keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

diet and nutrition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141178/peri-conception-and-first-trimester-diet-modifies-reproductive-development-in-bulls
#1
K J Copping, M D Ruiz-Diaz, C S Rutland, N P Mongan, M J Callaghan, I C McMillen, R J Rodgers, V E A Perry
Nutritional perturbation during gestation alters male reproductive development in rodents and sheep. In cattle both the developmental trajectory of the feto-placental unit and its response to dietary perturbations is dissimilar to that of these species. This study examined the effects of dietary protein perturbation during the peri-conception and first trimester periods upon reproductive development in bulls. Nulliparous heifers (n=360) were individually fed a high- or low-protein diet (HPeri and LPeri) from 60 days before conception...
November 16, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140275/old-fashioned-vs-ultra-processed-based-current-diets-possible-implication-in-the-increased-susceptibility-to-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease-in-childhood
#2
REVIEW
Sandra V Aguayo-Patrón, Ana M Calderón de la Barca
Ultra-processed foods are ready-to-heat and ready-to-eat products created to replace traditional homemade meals and dishes due to convenience and accessibility. Because of their low-fiber and high-fat and sugar composition, these foodstuffs could induce a negative impact on health. They are partially responsible for obesity and chronic non-transmissible diseases; additionally, they could impact in the prevalence of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. The rationale is that the nutritional composition of ultra-processed foodstuffs can induce gut dysbiosis, promoting a pro-inflammatory response and consequently, a "leaky gut"...
November 15, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140151/a-comparison-of-the-nutrient-intakes-of-macronutrient-based-dieting-and-strict-dieting-bodybuilders
#3
Ahmed Ismaeel, Suzy Weems, Darryn Willoughby
The purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive assessment of the nutritional habits of competitive bodybuilders and compare the nutrient intakes of macronutrient-based dieting and strict dieting individuals. Data from 41 subjects (30 males and 11 females) were used in analyses. Participants completed a comprehensive food frequency questionnaire and diets were analyzed using a computer system. Males consumed an average of 2577.2 (SD=955.1) kilocalories, with an average fat intake of 83.6 g (SD=41.3), an average carbohydrate intake of 323...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138990/non-ige-mediated-adverse-food-reactions
#4
REVIEW
Stephanie A Leonard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to update what is currently known about the major non-IgE-mediated food allergies: food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), food protein-induced allergic proctocolitis (FPIAP), and food protein-induced enteropathy (FPE). These conditions are similar in that symptoms are regulated to the gastrointestinal tract; therefore understanding their specific features is important for diagnosis and management. RECENT FINDINGS: The most progress has been made in understanding FPIES with several recent large cohorts being described...
November 14, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138966/postnatal-nutrition-influences-male-attractiveness-and-promotes-plasticity-in-male-mating-preferences
#5
José C Noguera, Neil B Metcalfe, Pat Monaghan
Poor early-life nutrition could reduce adult reproductive success by negatively affecting traits linked to sexual attractiveness such as song complexity. If so, this might favor strategic mate choice, allowing males with less complex songs to tailor their mating tactics to maximize the reproductive benefits. However, this possibility has been ignored in theoretical and empirical studies. By manipulating the micronutrient content of the diet (e.g., low or high) during the postnatal period of male zebra finches, we show for the first time (1) that males reared on a poor (low) micronutrient diet had less complex songs as adults; (2) that these males, in contrast to the high micronutrient diet group, were more selective in their mating strategies, discriminating against those females most likely to reduce their clutch size when paired with males having less complex songs; and (3) that by following different mating strategies, males reared on the contrasting diets obtained similar reproductive benefits...
November 14, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138870/insig2-rs7566605-single-nucleotide-variant-and-global-dna-methylation-index-levels-are-associated-with-weight-loss-in-a-personalized-weight-reduction-program
#6
Francesca Pirini, Sebastian Rodriguez-Torres, Bola Grace Ayandibu, María Orera-Clemente, Alberto Gonzalez-de la Vega, Fahcina Lawson, Roland J Thorpe, David Sidransky, Rafael Guerrero-Preston
Single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with lipid metabolism and energy balance are implicated in the weight loss response caused by nutritional interventions. Diet‑induced weight loss is also associated with differential global DNA methylation. DNA methylation has been proposed as a predictive biomarker for weight loss response. Personalized biomarkers for successful weight loss may inform clinical decisions when deciding between behavioral and surgical weight loss interventions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between global DNA methylation, genetic variants associated with energy balance and lipid metabolism, and weight loss following a non‑surgical weight loss regimen...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137687/combining-traditional-dietary-assessment-methods-with-novel-metabolomics-techniques-present-efforts-by-the-food-biomarker-alliance
#7
Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Lorraine Brennan, Christian A Drevon, Henk van Kranen, Claudine Manach, Lars Ove Dragsted, Helen M Roche, Cristina Andres-Lacueva, Stephan J L Bakker, Jildau Bouwman, Francesco Capozzi, Sarah De Saeger, Thomas E Gundersen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Sabine E Kulling, Rikard Landberg, Jakob Linseisen, Fulvio Mattivi, Ronald P Mensink, Cristina Scaccini, Thomas Skurk, Inge Tetens, Guy Vergeres, David S Wishart, Augustin Scalbert, Edith J M Feskens
FFQ, food diaries and 24 h recall methods represent the most commonly used dietary assessment tools in human studies on nutrition and health, but food intake biomarkers are assumed to provide a more objective reflection of intake. Unfortunately, very few of these biomarkers are sufficiently validated. This review provides an overview of food intake biomarker research and highlights present research efforts of the Joint Programming Initiative 'A Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life' (JPI-HDHL) Food Biomarkers Alliance (FoodBAll)...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137686/the-food-multimix-concept-harnessing-and-promoting-local-composite-complementary-diets
#8
F B Zotor, P Amuna
Over the past two decades, increasing efforts have been made to find suitable nutritional products for managing particularly moderate forms of malnutrition following acute phase treatment, including the adoption of ready-to-use therapeutic foods. The challenge in meeting nutrient needs of normal growing young children and other vulnerable population groups with scant food supply has led us to explore the use of local, traditional and culturally adaptable food-based complementary foods employing the food multimix (FMM) concept...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137685/nutrition-research-in-cognitive-impairment-dementia-with-a-focus-on-soya-and-folate
#9
Eef Hogervorst, Shelina Kassam, Atik Kridawati, Mira Soni, Xu Xin, Xiao Shifu, Tri Budi Rahardjo
Observational studies and treatment trials investigating nutrition and cognitive function, with a focus on folate and soya and dementia, were reviewed. Data suggested that effects of folic acid based interventions may only be shown before cognitive decline is evident and/or if people are folate deficient. In older people in Indonesia, Hawai'i and China, tofu, which can contain high levels of phytoestrogens, was found to increase dementia risk. This association was not mediated by a vegetarian diet, socioeconomic status, formaldehyde, thyroid function, or loss of teeth...
November 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135945/nutritional-profile-and-dietary-patterns-of-lebanese-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients-a-case-control-study
#10
Nicole Fakhoury-Sayegh, Hassan Younes, Gessica N H A Heraoui, Raymond Sayegh
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered the most common liver disease in the world. Dietary habits have a significant impact on the biological and physical profile of patients and increase the risk of NAFLD. The overall pattern of diet intake is more associated with health outcomes than nutrients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the nutritional profile and the dietary patterns of Lebanese NAFLD patients and compare it with controls. During this study; 112 NAFLD Lebanese adult patients (55 men and 57 women); and 110 controls (44 men and 66 women) were recruited...
November 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135687/environmental-and-epigenetic-regulation-of-postprandial-lipemia
#11
Laurence D Parnell, Jose M Ordovas, Chao-Qiang Lai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postprandial lipemia (PPL), the prolonged increase in plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins following food consumption, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Genetic variation, environment and the interplay between these direct an individual's postprandial lipid response. From such interplay, inducible and reversible epigenetic changes arise. Increasing evidence suggests epigenetic variation contributes to postprandial response in lipids and risk...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134507/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-italy
#12
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133422/nutritional-and-greenhouse-gas-impacts-of-removing-animals-from-us-agriculture
#13
Robin R White, Mary Beth Hall
As a major contributor to agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, it has been suggested that reducing animal agriculture or consumption of animal-derived foods may reduce GHGs and enhance food security. Because the total removal of animals provides the extreme boundary to potential mitigation options and requires the fewest assumptions to model, the yearly nutritional and GHG impacts of eliminating animals from US agriculture were quantified. Animal-derived foods currently provide energy (24% of total), protein (48%), essential fatty acids (23-100%), and essential amino acids (34-67%) available for human consumption in the United States...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132735/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-in-hiv-infected-patients-relation-with-nutritional-status-and-cardiovascular-risk
#14
Sara Policarpo, Teresa Rodrigues, Ana Catarina Moreira, Emília Valadas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has been associated to a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and a lower cardiovascular risk (CVR). Our aim was to assess HIV infected individual's adherence to the MedDiet and its relationship with nutritional status and CVR. METHODS: Clinical and anthropometric data were collected and a nutritional assessment was performed. Adherence to the MedDiet was assessed using the questionnaire MedDietScore, ranging from 0 to 55, where higher scores indicated a higher adherence...
April 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132675/the-role-of-baked-egg-and-milk-in-the-diets-of-allergic-children
#15
REVIEW
Melissa L Robinson, Bruce J Lanser
Baked egg and baked milk are tolerated by most children who are allergic to hen's egg and cow's milk. Incorporating baked goods into the diets of allergic children may help them outgrow their primary allergy more quickly, with changes observed akin to immunotherapy. Benefits may also include increased quality of life and improved nutritional status. The search for a reliable biomarker to predict tolerance to baked goods is ongoing. Most children with a milk or egg allergy who are not previously tolerating egg or milk in baked goods should be offered an observed oral food challenge...
February 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132537/nfil3-is-a-negative-regulator-of-hepatic-gluconeogenesis
#16
Geon Kang, Hye-Sook Han, Seung-Hoi Koo
OBJECTIVE: Nuclear factor interleukin-3 regulated (NFIL3) has been known as an important transcriptional regulator of the development and the differentiation of immune cells. Although expression of NFIL3 is regulated by nutritional cues in the liver, the role of NFIL3 in the glucose metabolism has not been extensively studied. Thus, we wanted to explore the potential role of NFIL3 in the control of hepatic glucose metabolism. MATERIALS/METHODS: Mouse primary hepatocytes were cultured to perform western blot analysis, Q-PCR and chromatin immunoprecipitation assay...
December 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132529/celiac-disease-and-gluten-sensitivity
#17
REVIEW
Katharine C DeGeorge, Jeanetta W Frye, Kim M Stein, Lisa K Rollins, Daniel F McCarter
Celiac disease is an immune-mediated enteropathy triggered by gluten that affects genetically predisposed individuals, typically causing intestinal symptoms and malabsorption. Diagnosis requires stepwise evaluation with anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA and histologic analysis of the small bowel. Strict adherence to a gluten-free diet is the primary treatment. Patients with symptoms thought to be related to gluten but without evidence of celiac disease are difficult to diagnose and treat. Consider first advising general nutritional improvements...
December 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131337/effect-of-farming-system-on-donkey-milk-composition
#18
Emanuela Valle, Luisa Pozzo, Marzia Giribaldi, Domenico Bergero, Maria Silvia Gennero, Daniela Dezzutto, Amy McLean, Giorgio Borreani, Mauro Coppa, Laura Cavallarin
BACKGROUND: Donkey milk is considered a functional food for sensitive consumers, such as children allergic to cow milk. No information is available regarding the effect of farming systems on the quality of donkey milk. The study was aimed at evaluating the effect of the farming system and lactation stage on gross composition, fat-soluble vitamins and fatty acids (FA) in donkey milk. RESULTS: Individual milk samples were collected from lactating jennies (n=53) on the six of the largest farms located in North West Italy...
November 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130725/-eighth-jes%C3%A3%C2%BAs-culebras-lecture-critical-care-nutrition-and-hyperglycemia-a-close-relationship
#19
Alfonso Mesejo
Critically ill patients show a metabolic response to injury that affects carbohydrate metabolism, causing hyperglycemia and an increase in glycemic variability that makes the critically ill patient susceptible to infection, resulting in morbidity and mortality increase. Also, severe hypoglycemia was detected as a consequence of intensive insulin treatment that provokes deleterious effects in their clinical evolution, so a correct monitoring of plasma glucose would contribute to reduce morbidity and mortality...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130723/-telomeres-and-diet-quality
#20
Amelia Marti, Raquel Echeverría, Lydia Morell-Azanza, Ana Ojeda-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the relationship between diet quality and telomere integrity in humans. Telomeres are regions of non-coding DNA localized at the end of each chromosome whose length, in addition to indicating life expectancy, indicates an overall health status. The objective of this systematic review is to compile the existing evidence on the relationship between telomere length and diet quality to further explore the impact that some nutrients, foods and dietary patterns may have on telomere homeostasis and therefore, in precision nutrition strategies...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
keyword
keyword
109393
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"