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Robin Auld, Tina Loppacher, Shiho Rose, Andrew J Milat, Antonio Penna
BACKGROUND: Bridging the 'gap' between research evidence and the complexities of policy and practice is central to health improvement. The Translational Research Grants Scheme (TRGS) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, is a funding scheme aimed at reducing the time between research generation and translation to policy and practice. The TRGS is also an important part of NSW Health's efforts to harness and strengthen research capacity to improve health service delivery. METHODS: A document review and interviews (n = 12) with key stakeholders were undertaken following the first round of TRGS funding in November 2016...
September 27, 2018: Public Health Research & Practice
Youssef Fares, Jawad Fares, Moustafa M Kurdi, Mohamad A Bou Haidar
Background: Empirical studies that explore whether hospitals with physician leadership perform better than hospitals led by nonphysician managers are scarce. This study looks at the leaders currently being hired by hospitals in the Arab World and explores whether chief executive officers (CEOs) in hospitals ranked higher are typically physician leaders or nonphysician managers. Furthermore, we discuss whether physicians, especially neurosurgeons, are equipped to lead hospitals and healthcare institutions worldwide...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Peter F Surai, Ivan I Kochish
Natural antioxidants play important roles in maintaining chicken health, productive and reproductive performance of breeders, layers, rearing birds, and growing broilers. There is a wide range of antioxidant molecules in the body: vitamin E, carotenoids, selenium, ascorbic acid, coenzyme Q, carnitine, taurine, antioxidant enzymes, etc. In the body all antioxidants work together to create the antioxidant network called "antioxidant systems" with Se being the "chief-executive." Analysis of the current data on selenium roles in antioxidant defenses in poultry clearly showed its modulatory effect at the level of breeders, developing embryos, newly hatched chicks, and postnatal chickens...
October 27, 2018: Poultry Science
Miriam O'Sullivan, Gearoid Kearney
Barriers to accessibility are defined as 'factors in a person's environment that, through their absence or presence, limit functioning and create disability' [1]. There are four elements that are incorporated into this term which includes: physical environment, lack of assistive technology, attitudes of others and the lack of or restrictive services, systems and policies [1]. These barriers to accessibility are present for 13% of the Irish population. Many initiatives have been developed and implemented for people with physical disabilities; however, people with intellectual disabilities (ID) remain invisible...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Michelle Pannor Silver
ABSTRACTIn this qualitative study, I followed an approach to examine perceptions about retirement, using an interview guide informed by the life course perspective, among 26 men and women who had retired from positions as chief executive officers. Three key themes emerged: (1) the importance of productivity and networking as participants rose up the corporate ladder; (2) the sense of having a "best before" date and experiencing societal pressures to retire; and (3) struggles with feeling insignificant in retirement while desiring personal fulfillment through continued engagement in paid work...
October 29, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
Joan M Jasien, Melanie Bonner, Richard D'alli, Lyndsey Prange, Melissa Mclean, Monisha Sachdev, Julie Uchitel, Jennifer Ricano, Brian Smith, Mohamad A Mikati
AIM: To determine the neuropsychological abnormalities that occur in alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) and report on our experience in managing them. METHOD: Patients underwent evaluations according to our standardized AHC pathway. Data were entered into our prospective AHC database and then analyzed. RESULTS: Of the cohort of 25 consecutive patients (ages 15mo-42y), eight had initial chief complaints about cognition, 14 language, five attention, and 11 behavior...
October 26, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Saskia C van Gelderen, Marieke Zegers, Paul B Robben, Wilma Boeijen, Gert P Westert, Hub C Wollersheim
BACKGROUND: Audits are increasingly used for patient safety governance purposes. However, there is little insight into the factors that hinder or stimulate effective governance based on auditing. The aim of this study is to quantify the factors that influence effective auditing for hospital boards and executives. METHODS: A questionnaire of 32 factors was developed using influencing factors found in a qualitative study on effective auditing. Factors were divided into four categories...
October 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Lianne Jeffs
As part of the special focus on nursing leadership and quality improvement, I had the privilege of interviewing Chris Power (CP) chief executive officer of Canadian Patient Safety Institute (CPSI); Michael Villeneuve (MV) chief executive officer of the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA) and Judith Shamian (JS) past president International Council of Nurses (ICN) and former CNA president around their perspectives of our current context and their collective wisdom on key actions for nurse leaders to undertake to advance the quality and safety agenda in Canada and globally...
June 2018: Nursing Leadership
Andrea C Vial, Victoria L Brescoll, John F Dovidio
We investigated how gatekeepers sometimes arrive at discriminatory hiring selections to accommodate prejudiced third parties due to role demands (i.e., the "third-party prejudice effect"). Studies 1 and 2 show that individuals in charge of personnel decisions were significantly less likely to select a woman when a relevant third party (the chief executive officer of the company in Study 1; the "proposer" in an ultimatum game in Study 2) was prejudiced against women. Gatekeepers accommodate third-party prejudice in this way in order to avoid conflict in relations and task-related problems that would likely occur if the gatekeeper introduced a member of the target of prejudice into an organization...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Constantine Mavroudis, James K Kirklin, William M DeCampli
The history of the first 41 years of the Congenital Heart Surgeons Society (CHSS) was recorded in 2015 which chronicled the metamorphosis of a small informal meeting into a mature organization with bylaws, officers, committees, funded research, the Kirklin-Ashburn Fellowship, and a vision to become the premier organization of congenital heart surgery in North America. Chief among these transformations was the implementation and development of the CHSS Data Center. Member participation, fellowship education, and significant outcomes research have been the hallmark of the CHSS...
November 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Jonathan A Flug, Lisa M Ponce, Howard H Osborn, Clinton E Jokerst
The term never event in medicine was originally coined by Kenneth W. Kizer, MD, MPH, former chief executive officer of the National Quality Forum, to describe particularly shocking medical errors that should never occur, such as wrong-site surgery or death associated with introduction of a metallic object into the MRI area. With time, the National Quality Forum's list of never events, or "serious reportable events," has been expanded to include adverse events that are unambiguous, serious, and usually preventable...
October 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Julia Downing, Sue Boucher, Julia Ambler, Tracey Brand, Zodwa Sithole, Busi Nkosi, Michelle Meiring, Elizabeth Gwyther, Lorna Sithole, Barbara Steel, Alex Daniels
The International Children's Palliative Care Network (ICPCN) held its third international conference on children's palliative care in Durban, South Africa, from May 30 2018 to 2 June 2018. The conference-inspiration, innovation and integration-brought together 250 participants from 41 countries and was held in conjunction with local partners-Umduduzi Hospice Care for Children, Palliative Treatment for Children South Africa (Patch SA) and the Hospice and Palliative Care Association of South Africa. It built on national and global developments in palliative care such as its inclusion in Universal health coverage (UHC), the Lancet Commission report on pain and palliative care and the sustainable development goals (SDGs), and aimed to raise the profile of children's palliative care in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) and nationally...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Catherine D Darker, Gail H Nicolson, Aine Carroll, Joe M Barry
BACKGROUND: A major healthcare reform agenda in Ireland is underway which underpins the establishment of a series of National Clinical Programmes (NCPs), which aim to take an evidence based approach to improve quality, access and value. The current study aimed to determine the enablers and barriers to implementation of the NCPs. METHODS: A qualitative methodology advocated by the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework on conducting process evaluations of complex interventions guided this research...
September 24, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Tiina A Tuononen, Anna Liisa Suominen, Johanna Lammintakanen
Purpose The purpose of this paper was to study the career paths of leaders with a career background as a dentist from basic degree to chief or executive leadership positions and individual factors that influenced their decisions. Design/methodology/approach Semi-structured interview and a questionnaire were used to study 13 leaders using the structure of Edgar Schein's career anchor interview and career orientation inventory questionnaire. Theory-driven content analysis was used to analyze the data according to themes which included career paths, factors associated with job and career changes and thoughts about future careers...
October 1, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Shirley M Glynn, Linda M Richardson
The new Chief Executive Officer of the American Psychological Association (APA) Arthur C. Evans, Jr., Ph.D., has a long-standing career in public service and an ongoing commitment to public service psychology. Leadership of APA Division 18 (Psychologists in Public Service) recently interviewed Dr. Evans about his position at APA and his vision for public service psychology and its role in the U.S. health care system. Issues for discussion were selected by the Division's sections on community and state hospitals; criminal justice; police and public safety; psychologists in Indian country; serious mental illness/severe emotional disturbance; students; and veterans affairs...
September 17, 2018: Psychological Services
MariLou Prado-Inzerillo, Joanne T Clavelle, Joyce J Fitzpatrick
OBJECTIVE: Describe the relationship between leadership practices and engagement of chief nursing officers (CNOs) in Magnet® organizations. BACKGROUND: Transformational leadership practices and CNO engagement are vital in influencing nursing practice. METHODS: Magnet hospital CNOs were invited to participate in a quantitative descriptive study via an online survey published in 2 newsletters. RESULTS: The CNOs rated their leadership practices high across all dimensions; the top leadership practice of Magnet CNOs was enabling others to act...
October 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
Christine N Runyan
Earlier this year, Amazon, J. P. Morgan, and Berkshire Hathaway announced plans to launch a joint health care company with more than a million covered lives. Dr. Atul Gawande, the prominent Boston-based surgeon and health care thought leader, will become the first chief executive officer of this health care venture, with a mission to get the best results at the lowest costs and remain free from profit-making incentives and constraints. In this presidential column, the author explores what this has to do with the mission in the Collaborative Family Health care Association (CFHA) and the promulgation of integrated health care...
September 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Abi Rimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Susan Cobb, Kathleen Wolf, Christa Shine, Anne Jadwin
As part of the Magnet® application process, chief nurse executives (CNEs) are challenged to support the development, implementation, and evaluation of a Professional Practice Model (PPM) and include clinical nurses in this process. A focus group approach is a way to meet dual goals of evaluating the PPM and involving clinical nurses in the research process. The article describes how a focus group approach can be used effectively to identify themes and highlight the role of the CNE. In addition, the PPM resulted in revisions based on clinical nurse input...
September 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
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