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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905078/improving-the-provision-of-otc-medication-information-in-community-pharmacies-in-poland
#1
Anna Piecuch, Magdalena Makarewicz-Wujec, Małgorzata Kozłowska-Wojciechowska
Background An informed or shared decision-making model is desirable to support the choice of over-the-counter (OTC) medications in pharmacies: it respects patient empowerment in self-medication. Such a model is achievable provided that pharmacists are a credible, competent information source open to patient needs. Objective To study the dependencies among selected factors that may influence the provision of OTC medication information. The study was conducted from the perspective of a community pharmacist. Method The study consisted of an auditorium survey with a self-administered questionnaire...
November 30, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904185/topical-therapy-in-atopic-dermatitis-in-children
#2
Dharshini Sathishkumar, Celia Moss
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, chronic childhood skin disorder caused by complex genetic, immunological, and environmental interactions. It significantly impairs quality of life for both child and family. Treatment is complex and must be tailored to the individual taking into account personal, social, and emotional factors, as well as disease severity. This review covers the management of AD in children with topical treatments, focusing on: education and empowerment of patients and caregivers, avoidance of trigger factors, repair and maintenance of the skin barrier by correct use of emollients, control of inflammation with topical corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors, minimizing infection, and the use of bandages and body suits...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887597/technology-enhanced-multi-domain-at-home-continuum-of-care-program-with-respect-to-usual-care-for-people-with-cognitive-impairment-the-ability-telerehabilitation-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
O Realdon, F Rossetto, M Nalin, I Baroni, M Cabinio, R Fioravanti, F L Saibene, M Alberoni, F Mantovani, M Romano, R Nemni, F Baglio
BACKGROUND: According to the World Alzheimer Report (Prince, The Global Impact of Dementia: an Analysis of Prevalence, Incidence, Cost and Trends, 2015), 46.8 million people worldwide are nowadays living with dementia. And this number is estimated to approximate 131.5 million by 2050, with an increasing burden on society and families. The lack of medical treatments able to stop or slow down the course of the disease has moved the focus of interest toward the nonpharmacological approach and psychosocial therapies for people with/at risk of dementia, as in the Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) condition...
November 25, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878844/factors-influencing-new-graduate-nurse-burnout-development-job-satisfaction-and-patient-care-quality-a-time-lagged-study
#4
Sheila A Boamah, Emily A Read, Heather K Spence Laschinger
AIM: To test a hypothesized model linking new graduate nurses' perceptions of their manager's authentic leadership behaviours to structural empowerment, short-staffing and work-life interference and subsequent burnout, job satisfaction and patient care quality. BACKGROUND: Authentic leadership and structural empowerment have been shown to reduce early career burnout among nurses. Short-staffing and work-life interference are also linked to burnout and may help explain the impact of positive, empowering leadership on burnout, which in turn influences job satisfaction and patient care quality...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876035/study-protocol-evaluation-of-a-dvd-intervention-designed-to-meet-the-informaton-needs-of-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-and-their-partner-carer-and-families
#5
Vicki Parker, Leearna Bennett, Douglas Bellamy, Benjamin Britton, Sylvia Lambert
BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo surgery for cancer of the head and neck and their families face complex and difficult challenges and are at risk of anxiety and depression and inability to cope with symptom and treatment burden. Information available to support them is not flexible enough to adjust to individual need. DESIGN/METHODS: A randomised clinical trial pre and post intervention design, comparing the use of a tailored DVD intervention, provided preoperatively and used throughout the post- operative period, with usual treatment...
November 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871730/patient-empowerment-what-does-it-really-mean
#6
EDITORIAL
Martha M Funnell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862194/associations-of-changes-in-psychosocial-factors-and-their-interactions-with-diabetes-distress-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Ruey-Hsia Wang, Hui-Chun Hsu, Chia-Chan Kao, Yung-Mei Yang, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Shyi-Jang Shin
AIM: To assess the associations of changes in self-management behaviours, diabetes self-efficacy, resilience, social support, patient empowerment and their interactions with changes in diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. BACKGROUND: Many patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus experience diabetes distress. Few longitudinal studies have investigated the associations of changes in various psychosocial factors with changes in diabetes distress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859876/power-and-resistance-within-the-hospital-s-hierarchical-system-the-experiences-of-chronically-ill-patients
#8
Odette Griscti, Megan Aston, Grace Warner, Ruth Martin-Misener, Deborah McLeod
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences of chronically ill patients and registered nurses when they negotiate patient care in hospital settings. Specifically, we explored how social and institutional discourses shape power relations during the negotiation process. BACKGROUND: The hospital system is embedded in a hierarchical structure where the voice of the healthcare provider as expert is often given more importance than the patient. This system has been criticised as being oppressive to patients who are perceived to be lower in the hierarchy...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849372/using-path-analysis-to-evaluate-the-healthcare-empowerment-model-among-persons-living-with-hiv-for-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence
#9
Jacob J van den Berg, Torsten B Neilands, Mallory O Johnson, Bing Chen, Parya Saberi
Healthcare empowerment (HCE) is patient controlled and includes the process and state of being engaged, informed, collaborative, committed, and tolerant of uncertainty. Understanding psychosocial factors that impact HCE for persons living with HIV is critical for their treatment and care. A sample of 1494 male and female participants living with HIV in the United States with a mean age of 45.6 (standard deviation = 11.4) completed a one-time online survey about their demographic characteristics, social support, healthcare provider relationship, HIV treatment knowledge, perceived HIV-related stigma, lifetime trauma, depressive symptoms, HCE, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence...
November 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847849/assessment-of-decisional-conflict-about-the-treatment-of-trigger-finger-comparing-patients-and-physicians
#10
Michiel G J S Hageman, Anne-Carolin Döring, Silke A Spit, Thierry G Guitton, David Ring
BACKGROUND: As an early step in the development of a decision aid for idiopathic trigger finger (TF) we were interested in the level of decisional conflict experienced by patients and hand surgeons. This study tested the null hypothesis that there is no difference in decisional conflict between patients with one or more idiopathic trigger fingers and hand surgeons. Secondary analyses address the differences between patients and surgeons regarding the influence of the DCS-subcategories on the level of decisional conflict, as well as the influence of patient and physician demographics, the level of self-efficacy, and satisfaction with care on decisional conflict...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836231/patient-satisfaction-e-health-and-the-evolution-of-the-patient-general-practitioner-relationship-evidence-from-an-italian-survey
#11
Sabina De Rosis, Sara Barsanti
BACKGROUND: Scientific and public interest in the use of the Internet for health-related purposes has grown considerably. Concerns regarding its impact on patient-doctor relationship and risks for patients have inflamed the debate. Literature provides scarce evidence in this field. This paper investigates whether a patient's decision to use the web also depends on previous experience and satisfaction with healthcare. METHOD: Statistical analyses were conducted using data from a survey of more than 1700 citizens in Tuscany (Italy)...
September 24, 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834606/the-missing-link-to-patient-engagement-in-italy
#12
Rocco Palumbo, Carmela Annarumma, Paola Adinolfi, Marco Musella
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss the changing patterns of users' behavior in the health care service system. Although patient engagement and health services' co-production are understood as essential ingredients in the recipe for sustainable health systems, some determinants to patient involvement are still widely neglected by both policy makers and health care professionals. Among others, inadequate health literacy performs as a significant barrier to patient empowerment. Design/methodology/approach A survey aimed at objectively measuring health literacy-related skills was administered to a random sample of 600 Italian patients...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821596/do-online-communities-change-power-processes-in-healthcare-using-case-studies-to-examine-the-use-of-online-health-communities-by-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Laura M Visser, Inge L Bleijenbergh, Yvonne W M Benschop, Allard C R Van Riel, Bastiaan R Bloem
OBJECTIVE: Communication technologies, such as personal online health communities, are increasingly considered as a tool to realise patient empowerment. However, little is known about the actual use of online health communities. Here, we investigated if and how patients' use of online communities supports patient empowerment. SETTING: A network of primary and secondary care providers around individual patients with Parkinson's disease. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted case studies to examine our research question...
November 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817747/it-s-a-long-shot-but-it-just-might-work-perspectives-on-the-future-of-medicine
#14
EDITORIAL
Paul Wicks, Matthew Hotopf, Vaibhav A Narayan, Ethan Basch, James Weatherall, Muir Gray
What does the future of medicine hold? We asked six researchers to share their most ambitious and optimistic views of the future, grounded in the present but looking out a decade or more from now to consider what's possible. They paint a picture of a connected and data-driven world in which patient value, patient feedback, and patient empowerment shape a continually learning system that ensures each patient's experience contributes to the improved outcome of every patient like them, whether it be through clinical trials, data from consumer devices, hacking their medical devices, or defining value in thoughtful new ways...
November 7, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810850/how-empowering-is-hospital-care-for-older-people-with-advanced-disease-barriers-and-facilitators-from-a-cross-national-ethnography-in-england-ireland-and-the-usa
#15
Lucy Ellen Selman, Barbara A Daveson, Melinda Smith, Bridget Johnston, Karen Ryan, R Sean Morrison, Caty Pannell, Regina McQuillan, Suzanne de Wolf-Linder, Steven Z Pantilat, Lara Klass, Diane Meier, Charles Normand, Irene J Higginson
BACKGROUND: patient empowerment, through which patients become self-determining agents with some control over their health and healthcare, is a common theme across health policies globally. Most care for older people is in the acute setting, but there is little evidence to inform the delivery of empowering hospital care. OBJECTIVE: we aimed to explore challenges to and facilitators of empowerment among older people with advanced disease in hospital, and the impact of palliative care...
November 3, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805500/addressing-holistic-health-and-work-empowerment-through-a-body-mind-spirit-intervention-program-among-helping-professionals-in-continuous-education-a-pilot-study
#16
Rainbow T H Ho, Cheuk Yan Sing, Venus P Y Wong
To examine the effectiveness of a body-mind-spirit (BMS) intervention program in improving the holistic well-being and work empowerment among helping professionals in continuous education. Forty-four helping professionals, who were in their first-year part-time postgraduate study, participated in the present study. All participants attended a 3-day BMS intervention program which emphasized a holistic approach to health and well-being. Ratings on their levels of physical distress, daily functioning, affect, spirituality, and psychological empowerment at work were compared before and immediately after the intervention...
November 2016: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797570/moral-distress-in-physicians-and-nurses-impact-on-professional-quality-of-life-and-turnover
#17
Cindy L Austin, Robert Saylor, Phillip J Finley
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate moral distress (MD) and turnover intent as related to professional quality of life in physicians and nurses at a tertiary care hospital. Method: Health care providers from a variety of hospital departments anonymously completed 2 validated questionnaires (Moral Distress Scale-Revised and Professional Quality of Life Scale). Compassion fatigue (as measured by secondary traumatic stress [STS] and burnout [BRN]) and compassion satisfaction are subscales which make up one's professional quality of life...
October 31, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791235/ethics-in-oncology-principles-and-responsibilities-declared-in-the-italian-ragusa-statement
#18
Stefania Gori, Carmine Pinto, Caterina Caminiti, Giuseppe Aprile, Paolo Marchetti, Francesco Perrone, Massimo Di Maio, Emanuela Omodeo Salè, Annamaria Mancuso, Maurizio De Cicco, Francesco Di Costanzo, Sergio Crispino, Rodolfo Passalacqua, Marco Merlano, Vittorina Zagonel, Luisa Fioretto, Giovanni Micallo, Roberto Labianca, Roberto Bordonaro, Alessandro Comandone, Sandro Spinsanti, Carmelo Iacono, Fabrizio Nicolis
Cancer care involves many ethical issues. The need for more patient-centered healthcare together with the improved empowerment of every person diagnosed with cancer have been transposed by the Italian Association of Medical Oncology (AIOM) and eventually translated in the Ragusa statement. This position paper describes the philosophy that lies beneath this document and its fundamental principles.
October 27, 2016: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789938/do-empowered-stroke-patients-perform-better-at-self-management-and-functional-recovery-after-a-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Janet Wh Sit, Sek Ying Chair, Kai Chow Choi, Carmen Wh Chan, Diana Tf Lee, Aileen Wk Chan, Jo Lk Cheung, Siu Wai Tang, Po Shan Chan, Ruth E Taylor-Piliae
BACKGROUND: Self-management after a stroke is a challenge because of multifaceted care needs and complex disabling consequences that cause further hindrance to patient participation. A 13-week stroke patient empowerment intervention (Health Empowerment Intervention for Stroke Self-management [HEISS]) was developed to enhance patients' ability to participate in self-management. PURPOSE: To examine the effects of the empowerment intervention on stroke patients' self-efficacy, self-management behavior, and functional recovery...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788697/innovation-and-pragmatism-required-to-reduce-seclusion-practices
#20
John Tully, Leo McSweeney, Katie-Lynn Harfield, Cindie Castle, Mrigendra Das
Seclusion may be harmful and traumatic to patients, detrimental to therapeutic relationships, and can result in physical injury to staff. Further, strategies to reduce seclusion have been identified as a potential method of improving cost-effectiveness of psychiatric services. However, developing alternative strategies to seclusion can be difficult. Interventions to reduce seclusion do not lend themselves to evaluation using randomized controlled trials (RCTs), though comprehensive literature reviews have demonstrated considerable non-RCT evidence for interventions to reduce seclusion in psychiatric facilities...
October 28, 2016: CNS Spectrums
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