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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106767/development-and-evaluation-of-e-ca-an-electronic-mobile-based-food-record
#1
Sophie Bucher Della Torre, Isabelle Carrard, Eddy Farina, Brigitta Danuser, Maaike Kruseman
Measures that capture diet as validly and reliably as possible are cornerstones of nutritional research, and mobile-based devices offer new opportunities to improve and simplify data collection. The balance between precision and acceptability of these data collection tools remains debated, and rigorous validations are warranted. Our objective was to develop and evaluate an electronic mobile-based food record for a research setting. We developed e-CA, which includes almost 900 foods and beverages classified in 14 categories and 60 subcategories...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106745/recent-advances-in-phospholipids-from-colostrum-milk-and-dairy-by-products
#2
REVIEW
Vito Verardo, Ana Maria Gómez-Caravaca, David Arráez-Román, Kasper Hettinga
Milk is one of the most important foods for mammals, because it is the first form of feed providing energy, nutrients and immunological factors. In the last few years, milk lipids have attracted the attention of researchers due to the presence of several bioactive components in the lipid fraction. The lipid fraction of milk and dairy products contains several components of nutritional significance, such as ω-3 and ω-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids, CLA, short chain fatty acids, gangliosides and phospholipids...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106712/very-low-protein-diet-vlpd-reduces-metabolic-acidosis-in-subjects-with-chronic-kidney-disease-the-nutritional-light-signal-of-the-renal-acid-load
#3
Biagio Raffaele Di Iorio, Lucia Di Micco, Stefania Marzocco, Emanuele De Simone, Antonietta De Blasio, Maria Luisa Sirico, Luca Nardone, On Behalf Of Ubi Study Group
BACKGROUND: Metabolic acidosis is a common complication of chronic kidney disease; current guidelines recommend treatment with alkali if bicarbonate levels are lower than 22 mMol/L. In fact, recent studies have shown that an early administration of alkali reduces progression of CKD. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of fruit and vegetables to reduce the acid load in CKD. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study in 146 patients who received sodium bicarbonate...
January 17, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106613/relationship-of-sleep-duration-and-regularity-with-dietary-intake-among-preschool-aged-children-with-obesity-from-low-income-families
#4
Megan E Petrov, Kiley B Vander Wyst, Corrie M Whisner, Mihyun Jeong, Michaela Denniston, Michael W Moramarco, Martina R Gallagher, Elizabeth Reifsnider
OBJECTIVE: Diet is a modifiable factor associated with pediatric obesity outcomes, but few studies have evaluated the relationships of sleep duration and regularity on dietary intake of young preschool-aged children. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether short sleep duration and irregular sleep timing were associated with greater calorie, carbohydrate and fat consumption among young children with obesity from low-income families. METHODS: Fifty-one ethnically diverse children aged 2 to 4 years were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children clinics in a southeast Texas county...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106215/the-degree-of-processing-of-foods-which-are-most-widely-consumed-by-the-french-elderly-population-is-associated-with-satiety-and-glycemic-potentials-and-nutrient-profiles
#5
Anthony Fardet, Caroline Méjean, Hélène Labouré, Valentina A Andreeva, Gilles Feron
Food processing impacts both food structure and nutritional density. The effect of food structure on satiety and glycemic potentials is well recognized. However, the association between processing, satiety and glycemic potentials and nutrient profiles has not been much studied, especially in the diets of the elderly. Therefore, this study aimed at exploring relations between the level of food processing, consumption and nutrient profiles and satiety and glycemic potentials among 6686 French elderly people (≥65 years)...
January 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105758/chicory-inulin-ameliorates-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-suppresses-jnk-and-mapk-pathways-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#6
Chong Ning, Xiyao Wang, Song Gao, Jingjing Mu, Yuehua Wang, Suwen Liu, Jinyan Zhu, Xianjun Meng
SCOPE: Chicory inulin is a naturally occurring fructan that is conducive to glucose and lipid metabolism in patients with diabetes mellitus. The present study aims to investigate the mechanism by which chicory inulin improves glucolipid metabolism in diabetic conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats were injected with streptozotocin and fed with high fat diet to induce diabetes, and then administrated with different doses of chicory inulin for 8 weeks. The glycometabolism and lipid metabolism parameters were determined, the activity of insulin receptor substrate (IRS) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways were examined by western blot...
January 20, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105723/current-views-on-hunter-gatherer-nutrition-and-the-evolution-of-the-human-diet
#7
Alyssa N Crittenden, Stephanie L Schnorr
Diet composition and food choice are not only central to the daily lives of all living people, but are consistently linked with turning points in human evolutionary history. As such, scholars from a wide range of fields have taken great interest in the role that subsistence has played in both human cultural and biological evolution. Central to this discussion is the diet composition and nutrition of contemporary hunters and gatherers, who are frequently conscripted as model populations for ancestral human nutrition...
January 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103960/knowing-your-genes-does-this-impact-behaviour-change
#8
Clare B O'Donovan, Marianne C Walsh, Michael J Gibney, Lorraine Brennan, Eileen R Gibney
It is postulated that knowledge of genotype may be more powerful than other types of personalised information in terms of motivating behaviour change. However, there is also a danger that disclosure of genetic risk may promote a fatalistic attitude and demotivate individuals. The original concept of personalised nutrition (PN) focused on genotype-based tailored dietary advice; however, PN can also be delivered based on assessment of dietary intake and phenotypic measures. Whilst dietitians currently provide PN advice based on diet and phenotype, genotype-based PN advice is not so readily available...
January 20, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103809/dietary-treatment-of-crohn-s-disease-perceptions-of-families-with-children-treated-by-exclusive-enteral-nutrition-a-questionnaire-survey
#9
Vaios Svolos, Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Elaine Buchanan, Lee Curtis, Vikki Garrick, Jacqueline Hay, Susan Laird, Joanna Munro, Daniel R Gaya, Richard K Russell, Richard Hansen
BACKGROUND: Diet is strongly associated with the aetiology of Crohn's Disease (CD) and exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is the primary induction treatment in paediatric CD. This study explored opinions around the use of EEN and alternative novel, solid food-based diets (SFDs) expressed by paediatric patients with CD, previously treated with EEN and their parents. METHODS: This anonymous questionnaire surveyed families of CD patients treated with EEN over 1 year...
January 19, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103462/low-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-in-portugal-pregnant-women-nutrition-in-portugal-and-its-repercussions
#10
REVIEW
Luis Pereira-da-Silva, Elisabete Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Portuguese population is drifting away from the Mediterranean diet-like pattern. In this context, the current nutritionalstatus of women of childbearing age and of pregnant Portuguese women and their growing fetuses is critically reviewed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A narrative critical review was performed on recent published high quality studies assessing diet and nutritional status of women of childbearing age and pregnant women and its influence on the nutritional status of their offspring...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102847/curcumin-represses-mouse-3t3-l1-cell-adipogenic-differentiation-via-inhibiting-mir-17-5p-and-stimulating-the-wnt-signalling-pathway-effector-tcf7l2
#11
Lili Tian, Zhuolun Song, Weijuan Shao, William W Du, Lisa R Zhao, Kejing Zeng, Burton B Yang, Tianru Jin
Understanding mechanisms underlying adipogenic differentiation may lead to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets for obesity. Wnt signalling pathway activation leads to repressed adipogenic differentiation while certain microRNAs may regulate pre-adipocyte proliferation and differentiation. We show here that in mouse white adipose tissue, miR-17-5p level is elevated after high fat diet consumption. miR-17-5p upregulates adipogenic differentiation, as its over-expression increased while its inhibition repressed 3T3-L1 differentiation...
January 19, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102395/sesamol-ameliorates-high-fat-and-high-fructose-induced-cognitive-defects-via-improving-insulin-signaling-disruption-in-the-central-nervous-system
#12
Zhigang Liu, Yali Sun, Qinglian Qiao, Tong Zhao, Wentong Zhang, Bo Ren, Qian Liu, Xuebo Liu
Sesamol, a nutritional component from sesame, possesses antioxidant, lipid lowering and antidepressant activities. Nonetheless, few studies report its effects on high-energy-dense diet-induced cognitive loss. The present research aimed to elucidate the action of sesamol on high-fat and high-fructose (HFFD) "western"-diet-induced central nervous system insulin resistance and learning and memory impairment, and further determined the possible underlying mechanism. 3 month-old C57BL/6J mice were divided into 3 groups with/without sesamol in the drinking water (0...
January 19, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101997/the-ecology-of-anemia-anemia-prevalence-and-correlated-factors-in-adult-indigenous-women-in-argentina
#13
Laura G Goetz, Claudia Valeggia
OBJECTIVES: The Toba/Qom of Namqom are an indigenous community native to the Gran Chaco region of northern Argentina. Historically seminomadic foragers, the diet of peri-urban community members has rapidly changed from high-protein, high-fiber to hypercaloric, processed. This study aims to understand the impact of this nutritional transition on aspects of women's health by exploring the relationship between prevalence of anemia and current diet composition, place of birth, and reproductive history...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101961/antibody-formation-towards-porcine-tissue-in-patients-implanted-with-crosslinked-heart-valves-is-directed-to-antigenic-tissue-proteins-and-%C3%AE-gal-epitopes-and-is-reduced-in-healthy-vegetarian-subjects
#14
Ulrike Böer, Falk F R Buettner, Ariane Schridde, Melanie Klingenberg, Samir Sarikouch, Axel Haverich, Mathias Wilhelmi
BACKGROUND: Glutaraldehyde-fixed porcine heart valves (ga-pV) are one of the most frequently used substitutes for insufficient aortic and pulmonary heart valves which, however, degenerate after 10-15 years. Yet, xeno-immunogenicity of ga-pV in humans including identification of immunogens still needs to be investigated. We here determined the immunogenicity of ga-pV in patients with respect to antibody formation, identity of immunogens and potential options to reduce antibody levels. METHODS: Levels of tissue-specific and anti-αGal antibodies were determined retrospectively in patients who received ga-pV for 51 months (n=4), 25 months (n=6) or 5 months (n=4) and compared to age-matched untreated subjects (n=10) or younger subjects with or without vegetarian diet (n=12/15)...
January 18, 2017: Xenotransplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100816/diets-derived-from-maize-monoculture-cause-maternal-infanticides-in-the-endangered-european-hamster-due-to-a-vitamin-b3-deficiency
#15
Mathilde L Tissier, Yves Handrich, Odeline Dallongeville, Jean-Patrice Robin, Caroline Habold
From 1735 to 1940, maize-based diets led to the death of hundreds of thousands of people from pellagra, a complex disease caused by tryptophan and vitamin B3 deficiencies. The current cereal monoculture trend restricts farmland animals to similarly monotonous diets. However, few studies have distinguished the effects of crop nutritional properties on the reproduction of these species from those of other detrimental factors such as pesticide toxicity or agricultural ploughing. This study shows that maize-based diets cause high rates of maternal infanticides in the European hamster, a farmland species on the verge of extinction in Western Europe...
January 25, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100512/postexercise-repletion-of-muscle-energy-stores-with-fructose-or-glucose-in-mixed-meals
#16
Robin Rosset, Virgile Lecoultre, Léonie Egli, Jérémy Cros, Ayse Sila Dokumaci, Karin Zwygart, Chris Boesch, Roland Kreis, Philippe Schneiter, Luc Tappy
BACKGROUND: Postexercise nutrition is paramount to the restoration of muscle energy stores by providing carbohydrate and fat as precursors of glycogen and intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) synthesis. Compared with glucose, fructose ingestion results in lower postprandial glucose and higher lactate and triglyceride concentrations. We hypothesized that these differences in substrate concentration would be associated with a different partition of energy stored as IMCLs or glycogen postexercise...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099665/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-for-preschoolers-clinical-trial-with-teenage-mothers
#17
Betina Soldateli, Alvaro Vigo, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of educational dietary intervention offered in the child's first year of life, as well as teenage mothers and grandmothers in carrying out the dietary recommendations at four to seven years. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial initiated in 2006, in Porto Alegre, RS, involving 323 teenage mothers and grandmothers who cohabited. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding. The first session occurred in the maternity ward and the other ones in the households of mothers at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of the child's life...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099128/bone-health-assessment-of-food-allergic-children-on-restrictive-diets-a-practical-guide
#18
Artemis E Doulgeraki, Emmanouel M Manousakis, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Food allergy in childhood is on the rise globally and is managed with avoidance diets; recent case reports of food allergic children with nutritional rickets in the literature highlight the importance of close monitoring of bone health in this population. METHODS: There is no consensus as yet with regard to bone health evaluation in food allergic children; therefore, extensive literature search was performed and the existing evidence is presented, along with a relevant algorithm...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098139/appetite-responses-to-high-fat-meals-or-diets-of-varying-fatty-acid-composition-a-comprehensive-review
#19
REVIEW
S Kaviani, J A Cooper
Dietary fatty acids (FA) act as signaling molecules with diverse effects on physiologic function. The aim of this article is to review and summarize the clinical human studies in the literature on how dietary FA composition in meals and diets affects hunger and satiety signaling in the body. Studies examining FA saturation (monounsaturated (MUFA), saturated or polyunsaturated (PUFA) FAs) or FA chain length from high-fat meals/diets were included. Measures of appetite included visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaires, appetite hormones (Cholecystokinin (CCK), glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), gastric insulinotropic polypeptide gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP), ghrelin, leptin, insulin) and/or energy intake (EI) data...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098048/folate-and-vitamin-b12-concentrations-are-associated-with-plasma-dha-and-epa-fatty-acids-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#20
I Iglesia, I Huybrechts, M González-Gross, T Mouratidou, J Santabárbara, V Chajès, E M González-Gil, J Y Park, S Bel-Serrat, M Cuenca-García, M Castillo, M Kersting, K Widhalm, S De Henauw, M Sjöström, F Gottrand, D Molnár, Y Manios, A Kafatos, M Ferrari, P Stehle, A Marcos, F J Sánchez-Muniz, L A Moreno
This study aimed to examine the association between vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 biomarkers and plasma fatty acids in European adolescents. A subsample from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study with valid data on B-vitamins and fatty acid blood parameters, and all the other covariates used in the analyses such as BMI, Diet Quality Index, education of the mother and physical activity assessed by a questionnaire, was selected resulting in 674 cases (43 % males). B-vitamin biomarkers were measured by chromatography and immunoassay and fatty acids by enzymatic analyses...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
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