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preoperative EPO

Adrienne M Laury, Sarah N Bowe, Joshua Stramiello, Kevin C McMains
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the primary diagnoses for which balloon catheter dilation (BCD) of sinus ostia is being employed in a profit-blind health care system, the Department of Defense. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: From January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013, 319 consecutive patient charts were reviewed for International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition (ICD-9) diagnoses, presence of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) defined by the European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps (EPOS), preoperative Lund-Mackay scores, nasal endoscopy findings, sinuses dilated, postoperative outcomes, and complications...
September 23, 2016: Laryngoscope
Jahan Che Penny-Dimri, Andrew D Cochrane, Luke A Perry, Julian A Smith
BACKGROUND: The role of perioperative erythropoietin (EPO) for preventing cardiac surgery associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI) remains uncertain with published trials producing conflicting results. Perspective into the factors at work is needed, due to ongoing uncertainty. METHODS: We undertook the systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised-controlled trials (RCTs) using random-effects modelling. The primary outcome was safety and efficacy of perioperative EPO to prevent CSA-AKI and the secondary outcomes were change in serum creatinine, urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, time in ICU, rates of postoperative transfusions, haemodialysis, and mortality...
November 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Yan Zhao, Chao Jiang, Huiming Peng, Bin Feng, Yulong Li, Xisheng Weng
INTRODUCTION: Because allogeneic blood transfusion carries a risk of serious complications, erythropoietin (EPO) has been used in patients scheduled for total hip or knee arthroplasty in an effort to reduce the need for allogeneic blood transfusion; however, its efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and safety are still controversial. The purpose of this review was to determine the hematopoiesis-promoting effect and potential complications, as well as the cost-effectiveness, of preoperative use of EPO in patients scheduled for total hip or knee arthroplasty...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Máximo Bernabeu-Wittel, Manuel Romero, Manuel Ollero-Baturone, Reyes Aparicio, José Murcia-Zaragoza, Manuel Rincón-Gómez, Rafael Monte-Secades, María Melero-Bascones, Clara M Rosso, Alberto Ruiz-Cantero
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of osteoporotic hip fracture (HF) has raised the requirements of red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, whereas this scarce resource may cause morbidity and mortality. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, clinical trial that aimed to assess efficacy of ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) with or without erythropoietin (EPO) in reducing RBC transfusion in the perioperative period of HF. Participants (patients > 65 years admitted with HF and hemoglobin [Hb] levels of 90-120 g/L) were randomly assigned to receive a preoperative single dose of 1 g of FCM (short intravenous [IV] infusion over 15 min), plus 40,000 IU of subcutaneous EPO (EPOFE arm); versus 1 g of IV FCM plus subcutaneous placebo (FE arm); and versus IV and subcutaneous placebo (placebo arm)...
September 2016: Transfusion
Yuan-Gang Wu, Yi Zeng, Bin Shen, Hai-Bo Si, Fei Cao, Ti-Min Yang, Fu-Xing Pei
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate whether the combination of erythropoietin (EPO) and tranexamic acid (TXA) exerted any additional benefits on the number of blood transfusions required and haematological parameters compared with TXA alone following primary bilateral simultaneous total hip arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, prospective, randomised, and controlled trial at our hospital. Group EPO + TXA (n = 30) received daily subcutaneous injections EPO (10,000 IU) on preoperative days 1-4 and postoperative days 1-3...
July 25, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Claire Dupuis, Daphné Michelet, Julie Hilly, Thierno Diallo, Christophe Vidal, Honorine Delivet, Yves Nivoche, Keyvan Mazda, Souhayl Dahmani
INTRODUCTION: Blood saving strategies during paediatric spinal surgery often include recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and antifibrinolytic therapy (AFT). The goal of this study was to investigate additional preventive factors involved in the risk of blood transfusion. METHODS: This prospective study was designed with the aim of identifying factors associated with the perioperative (defined as the intraoperative and the first postoperative day) probability of homologous red cell transfusion during scoliosis surgery in children operated during a one year period in our institution...
December 2015: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Dong Xue, Cuixing Zhou, Yunbo Shi, Hao Lu, Xiaozhou He
BACKGROUND To explore the use of hepcidin as a marker of impaired renal function in a rat model for chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-four models were developed and 20 models were included in this study, using Fisher (F344) rats (donors) and Lewis rats (recipients). Renal function tests were performed preoperatively and postoperatively. Hepcidin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and erythropoietin levels in serum and urine were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). To observe pathological changes in the kidneys, 10 rats each were sacrificed at 2 months and 4 months after surgery...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Emmanuel Rineau, Aurélie Chaudet, Claire Chassier, Pascal Bizot, Sigismond Lasocki
BACKGROUND: Patient blood management (PBM) must be promoted in orthopedic surgery and relies on different strategies implemented during the entire perioperative period. Our aim was to assess whether the introduction of a pre-, intra-, and postoperative PBM protocol combining erythropoietin (EPO), ferric carboxymaltose (FCM), and tranexamic acid was effective in reducing perioperative transfusion and postoperative anemia. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In a two-phase prospective observational study, all patients admitted for total hip or knee arthroplasty were included the day before surgery...
March 2016: Transfusion
Duy L Phan, Fiyinfoluwa Ani, Ran Schwarzkopf
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anemia is present in 20% of total joint arthroplasty patients. Current preoperative treatment options, including iron supplementation (FE) and erythropoietin (EPO), are expensive. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been adopted as an intraoperative adjunct to decrease blood loss. Our hypothesis is that TXA is a cost-effective treatment compared to FE and EPO in anemic patients. METHODS: In this study, a cost analysis was performed, comparing the material costs of TXA and packed red blood cells (PRBCs) to the theoretical administration and material costs of FE and EPO per standard preoperative anemia protocol...
March 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Shota Ikegami, Jun Takahashi, Shugo Kuraishi, Masayuki Shimizu, Toshimasa Futatsugi, Masashi Uehara, Kayo Horiuchi, Shigetaka Shimodaira, Hiroyuki Kato
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study OBJECTIVE.: To clarify the efficacy of recombinant human erythropoietin-beta (EPO-beta) injections during autologous blood donation (ABD) before spinal deformity surgery in children and teenagers. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ABD is preferred for spinal deformity surgery. A few studies have assessed the usefulness of preoperative ABD with EPO-beta in anemic patients. METHODS: Fifty-six spinal deformity surgery patients (41 females, 15 males; median age: 15 yrs; range, 5-19 yrs) underwent preoperative ABD...
November 2015: Spine
Lintao Li, Haishan Wu, Yuli Wu, Peiliang Fu, Zheru Ding
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the perioperative blood management strategies for joint arthroplasty. METHODS: The literature concerning preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative blood management was reviewed and summarized. RESULTS: At present, a variety of blood management and conservation strategies are available. Preoperative strategies include iron supplementation, erythropoietin (EPO), and preoperative autologous donation (PAD). Intraoperative options include acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH), antifibrinolytics, and the use of a tourniquet...
June 2015: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Chen Chen, Hua Wu, Lin Zhong, Xin Wang, Zhuang-Jie Xing, Bi-Hu Gao
The aim of this study was to investigate the impacts of parathyroidectomy (PTX) towards the renal anemia and nutritional status of hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). 32 patients, enrolled into the blood purification center of our hospital for the hemodialysis treatment, were collected and divided into the PTX group and the non-PTX group, with 16 patients in each group. The changes of relevant indicators such as immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (iPTH), anemia and nutrition were observed before, 1-, 3-, 6-month after the treatment...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Lica Arakawa-Sugueno, Alberto Rosseti Ferraz, Janaína Morandi, Dirce Maria Capobianco, Claudio Roberto Cernea, Maury Antônio Sampaio, Marco Aurélio Vamondes Kulcsar, César Augusto Simões, Lenine Garcia Brandão
Deglutition complaints are frequent after thyroidectomy. The purpose of this study was to follow-up on patients with thyroidectomy indication to compare the videoendoscopic evaluation of swallowing on the seventh day (early postoperative, EPO) and on the 60th day after thyroidectomy, (late postoperative, LPO) and to compare patients that evolved with normal laryngeal mobility (NLM) and abnormal laryngeal mobility (ALM). Nasofibroscopic evaluation was performed preoperatively (PRE), on the EPO and LPO. Two groups were compared: ALM and NLM...
October 2015: Dysphagia
Chen Zhao, Zhenchuan Lin, Qimei Luo, Xi Xia, Xueqing Yu, Fengxian Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the efficacy and safety of erythropoietin (EPO) to prevent acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with critical illness or perioperative care. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials comparing EPO with placebo for AKI prevention in adult patients with critical illness or perioperative care were searched in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Web of Science, and Clinical until October 2014...
June 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
A Pérez-Ferrer, E Gredilla-Díaz, J de Vicente-Sánchez, F Sánchez Pérez-Grueso, F Gilsanz-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the implementation of a blood conservation program, and the adoption and progressive association of different methods, reduces transfusion requirements in pediatric patients undergoing scoliosis surgery of different origins. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Quasi-experimental, nonrandomized, descriptive study, approved by the Ethics Committee for Research of our institution. 50 pediatric patients (ASA I-III) aged 5 to 18 years, undergoing scoliosis surgery of any etiology by a single posterior or double approach (anterior and posterior) were included...
February 2016: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Henrik Lind, G Joergensen, B Lange, F Svendstrup, A D Kjeldsen
Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) for patients with severe chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) has become a well-established treatment in cases where medical therapy fails. Even though CRS patients are divided into two subgroups, CRS with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP) and CRS without nasal polyposis (CRSsNP), most studies present only results for the total cohort. This prospective cohort study evaluated the efficacy of ESS on both quality of life and olfactory function measures, in a cohort of Danish CRS patients diagnosed according to the EPOS criteria, with results analysed separately for the CRSwNP and CRSsNP subgroups...
April 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Alexander McGirr, Katerina Pavenski, Bhanu Sharma, Michael D Cusimano
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgery may involve significant blood loss and frequently requires allogeneic red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. Preoperative recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) may be used to improve erythroid status and recovery, and used either alone or in combination with preoperative autologous donation (PAD) it may reduce exposure to allogeneic RBC. We wished to study the use of EPO with and without PAD and the risk of RBC transfusion in neurosurgery. METHODS: Using a retrospective case-control design, 57 patients who received EPO preoperatively were matched 2:1 for age, sex, year of surgery, and International Classification of Diseases code most responsible for surgery (three were excluded because of stringent matching criteria, leaving 54 cases and 108 comparison subjects)...
September 2014: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
Hany Bedair, Judy Yang, Maureen K Dwyer, Joseph C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Preoperative erythropoietin alpha (EPO) has been shown to be effective at reducing postoperative blood transfusions in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA); however, treatment with EPO is associated with additional costs, and it is not known whether these costs can be justified when weighed against the transfusion reductions achieved in patients who receive the drug. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study is to investigate (1) efficacy of preoperative EPO in reducing postoperative transfusions in TKA and THA; (2) whether patients treated with EPO have reduced length of stay or a different discharge disposition; and (3) whether EPO use reduces overall blood management costs...
February 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
B D Keeler, J A Simpson, S Ng, C Tselepis, T Iqbal, M J Brookes, A G Acheson
AIM: The study aimed to analyse the feasibility and efficacy of administration of a single intravenous iron infusion (IVI) in the preoperative optimization of colorectal cancer patients with anaemia. METHOD: Twenty patients were recruited at least 14 days before the planned date of surgery. A single 1000 mg dose of ferric carboxymaltose (Ferinject) was administered as an outpatient procedure. Blood samples were taken at recruitment prior to drug administration (REC), on the day of surgery prior to any intervention (DOS) and on the first postoperative day...
October 2014: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Sharon McCartney, Nicole Guinn, Russell Roberson, Bob Broomer, William White, Steven Hill
BACKGROUND: Based on biblical doctrines, patients of the Jehovah's Witness faith refuse allogeneic blood transfusion. Cardiac surgery carries a high risk of blood transfusion, but has been performed in Jehovah's Witnesses for many years. The literature contains information on the outcomes of this cohort, but does not detail the perioperative care of these patients. This article describes a single institution's experience in perioperative care of Jehovah's Witnesses undergoing cardiac surgery...
October 2014: Transfusion
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