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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786155/is-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-consistent-with-clinic-recordings
#1
Erkan Kalafat, Iffat Mir, Helen Perry, Basky Thilaganathan, Asma Khalil
OBJECTIVES: To assess the agreement of home blood-pressure monitoring (HBPM) and office blood pressure measurements in a cohort of pregnant women with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (HDP). METHODS: This was a cohort study at St George's Hospital, University of London conducted between years 2016 and 2017. The inclusion criteria were chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension or high risk of developing preeclampsia, no significant proteinuria and no hematological or biochemical abnormalities...
May 22, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782333/the-role-of-clinic-blood-pressure-for-the-diagnosis-of-hypertension
#2
Mohamed Ayan, Sabeeda Kadarath, Patrick T Campbell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent data from randomized clinical trials and updates to hypertension guidelines warrant a review of the literature for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in the clinic setting. Although there have been significant advances in ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring and home BP monitoring, office BP (OBP) measurements remains the primary means of diagnosis and treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: The current review focuses on updated guidelines, proper technique, device selection, and the recent controversy regarding unattended BP measurements...
May 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766366/consensus-statement-on-the-definition-of-neurogenic-supine-hypertension-in-cardiovascular-autonomic-failure-by-the-american-autonomic-society-aas-and-the-european-federation-of-autonomic-societies-efas-endorsed-by-the-european-academy-of-neurology-ean-and-the
#3
REVIEW
Alessandra Fanciulli, Jens Jordan, Italo Biaggioni, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, William P Cheshire, Pietro Cortelli, Sabine Eschlboeck, Guido Grassi, Max J Hilz, Horacio Kaufmann, Heinz Lahrmann, Giuseppe Mancia, Gert Mayer, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Anne Pavy-Le Traon, Satish R Raj, David Robertson, Isabel Rocha, Walter Struhal, Roland Thijs, Konstantinos P Tsioufis, J Gert van Dijk, Gregor K Wenning
PURPOSE: Patients suffering from cardiovascular autonomic failure often develop neurogenic supine hypertension (nSH), i.e., high blood pressure (BP) in the supine position, which falls in the upright position owing to impaired autonomic regulation. A committee was formed to reach consensus among experts on the definition and diagnosis of nSH in the context of cardiovascular autonomic failure. METHODS: As a first and preparatory step, a systematic search of PubMed-indexed literature on nSH up to January 2017 was performed...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763980/arterial-stiffness-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-and-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#4
M Hvelplund Kristiansen, A M Banghøj, E Laugesen, L Tarnow
AIMS: To examine whether people with Type 2 diabetes with concurrent obstructive sleep apnoea have increased arterial stiffness as compared with people with Type 2 diabetes without obstructive sleep apnoea. METHODS: In a study with a case-control design, 40 people with Type 2 diabetes and treatment-naïve moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnoea (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index ≥15) and a control group of 31 people with Type 2 diabetes without obstructive sleep apnoea (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index <5) were examined...
May 15, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763267/top-20-research-studies-of-2017-for-primary-care-physicians
#5
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
Based on systematic surveillance of more than 110 medical journals, 247 studies met criteria as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) in 2017. Members of the Canadian Medical Association identified 20 of these POEMs as most relevant to practice. This article reviews the clinical questions and bottom-line answers from these studies. Blood pressure should be measured after a period of rest, using a bare arm, and orthostatic blood pressure is more predictive when measured after one minute of standing rather than three minutes...
May 1, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758958/the-non-contact-biometric-identified-bio-signal-measurement-sensor-and-algorithms
#6
Chan-Il Kim, Jong-Ha Lee
In these days, wearable devices have been developed for effectively measuring biological data. However, these devices have tissue allege and noise problem. To solve these problems, biometric measurement based on a non-contact method, such as face image sequencing is developed. This makes it possible to measure biometric data without any operation and side effects. However, it is impossible for a remote center to identify the person whose data are measured by the novel methods. In this paper, we propose the novel non-contact heart rate and blood pressure imaging system, Deep Health Eye...
April 25, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746310/beneficial-response-of-blood-pressure-to-short-term-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-in-chinese-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#7
Xiao Wang, Jian Qiu, Yufeng Wang, Zechuan Cai, Xiaoxia Lu, Taoping Li
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is common in people with hypertension and cardiac rhythm disorder. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of short-term continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on blood pressure (BP) and cardiac rhythm in Chinese patients with moderate to severe OSAHS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients in the two hospitals were consecutively enrolled into the prospective study. Ambulatory BP monitoring and Holter monitoring were both performed for 24 h in 214 patients who previously encountered a full night polysomnography...
May 9, 2018: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731013/hypertension-canada-s-2018-guidelines-for-diagnosis-risk-assessment-prevention-and-treatment-of-hypertension-in-adults-and-children
#8
Kara A Nerenberg, Kelly B Zarnke, Alexander A Leung, Kaberi Dasgupta, Sonia Butalia, Kerry McBrien, Kevin C Harris, Meranda Nakhla, Lyne Cloutier, Mark Gelfer, Maxime Lamarre-Cliche, Alain Milot, Peter Bolli, Guy Tremblay, Donna McLean, Raj S Padwal, Karen C Tran, Steven Grover, Simon W Rabkin, Gordon W Moe, Jonathan G Howlett, Patrice Lindsay, Michael D Hill, Mike Sharma, Thalia Field, Theodore H Wein, Ashkan Shoamanesh, George K Dresser, Pavel Hamet, Robert J Herman, Ellen Burgess, Steven E Gryn, Jean C Grégoire, Richard Lewanczuk, Luc Poirier, Tavis S Campbell, Ross D Feldman, Kim L Lavoie, Ross T Tsuyuki, George Honos, Ally P H Prebtani, Gregory Kline, Ernesto L Schiffrin, Andrew Don-Wauchope, Sheldon W Tobe, Richard E Gilbert, Lawrence A Leiter, Charlotte Jones, Vincent Woo, Robert A Hegele, Peter Selby, Andrew Pipe, Philip A McFarlane, Paul Oh, Milan Gupta, Simon L Bacon, Janusz Kaczorowski, Luc Trudeau, Norman R C Campbell, Swapnil Hiremath, Michael Roerecke, Joanne Arcand, Marcel Ruzicka, G V Ramesh Prasad, Michel Vallée, Cedric Edwards, Praveena Sivapalan, S Brian Penner, Anne Fournier, Geneviève Benoit, Janusz Feber, Janis Dionne, Laura A Magee, Alexander G Logan, Anne-Marie Côté, Evelyne Rey, Tabassum Firoz, Laura M Kuyper, Jonathan Y Gabor, Raymond R Townsend, Doreen M Rabi, Stella S Daskalopoulou
Hypertension Canada provides annually updated, evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis, assessment, prevention, and treatment of hypertension in adults and children. This year, the adult and pediatric guidelines are combined in one document. The new 2018 pregnancy-specific hypertension guidelines are published separately. For 2018, 5 new guidelines are introduced, and 1 existing guideline on the blood pressure thresholds and targets in the setting of thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke is revised. The use of validated wrist devices for the estimation of blood pressure in individuals with large arm circumference is now included...
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723262/using-the-person-based-approach-to-optimise-a-digital-intervention-for-the-management-of-hypertension
#9
Katherine Bradbury, Katherine Morton, Rebecca Band, Anne van Woezik, Rebecca Grist, Richard J McManus, Paul Little, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: For behaviour-change interventions to be successful they must be acceptable to users and overcome barriers to behaviour change. The Person-Based Approach can help to optimise interventions to maximise acceptability and engagement. This article presents a novel, efficient and systematic method that can be used as part of the Person-Based Approach to rapidly analyse data from development studies to inform intervention modifications. We describe how we used this approach to optimise a digital intervention for patients with hypertension (HOME BP), which aims to implement medication and lifestyle changes to optimise blood pressure control...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713195/an-integrated-program-with-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-and-village-health-volunteers-for-treating-poorly-controlled-hypertension-at-the-primary-care-level-in-an-urban-community-of-thailand
#10
Sawitree Visanuyothin, Samlee Plianbangchang, Ratana Somrongthong
Purpose: Hypertension (HT) is accountable for death in half of the patients suffering from heart disease and stroke. Many treatment strategies have been used, but little research exists on an integrated program with home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) and village health volunteers (VHVs) in an urban area of Thailand. The present study aims to determine the effectiveness of the integrated program, HBPM, and VHVs in supporting the target population. Patients and methods: This quasi-experiment was conducted from July to November 2017...
2018: Integrated Blood Pressure Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713051/difficult-to-control-hypertension-identification-of-clinical-predictors-and-use-of-ict-based-integrated-care-to-facilitate-blood-pressure-control
#11
Valeria Visco, Rosa Finelli, Antonietta Valeria Pascale, Pietro Mazzeo, Nicola Ragosa, Valentina Trimarco, Maddalena Illario, Michele Ciccarelli, Guido Iaccarino
Difficult-to-control (DTC) hypertension represents a burden in real life that can be partially solved through identification of the characteristics of clinical patterns and tailoring antihypertensive strategies, including ICT-enabled integrated care (ICT-IC). In the quest for clinical predictors of DTC hypertension, we screened 482 hypertensive patients who were consecutively referred to the departmental hypertension clinic. Following a data quality check, patients were divided into controlled (C, 49.37%) and uncontrolled (UC, 50...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713049/maximum-home-blood-pressure-readings-are-associated-with-left-atrial-diameter-in-essential-hypertensives
#12
Toshiki Kaihara, Yuki Imaizumi, Kazuo Eguchi, Kazuomi Kario
We tested the hypothesis that the maximum value of home systolic BP (MSBP) is a marker of hypertensive target organ damage (TOD). We conducted a cross-sectional study of 220 hypertensives. The subjects performed HBP monitoring using a telemonitoring system and measured their HBP for 7 days. Mean, maximum, standard deviation, and coefficient of variation of SBPs were used as independent variables. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), mean carotid intima-media thickness, and left atrial diameter index (LADI) were used as dependent variables...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703800/comparing-standard-office-based-follow-up-with-text-based-remote-monitoring-in-the-management-of-postpartum-hypertension-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#13
Adi Hirshberg, Katheryne Downes, Sindhu Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Monitoring blood pressure at 72 hours and 7-10 days post partum in women with hypertensive disorders is recommended to decrease morbidity. However, there are no recommendations as to how to achieve this. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of text-based blood pressure monitoring to in-person visits for women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in the immediate postpartum period. METHODS: Randomised clinical trial among 206 postpartum women with pregnancy-related hypertension diagnosed during the delivery admission between August 2016 and January 2017...
April 27, 2018: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701425/analgesia-management-for-mitral-valve-repair-via-minithoracotomy-a-case-report
#14
Andreia Fernandes, Clara Gaio Lima, Nelson Paulo, Catarina Celestino, Ana Fonte Boa, Fátima Lima, Manuela Vieira
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS), via minithoracotomy, is thought to be a fast track to extubation and recovery after surgery. Chronic pain, due to intercostal nerve injury, develops in up to 50% of postthoracotomy patients.A number of regional anaesthesia and analgesia techniques may be employed, and the anaesthesiologists play a key role in facilitating optimal outcomes after surgery. METHODS: We report a case of postoperative pain management with a local anesthetic infiltration for MICS...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701009/the-importance-of-pulse-pressure-on-cardiovascular-risk-and-total-mortality-in-the-general-population-is-sex-relevant
#15
Marijana Tadic, Fosca Quarti-Trevano, Michele Bombelli, Rita Facchetti, Cesare Cuspidi, Giuseppe Mancia, Guido Grassi
The aim of the present study is to investigate the predictive value of pulse pressure (PP) on cardiovascular events in the general population and in both sexes, separately. The study involved 2045 participants from the PAMELA study who underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring. The participants were followed from the initial medical visit for a time interval of 137 ± 23 months. It was found that office, home, and 24-hour blood pressures were significantly higher in the individuals who experienced cardiovascular (CV) events...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695375/a-comparison-and-calibration-of-a-wrist-worn-blood-pressure-monitor-for-patient-management-assessing-the-reliability-of-innovative-blood-pressure-devices
#16
Sarah Melville, Robert Teskey, Shona Philip, Jeremy A Simpson, Sohrab Lutchmedial, Keith R Brunt
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines recommend monitoring of blood pressure at home using an automatic blood pressure device for the management of hypertension. Devices are not often calibrated against direct blood pressure measures, leaving health care providers and patients with less reliable information than is possible with current technology. Rigorous assessments of medical devices are necessary for establishing clinical utility. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was 2-fold: (1) to assess the validity and perform iterative calibration of indirect blood pressure measurements by a noninvasive wrist cuff blood pressure device in direct comparison with simultaneously recorded peripheral and central intra-arterial blood pressure measurements and (2) to assess the validity of the measurements thereafter of the noninvasive wrist cuff blood pressure device in comparison with measurements by a noninvasive upper arm blood pressure device to the Canadian hypertension guidelines...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655877/endocrine-and-haemodynamic-changes-in-resistant-hypertension-and-blood-pressure-responses-to-spironolactone-or-amiloride-the-pathway-2-mechanisms-substudies
#17
Bryan Williams, Thomas M MacDonald, Steve V Morant, David J Webb, Peter Sever, Gordon T McInnes, Ian Ford, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Mark J Caulfield, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Isla S Mackenzie, Jackie Salsbury, Morris J Brown
BACKGROUND: In the PATHWAY-2 study of resistant hypertension, spironolactone reduced blood pressure substantially more than conventional antihypertensive drugs. We did three substudies to assess the mechanisms underlying this superiority and the pathogenesis of resistant hypertension. METHODS: PATHWAY-2 was a randomised, double-blind crossover trial done at 14 UK primary and secondary care sites in 314 patients with resistant hypertension. Patients were given 12 weeks of once daily treatment with each of placebo, spironolactone 25-50 mg, bisoprolol 5-10 mg, and doxazosin 4-8 mg and the change in home systolic blood pressure was assessed as the primary outcome...
April 11, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649631/simultaneous-risk-factor-control-using-telehealth-to-slow-progression-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-stop-dkd-study-protocol-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Clarissa J Diamantidis, Hayden B Bosworth, Megan M Oakes, Clemontina A Davenport, Jane F Pendergast, Sejal Patel, Jivan Moaddeb, Huiman X Barnhart, Peter D Merrill, Khaula Baloch, Matthew J Crowley, Uptal D Patel
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) in the United States. Multiple risk factors contribute to DKD development, yet few interventions target more than a single DKD risk factor at a time. This manuscript describes the study protocol, recruitment, and baseline participant characteristics for the Simultaneous Risk Factor Control Using Telehealth to slOw Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease (STOP-DKD) study. The STOP-DKD study is a randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactorial behavioral and medication management intervention to mitigate kidney function decline at 3 years compared to usual care...
April 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606329/-efficiency-between-the-different-measurement-patterns-of-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-the-follow-up-of-hypertensive-patients-in-primary-care
#19
Arleen De León-Robert, Isabel Hidalgo-García, Juan Gascón-Cánovas, José Antón-Botella, Carmen López-Alegría, Heidi Campusano Castellanos
OBJECTIVE: To identify the most efficient measurement pattern of home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) for the follow-up of hypertensive patients in primary care. DESIGN: Validation study of a diagnostic test. SETTING: Primary care team in Murcia, Spain. POPULATION: One hundred and fifty three hypertensive patients younger than 80 years who met the inclusion criteria, who used HBPM and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring...
March 29, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602405/resistant-hypertension-in-adults-with-type-1-or-2-diabetes-a-structured-diagnostic-approach
#20
REVIEW
Philip A McFarlane
People with diabetes often have difficulty reaching their blood pressure targets and are labelled as having resistant hypertension. Clinicians often move quickly to screen such people for secondary causes of hypertension; however, such causes are rare, and resistant hypertension usually has other explanations that are significantly more common. By using a structured approach to resistant hypertension, clinicians can assist patients to reach their target blood pressure levels. Step 1 is to determine out-of-office blood pressure measurements using home or ambulatory blood pressure monitors...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
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