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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786097/spot-urine-and-24-h-diet-recall-estimates-of-dietary-sodium-intake-from-the-2008-09-new-zealand-adult-nutrition-survey-a-comparison
#1
Rachael M McLean, Sheila M Williams, Lisa A Te Morenga, Jim I Mann
BACKGROUND: We aimed to test the difference between estimates of dietary sodium intake using 24-h diet recall and spot urine collection in a large sample of New Zealand adults. METHODS: We analysed spot urine results, 24-h diet recall, dietary habits questionnaire and anthropometry from a representative sample of 3312 adults aged 15 years and older who participated in the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. Estimates of adult population sodium intake were derived from 24-h diet recall and spot urine sodium using a formula derived from analysis of INTERSALT data...
May 22, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785907/the-fatty-acid-composition-of-estonian-and-latvian-retail-milk-implications-for-human-nutrition-compared-with-a-designer-milk
#2
Merike Henno, Tiia Ariko, Tanel Kaart, Sirje Kuusik, Katri Ling, Marko Kass, Hanno Jaakson, Ragnar Leming, D Ian Givens, Vita Sterna, Meelis Ots
The study reported in this Research Communication compared retail milks' FA profiles from two neighbouring countries, estimated the potential contributions of these milks and a designer milk (achieved by changing the diet of the dairy cow) to the recommended human dietary intake of FA, and predicted (based on the milk FA profile) methane emission from dairy cows. Retail milks in Estonia and Latvia were purchased from supermarkets monthly for one year. To compare the FA composition of retail milk with designer milk with an increased PUFA content, the bulk milk FA profile from a separate field trial was used...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785874/-because-the-baby-asks-for-it-a-mixed-methods-study-on-local-perceptions-toward-nutrition-during-pregnancy-among-marginalised-migrant-women-along-the-myanmar-thailand-border
#3
Ahmar H Hashmi, Moo Kho Paw, Suphak Nosten, Mu Chae Darakamon, Mary Ellen Gilder, Prakaykaew Charunwatthana, Verena I Carrara, Kremlin Wickramasinghe, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Emma Plugge, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: A mixed-methods study was performed to explore local perceptions and practices of diet and physical activity in pregnancy in a marginalised population along the Myanmar-Thailand border...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785849/dietary-carotenoid-roles-in-redox-homeostasis-and-human-health
#4
Marcelo Paes Barros, Maria J Rodrigo, Lorenzo Zacarias
Classic nutrition believed that healthy diets should simply provide sufficient antioxidant loads to organisms, to hamper free radical processes and avoid oxidative stress. Current redox biology was proven much more intricate. Carotenoids are bioactive compounds in human diet with a multifaceted role in redox metabolism. This review discusses the participation of α/β-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin, lycopene, β-cryptoxanthin, astaxanthin, and derivatives in redox homeostasis focusing on: (i) their anti-/pro-oxidant activities; (ii) control of gene expression via Nrf2-Keap1 and NF-ΚB pathways; and (iii) their link with (sub)cellular redox circuits, as part of the 'redox code' that orchestrates physiological processes and health in humans...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785692/impact-of-enteral-nutrition-with-an-immunomodulating-diet-enriched-with-hydrolyzed-whey-peptide-on-infection-after-liver-transplantation
#5
Naoko Kamo, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Ryuji Uozumi, Shinya Okumura, Atsushi Kobayashi, Hisaya Shirai, Shintaro Yagi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Infection is a leading cause of death after liver transplantation (LT). Therefore, prevention of infection is crucial for improving outcomes after LT. We examined the impact of early enteral nutrition with an immunomodulating diet (IMD) enriched with hydrolyzed whey peptide (HWP) formulation on infection after living donor LT (LDLT), focusing on sarcopenia. METHODS: This study enrolled 279 consecutive patients who underwent primary LDLT at our institute between January 2008 and April 2015...
May 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785173/phytochemicals-that-influence-gut-microbiota-as-prophylactics-and-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-and-inflammatory-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Lucrecia Carrera-Quintanar, Rocío I López Roa, Saray Quintero-Fabián, Marina A Sánchez-Sánchez, Barbara Vizmanos, Daniel Ortuño-Sahagún
Gut microbiota (GM) plays several crucial roles in host physiology and influences several relevant functions. In more than one respect, it can be said that you "feed your microbiota and are fed by it." GM diversity is affected by diet and influences metabolic and immune functions of the host's physiology. Consequently, an imbalance of GM, or dysbiosis, may be the cause or at least may lead to the progression of various pathologies such as infectious diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, inflammatory bowel disease, and even obesity and diabetes...
2018: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784067/yeast-derivatives-and-wheat-germ-in-the-adult-diet-modulates-fecundity-in-a-tephritid-pest
#7
L Goane, P M Pereyra, F Castro, M J Ruiz, M L Juárez, D F Segura, M T Vera
Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann), a pest of great economic importance in South America, needs urgently to be controlled by environmentally friendly methods such as the sterile insect technique for which mass rearing of insects is required. Because oogenesis takes place during the adult stage, mass-rearing facilities should provide the females a diet that maximizes egg production at the lowest cost. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of artificial protein sources in the adult diet (yeast derivatives of different cost but with similar amino acids profiles, and the addition of wheat germ) on fecundity...
May 22, 2018: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783628/is-3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate-cmpf-a-clinically-relevant-uremic-toxin-in-haemodialysis-patients
#8
Mathilde Luce, Anais Bouchara, Myriam Pastural, Samuel Granjon, Jean Christophe Szelag, Maurice Laville, Walid Arkouche, Denis Fouque, Christophe O Soulage, Laetitia Koppe
3-Carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate (CMPF) is a metabolite of furan fatty acid and a marker of fish oil intake. CMPF is described as a protein-bound uremic toxin and interacts with free oxygen radicals, which can induce cell damages. However, the clinical consequences of CMPF accumulation in haemodialysis patients remain poorly documented. The aims of this study are to investigate potential association between CMPF levels and (i) biochemical and nutritional parameters; (ii) cardiovascular events and (iii) mortality...
May 18, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782991/beneficial-and-paradoxical-roles-of-selenium-at-nutritional-levels-of-intake-in-healthspan-and-longevity
#9
REVIEW
Li Zhang, Huawei Zeng, Wen-Hsing Cheng
Accumulation of genome and macromolecule damage is a hallmark of aging, age-associated degeneration, and genome instability syndromes. Although processes of aging are irreversible, they can be modulated by genome maintenance pathways and environmental factors such as diet. Selenium (Se) confers its physiological functions mainly through selenoproteins, but Se compounds and other proteins that incorporate Se nonspecifically also impact optimal health. Bruce Ames proposed that the aging process could be mitigated by a subset of low-hierarchy selenoproteins whose levels are preferentially reduced in response to Se deficiency...
May 18, 2018: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782893/quantity-based-analysis-of-household-food-consumption-patterns-and-drivers-the-case-of-israel
#10
Yuval Damari, Meidad Kissinger
The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782463/gut-microbiota-probiotics-and-sport-from-clinical-evidence-to-agonistic-performance
#11
Marco Pane, Angela Amoruso, Francesca Deidda, Teresa Graziano, Serena Allesina, Luca Mogna
Human beings harbor clusters of bacteria in different parts of the body, such as the surface or the deep layers of the skin, the mouth, the lungs, the intestine, the vagina, and all the surfaces exposed to the outer world. The majority of microbes resides in the gut, have a weighty influence on human physiology and nutrition and are vital for human life. There is growing evidence showing that the gut microbiota plays important roles in the maturation of the immune system and the protection against some infectious agents...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#12
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780794/pediatric-scurvy-when-contemporary-eating-habits-bring-back-the-past
#13
Alice Brambilla, Cristina Pizza, Donatella Lasagni, Lucia Lachina, Massimo Resti, Sandra Trapani
Vitamin C deficiency is anecdotal in developed countries, mainly associated with underling clinical morbidities as autism or neurological impairment. Chronic insufficient dietary supply is responsible for vascular fragility and impaired bone formation, resulting in gingival bleeding, petechial lesions, articular and bone pain or limb swelling. Children may present anorexia, irritability, failure to thrive, limping or refusal to walk. Accordingly, pediatric scurvy is frequently misdiagnosed with osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, bone and soft tissue tumor, leukemia, bleeding disorders, and rheumatologic conditions...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779617/dysphagia-in-the-older-patient
#14
REVIEW
Samia Nawaz, Ozlem E Tulunay-Ugur
Dysphagia in older adults is a challenging problem and necessitates a team approach. The key to effective management is recognition. Patients tend to dismiss their symptoms as normal aging; therefore, early diagnosis depends on the diligence of the primary care doctors. No diagnostic technique can replace the benefits of a thorough history, with a detailed understanding of nutritional status and aspiration risk. Although one of the main goals in management is to ensure safe swallowing, the impact of a nonoral diet on the quality of life of patients should not be underestimated...
May 17, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778479/an-in-vivo-stable-isotope-based-approach-for-assessment-of-absorbed-amino-acids-from-individual-feed-ingredients-within-complete-diets
#15
K A Estes, R R White, P S Yoder, T Pilonero, H Schramm, H Lapierre, M D Hanigan
Accurate assessment of the nutritional content of feed ingredients is required for precise diet formulation. Characterizing ingredients in terms of absorption and digestibility of individual AA is challenging, and this information often relies on indirect methods. The purpose of this research was to evaluate an in vivo stable isotope-based method of determining plasma entry rates of individual AA from feather meal (FM), blood meal (BM), and a rumen-protected AA (RPMet). Abomasal infusions of unprotected Ile, Leu, Met, and sodium caseinate were used as control treatments to assess technique reliability and accuracy...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778475/performance-nutritional-behavior-and-metabolic-responses-of-calves-supplemented-with-forage-depend-on-starch-fermentability
#16
S Mojahedi, M Khorvash, G R Ghorbani, E Ghasemi, M Mirzaei, F Hashemzadeh-Cigari
This study evaluated the interactive effects of forage provision on performance, nutritional behavior, apparent digestibility, rumen fermentation, and blood metabolites of dairy calves when corn grains with different fermentability were used. Sixty 3-d-old Holstein calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Dietary treatments were (1) steam-flaked (SF) corn without alfalfa hay (AH) supplementation (SF-NO), (2) SF corn with AH supplementation (SF-AH), (3) cracked (CR) corn without AH supplementation (CR-NO), and (4) CR corn with AH supplementation (CR-AH)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778381/dietary-patterns-are-positively-associated-with-semen-quality
#17
Michal Efrat, Anat Stein, Haim Pinkas, Ron Unger, Ruth Birk
OBJECTIVE: To study association of semen quality with a priori whole dietary pattern indexes, which reflect real-world dietary practices and the numerous combinations by which foods are consumed: Healthy Eating Index (HEI), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), alternate Mediterranean Diet score (aMED), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional single-center study. SETTING: Hospital fertility center and university...
May 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777417/effects-of-dietary-microencapsulated-cymbopogon-flexuosus-essential-oil-on-reproductive-related-parameters-in-male-rhamdia-quelen
#18
Carine de Freitas Souza, Cristine Rampelotto, Bruno Bianchi Loureiro, Fernanda Alves Pereira, Adriane Erbice Bianchini, Carine Dahl Corcini, Antonio Sergio Varela Junior, Tatiana Emanuelli, Leila Picolli da Silva, Sílvio Teixeira da Costa, Kalyne Bertolin, Monique Tomazele Rovani, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves, Berta Maria Heinzmann, Bernardo Baldisserotto
In aquaculture, nutrition and supplemented diets have been shown to affect broodstock reproductive performance. In this study, we investigated the effects of dietary supplementation with Cymbopogon flexuosus essential oil (CFEO) microcapsules on reproductive-related parameters in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) male broodfish. Adult male broodstocks were separated into three groups according to the concentrations of supplemented CFEO (0.0 = control; 1.0 or 3.0 mL per kg of diet). After 20 days under experimental conditions, the animals were euthanized and the gonads were harvested for gonadosomatic index, sperm analysis, oxidative stress, and histopathology; testosterone levels were measured in the plasma; gene expression of prl, smtl, pomca, and pomcb was assessed in the pituitary gland by real-time PCR...
May 18, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777232/maternal-overnutrition-programs-epigenetic-changes-in-the-regulatory-regions-of-hypothalamic-pomc-in-the-offspring-of-rats
#19
Thanuja Gali Ramamoorthy, Tiffany-Jayne Allen, Alison Davies, Erika Harno, Charlotte Sefton, Christopher Murgatroyd, Anne White
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Maternal overnutrition has been implicated in affecting the offspring by programming metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes, by mechanisms that are not clearly understood. This study aimed to determine the long-term impact of maternal high-fat (HF) diet feeding on epigenetic changes in the offspring's hypothalamic Pomc gene, coding a key factor in the control of energy balance. Further, it aimed to study the additional effects of postnatal overnutrition on epigenetic programming by maternal nutrition...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777041/evolving-role-of-diet-in-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Arie Levine, Rotem Sigall Boneh, Eytan Wine
Recent advances in basic and clinical science over the last 3 years have dramatically altered our appreciation of the role of diet in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The marked increase in incidence of these diseases along with the important role of non-genetic susceptibility among patients with IBD has highlighted that these diseases have a strong environmental component. Progress in the field of microbiome and IBD has demonstrated that microbiome appears to play an important role in pathogenesis, and that diet may in turn impact the composition and functionality of the microbiome...
May 18, 2018: Gut
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