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Weijia Wang, Zhesi Lian, Ethan J Rowin, Barry J Maron, Martin S Maron, Mark S Link
BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is incompletely resolved. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study group comprised 160 patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), of whom 94 patients had 24- to 48-hour ambulatory monitoring preimplant. ICDs were interrogated and ambulatory ECGs monitored for NSVT episodes, with associations between NSVT- and ICD-treated ventricular arrhythmias examined...
March 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Yoshimori An, Kenji Ando, Yoshimitsu Soga, Akihiro Nomura, Michio Nagashima, Kentaro Hayashi, Yu Makihara, Masato Fukunaga, Ken-Ichi Hiroshima, Masakiyo Nobuyoshi, Masahiko Goya
BACKGROUND: Data regarding long-term mortality and factors influencing appropriate therapies in Japanese patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), who satisfy the Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial II (MADIT II) criteria for primary prevention, remain scarce. METHODS: A total of 118 consecutive patients who underwent ICD implantation without any prior ventricular arrhythmic event, from January 2000 to December 2012, were enrolled based on the MADIT II criteria: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of ≤30% with ischemic heart disease and at least 4 weeks after a myocardial infarction...
February 2017: Journal of Arrhythmia
Mauricio Pimentel, André Zimerman, Diego Chemello, Vanessa Giaretta, Michael Andrades, Daiane Silvello, Leandro Zimerman, Luis E Rohde
PURPOSE: Risk stratification of serious arrhythmic events in patients with nonischemic heart failure (HF), beyond estimates of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), remains an important clinical challenge. This study aims to determine the clinical value of different noninvasive and invasive tests as predictors of serious arrhythmic events in patients with nonischemic HF. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted including 106 nonischemic HF patients who underwent a comprehensive clinical and laboratory evaluation including two-dimensional echocardiography, 24-h Holter monitoring, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX), and an invasive electrophysiological study...
March 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Hisashi Yokoshiki, Akihiko Shimizu, Takeshi Mitsuhashi, Hiroshi Furushima, Yukio Sekiguchi, Tetsuyuki Manaka, Nobuhiro Nishii, Takeshi Ueyama, Norishige Morita, Takashi Nitta, Ken Okumura
BACKGROUND: The choice of cardiac resynchronization therapy device, with (CRT-D) or without (CRT-P) a defibrillator, in patients with heart failure largely depends on the physician׳s discretion, because it has not been established which subjects benefit most from a defibrillator. METHODS: We examined the annual trend of CRT device implantations between 2006 and 2014, and evaluated the factors related to the device selection (CRT-D or CRT-P) for primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure by analyzing the Japan Cardiac Device Treatment Registry (JCDTR) database from January 2011 and August 2015 (CRT-D, n=2714; CRT-P, n=555)...
December 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
Annabel Blasi, Virginia Hernandez, Javier Fernandez, Jordi Colmenero, Joan Beltran, Juan Carlos Garcia-Valdecasas, Joan Carles Reverter
Thromboprophylaxis is not well defined after liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT) and nonsplanchnic vein thrombosis (NSVT) after LT. Liver transplantations performed between 2009 and 2013 in our institution were reviewed. Demographic, intraoperative, and postoperative data were recorded. Low-molecular-weight heparin was only administered postoperatively if intraoperative thrombectomy was performed or in patients preoperatively anticoagulated...
January 1, 2016: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
James Gabriels, Michael Wu, Lisa Rosen, Apoor Patel, Bruce Goldner
BACKGROUND: Permanent pacemaker electrograms record a variety of arrhythmias, including nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT). Little has been reported regarding incidence and clinical significance of NSVT in pacemaker patients after long-term monitoring. METHODS: Records from all patients implanted with Medtronic pacemakers (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA) at a single institution from January 1, 2009 to February 27, 2012 were reviewed. Demographic characteristics, imaging studies, pacemaker interrogations, and the Social Security Death Index were examined in patients older than 18 years of age who had ≥ 2 follow-up device interrogations...
December 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Thomas Sené, Olivier Lidove, Joel Sebbah, Jean-Marc Darondel, Hervé Picard, Laurent Aaron, Olivier Fain, Thierry Zenone, Dominique Joly, Philippe Charron, Jean-Marc Ziza
The incidence and predictive factors of arrhythmias and/or conduction abnormalities (ACAs) requiring cardiac device (CD) implantation are poorly characterized in Fabry disease (FD). The aim of our retrospective study was to determine the prevalence, incidence, and factors associated with ACA requiring CD implantation in a monocentric cohort of patients with confirmed FD who were followed up in a department of internal medicine and reference center for FD.Forty-nine patients (20M, 29F) were included. Nine patients (4M, 5F; 18%) had at least one episode of ACA leading to device therapy...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hoang H Nguyen, Shabana Shahanavaz, George F Van Hare, David T Balzer, Ramzi Nicolas, Jennifer N Avari Silva
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI) is first-line therapy for some congenital heart disease patients with right ventricular outflow tract dysfunction. The hemodynamics improvements after PPVI are well documented, but little is known about its effects on the electrophysiologic substrate. The objective of this study is to assess the short- and medium-term electrophysiologic substrate changes and elucidate postprocedure arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing PPVI from May 2010 to April 2015 was performed...
September 30, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Javier Jiménez-Candil, Jesús Hernández, Pedro Perdiguero, Ana Martín, José Moríñigo, Loreto Bravo, Olga Durán, Pedro Luis Sánchez
Nonsustained ventricular tachycardias (NSVTs) are frequently observed in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The prognostic implications of such NSVTs are conflicting. Our objective was to determine the relation between the burden of NSVT occurring early (within the first 6 months after ICD implant) and prognosis among ICD patients with LV dysfunction. We followed 416 ICD patients (age: 65 ± 11 years; LV ejection fraction: 30 ± 8; ischemic origin: 62%; primary prevention: 63%) with LV dysfunction for 41 ± 27 months...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Adaya Weissler-Snir, Raymond H Chan, Arnon Adler, Melanie Care, Vijay Chauhan, Michael H Gollob, Tomer Ziv-Baran, Dana Fourey, Waseem Hindieh, Harry Rakowski, Danna A Spears
Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT), defined as ≥3 consecutive ventricular beats at ≥120 beats/min lasting <30 seconds, is an independent predictor of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC). Current guidelines recommend 24- to 48-hour Holter monitoring as part of SCD risk stratification. We sought to assess the difference in diagnostic yield of 14-day Holter monitoring compared to 24-48 hours for the detection of NSVT and to assess the prevalence and characteristics of NSVT in patients with HC with prolonged monitoring...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Chin-Yu Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Fa-Po Chung, Yun-Yu Chen, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Jo-Nan Liao, Yao-Ting Chang, Chung-Hsing Lin, Suresh Allamsetty, Rohit Walia, Abigail Louise D Te, Shinya Yamada, Shuo-Ju Chiang, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Shih-Ann Chen
BACKGROUND: The impact of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) on the risk of thromboembolic event and clinical outcomes in patients without structural heart disease remains undetermined. This study aimed to evaluate the association between NSVT and clinical outcomes. METHODS: The study population of 5903 patients was culled from the "Registry of 24-hour ECG monitoring at Taipei Veterans General Hospital" (REMOTE database) between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004...
2016: PloS One
Joseph E Marine
Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) may trigger concern, particularly in patients with known congestive heart failure, structural heart disease, or prolonged QT interval. When NSVT occurs in patients with normal hearts, it usually has a benign prognosis. Therefore, establishing the presence or absence of structural or inherited heart disease is a critical step in each patient's evaluation. It is important to approach a wide-complex tachycardia in a systematic manner, to ensure correct diagnosis and treatment...
September 2016: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
A McCombe, F Touma, D Jackson, C Canniffe, P Choudhary, L Pressley, D Tanous, Peter J Robinson, D Celermajer
BACKGROUND: Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) is a rare congenital heart disease. There have been only few reports of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in patients with ccTGA and reasonable ventricular function. METHODS: A retrospective review of the medical records of all patients attending our adult congenital heart centre, with known ccTGA. RESULTS: From a database of over 3500 adult patients with congenital heart disease, we identified 39 (∼1%) with ccTGA and 'two-ventricle' circulations...
2016: Open Heart
Leonardo Pippa Gadioli, Carlos Henrique Miranda, Antonio Osvaldo Pintya, Alexandre Baldini de Figueiredo, André Schmidt, Benedito Carlos Maciel, José Antonio Marin-Neto, Marcus Vinicius Simões
BACKGROUND: To investigate the correlation between the extent of myocardial sympathetic denervation and fibrosis and the presence of degrees of severity of ventricular arrhythmias in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCC). METHODS: Forty-three CCC patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥ 35% were divided into three groups: SVT group-presenting Sustained Ventricular Tachycardia (SVT) (n = 15), NSVT group-exhibiting episodes of non-SVT (NSVT) on 24-h Holter monitoring (n = 11), and Control group-exhibiting neither SVT nor episodes of NSVT (n = 17)...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Pablo Ávila, François Marcotte, Annie Dore, Lise-Andrée Mercier, Azadeh Shohoudi, François-Pierre Mongeon, Blandine Mondésert, Anna Proietti, Reda Ibrahim, Anita Asgar, Nancy Poirier, Paul Khairy
BACKGROUND: Sudden death of presumed arrhythmic etiology is the leading cause of mortality in adults with tetralogy of Fallot. OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of exercise on ventricular arrhythmias in adults with tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS: Adults with repaired tetralogy of Fallot were randomized in a 2:1 ratio to an open-label trial of standard care versus 12weeks of supervised combined aerobic/resistance training with continuous Holter monitoring...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Mikko Jalanko, Mika Tarkiainen, Petri Sipola, Pertti Jääskeläinen, Kirsi Lauerma, Mika Laine, Markku S Nieminen, Markku Laakso, Tiina Heliö, Johanna Kuusisto
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the value of speckle tracking two-dimensional (2D) strain echocardiography (2DSE) measured mechanical dispersion (MD) with other imaging and electrocardiographic parameters in differentiating hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with and without nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) on 24-h ambulatory ECG monitoring. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 31 patients with HCM caused by the Finnish founder mutation MYBPC3-Q1061X and 20 control subjects with comprehensive 2DSE echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI)...
September 2016: Annals of Medicine
Lorenzo Maria Santucci, Fabio Anselmo Saputo, Letizia Verticelli, Ilaria Tamburri, Silvia Placidi, Massimo Stefano Silvetti, Fabrizio Drago
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
Aziez Ahmed, John R Phillips
We report the first case of pregnancy in a pediatric patient with catecholiminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). Pregnant adolescents with CPVT are at high risk for NSVT and malignant VT during pregnancy, despite antiarrhythmic medication. They may receive multiple implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapies. Such patients require close monitoring with special care during the first trimester.
April 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Mary C Niu, Shaine A Morris, Michele Krenek, Caridad M DE LA Uz, Claudia Pedroza, Christina Y Miyake, Jeffrey J Kim, Santiago O Valdés
INTRODUCTION: In pediatric patients with pacemakers implanted for atrioventricular block (AVB), nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) detected during routine surveillance is a finding of unknown significance. We sought to describe the incidence of NSVT and determine if there was an association between NSVT and adverse outcomes in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a single-center retrospective study of 136 patients (1971-2013) with pacemakers implanted for advanced and complete AVB...
April 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Ting-Yan Zhu, Shu-En Teng, Yan-Yu Chen, Shen-Rong Liu, Su-Rong Meng, Jian Peng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether Tpeak-Tend interval (Tp-e) and Tp-e/QT ratio are associated with malignant ventricular arrhythmia in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention. METHODS: A cohort of 68 consecutive patients with chronic heart failure undergoing standard ICD for primary prevention indications (NYHA function class II-III, left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35%, systolic cardiomyopathy without prior malignant ventricular arrhythmia) were enrolled in this study...
March 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
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