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Bacterial fatty acids

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747819/physicochemical-microbial-and-sensory-properties-of-queso-blanco-cheese-supplemented-with-powdered-microcapsules-of-tomato-extracts
#1
Hyeon-Ju Jeong, Yun-Kyung Lee, Palanivel Ganesan, Hae-Soo Kwak, Yoon Hyuk Chang
The present study examined the physical, chemical, microbial, and sensory characteristics of Queso Blanco cheese supplemented with powdered microcapsules containing tomato extracts (0.5-2.0%) during storage at 7°C for 60 d. The lactic acid bacterial count and lycopene concentrations in Queso Blanco cheese supplemented with powdered microcapsules were significantly higher than those of the control. In a texture analysis, the gumminess, chewiness, and hardness values for Queso Blanco cheese were significantly higher with increasing concentrations of the powdered microcapsules containing tomato extracts...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747784/elevated-co2-and-nitrogen-addition-have-minimal-influence-on-the-rhizospheric-effects-of-bothriochloa-ischaemum
#2
Lie Xiao, Guobin Liu, Peng Li, Sha Xue
The influence of elevated CO2 and nitrogen (N) addition on soil microbial communities and the rhizospheric effects of Bothriochloa ischaemum were investigated. A pot-cultivation experiment was conducted in climate-controlled chambers under two levels of CO2 (400 and 800 μmol mol(-1)) and three levels of N addition (0, 2.5, and 5 g N m(-2) y(-1)). Soil samples (rhizospheric and bulk soil) were collected for the assessment of soil organic carbon (SOC), total N (TN), total phosphorus (TP), basal respiration (BR), and phospholipid fatty acids (PLFAs) 106 days after treatments were conducted...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744961/the-lexa-transcription-factor-regulates-fatty-acid-biosynthetic-genes-in-the-cyanobacterium-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803
#3
Ayumi Kizawa, Akihito Kawahara, Kosuke Takashima, Yasushi Takimura, Yoshitaka Nishiyama, Yukako Hihara
In various heterotrophic bacterial species, specific transcription factors have been identified that regulate the sets of genes required for fatty acid metabolism. Here, we report that expression of the fab genes, encoding fatty acid biosynthetic enzymes, is regulated by the global regulator LexA in the photoautotrophic cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803. Sll1626, an ortholog of the well-known LexA repressor involved in the SOS response in heterotrophic bacteria, was isolated from crude extracts of Synechocystis by DNA affinity chromatography, reflecting its binding to the upstream region of the acpP-fabF and fabI genes...
July 26, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743809/prevention-of-ophthalmia-neonatorum-caused-by-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-using-a-fatty-acid-based-formulation
#4
Colin P Churchward, Raid G Alany, Ruth S Kirk, Anthony J Walker, Lori A S Snyder
Ophthalmia neonatorum, also called neonatal conjunctivitis, acquired during delivery can occur in the first 28 days of life. Commonly caused by the bacterial pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae, infection can lead to corneal scarring, perforation of the eye, and blindness. One approach that can be taken to prevent the disease is the use of an ophthalmic prophylaxis, which kills the bacteria on the surface of the eye shortly after birth. Current prophylaxes are based on antibiotic ointments. However, N. gonorrhoeae is resistant to many antibiotics and alternative treatments must be developed before the condition becomes untreatable...
July 25, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742883/effects-of-oral-florfenicol-and-azithromycin-on-gut-microbiota-and-adipogenesis-in-mice
#5
Rui Li, Hexing Wang, Qingfeng Shi, Na Wang, Zhijie Zhang, Chenglong Xiong, Jianxiang Liu, Yue Chen, Lufang Jiang, Qingwu Jiang
Certain antibiotics detected in urine are associated with childhood obesity. In the current experimental study, we investigated two representative antibiotics detected in urine, florfenicol and azithromycin, for their early effects on adipogenesis, gut microbiota, short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and bile acids in mice. Thirty C57BL/6 mice aged four weeks were randomly divided into three groups (florfenicol, azithromycin and control). The two experimental groups were administered florfenicol or azithromycin at 5 mg/kg/day for four weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742007/galliscardovia-ingluviei-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-thermophilic-bacterium-of-the-family-bifidobacteriaceae-isolated-from-the-crop-of-a-laying-hen-gallus-gallus-f-domestica
#6
R Pechar, J Killer, R Švejstil, H Salmonová, M Geigerová, V Bunešová, V Rada, O Benada
Bacteria with potential probiotic applications are not yet sufficiently explored, even for animals with economic importance. Therefore, we decided to isolate and identify representatives of the family Bifidobacteriaceae, which inhabit the crop of laying hens. During the study, a fructose-6-phosphate phosphoketolase-positive strain, RP51T, with a regular/slightly irregular and sometimes an S-shaped slightly curved rod-like shape, was isolated from the crop of a 13 -month-old Hisex Brown hybrid laying hen. The best growth of the Gram-stain-positive bacterium, which was isolated using Bifidobacterium-selective mTPY agar, was found out to be under strictly anaerobic conditions, however an ability to grow under microaerophilic and aerobic conditions was also observed...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742006/flavobacterium-soyangense-sp-nov-a-psychrotolerant-bacterium-isolated-from-an-oligotrophic-freshwater-lake
#7
Gi Gyun Nam, Yochan Joung, Miri Park, Suhyun Kim, Hyoung Tae Jeon, Jang-Cheon Cho
A bacterial strain, designated IMCC26223T, was isolated from an oligotrophic freshwater lake, Lake Soyang, Korea. Cells of strain IMCC26223T were Gram-staining negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile and short-rod-shaped. Growth occurred at pH 6-8 (optimum, pH 7.0), at 4-25 °C (optimum, 15 °C) and with 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain IMCC26223T was identified as a member of the genus Flavobacterium and most closely related to Flavobacterium fluvii H7T (97...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741995/merdimonas-faecis-gen-nov-sp-nov-isolated-from-human-faeces
#8
Boram Seo, Ju Eun Yoo, Yung Mi Lee, GwangPyo Ko
A strictly anaerobic Gram-stain-positive, non-motile and non-spore-forming bacterial strain, BR31T, was isolated from a faecal sample of a healthy human. Bacterial colonies were ivory-coloured on GAM agar and composed of rod-shaped cells with rounded ends approximately 1.4-2.1×0.5-0.6 µm in size. According to comparative analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strain BR31T formed a distinct phylogenetic lineage that reflects a new genus within Clostridium cluster XIVa in the family Lachnospiraceae, with highest similarity to Eubacterium contortum DSM 3982T (94...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741993/muricauda-marina-sp-nov-isolated-from-marine-snow-of-yellow-sea
#9
Ying Su, Xiaoting Yang, Yanan Wang, Yuyang Liu, Qiaomeng Ren, Xiao-Hua Zhang
A Gram-staining-negative, long rod-shaped, non-motile, strictly aerobic bacterial strain, designated H19-56T, was isolated from a surface marine snow sample collected from the Yellow Sea near China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that H19-56T represented a member of the genus Muricauda and showed the highest sequence similarity to Muricauda ruestringensis B1T (96.9 %). H19-56T grew optimally at pH 8.0, 32 °C and in the presence of 3 % (w/v) NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 43...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741990/novosphingobium-fontis-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-spring
#10
Shih-Yi Sheu, Li-Ping Liu, Chiu-Chung Young, Wen-Ming Chen
A bacterial strain designated STM-14T was isolated from a spring in Taiwan and characterized using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain STM-14T was a Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium and formed cream-coloured colonies. Strain STM-14T grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.0) and with 0-0.5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain STM-14T belonged to the genus Novosphingobium and showed the highest levels of sequence similarity to Novosphingobium naphthae D39T (98...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740260/richer-gut-microbiota-with-distinct-metabolic-profile-in-hiv-infected-elite-controllers
#11
Jan Vesterbacka, Javier Rivera, Kajsa Noyan, Mariona Parera, Ujjwal Neogi, Malu Calle, Roger Paredes, Anders Sönnerborg, Marc Noguera-Julian, Piotr Nowak
Gut microbiota dysbiosis features progressive HIV infection and is a potential target for intervention. Herein, we explored the microbiome of 16 elite controllers (EC), 32 antiretroviral therapy naive progressors and 16 HIV negative controls. We found that the number of observed genera and richness indices in fecal microbiota were significantly higher in EC versus naive. Genera Succinivibrio, Sutterella, Rhizobium, Delftia, Anaerofilum and Oscillospira were more abundant in EC, whereas Blautia and Anaerostipes were depleted...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738515/characterization-of-carbon-dioxide-concentrating-chemolithotrophic-bacterium-serratia-sp-istd04-for-production-of-biodiesel
#12
Manish Kumar, Raj Morya, Edgard Gnansounou, Christian Larroche, Indu Shekhar Thakur
Proteomics and metabolomics analysis has become a powerful tool for characterization of microbial ability for fixation of Carbon dioxide. Bacterial community of palaeoproterozoic metasediments was enriched in the shake flask culture in the presence of NaHCO3. One of the isolate showed resistance to NaHCO3 (100mM) and was identified as Serratia sp. ISTD04 by 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Carbon dioxide fixing ability of the bacterium was established by carbonic anhydrase enzyme assay along with proteomic analysis by LC-MS/MS...
July 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728970/the-staphylococcus-aureus-fasii-bypass-escape-route-from-fasii-inhibitors
#13
REVIEW
Claire Morvan, David Halpern, Gérald Kénanian, Amit Pathania, Jamila Mondoloni-Anba, Gilles Lamberet, Alexandra Gruss, Karine Gloux
Antimicrobials targeting the fatty acid synthesis (FASII) pathway are being developed as alternative treatments for bacterial infections. Emergence of resistance to FASII inhibitors was mainly considered as a consequence of mutations in the FASII target genes. However, an alternative and efficient anti-FASII resistance strategy, called here FASII bypass, was uncovered. Bacteria that bypass FASII make use of exogenous fatty acids to build their membranes, and thus dispense with the need for FASII. This strategy is used by numerous Gram-positive low GC% bacteria, including streptococci, enterococci, and staphylococci...
July 17, 2017: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724659/human-milk-microbial-community-structure-is-relatively-stable-and-related-to-variations-in-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-healthy-lactating-women
#14
Janet E Williams, Janae M Carrothers, Kimberly A Lackey, Nicola F Beatty, Mara A York, Sarah L Brooker, Bahman Shafii, William J Price, Matthew L Settles, Mark A McGuire, Michelle K McGuire
Background: The human milk microbiome has been somewhat characterized, but little is known about changes over time and relations with maternal factors such as nutrient intake.Objective: We sought to characterize the human milk microbiome and described associations with maternal nutrient intake, time postpartum, delivery mode, and body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)).Methods: Milk samples (n = 104) and 24-h diet recalls were collected 9 times from 21 healthy lactating women from day 2 to 6 mo postpartum. Women were classified by BMI as healthy weight (<25) or overweight or obese (≥25)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721502/mucin-cross-feeding-of-infant-bifidobacteria-and-eubacterium-hallii
#15
Vera Bunesova, Christophe Lacroix, Clarissa Schwab
Mucus production is initiated before birth and provides mucin glycans to the infant gut microbiota. Bifidobacteria are the major bacterial group in the feces of vaginally delivered and breast milk-fed infants. Among the bifidobacteria, only Bifidobacterium bifidum is able to degrade mucin and to release monosaccharides which can be used by other gut microbes colonizing the infant gut. Eubacterium hallii is an early occurring commensal that produces butyrate and propionate from fermentation metabolites but that cannot degrade complex oligo- and polysaccharides...
July 18, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720931/quality-attributes-of-dahi-prepared-from-milk-fortified-with-omega-3-fatty-acids-phytosterols-and-polydetxrose
#16
N Veena, B Surendra Nath, Bandla Srinivas, B V Balasubramanyam
In the present study, dahi prepared using milk fortified with omega-3 fatty acids (flaxseed oil), phytosterols and soluble fibre (polydextrose) through an oil-in-water emulsion was evaluated for the physico-chemical and sensory quality. The levels of fortificants in fortified dahi were also estimated. Fortification process did not affect the degree of fermentation in terms of pH and acidity. Sensory scores of fortified and control dahi did not differ significantly. Fortified dahi had lower viscosity, firmness and consistency, and higher water holding capacity (WHC) compared to control; however, significant differences were not observed in firmness and consistency values...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718839/dose-dependent-prebiotic-effect-of-lactulose-in-a-computer-controlled-in-vitro-model-of-the-human-large-intestine
#17
Melanie K Bothe, Annet J H Maathuis, Susann Bellmann, Jos M B M van der Vossen, Dirk Berressem, Annalena Koehler, Susann Schwejda-Guettes, Barbara Gaigg, Angelika Kuchinka-Koch, John F Stover
Lactulose, a disaccharide of galactose and fructose, used as a laxative or ammonia-lowering drug and as a functional food ingredient, enhances growth of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus at clinically relevant dosages. The prebiotic effect of subclinical dosages of Lactulose, however, remains to be elucidated. This study analyses changes in the microbiota and their metabolites after a 5 days Lactulose treatment using the TIM-2 system, a computer-controlled model of the proximal large intestine representing a complex, high density, metabolically active, anaerobic microbiota of human origin...
July 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717252/rain-induced-changes-in-soil-co2-flux-and-microbial-community-composition-in-a-tropical-forest-of-china
#18
Qi Deng, Dafeng Hui, Guowei Chu, Xi Han, Quanfa Zhang
Rain-induced soil CO2 pulse, a rapid excitation in soil CO2 flux after rain, is ubiquitously observed in terrestrial ecosystems, yet the underlying mechanisms in tropical forests are still not clear. We conducted a rain simulation experiment to quantify rain-induced changes in soil CO2 flux and microbial community composition in a tropical forest. Soil CO2 flux rapidly increased by ~83% after rains, accompanied by increases in both bacterial (~51%) and fungal (~58%) Phospholipid Fatty Acids (PLFA) biomass. However, soil CO2 flux and microbial community in the plots without litters showed limited response to rains...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715992/the-hibernator-microbiome-host-bacterial-interactions-in-an-extreme-nutritional-symbiosis
#19
Hannah V Carey, Fariba M Assadi-Porter
Animals that undergo seasonal cycles of feeding and fasting have adaptations that maintain integrity of organ systems when dietary nutrients are lacking. Food deprivation also challenges the gut microbiota, which relies heavily on host diet for metabolic substrates and the gastrointestinal tract, which is influenced by enteral nutrients and microbial activity. Winter fasting in hibernators shifts the microbiota to favor taxa with the capacity to degrade and utilize host-derived substrates and disfavor taxa that prefer complex plant polysaccharides...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714844/puzihella-rosea-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-novel-member-of-the-family-microbacteriaceae-isolated-from-freshwater
#20
Shih-Yi Sheu, Li-Ping Liu, Wen-Ming Chen
Two Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, pink, curved, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterial strains, designated MI-28T and SKY-11, were isolated from freshwater samples taken from a river and fish pond, respectively. Based on characterization using a polyphasic approach, the two strains showed highly similar phenotypic, physiological and genetic profiles. They demonstrated 99.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and a 93-95 % DNA-DNA relatedness value, suggesting that they represent a single genomic species. Phylogenetic analyses, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, showed that strains MI-28T and SKY-11 form a distinct lineage with respect to closely related genera within the family Microbacteriaceae of the class Actinobacteria, which is most closely related to Rhodoluna and Pontimonas, and levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type species of related genera were less than 95 %...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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