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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098733/preventing-pupillary-capture-after-vitrectomy-and-transscleral-fixation-of-an-intraocular-lens-iridotomy-using-a-vitrectomy-probe
#1
Dae Yune Kim, Hyung Bin Lim, Tae Seen Kang, Jung Yeul Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of concurrent iridotomy using a vitreous cutter probe on the prevention of pupillary capture in patients undergoing transscleral fixation of intraocular lens implantation. METHODS: A total of 79 eyes from 79 patients, who underwent transscleral fixation of intraocular lens without preexisting vitreoretinal disorders and who were followed up for 6 months were included. Subjects were divided into a noniridotomy group (51 eyes) and an iridotomy group (28 eyes)...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098725/how-vitreomacular-interface-modifies-the-efficacy-of-anti-vegf-therapy-for-myopic-choroidal-neovascularization
#2
Pierluigi Iacono, Maurizio Battaglia Parodi, Lorenzo Iuliano, Francesco Bandello
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab in the treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularization (mCNV) complicated by vitreoretinal interface alterations. METHODS: Thirty-two patients affected by mCNV and concurrent vitreoretinal interface disorders, including macular epiretinal membrane (18 patients), lamellar macular hole (4 patients), full-thickness macular hole (1 patient), broad/focal vitreomacular traction (3 patients), broad/focal vitreomacular adhesion (4 patients), and myopic foveoschisis (2 patients), were enrolled in a prospective study...
January 16, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#3
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086913/correction-of-irregular-and-induced-regular-corneal-astigmatism-with-toric-iol-after-posterior-segment-surgery-a-case-series
#4
Bence L Kolozsvári, Gergely Losonczy, Dorottya Pásztor, Mariann Fodor
BACKGROUND: Toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation can be an effective method for correcting corneal astigmatism in patients with vitreoretinal diseases and cataract. Our purpose is to report the outcome of toric IOL implantation in two cases - a patient with scleral-buckle-induced regular corneal astigmatism and a patient with keratoconus following pars plana vitrectomy. As far as we are aware, there are no reported cases of toric IOL implantation in a vitrectomized eye with keratoconus nor of toric IOL implantation in patients with scleral-buckle-induced regular corneal astigmatism...
January 13, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078103/the-potential-of-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-imaging-based-retinal-biomarkers
#5
REVIEW
Prateep Phadikar, Sandeep Saxena, Surabhi Ruia, Timothy Y Y Lai, Carsten H Meyer, Dean Eliott
BACKGROUND: Biomarker", a merged word of "biological marker", refers to a broad subcategory of medical signs that objectively indicate the state of health, and well-being of an individual. Biomarkers hold great promise for personalized medicine as information gained from diagnostic or progression markers can be used to tailor treatment to the individual for highly effective intervention in the disease process. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has proved useful in identifying various biomarkers in ocular and systemic diseases...
2017: International Journal of Retina and Vitreous
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060388/perioperative-risks-of-antiplatelet-and-anticoagulant-drugs-in-vitreoretinal-procedures
#6
Dimosthenis Mantopoulos, Demetrios G Vavvas, Howard F Fine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060150/simulation-training-in-vitreoretinal-surgery-a-low-cost-medium-fidelity-model
#7
James C Rice, Jonel Steffen, Linett du Toit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058162/bedside-diode-laser-photocoagulation-under-remifentanil-analgesia-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-early-structural-outcomes
#8
Mehmet Ali Şekeroğlu, Emre Hekimoğlu, Beyza Özcan, Ahmet Yağmur Baş, Nihal Demirel, Jale Karakaya
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate one-year structural outcomes of bedside diode laser photocoagulation with remifentanil analgesia for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and discuss clinical and demographic characteristics of infants and other possible risk factors that may affect the outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of premature infants who were treated with bedside transpupillary diode laser photocoagulation under remifentanil analgesia for ROP were evaluated for clinical and demographic characteristics, accompanying systemic risk factors, laser parameters, complications of treatment, retreatment rate and one-year structural outcomes...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058149/surgical-indications-and-clinical-results-of-patients-with-exchanged-intraocular-lenses-in-a-tertiary-eye-hospital
#9
Sevim Kavuncu, Aslıhan Esra Omay, Mehmet Hakan Tırhış, Pelin Yılmazbaş
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the demographics, surgical indications and clinical results of patients with repositioned or explanted intraocular lens (IOL) in a tertiary referral eye hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight eyes of 48 patients that underwent surgery to exchange or reposition the IOL at Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital between 2009 and 2013 were included in the study. Medical records of patients were evaluated for surgical indications, time elapsed since initial operation, preoperative and postoperative best corrected distance visual acuity and the presence of ocular disease...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057648/in-vitro-experiment-to-elucidate-the-mechanism-of-the-soft-shell-technique-for-preventing-subretinal-migration-of-perfluoro-octane
#10
Yau Kei Chan, Yongjie Lu, Gabriela Czanner, Jing Wu, Ho Ching Cheng, Rumana Hussain, Taiji Sakamoto, Ho Cheung Shum, David Wong
AIM: Perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) can migrate into subretinal space in detached and stiffened retina with open holes during vitreoretinal surgery. An innovative 'soft shell' technique was introduced to reduce the complication using hyaluronate (HA) to 'cover' the retinal hole. This study aims to study the effectiveness of this technique in vitro. METHODS: Ex vivo porcine retina was mounted on a transwell insert. Beneath the retina was an aqueous solution. Two retinal holes were made using needle punctures...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050730/factors-associated-with-corneal-epithelial-defects-after-pars-plana-vitrectomy
#11
Wei-Yu Chiang, Jong-Jer Lee, Hsi-Kung Kuo, Yi-Hao Chen, Chih-Hsin Chen, Yung-Jen Chen, Pei-Chang Wu, Yun-Wen Chen
PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors associated with corneal epithelial defects (CED) and delayed healing (exceeding 1 week) following pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent PPV at a single center in Taiwan between 2011 and 2012. Medical records were reviewed, including demographic, underlying disease, surgical indication, operation parameters, and existence of CED. These data were statistically analyzed...
January 3, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039672/two-cases-of-primary-vitreoretinal-lymphoma-a-diagnostic-challenge-the-supporting-role-of-multimodal-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-primary-vitreoretinal-lymphoma
#12
Mariachiara Morara, Federico Foschi, Chiara Veronese, Carlo Torrazza, Francesco Bacci, Vittorio Stefoni, P Antonio Ciardella
PURPOSE: To report two cases of primary vitreoretinal lymphoma (PVRL), which presented as intermediate and posterior uveitis. METHODS: Combined clinical assessment, multimodal imaging with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fundus autofluorescence, fluorescein angiography, indocyanine green angiography, brain magnetic resonance imaging and vitreous and retinal biopsy. Case 1 was a 48-year-old woman who complained of visual loss in her right eye secondary to a diffuse vitreous opacification and multiple chorioretinal lesions...
December 30, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018693/stickler-syndrome-type-1-with-short-stature-and-atypical-ocular-manifestations
#13
Manisha Goyal, Seema Kapoor, Shiro Ikegawa, Gen Nishimura
Stickler syndrome or hereditary progressive arthroophthalmopathy is a heterogeneous group of collagen tissue disorders, characterized by orofacial features, ophthalmological features (high myopia, vitreoretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, and presenile cataracts), hearing impairment, mild spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia, and/or early onset arthritis. Stickler syndrome type I (ocular form) is caused by mutation in the COL2A1 gene. Ptosis and uveitis are relatively rare ophthalmological manifestations of this syndrome...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009348/the-state-of-ocular-health-among-london-s-homeless-population
#14
N Sawers
PurposeTo investigate the demographics, visual impairment, and diagnoses of patients presenting to Vision Care for Homeless People (VCHP), Crisis clinics for London's under-researched homeless population.Patients and methodsTwo hundred eighty-three patients records, including data on sociodemographic, diabetic status, visual acuity, and ocular examination, via a comprehensive eye test were reviewed from the VCHP clinics held at 10 London 'Crisis at Christmas' centres in 2014.ResultsTwo hundred eighty-three individual patients were seen at the VCHP clinics...
December 23, 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002793/next-generation-sequencing-of-vitreoretinal-lymphomas-from-small-volume-intraocular-liquid-biopsies-new-routes-to-targeted-therapies
#15
Andi K Cani, Daniel H Hovelson, Hakan Demirci, Mark W Johnson, Scott A Tomlins, Rajesh C Rao
BACKGROUND: Vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL), the most common lymphoma of the eye, is a rare form of primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Most frequently a high-grade diffuse large B cell lymphoma, VRL can cause vision loss and its prognosis remains dismal: the overall survival time is 3 years after diagnosis. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are used but remain frequently ineffective, and no standardized treatment regimen exists. Furthermore, no biologically targeted treatments, based on the genetic profile of the tumor, are available, as VRL has hitherto not comprehensively been profiled...
December 17, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999681/timing-and-outcomes-of-vitreoretinal-surgery-after-traumatic-retinal-detachment
#16
REVIEW
Molly Orban, Yasmin Florence Khodeja Islam, Luis J Haddock
Traumatic retinal detachments are a significant cause of morbidity. There are currently no evidence-based guidelines on the appropriate time to perform vitreoretinal surgery to repair a traumatic retinal detachment. Early intervention, within seven days of the inciting trauma, may decrease proliferative vitreoretinopathy and postoperative endophthalmitis. Later intervention may yield a reduced risk of inflammation and hemorrhage, particularly in cases of concomitant open globe injuries. This article reviews the literature on the management of retinal detachments associated with ocular trauma from the years 2006 to 2016...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994397/phacoantigenic-reaction-masquerading-as-postoperative-endophthalmitis-in-a-silicone-oil-filled-eye
#17
Bindu Rajesh, Rameez Hussain, Mahesh Gopalakrishnan, Anantharaman Giridhar
A 72-year-old phakic male with immature cataract underwent vitrectomy with silicone oil injection in his left eye for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. The surgery was uneventful except for lens touch during vitrectomy. Two weeks postoperatively, he presented with circumcorneal congestion, hypopyon, and absent fundal glow suggestive of postoperative endophthalmitis. The patient was managed conservatively as he refused further intervention. Five weeks later, ocular inflammation subsided following posterior dislocation of the cataractous lens, thus revealing the error in our initial diagnosis...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984550/long-term-anatomical-and-functional-outcomes-following-vitrectomy-for-advanced-coats-disease
#18
Murat Karacorlu, Mumin Hocaoglu, Isil Sayman Muslubas, Serra Arf
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term anatomical and functional results of vitreoretinal surgery in patients with advanced Coats disease. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 23 patients who underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy combined with transscleral cryotherapy, laser photocoagulation, and intraocular tamponade between 2005 and 2014 and had a follow-up of at least 1 year. The primary outcomes were mean visual acuity and anatomical success. RESULTS: The average age at the time of surgery was 8...
December 14, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982219/nonarteritic-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy-following-pars-plana-vitrectomy-for-macular-hole-treatment-case-report
#19
Leonardo Provetti Cunha, Luciana Virgínia Ferreira Costa Cunha, Carolina Ferreira Costa, Mário Luiz Ribeiro Monteiro
Herein, we report a case of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) following uneventful pars plana vitrectomy for macular hole treatment. A 56-year-old previously healthy woman presented with a full-thickness macular hole in right eye (OD) and small cup-to-disc ratios in both eyes. Five days after surgery, she noticed sudden painless loss of vision in OD and was found to have an afferent pupillary defect and intraocular pressure of 29 mmHg. Fundus examination showed right optic disc edema and the resolution of a macular hole with an inferior altitudinal visual field defect...
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977831/spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-in-older-patients-with-history-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#20
Aristomenis Thanos, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Bozho Todorich, Natalie Huang, Kimberly A Drenser, George A Williams, Michael T Trese, Antonio Capone
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To characterize the in vivo microstructural features of patients with history of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-center, retrospective imaging case series during which a chart review was performed of consecutive patients with history of ROP who underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with or without enhanced depth imaging. Eyes with time-domain OCT, no light perception, or uninterpretable SD-OCT images were excluded...
December 1, 2016: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
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