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journal of athletic training

Jamie Douglas, Simon Pearson, Angus Ross, Mike McGuigan
BACKGROUND: Resistance training is an integral component of physical preparation for athletes. A growing body of evidence indicates that eccentric strength training methods induce novel stimuli for neuromuscular adaptations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effects of eccentric training in comparison to concentric-only or traditional (i.e. constrained by concentric strength) resistance training. METHODS: Searches were performed using the electronic databases MEDLINE via EBSCO, PubMed and SPORTDiscus via EBSCO...
September 19, 2016: Sports Medicine
Joanie Jackson, Amanda Clark, Lindsey Pearse, Elizabeth A Miller, Heather Stanfield, Christopher J L Cunningham
America's aging population needs interprofessional health care providers committed to providing high-quality, patient-centered care. Considering the often negative attitudes held by health care students about older adults and the impact that can have on their care, it is important to explore factors that influence student attitudes and desire to provide geriatric care. Five hundred seventy-two students pursuing nursing, physical therapy, athletic training, dietetics, and social work degrees were surveyed. Students reported demographic factors, amount of contact with older adults, how rewarding that contact had been, and confidence and interest in working with older adults...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT: Research suggests that women do not pursue leadership positions in athletic training due to a variety of reasons, including family challenges, organizational constraints, and reluctance to hold the position. The literature has been focused on the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I setting, limiting our full understanding. OBJECTIVE: To examine factors that help women as they worked toward the position of head athletic trainer. DESIGN: Qualitative study...
July 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
E M P Backx, M Tieland, K Maase, A K Kies, M Mensink, L J C van Loon, L C P G M de Groot
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Dutch athletes and to define the required dosage of vitamin D3 supplementation to prevent vitamin D deficiency over the course of a year. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 128 highly trained athletes to assess total 25(OH)D concentration. Of these 128 athletes, 54 male and 48 female athletes (18-32 years) were included in a randomized, double blind, dose-response study. Athletes with either a deficient (<50 nmol/l) or an insufficient (50-75 nmol/l) 25(OH)D concentration were randomly assigned to take 400, 1100 or 2200 IU vitamin D3 per day orally for 1 year...
September 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
(no author information available yet)
Congratulations to the winners of the 2015 Outstanding Manuscript Awards, as determined by the Editorial Board and the Editors of the Journal of Athletic Training.
May 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Justin W L Keogh, Paul W Winwood
BACKGROUND: Weight-training sports, including weightlifting, powerlifting, bodybuilding, strongman, Highland Games, and CrossFit, are weight-training sports that have separate divisions for males and females of a variety of ages, competitive standards, and bodyweight classes. These sports may be considered dangerous because of the heavy loads commonly used in training and competition. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically review the injury epidemiology of these weight-training sports, and, where possible, gain some insight into whether this may be affected by age, sex, competitive standard, and bodyweight class...
June 21, 2016: Sports Medicine
Nathan Smith, Eleanor Quested, Paul R Appleton, Joan L Duda
Adopting an integrated achievement goal (Nicholls, J. G. (1989). The competitive ethos and democratic education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.) and self-determination theory (Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The "what" and "why" of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268. doi:10.1207/S15327965PLI1104_01) perspective as proffered by Duda, J. L. (2013). (The conceptual and empirical foundations of empowering coaching(TM): Setting the stage for the PAPA project...
April 8, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Kimberly Keeley, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Malissa Martin, Thomas A Cappaert
CONTEXT: Understanding the beliefs about and use of evidence-based practice (EBP) among athletic trainers (ATs) will help to determine appropriate strategies to improve implementation. OBJECTIVE: To examine the ATs' beliefs about and use of EBP. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Online survey instrument. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 467 ATs responded to the survey request, a response rate of 11...
January 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Per Hölmich
The doctoral thesis is based on eight papers published in peer-reviewed journals and a review of the literature. The papers are published between 1997 and 2013 in cooperation with Sankt Elisabeth Hospital, Herlev Hospital, Glostrup Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Hvidovre Hospital, Amager Hospital, Copenhagen Trial Unit, and Institute of Preventive Medicine, Copenhagen. Groin injuries in sport are very common and in football they are among the most common and most time-consuming injuries. These injuries are treated very differently around the world...
December 2015: Danish Medical Journal
Joseph T Costello, Philip R A Baker, Geoffrey M Minett, Francois Bieuzen, Ian B Stewart, Chris Bleakley
BACKGROUND: Recovery strategies are often used with the intention of preventing or minimising muscle soreness after exercise. Whole-body cryotherapy, which involves a single or repeated exposure(s) to extremely cold dry air (below -100 °C) in a specialised chamber or cabin for two to four minutes per exposure, is currently being advocated as an effective intervention to reduce muscle soreness after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of whole-body cryotherapy (extreme cold air exposure) for preventing and treating muscle soreness after exercise in adults...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kaitlyn Weiss, Chris Whatman
BACKGROUND: Knee injuries are prevalent among a variety of competitive sports and can impact an athlete's ability to continue to participate in their sport or, in the worst case, end an athlete's career. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate biomechanics associated with both patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries (in sports involving landing, change in direction, or rapid deceleration) across the three time points frequently reported in the literature: pre-injury, at the time of injury, and following injury...
September 2015: Sports Medicine
Craig R Denegar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Monica Lininger, Jessaca Spybrook, Christopher C Cheatham
Longitudinal designs are common in the field of athletic training. For example, in the Journal of Athletic Training from 2005 through 2010, authors of 52 of the 218 original research articles used longitudinal designs. In 50 of the 52 studies, a repeated-measures analysis of variance was used to analyze the data. A possible alternative to this approach is the hierarchical linear model, which has been readily accepted in other medical fields. In this short report, we demonstrate the use of the hierarchical linear model for analyzing data from a longitudinal study in athletic training...
April 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, William A Pitney
CONTEXT: Professional responsibility, rewards and respect, and time for rejuvenation are factors supporting professional commitment for athletic trainers (ATs) in the high school setting. The inherent complexities of an occupational setting can mitigate perceptions of professional commitment. Thus far, evidence is lacking regarding professional commitment for ATs in other occupational settings. OBJECTIVE: To extend the literature on professional commitment of the AT to the collegiate setting...
May 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, William A Pitney
CONTEXT: Professional commitment simply describes one's obligation to his or her work. For athletic trainers (ATs), the demanding work environment and job expectations may affect their characterization of professional commitment. Our breadth of knowledge regarding professional commitment within athletic training is narrow. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the professional commitment of ATs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Collegiate...
May 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Joel T Fuller, Clint R Bellenger, Dominic Thewlis, Margarita D Tsiros, Jonathan D Buckley
BACKGROUND: The effect of footwear on running economy has been investigated in numerous studies. However, no systematic review and meta-analysis has synthesised the available literature and the effect of footwear on running performance is not known. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of footwear on running performance and running economy in distance runners, by reviewing controlled trials that compare different footwear conditions or compare footwear with barefoot...
March 2015: Sports Medicine
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman, William A Pitney
CONTEXT: Supervisor support has been identified as key to the fulfillment of work-life balance for the athletic trainer (AT), yet limited literature exists on the perspectives of supervisors. OBJECTIVE: To investigate how the head AT facilitates work-life balance among staff members within the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Web-based management system...
January 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Elizabeth M Ferraro, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT: Female athletic trainers (ATs) tend to depart the profession of athletic training after the age of 30. Factors influencing departure are theoretical. Professional demands, particularly at the collegiate level, have also been at the forefront of anecdotal discussion on departure factors. OBJECTIVE: To understand the career and family intentions of female ATs employed in the collegiate setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I...
February 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
Tânia Amorim, Matthew Wyon, José Maia, José Carlos Machado, Franklim Marques, George S Metsios, Andreas D Flouris, Yiannis Koutedakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: While some authors report that dancers have reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and increased risk of osteoporosis, others have stressed the positive effects of dance training on developing healthy BMD. Given the existing controversy, the aim of this systematic review was to examine the best evidence-based information available in relation to female dancers. METHODS: Four databases (Web of Science, PubMed, EBSCO, Scopus) and two dance science journals (Journal of Dance Medicine and Science and Medical Problems of Performing Artists) were searched for relevant material using the keywords "dance", "ballet", "BMD", "bone density", "osteoporosis" and "female athlete triad syndrome"...
February 2015: Sports Medicine
Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Concussion is a significant injury that can occur in physical education, during recreational activities, and during sports. School nurses should be included as an integral member of the concussion management team and assist with education, evaluation, and management of a concussed student. Recent and updated sport-related concussion management recommendations from the National Athletic Trainers' Association Research and Education Foundation as published in the March 2014 Journal of Athletic Training are reviewed to provide an understanding of best practices for concussion management in the school setting...
September 2014: NASN School Nurse
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