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Tarun Mittal, Ashish Dey, Rahul Siddhartha, Abhilash Nali, Bimla Sharma, Vinod Malik
BACKGROUND: Pain following bariatric surgery can be quite troublesome and prolongs recovery. Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is a new regional anesthetic technique to reduce postoperative pain and is an important part of current analgesic regimen for many abdominal surgeries. The primary objective of our study was to assess the efficacy of the TAP block in controlling postoperative pain in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Secondary outcomes assessed in this study were postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), time to ambulate, readiness for discharge, and whether it leads to improved patient satisfaction...
June 4, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Tarun Mittal, Ashish Dey, Abhilash Nali, Sheikh Mohammad Taha Mustafa, Vinod K Malik
INTRODUCTION: Ischemia of the tip of the alimentary limb involving the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) is an unusual complication during Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Revision of the GJ may be needed to manage this complication. OBJECTIVES: We present a case of inadvertent perforation of the jejunum by a gastric calibration tube, which was recognized on the table and appropriate measures are then taken. Repair of this enterotomy however then led to ischemia of the tip of alimentary limb extending to a portion of the GJ anastomosis...
March 13, 2018: Obesity Surgery
Dario Nalis, Astrid Schütz, Alexander Pastukhov
In win-win solutions, all parties benefit more from the solution than they would if they each pursued their own individual goals. Such solutions are beneficial at individual and collective levels and thus represent optimal solutions. Win-win solutions are desirable but often difficult to find. To allow the study of individual differences and situational factors that help or hinder the detection of win-win solutions, we created a paradigm that fills a gap in the repertoire of psychological instruments used to assess collaboration, cooperation, negotiation, and prosocial behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Giacomo Lorenzini, Cristina Nali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Timur M Rvachov, Hyungmok Son, Juliana J Park, Pascal M Notz, Tout T Wang, Martin W Zwierlein, Wolfgang Ketterle, Alan O Jamison
We perform photoassociation spectroscopy in an ultracold 23 Na-6 Li mixture to study the c3 Σ+ excited triplet molecular potential. We observe 50 vibrational states and their substructure to an accuracy of 20 MHz, and provide line strength data from photoassociation loss measurements. An analysis of the vibrational line positions using near-dissociation expansions and a full potential fit is presented. This is the first observation of the c3 Σ+ potential, as well as photoassociation in the NaLi system.
February 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Timur M Rvachov, Hyungmok Son, Juliana J Park, Sepehr Ebadi, Martin W Zwierlein, Wolfgang Ketterle, Alan O Jamison
We employ two-photon spectroscopy to study the vibrational states of the triplet ground state potential (a3 Σ+ ) of the 23 Na6 Li molecule. Pairs of Na and Li atoms in an ultracold mixture are photoassociated into an excited triplet molecular state, which in turn is coupled to vibrational states of the triplet ground potential. Vibrational state binding energies, line strengths, and potential fitting parameters for the triplet ground a3 Σ+ potential are reported. We also observe rotational splitting in the lowest vibrational state...
February 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yusheng Deng, Jianping Liang, Yinan Zong, Ping Yu, Runsheng Xie, Yangfeng Guo, Zhen Wang, Nali Deng, Yanhui Gao, Yi Jiang, Yi Yang, Jiewen Yang, Li Liu
In Guangzhou, China, whether the trend of a decreasing pubertal age has continued in recent years remained unknown, and the association between obesity and early puberty was still controversial. Herein, we conducted a serial cross-sectional study using data from physical fitness surveillance (2005-2012), to determine the recent trends in age at spermarche and menarche among students in Guangzhou, and to investigate whether elevated BMI modified timing of spermarche and menarche. This study included 1,278,258 urban students...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
B J D Tékpa, H C Diemer, P A Issa Mapouka, V Ndoma Ngatchokpo, B Gassima, M N Nali
The authors examined mortality during road traffic accidents (RTAs) to propose solutions for their prevention. This descriptive prospective study took place over a 12-month period (June 1, 2011, to May 30, 2012) and included all fatalities from RTAs brought to selected hospitals. These RTA fatalities were studied in the morgues and selected sites. An autopsy was conducted for each victim to clarify the cause of death. An injury severity score (ISS) was also calculated for each victim. The data were analyzed with Epi-Info 2008...
November 1, 2017: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Shinuo Cao, Nali Du, Heming Chen, Yu Pang, Zhaoxia Zhang, Jun Zheng, Honglin Jia
Caseinolytic peptidase B (ClpB) plays a pivotal role in suppressing and reversing protein aggregation. Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular parasitic protozoan that infects a wide variety of mammals and birds and therefore is exposed to a broad range of living condition. We screened ToxoDB ( and identified 10 putative T. gondii genes encoding members of the Clp superfamily of caseinolytic proteases and chaperones. Of these, we focused on characterizing the Class I ATP-dependent molecular chaperones Tg ClpB1, Tg ClpB2, and Tg ClpB3...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
Lorenzo Cotrozzi, John J Couture, Jeannine Cavender-Bares, Clayton C Kingdon, Beth Fallon, George Pilz, Elisa Pellegrini, Cristina Nali, Philip A Townsend
Drought frequency is predicted to increase in future environments. Leaf water potential (ΨLW) is commonly used to evaluate plant water status, but traditional measurements can be logistically difficult and require destructive sampling. We used reflectance spectroscopy to characterize variation in ΨLW of Quercus oleoides Schltdl. & Cham. under differential water availability and tested the ability to predict pre-dawn ΨLW (PDΨLW) using spectral data collected hours after pressure chamber measurements on dark-acclimated leaves...
November 1, 2017: Tree Physiology
Margherita G De Biasi, Rosita Marabottini, Anna Rita Paolacci, Mario Ciaffi, Cristina Nali, Giacomo Lorenzini, Maurizio Badiani
Seedlings of durum wheat [Triticum turgidum subsp. durum (Desf.) Husn] were exposed to zinc nutrition and to ozone (O3 ) in a factorial combination: adequate (+Zn treatment) or no Zn (-Zn) in the nutrient solution, followed by exposure to either ozone-free air (filtered air, FA) or to 150 nL L-1 ozone (O3 ) for 4 h. Although omitting Zn from the nutrient solution failed to impose a genuine Zn deficiency, -Zn*FA durum wheat seedlings showed a typical deficiency behaviour, i.e. Zn mobilisation from root to shoot...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Yinan Zong, Runsheng Xie, Nali Deng, Li Liu, Weiqing Tan, Yanhui Gao, Jiewen Yang, Yi Yang
Childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity are increasing in China, but limited information is available on its secular trends in Guangzhou. In this cross-sectional study, ten-wave successive data were obtained from the physical fitness surveillance for students in Guangzhou from 2003 to 2012. A total of 2,619,154 urban students aged 7-18 years were included. The age-standardized prevalence of overweight and obesity increased significantly over the period: overweight rose from 10.15% to 14.07% in boys and 6...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Andrea Vannini, Luca Paoli, Sara Ceccarelli, Sergio Sorbo, Adriana Basile, Vincenzo Carginale, Cristina Nali, Giacomo Lorenzini, Mario Pica, Stefano Loppi
The physiological and ultrastructural effects induced by acute exposure to ozone (O3 ) were investigated in the lichen Xanthoria parietina. Our working hypothesis was that parietin content and hydration of the thalli may play a role in the modulation of the effects of O3 exposure. Four batches of X. parietina samples, dry and wet, with (P+) and without (P-) parietin, were fumigated for 1 h with 3 ppm O3 . The effects of O3 were assessed immediately after the fumigation and after one week of recovery under controlled conditions...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lorenzo Cotrozzi, Philip A Townsend, Elisa Pellegrini, Cristina Nali, John J Couture
The Mediterranean basin can be considered a hot spot not only in terms of climate change (CC) but also for air quality. Assessing the impact of CC and air pollution on ecosystem functions is a challenging task, and adequate monitoring techniques are needed. This paper summarizes the present knowledge on the use of reflectance spectroscopy for the evaluation of the effects of air pollution on plants. First, the history of this technique is outlined. Next, we describe the vegetation reflectance spectrum, how it can be scaled from leaf to landscape levels, what information it contains, and how it can be exploited to understand plant and ecosystem functions...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Venkata S Meka, Manprit K G Sing, Mallikarjuna R Pichika, Srinivasa R Nali, Venkata R M Kolapalli, Prashant Kesharwani
Global research on polyelectrolytes at a fundamental and applied level is intensifying because the advantages of sustainability are being accepted in academia and industrial research settings. During recent decades, polyelectrolytes became one of the most attractive subjects of scientific research owing to their great potential in the areas of advanced technologies. Polyelectrolytes are a type of polymer that have multitudinous ionizable functional groups. Ionized polyelectrolytes in solution can form a complex with oppositely charged polyelectrolytes - a polyelectrolyte complex (PEC)...
July 3, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
Lorenzo Cotrozzi, Elisa Pellegrini, Lucia Guidi, Marco Landi, Giacomo Lorenzini, Rossano Massai, Damiano Remorini, Mariagrazia Tonelli, Alice Trivellini, Paolo Vernieri, Cristina Nali
Understanding the interactions between drought and acute ozone (O3) stress in terms of signaling molecules and cell death would improve the predictions of plant responses to climate change. The aim was to investigate whether drought stress influences the responses of plants to acute episodes of O3 exposure. In this study, the behavior of 84 Mediterranean evergreen Quercus ilex plants was evaluated in terms of cross-talk responses among signaling molecules. Half of the sample was subjected to drought (20% of the effective daily evapotranspiration, for 15 days) and was later exposed to an acute O3 exposure (200 nL L(-1) for 5 h)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Ming Wang, Shinuo Cao, Nali DU, Jiawen Fu, Zhaoran Li, Honglin Jia, Mingxin Song
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite of phylum Apicomplexa. To facilitate high-efficiency invasion of host cells, T. gondii secretes various proteins related to the moving junction (MJ) complex from rhoptries and micronemes into the interface between the parasite and host. AMA1/RON2/4/5/8 is an important MJ complex, but its mechanism of assembly remains unclear. In this study, we used the CRISPR-Cas9 system to generate a derivative of T. gondii strain RH with a null mutation in TgRON4, thought to be an essential MJ component...
September 2017: Parasitology
Stefano Bertuzzi, Elisa Pellegrini, Fabio Candotto Carniel, Guido Incerti, Giacomo Lorenzini, Cristina Nali, Mauro Tretiach
Tropospheric ozone (O3 ) causes severe damage to many vascular plants but not to lichens. It was recently suggested that this may be due to their high levels of natural defences against the oxidative bursts associated to their fluctuating water content. In this study, the combined effects of watering regime (with or without a daily spray of distilled water), air relative humidity (20 ± 5 vs. 80 ± 5% RH) and O3 (250 vs. 0 ppb, 5 h day-1 for 2 weeks) were monitored in two chlorolichens with different ecology, Parmotrema perlatum and Xanthoria parietina...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Lorenzo Cotrozzi, Damiano Remorini, Elisa Pellegrini, Lucia Guidi, Cristina Nali, Giacomo Lorenzini, Rossano Massai, Marco Landi
The predicted effects of global change (GC) will be exacerbated in the more densely populated cities of the future, especially in the Mediterranean basin where some environmental cues, such as drought and tropospheric ozone (O3 ) pollution, already mine seriously plant survival. Physiological and biochemical responses of a Mediterranean, evergreen, isohydric plant species (Quercus ilex) were compared to those of a sympatric, deciduous, anisohydric species (Q. pubescens) under severe drought (20% of the effective daily evapotranspiration) and/or chronic O3 exposure (80 ppb for 5 h day-1 for 28 consecutive days) to test which one was more successful in those highly limiting conditions...
March 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Camila Aparecida de Carvalho, Dennis Minoru Fujita, Luiz Henrique da Silva Nali, Heitor Franco de Andrade Júnior, Roberto Mitsuyoshi Hiramoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
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