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journal of athletic training

Elaine C Lee, Maren S Fragala, Stavros A Kavouras, Robin M Queen, John Luke Pryor, Douglas J Casa
Biomarker discovery and validation is a critical aim of the medical and scientific community. Research into exercise and diet-related biomarkers aims to improve health, performance, and recovery in military personnel, athletes, and lay persons. Exercise physiology research has identified individual biomarkers for assessing health, performance, and recovery during exercise training. However, there are few recommendations for biomarker panels for tracking changes in individuals participating in physical activity and exercise training programs...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
(no author information available yet)
Congratulations to the winners of the 2016 Outstanding Manuscript Awards, as determined by the Editorial Board and the Editors of the Journal of Athletic Training.
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
Emmet Crowley, Andrew J Harrison, Mark Lyons
BACKGROUND: The majority of propulsive forces in swimming are produced from the upper body, with strong correlations between upper body strength and sprint performance. There are significant gaps in the literature relating to the impact of resistance training on swimming performance, specifically the transfer to swimming performance. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic literature review are to (1) explore the transfer of resistance-training modalities to swimming performance, and (2) examine the effects of resistance training on technical aspects of swimming...
May 12, 2017: Sports Medicine
Natalia Romero-Franco, Pedro Jiménez-Reyes, Adrián Castaño-Zambudio, Fernando Capelo-Ramírez, Juan José Rodríguez-Juan, Jorge González-Hernández, Francisco Javier Toscano-Bendala, Víctor Cuadrado-Peñafiel, Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández
The purpose of this study was to assess validity and reliability of sprint performance outcomes measured with an iPhone application (named: MySprint) and existing field methods (i.e. timing photocells and radar gun). To do this, 12 highly trained male sprinters performed 6 maximal 40-m sprints during a single session which were simultaneously timed using 7 pairs of timing photocells, a radar gun and a newly developed iPhone app based on high-speed video recording. Several split times as well as mechanical outputs computed from the model proposed by Samozino et al...
May 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
Jamie Douglas, Simon Pearson, Angus Ross, Mike McGuigan
BACKGROUND: Resistance training is an integral component of physical preparation for athletes. A growing body of evidence indicates that eccentric strength training methods induce novel stimuli for neuromuscular adaptations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of eccentric training in comparison to concentric-only or traditional (i.e. constrained by concentric strength) resistance training. METHODS: Searches were performed using the electronic databases MEDLINE via EBSCO, PubMed and SPORTDiscus via EBSCO...
May 2017: Sports Medicine
Joanie Jackson, Amanda Clark, Lindsey Pearse, Elizabeth A Miller, Heather Stanfield, Christopher J L Cunningham
America's aging population needs interprofessional health care providers committed to providing high-quality, patient-centered care. Considering the often negative attitudes held by health care students about older adults and the impact that can have on their care, it is important to explore factors that influence student attitudes and desire to provide geriatric care. Five hundred seventy-two students pursuing nursing, physical therapy, athletic training, dietetics, and social work degrees were surveyed. Students reported demographic factors, amount of contact with older adults, how rewarding that contact had been, and confidence and interest in working with older adults...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT: Research suggests that women do not pursue leadership positions in athletic training due to a variety of reasons, including family challenges, organizational constraints, and reluctance to hold the position. The literature has been focused on the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I setting, limiting our full understanding. OBJECTIVE: To examine factors that help women as they worked toward the position of head athletic trainer. DESIGN: Qualitative study...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
E M P Backx, M Tieland, K Maase, A K Kies, M Mensink, L J C van Loon, L C P G M de Groot
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Dutch athletes and to define the required dosage of vitamin D3 supplementation to prevent vitamin D deficiency over the course of a year. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 128 highly trained athletes to assess total 25(OH)D concentration. Of these 128 athletes, 54 male and 48 female athletes (18-32 years) were included in a randomized, double blind, dose-response study. Athletes with either a deficient (<50 nmol/l) or an insufficient (50-75 nmol/l) 25(OH)D concentration were randomly assigned to take 400, 1100 or 2200 IU vitamin D3 per day orally for 1 year...
September 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
Congratulations to the winners of the 2015 Outstanding Manuscript Awards, as determined by the Editorial Board and the Editors of the Journal of Athletic Training.
May 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Justin W L Keogh, Paul W Winwood
BACKGROUND: Weight-training sports, including weightlifting, powerlifting, bodybuilding, strongman, Highland Games, and CrossFit, are weight-training sports that have separate divisions for males and females of a variety of ages, competitive standards, and bodyweight classes. These sports may be considered dangerous because of the heavy loads commonly used in training and competition. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically review the injury epidemiology of these weight-training sports, and, where possible, gain some insight into whether this may be affected by age, sex, competitive standard, and bodyweight class...
March 2017: Sports Medicine
Nathan Smith, Eleanor Quested, Paul R Appleton, Joan L Duda
Adopting an integrated achievement goal (Nicholls, J. G. (1989). The competitive ethos and democratic education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.) and self-determination theory (Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The "what" and "why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268. doi:10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01) perspective as proffered by Duda, J. L. (2013). (The conceptual and empirical foundations of empowering coaching(TM): Setting the stage for the PAPA project...
January 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Kimberly Keeley, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Malissa Martin, Thomas A Cappaert
CONTEXT: Understanding the beliefs about and use of evidence-based practice (EBP) among athletic trainers (ATs) will help to determine appropriate strategies to improve implementation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ATs' beliefs about and use of EBP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey instrument. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 467 ATs responded to the survey request, a response rate of 11...
January 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Per Hölmich
The doctoral thesis is based on eight papers published in peer-reviewed journals and a review of the literature. The papers are published between 1997 and 2013 in cooperation with Sankt Elisabeth Hospital, Herlev Hospital, Glostrup Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Hvidovre Hospital, Amager Hospital, Copenhagen Trial Unit, and Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen. Groin injuries in sport are very common and in football they are among the most common and most time-consuming injuries. These injuries are treated very differently around the world...
December 2015: Danish Medical Journal
Joseph T Costello, Philip R A Baker, Geoffrey M Minett, Francois Bieuzen, Ian B Stewart, Chris Bleakley
BACKGROUND: Recovery strategies are often used with the intention of preventing or minimising muscle soreness after exercise. Whole-body cryotherapy, which involves a single or repeated exposure(s) to extremely cold dry air (below -100 °C) in a specialised chamber or cabin for two to four minutes per exposure, is currently being advocated as an effective intervention to reduce muscle soreness after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of whole-body cryotherapy (extreme cold air exposure) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise in adults...
September 18, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kaitlyn Weiss, Chris Whatman
BACKGROUND: Knee injuries are prevalent among a variety of competitive sports and can impact an athlete's ability to continue to participate in their sport or, in the worst case, end an athlete's career. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate biomechanics associated with both patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries (in sports involving landing, change in direction, or rapid deceleration) across the three time points frequently reported in the literature: pre-injury, at the time of injury, and following injury...
September 2015: Sports Medicine
Craig R Denegar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Monica Lininger, Jessaca Spybrook, Christopher C Cheatham
Longitudinal designs are common in the field of athletic training. For example, in the Journal of Athletic Training from 2005 through 2010, authors of 52 of the 218 original research articles used longitudinal designs. In 50 of the 52 studies, a repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. A possible alternative to this approach is the hierarchical linear model, which has been readily accepted in other medical fields. In this short report, we demonstrate the use of the hierarchical linear model for analyzing data from a longitudinal study in athletic training...
April 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, William A Pitney
CONTEXT: Professional responsibility, rewards and respect, and time for rejuvenation are factors supporting professional commitment for athletic trainers (ATs) in the high school setting. The inherent complexities of an occupational setting can mitigate perceptions of professional commitment. Thus far, evidence is lacking regarding professional commitment for ATs in other occupational settings. OBJECTIVE: To extend the literature on professional commitment of the AT to the collegiate setting...
May 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, William A Pitney
CONTEXT: Professional commitment simply describes one's obligation to his or her work. For athletic trainers (ATs), the demanding work environment and job expectations may affect their characterization of professional commitment. Our breadth of knowledge regarding professional commitment within athletic training is narrow. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the professional commitment of ATs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Collegiate...
May 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Joel T Fuller, Clint R Bellenger, Dominic Thewlis, Margarita D Tsiros, Jonathan D Buckley
BACKGROUND: The effect of footwear on running economy has been investigated in numerous studies. However, no systematic review and meta-analysis has synthesised the available literature and the effect of footwear on running performance is not known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of footwear on running performance and running economy in distance runners, by reviewing controlled trials that compare different footwear conditions or compare footwear with barefoot...
March 2015: Sports Medicine
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