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Hidenobu Hashimoto, Yoshimitsu Fukushima, Shin-Ichiro Kumita, Takeshi Tomiyama, Tomonari Kiriyama
Quantification of myocardial flow reserve (MFR) provides diagnostic value for detection of cardiovascular artery disease. However, the common calculation method for MFR requires dynamic acquisition and specific software. The study aimed to predict coronary artery disease by simpler calculation of myocardial count without the use of dynamic data from13 N-ammonia myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography (MP-PET). This study included 40 consecutive patients suspected of ischemic heart disease and 7 healthy controls (34 men and 13 women, 66 ± 12 years)...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Samuel Pinelli, Nelly Agrinier, Nidhal Bouchahda, Pierre Adrien Metzdorf, Edoardo Camenzind, Batric Popovic
AIMS: To assess both epicardiac macrovascular as well as microvascular and tissue reperfusion following different intravenous preadmission antithrombotic strategies prior primary PCI in STEMI patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive STEMI patients (n = 488) undergoing pPCI received prehospitally either bivalirudin (n = 179), bivalirudin and periprocedural GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPI) (n = 109), heparin (n = 99) or heparin and periprocedural GPI (n = 101)...
February 27, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Mazin Merdad, Nitin Bhatia, Elie E Rebeiz
Our objectives were to review our experience with laser-assisted diverticulotomy (LAD) in the treatment of Zenker diverticulum (ZD) and compare our results with those in published literature on other endoscopic and surgical techniques. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 57 patients who underwent LAD treatment of ZD in a single tertiary care institution. Data on surgical complications, length of stay, and follow-up were collected. Age ranged from 56 to 89 years. Endoscopic exposure of the diverticulum was not possible in 2 patients...
March 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Emrah Ermis, Serkan Kahraman, Hakan Ucar, Samir Allahverdiyev
Right coronary artery (RCA) originating from the left coronary system is a subtype of single coronary artery (SCA) anomaly, and the origin of RCA as a branch from the left anterior descending artery (LAD) is a very rare variant. A 55-year-old male who had a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) history was hospitalized due to acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography revealed an aberrant RCA originating from the mid-LAD as well as stent thrombosis. A successful PCI was performed and he was discharged from the hospital three days after the PCI...
February 2018: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
Hasan Qayyum, Sherif Hemaya, Justin Squires, Zulfiquar Adam
The de Winter ECG pattern is associated with proximal left anterior descending artery occlusion, being a significant risk factor for anterior wall ST elevation myocardial infarction. We present a case of a patient who attended our Emergency Department with chest pain and a prehospital ECG demonstrating transient infero-lateral lead ST segment elevation, which changed to the de Winter ECG pattern in our Emergency Department. She subsequently underwent primary PCI of the culprit lesion within the left anterior descending artery (LAD)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
Domenico Umberto De Rose, Silvia Giliani, Lucia Dora Notarangelo, Vassilios Lougaris, Arnalda Lanfranchi, Daniele Moratto, Baldassarre Martire, Fernando Specchia, Alberto Tommasini, Alessandro Plebani, Raffaele Badolato
Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency type 1 (LAD-1) is a rare primary immunodeficiency due to mutations in the gene encoding for the common β-chain of the β2 integrin family (CD18). Herein, we describe clinical manifestations and long-term complications of eight LAD-1 patients. Four LAD-1 patients were treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), while the remaining four, including two with moderate LAD-1 deficiency, received continuous antibiotic prophylaxis. Untreated patients presented numerous infections and autoimmune manifestations...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Jiannan Dai, Lei Xing, Haibo Jia, Yinchun Zhu, Shaotao Zhang, Sining Hu, Lin Lin, Lijia Ma, Huimin Liu, Maoen Xu, Xuefeng Ren, Huai Yu, Lulu Li, Yanan Zou, Shaosong Zhang, Gary S Mintz, Jingbo Hou, Bo Yu
Aims: Plaque erosion is a significant substrate of acute coronary thrombosis. This study sought to determine in vivo predictors of plaque erosion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results: A prospective series of 822 STEMI patients underwent pre-intervention optical coherence tomography. Using established diagnostic criteria, 209 had plaque erosion (25.4%) and 564 had plaque rupture (68.6%). Plaque erosion was more frequent in women <50 years when compared with those ≥50 years of age (P = 0...
March 13, 2018: European Heart Journal
Kang An, Hang Yin, Ju Mei, Jiaquan Zhu, Min Tang
OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively analysed data from non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) patients who underwent minimally invasive surgical AF ablation at our centre. Our purpose was to explore the atrial endocardial expression of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and thrombomodulin (TM) and their association with rhythm results after the procedure. METHODS: From January 2014 to May 2015, 60 patients underwent minimally invasive surgical AF ablation at our centre. Left atrial appendage samples were obtained during the procedure and immunohistochemistry for endocardial markers including vWF and TM was performed and semi-quantitatively graded...
March 14, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Weiwei Chen, Jiajia An, Jiwei Guo, Yan Wu, Lijuan Yang, Juanjuan Dai, Kaikai Gong, Shuang Miao, Sichuan Xi, Jing Du
PURPOSE: Sodium selenite (SS) has been widely reported to induce apoptosis in various cancer cell types. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms governing SS-mediated repression of lung cancer stem cells remain largely undefined. METHODS: In vitro assays of cell proliferation, clonal formation, apoptosis, migration and cancer stemness cell sphere formation were performed to examine the inhibitory effects of SS on lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) cells with or without the overexpression of SRY-related high-mobility-group box 2 (SOX2)...
March 15, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Jun Shiraishi, Nariko Koshi, Yuki Matsubara, Tetsuro Nishimura, Akira Shikuma, Keisuke Shoji, Daisuke Ito, Masayoshi Kimura, Eigo Kishita, Yusuke Nakagawa, Masayuki Hyogo, Takahisa Sawada
BACKGROUND: Experiences of rotational atherectomy (RA) followed by drug-coated balloon (DCB) dilation alone (RA/DCB) for de novo coronary artery lesion have been limited. CASE SERIES: Case 1 (65 year-old male) with silent myocardial ischemia and hemodialysis had old anterior myocardial infarction and intact LM/LCx, and underwent RA/DCB against a diffuse calcified lesion in the proximal LAD and a tandem lesion in the proximal RCA. Case 2 (88 year-old female) with post-infarction unstable angina had severe thrombocytopenia and anemia due to myelodysplastic syndrome (platelet 6000/μL, hemoglobin 8...
February 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Desiree L Dräger, Martin Heuschkel, Chris Protzel, Andreas Erbersdobler, Bernd J Krause, Oliver W Hakenberg, Sarah M Schwarzenböck
AIM: Accurate staging of penile cancer requires invasive methods such as sentinel node biopsy or lymphadenectomy (LAD). We assessed the value of [18 F]FDG PET/CT for non-invasive nodal staging in penile cancer (PC) patients before inguinal LAD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 41 consecutive patients with PC (stage pT1 or higher, cN0) received [18 F]FDG PET/CT before undergoing bilateral modified or radical inguinal staging LAD. Lymph nodes with a visually increased [18 F]FDG uptake were classified as suspicious of lymph node metastases (LNM)...
February 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Ezequiel Nazer, Ryan K Dale, Madoka Chinen, Behram Radmanesh, Elissa P Lei
Drosophila Argonaute2 (AGO2) has been shown to regulate expression of certain loci in an RNA interference (RNAi)-independent manner, but its genome-wide function on chromatin remains unknown. Here, we identified the nuclear scaffolding protein LaminB as a novel interactor of AGO2. When either AGO2 or LaminB are depleted in Kc cells, similar transcription changes are observed genome-wide. In particular, changes in expression occur mainly in active or potentially active chromatin, both inside and outside LaminB-associated domains (LADs)...
March 12, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Rui Zhang, Dan Han, Zhenyu Li, Chengwu Shen, Yahui Zhang, Jun Li, Genquan Yan, Shasha Li, Bo Hu, Jiangbing Li, Ping Liu
Increasing evidence shows that inflammation plays a vital role in the occurrence and development of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Suppression of excessive inflammation can ameliorate impaired cardiac function, which shows therapeutic potential for clinical treatment of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) diseases. In this study, we investigated whether Ginkgolide C (GC), a potent anti-inflammatory flavone, extenuated MI/R injury through inhibition of inflammation. In vivo , rats with the occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery were applied to mimic MI/R injury...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Zhenjun Liu, Pei Zhao, Yuping Han, Song Lu
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) have been reported to play important roles in tumorigenesis. In present study, we demonstrated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) FEZF1 antisense RNA1 (FEZF1-AS1) is markedly upregulated in human lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) tissues, cell lines and associated with poor prognosis. Loss-of-function revealed that deletion of FEZF1-AS1 expression significantly inhibited the LAD cells proliferation, invasion and migration. Further studies revealed that downregulation of FEZF1-AS1 reduced mRNA and protein expression of its sense-cognate gene FEZF1 (forebrain embryonic zinc finger protein 1) in LAD cells, and vice versa...
March 6, 2018: Oncology Research
Yemei He, Baixue Zhang, Fang Zhu, Zheyu Hu, Jia Zhong, Wenhui Zhu
AIMS: Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) commonly recurs after radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA). This study aimed to assess left atrial appendage (LAA) volume and function by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and to explore its value in predicting PAF recurrence after RFCA. METHODS: Eighty patients with PAF were recruited. The left atrial (LA) and LAA volume and function were measured by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and TEE before ablation...
March 6, 2018: Echocardiography
Q-H Li, Q Zhang, X-L Li, J-F Yin, H-G Ji
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the plaque distribution and composition pattern in the left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease using intracoronary ultrasound. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Intravascular ultrasound data of 50 patients from the January 2010 to December 2015 with significant LMCA bifurcation lesions, with angiographic diameter stenosis >50%, and requiring revascularization, were evaluated. Plaque burden and percentage of necrotic core (% NC) at the minimal lumen area site and maximal % NC site were measured in different segments...
February 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Mark Flower, James Harvey, Jonathan Hunter
An 84-year-old male Jehovah's Witness presented to the emergency department 1 hour after onset of left facial droop and left upper limb weakness. Thrombolytic stroke treatment was commenced as per local thrombolytic protocol with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) at 2 hours and 25 min following onset of symptoms. Almost immediately after rtPA infusion the patient reported chest pain and had ECG changes consistent with a diagnosis of anterior ST elevation myocardial infarction...
March 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Eleonora M Lad, Sally S Ong, Alan D Proia
Purpose: To describe the ophthalmic symptoms and histopathological findings in a human case of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). Observations: The patient was a septuagenarian male whose presentation and clinical course were thought to be most consistent with viral meningoencephalitis. ELISA suggested recent infection with EEE virus. Microscopic analysis of the brain demonstrated perivascular lymphohistiocytic cuffing which was consistent with viral type encephalitis...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
Shams Y-Hassan
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) and takotsubo syndrome (TS) are two cardiovascular syndromes with predilection for women. Both conditions may be preceded by an emotional stress or, for the affected individual, an unusual severe physical exercise. "Restitution ad integrum" occurs in most cases suffering from SCAD or TS with complete angiographic resolution of the dissected vessel and left ventricular dysfunction respectively. Recently, many cases, which were initially diagnosed as TS because of typical left ventricular ballooning pattern showed to have SCAD, have been reported; these cases were deemed to be "SCAD misdiagnosed as TS"...
February 8, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Wenjiao Zhao, Guihua Lu, Li Liu, Zhishan Sun, Mingxin Wu, Wenyan Yi, Haiyan Chen, Yanhui Li, Lilong Tang, Jianping Zeng
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the use of the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with the SAN-Atrial-AVN-His (SAAH) ECG (Model PHS-A10), a new automated and integrated signals recognition system that detects micro-waveforms within the P, QRS, and T-wave, in a pig model of acute myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIAL AND METHODS Six medium-sized domestic Chinese pigs underwent general anesthesia, and an angioplasty balloon was placed and dilated for 120 minutes in the first diagonal coronary artery arising from the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery...
March 4, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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