorn, P C Crawford, M H Bronstein
Open heart surgery is one of the most highly technical of all modern medical techniques, and includes procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting, cardiac valve repair or replacement, correction of congenital defects, resection of aneurysms, ablation of abnormal pathways of conduction, etc. It relies on the coordinated interaction of a heart surgeon, an anesthesiologist, several nurses and technicians, and a perfusionist. The first successful open heart surgery was performed in Philadelphia forty years ago by Dr...
October 1993: Surgical Technology International
Fadwa Ali, Anahita Dua, David C Cronin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Shortage of donor organs has increased consideration for use of historically excluded grafts. Ex-vivo machine perfusion is an emerging technology that holds the potential for organ resuscitation and reconditioning, potentially increasing the quality and number of organs available for transplantation. This article aims to review the recent advances in machine perfusion and organ preservation solutions. RECENT FINDINGS: Flow and pressure-based machine perfusion has shown improved kidney graft function and survival, especially among expanded criteria donors...
April 2015: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
Ilan Ben-Shabat, Christoffer Hansson, Malin Sternby Eilard, Christian Cahlin, Magnus Rizell, Per Lindnér, Jan Mattsson, Roger Olofsson Bagge
Isolated hepatic perfusion (IHP) is a procedure where the liver is surgically isolated and perfused with a high concentration of the chemotherapeutic agent melphalan. Briefly, the procedure starts with the setup of a percutaneous veno-venous bypass from the femoral vein to the external jugular vein. Via a laparotomy, catheters are then inserted into the proper hepatic artery and the caval vein. The portal vein and the caval vein, both supra- and infrahepatically, are then clamped. The arterial and venous catheters are connected to a heart lung machine and the liver is perfused with melphalan (1 mg/kg body weight) for 60 min...
January 25, 2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
C Debbaut, D Monbaliu, P Segers
BACKGROUND: Hepatic perfusion plays a crucial role in liver transplantation strategies, for example, when preserving procured organs with the use of machine perfusion preservation (MP) and in the case of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Liver hemodynamics are not yet fully understood because of insufficient knowledge on the hepatic vascular morphology and its perfusion characteristics, hampering the optimization of liver transplantation procedures. To this end, we developed computer models to simulate the complex blood circulation through the liver from the macro-scale down to the terminal micro-scale level...
November 2014: Transplantation Proceedings
Qiang Zhang, Mingmin Zhang, Zhaoxin Liu, Baoqi Shi, Fuliang Qi, Haijiang Wang, Yuan Lv, Haijiao Jin, Weijing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To detect the activity of tumor cells and tumor blood flow before and after the radiotherapy of implanted pulmonary VX-2 carcinoma in rabbit models by using magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging (MR-DWI) and magnetic resonance perfusion weighted imaging (MR-PWI), and to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of the radiotherapy based on the changes in the MR-DWI and MR-PWI parameters at different treatment stages. METHODS: A total of 56 rabbit models with implanted pulmonary VX-2 carcinoma were established, and then equally divided into treatment group and control group...
October 2014: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Olivier Van Caenegem, Christophe Beauloye, Jonathan Vercruysse, Sandrine Horman, Luc Bertrand, Noëlla Bethuyne, Alain J Poncelet, Pierre Gianello, Peter Demuylder, Eric Legrand, Gwen Beaurin, Françoise Bontemps, Luc M Jacquet, Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde
The number of heart transplants is decreasing due to organ shortage, yet the donor pool could be enlarged by improving graft preservation. Hypothermic machine perfusion (MP) has been shown to improve kidney, liver, or lung graft preservation. Sixteen pig hearts were recovered following cardioplegia and randomized to two different groups of 4-hour preservation using either static cold storage (CS) or MP (Modified LifePort© System, Organ Recovery Systems, Itasca, Il). The grafts then underwent reperfusion on a Langendorff for 60 min...
February 2015: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Paul E Morrissey, Anthony P Monaco
Organ donation after circulatory death (DCD) has been endorsed by the World Health Organization and is practiced worldwide. This overview examines current DCD practices, identifies problems and challenges, and suggests clinical strategies for possible improvement. Although there is uniform agreement on DCD donor candidacy (ventilator-dependent individuals with nonrecoverable or irreversible neurologic injury not meeting brain death criteria), there are variations in all aspects of DCD practice. Utilization of DCD organs is limited by hypoxia, hypotension, reduced--then absent--organ perfusion, and ischemia/reperfusion syndrome...
February 15, 2014: Transplantation
W Willaert, T Van Hoof, F De Somer, S Grabherr, K D'Herde, W Ceelen, P Pattyn
PURPOSE: The objective of this experiment is to establish a continuous postmortem circulation in the vascular system of porcine lungs and to evaluate the pulmonary distribution of the perfusate. This research is performed in the bigger scope of a revascularization project of Thiel embalmed specimens. This technique enables teaching anatomy, practicing surgical procedures and doing research under lifelike circumstances. METHODS: After cannulation of the pulmonary trunk and the left atrium, the vascular system was flushed with paraffinum perliquidum (PP) through a heart-lung machine...
2014: European Surgical Research. Europäische Chirurgische Forschung. Recherches Chirurgicales Européennes
Helge Bruns, Peter Schemmer
BACKGROUND: Machine perfusion (MP) in solid organ transplantation has been a topic of variable importance for decades. At the dawn of organ transplantation, MP was one of the standard techniques for preservation; today's gold standard for organ preservation for transplantation is cold storage (CS). The outcome after transplantation of solid organs has tremendously improved over the last five decades. MP has been continuously under investigation and may be an option for organ preservation in selected cases; however, there is only little evidence from clinical trials that can be used to advocate for MP as a routine organ preservation method...
April 2014: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Takashi Isoyama, Koki Ariyoshi, Kyosuke Nii, Itsuro Saito, Kazuyoshi Fukunaga, Yusuke Inoue, Toshiya Ono, Kohei Ishii, Shintaro Hara, Kou Imachi, Madoka Takai, Yusuke Abe
Development have been achieved of a new blood pump for next generation Percutaneous Cardio-Pulmonary Support (PCPS) system and a novel surface coating method for silicone membrane hollow fiber by physical adsorption using a copolymer composed of a 2-Methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine (MPC) unit and a hydrophobic unit. The new blood pump, named the Troidal Convolution Pump (TCP), is based on the principle of a cascade pump and perfused 5 L/min and 350 mmHg at 2450 rpm. The novel copolymer composed of 30% MPC unit and 3-(methacryloyloxy) propyltris (trimethylsiloxy) silane (MPTSSi) unit (PMMSi30) was the most suitable molecular design on a silicone surface...
2013: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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