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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353202/analisi-comparativa-dei-profili-di-personalit%C3%A3-di-pazienti-affetti-da-disturbo-borderline-e-detenuti-con-diagnosi-di-disturbo-antisociale-di-personalit%C3%A3-ottenuti-tramite-l-mmpi-2
#1
Gian Paolo Mazzoni, Bastianina Contena, Susanna Fanciullacci, Andrea Pozza
Scopo. Nel disturbo borderline di personalità (DBP), i comportamenti violenti e aggressivi sono spesso presenti tanto che sarebbero un segnale prodromico del DBP e segnerebbero un'importante sovrapposizione con il disturbo antisociale di personalità (DAP). Nonostante le differenze cliniche tra i due quadri, tali sovrapposizioni potrebbero inficiare l'uso di strumenti di valutazione come il Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), tanto che alcuni autori hanno evidenziato come questo strumento, pur utile per individuare i soggetti con un disturbo di personalità, debba essere usato cautamente per differenziare tra DBP e DAP...
September 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004036/eus-guided-gastroenterostomy-for-afferent-loop-syndrome-treatment-stent
#2
Dina Chaaro Benallal, Solene Hoibian, Fabrice Caillol, Erwan Bories, Christian Presenti, Jean Phillippe Ratone, Marc Giovannini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2018: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912219/pharmacological-treatment-for-dual-diagnosis-a-literature-update-and-a-proposal-of-intervention
#3
Mario Vitali, Martino Mistretta, Giovanni Alessandrini, Giovanna Coriale, Marina Romeo, Fabio Attilia, Claudia Rotondo, Francesca Sorbo, Fabiola Pisciotta, Maria Luisa Attilia, Mauro Ceccanti
Background: It has long been appreciated that alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with increased risk of psychiatric disorder. As well, people with history of mental disorder are more likely to develop lifetime AUD. Nevertheless, the treatment of dual diagnosis (DD) in alcohol addiction still remains a challenge. The efficacy of pharmacological treatment for these patients has been widely investigated with controversial results. Patients with untreated psychiatric disorder are at higher risk to return to drinking and tend to do so more quickly...
May 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912214/pharmacological-treatment-of-alcohol-use-disorder-scientific-evidence
#4
Fabio Attilia, Roberta Perciballi, Claudia Rotondo, Ida Capriglione, Silvia Iannuzzi, Maria Luisa Attilia, Mario Vitali, Giovanni Alessandrini, Maria Concetta Marcella Scamporrino, Marco Fiore, Mauro Ceccanti
Pharmacological treatment of alcohol use disorder represents an essential core of the therapeutic project in a multidisciplinary approach. While non-drug treatment is evolving, from a medical perspective few pharmacotherapies are available; in particular acamprosate, naltrexone and more recently nalmefene among anticraving drugs, disulfiram as an antidipsotropic medication. New studies are focusing on off-label drugs. Moreover, scientific evidence has to support any therapeutic indication which should be tailored on patient needs and comorbidity by considering the individual bio-psycho-social profile...
May 2018: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694489/speech-language-therapy-program-for-mouth-opening-in-patients-with-oral-and-oropharyngeal-cancer-undergoing-adjuvant-radiotherapy-a-pilot-study
#5
Caroline Somera Marrafon, Leandro Luongo Matos, Marcia Simões-Zenari, Claudio Roberto Cernea, Katia Nemr
Purpose Assess the effectiveness of an orofacial myofunctional therapeutic program in patients with oral or oropharyngeal cancer submitted to adjuvant radiotherapy through pre- and post-program comparison of maximum mandibular opening. Methods Prospective study involving five adult patients and five elderly patients postoperatively to oral cavity/oropharynx surgery who were awaiting the beginning of radiotherapy or had undergone fewer than five treatment sessions. The study participants had their maximum jaw opening measured using a sliding caliper at the beginning and end of the program...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101666/laparoscopic-appendectomy-vs-antibiotic-therapy-for-acute-appendicitis-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis-from-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gaetano Poillucci, Lorenzo Mortola, Mauro Podda, Salomone Di Saverio, Laura Casula, Chiara Gerardi, Nicola Cillara, Luigi Presenti
Acute appendicitis (AA) is among the most common causes of acute lower abdominal pain leading patients to the emergency department. Significant debate remains on whether AA should be operated or not. A propensity score-matched analysis was performed in seven Italian Hospitals, with the aim to assess safety and feasibility both nonoperative management with antibiotics (AT) and surgical therapy with appendectomy (ST) for patients with AA. Data regarding all patients discharged from the participating centers with a diagnosis of appendicitis from January 1st, 2014 to December 31st, 2014 were collected retrospectively...
December 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924356/reproducibility-of-schatzker-classification-through-smartphone-applications
#7
Mauro Rodrigues Dos Santos, Junichiro Sado, Roberto Medeiros de Sousa, Osman Rodrigues Roriz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intra-observer reproducibility of Schatzker classification for tibial plateau fractures through smartphone applications. METHODS: Radiographs were evaluated in two incidences (anteroposterior and profile) and CT slices (axial, sagittal and coronal) of 37 patients with tibial plateau fracture. Two evaluators, knee surgery experts, classified the cases by viewing the images of the isolated radiographs and then X-rays associated with CT slices in four different stages via smartphones and then presential assessment...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631774/-il-ruolo-di-niraparib-nel-trattamento-del-carcinoma-ovarico-attualit%C3%A3-e-prospettive
#8
Ilaria Sabatucci, Domenica Lorusso
Riassunto. I PARP inibitori interferiscono con la riparazione del danno nella singola elica del DNA determinando una progressione del difetto nella doppia elica. In circa il 50% delle pazienti con carcinoma dell'ovaio sieroso di alto grado sono presenti difetti nei meccanismi di ricombinazione omologa, deputati alla riparazione del danno della doppia elica del DNA. L'incapacità di riparare il danno si traduce nella morte cellulare, un processo definito "letalità sintetica". Nella famiglia dei PARP inibitori il niraparib è stato il primo a essere approvato dalla FDA nel trattamento delle pazienti con carcinoma ovarico ricorrente indipendentemente dalla presenza o assenza di mutazioni BRCA...
June 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492589/-marcato-aumento-delle-concentrazioni-di-procalcitonina-dopo-idroclorotiazide-edema-polmonare-indotta
#9
Eleni Rebelos, Alessandro Cipriano, Alessio Maffei, Gaetano Diricatti, Massimo Santini
INTRODUCTION: In the Medline database there are approximately 60 cases reporting toxic pulmonary edema, a life-threatening event, induced after consumption of hydrochlorothiazide, one of the most common antihypertensive drugs. Moreover, increased procalcitonin concentrations have been reported after cardiogenic pulmonary edema. We report the rare case of a hydrochlorothiazide-induced pulmonary edema, which was followed by a marked increase of the procalcitonin concentrations. CLINICAL CASE: A middle-aged woman was admitted to the Emergency Department for severe dyspnea and chills...
April 2017: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764928/-levels-of-trace-elements-in-the-fruits-and-vegetables-from-the-so-called-land-of-fires-in-campania-region-southern-italy
#10
Mauro Esposito, Stefania Cavallo, Guido Rosato, Eugenio Chiaravalle, Oto Miedico, Roberta Pellicanò, Vittorio Soprano, Loredana Baldi
INTRODUZIONE: una vasta area compresa tra le province di Napoli e Caserta nella regione Campania ha negli ultimi anni attirato l'attenzione dei mass media a causa degli interramenti illeciti di rifiuti di varia origine nei campi o del loro abbandono lungo le strade. A tali pratiche illecite si aggiunge il fenomeno dei roghi incontrollati di questo materiale, motivo per il quale la zona è stata soprannominata "Terra dei fuochi". OBIETTIVI: ricerca di elementi in tracce presenti nei prodotti alimentari di origine vegetale prodotti nella Terra dei fuochi...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764926/-atmospheric-non-methane-hydrocarbons-near-plants-of-crude-oil-first-treatment
#11
REVIEW
Elisa Bustaffa, Annamaria De Marinis Loiotile, Genoveffa Farella, Stefania Petraccone, Gianluigi De Gennaro, Fabrizio Bianchi
La continua espansione delle attività di perforazione ai fini dell'estrazione petrolifera in prossimità di aree abitate ha fatto sì che negli ultimi anni l'attenzione si focalizzasse sull'impatto di questo processo fortemente industrializzato sulla salute pubblica. Le comunità che vivono nei dintorni di impianti di questo tipo devono, infatti, fronteggiare diversi problemi, quali l'inquinamento atmosferico e acustico, la contaminazione del suolo e delle acque sotterranee, il traffico dei camion da e verso il sito, incidenti e malfunzionamenti all'interno dell'impianto...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346765/increasing-response-rates-on-face-to-face-surveys-with-indigenous-communities-in-canada-lessons-from-pictou-landing
#12
Diana Lewis, Heather Castleden, Sheila Francis, Kim Strickland, Colleen Denny
BACKGROUND: Designing an effective survey for gathering primary health data using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach in Indigenous communities in Canada has its challenges. Yet, the Pictou Landing First Nation (PFLN) Native Women's Group (NWG) and academic research partners achieved a 59% response rate. OBJECTIVES: To share lessons learned with both campus and community-based research teams engaged in CBPR involving Indigenous communities on the process of team development, and particularly survey development and execution, as well as the factors that led to a reliable and valid household level environmental health survey that achieved a 59% response rate...
2016: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26990297/genomic-characterization-of-phenylalanine-ammonia-lyase-gene-in-buckwheat
#13
Karthikeyan Thiyagarajan, Fabio Vitali, Valentina Tolaini, Patrizia Galeffi, Cristina Cantale, Prashant Vikram, Sukhwinder Singh, Patrizia De Rossi, Chiara Nobili, Silvia Procacci, Antonella Del Fiore, Alessandro Antonini, Ombretta Presenti, Andrea Brunori
Phenylalanine Ammonia Lyase (PAL) gene which plays a key role in bio-synthesis of medicinally important compounds, Rutin/quercetin was sequence characterized for its efficient genomics application. These compounds possessing anti-diabetic and anti-cancer properties and are predominantly produced by Fagopyrum spp. In the present study, PAL gene was sequenced from three Fagopyrum spp. (F. tataricum, F. esculentum and F. dibotrys) and showed the presence of three SNPs and four insertion/deletions at intra and inter specific level...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26834996/feeling-the-future-a-meta-analysis-of-90-experiments-on%C3%A2-the-anomalous-anticipation-of-random-future-events
#14
Daryl Bem, Patrizio Tressoldi, Thomas Rabeyron, Michael Duggan
In 2011, one of the authors (DJB) published a report of nine experiments in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology purporting to demonstrate that an individual's cognitive and affective responses can be influenced by randomly selected stimulus events that do not occur until after his or her responses have already been made and recorded, a generalized variant of the phenomenon traditionally denoted by the term precognition. To encourage replications, all materials needed to conduct them were made available on request...
2015: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26500600/investigating-expectation-effects-using-multiple-physiological-measures
#15
Alexander Siller, Wolfgang Ambach, Dieter Vaitl
The study aimed at experimentally investigating whether the human body can anticipate future events under improved methodological conditions. Previous studies have reported contradictory results for the phenomenon typically called presentiment. If the positive findings are accurate, they call into doubt our views about human perception, and if they are inaccurate, a plausible conventional explanation might be based on the experimental design of the previous studies, in which expectation due to item sequences was misinterpreted as presentiment...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25381278/vulnerability-and-mimicry-as-predictive-axes-in-cyberbullying
#16
Isabel Cuadrado-Gordillo, Inmaculada Fernández-Antelo
The co-occurrence of bullying and cyberbullying in a dual society like the present calls for specific measures of intervention to be able to forestall the emergence of new problems and slow the increase and diversification of violent behavior. This study's objective was to determine whether the gender of those involved as well as the forms of aggression experienced both in presential and virtual scenarios are predictive indicators of the violent behavior of aggressive-victims. The participant sample was 1,648 adolescents aged 12 to 16 years (48...
January 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25305054/-management-of-time-used-to-treat-the-chronic-patient-a-new-approach-to-improve-quality-of-health-care
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
O Martín Gordo, V Martín Moreno, D Agüero Orgaz, A Martín Fernández, E R Coaquira Condori, S Duce Tello
OBJECTIVE: Chronic disease is the main epidemic of the 21st century. It takes up a large part of the social-health budgets that are dedicated to its care. The aim of this study is to analyze if the welfare quality in the management of the chronic patients improves by implementing non-contact care time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intervention study conducted in the health care center of Orcasitas (January 2012 - September 2013) in patients with hypertension (357), diabetes (180) and/or ischemic heart disease (60)...
September 2014: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24974626/-is-the-brain-the-creator-of-psychic-phenomena-or-is-a-paradigm-shift-inevitable
#18
EDITORIAL
Ernesto Bonilla
Every day new scientific information is appearing that cannot be explained using the classical Newtonian model and is calling for the emergence of a new paradigm that would include the explanation of such phenomena as telepathy, clairvoyance, presentiment, precognition, out of the body experiences, psychic healing, after-death communication, near-death experiences and reincarnation. The materialist paradigm which considers the brain as the sole cause of consciousness and psychic phenomena has been challenged by a new paradigm that seems to demonstrate that there is not a cause-effect relationship between brain activity and psychic phenomena but only a correlation between them, since these phenomena can be experienced without the body and appear to have an extra-cerebral origin (cosmic field, cosmic consciousness?)...
June 2014: Investigación Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24768658/-healthy-heart-results-of-a-community-education-program-on-cardiovascular-health
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Rosa Madridejos Mora, Lourdes Majem Fabres, Helena Puig Acebal, Inma Sanz Latorre, Eva Llobet Traveset, Mar Arce Casas, Dolors Ruiz Morilla, Angel Mercadal Dalmau, Dani Pañart Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To improve the knowledge of the population about heart-healthy habits through a training program supplemented by a web site and community activities. DESIGN: A controlled clinical trial with intervention done through participation in the Cardiovascular Health Training Classroom (CHTC) LOCATION: A town of 80,000 inhabitants. PARTICIPANTS: HASH(0x4cff590) PATIENTS: both sexes, aged 55 to 70 years, with at least one cardiovascular risk factor (CVRF)...
November 2014: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24723870/predicting-the-unpredictable-critical-analysis-and-practical-implications-of-predictive-anticipatory-activity
#20
REVIEW
Julia A Mossbridge, Patrizio Tressoldi, Jessica Utts, John A Ives, Dean Radin, Wayne B Jonas
A recent meta-analysis of experiments from seven independent laboratories (n = 26) indicates that the human body can apparently detect randomly delivered stimuli occurring 1-10 s in the future (Mossbridge etal., 2012). The key observation in these studies is that human physiology appears to be able to distinguish between unpredictable dichotomous future stimuli, such as emotional vs. neutral images or sound vs. silence. This phenomenon has been called presentiment (as in "feeling the future"). In this paper we call it predictive anticipatory activity (PAA)...
2014: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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